28,893 results match your criteria Malignant Neoplasms of the Small Intestine


NONINVASIVE BREATH TESTS FOR DIAGNOSIS OF SIBO AND LACTOSE INTOLERANCE IN PATIENTS ON CHEMOTHERAPY TREATMENT FOR COLORECTAL AND GASTRIC CÂNCER.

Arq Gastroenterol 2021 Jan-Mar;58(1):26-31

Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Disciplina de Gastroenterologia, São Paulo, SP, Brasil.

Background: Worldwide, colorectal cancer (CRC) and gastric cancer (GC) are the third and the fifth most prevalent, respectively. Diarrhea is a common symptom in patients on chemotherapy or radiotherapy treatment and can reduce treatment tolerance. Surgical resections and chemotherapy change the intestinal microbiota that can lead to lactose intolerance, small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO). Read More

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Author commentary on Mariko Sekiya et al.

Authors:

Endoscopy 2021 05 22;53(5):v23. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

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Updated Review on the Role of Curcumin in Gastrointestinal Cancers.

Adv Exp Med Biol 2021 ;1308:55-89

Department of Traditional Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Malignant conditions of the gastrointestinal tract and accessory organs of digestion, including the oral cavity, esophagus, stomach, biliary system, pancreas, small intestine, large intestine, rectum and anus, are referred to as gastrointestinal cancers. Curcumin is a natural compound derived from turmeric with a wide range of biological activities. Several in vitro and in vivo studies have investigated the effects of curcumin on gastrointestinal cancers. Read More

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A giant Brunner gland hamartoma successfully treated by endoscopic excision followed by transanal retrieval: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Apr;100(14):e25048

Third Department of Internal Medicine, Kansai Medical University.

Rationale: Brunner gland hamartoma (BGH) is a rare tumor of the duodenum. Although BGH is a benign tumor, larger lesion with gastrointestinal symptoms requires tumor removal. We report a giant BGH, successfully treated by endoscopic excision followed by transanal retrieval. Read More

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Basics for surgeons about the immunohistochemistry role in pancreatic NETs diagnosis.

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2021 Mar;25(6):2548-2553

Department of General Surgery, Department of Biotechnological and Applied Clinical Sciences, University of L'Aquila, L'Aquila, Italy.

Objective: Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (pNETs) are neuroendocrine tumors primarily found in the pancreas and upper small intestine. There are ten different pNETs: nine of these are associated with a specific functional syndrome, while one is not associated with a specific hormonal syndrome, and it is called non-functional. Up to 90% of pNETs are classified as non-functional. Read More

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[A total replacement of the both ureters and urinary bladder by ileal conduit in a woman with contracted bladder and Ormonds disease].

Urologiia 2021 Mar(1):107-111

Department of urology of North-Western State Medical University named after I.I. Mechnikov, Saint Petersburg, Russia.

A description of the successful surgical treatment of a patient with irreversible changes in both ureters and bladder resulting from a severe form of Ormond's disease and interstitial cystitis, resulting in contracted bladder, is presented. For the first time in clinical practice, a one-stage cystectomy, a bilateral ureterectomy with complete replacement of both ureters and the bladder with two isoperistaltic small bowel segment was performed. The postoperative course was uneventful. Read More

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[Metabolic alterations and stones in patients with orthotopic ileal diversions. Case description.]

Arch Esp Urol 2021 Apr;74(3):351-354

Servicio de Urología. Hospital Universitario San Juan de Alicante. España.

Objective: Bacterial presence, anatomic anomalies and metabolic alterations increase the risk of stone formation in patients with neobladders. These patients sometimes require medical or surgical procedures. The aim of the current work is to analyze those alterations and medical treatment associated to it. Read More

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Comparison of Inflammation-based Prognostic Scores in Patients With Biliary Tract Cancer After Surgical Resection.

Anticancer Res 2021 Apr;41(4):2147-2155

Department of Surgery, National Hospital Organization Fukuyama Medical Center, Hiroshima, Japan.

Background/aim: Inflammation-based prognostic scores are proven prognostic biomarkers in various cancers. This study aimed to identify a useful prognostic score for patients with biliary tract cancer (BTC) after surgical resection.

Patients And Methods: This retrospective study recruited 115 patients with BTC during 2010-2020. Read More

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[Clinicopathological Characteristics of Patients with Intestinal Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma].

Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi 2021 Apr;29(2):508-514

Department of Oncology, Jinan People's Hospital Affiliated to Shandong First Medical University, Jinan 271199, Shandong Province, China,E-mail:

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features of intestinal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL).

Methods: The clinical features, pathological morphology, immunophenotype, and EBER in situ hybridization of 136 DLBCL patients diagnosed in Jinan People's Hospital Affiliated to Shandong First Medical University from January 2007 to October 2014 were analyzed retrospectively. A total of 136 DLBCL samples were obtained, the DLBCL sites were categorized as: duodenum (n=23), ileocecal region (n=63), other small intestine (n=29), rectum (n=7), and other large intestine (n=14). Read More

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Consumption of Select Dietary Emulsifiers Exacerbates the Development of Spontaneous Intestinal Adenoma.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Mar 5;22(5). Epub 2021 Mar 5.

INSERM U1016, Team "Mucosal Microbiota in Chronic Inflammatory Diseases", CNRS UMR 8104, Université de Paris, 75014 Paris, France.

Inflammation is a well-characterized critical driver of gastrointestinal cancers. Previous findings have shown that intestinal low-grade inflammation can be promoted by the consumption of select dietary emulsifiers, ubiquitous component of processed foods which alter the composition and function of the gut microbiota. Using a model of colitis-associated cancer, we previously reported that consumption of the dietary emulsifiers carboxymethylcellulose or polysorbate-80 exacerbated colonic tumor development. Read More

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[A Case of Intra-Abdominal Desmoid Tumor with Acute Abdominal Pain].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2021 Mar;48(3):434-436

Dept. of Surgery, Fukuoka Shin-Mizumaki Hospital.

A 70-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with acute abdominal pain. Abdominal CT showed a 6-cm-sized tumor near the third portion of the duodenum, and a duodenal GIST was suspected. Although the abdominal pain was intense and the tumor was suspected to be ruptured, the vital signs were stable; therefore, we initially planned to perform an elective surgery. Read More

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Annexin A10 Expression Is Associated With Poor Prognosis in Small Bowel Adenocarcinoma.

Anticancer Res 2021 Mar;41(3):1349-1355

Department of Molecular Pathology, Graduate School of Biomedical and Health Sciences, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Japan.

Background/aim: Small bowel adenocarcinoma (SBA) is a relatively rare malignant epithelial neoplasm. Thus, little is known about prognostic biomarkers of SBA. Annexin A10 (ANXA10) is a member of the annexin family. Read More

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Recurrent and metastatic female adnexal tumor of probable Wolffian origin: A case report and review of the literature.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Apr;100(13):e25377

Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, West China Second University Hospital, Sichuan University.

Rationale: Female adnexal tumors of probable Wolffian origin (FATWOs) are rare gynecologic neoplasms arising from the mesonephric duct remnants. Less than 90 cases have been reported in the English literature. Although most cases of FATWO are considered benign, recurrence and metastasis may occur in very few cases during the course of the disease. Read More

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Small Intestinal Hemangioma: A Case Report.

Am J Case Rep 2021 Mar 28;22:e929618. Epub 2021 Mar 28.

Department of Internal Medicine, São Paulo State University (Unesp), Medical School, Botucatu, SP, Brazil.

BACKGROUND Hemangiomas are benign vascular neoplasms that originate from fast-growing embryonic mesodermal tissue and have a proliferation of endothelial cells, which manifest themselves in different forms, locations, and dimensions. Owing to its rarity and similarity of symptoms with other chronic bowel diseases, intestinal hemangioma is a differential diagnosis to be considered in patients presenting with symptoms such as abdominal pain and anemia. CASE REPORT A 46-year-old woman with a history of diffuse abdominal pain and abdominal distension for 20 years presented with a worsening of symptoms in the past year. Read More

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[Cancer of terminal part of common bile duct in a patient with heterotaxy syndrome].

Khirurgiia (Mosk) 2021 (4):58-63

Federal Research and Clinical Center of Specialized Types of Medical Care and Medical Technologies, Moscow, Russia.

Case report is devoted to successful pancreatectomy for cancer of terminal part of common bile duct in a patient with heterotaxy syndrome. The main difficulties during dissection of pancreaticoduodenal complex arose due to anatomical disorientation and the lack of standard topographic and anatomical landmarks. Preoperative computed tomography with assessment of visceral vessel anatomy is essential in all patients with biliopancreaticoduodenal tumors. Read More

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[Efficacy and safety of endoscopic papillectomy of major duodenal papilla neoplasms].

Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi 2021 Mar;43(3):329-334

Department of Endoscope, National Cancer Center/National Clinical Research Center for Cancer/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100021, China.

To discuss the efficacy and safety of endoscopic papillectomy of major duodenal papilla neoplasms. The clinical-pathological data of 21 patients who were admitted to the Department of Endoscopy, Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and underwent endoscopic papillectomy of major duodenal papilla neoplasms from January 2014 to January 2020 were retrospectively studied, their postoperative outcomes and complication were also analyzed. Tweenty-one patients were successfully performed endoscopic papillectomy of major duodenal papilla neoplasms. Read More

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Endoscopic management of ampullary tumors: European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ESGE) Guideline.

Endoscopy 2021 Apr 16;53(4):429-448. Epub 2021 Mar 16.

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Leiden University Medical Center, The Netherlands.

1: ESGE recommends against diagnostic/therapeutic papillectomy when adenoma is not proven.Strong recommendation, low quality evidence. 2: ESGE recommends endoscopic ultrasound and abdominal magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) for staging of ampullary tumors. Read More

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Familial Hyperparathyroidism.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2021 25;12:623667. Epub 2021 Feb 25.

Metabolic Diseases Branch, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, United States.

Regulation of the serum calcium level in humans is achieved by the endocrine action of parathyroid glands working in concert with vitamin D and a set of critical target cells and tissues including osteoblasts, osteoclasts, the renal tubules, and the small intestine. The parathyroid glands, small highly vascularized endocrine organs located behind the thyroid gland, secrete parathyroid hormone (PTH) into the systemic circulation as is needed to keep the serum free calcium concentration within a tight physiologic range. Primary hyperparathyroidism (HPT), a disorder of mineral metabolism usually associated with abnormally elevated serum calcium, results from the uncontrolled release of PTH from one or several abnormal parathyroid glands. Read More

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February 2021

Neuroendocrine neoplasms of the duodenum, ampullary region, jejunum and ileum.

Pathologica 2021 Feb;113(1):12-18

Anatomic Pathology Unit, Department of Molecular Medicine, University of Pavia and Fondazione IRCCS San Matteo Hospital, Pavia, Italy.

Neuroendocrine neoplasms of the small intestine are some of the most frequently occurring along the gastrointestinal tract, even though their incidence is extremely variable according to specific sites. Jejunal-ileal neuroendocrine neoplasms account for about 27% of gastrointestinal NETs making them the second most frequent NET type. The aim of this review is to classify all tumors following the WHO 2019 classification and to describe their pathologic differences and peculiarities. Read More

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February 2021

An epidemiological study of neuroendocrine tumours at tertiary hospitals in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Med Glas (Zenica) 2021 02;18(1):77-83

Pathology Department, Polyclinic for Laboratory Diagnostics, University Clinical Centre of Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Aim Neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs) are a heterogeneous group of tumours with varying clinical expression and behaviour. Because of indolent behaviour of NENs, reviewing and evaluation of epidemiological characteristics is a challenge. The aim of this study was to assess prevalence of NENs at tertiary hospitals considering age, gender, location, and grade. Read More

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February 2021

Clinicopathological features and prognostic factors associated with gastroenteropancreatic mixed neuroendocrine non-neuroendocrine neoplasms in Chinese patients.

World J Gastroenterol 2021 Feb;27(7):624-640

Department of Pathology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Bengbu Medical College, Bengbu 233000, Anhui Province, China.

Background: The incidence of mixed neuroendocrine-non-neuroendocrine neoplasms (MiNEN) is low. To improve our understanding of this rare tumor type and optimally guide clinical treatment, associated risk factors, clinical manifestations, and prognosis must be explored.

Aim: To identify risk factors that influence the prognosis of patients with gastroenteropancreatic MiNEN (GEP-MiNEN). Read More

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February 2021

Insulinoma in tuberous sclerosis: An entity not to be missed.

Saudi Med J 2021 Mar;42(3):332-337

From the Department of Surgery (Al Qahtani M), Multi Organ Transplant Center; from the Department of Surgery (Bojal), King Fahad Specialist Hospital; and from the College of Medicine (Alqarzaie, Alqahtani A) Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors are rare with an incident rate of 5 cases per million individuals. Tuberous sclerosis complex is an autosomal dominant disease. This disease involves multisystem and occurs in one out of every 6,000-10,000 individuals. Read More

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Intra-abdominal small intestinal desmoid tumour mimicking GIST.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Feb 22;14(2). Epub 2021 Feb 22.

General Surgery, BYL Nair Charitable Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Desmoid tumours, also known as aggressive fibromatosis, are fibromuscular neoplasms that arise from mesenchymal cell lines. Desmoid tumours are usually benign and are locally aggressive tumours. We report a case of a 31-year-old man presenting with abdominal mass associated with dyspepsia and early satiety. Read More

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February 2021

Kaposiform haemangioendothelioma of duodenum in a neonate.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Feb 19;14(2). Epub 2021 Feb 19.

Department of Gastroenterology, GB Pant Hospital, New Delhi, India

Kaposiform haemangioendothelioma, an endothelial borderline tumour, is typically seen in childhood involving extremities. It has been closely associated with a consumptive coagulopathy state, Kasabach-Merritt phenomenon (KMP). Extracutaneous involvement is uncommon. Read More

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February 2021

Metachronous primary cancer of the tongue and malignant lymphoma of the small intestine: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Feb;100(7):e24806

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Iwata City Hospital, Iwata.

Rationale: Oral cancer often causes secondary primary cancers in the upper gastrointestinal tract. However, there are no reports of secondary primary cancers in patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma and malignant lymphoma of the small intestine. This report describes a case of metachronous multiple primary cancers of the tongue and small intestine malignant lymphoma. Read More

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February 2021

Myxoma complicated acute intestinal obstruction: A rare case with diagnostic challenges.

Niger J Clin Pract 2021 Feb;24(2):292-294

School of Medicine-Medical School Student, Acibadem Mehmet Ali Aydınlar University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Myxomas are slowly growing mesenchymal tumors and are considered as extremely rare benign tumors of small intestine. This is the case of a young woman presenting with acute bowel obstruction due to ileo-ileal intussusception caused by an intraluminal 4- cm solitary nodule, found to be a myxoma upon pathologic examination, after resection by surgery. Read More

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February 2021

Nanomedicine for Drug Delivery throughout the Alimentary Canal.

Mol Pharm 2021 Feb 19. Epub 2021 Feb 19.

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, Oregon State University, 2730 S. Moody Avenue, RLSB, Portland, Oregon 97201, United States.

The field of nanomedicine continues to grow with new technologies and formulations in development for several disease states. Much research focuses on the use of injectable nanomedicines for treatment of neoplasms; however, there are several formulations in development that use nanotechnology that can be administered enterally for noncancer indications. These nanomedicine treatments have been developed for systemic drug delivery or local drug delivery along the gastrointestinal tract. Read More

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February 2021

Untypical symptoms for rather uncommon surgical entities: report of two rare cases of secondary intussusception in children (a case report).

Pan Afr Med J 2020 26;37:277. Epub 2020 Nov 26.

2 Paediatric Surgery Department, Papageorgiou General Hospital, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece.

Intussusception in infants and children represents a relatively usual challenge for the pediatric surgeon. However, the incidence of lymphoma of the small intestine or inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor, acting as a lead point for invagination, are rather rare. We hereby present two cases of secondary intussusception, with the aforementioned lead points. Read More

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February 2021

[A Case of Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Lung from Gastrointestinal Perforation Due to Small Intestinal Metastasis].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2021 Feb;48(2):285-287

Dept. of Gastroenterological Surgery, Sendai Kousei Hospital.

An 80s male, with a medical history of hypertension, hyperuricemia, and atrial fibrillation, visited our emergency outpatient department with vomiting and diarrhea as the chief complaint in August 2017. The blood examination revealed a high level of inflammatory reaction. The plain abdominal CT revealed fluid retention contacting the small intestine and intraabdominal free gas. Read More

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February 2021