8,246 results match your criteria MCN - The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing [Journal]


Fluid and PET biomarkers for amyloid pathology in Alzheimer's disease.

Mol Cell Neurosci 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Clinical Neurochemistry Laboratory, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Molndal, Sweden; Department of Psychiatry and Neurochemistry, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, University College, London, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland; Department of Molecular Neuroscience, UCL Institute of Neurology, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland; UK Dementia Research Institute at UCL, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by amyloid plaques and tau pathology (neurofibrillary tangles and neuropil threads). Amyloid plaques are primarily composed of aggregated and oligomeric β-amyloid (Aβ) peptides ending at position 42 (Aβ42). The development of fluid and PET biomarkers for Alzheimer's disease (AD), has allowed for detection of Aβ pathology in vivo and marks a major advancement in understanding the role of Aβ in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Attitudes of Physicians, Midwives, and Nurses About Doulas: A Scoping Review.

Authors:

MCN Am J Matern Child Nurs 2019 Jan/Feb;44(1):E3-E4

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December 2018

Support for Young Black Urban Women After Perinatal Loss.

Authors:

MCN Am J Matern Child Nurs 2019 Jan/Feb;44(1):E1-E2

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December 2018

Toward Evidence-Based Practice.

MCN Am J Matern Child Nurs 2019 Jan/Feb;44(1):56-58

Kathleen Leask Capitulo is Chief Nurse Executive, James J. Peters VA Medical Center, Bronx, NY. She is also an Editorial Board member of MCN. Dr. Capitulo can be reached via e-mail at Nancy O'Brien-Abel is a Perinatal Clinical Nurse Specialist, President of Perinatal Consulting, LLC, an Affiliate Instructor in Family and Child Nursing at the University of Washington, Seattle, WA, and an Editorial Board member of MCN. Ms. O'Brien-Abel can be reached via e-mail at

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December 2018

The Tragedy of Trafficking of Women and Children.

MCN Am J Matern Child Nurs 2019 Jan/Feb;44(1):55

Lynn Clark Callister is a Professor Emerita, College of Nursing, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT, and an Editorial Board Member of MCN. Dr. Callister can be reached via e-mail at

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December 2018

Pregnancy After Bariatric Surgery: Nutritional Concerns.

Authors:
Denise Snow

MCN Am J Matern Child Nurs 2019 Jan/Feb;44(1):54

Denise Snow is a clinical associate professor in the School of Nursing at the State University of New York at Stonybrook, Stonybrook, NY, and a healthcare law attorney in private practice. Dr. Snow can be reached via e-mail at

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December 2018

Toxic Stress in Children.

Authors:
Judy A Beal

MCN Am J Matern Child Nurs 2019 Jan/Feb;44(1):53

Judy A. Beal is Professor and Dean, School of Nursing and Health Sciences, Simmons University, Boston, MA. Dr. Beal can be reached via e-mail at

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December 2018

Intrapartum Management of Women With Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection.

Authors:
Kirsten Wisner

MCN Am J Matern Child Nurs 2019 Jan/Feb;44(1):52

Kirsten Wisner is the Magnet Program Director at Salinas Valley Memorial Healthcare System. Ms. Wisner can be reached via e-mail at

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December 2018
2 Reads

Nurses' Perspective on Caring for Women Experiencing Perinatal Loss.

Authors:
Patricia Willis

MCN Am J Matern Child Nurs 2019 Jan/Feb;44(1):46-51

Patricia Willis is an Assistant Professor, Massasoit Community College, Brockton, MA. The author can be reached via e-mail at

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe the experience of caring for women with a perinatal loss from the perspective of the nurse and to determine the extent to which the response to perinatal loss reflects a process.

Study Design And Methods: A purposive study was conducted with nine labor and birth nurses with experience in caring for women with a perinatal loss. The nurses were from two acute care hospitals within one healthcare system in Southeastern Massachusetts. Read More

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December 2018

Attitudes of Physicians, Midwives, and Nurses About Doulas: A Scoping Review.

MCN Am J Matern Child Nurs 2019 Jan/Feb;44(1):33-39

Laura Lucas is an Assistant Professor, Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing, Baltimore, MD. The author can be reached via e-mail at Erin Wright is an Assistant Professor, Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing, Baltimore, MD.

Introduction: Evidence supports numerous positive clinical benefits of doula care. There are varying attitudes among physicians, midwives, and nurses toward support of doulas in a collaborative approach with women in labor. Tension and conflict with use of doulas may occur in some intrapartum settings in the United States. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Application of Caring Theory to Nursing Care of Women Experiencing Stillbirth.

MCN Am J Matern Child Nurs 2019 Jan/Feb;44(1):27-32

Natasha Nurse-Clarke is a Lecturer, Department of Nursing, Herbert H. Lehman College, City University of New York, Bronx, NY. The author can be reached via e-mail at Barbara DiCicco-Bloom is an Associate Professor, Department of Nursing, College of Staten Island, City University of New York, New York, NY. Rana Limbo is Director Emeritus, Resolve Through Sharing, Gundersen Medical Foundation, La Crosse, WI.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which labor and delivery nurses used the tenets of Swanson's middle-range theory to care for women whose babies were stillborn.

Study Design And Methods: A secondary analysis of qualitative in-depth interview data from 20 labor and delivery nurses obtained during a recent grounded theory study was conducted using the directed content analysis method. The five caring processes as described in Swanson's theory were used as a priori codes to conduct the analysis. Read More

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December 2018

Using Theory to Inform and Guide Perinatal Bereavement Care.

MCN Am J Matern Child Nurs 2019 Jan/Feb;44(1):20-26

Marianne H. Hutti is a Professor, University of Louisville, School of Nursing, Louisville, KY. The author can be reached via e-mail at Rana Limbo is Director Emeritus, Resolve Through Sharing, Gundersen Medical Foundation.

Providing nursing care to perinatally bereaved women and their families is difficult, emotionally demanding, and complicated. Here we demonstrate how, through understanding the theoretical underpinnings of Guided Participation and perinatal grief intensity, nurses can significantly expand their competence and confidence in their ability to provide highly individualized, supportive, relationship-based perinatal bereavement care. The way that parents respond to a perinatal loss may range from little response to highly intense, long-lasting grief. Read More

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December 2018

Perinatal Bereavement Care.

Authors:
Marianne H Hutti

MCN Am J Matern Child Nurs 2019 Jan/Feb;44(1)

Rana Limbo is Director Emeritus, Resolve Through Sharing, Gundersen Medical Foundation, LaCrosse, WI. Dr. Limbo can be reached via e-mail at Marianne H. Hutti is a Professor, University of Louisville, School of Nursing, Louisville, KY.

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December 2018

Biomarkers for tau pathology.

Mol Cell Neurosci 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Helen Wills Neuroscience Institute, University of California, Berkeley, USA; Molecular Biophysics and Integrated Bioimaging, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA.

The aggregation of fibrils of hyperphosphorylated and C-terminally truncated microtubule-associated tau protein characterizes 80% of all dementia disorders, the most common neurodegenerative disorders. These so-called tauopathies are hitherto not curable and their diagnosis, especially at early disease stages, has traditionally proven difficult. A keystone in the diagnosis of tauopathies was the development of methods to assess levels of tau protein in vivo in cerebrospinal fluid, which has significantly improved our knowledge about these conditions. Read More

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December 2018

Melanocortin 4 receptor activation protects striatal neurons and glial cells from 3-nitropropionic acid toxicity.

Mol Cell Neurosci 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Instituto de Investigaciones Biomédicas (INBIOMED) UBA-CONICET, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Electronic address:

α-Melanocyte stimulating hormone (α-MSH) is a melanocortin which exerts potent anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic effects. Melanocortin 4 receptors (MC4R) are abundantly expressed in the brain and we previously demonstrated that [Nle(4), D-Phe(7)]melanocyte-stimulating hormone (NDP-MSH), an α-MSH analogue, increased expression of brain derived-neurotrophic factor (BDNF), and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPAR-γ). We hypothesized that melanocortins could affect striatal cell survival through BDNF and PPAR-γ. Read More

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December 2018

Review: Fluid biomarkers in the human prion diseases.

Mol Cell Neurosci 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

MRC Prion Unit at University College London (UCL), UCL Institute of Prion Diseases, UCL, London W1W 7FF, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Electronic address:

The human prion diseases are a diverse set of often rapidly progressive neurodegenerative conditions associated with abnormal forms of the prion protein. We review work to establish diagnostic biomarkers and assays that might fill other important roles, particularly those that could assist the planning and interpretation of clinical trials. The field now benefits from highly sensitive and specific diagnostic biomarkers using cerebrospinal fluid: detecting by-products of rapid neurodegeneration or specific functional properties of abnormal prion protein, with the second generation real time quaking induced conversion (RT-QuIC) assay being particularly promising. Read More

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December 2018

Substrate Elasticity Governs Differentiation of Renal Tubule Cells in Prolonged Culture.

Tissue Eng Part A 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Vanderbilt University Medical Center, 12328, Medicine , 1161 21st Avenue South , S3223 MCN , Nashville, Tennessee, United States , 37232-2102 ;

End-stage renal disease afflicts nearly 750,000 Americans and claims over 100,000 lives annually in the United States. Kidney transplantation is associated with longest survival and least cost but is limited by scarcity of donor organs. Most patients are treated with hemodialysis. Read More

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November 2018

Consumer health-related needs of pregnant women and their caregivers.

JAMIA Open 2018 Jul 18;1(1):57-66. Epub 2018 Jun 18.

Department of Surgery, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, 1161 21st Ave S, CCC-4312 MCN, Nashville, Tennessee 37232-2730, USA.

Objectives: To build effective applications, technology designers must understand consumer health needs. Pregnancy is a common health condition, and expectant families have unanswered questions. This study examined consumer health-related needs in pregnant women and caregivers and determined the types of needs that were not met. Read More

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July 2018
3 Reads

A virtual, three-dimensional temporal bone model and its educational value for neurosurgical trainees.

World Neurosurg 2018 Nov 21. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Indiana University School of Medicine, Department of Neurological Surgery, 355 West 16(th) Street, Suite 5100, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: Learning complex neuroanatomy is an arduous yet important task for every neurosurgical trainee. As technology has advanced, various modalities have been created to aid our understanding of anatomy. This study sought to assess the educational value of a virtual, three-dimensional (3D) temporal bone model. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Pancreatic Cysts: Sinister Findings or Incidentalomas?

Med Clin North Am 2019 Jan;103(1):163-172

Medicine, Multidisciplinary Pancreatic Cyst Clinic, The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, 1800 Orleans Street, Room 7125J, Baltimore, MD 21231, USA; Surgery, Multidisciplinary Pancreatic Cyst Clinic, The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, 1800 Orleans Street, Room 7125J, Baltimore, MD 21231, USA; Oncology, Multidisciplinary Pancreatic Cyst Clinic, The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, 1800 Orleans Street, Room 7125J, Baltimore, MD 21231, USA; Radiology, Multidisciplinary Pancreatic Cyst Clinic, The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, 1800 Orleans Street, Room 7125J, Baltimore, MD 21231, USA. Electronic address:

Pancreatic cysts are common and are incidentally detected in up to 13.5% of individuals. Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) and mucinous cystic neoplasm (MCN) are precursors to pancreatic adenocarcinoma. Read More

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January 2019
1 Read

Support for Young Black Urban Women After Perinatal Loss.

MCN Am J Matern Child Nurs 2019 Jan/Feb;44(1):13-19

Kimberly H. Fenstermacher is an Associate Professor of Nursing, Chair, Department of Nursing, Messiah College, Mechanicsburg, PA. The author can be reached via e-mail at Judith E. Hupcey is a Professor of Nursing & Medicine, Associate Dean for Graduate Education & Research, College of Nursing, the Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA.

Purpose: To describe the bereavement support needs of black urban women in late adolescence after perinatal loss.

Study Design And Methods: Eight black women aged 18 to 21 years who had experienced recent perinatal loss were interviewed in person or by telephone at three points in the 12 weeks that followed their loss to describe their perinatal bereavement experience and support needs. Data from the interviews were analyzed using constant comparative analysis. Read More

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January 2020
8 Reads

Normal Complications and Abnormal Assumptions After Prenatal Death.

MCN Am J Matern Child Nurs 2019 Jan/Feb;44(1):6-12

Joanne Cacciatore is an Associate Professor, School of Social Work, Arizona State University, Phoenix, AZ. The author can be reached via e-mail at Kara Thieleman is a Doctoral Student, School of Social Work, Arizona State University, Phoenix, AZ.

There are several ways, clinically, to approach grief after perinatal death, including from a humanistic or a medicalized perspective. The death of a baby is complicated. The loss is an embodied one that incites deep psychological wounds and can be isolating for many parents. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

New Mothers' Experiences with Online Postpartum Forums.

MCN Am J Matern Child Nurs 2019 Jan/Feb;44(1):40-45

Dominique Teaford is a Lecturer, The Valley Foundation School of Nursing, San José State University, San Jose, CA. Susan McNiesh is a Professor Emerita, The Valley Foundation School of Nursing, San José State University, San Jose, CA. Deepika Goyal is a Professor, The Valley Foundation School of Nursing, San José State University, San Jose, CA. The author can be reached via e-mail at

Purpose: To explore women's experiences with an online forum during the postpartum period.

Study Design And Methods: All women involved in an online postpartum "birth club" on Babycenter.com during the first 6 months postpartum were invited to participate in the study. Read More

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November 2018
7 Reads

Cyclo(His-Pro) inhibits NLRP3 inflammasome cascade in ALS microglial cells.

Mol Cell Neurosci 2018 Nov 13;94:23-31. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Department of Experimental Medicine, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy. Electronic address:

Neuroinflammation, i.e. self-propelling progressive cycle of microglial activation and neuron damage, as well as improper protein folding, are recognized as major culprits of neurodegenerative diseases, such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Immediate vs. Delayed Pushing.

MCN Am J Matern Child Nurs 2018 Nov 14. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Kathleen Rice Simpson is a Perinatal Clinical Nurse Specialist in St. Louis, MO, and the Editor-in-Chief of MCN. Dr. Simpson can be reached via e-mail at

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November 2018

Pancreatic cysts or pancreatic cystic neoplasms? An analysis of 145 cases.

Pol Przegl Chir 2018 Jun;90(5):22-26

Uniwersytet Medyczny w Łodzi Uniwersytecki Szpital Kliniczny nr. 1 im. Norberta Barlickiego w Łodzi Klinika Chirurgii Ogólnej i Transplantacyjnej.

Introduction Frequency of detection of pancreatic cystic lesions increased recent years. The majorities are pseudocysts, the remaining cysts are mainly neoplasms. Proven risk of malignancy affects intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMN) and mucinous cystic neoplasms (MCN). Read More

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June 2018
4 Reads

Coexisting Mucinous Cystic Neoplasm of the Pancreas and Type 1 Autoimmune Pancreatitis.

J Pathol Transl Med 2018 Nov 14. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Department of Pathology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Type 1 autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP1) is an IgG4-related systemic disease that mimics tumors. We report a rare case of AIP1 accompanied by mucinous cystic neoplasm (MCN). A pancreatic lesion was incidentally detected in a woman in her 60s. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

See one, do one, teach one: A randomized controlled study evaluating the benefit of autonomy in surgical education.

Am J Surg 2018 Nov 1. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Vanderbilt University Medical Center Department of Surgery, 1161 21st Avenue South D4313 MCN, Nashville, TN, 37232-2730, USA. Electronic address:

Introduction: "See one, do one, teach one" has represented the model for surgical education for over a century, however recent changes in education have reduced autonomy in training. The goal of this study was to assess the impact of autonomy on learning a procedural skill.

Methods: Senior medical students were randomized and trained to performance a vascular anastomosis utilizing progressive autonomy vs. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Case Report: Phantom Sensation - An Underreported Sensory Outcome Following Intercostal-to-Musculocutaneous Nerve Transfer.

World Neurosurg 2018 Nov 8. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta GA; Emory University Department of Neurosurgery, Atlanta GA.

Background: Intercostal-to-musculocutaneous (ICN-MCN) nerve transfer is commonly performed in patients with brachial plexus avulsion injuries. As techniques have improved since its inception in 1963, most patients now experience some level of motor function improvement of their affected arm. While motor outcomes are well described, there is a paucity of literature describing sensory outcomes. Read More

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November 2018

Interaction of nectin-2α with the auxiliary protein of the voltage-gated A-type K channel Kv4.2 dipeptidyl aminopeptidase-like protein at the boundary between the adjacent somata of clustered cholinergic neurons in the medial habenula.

Mol Cell Neurosci 2018 Nov 5;94:32-40. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

Division of Pathogenetic Signaling, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, Hyogo 650-0047, Japan. Electronic address:

The medial habenula (MHb) receives septal inputs and sends efferents to the interpeduncular nucleus and is implicated in stress, depression, memory, and nicotine withdrawal syndrome. We previously showed by immunofluorescence microscopy that the cell adhesion molecule nectin-2α is expressed in the cholinergic neurons in the developing and adult mouse MHbs and localized at the boundary between the adjacent somata of clustered cholinergic neurons where the voltage-gated A-type K channel Kv4.2 is localized. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Ordered Mesoporous C N with a Combined Triazole and Triazine Framework and Its Graphene Hybrids for the Oxygen Reduction Reaction (ORR).

Angew Chem Int Ed Engl 2018 Nov 8. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Global Innovative Center for Advanced Nanomaterials (GICAN), School of Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, The University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW, 2308, Australia.

Mesoporous carbon nitrides (MCN) with C N stoichiometry could find applications in fields ranging from catalysis, sensing, and adsorption-separation to biotechnology. The extension of the synthesis of MCN with different nitrogen contents and chemical structures promises access to a wider range of applications. Herein we prepare mesoporous C N with a combined triazole and triazine framework via a simple self-assembly of 5-amino-1H-tetrazole (5-ATTZ). Read More

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November 2018
10 Reads

Strain differences in hippocampal synaptic dysfunction in the TgCRND8 mouse model of Alzheimer's disease: Implications for improving translational capacity.

Mol Cell Neurosci 2018 Nov 4;94:11-22. Epub 2018 Nov 4.

Division of Neurodegenerative Disorders, St. Boniface Hospital Albrechtsen Research Centre, Winnipeg, MB, Canada R2H 2A6; Department of Pharmacology & Therapeutics, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada R3E 0W3. Electronic address:

In Alzheimer's disease (AD), characterized by cognitive deterioration, synaptic alterations are frequently reported. The TgCRND8 model, in which mice develop AD-like amyloid β plaque formation, has been used to investigate the effects of amyloidosis on synaptic function. Background strain impacts the behavioral and neuropathological phenotype of mice in this model, but whether this extends to synaptic function is unknown. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Biomarkers for diseases with TDP-43 pathology.

Mol Cell Neurosci 2018 Nov 3. Epub 2018 Nov 3.

Department of Neurology, University of Ulm, Ulm, Germany. Electronic address:

The discovery that aggregated transactive response DNA-binding protein 43 kDa (TDP-43) is the major component of pathological ubiquitinated inclusions in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) caused seminal progress in the unveiling of the genetic bases and molecular characteristics of these now so-called TDP-43 proteinopathies. Substantial increase in the knowledge of clinic-pathological coherencies, especially for FTLD variants, could be made in the last decade, but also revealed a considerable complexity of TDP-43 pathology and often a poor correlation of clinical and molecular disease characteristics. To date, an underlying TDP-43 pathology can be predicted only for patients with mutations in the genes C9orf72 and GRN, but is dependent on neuropathological verification in patients without family history, which represent the majority of cases. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

A new function for Prokineticin 2: Recruitment of SVZ-derived neuroblasts to the injured cortex in a mouse model of traumatic brain injury.

Mol Cell Neurosci 2018 Nov 1;94:1-10. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Department of Biochemistry, Laboratory of Neurobiology, Escola Paulista de Medicina, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Rua Pedro de Toledo, 669 - 3o andar, São Paulo, SP 04039-032, Brazil. Electronic address:

Traumatic brain injury is an important cause of global morbidity and mortality. After an initial injury, there is a cascade of cellular and molecular events that ultimately lead to cell death. Therapies aim to both counteract these mechanisms and replenish the lost cell population in order to improve recovery. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

The epithelial-mesenchymal transition induces aggressivity of mucinous cystic neoplasm of the pancreas with neuroendocrine component: An immunohistochemistry study.

Pathol Res Pract 2018 Oct 23. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

Department of Pathology, University of Medicine, Pharmacy, Sciences and Technology, Targu Mures, Romania.

Background: Pancreatic mucinous cystic neoplasms (MCN) are rare tumors that are usually diagnosed in females.

Materials And Methods: In our department, only four of the 109 consecutive cases of pancreatic tumors (3.67%) were diagnosed as MCNs. Read More

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October 2018
11 Reads

Mucin-producing hepatic cystic neoplasms: an uncommon but challenging disease often misdiagnosed and mismanaged.

Acta Chir Belg 2018 Nov 2:1-10. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

a Hepato-Biliary and Pancreatic Surgery, Department of Abdominal Surgery and Transplantation , Cliniques universitaires Saint-Luc, Université catholique de Louvain (UCL) , Brussels , Belgium.

Background: Mucin-producing hepatic cystic neoplasms (MHCN) are uncommon and potentially malignant.

Methods: Nine MHCN were encountered in our centre for over 32 years. Patients' clinical, biological, radiological and pathological features were reviewed. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Tetanic Facilitation of Neuromuscular Transmission by Adenosine A2A and Muscarinic M1 Receptors is Dependent on the Uptake of Choline via High-Affinity Transporters.

Pharmacology 2018 Oct 31;103(1-2):38-49. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutic, State University of Maringá, Maringá, Brazil.

Background/aims: In this study, we evaluated the functional impact of facilitatory presynaptic adenosine A2A and muscarinic M1 receptors in the recovery of neuromuscular tetanic depression caused by the blockage of high-affinity choline transporter (HChT) by hemicholinium-3 (HC-3), a condition that mimics a myasthenia-like condition.

Methods: Rat diaphragm preparations were indirectly stimulated via the phrenic nerve trunk with 50-Hz frequency trains, each consisting of 500-750 supramaximal intensity pulses. The tension at the beginning (A) and at the end (B) of the tetanus was recorded and the ratio (R) B/A calculated. Read More

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October 2018
3 Reads

Idiopathic Cluneal Neuralgia Successfully Treated With Radiofrequency Nerve Ablation: A Case Report.

A A Pract 2018 Oct 26. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

From the Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine, Division of Pain Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota.

Middle cluneal nerve entrapment neuropathy/neuralgia (MCN-EN) is a rare and potentially underdiagnosed etiology for chronic low back pain. Symptoms include pain in the buttock and posterior superior iliac spine area that is increased by activity and direct pressure over the area, and is "neuropathic" in nature. Previous case reports describe successful treatment of MCN-EN with nerve block and/or surgical decompression of the MCN. Read More

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October 2018

First Principles Calculations Toward Understanding SERS of 2,2'-Bipyridyl Adsorbed on Au, Ag, and Au-Ag Nanoalloy.

J Comput Chem 2018 Oct 3. Epub 2018 Oct 3.

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Yokohama National University, 79-5 Tokiwadai, Hodogaya-ku, Yokohama 240-8501, Japan.

First principles electrodyanmics and quantum chemical simulations are performed to gain insights into the underlying mechanisms of the surface enhanced Raman spectra of 22BPY adsorbed on pure Au and Ag as well as on Au-Ag alloy nanodiscs. Experimental SERS spectra from Au and Ag nanodiscs show similar peaks, whereas those from Au-Ag alloy reveal new spectral features. The physical enhancement factors due to surface nano-texture were considered by numerical FDTD simulations of light intensity distribution for the nano-textured Au, Ag, and Au-Ag alloy and compared with experimental results. Read More

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October 2018
2 Reads

Factors associated with recurrence and mortality in central line-associated bloodstream infections: a retrospective cohort study.

Crit Care 2018 Oct 26;22(1):266. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Division of Allergy, Pulmonary, and Critical Care Medicine, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, 1161 21st Ave S., T-1218 MCN, Nashville, 37232-2650, TN, USA.

Background: Central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) are associated with increased mortality, hospital length of stay, and cost. Antimicrobial treatment guidelines for CLABSIs are primarily based on expert opinion. We hypothesized that shorter antimicrobial treatment duration is associated with decreased 60-day recurrence-free survival. Read More

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October 2018
7 Reads

Epidermoid cyst in intrapancreatic accessory spleen: A systematic review.

Pancreatology 2018 Oct 22. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

Department of General Surgery, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences/Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China. Electronic address:

Background/objectives: Due to its rarity, epidermoid cyst in intrapancreatic accessory spleen (ECIPAS) is still a diagnostic dilemma during clinical practice. The aim of this review was to summarize the epidemiologic features and management of ECIPAS.

Methods: MEDLINE and EMBASE were searched for English articles reporting on ECIPAS up to April 30th, 2018 following the methodology suggested by the PRISMA guidelines. Read More

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October 2018
6 Reads

Parenchyma-sparing, local pancreatic head resection for premalignant and low-malignant neoplasms - A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Am J Surg 2018 Dec 16;216(6):1182-1191. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Center for Oncologic, Endocrine and Minimal Invasive Surgery, Donau-Klinikum, Neu-Ulm, Germany.

Background: Parenchyma-sparing, local pancreatic head resection, but not pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) preserves tissue and maintains the pancreatic metabolic functions.

Methods: PubMed/Medline, Embase, and Cochrane library collections were systematically searched. Twenty-six cohort studies with 523 cumulative patients, who underwent duodenum-sparing pancreatic head resection (DPPHR), were retrieved. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Predictors of spontaneous ureteral stone passage in the presence of an indwelling ureteral stent.

Urolithiasis 2018 Oct 22. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

Department of Urologic Surgery, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, A1302 MCN, Nashville, TN, 37212, USA.

Patients presenting acutely with obstructing stones often have a ureteral stent placed as a temporizing solution. Ureteroscopy is then commonly performed in a staged fashion, but occasionally the stone is found to have passed. We aimed to identify the frequency and predictors of ureteral stone passage with a stent in place. Read More

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October 2018
5 Reads

d-Cysteine promotes dendritic development in primary cultured cerebellar Purkinje cells via hydrogen sulfide production.

Mol Cell Neurosci 2018 Dec 19;93:36-47. Epub 2018 Oct 19.

Department of Chemico-Pharmacological Sciences, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kumamoto University, Kumamoto, Japan.

Hydrogen sulfide and reactive sulfur species are regulators of physiological functions, have antioxidant effects against oxidative stresses, and are endogenously generated from l-cysteine. Recently, a novel pathway that generates hydrogen sulfide and reactive sulfur species from d-cysteine has been identified. d-Amino acid oxidase (DAO) is involved in this pathway and, among the various brain regions, is especially abundant in the cerebellum. Read More

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December 2018

Tradescantia as a biomonitor for genotoxicity evaluation of diesel and biodiesel exhaust emissions.

Sci Total Environ 2019 Feb 2;651(Pt 2):2597-2605. Epub 2018 Oct 2.

Centre for Environmental Technologies (CETAM), Universidad Técnica Federico Santa María (UTFSM), Av. España 1680, Valparaíso, Chile; Department of Chemistry, Universidad Técnica Federico Santa María, Av. España 1680, Valparaíso, Chile. Electronic address:

Biodiesel, an alternative energy source, is promoted as cleaner and safer than other fuel options due to its reported reduction of particulate and gaseous emissions (CO, CO, and total hydrocarbons). However, its volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAHs) emissions are key to understanding its toxic, mutagenic and carcinogenic risk factors. This research was developed to assess the genotoxic impact of exhaust emissions using biodiesel from animal fat, palm oil and soybean oil blended with diesel (B80). Read More

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February 2019
5 Reads

Stimulating muscarinic M receptors in the anterior cingulate cortex reduces mechanical hypersensitivity via GABAergic transmission in nerve injury rats.

Brain Res 2018 Oct 16. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Fukuoka University, Fukuoka 814-0180, Japan. Electronic address:

Cholinergic systems modulate synaptic transmission across the neuraxis and play an important role in higher brain function including cognition, arousal and nociception. The anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) is a fundamental brain region for nociception and chronic pain, and receives cholinergic projections mainly from basal forebrain. Recently, we found that the activation of muscarinic M receptors in the ACC produced antinociceptive behavior in response to mechanical stimulation. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Nasal Airway Clearance for Bronchiolitis.

Authors:

MCN Am J Matern Child Nurs 2018 Nov/Dec;43(6):E23-E24

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October 2018
1 Read

Airway Clearance of the Term Newborn.

Authors:

MCN Am J Matern Child Nurs 2018 Nov/Dec;43(6):E21-E22

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October 2018

Predictors of Future Risks of Cardiovascular Disease Based on Pregnancy and Birth Outcomes.

MCN Am J Matern Child Nurs 2018 Nov/Dec;43(6):356

Kathleen Rice Simpson is a Perinatal Clinical Nurse Specialist in St. Louis, MO, and the Editor-in-Chief of MCN. Dr. Simpson can be reached via e-mail at

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October 2018
7 Reads

Excess Under-5 Girl Child Mortality Rates in India.

MCN Am J Matern Child Nurs 2018 Nov/Dec;43(6):351

Lynn Clark Callister is a Professor Emerita, College of Nursing, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT, and an Editorial Board Member of MCN. Dr. Callister can be reached via e-mail at

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October 2018
3 Reads