369 results match your criteria Lymphogranuloma Venereum LGV


Detection of Lymphogranuloma Venereum- associated Chlamydia trachomatis L2 Serovars in Remnant Rectal Specimens Collected from Seven United States Public Health Laboratories.

Sex Transm Dis 2021 Jun 1. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Division of STD Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA Association of Public Health Laboratories, Silver Spring, MD Correspondence and reprints: Ellen N. Kersh, CDC, 1600 Clifton Rd NE Mailstop H23-3; Atlanta, GA 30329; phone 404 639 2728; fax 404 639 4664.

Abstract: The frequency of lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) or invasive Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) infection with serovar L1, L2 or L3 is unknown in the United States. While no diagnostic test is commercially available, we used a laboratory-developed test and detected LGV-associated serovar L2 in 14% of 132 remnant CT-positive rectal swabs. Read More

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Lymphogranuloma venereum: a retrospective analysis of an emerging sexually transmitted disease in a Lisbon Tertiary Center.

J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2021 Apr 25. Epub 2021 Apr 25.

Dermatology Department, Hospital Santo António dos Capuchos, Centro Hospitalar Universitário de Lisboa Central, Lisbon, Portugal.

Background: Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) is a sexual transmitted infection (STI), currently endemic within the population of men who have sex with men (MSM) of Western Countries. L2B variant has been reported as the predominant strain in the current LGV epidemics, although a shift towards L2-434 has been observed in some European countries.

Objectives: To evaluate and characterize the population with LGV infection diagnosed in Centro Hospitalar Universitário de Lisboa Central, Lisbon, Portugal. Read More

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Chlamydia (lymphogranuloma venereum) peritonitis in a male patient.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Apr 14;14(4). Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of General Surgery, University Hospitals Plymouth NHS Trust, Plymouth, UK.

A 49-year-old man presented with a 1-week history of abdominal pain, distension, diarrhoea and fatigue. CT of the abdomen and pelvis revealed peritonitis with no identifiable cause. Diagnostic laparoscopy was performed, which excluded gastrointestinal perforation. Read More

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Lymphogranuloma venereum as a cause of persistent perianal ulcers.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Feb 4;14(2). Epub 2021 Feb 4.

Division of HIV, Infectious Diseases and Global Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA.

Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) has been increasingly reported, and many clinicians are familiar with it as a cause of proctocolitis or inguinal adenopathy. On the other hand, LGV is less commonly considered as a cause of isolated genital ulcerative disease in comparison to other etiologies such as syphilis or herpes simplex. We report a case of persistent perianal ulcerations due to LGV in an HIV-positive patient, confirmed by nucleic acid amplification testing. Read More

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February 2021

Transcontinental dissemination of the L2b/D-Da recombinant Chlamydia trachomatis Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) strain: need of broad multi-country molecular surveillance.

Clin Infect Dis 2021 Jan 29. Epub 2021 Jan 29.

National Institute of Health Dr. Ricardo Jorge, Lisbon, Portugal.

Previously, we identified a Chlamydia trachomatis Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) recombinant strain possessing a unique non-LGV ompA genotype. Here, culture-independent genome sequencing confirms its circulation in Europe, Middle East and North America, and unveils genetic evidence of emergence of antibiotic resistance. Multi-country and systematic molecular surveillance is needed. Read More

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January 2021

Delayed diagnosis of lymphogranuloma venereum in a hospital setting - a retrospective observational study.

Int J STD AIDS 2021 May 26;32(6):517-522. Epub 2021 Jan 26.

Department of Internal Medicine, 10215OLVG, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Objective: The incidence of lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) in Europe is increasing. However, diagnosing LGV in a hospital setting is rare. We analysed the diagnostic process and clinical characteristics of patients with LGV in a hospital setting. Read More

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Effective treatment of Lymphogranuloma venereum proctitis with Azithromycin.

Clin Infect Dis 2021 Jan 19. Epub 2021 Jan 19.

Dermatology Department - ISGlobal. Hospital Clinic de Barcelona, IDIBAPS, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

Background: Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) is a sexually transmitted infection caused by Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) serovars L1, L2, and L3 and is endemic among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Europe. We evaluated weekly oral Azithromycin 1 g for 3 weeks as a treatment for LGV proctitis.

Methods: This is an open clinical trial with convenience allocation according to treating physician preferences. Read More

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January 2021

Single-Dose Azithromycin for Genital Lymphogranuloma Venereum Biovar Chlamydia trachomatis Infection in HIV-Infected Women in South Africa: An Observational Study.

Sex Transm Dis 2021 02;48(2):e15-e17

From the Foundation for Professional Development, Research Unit, East London.

Abstract: We conducted an observational study of lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) biovar Chlamydia trachomatis infection in HIV-infected women in South Africa. The LGV biovar was detected in vaginal specimens of 17 (20%) of 85 women with C. trachomatis infection; 29% were symptomatic. Read More

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February 2021

[Lymphogranuloma venereum, an STI that is sometimes recognized late in secondary care].

Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 2020 11 19;164. Epub 2020 Nov 19.

OLVG, afd. Interne Geneeskunde, Amsterdam.

Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) is an invasive sexually transmitted infection caused by Chlamydia trachomatis genotypes L1, L2 and L3. Until recently, LGV was rarely seen in developed countries. However, an outbreak of LGV infections in Europe amongst men who have sex with men (MSM) has been reported in the past decades. Read More

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November 2020

Use of a Multiplex PCR Assay To Assess the Presence of Treponema pallidum in Mucocutaneous Ulcerations in Patients with Suspected Syphilis.

J Clin Microbiol 2021 Jan 21;59(2). Epub 2021 Jan 21.

INSERM, Institut Cochin U1016-CNRS UMR8104, Université Sorbonne Paris Descartes, Paris, France

We evaluated the utility of the commercial Allplex genital ulcer real-time PCR multiplex assay for detecting , herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) and 2 (HSV-2), and serovar L (lymphogranuloma venereum [LGV]) DNA in mucosal and genital ulcers in the context of suspected syphilis. In total, 374 documented genital and mucosal ulcers from patients with and without syphilis presenting at several sexually transmitted infection (STI) centers in France from October 2010 to December 2016 were analyzed at the National Reference Center (CNR) for Bacterial STIs at Cochin Hospital in Paris. subsp. Read More

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January 2021

Resurgence of Lymphogranuloma Venereum: A Disease Dermatologists Need to Know About.

Actas Dermosifiliogr (Engl Ed) 2021 May 27;112(5):453-457. Epub 2020 Oct 27.

Servicio de Dermatología, Hospital General Universitario de Valencia, Valencia, España.

The incidence of lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) -a sexually transmitted infection (STI) produced by the L1, L2, and L3 serovars of Chlamydia trachomatis- is increasing. The 8 patients in this case series were diagnosed with LGV in the STI unit of our dermatology department. Our patients were younger than those in previously published case series, and on presentation they most often complained of tumorous masses (lymphadenopathy) in the groin. Read More

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Lymphogranuloma venereum genovariants in men having sex with men in Italy.

Sex Transm Infect 2020 Oct 26. Epub 2020 Oct 26.

Microbiology, DIMES, University of Bologna, Bologna, Emilia-Romagna, Italy.

Objectives: Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) is an STI caused by serovars L1-L3. In Europe, the current epidemic is caused mainly by L2b genovariant, although increasing cases associated with other L2 variants have been reported. Here, we assessed the distribution of rectal LGV genovariants among men having sex with men (MSM) in Italy. Read More

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October 2020

Did Pre-exposure Prophylaxis Roll-Out Influence the Epidemic of Rectal Lymphogranuloma Venereum in Belgium? Results From the National Surveillance System.

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 2021 Jan;86(1):e1-e5

Department of Clinical Sciences, Institute of Tropical Medicine, HIV/STI Unit, Antwerp, Belgium.

Background: An increase of lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) in HIV negative men who have sex with men is reported in several European countries including Belgium before the implementation of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP).

Setting: The epidemiological characteristics of the male rectal LGV epidemic in Belgium were explored before and after the introduction of PrEP.

Methods: Segmented regression models were used to examine a change in trends before and after the introduction of PrEP in the male rectal LGV epidemic in Belgium and among men attending a large HIV/sexually transmitted infection clinic in Antwerp, Belgium. Read More

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January 2021

Lymphogranuloma Venereum in a Public Health Service Hospital in Southern Spain: A Clinical and Epidemiologic Study.

Actas Dermosifiliogr (Engl Ed) 2020 Nov 29;111(9):743-751. Epub 2020 Aug 29.

Unidad de Investigación, Empresa Pública Hospital Costa del Sol, Marbella, Málaga, España.

Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) is an emerging disease in men who have sex with men (MSM): the incidence was 1.15 cases per 100,000 population in Spain in 2017. Patients with LGV characteristically have severe proctitis that can cause abscesses, fistulas, and anal stenosis. Read More

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November 2020

Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) of the anorectum: evaluation of clinicopathological associations and the utility of a novel RNA in-situ hybridisation stain.

Histopathology 2021 Feb 14;78(3):392-400. Epub 2020 Oct 14.

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Aims: Recent studies from multiple global regions have reported a resurgence of lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) proctitis, which is caused by Chlamydia trachomatis (CT). LGV proctitis is histologically indistinguishable from other forms of sexually transmitted proctitis and is difficult to differentiate from inflammatory bowel disease. While immunohistochemical stains are available for syphilis, there is no commonly available stain for the tissue identification of CT. Read More

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February 2021

Evaluation of four commercial real-time PCR assays for the detection of lymphogranuloma venereum in Chlamydia trachomatis-positive anorectal samples.

Clin Microbiol Infect 2021 Jun 6;27(6):909.e1-909.e5. Epub 2020 Aug 6.

National Reference Centre for Bacterial Sexually Transmitted Infections, Department of Bacteriology, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France; USC EA 3671, Univ. Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France.

Objectives: Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) genovars L. The identification of LGV is of therapeutic interest because treatment requires 3 weeks of doxycycline compared with 1 week for infection with a non-L strain. The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of four commercial real-time PCR kits in comparison with the reference methods used for LGV diagnosis by the French National Reference Centre (NRC) for bacterial STIs. Read More

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Investigating the decline in Lymphogranuloma venereum diagnoses in men who have sex with men in the United Kingdom since 2016: an analysis of surveillance data.

Sex Health 2020 Aug;17(4):344-351

National Infection Service, Public Health England, 61 Colindale Avenue, London, NW9 5EQ, UK.

Background Following an upward trajectory in Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) diagnoses in the UK from 2004 to 2016, with annual diagnoses increasing from 28 to 904, diagnoses fell to 641 in 2017; this was inconsistent with the upward trend in other bacterial sexually transmissible infections (STIs) between 2016 and 2017. An analysis of surveillance data from multiple sources to investigate the possible factors contributing to this decline in LGV was performed.

Methods: LGV tests and diagnoses in the UK from 2004 to 2018 were captured through laboratory data from the LGV Reference Laboratories and laboratories conducting in-house LGV testing. Read More

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Reduction of non-typeable results using a plasmid oriented Lymfogranuloma venereum PCR for typing of Chlamydia trachomatis positive samples.

PLoS One 2020 4;15(6):e0233990. Epub 2020 Jun 4.

Public Health Laboratory (GGD) Amsterdam, Department of infectious diseases, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Objectives: Typing of Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) is traditionally performed by characterising the ompA gene, resulting in more than a dozen different genovars, A to L. Type L is associated with Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) and commonly screened for using PCR, targeting the chromosomal pmpH gene. We aimed to develop and validate a new CT/LGV plasmid-based typing assay targeting the pgp3 gene, to increase sensitivity and thus reduce the number of non-typeable results. Read More

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Prevalence of lymphogranuloma venereum among anorectal -positive MSM using pre-exposure prophylaxis for HIV.

Sex Transm Infect 2020 Dec 17;96(8):615-617. Epub 2020 Apr 17.

Univ. Bordeaux, USC EA3671, Mycoplasmal and Chlamydial Infections in Humans, Bordeaux, France.

Objectives: We evaluated the prevalence of lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) in anorectal -positive French men who have sex with men (MSM) using pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for HIV. Here, we describe the clinical, biological and behavioural characteristics of these patients.

Methods: Laboratories throughout French metropolitan areas performing routine testing for sent positive anorectal specimens to the National Reference Centre for bacterial STIs for LGV real-time PCR targeting the H gene. Read More

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December 2020

Increasing trends of lymphogranuloma venereum among HIV-negative and asymptomatic men who have sex with men, the Netherlands, 2011 to 2017.

Euro Surveill 2020 04;25(14)

Centre of Infectious Disease Control, National Institute for Public Health and Environment, Bilthoven, the Netherlands.

IntroductionLymphogranuloma venereum (LGV), an invasive form of infection, has been reported among (mainly HIV-positive) men who have sex with men (MSM) since 2003. In the Netherlands, LGV testing recommendations changed from selective to universal testing in 2015. Changes in tested populations could have led to incomparable LGV positivity rates over time. Read More

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Evaluation of 2 Commercial Assays for the Detection of Lymphogranuloma Venereum in Rectal Samples.

Sex Transm Dis 2020 03;47(3):162-164

From the Unidad Clínica de Enfermedades Infecciosas y MicrobiologÍa (UCEIM), Valme University Hospital.

Background: The early identification of the Chlamydia trachomatis variants that cause lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) is very important to establish an adequate antibiotic treatment. This identification should be made with molecular techniques that are easy to perform and accessible to most microbiology laboratories. The objective of this study was to evaluate 2 real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based assay (VIASURE Haemophilus ducreyi + C. Read More

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Propagation and Purification of Serovar L2 Transformants and Mutants.

Bio Protoc 2019 Dec 20;9(24):e3459. Epub 2019 Dec 20.

Microbiology and Immunology, University of Iowa, Carver College of Medicine, Iowa City, U.S.A.

) is an obligate intracellular pathogen that cannot be cultured axenically and must be propagated within eukaryotic host cells. There are at least 15 distinct chlamydial serovariants that belong to 2 major biovars commonly referred to as trachoma and lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV). The invasive chlamydia LGV serovar L2 is the most widely used experimental model for studying biology and infection and is the only strain with reliable genetic tools available. Read More

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December 2019

Chlamydia-Induced Reactive Arthritis: Disappearing Entity or Lack of Research?

Curr Rheumatol Rep 2019 11 19;21(11):63. Epub 2019 Nov 19.

School of Medicine, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Recent studies regarding the frequency of Chlamydia-induced reactive arthritis (ReA) are reviewed, with a focus on the question of whether the entity is in fact disappearing or whether it is simply being underdiagnosed/underreported. Epidemiological reports indicate diversity in the frequency of Chlamydia-associated ReA in various parts of the world, with evidence of declining incidence in some regions.

Recent Findings: The hypothesis that early effective treatment with antibiotics prevents the manifestation of Chlamydia-associated ReA requires further investigation. Read More

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November 2019

Epidemiology of lymphogranuloma venereum in New South Wales, 2006-2015.

Commun Dis Intell (2018) 2019 Nov 18;43. Epub 2019 Nov 18.

Communicable Diseases Branch, Health Protection NSW, NSW Health, North Sydney, New South Wales.

Aim: To describe the epidemiology of lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) in New South Wales (NSW) from 2006 to 2015.

Methods: LGV notification data between 2006 and 2015 from New South Wales were analysed to describe time trends in counts and rates by gender, age group and area of residence, as well as anatomical sites of infection. A positivity ratio was calculated using the number of LGV notifications per 100 anorectal chlamydia notifications per year. Read More

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November 2019

: when the virulence-associated genome backbone imports a prevalence-associated major antigen signature.

Microb Genom 2019 11;5(11)

Bioinformatics Unit, Department of Infectious Diseases, National Institute of Health, Lisbon, Portugal.

is the most prevalent sexually transmitted bacterium worldwide and the causative agent of trachoma. Its strains are classified according to their genotypes, which are strongly linked to differential tissue tropism and disease outcomes [ocular disease, urogenital disease and lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV)]. While the genome-based species phylogenetic tree presents four main clades correlating with tropism/prevalence, namely ocular, LGV, urogenital T1 (more prevalent genotypes) and urogenital T2 (less prevalent genotypes), inter-clade exchange of is considered a rare phenomenon probably mediating marked tropism alterations. Read More

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November 2019

Cervical and Oropharyngeal Lymphogranuloma Venereum: Case Report and Literature Review.

Sex Transm Dis 2019 10;46(10):689-692

From the Infectious Diseases Unit, Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón.

Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) is a sexually transmitted infection caused by invasive serovars of Chlamydia trachomatis. There have been only a few case reports of oropharyngeal C. trachomatis infection complicated with cervical LGV. Read More

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October 2019

2019 European guideline on the management of lymphogranuloma venereum.

J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2019 Oct 26;33(10):1821-1828. Epub 2019 Jun 26.

WHO Collaborating Centre for Gonorrhoea and Other Sexually Transmitted Infections, Faculty of Medicine and Health, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.

New or important issues in this updated version of the 2013 European guideline on the management of lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV): EPIDEMIOLOGY: Lymphogranuloma venereum continues to be endemic among European men who have sex with men (MSM) since 2003. Lymphogranuloma venereum infections in heterosexuals are extremely rare in Europe, and there is no evidence of transmission of LGV in the European heterosexual population.

Aetiology And Transmission: Chlamydia trachomatis serovars/genovars L2b and L2 are the causative strains in the majority of cases in Europe. Read More

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October 2019