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    Rare Case of Pancreatic Cystic Lymphangioma.
    Intern Med 2017 Nov 20. Epub 2017 Nov 20.
    Department of Internal medicine, Okayama Saiseikai General Hospital, Japan.
    Pancreatic cystic lymphangioma is an extremely rare tumor. The characteristic imaging findings are poorly defined, and distinguishing between this disease and other pancreatic cyst-related tumors is very difficult. We herein report a case of a Japanese woman in her 50s with this lesion, located in the tail of the pancreas. Read More

    [Lymphangioma of the breast: about a case].
    Pan Afr Med J 2017 13;28:23. Epub 2017 Sep 13.
    Département de Chirurgie, Cliniques Universitaires de Lubumbashi, Faculté de Médecine, Université de Lubumbashi, Lubumbashi, Republique Démocratique du Congo.
    Lymphangioma is a benign lesion of the lymphatic vessels. It is a rare paediatric condition and it is exceptional among adults. It mainly occurs in the neck, armpit and abdomen. Read More

    Natural Course of Fetal Axillary Lymphangioma Based on Prenatal Ultrasound Studies.
    J Ultrasound Med 2017 Nov 9. Epub 2017 Nov 9.
    Departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
    This series and literature review aimed to prenatally characterize the nature of axillary lymphangioma. A total of 30 cases, including our 5 cases, were analyzed. Insights gained from this review are as follows: Septate and nonseptate cysts seem to be different entities. Read More

    Splenic lymphangioma in an adult.
    Saudi Med J 2017 Nov;38(11):1148-1152
    Department of Pathology, Salmaniya Medical Complex, Ministry of Health, Manama, Bahrain, E-mail.
    Splenic lymphangiomas are exceedingly rare benign neoplasms that occur mainly in children. They are commonly seen in the neck and axillary region. Abdominal lymphangiomas accounts for less than 5% of cases. Read More

    Systemic Cystic Angiomatosis Mimicking Metastatic Cancer: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.
    Case Rep Med 2017 11;2017:5032630. Epub 2017 Sep 11.
    Department of Hematology and Oncology, Maimonides Cancer Center, Brooklyn, NY, USA.
    Systemic cystic angiomatosis is a rare benign disorder due to the maldeveloped vascular and lymphatic system with less than 50 cases reported in literature so far. We report here a case of systemic cystic angiomatosis (SCA) with multisystem involvement affecting the neck, thyroid, thoracic cavity, and skeletal system. The patient initially presented in her 4th decade of life with isolated lymphangioma in the neck requiring surgery. Read More

    Cystic intra-abdominal masses in children.
    Pediatr Rep 2017 Oct 6;9(3):7284. Epub 2017 Oct 6.
    Division of Pediatric General, Thoracic and Minimally Invasive Surgery, AOU Città della Salute e della Scienza, Regina Margherita Children's Hospital, Torino, Italy.
    Benign intra-abdominal cystic masses in infancy are fairly uncommon and their etiopathogenesis, histology and clinical presentation differ significantly. Our aim is to report our experience in their treatment in order to discuss the best diagnostic and treatment modality. The medical records of 5 children (2M, 3F) with cystic intraabdominal masses referred to our hospital between November 2012 and September 2016, were retrospectively reviewed. Read More

    Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Negative-Associated Lymphangioma-like Kaposi's Sarcoma with Variable Clinical PresentationsA Case Report.
    J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 2017 Sep;107(5):461-466
    Lymphangioma-like Kaposi's sarcoma (LLKS) is a rare histologic variant of KS. Kaposi's sarcoma is also known as human herpesvirus type 8. The clinical presentation of the LLKS lesion is highly unusual and similar to that of classic KS but with multinodular vascular tumors and lymphedema. Read More

    Spontaneous Regression of Lymphangiomas in a Single Center Over 34 Years.
    Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2017 Sep 25;5(9):e1501. Epub 2017 Sep 25.
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Lymph Clinic, Saitama Children's Medical Center, Saitma, Japan; Department of Pediatric Surgery, Saitama Children's Medical Center, Saitma, Japan; and Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.
    Background: A lymphangioma, also called a lymphatic malformation, is a congenital condition that frequently occurs in young children. It is classified into 3 groups depending on the size of the cysts (macrocystic, microcystic, and mixed). Spontaneous regression occurs in some cases; however, the characteristics of patients who show regression have not been studied previously. Read More

    Evaluation of lymphatic vessel dilatations by anterior segment swept-source optical coherence tomography: case report.
    BMC Ophthalmol 2017 Oct 23;17(1):194. Epub 2017 Oct 23.
    Faculty of Medicine Department of Ophthalmology, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary.
    Background: Conjunctival lymphangiectasia is a rare condition presumably caused by the obstruction of lymphatic channels or by an abnormal connection between conjunctival lymphatic and blood vessels. Diagnosis is based on clinical appearance and histology. We report a case of conjunctival lymphangiectasia in which anterior segment optical coherence tomography (OCT) was used to assist the diagnosis and the planning of the biopsy location. Read More

    Large cystic lympangioma of the pancreas: a case reportum.
    Ann R Coll Surg Engl 2017 Oct 19:e1-e3. Epub 2017 Oct 19.
    Department of Surgical Gastroenterology, Sakra World Hospital, Bengaluru , Karnataka , India.
    Lymphangioma of the pancreas is rare and presents as a large cystic mass in the retroperitoneum. The pancreatic origin can be confirmed by careful evaluation of cross sectional imaging. Preoperative differentiation from other pancreatic cystic neoplasms is difficult but possible. Read More

    Inconsistency in classifying vascular anomalies: What's in a name?
    Pediatr Blood Cancer 2017 Oct 8. Epub 2017 Oct 8.
    Division of Pediatric Hematology Oncology, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, North Carolina.
    Background: Vascular anomalies are a heterogeneous group of disorders seen in children and adults. A standard nomenclature for classification has been offered by the International Society for the Study of Vascular Anomalies. Its application is important for communication among the multiple specialties involved in the care of patients and for planning treatment, as well as for research and billing. Read More

    Cystic lymphangioma of the lesser omentum in a pregnant woman: a case report and review of the literature.
    J Exp Ther Oncol 2017 Sep;11(2):155-158
    Department of Clinics Pathalogy, Ankara Numune Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.
    Objective: Lymphangiomas are rare benign tumors which are generally seen in pediatric population and the etiopathogenesis has not yet been understood. They occasionally occur in the head and neck or axillary region with only 5% of them being located in the abdominal or mediastinal cavity. These tumors may be asymptomatic or may cause acute abdominal symptoms due to the location and extention. Read More

    Cavernous lymphangioma of the tongue in an adult: a case report.
    J Istanb Univ Fac Dent 2017 3;51(2):49-53. Epub 2017 Apr 3.
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Faculty of Dentistry Istanbul University Turkey.
    Lymphangioma is a benign hamartomatous lesion caused by congenital malformation of the lymphatic system. This benign tumor is detected most commonly at birth or in early childhood but rarely in adults. On clinical examination, most lymphangiomas contain clear lymph fluid, but some may present as transparent vesicles containing red blood cells due to hemorrhage. Read More

    Acquired progressive lymphangioma: Case report with partial response to imiquimod 5% cream.
    Pediatr Dermatol 2017 Nov 21;34(6):e302-e304. Epub 2017 Sep 21.
    Department of Dermatology, School of Medicine, Marmara University, Istanbul, Turkey.
    Acquired progressive lymphangioma (APL), or benign lymphangioendothelioma, is an unusual entity derived from vascular structures. Clinically and histopathologically it may resemble Kaposi's sarcoma and well-differentiated angiosarcoma, causing a diagnostic problem. We report an individual with APL initially diagnosed with Kaposi's sarcoma who underwent unnecessary laboratory testing. Read More

    An acute presentation of pediatric mesenteric lymphangioma: a case report and literature overview.
    Acta Chir Belg 2017 Sep 19:1-5. Epub 2017 Sep 19.
    a Departments of General Surgery , Mariaziekenhuis , Overpelt , Belgium.
    Introduction: Lymphangioma accounts for 5% of benign pediatric tumors and less than 1% is located in the abdomen. While mesenteric lymphatic malformation or mesenteric lymphangioma (ML), mostly appears asymptomatic in adults, an acute clinical presentation is seen more often in children. Symptoms can mimic obstruction or peritonitis and diagnosis can therefore be challenging. Read More

    Treatment of Tongue Lymphangioma with Intralesional Combination Injection of Steroid, Bleomycin and Bevacizumab.
    Arch Craniofac Surg 2017 Mar 25;18(1):54-58. Epub 2017 Mar 25.
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Kyung Hee University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
    Lymphangioma is a congenital malformed lymphatic tumor that rarely involves the tongue. In our clinic, a 10-year-old female presented with lymphangioma circumscriptum involving the right two-thirds of the tongue. We administered an intralesional combination injection of triamcinolone, bleomycin, and bevacizumab as a treatment. Read More

    A rare case of giant mesenteric cystic lymphangioma of the small bowel in an adult: A case presentation and literature review.
    Acta Gastroenterol Belg 2016 Sep-Dec;79(3):491-493
    Background : Lymphangiomas are tumours that are often found in the head and neck in children and, rarely, in adults. Among all lymphangiomas in adults, the small bowel mesentery type accounts for less than 1%. We aim to present a rare case of small bowel symptomatic cystic lymphangioma in an adult patient, as well as its diagnosis and subsequent treatment. Read More

    Malignant perivascular epithelioid cell tumor of the orbit: Report of a case and review of literature.
    Indian J Ophthalmol 2017 Sep;65(9):889-891
    Department of Ocular Pathology, Sankara Nethralaya, Medical Research Foundation, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
    Perivascular epithelioid cell tumor (PEComa) is a rare neoplasm considered to arise from myomelanocytic cell lineage. The uterus is reportedly the most common site to be involved. Orbital PEComa is extremely rare with only two cases reported till date. Read More

    When Fever, Leukocytosis, and Right Lower Quadrant Pain Is Not Appendicitis.
    Pediatr Emerg Care 2017 Sep;33(9):e46-e47
    From the *Emergency Medicine Attending, and †Division of Emergency Medicine, Maimonides Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY.
    Mesenteric cystic lymphangioma (MCL) is an uncommon, benign, slow-growing abdominal tumor that is derived from the lymphatic vessels (World J Gastroenterol. 2012;18:6328-6332, Radiographics. 1994;14:729-737). Read More

    A Rare Cause of Dyspnea: Cervicothoracic Cystic Lymphangioma.
    J Craniofac Surg 2017 Oct;28(7):e706-e707
    *Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, St Vincent's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea †Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Incheon St Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
    I read with great interest the article reported by Efe et al in Journal of Cranofacial Surgery (2016;27:1802-1803), presenting the excellent result obtained by the use of sclerotherapy with single-dose OK-432 in a growing cervical lymphangioma. Cervicothoracic lymphangioma is a rare congenital anomaly that is mostly asymptomatic. We would like to share our experience of a rare cause of dyspnea by lymphangioma. Read More

    Transient Reactive Eruptive Lymphangiectasia Following Partial Vulvectomy for Chronic Acquired Lymphangioma.
    Skinmed 2017 1;15(4):311-313. Epub 2017 Aug 1.
    Division of Dermatologic Surgery and Dermatopathology, Department of Dermatology, Buffalo Medical Group, Buffalo, NY.
    A 64-year-old white woman was originally diagnosed with histiocytic lymphoma in 1977. She had bilateral lymph node biopsies of the groin, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy after her diagnosis had been confirmed pathologically. She was treated with prednisone and vincristine. Read More

    Current status, pitfalls and future directions in the diagnosis and therapy of lymphatic malformation.
    J Biophotonics 2017 Aug 29. Epub 2017 Aug 29.
    Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, Arkansas.
    Lymphatic malformations are complex congenital vascular lesions composed of dilated, abnormal lymphatic channels of varying size that can result in significant esthetic and physical impairment due to relentless growth. Lymphatic malformations comprised of micro-lymphatic channels (microcystic) integrate and infiltrate normal soft tissue, leading to a locally invasive mass. Ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging assist in the diagnosis but are unable to detect microvasculature present in microcystic lymphatic malformations. Read More

    Cardiac Lymphangioma Encasing Right Coronary Artery in an Infant.
    Ann Thorac Surg 2017 Sep;104(3):e279-e281
    Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Children's Hospital of Michigan, Detroit, Michigan.
    Cardiac lymphangioma is a rare primary benign tumor of the heart. We report a 3-year-old with cystic lymphangioma encasing the right coronary artery. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging confirmed a intra-pericardial heterogeneous mass measuring 2. Read More

    Isolated cranio-orbitofacial neurofibroma mimicking vascular malformation.
    Orbit 2017 Aug 18:1-4. Epub 2017 Aug 18.
    d Dept. of Ophthalmology , School of Medicine, University of California, Davis , Sacramento , California , USA.
    Isolated neurofibromas in the absence of systemic neurofibromatosis are known as solitary or localized neurofibromas. When present in the orbit, these lesions may appear clinically and radiographically similar to other tumors, complicating diagnosis and management. Key radiographic signs may guide clinicians to the correct diagnosis when the presentation and patient demographic data obfuscate the disease entity. Read More

    [Perirenal cystic lymphangioma in an adult: a case report and literature review].
    Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2017 Aug;49(4):730-732
    Department of Urology, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing 100191, China.
    Lymphangioma is a rare, benign mesenchymal neoplasm, which is characterized by numerous intercommunicating cystic spaces containing lymphatic fluid. It is considered a congenital disease resulting from the obstruction of regional lymph drainage during the developmental period. Lymphangioma frequently occurs in the cervical neck and axilla, also in the retroperitoneum, mediastinum, mesentery, omentum, colon, and pelvis, rarely in the perirenal space. Read More

    Fibroepithelial polyp of the vulva accompanied by lymphangioma circumscriptum.
    Obstet Gynecol Sci 2017 Jul 14;60(4):401-404. Epub 2017 Jul 14.
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, CHA Bundang Medical Center, CHA University, Seongnam, Korea.
    Fibroepithelial polyp (FEP) and lymphangioma circumscriptum (LC) of the vulva are rare diseases that occur generally in young to middle-aged women. The pathogenesis of FEP is not clearly understood. Several previous cases have suggested that a hormonal influence may be a predisposing condition for developing FEP with or without chronic inflammation. Read More

    Small Intestinal Lymphangioma Presenting as an Acute Abdomen with Relevant Review of Literature.
    J Clin Diagn Res 2017 Jun 1;11(6):PD01-PD02. Epub 2017 Jun 1.
    Professor, Department of Paediatric Surgery, IMS BHU, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India.
    Cystic lymphangioma of small bowel mesentery is rare with clinical features ranging from an asymptomatic abdominal lump to acute intestinal obstruction. We discuss two cases of lymphangioma of small bowel mesentery who presented to us as acute intestinal obstruction. In the first case exploratory laparotomy revealed a large multicystic lesion arising from small bowel mesentery just distal to the duodenojejunal junction having multiple small cysts filled with milky white fluid. Read More

    Multiple Verrucous Hemangiomas: A Case Report with New Therapeutic Insight.
    Indian Dermatol Online J 2017 Jul-Aug;8(4):254-256
    Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprosy, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER) and Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital, New Delhi, India.
    Verrucous hemangioma is an uncommon congenital vascular malformation, which may clinically masquerade angiokeratoma, lymphangioma circumscriptum, or malignant melanoma. Differentiation is essential owing to varied therapeutic and prognostic implications. We present a rare case of multiple verrucous hemangiomas in a teenage girl who presented with multiple warty lesions over the dorsal aspect of the left foot since birth. Read More

    The Public Health Burden of Lymphatic Malformations in Children: National Estimates in the United States, 2000-2009.
    Lymphat Res Biol 2017 Sep 31;15(3):241-245. Epub 2017 Jul 31.
    3 Pediatric Urology, Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Duke University Medical Center , Durham, North Carolina.
    Objective: Describe inpatient resource utilization trends in children with lymphatic malformations using a national database.

    Data Source: Kids' inpatient database, years 2000-2009.

    Methods: Subjects included children 18 years and under with International Classification of Diseases (ICD), 9th revision code: 228. Read More

    Dermoscopy of lymphangioma circumscriptum: A morphological study of 45 cases.
    Australas J Dermatol 2017 Jul 28. Epub 2017 Jul 28.
    Department of Dermatology, General University Hospital of Alicante, Alicante, Spain.
    Background/objectives: The dermoscopy of lymphangioma circumscriptum, also known as superficial lymphatic malformation, remains to be clarified.

    Methods: Digital dermoscopic images of 45 histopathologically confirmed cases of lymphangioma circumscriptum collected from nine hospitals in Spain, Italy and Turkey were evaluated for the presence of dermoscopic structures and patterns.

    Results: Our study shows that the most common structure found in lymphangioma circumscriptum was the presence of lacunae (89% of cases). Read More

    Neonatal solid tumors.
    Pediatr Neonatol 2017 Jul 11. Epub 2017 Jul 11.
    Meenakshi Mission Hospital and Research Centre, Madurai, India. Electronic address:
    Background: Neonatal tumors are different from tumors of the older children and knowledge gained from treating older children can not be extrapolated to neonates. Neonates have immature physiology and their haematopoietic and immune systems are not fully developed and the response to therapy is unpredictable. Hence it is imperative to study these tumors as separate entity. Read More

    A large retroperitoneal lymphatic malformation successfully treated with traditional Japanese Kampo medicine in combination with surgery.
    Surg Case Rep 2017 Dec 17;3(1):80. Epub 2017 Jul 17.
    Department of Pediatric Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba, 305-8575, Ibaraki, Japan.
    Background: Current treatment options for lymphatic malformations (LMs) are multimodal. Recently, the effectiveness of treating LMs with Eppikajyutsuto (TJ-28) has been reported. TJ-28 is a kind of oral herbal medicine classified as the traditional Japanese Kampo medicine. Read More

    [Ectopic thymus: A rare cause of neck mass in children].
    Arch Pediatr 2017 Aug 8;24(8):743-746. Epub 2017 Jul 8.
    Service ORL et chirurgie cervico-faciale, CHU Habib-Bourguiba 3029 Sfax, Tunisie.
    Introduction: Ectopic cervical thymus (ECT) is a rare embryological abnormality in children. It can be revealed by a compressive neck mass mistaken for a malignant tumor. Through a new case of ECT, we review the embryopathogenesis, diagnostic difficulties and therapeutic features. Read More

    Microbubbles in macrocysts - Contrast-enhanced ultrasound assisted sclerosant therapy of a congenital macrocystic lymphangioma: a case report.
    BMC Med Imaging 2017 Jul 6;17(1):39. Epub 2017 Jul 6.
    Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, University Hospital of Erlangen, Loschgestrasse 15, D-91054, Erlangen, Germany.
    Background: Congenital cystic lymphangiomas are benign malformations due to a developmental disorder of lymphatic vessels. Besides surgical excision, sclerosant therapy of these lesions by intracavitary injection of OK-432 (Picibanil®), a lyophilized mixture of group A Streptococcus pyogenes, is a common therapeutical option. For an appropriate application of OK-432, a detailed knowledge about the structure and composition of the congenital cystic lymphangioma is essential. Read More

    An Uncommon Case of Cervical Thymopharyngeal Duct Cyst.
    J Clin Diagn Res 2017 May 1;11(5):PD01-PD02. Epub 2017 May 1.
    Head, Department of Paediatric Surgery, Karamandaneion Children's Hospital, Patras, Achaia, Greece.
    Thymopharyngeal duct cyst is one of the most uncommon benign cervical lesions encountered in the paediatric population. Due to its rarity, it almost always escapes a correct preoperative diagnosis and is usually misdiagnosed as a branchial cyst or lymphangioma. Furthermore, although located at the neck it may present with retrosternal or mediastinal extension. Read More

    Large Omental Cystic Lymphangioma Masquerading as Mucinous Ovarian Neoplasia in an 8-Year-Old Premenarchal Girl: The Findings from Diagnostic Imaging and Laparoscopic-Assisted Excision.
    J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol 2017 Dec 16;30(6):659-662. Epub 2017 Jun 16.
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Gifu Prefectural Tajimi Hospital, Tajimi, Gifu, Japan.
    Background: Omental cystic lymphangioma is an extremely rare abdominal mass caused by congenital malformation.

    Case: An 8-year-old premenarchal girl reported abdominal pain. Diagnostic imaging revealed a large multicystic mass measuring 22 cm in diameter, which occupied the entire abdominal cavity with ascites. Read More

    [Pediatric salivary gland tumors and tumor-like lesions].
    Pathologe 2017 Jul;38(4):294-302
    Klinik für Hals‑, Nasen- und Ohrenheilkunde (HNO), Klinikum Augsburg, Sauerbruchstraße 6, 86156, Augsburg, Deutschland.
    Salivary gland tumors and tumor-like lesions in the pediatric population are uncommon. They comprise a heterogeneous group of infectious/inflammatory and neoplastic conditions. Pediatric salivary neoplasms include benign tumors of mesenchymal or epithelial origin as well as malignancies of epithelial (carcinomas), mesenchymal (sarcoma) or hematolymphoid (lymphoma) derivation. Read More

    Oral foregut duplication cysts: A rare and fascinating congenital lesion. Case report and review of the literature.
    Am J Otolaryngol 2017 Nov - Dec;38(6):724-725. Epub 2016 Nov 23.
    Department of Pathology, Louisiana State University Health Science Center, Shreveport, LA 71130, USA.
    Oral foregut duplication cysts are extremely rare lesions with approximately 57 cases reported. They are congenital cysts, located in the anterior or ventral tongue, and occur predominantly in males. They are lined by one or more types of epithelia which is limited to gastric, intestinal or respiratory epithelium. Read More

    ACCIDENTAL DUPLICATION: Role of Intralesional Bleomycin in Orbital Lymphangioma: A Prospective Study.
    J AAPOS 2017 Jun 1. Epub 2017 Jun 1.
    Dept. of Oculoplasty, Orbit, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Services, Sankara Nethralaya, Medical Research Foundation, No. 18, College Road, Chennai- 600006, Tamil Nadu, India.
    The Publisher regrets that this article is an accidental duplication of an article that has already been published, Read More

    Rapidly growing cystic hygroma in an adult patient.
    Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann 2017 Jun 26;25(5):395-397. Epub 2017 May 26.
    2 Department of Thoracic Surgery, Medeniyet University Goztepe Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.
    Cystic hygroma is a benign tumor of lymphatic tissue. It usually develops before the second year of life and is rarely seen in adults. A 26-year-old woman was referred to our clinic with a swelling in the left supraclavicular region, which had appeared 5 months earlier and grown rapidly. Read More

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