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    Conjunctival lymphangiectasia associated with classic Fabry disease.
    Br J Ophthalmol 2017 May 12. Epub 2017 May 12.
    Department of Optometry and Vision Science, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA.
    Background: Fabry disease (FD) is a treatable multisystem disease caused by a defect in the alpha-galactosidase gene. Ocular signs of FD, including corneal verticillata, are among the earliest diagnostic findings. Conjunctival lymphangiectasia (CL) has not previously been associated with FD. Read More

    A primary intestinal lymphangiectasia hiding the diagnosis of pleural and pericardial tuberculosis: a clinical observation.
    Pan Afr Med J 2017 23;26:89. Epub 2017 Feb 23.
    Tuberculosis Department, Moulay Youssef University Hospital, Rabat, Maroc.
    Primary intestinal lymphangiectasia (Waldmann's disease) is an exudative enteropathy characterized by lymph leakage into the small bowel lumen leading to hypoalbuminemia, hypogammaglobulinemia and lymphopenia (particularly T-cell). The diagnosis is based on viewing the duodenal lymphangiectasia. A 20 years old female patient, treated for a primary intestinal lymphangiectasia, has consulted for anasarca. Read More

    Neuron-specific knockdown of the Drosophila fat induces reduction of life span, deficient locomotive ability, shortening of motoneuron terminal branches and defects in axonal targeting.
    Genes Cells 2017 May 9. Epub 2017 May 9.
    Department of Applied Biology, Kyoto Institute of Technology, Matsugasaki, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8585, Japan.
    Mutations in FAT4 gene, one of the human FAT family genes, have been identified in Van Maldergem syndrome (VMS) and Hennekam lymphangiectasia-lymphedema syndrome (HS). The FAT4 gene encodes a large protein with extracellular cadherin repeats, EGF-like domains and Laminin G-like domains. FAT4 plays a role in tumor suppression and planar cell polarity. Read More

    Primary chylous vaginal discharge demonstrated with noncontrast magnetic resonance lymphography.
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 2017 May 5. Epub 2017 May 5.
    Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Université Paris 06, Faculté de Médecine Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France.
    Primary chylous vaginal discharge is rare. It can be associated with lower limb, pelvic, or vulvar lymphedema or cutaneous vesicles in the perineum, labia, or legs. An analysis of vaginal discharge is helpful to reveal milky fluid with chylomicrons and a triglyceride rate greater than 11 mL/L [1]. Read More

    Protein-losing Enteropathy Caused by Intestinal or Colonic Lymphangiectasia Complicated by Sporadic Lymphangioleiomyomatosis: A Report of Two Cases.
    Intern Med 2017 15;56(8):943-948. Epub 2017 Apr 15.
    Division of Respiratory Medicine, Juntendo University Faculty of Medicine and Graduate School of Medicine, Japan.
    This report describes two patients with sporadic lymphangioleiomyomatosis complicated by protein-losing enteropathy (PLE). Imaging studies indicated retroperitoneal lymphangioleiomyomas and abnormalities of the adjacent digestive tract. Endoscopic mucosal biopsy revealed colonic lymphangiectasia in one patient; whereas the site in the other patient was intestinal. Read More

    Waldmann's disease: a rare cause of protein losing enteropathy in an adult patient.
    Rev Esp Enferm Dig 2017 May;109(5):385-388
    Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Dijon.
    Primary intestinal lymphangiectasia or Waldmann's disease is an uncommon cause of protein losing enteropathy with an unknown etiology and is usually diagnosed during childhood. It is characterized by dilation and leakage of intestinal lymph vessels leading to hypoalbuminemia, hypogammaglobulinemia and lymphopenia. Differential diagnosis should include erosive and non-erosive gastrointestinal disorders, conditions involving mesenteric lymphatic obstruction and cardiovascular disorders that increase central venous pressure. Read More

    Lymphatic deletion of calcitonin receptor-like receptor exacerbates intestinal inflammation.
    JCI Insight 2017 Mar 23;2(6):e92465. Epub 2017 Mar 23.
    Department of Cell Biology and Physiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA.
    Lymphatics play a critical role in maintaining gastrointestinal homeostasis and in the absorption of dietary lipids, yet their roles in intestinal inflammation remain elusive. Given the increasing prevalence of inflammatory bowel disease, we investigated whether lymphatic vessels contribute to, or may be causative of, disease progression. We generated a mouse model with temporal and spatial deletion of the key lymphangiogenic receptor for the adrenomedullin peptide, calcitonin receptor-like receptor (Calcrl), and found that the loss of lymphatic Calcrl was sufficient to induce intestinal lymphangiectasia, characterized by dilated lacteals and protein-losing enteropathy. Read More

    Primary intestinal lymphangiectasia: Multiple detector computed tomography findings after direct lymphangiography.
    J Med Imaging Radiat Oncol 2017 Mar 27. Epub 2017 Mar 27.
    Department of CT, Beijing Shijitan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Haidian District, Beijing, China.
    Introduction: To analyse the findings of multiple detector computed tomography (MDCT) after direct lymphangiography in primary intestinal lymphangiectasia (PIL).

    Methods: Fifty-five patients with PIL were retrospectively reviewed. All patients underwent MDCT after direct lymphangiography. Read More

    Eculizumab in secondary atypical haemolytic uraemic syndrome.
    Nephrol Dial Transplant 2017 Mar;32(3):466-474
    Department of Nephrology, Instituto de Investigación Hospital 12 de Octubre (imas12), Madrid, Spain.
    Background.: Complement dysregulation occurs in thrombotic microangiopathies (TMAs) other than primary atypical haemolytic uraemic syndrome (aHUS). A few of these patients have been reported previously to be successfully treated with eculizumab. Read More

    Congenital pulmonary lymphangiectasia and early mortality after stage 1 reconstruction procedures.
    Cardiol Young 2017 Mar 13:1-5. Epub 2017 Mar 13.
    4Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine,The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia,Philadelphia,Pennsylvania,United States of America.
    Objectives: Pulmonary lymphangiectasia associated with hypoplastic left heart syndrome with an intact or restrictive atrial septum may result from increased left atrial pressure, and is associated with worse outcomes following staged reconstruction due to lung dysfunction and significant hypoxaemia. Our objective was to characterise the incidence of pulmonary lymphangiectasia in cases of early mortality following stage 1 reconstructions.

    Methods: An institutional cardiac surgical database was retrospectively searched for patients who died within 30 days following a stage 1 reconstruction between 1 January, 1984 and 31 December, 2013. Read More

    TNFΔARE Mice Display Abnormal Lymphatics and Develop Tertiary Lymphoid Organs in the Mesentery.
    Am J Pathol 2017 Apr 6;187(4):798-807. Epub 2017 Feb 6.
    Inflammation Research Network and Smooth Muscle Research Group, Department of Physiology & Pharmacology, Snyder Institute for Chronic Diseases, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada. Electronic address:
    Chronic inflammatory diseases are associated with a persistent and enhanced response to environmental antigens. As an adaptive response to this exaggerated immune state, affected tissue typically develops tertiary lymphoid organs. Studies of Crohn disease (CD), a chronic inflammatory disease of the intestinal tract, report tertiary lymphoid organs present within the mucosal wall, along with other lymphatic diseases, such as lymphangiogenesis and obstructed lymphatic vessels. Read More

    A Quick Reference on Hypocalcemia.
    Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 2017 Mar 22;47(2):249-256. Epub 2016 Dec 22.
    The Ohio State University, 317 West 6th Avenue, Columbus, OH 43201, USA. Electronic address:
    Primary hypoparathyroidism should be considered in dogs with vague signs, including tremors, facial rubbing, and seizures. Ionized hypocalcemia should be considered in dogs with protein-losing enteropathy, especially lymphangiectasia caused by hypovitaminosis D. Ionized hypocalcemia typically occurs only in advanced chronic kidney disease. Read More

    Histopathology of Conjunctivochalasis Compared to Normal Conjunctiva.
    J Ophthalmic Vis Res 2016 Oct-Dec;11(4):345-349
    Department of Ophthalmology, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Harvard Medical School, Massachusetts, Boston, USA.
    Purpose: To evaluate the histopathologic changes in the conjunctiva of patients with conjunctivochalasis (CCh) compared to age-matched controls.

    Methods: This cross-sectional, controlled study included 27 eyes of 27 patients with CCh and 16 eyes of 16 age-matched controls. A biopsy of the bulbar conjunctiva was performed along the temporal lower lid margin before cataract surgery in both groups. Read More

    Interventional Treatment of Pulmonary Lymphatic Anomalies.
    Tech Vasc Interv Radiol 2016 Dec 8;19(4):299-304. Epub 2016 Oct 8.
    CHOP/HUP Center for Lymphatic Imaging and Interventions, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Penn Medicine: Hospital of University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA. Electronic address:
    Pulmonary lymphatic diseases have been recognized for many years and have been referred as pulmonary lymphangiectasia, pulmonary lymphangiomatosis, plastic bronchitis, and idiopathic chylothorax or chylopericardium. The lymphatic etiology of these conditions has been determined by detection of cystic lymphatic structures on biopsy or postmortem examination. Development of new imaging techniques such as dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance lymphangiography has allowed better understanding of pathophysiology of these conditions. Read More

    Deep Vein Thrombosis as Initial Manifestation of Whipple Disease.
    Case Rep Gastroenterol 2016 Sep-Dec;10(3):640-645. Epub 2016 Nov 7.
    Universidade Federal da Paraíba, João Pessoa, Brazil.
    Introduction: Wipple disease (WD) is a rare chronic disease caused by the bacillus Tropheryma whipplei. Constitutive, rheumatologic, gastrointestinal, cardiac, cerebral, lymphatic, cutaneous, and ophthalmological signs are possible systemic symptoms. However, thrombotic manifestations are rarely described as "stroke-like syndrome" or arterial thrombosis. Read More

    Point-of-Care Thoracic Ultrasonography in the Diagnosis and Management of Kaposiform Lymphangiomatosis.
    Pediatr Emerg Care 2016 Dec;32(12):888-891
    From the *Pediatric Residency Program and †Division of Emergency Medicine and Transport, Children's Hospital Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA.
    Kaposiform lymphangiomatosis is a generalized lymphatic disorder complicated by consumptive coagulopathy and pericardial and pleural effusions. We present the case of a 13-year-old female adolescent given a diagnosis of a large pleural effusion by point-of-care thoracic ultrasonography, which led to further evaluation and diagnosis of this rare disorder. We review the use of point-of-care thoracic ultrasonography for the diagnosis of pleural effusion. Read More

    Marginal Zone Lymphoma Complicated by Protein Losing Enteropathy.
    Case Rep Hematol 2016 9;2016:9351408. Epub 2016 Nov 9.
    Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University Hospital Zurich, Zurich University, Zurich, Switzerland.
    Protein losing enteropathy (PLE) refers to excessive intestinal protein loss, resulting in hypoalbuminemia. Underlying pathologies include conditions leading to either reduced intestinal barrier or lymphatic congestion. We describe the case of a patient with long-lasting diffuse abdominal problems and PLE. Read More

    [Nephrotic syndrome complicated by chylous ascites in a girl of 2 years and 8 months old].
    Arch Pediatr 2017 Jan 21;24(1):24-27. Epub 2016 Nov 21.
    Service de pédiatrie nourrissons, CHU de Brazzaville, Brazzaville, Congo; Faculté des sciences de la santé, université Marien Ngouabi, Brazzaville, Congo.
    We report on a case of nephrotic syndrome with focal and segmental hyalinosis complicated by chylous ascites in a girl of 2 years and 8 months old. This pure nephrotic syndrome in its early stage was initially treated with intensive steroid treatment at 2mg/kg/day orally for 2 months, followed by a bolus of methylprednisolone. The persistence of proteinuria meant corticosteroid resistance. Read More

    Young patient with generalized lymphangiomatosis: Differentiating the differential.
    Indian J Radiol Imaging 2016 Jul-Sep;26(3):411-415
    Department of Radiotherapy, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India.
    We present the case of a 19-year-old man who was extensively evaluated in multiple centres for long-standing cough, dyspnea, and hemoptysis without a definitive diagnosis. His chest radiograph at presentation showed mediastinal widening, bilateral pleural effusions, and Kerley B lines. Computed tomography of the thorax showed a confluent, fluid-density mediastinal lesion enveloping the mediastinal viscera without any mass effect. Read More

    Diffuse Pulmonary Lymphangiomatosis: MDCT Findings After Direct Lymphangiography.
    AJR Am J Roentgenol 2017 Feb 15;208(2):300-305. Epub 2016 Nov 15.
    1 Department of CT, Beijing Shijitan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Yangfangdian Tieyiyuan Rd No. 10, Haidian District, Beijing 100038, China.
    Objective: The aim of this study was to analyze the findings of MDCT performed after direct lymphangiography in patients with diffuse pulmonary lymphangiomatosis.

    Materials And Methods: Twenty-three patients (13 male and 10 female patients) diagnosed with diffuse pulmonary lymphangiomatosis on the basis of clinical features and findings from imaging, bronchoscopy, and pathologic analysis were retrospectively evaluated. All patients underwent pulmonary MDCT after direct lymphangiography, surgical operation or open lung biopsy, and histopathologic examination. Read More

    Bilateral Renal Lymphangiectasia.
    J Clin Diagn Res 2016 Sep 1;10(9):TD01-TD02. Epub 2016 Sep 1.
    Professor, Department of Nephrology, G.R. Doshi and K.M. Mehta Institute of Kidney Diseases & Research Centre (IKDRC) & Dr.H.L. Trivedi Institute of Transplantation Sciences (ITS) , Gujarat, India .
    Renal Lymphangiectasia (RLM) is very rare benign lymphatic malformation. It can be misdiagnosed for other cystic renal masses, most commonly polycystic kidneys. Though incidentally found in most cases, it may be the cause for hypertension and renal failure in undiagnosed patients. Read More

    Gastrointestinal Lymphorrhea Diagnosed by Exercise Lymphoscintigraphy.
    Clin Nucl Med 2016 Dec;41(12):e520-e521
    From the *Department of Nuclear Medicine, and †Paediatric Department, University Hospital Split, Split, Croatia.
    Lymphoscintigraphy is not considered as a first line diagnostic procedure in abdominal or thoracic lymphorrhea of various origin. We report a patient with lymphangiectasia in whom posttraumatic lymphorrhea was diagnosed by lymphoscintigraphy only after third attempt when we applied pushups exercise with the aim to raise venous pressure and thus provoke lymph backflow in ductus thoracicus and enteric lymphytics. Lymphorrhea was clearly visible in colon ascendens and colon transversum on 9h planar scintigram. Read More

    Surgical Drainage of Lymphangiectasia Haemorrhagica Conjunctivae.
    Cornea 2017 Jan;36(1):116-118
    *Cole Eye Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH; and †Pathology and Laboratory Medicine Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH.
    Purpose: To report a case of nonresolving lymphangiectasia haemorrhagica conjunctivae (LHC) successfully treated with surgical drainage.

    Methods: Retrospective case report.

    Results: A 17-year-old white girl presented with a history of a large red lesion affecting her right eye. Read More

    [Malabsorption is a leading clinical sign of small bowel disease].
    Ter Arkh 2016;88(8):4-9
    Moscow Clinical Research and Practical Center, Moscow Healthcare Department, Moscow, Russia.
    The paper presents a variety of clinical manifestations of malabsorption syndrome (MAS) in celiac disease, collagenous sprue, Whipple's disease, Crohn's disease, intestinal lymphangiectasia, amyloidosis, common variable immune deficiency, and treatment of short bowel syndrome. It shows the specific features of the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of MAS in small bowel diseases. Read More

    Lymphovenous Anastomosis and Secondary Resection for Noonan Syndrome with Vulvar Lymphangiectasia.
    Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2016 Aug 29;4(8):e1007. Epub 2016 Aug 29.
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands.
    In this case report we describe the use of a 2-stage approach to treat severe recurrent vulvar lymphangiectasia in a patient with Noonan syndrome. First, 3 functional lymphatic vessels were identified and anastomosed to venules in an end-to-end fashion. Then, in a second surgical procedure, the vulvar lesions were resected as much as possible and the vulva was reconstructed. Read More

    Pathological Investigation of Acquired Lymphangiectasia Accompanied by Lower Limb Lymphedema: Lymphocyte Infiltration in the Dermis and Epidermis.
    Lymphat Res Biol 2016 Sep 6;14(3):172-80. Epub 2016 Sep 6.
    2 Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, The University of Tokyo Hospital , Tokyo, Japan .
    Background: Sometimes acquired lymphangiectasia (lymphangioma circumscriptum), the pathological mechanism of which is unknown, accompanies lymphedema. The purpose of this study was to better understand the pathological changes present in acquired lymphangiectasia.

    Methods And Results: We examined the pathological characteristics of acquired lymphangiectasia with lymphedema among patients treated at the University of Tokyo Hospital from March 2008 to December 2015. Read More

    US-Guided, Direct Puncture Retrograde Thoracic Duct Access, Lymphangiography, and Embolization: Feasibility and Efficacy.
    J Vasc Interv Radiol 2016 Dec 29;27(12):1890-1896. Epub 2016 Aug 29.
    Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology, Washington University School of Medicine, 510 S. Kingshighway Boulevard, Box 8131, St. Louis, MO 63110.
    Purpose: To describe technical details, success rate, and advantages of direct puncture of the thoracic duct (TD) under direct ultrasound (US) guidance at venous insertion in the left neck.

    Materials And Methods: All patients who underwent attempted thoracic duct embolization (TDE) via US-guided retrograde TD access in the left neck were retrospectively reviewed. Indications for lymphangiography were iatrogenic chyle leak, pulmonary lymphangiectasia, and plastic bronchitis. Read More

    Glutamine decreases intestinal mucosal injury in a rat model of intestinal ischemia-reperfusion by downregulating HMGB1 and inflammatory cytokine expression.
    Exp Ther Med 2016 Sep 17;12(3):1367-1372. Epub 2016 Jun 17.
    Department of Anesthesiology, East Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200120, P.R. China.
    Intestinal ischemia-reperfusion (IR) is a common clinical pathophysiological process that is common in severe trauma, major surgery, and in post-resuscitation. Glutamine (Gln) reduces intestinal IR injury, however, its mechanism of action remains to be determined. High mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) protein, nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and interleukin-1 (IL-1) are mediators involved in the pathophysiology of intestinal IR injury. Read More

    Duodenal hemangiolymphangioma presenting as chronic anemia: a case report.
    BMC Res Notes 2016 Aug 31;9(1):426. Epub 2016 Aug 31.
    U. Sabana, Bogotá, Colombia.
    Background: Lymphangiomas are a heterogeneous group of congenital vascular malformations characterized by cystic dilation of lymphatic vessels. They can occur at any age, but they are more common during childhood and in cutaneous localizations. Hemangiomas and vascular malformations of the gastrointestinal tract are very uncommon. Read More

    Nonmalignant Adult Thoracic Lymphatic Disorders.
    Clin Chest Med 2016 09;37(3):409-20
    Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, University of Cincinnati, MSB 6165, 231 Albert Sabin Way, Cincinnati, OH 45267-0564, USA.
    The thoracic lymphatic disorders are a heterogeneous group of uncommon conditions that are associated with thoracic masses, interstitial pulmonary infiltrates, and chylous complications. Accurate diagnosis of the thoracic lymphatic disorders has important implications for the newest approaches to management, including embolization and treatment with antilymphangiogenic drugs. New imaging techniques to characterize lymphatic flow, such as dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance lymphangiogram, are redefining approaches to disease classification and therapy. Read More

    Disorders of the lymphatic system of the abdomen.
    Clin Radiol 2016 Oct 19;71(10):941-52. Epub 2016 Jul 19.
    Departments of Radiology, Apollo Hospitals, Bannerghatta Road, Bangalore, India.
    The lymphatic system of the abdomen comprises of the cisterna chyli, its major and minor lymphatic tributaries, and lymph nodes. Disorders of the lymphatic system of the abdomen are rarely encountered and consist of primary and secondary types. Abdominal lymphangiomas constitute the majority and have characteristic imaging features. Read More

    Intestinal Lymphangiectasia: Insights on Management and Literature Review.
    Am J Case Rep 2016 Jul 21;17:512-22. Epub 2016 Jul 21.
    Department of Gastroenterology, Aleppo University, Aleppo, Syrian Arab Republic.
    BACKGROUND Intestinal lymphangiectasia (IL) is a rare disease characterized by a dilatation of the intestinal lymphatics and loss of lymph fluid into the gastrointestinal tract leading to hypoproteinemia, edema, lymphocytopenia, hypogammaglobinemia, and immunological abnormalities. Iron, calcium, and other serum components (e.g. Read More

    Expanding the genotypic spectrum of CCBE1 mutations in Hennekam syndrome.
    Am J Med Genet A 2016 Oct 27;170(10):2694-7. Epub 2016 Jun 27.
    Institute for Molecular Bioscience, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.
    Hennekam lymphangiectasia-lymphedema syndrome is an autosomal recessive disorder, with 25% of patients having mutations in CCBE1. We identified a family with two brothers presenting with primary lymphedema, and performed exome sequencing to determine the cause of their disease. Analysis of four family members showed that both affected brothers had the same rare compound heterozygous mutations in CCBE1. Read More

    Hyperplasia, de novo lymphangiogenesis, and lymphatic regression in mice with tissue-specific, inducible overexpression of murine VEGF-D.
    Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 2016 Aug 24;311(2):H384-94. Epub 2016 Jun 24.
    Division of Lymphatic Biology, Department of Medical Physiology, Texas A&M Health Science Center School of Medicine, College Station, Texas; Touchstone Diabetes Center, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas; and
    Lymphatic vessels modulate tissue fluid balance and inflammation and provide a conduit for endocrine and lipid transport. The growth of new lymphatic vessels in the adult, lymphangiogenesis, is predominantly mediated through vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-3 (VEGFR-3) signaling. We took advantage of the unique binding of murine VEGF-D specifically to VEGFR-3 and generated mice capable of inducible, tissue-specific expression of murine VEGF-D under a tightly-controlled tetracycline response element (TRE) promoter to stimulate adult tissue lymphangiogenesis. Read More

    Thoracic involvement in generalised lymphatic anomaly (or lymphangiomatosis).
    Eur Respir Rev 2016 Jun;25(140):170-7
    Unità Operativa di Pneumologia e Terapia Semi-Intensiva Respiratoria, Servizio di Fisiopatologia Respiratoria ed Emodinamica Polmonare, Ospedale San Giuseppe, Multimedica IRCCS, Milan, Italy.
    Generalised lymphatic anomaly (GLA), also known as lymphangiomatosis, is a rare disease caused by congenital abnormalities of lymphatic development. It usually presents in childhood but can also be diagnosed in adults. GLA encompasses a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations ranging from single-organ involvement to generalised disease. Read More

    Successful Treatment of Acquired Balanic Lymphangiectasia Following Circumcision Using 2,940-nm Erbium-Doped Yttrium Aluminium Garnet Laser.
    Dermatol Surg 2016 Aug;42(8):1017-8
    Department of Dermatology, Affiliated Hospital of Guangdong Medical University, Zhanjiang, China Department of Radiology, Affiliated Hospital of Guangdong Medical University, Zhanjiang, China Department of Dermatology, Affiliated Hospital of Guangdong Medical University, Zhanjiang, China.

    Successful Treatment of Conjunctival Lymphangiectasia With Subconjunctival Injection of Bevacizumab.
    Cornea 2016 Oct;35(10):1375-7
    *Department of Ophthalmology, Prince of Wales Hospital, Sydney, Australia; †Hispath, Specialist Pathologists, Sydney, Australia; and ‡Ophthalmic Surgeons, Sydney, Australia.
    Purpose: To report a novel intervention for the treatment of conjunctival lymphangiectasia-subconjunctival injection of bevacizumab.

    Methods: A 53-year-old white male presented with a 3-month history of right ocular discomfort and redness unresponsive to conventional topical treatment of lubricants and steroids. A clinical diagnosis of conjunctival lymphangiectasia was confirmed by biopsy. Read More

    Protein-losing enteropathy with intestinal lymphangiectasia in skeletal dysplasia with Lys650Met mutation.
    Am J Med Genet A 2016 Nov 23;170(11):2993-2997. Epub 2016 May 23.
    Division of Anatomic and Molecular Pathology, Department of Pathology and Immunology, St. Louis Children's Hospital, Washington University Medical Center, St. Louis, Missouri.
    Protein-losing enteropathy is a primary or secondary manifestation of a group of conditions, and etiologies which are broadly divisible into those with mucosal injury on the basis of inflammatory and ulcerative conditions, mucosal injury without erosions or ulcerations, and lymphatic abnormalities. We describe the first case of protein-losing enteropathy in a pediatric patient, with severe skeletal dysplasia consistent with thanatophoric dysplasia type I and DNA analysis that revealed a c.1949A>T (p. Read More

    [Clinical analysis of two cases with diffuse pulmonary lymphatic disease].
    Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi 2016 May;54(5):360-4
    Department of Respiratory Diseases, Beijing Children's Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University, Beijing 100045, China.
    Objective: To analyze the clinical characteristics and diagnosis of 2 cases with diffuse pulmonary lymphatic disease.

    Method: Clinical manifestations of the children were retrospectively analyzed. Two patients were both from Beijing Children Hospital in 2013 and 2014. Read More

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