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    1488 results match your criteria Luteal Phase Dysfunction

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    Non-contraceptive oestrogen-containing preparations for controlling symptoms of premenstrual syndrome.
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2017 Mar 3;3:CD010503. Epub 2017 Mar 3.
    Academic Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Keele University Medical School, North Staffordshire Hospital, City General Hospital, Newcastle Road, Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire, UK, ST4 6QG.
    Background: Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a psychological and somatic disorder of unknown aetiology, with symptoms typically including irritability, depression, mood swings, bloating, breast tenderness and sleep disturbances. About 3% to 10% of women who experience these symptoms may also meet criteria for premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD). PMS symptoms recur during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle and reduce by the end of menstruation. Read More

    Does levonorgestrel emergency contraceptive have a post-fertilization effect? A review of its mechanism of action.
    Linacre Q 2016 Feb;83(1):35-51
    Gynecology in the Department of Woman's and Child's Health, University of Padua, Obstetrics and Gynecology Unit, University of Padova, Italy.
    Background: Recent studies have identified that levonorgestrel administered orally in emergency contraception (LNG-EC) is only efficacious when taken before ovulation. However, the drug does not consistently prevent follicular rupture or impair sperm function.

    Objective: The present systematic review is performed to analyze and more precisely define the extent to which pre-fertilization mechanisms of action may explain the drug's efficacy in pregnancy avoidance. Read More

    Change in women's eating habits during the menstrual cycle.
    Ann Endocrinol (Paris) 2017 Feb 12;78(1):33-37. Epub 2016 Sep 12.
    Service d'endocrinologie et des maladies métaboliques, Institut national de nutrition et des technologies alimentaires, 11, street Jebel Lakhdhar, 1007, Bab Saadoun, Tunis, Tunisia.
    Objectives: During the menstrual cycle, the influence of hormonal variations on dietary habits in women has been suggested by several studies. In this context, our work aimed to assess the spontaneous food intake and the anthropometric parameters of women at different periods of their menstrual cycles.

    Methods: This prospective study included 30 healthy women with regular periods (28 to 30 days), aged between 18 and 45. Read More

    Association of Premenstrual Syndrome with Blood Pressure in Young Adult Women.
    J Womens Health (Larchmt) 2016 Nov 15;25(11):1122-1128. Epub 2016 Jul 15.
    3 Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health and Health Sciences, University of Massachusetts , Amherst, Massachusetts.
    Objective: The prevalence of hypertension in premenopausal women is increasing. There is substantial need for novel strategies to identify women who would benefit from increased screening and early interventions. Several mechanisms likely contributing to premenstrual syndrome (PMS) are also involved in hypertension, including renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system dysfunction and micronutrient deficiencies. Read More

    Random-start controlled ovarian stimulation for emergency fertility preservation in a patient with myelodysplastic syndrome: a case report.
    Braz J Med Biol Res 2016 10;49(6):e5227. Epub 2016 May 10.
    Reproductive Medical Center, Peking University People's Hospital, Beijing, China.
    This study reports a case of a gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist trigger in a young female with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) who underwent fertility preservation using random-start controlled ovarian stimulation. This method involves the stimulation of the ovary regardless of a patient's menstrual-cycle phase. A review of the related literature is also provided. Read More

    Endocrine dysfunction and recurrent spontaneous abortion: An overview.
    Int J Appl Basic Med Res 2016 Apr-Jun;6(2):79-83
    Department of Biochemistry, Adesh Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Bathinda, Punjab, India.
    Miscarriage is the spontaneous loss of a fetus before it is viable, occurring at a rate of 15-20%. Recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) or habitual miscarriage is defined as repeated occurrence of 3 or more miscarriages before 20(th) week of gestation accounting for the most common complication of early pregnancy in humans. Various etiological factors responsible for recurrent miscarriage are anatomical, genetical, endocrinological, immunological, and infectious. Read More

    Does the risk of metabolic disorders increase among women with polycystic ovary morphology? A population-based study.
    Hum Reprod 2016 Jun 12;31(6):1339-46. Epub 2016 Apr 12.
    Endocrine Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, 24 Parvaneh, Yaman Street, Velenjak, PO Box 19395-4763, Tehran, Iran.
    Study Question: Is polycystic ovary morphology (PCOM) associated with metabolic syndrome (MS), insulin resistance (IR) and dyslipidemia?

    Summary Answer: No associations between PCOM and metabolic disorders were found.

    What Is Known Already: Polycystic ovary morphology has a prevalence of 21-63% in healthy women of reproductive age. Results of studies focusing on metabolic abnormalities among females with PCOM, are insufficient and controversial. Read More

    Timing of breast cancer surgery, menstrual phase, and prognosis: Systematic review and meta-analysis.
    Crit Rev Oncol Hematol 2016 Jun 19;102:1-14. Epub 2016 Feb 19.
    Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, United States.
    Background: For over 25 years, there has been a debate revolving around the timing of breast cancer surgery, menstrual cycle, and prognosis.

    Methods: This systematic review synthesizes and evaluates the body of evidence in an effort to inform evidence-based practice. A keyword and reference search was performed in PubMed and Web of Science to identify human studies that met the inclusion criteria. Read More

    Women with premenstrual dysphoric disorder have altered sensitivity to allopregnanolone over the menstrual cycle compared to controls-a pilot study.
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 2016 06 10;233(11):2109-17. Epub 2016 Mar 10.
    Department of Clinical Science, Umeå University, 901 85, Umeå, Sweden.
    Rationale: In premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD), a condition that afflicts 3-8 % of women in fertile ages, the cyclic recurrence of debilitating mood symptoms is restricted to the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle. The progesterone metabolite allopregnanolone is produced by the corpus luteum, and circulating levels are reflected in the brain. Allopregnanolone is a modulator of the GABAA receptor, enhancing the effect of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA). Read More

    Controlled Ovarian Stimulation Using Medroxyprogesterone Acetate and hMG in Patients With Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Treated for IVF: A Double-Blind Randomized Crossover Clinical Trial.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2016 Mar;95(9):e2939
    From the Department of Assisted Reproduction, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, JiaoTong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.
    Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) during ovarian stimulation is a current challenge for patients with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). Our previous studies indicated that progestin can prevent premature luteinizing hormone (LH) surge or moderate/severe OHSS in the general subfertile population, both in the follicular-phase and luteal-phase ovarian stimulation but it is unclear if this is true for patients with PCOS. The aim of the article was to analyze cycle characteristics and endocrinological profiles using human menopausal gonadotropin (hMG) in combination with medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) for PCOS patients who are undergoing IVF/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) treatments and investigate the subsequently pregnancy outcomes of frozen embryo transfer (FET). Read More

    [Glycemic changes during menstrual cycles in women with type 1 diabetes].
    Med Clin (Barc) 2016 Apr 18;146(7):287-91. Epub 2016 Feb 18.
    Unidad de Diabetes, Departamento de Endocrinología, Hospital Universitario La Paz, Madrid, España.
    Background And Objective: To determine frequency of women with type 1 diabetes showing menstrual cyclic changes in glycemia, analyze their clinical characteristics, and assess the pattern of glycemic changes.

    Patients And Methods: We analyzed glucose meter readings along 168 menstrual cycles of 26 women with type 1 diabetes. We evaluated mean glucose, mean glucose standard deviation, mean fasting glucose, percentage of glucose readings>7. Read More

    Effect of hydrosalpinx on uterine and ovarian hemodynamics in women with tubal factor infertility.
    Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2016 Apr 8;199:55-9. Epub 2016 Feb 8.
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Egypt.
    Objective: To evaluate the effect of hydrosalpinx on uterine and ovarian blood flows in women with tubal factor infertility.

    Study Design: In a cross-sectional study at a university teaching hospital, 60 women with hydrosalpinx-related tubal infertility (hydrosalpinx group) were compared with 60 women with male or unexplained infertility (non-hydrosalpinx group). In the mid-luteal (peri-implantation) phase of the cycle, endometrial thickness, uterine and ovarian artery pulsatility index (PI) and resistance index (RI), and endometrial and ovarian volume and 3D power Doppler vascularization index (VI), flow index (FI), and vascularization flow index (VFI) were measured in both groups. Read More

    GnRH agonist trigger for the induction of oocyte maturation in GnRH antagonist IVF cycles: a SWOT analysis.
    Reprod Biomed Online 2016 Mar 6;32(3):274-85. Epub 2016 Jan 6.
    The Fertility Clinic, Skive Regional Hospital and Faculty of Health, Aarhus University, Resenvej 25, 7800 Skive, Denmark.
    Gonadotrophin releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa) trigger is effective in the induction of oocyte maturation and prevention of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome during IVF treatment. This trigger concept, however, results in early corpora lutea demise and consequently luteal phase dysfunction and impaired endometrial receptivity. The aim of this strenghths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats analysis was to summarize the progress made over the past 15 years to optimize ongoing pregnancy rates after GnRHa trigger. Read More

    Changes in the choroidal thickness in reproductive-aged women with iron-deficiency anemia.
    BMC Ophthalmol 2015 Dec 29;15:186. Epub 2015 Dec 29.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Kırıkkale University School of Medicine, Kırıkkale, Turkey.
    Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the potential significance of the central macular thickness (foveal thickness-FT) and choroidal thickness (CT) in the eyes of patients with iron-deficiency anemia, the most common form of the anemia, via enhanced-depth imaging optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT). We also investigated whether such changes might serve as an early indicator of underlying hematological disease.

    Methods: This prospective clinical study compared 96 female patients with iron-deficiency anemia and 60 healthy female control subjects. Read More

    Beta-Arrestin1 Levels in Mononuclear Leukocytes Support Depression Scores for Women with Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder.
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 2015 Dec 22;13(1):ijerph13010043. Epub 2015 Dec 22.
    Meharry Medical College, 1005 Dr. D. B. Todd Jr. Blvd, Nashville, TN 37208, USA.
    Depression is very common in reproductive women particularly with premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD), which is a severe form of premenstrual syndrome (PMS). Beta-arrestins were previously implicated in the pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment for mood disorders. This study examined whether a measurement for beta-arrestin1 levels in peripheral blood mononuclear leukocytes (PBMC), could aid to distinguish between PMDD and PMS. Read More

    Assessment of Cardiovascular Autonomic Functions and Baroreceptor Reactivity in Women with Premenstrual Syndrome.
    Indian J Physiol Pharmacol 2015 Apr-Jun;59(2):148-54
    Objectives: The study was conducted to assess the autonomic status of women with mild PMS using short-term heart rate variability (HRV) analysis and conventional autonomic function tests (CAFT).

    Methods: Sixty females in the age group 17-25 years with mild premenstrual syndrome were identified using a self-report questionnaire, the shortened premenstrual assessment form. HRV and CAFTs were recorded 1- 5 days prior and 8-10 days after menstruation. Read More

    Progesterone administration for luteal phase deficiency in human reproduction: an old or new issue?
    J Ovarian Res 2015 Nov 19;8:77. Epub 2015 Nov 19.
    Centre of Reproductive Medicine and Surgery, Arcispedale Santa Maria Nuova - IRCCS, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Via Università 4, 41100 Viale Risorgimento 80, 42123, Modena, Italy.
    Luteal phase deficiency (LPD) is described as a condition of insufficient progesterone exposure to maintain a regular secretory endometrium and allow for normal embryo implantation and growth. Recently, scientific focus is turning to understand the physiology of implantation, in particular the several molecular markers of endometrial competence, through the recent transcriptomic approaches and microarray technology. In spite of the wide availability of clinical and instrumental methods for assessing endometrial competence, reproducible and reliable diagnostic tests for LPD are currently lacking, so no type-IA evidence has been proposed by the main scientific societies for assessing endometrial competence in infertile couples. Read More

    Assessment of stress and autonomic nervous activity in Japanese female ambulance paramedics working 24-hour shifts.
    J Occup Health 2016 23;58(1):47-55. Epub 2015 Oct 23.
    Graduate School of Emergency Medical Systems, Kokushikan University.
    Objectives: We studied the physical and mental conditions of 8 healthy young female ambulance paramedics working 24-hour shifts during their menstrual cycle, including assessment of cardiac autonomic nervous system activity by heart rate variability power spectral analysis.

    Methods: The autonomic activity during the awake period of on- and off-duty days in the follicular, late luteal, and menstruation phases was measured. Questionnaires regarding fatigue and menstrual distress were administered and correlated with the autonomic profile. Read More

    Fluctuations of Hyperglycemia and Insulin Sensitivity Are Linked to Menstrual Cycle Phases in Women With T1D.
    J Diabetes Sci Technol 2015 Oct 14;9(6):1192-9. Epub 2015 Oct 14.
    Center for Diabetes Technology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA.
    Background: Factors influencing glycemic variability in type 1 diabetes (T1D) may play a significant role in the refinement of closed loop insulin administration. Phase of menstrual cycle is one such factor that has been inadequately investigated. We propose that unique individual patterns can be constructed and used as parameters of closed loop systems. Read More

    Histomorphological Patterns of Endometrium in Infertility.
    J Obstet Gynaecol India 2015 Oct 1;65(5):328-34. Epub 2014 Nov 1.
    Department of Pathology, Sri Aurobindo Medical College and P. G. Institute, Indore, 453111 M.P. India.
    Background: Endometrium is the most sensitive indicator of ovarian function and endometrial biopsy is one of the most important investigations in infertility. The current study was carried out to investigate the histomorphological patterns of endometrium in infertile women and to compare the results with other similar studies.

    Materials And Methods: A cross-sectional study on 2,080 infertile women was carried out to find the incidence of various histomorphological patterns in hematoxylin-eosin stained sections of endometrium and compare them with other Indian studies. Read More

    Maximal force and tremor changes across the menstrual cycle.
    Eur J Appl Physiol 2016 Jan 13;116(1):153-60. Epub 2015 Sep 13.
    Department of Kinesiology and Health Education, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA.
    Purpose: Sex hormones have profound effects on the nervous system in vitro and in vivo. The present study examines the effect of the menstrual cycle on maximal isometric force (MVC) and tremor during an endurance task.

    Methods: Nine eumenorrheic females participated in five study visits across their menstrual cycle. Read More

    Abnormal Resting-State Connectivity at Functional MRI in Women with Premenstrual Syndrome.
    PLoS One 2015 1;10(9):e0136029. Epub 2015 Sep 1.
    Beijing Key Laboratory of Applied Experimental Psychology, School of Psychology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, P. R. China; Research Center of Emotion Regulation, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, P. R. China.
    Objectives: Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) refers to a series of cycling and relapsing physical, emotion and behavior syndromes that occur in the luteal phase and resolve soon after the onset of menses. Although PMS is widely recognized, its neural mechanism is still unclear.

    Design: To address this question, we measured brain activity for women with PMS and women without PMS (control group) using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI). Read More

    Alcohol intake, reproductive hormones, and menstrual cycle function: a prospective cohort study.
    Am J Clin Nutr 2015 Oct 19;102(4):933-42. Epub 2015 Aug 19.
    Epidemiology Branch, Division of Intramural Population Health Research and
    Background: Although habitual low-to-moderate alcohol intake has been linked with reduced all-cause mortality and morbidity, the effect of recent alcohol intake on female reproductive function has not been clearly established.

    Objective: We assessed the relation between acute alcohol consumption, reproductive hormones, and markers of menstrual cycle dysfunction including sporadic anovulation, irregular cycle length, luteal phase deficiency, long menses, and heavy blood loss.

    Design: A total of 259 healthy, premenopausal women from Western New York were followed for ≤2 menstrual cycles (2005-2007) and provided fasting blood specimens during ≤8 visits/cycle and four 24-h dietary recalls/cycle. Read More

    Elevated serum interleukin-1β levels and interleukin-1β-to-interleukin-1 receptor antagonist ratio 1 week after embryo transfer are associated with ectopic pregnancy.
    Fertil Steril 2015 Nov 14;104(5):1190-4. Epub 2015 Aug 14.
    The Ronald O. Perelman and Claudia Cohen Center for Reproductive Medicine, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, New York.
    Objective: To investigate whether interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1RA) serum levels in the early luteal phase differ in IVF cycles that result in an ectopic pregnancy (EP) when compared with other outcomes.

    Design: Retrospective cohort.

    Setting: Not applicable. Read More

    Neuroimaging the Menstrual Cycle and Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder.
    Curr Psychiatry Rep 2015 Oct;17(10):77
    Department of Neuroscience, Uppsala University, BMC, Box 593, 751 24, Uppsala, Sweden,
    Knowledge of gonadal hormone-related influences on human brain anatomy, function, and chemistry is scarce. The present review scrutinized organizational and functional neuroimaging correlates of the menstrual cycle and premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD). Supportive evidence of cyclic short-term structural and functional brain plasticity in response to gonadal hormonal modulation is provided. Read More

    Migraine Management During Menstruation and Menopause.
    Continuum (Minneap Minn) 2015 Aug;21(4 Headache):990-1003
    Purpose Of Review: Migraine is most prevalent in women during their reproductive years. An understanding of the effects of menstruation and menopause on migraine can enable neurologists to provide targeted and appropriate medical and hormonal strategies, enabling their patients to achieve better control of migraine and reduced disability. This article reviews the effects of hormonal events on migraine and summarizes the evidence-based options available for management. Read More

    Double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot study of adjunctive quetiapine SR in the treatment of PMS/PMDD.
    Hum Psychopharmacol 2015 Nov 19;30(6):425-34. Epub 2015 Jul 19.
    Department of Psychiatry, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.
    Objective: Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD), a more severe form of premenstrual syndrome (PMS), afflicts 5-8% of reproductive age women and results in significant functional impairment. We conducted a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of adjunctive quetiapine in patients with PMS/PMDD who had inadequate response to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor/serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor therapy for their symptoms.

    Methods: A PMS/PMDD diagnosis was confirmed by 2-month prospective diagnostic assessment of PMS/PMDD using the Prospective Record of the Impact and Severity of Premenstrual Symptoms (PRISM) calendar. Read More

    Tibial acceleration profiles during the menstrual cycle in female athletes.
    Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 2015 Oct 12;135(10):1419-27. Epub 2015 Jul 12.
    Department of Orthopaedic Sportsmedicine, University of Technology, Ismaninger Strasse 69, 81675, Munich, Germany.
    Purpose: Fluctuating levels of endogenous estrogen are thought to have an adverse effect on lower limb biomechanics, given the observed higher rate of ACL injury at certain phases of the menstrual cycle. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of fluctuating endogenous estrogen levels during the menstrual cycle on acceleration transients at the proximal tibia in young physically active females.

    Methods: Eleven females aged 16-18 years participated in this study and were compared to a male control group. Read More

    Menstrual Cycle-Related Variation in Physiological Sleep in Women in the Early Menopausal Transition.
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2015 Aug 16;100(8):2918-26. Epub 2015 Jun 16.
    Center for Health Sciences (M.d.Z., A.R.W., S.A.S., I.M.C., F.C.B.), SRI International, Menlo Park, California 94025; Melbourne School of Psychological Sciences (I.M.C.), The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria 3010, Australia; and Brain Function Research Group (F.C.B.), School of Physiology, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg 2000, South Africa.
    Context: Most studies show sleep homeostasis and continuity remain stable across the menstrual cycle in young women. The influence of the menstrual cycle on physiological sleep in midlife women is unknown.

    Objective: The objective of the study was to assess the impact of menstrual cycle phase on the polysomnogram and electroencephalographic (EEG) features of sleep in midlife women, accounting for the presence of an insomnia disorder. Read More

    [Impacts on pregnancy outcome treated with acupuncture and moxibustion in IVF-ET patients].
    Zhongguo Zhen Jiu 2015 Apr;35(4):313-7
    Objective: To observe the impacts on endometrial and pregnancy outcomes treated with acupuncture and moxibustion in the patients of in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) and explore the application value, of acupuncture and moxibustion in IVF-ET treatment.

    Methods: One hundred and fourteen patients of IVF-ET treated with standard long-term program at luteal phase were randomized into an observation group and a control group, 57 cases in each one. In the observation group, at the beginning of ovulatory induction, moxibustion was applied to Shenque (CV 8) and acupuncture was to Zhongji (CV 3), Guanyuan (CV 4), Qihai (CV 6), Zigong (EX-CA 1), Xuebai (SP 10), etc. Read More

    Premenstrual syndrome: management and pathophysiology.
    Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol 2015 ;42(2):123-8
    Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is triggered by hormonal events ensuing after ovulation. The symptoms can begin in the early, mid, or late luteal phase and are not associated with defined concentrations of any specific gonadal or non-gonadal hormone. Women with PMS experience affective or somatic symptoms that cause severe dysfunction in social or occupational realms. Read More

    Effects of Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome on Steroidogenesis and Folliculogenesis in the Female Ossabaw Mini-Pig.
    PLoS One 2015 5;10(6):e0128749. Epub 2015 Jun 5.
    Department of Animal Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, United States of America.
    The discrete effects of obesity on infertility in females remain undefined to date. To investigate obesity-induced ovarian dysfunction, we characterized metabolic parameters, steroidogenesis, and folliculogenesis in obese and lean female Ossabaw mini-pigs. Nineteen nulliparous, sexually mature female Ossabaw pigs were fed a high fat/cholesterol/fructose diet (n=10) or a control diet (n=9) for eight months. Read More

    Delayed Start Versus Conventional GnRH Antagonist Protocol in Poor Responders Pretreated With Estradiol in Luteal Phase: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
    Reprod Sci 2015 Dec 4;22(12):1627-31. Epub 2015 Jun 4.
    Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Kasr Aini Hospital, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt.
    Objective: To compare the new delayed start protocol against the conventional gonadotropin (Gn)-releasing hormone antagonist protocol in poor responders (PORs).

    Study Design: A total of 160 women with poor response to previous in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycle were randomized either to start Gn then Cetrotide 0.25 subcutaneously (sc) added when leading follicle (DF) reach >12 mm or Cetrotide 0. Read More

    Acute intermittent porphyria symptoms during the menstrual cycle.
    Intern Med J 2015 Jul;45(7):725-31
    Department of Clinical Science, Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Umeå Neurosteroid Research Center, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Background: Acute intermittent porphyria (AIP), a life-threatening form of the disease, is accompanied by several pain, mental and physical symptoms.

    Aims: In this study, we evaluated the cyclicity of AIP and premenstrual syndrome (PMS) symptoms in 32 women with DNA-diagnosed AIP during their menstrual cycles, in northern Sweden.

    Methods: The cyclicity of AIP symptoms and differences in them between the follicular and luteal phases, and the cyclicity of each symptom in each individual woman in different phases of her menstrual cycle were analysed with a prospective daily rating questionnaire. Read More

    Is Menstrual Dysphonia Associated With Greater Disability and Lower Quality of Life?
    J Voice 2016 Jan 11;30(1):88-92. Epub 2015 Apr 11.
    Division of Phoniatrics and Audiology, Department of Mental and Physical Health and Preventive Medicine, University of Naples SUN, Naples, Italy.
    Objectives: The aim of the present study had been to examine the relationships between menstrual dysphonia and measures of psychosocial distress, in a sample of female professional voice users.

    Design And Methods: This is a prospective study of 52 consecutive professional voice users, aged 18-40 years, affected by transient dysphonia related to the menstrual cycle and recruited in the Division of Phoniatrics and Audiology of the Second University of Naples, from April 2011 to September 2014. The following evaluation protocol was used: videoendoscopy, the GIRBAS scale, the Voice Handicap Index, and the determination of sexual hormonal plasma levels both during the menstrual and the luteal phase of the cycle. Read More

    Muscle Damage Response in Female Collegiate Athletes After Repeated Sprint Activity.
    J Strength Cond Res 2015 Oct;29(10):2802-7
    1Department of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation, Northumbria University, Newcastle, United Kingdom; and 2Water Research Group, School of Environmental Sciences and Development, Northwest University, Potchefstroom, South Africa.
    Exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD) is a well-investigated area, however there is a paucity of data surrounding the damage response in females. The aim of this study was to examine the damage responses from a sport-specific bout of repeated sprints in female athletes. Eleven well-trained females (mean ± SD; age: 22 ± 3 years; height: 166. Read More

    Menstrual cycle, sex hormones in female inflammatory bowel disease patients with and without surgery.
    J Dig Dis 2015 May;16(5):245-55
    Department of Gastroenterology/Hepatology, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.
    Healthy women at reproductive age experience a cyclical alteration of gastrointestinal (GI) symptomatology during their menstrual cycle. Additionally, the majority of healthy women also complain of worsening of GI symptoms either during the premenstrual or menstrual phase. Despite conflicting evidence, studies suggest that sex hormones may increase GI transit time during the luteal phase. Read More

    Comparison of live-birth defects after luteal-phase ovarian stimulation vs. conventional ovarian stimulation for in vitro fertilization and vitrified embryo transfer cycles.
    Fertil Steril 2015 May 23;103(5):1194-1201.e2. Epub 2015 Mar 23.
    Department of Assisted Reproduction, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:
    Objective: To assess live-birth defects after a luteal-phase ovarian-stimulation regimen (LPS) for in vitro fertilization (IVF) and vitrified embryo transfer (ET) cycles.

    Design: Retrospective cohort study.

    Setting: Tertiary-care academic medical center. Read More

    Catamenial epilepsy: Update on prevalence, pathophysiology and treatment from the findings of the NIH Progesterone Treatment Trial.
    Seizure 2015 May 23;28:18-25. Epub 2015 Feb 23.
    Harvard Medical School, Harvard Neuroendocrine Unit, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA 02481, USA. Electronic address:
    Purpose: To extend our knowledge and practical application of the concept of catamenial epilepsy.

    Methods: The review focuses on the impact of the NIH Progesterone Trial on our understanding of the pathophysiology and treatment of catamenial epilepsy.

    Results: Catamenial epilepsy refers to the cyclic exacerbation of seizures in relation to the menstrual cycle. Read More

    Systematic and meta-analytic review of research examining the impact of menstrual cycle phase and ovarian hormones on smoking and cessation.
    Nicotine Tob Res 2015 Apr;17(4):407-21
    Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT;
    Introduction: To determine the effect of ovarian hormones on smoking, we conducted a systematic review of menstrual cycle effects on smoking (i.e., ad lib smoking, smoking topography, and subjective effects) and cessation-related behaviors (i. Read More

    Influence of menstrual cycle phase on neural and craving responses to appetitive smoking cues in naturally cycling females.
    Nicotine Tob Res 2015 Apr 11;17(4):390-7. Epub 2015 Mar 11.
    Department of Psychiatry, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104.
    Introduction: Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) has been used extensively in an attempt to understand brain vulnerabilities that mediate maladaptive responses to drug cues. Using perfusion fMRI, we have consistently shown reward-related activation (medial orbitofrontal cortex/ventral striatum) to smoking cues (SCs). Because preclinical and clinical studies generally show that progesterone may reduce reward and craving, we hypothesized that females in the follicular phase of the cycle (FPs; when progesterone levels are low) would have greater reward-related neural responses to SCs compared with females in the luteal phase (LPs). Read More

    Luteal phase support in in vitro fertilization.
    Semin Reprod Med 2015 Mar 3;33(2):118-27. Epub 2015 Mar 3.
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.
    It has been well demonstrated that luteal phase physiology is disrupted in in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles conducted with either gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonists or antagonists, and that supplementation of the luteal phase with either exogenous progesterone or human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is necessary to optimize IVF cycle outcomes. Though both progesterone and hCG supplementation resulted in comparable pregnancy rates, hCG supplementation was associated with increased risk for ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS). For that reason progesterone has been used for luteal support by most IVF programs around the world. Read More

    Gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist use to guide diagnosis and treatment of autoimmune progesterone dermatitis.
    Obstet Gynecol 2015 May;125(5):1114-6
    Maine Medical Center, Portland, Maine.
    Background: Autoimmune progesterone dermatitis is a catamenial disorder traditionally diagnosed by subcutaneous or intramuscular progesterone challenge. Little has been reported regarding the use of a gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist with a progestin add-back challenge to diagnose and guide management of this condition.

    Case: A 50-year-old premenopausal woman presented with cyclic facial rash minimally responsive to standard treatment. Read More

    Altered uterine contractility in women with chronic endometritis.
    Fertil Steril 2015 Apr 11;103(4):1049-52. Epub 2015 Feb 11.
    Second Unit of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Department of Biomedical and Human Oncological Science (DIMO), University of Bari, Bari, Italy. Electronic address:
    Objective: To evaluate the alterations in endometrial waves (EW) originating from the contraction of the subendometrial myometrial layer in the periovulatory and midluteal phases in women diagnosed with chronic endometritis (CE).

    Design: Case-control study.

    Setting: University hospital. Read More

    Progesterone and the luteal phase: a requisite to reproduction.
    Obstet Gynecol Clin North Am 2015 Mar 5;42(1):135-51. Epub 2015 Jan 5.
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, CB 7570, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA.
    Progesterone production from the corpus luteum is critical for natural reproduction. Progesterone supplementation seems to be an important aspect of any assisted reproductive technology treatment. Luteal phase deficiency in natural cycles is a plausible cause of infertility and pregnancy loss, though there is no adequate diagnostic test. Read More

    Disruption of estrous cycle homeostasis in mice with experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis.
    J Neuroimmunol 2015 Feb 10;279:71-4. Epub 2015 Jan 10.
    Department of Immunology, Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA; Department of Molecular Medicine, Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA. Electronic address:
    Multiple sclerosis (MS) is widely viewed as a prototypic human autoimmune disease involving proinflammatory T cells that induce lesions in the central nervous system (CNS) in response to myelin self proteins. Although the impact of sex hormones on MS is well recognized, the converse effects of autoimmunity on sex hormones are still unclear. The current study was designed to assess the impact of CNS autoimmunity on female reproductive physiology. Read More

    Menstrual cycle phase does not affect sympathetic neural activity in women with postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome.
    J Physiol 2015 May 19;593(9):2131-43. Epub 2015 Mar 19.
    Institute for Exercise and Environmental Medicine, Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital Dallas, Dallas, TX, USA; University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA.
    Key Points: Women with the postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS) report fluctuations in orthostatic tolerance throughout the menstrual cycle. The mechanism(s) underlying blood pressure control across the menstrual cycle in women with POTS are unknown. The findings of the present study indicate that the menstrual cycle does not affect muscle sympathetic nerve activity but modulates blood pressure and vasoconstriction in POTS women during orthostatic stress. Read More

    Basal serum anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) is a promising test in prediction of occurrence of pregnancy rate in infertile women undergoing ICSI cycles.
    Clin Lab 2014 ;60(10):1717-23
    Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the predictive value of basal serum AMH for prediction of quality of the embryos, and pregnancy rate in infertile patients undergoing intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles.

    Methods: This prospective study included 110 patients. All were subjected to the following on the first 3 days of the cycle prior to starting induction program; full history taken, systematic and local pelvic examination, routine investigations such as CBC, liver and kidney function tests, transvaginal ultrasound scan to assess the uterus, ovaries and to exclude any pelvic pathology. Read More

    External urethral sphincter electromyography in asymptomatic women and the influence of the menstrual cycle.
    BJU Int 2015 Sep 4;116(3):423-31. Epub 2015 May 4.
    Department of Urology, Salford Royal NHS Foundation Trust, Salford, UK.
    Objective: To investigate by electromyography (EMG), the presence of complex repetitive discharges (CRDs) and decelerating bursts (DBs) in the striated external urethral sphincter during the menstrual cycle in female volunteers with no urinary symptoms and complete bladder emptying.

    Subjects And Methods: Healthy female volunteers aged 20-40 years, with regular menstrual cycles and no urinary symptoms were recruited. Volunteers completed a menstruation chart, urinary symptom questionnaires, pregnancy test, urine dipstick, urinary free flow and post-void ultrasound bladder scan. Read More

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