54 results match your criteria Lung Postprimary


Pulmonary Tuberculosis: Role of Radiology in Diagnosis and Management.

Radiographics 2017 Jan-Feb;37(1):52-72

From the Department of Radiology, University of Pennsylvania, 3400 Spruce St, 1 Silverstein, Suite 130, Philadelphia, PA 19104 (A.C.N., E.J.M.B., S.I.K., M.M.H.); Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Mo (K.R.); Department of Radiology (X.S.) and Department of Medicine, Section of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine (E.S.G.), Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Tex; Department of Diagnostic Radiology, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Tex (G.S.S.); Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging, University of Texas Medical School at Houston, Houston, Tex (D.O.); and Department of Radiology, Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, Tex (A.E.S.).

Tuberculosis is a public health problem worldwide, including in the United States-particularly among immunocompromised patients and other high-risk groups. Tuberculosis manifests in active and latent forms. Active disease can occur as primary tuberculosis, developing shortly after infection, or postprimary tuberculosis, developing after a long period of latent infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1148/rg.2017160032DOI Listing
September 2017
12 Reads

Relation between smear positivity and imaging findings in children with pulmonary tuberculosis.

Int J Mycobacteriol 2016 Dec 19;5 Suppl 1:S163. Epub 2016 Sep 19.

Department of Pediatric Respiratory Medicine, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Pediatric Respiratory Diseases Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NRITLD), Masih Daneshvari Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Objective/background: We investigated the relationship between high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) imaging manifestation of tuberculosis (TB) in childhood and the results of sputum smear. The aim of this study was to identify an alternative indicator of infectivity to prevent disease transmission through special isolation methods in children who have a clinical condition that suggests TB.

Methods: This retrospective comparative study was performed on 95 children under the age of 15years with a diagnosis of TB based on World Health Organization criteria and laboratory data (smear and culture positive for Mycobacterium tuberculosis). Read More

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http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S221255311630072
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijmyco.2016.08.007DOI Listing
December 2016
8 Reads

Postprimary Tuberculosis and Macrophage Necrosis: Is There a Big ConNECtion?

MBio 2016 Jan 12;7(1):e01589-15. Epub 2016 Jan 12.

Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York, USA

Adult or postprimary tuberculosis (TB) accounts for most TB cases. Its hallmark is pulmonary cavitation, which occurs as a result of necrosis in the lung in individuals with tuberculous pneumonia. Postprimary TB has previously been known to be associated with vascular thrombosis and delayed-type hypersensitivity, but their roles in pulmonary cavitation are unclear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/mBio.01589-15DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4724999PMC
January 2016
11 Reads

Clinical Aspects of Adult Tuberculosis.

Cold Spring Harb Perspect Med 2015 Feb 6;6(1):a017848. Epub 2015 Feb 6.

Division of Infection and Immunity, University College London, Consultant Infectious Diseases Physician, University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London NW3 2PF, United Kingdom.

Tuberculosis (TB) in adults can present in a large number of ways. The lung is the predominant site of TB. Primary pulmonary TB should be distinguished from postprimary pulmonary TB, which is the most frequent TB manifestation in adults (70%-80% cases). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1101/cshperspect.a017848DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4691808PMC
February 2015
3 Reads

Surgery for the sequelae of postprimary tuberculosis.

Thorac Surg Clin 2012 Aug;22(3):287-300

Service de Chirurgie Thoracique, Hôpitaux Universitaires de Strasbourg, 1, place de l'hôpital, 67091 Strasbourg, France.

This review describes diagnosis and management of sequelae of post-primary tuberculosis. It addresses elementary lesions such as bronciectasis, fibrostenosis, cavitation and broncholithiasis, the more complex situation of destroyed lung, and complications such as aspergilloma, hemoptysis and broncho-esophageal fistula. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.thorsurg.2012.05.006DOI Listing
August 2012
4 Reads

Lung and lupus vulgaris.

Lung India 2011 Apr;28(2):127-9

Department of Medicine, PSGIMS and R, Peelamedu, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India.

Lupus vulgaris is chronic, postprimary, paucibacillary cutaneous tuberculosis found in individuals with moderate immunity and high degree of tuberculin sensitivity. Eighty percent of the lesions are on the head and neck. We present the case of a 38 year old lady who was admitted with complaints of worsening breathlessness and low grade fever of one month duration. Read More

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http://www.lungindia.com/text.asp?2011/28/2/127/80327
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0970-2113.80327DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3109836PMC
April 2011
6 Reads

Immunopathology of postprimary tuberculosis: increased T-regulatory cells and DEC-205-positive foamy macrophages in cavitary lesions.

Clin Dev Immunol 2011 21;2011:307631. Epub 2010 Dec 21.

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Texas Medical School at Houston, 6431 Fannin, MSB 2.136, Houston, TX 77030, USA.

Postprimary tuberculosis occurs in immunocompetent people infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis. It is restricted to the lung and accounts for 80% of cases and nearly 100% of transmission. Little is known about the immunopathology of postprimary tuberculosis due to limited availability of specimens. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/307631DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3010642PMC
June 2011
9 Reads

Increasing rate of childhood tuberculosis in a region of east Croatia.

Pediatr Int 2007 Apr;49(2):183-9

Children's Department, General Hospital Dr Josip Bencević, Slavonski Brod, Croatia.

Background: The incidence of childhood tuberculosis as well as the number of children being in contact with persons having tuberculosis has increased in the region of Slavonski Brod during the past decade (1993-2003). The region is located in east Croatia along the border with Bosnia and close to the besieged and destroyed town of Vukovar. The region was heavily involved in recent military activities and migrations in Croatia and Bosnia (1991-1995). Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/j.1442-200X.2007.02327.x
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1442-200X.2007.02327.xDOI Listing
April 2007
6 Reads

Pathology of postprimary tuberculosis in humans and mice: contradiction of long-held beliefs.

Tuberculosis (Edinb) 2007 Jul 21;87(4):267-78. Epub 2007 Mar 21.

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Texas-Houston Medical School, MSB 2.136, 6431 Fannin, Houston, TX 77030, USA.

Tuberculosis remains one of the world's leading infectious causes of death. Approximately 80% of all disease is due to postprimary (secondary) tuberculosis in the lung. Unfortunately, tissues of developing lesions are seldom available and there are no recognized models of postprimary tuberculosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tube.2006.11.003DOI Listing
July 2007
6 Reads

Clinical investigation of cavitary tuberculosis and tuberculous pneumonia.

Korean J Intern Med 2006 Dec;21(4):230-5

Department of Internal Medicine, Chungbuk National University College of Medicine, Cheongju, Korea.

Background: [corrected] The radiographic characteristics of tuberculous pneumonia in adults are similar to primary tuberculosis that occurs in childhood, and upper lobe cavitary tuberculosis is the hallmark of postprimary tuberculosis. The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors associated with tuberculous pneumonia by making comparison with cavitary tuberculosis.

Methods: The medical records and radiographic findings of patients with cavitary tuberculosis and tuberculous pneumonia, and who were diagnosed between March 2003 and February 2006, were analyzed retrospectively. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3891027PMC
December 2006
4 Reads

Differential organization of the local immune response in patients with active cavitary tuberculosis or with nonprogressive tuberculoma.

J Infect Dis 2005 Jul 27;192(1):89-97. Epub 2005 May 27.

Department of Immunology, Max-Planck-Institute for Infection Biology, Institute for Infection Medicine, Charite University Medicine, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Berlin, Germany.

Background: In 90% of all cases, Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection results in latency rather than active disease, with the pathogen being contained within granulomatous lesions at the site of primary infection. Failure of this containment leads to reactivation of postprimary tuberculosis (TB). The regional immune processes that sustain the delicate balance with persistent M. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/430621DOI Listing
July 2005
9 Reads

Radiological manifestations of pulmonary tuberculosis.

Eur J Radiol 2004 Aug;51(2):139-49

Department of Radiology, HGU Vall d'Hebron, Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona, Paseo Vall d'Hebron 116, Barcelona 08032, Spain.

Pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) is a common worldwide lung infection. The radiological features show considerable variation, but in most cases they are characteristic enough to suggest the diagnosis. Classically, tuberculosis is divided into primary, common in childhood, and postprimary, usually presenting in adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejrad.2004.03.009DOI Listing
August 2004
9 Reads

Pulmonary tuberculosis: CT and pathologic correlation.

J Comput Assist Tomogr 2000 Sep-Oct;24(5):691-8

Department of Radiology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Typical CT findings of active postprimary pulmonary tuberculosis include centrilobular nodules and branching linear structures (tree-in-bud appearance), lobular consolidation, cavitation, and bronchial wall thickening. The CT findings of inactive pulmonary tuberculosis include calcified nodules or consolidation, irregular linear opacity, parenchymal bands, and pericicatricial emphysema. The typical appearance of primary tuberculosis on CT scans is homogeneous, dense, well-defined segmental or lobar consolidation with enlargement of lymph nodes in the hilum or the mediastinum. Read More

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November 2000
7 Reads

[Incidence and pattern of bronchial system lesions in patients with respiratory tuberculosis under the present conditions].

Authors:
G N Tamashakina

Probl Tuberk 1999 (6):26-30

The paper presents the detection rates of active and inactive bronchial tuberculosis in patients with different clinical forms of respiratory tuberculosis in 1988-1989 (90 patients) and 1996-1997 (384 patients), comparatively characterizes the clinical forms of bronchial tuberculosis. There was a substantial increase in the detection rates of postprimary active and inactive bronchial tuberculosis. Read More

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April 2000
6 Reads

Diagnostic imaging of pulmonary tuberculosis.

Rays 1998 Jan-Mar;23(1):93-114

Istituto di Radiologia, Università Cattolica del S. Cuore, Policlinico A. Gemelli, Roma, Italy.

Pulmonary tuberculosis in its primary and postprimary form is a widespread disease. Radiologic and CT findings in the acute phase of the disease, its many different aspects, as well as the alterations observed following the outcomes of tuberculosis at the parenchymal and pleural level, are examined. Read More

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August 1998
5 Reads

Pulmonary and extrapulmonary tuberculosis.

Authors:
L Ortona G Federico

Rays 1998 Jan-Mar;23(1):64-77

Istituto di Clinica delle Malattie Infettive, Università Cattolica del S. Cuore, Policlinico A. Gemelli, Roma, Italy.

Pulmonary tuberculosis: primary tuberculosis, usually asymptomatic, represents the first infection and is shown by a parenchymal mostly mid-pulmonary focus and satellite lymphadenopathy. Postprimary pulmonary tuberculosis, mostly located in the upper fields may be caused by endogenous reinfection for reactivation of a hematogenous focus formed during primary infection or from exogenous reinfection. Extrapulmonary tuberculosis: it includes numerous forms mostly from hematogenous spread. Read More

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August 1998
5 Reads

High resolution chest CT in tuberculosis: evolutive patterns and signs of activity.

J Comput Assist Tomogr 1997 Jul-Aug;21(4):601-7

Service de Radiologie, CHU de Fort de France, Martinique.

Purpose: The purpose of our study was to determine evolutive patterns and signs of active tuberculosis on high resolution CT (HRCT) scans.

Method: We followed up over 15 months 27 patients with postprimary pulmonary tuberculosis that was proven bacteriologically. CT scans were performed before, during, and after 6 months of anti-tuberculosis treatment. Read More

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July 1997
5 Reads

Role of thoracic surgery for childhood tuberculosis.

World J Surg 1997 Jun;21(5):468-74

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, School of Medicine, University of Cape Town, South Africa.

Lymphadenopathy is the hallmark of intrathoracic tuberculosis in children. The role of the thoracic surgeon in treating childhood tuberculosis is to relieve the more severe symptoms of lymphadenopathy, prevent the more long-term secondary damage that lymphadenopathy may cause to the lung, and treat the sequelae of thoracic tuberculosis. We reviewed the role of surgery in childhood tuberculosis at Red Cross Children Hospital from January 1981 to January 1996 in 161 children under 13 who were admitted for 168 therapeutic surgical interventions for proved intrathoracic tuberculosis and its related complications. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007/PL00012271.pdf
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June 1997
11 Reads

Atypical locations of pulmonary tuberculosis and the influence of the roentgenographic patterns and sample type in its diagnosis.

Respiration 1997 ;64(4):296-9

Servicio de Neumología, Hospital Ramón y Cajal, Madrid, España.

In 97 cases of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB), we analyzed the incidence of atypical roentgenographic locations, roentgenographic patterns, the correlation between the diagnostic yield and the roentgenographic pattern and the usefulness of simple or induced sputum (82 cases), bronchoaspirate (BAS; 29 cases), postfiberoptic bronchoscopy sputum (PFBS; 16 cases) and how the different tests supplemented each other. Atypical locations were defined as those not corresponding to classic primary and postprimary PTB. This atypical-location PTB index was 8. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000196690DOI Listing
September 1997
5 Reads

Evaluation of the solitary pulmonary nodule by positron emission tomography imaging.

Eur Respir J 1996 Mar;9(3):410-4

Dept of Pneumology, CHU Liège, Belgium.

Current noninvasive imaging methods are not sufficiently reliable for accurate detection of malignancy in most solitary pulmonary nodules (SPNs). Positron emission tomography (PET) using 18-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG), showing increased FDG uptake and retention in malignant cells, has proved useful to differentiate malignant from benign tissue and could, therefore, contribute to the evaluation of the SPN. We performed a prospective study of 50 patients referred to the Pneumology Department with unclear diagnoses of SPN after conventional radiological screening. Read More

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March 1996
5 Reads

Pulmonary tuberculosis: comparison of CT findings in HIV-seropositive and HIV-seronegative patients.

Radiology 1996 Mar;198(3):687-91

Department of Radiology, Hôpital Pitié-Salpétrière, Paris, France.

Purpose: To determine the differences in the computed tomographic (CT) appearance of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) between patients with and patients without human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection.

Materials And Methods: CT scans and chest radiographs of 42 HIV-seropositive and 42 HIV-seronegative patients with pulmonary TB were reviewed. CD4 T-lymphocyte counts, measured in 40 seropositive patients, were at least 200 cells per microliter in 10 patients and were less that 200 cells per microliter in 30. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1148/radiology.198.3.8628855DOI Listing
March 1996
4 Reads

CT of pulmonary tuberculosis.

Authors:
J G Im H Itoh M C Han

Semin Ultrasound CT MR 1995 Oct;16(5):420-34

Department of Radiology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Korea.

CT scans in patients with primary tuberculosis commonly show lymphohematogenous spread of the disease, whereas those of postprimary (reactivation) tuberculosis commonly show bronchogenic spread. High-resolution CT (HCRT) is extremely helpful in understanding pathomorphological changes, mode of spread of the disease, and sequential morphological change after antituberculous chemotherapy, and possibly in diagnosing activity of the disease. Centrilobular 2- to 4-mm nodules or branching linear lesions representing intrabronchiolar and peribronchiolar caseation necrosis are the most common findings of early bronchogenic spread of tuberculosis. Read More

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October 1995
4 Reads

Radiologic manifestations of pulmonary tuberculosis.

Radiol Clin North Am 1995 Jul;33(4):655-78

Department of Radiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, USA.

In summary, the following points are reemphasized: 1. The chest film is the mainstay in the radiologic evaluation of suspected or proven pulmonary TB. CT is occasionally useful for clarifying confusing findings but has not been conclusively shown to have a significant impact on patient management. Read More

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July 1995
13 Reads

CT-pathology correlation of pulmonary tuberculosis.

Crit Rev Diagn Imaging 1995 ;36(3):227-85

Department of Radiology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Korea.

Pulmonary tuberculosis is a chronic granulomatous disease characterized radiologically by nodules, air-space consolidation, propensity for cavitation, and calcification, and pathologically by caseating granulomas or pneumonia, and a great propensity for fibrosis and dystrophic calcification. Primary tuberculosis typically appears as air-space consolidation with hilar or mediastinal lymphadenitis. Postprimary tuberculosis appears most commonly as nodular and linear opacities at the lung apex. Read More

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November 1995
6 Reads

Active pulmonary tuberculosis in patients with AIDS: spectrum of radiographic findings (including a normal appearance).

Radiology 1994 Oct;193(1):115-9

Department of Radiology, St. Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital Center, New York, NY.

Purpose: To assess the efficacy of chest radiography in the detection of active pulmonary tuberculosis in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).

Materials And Methods: Initial interpretations of chest radiographs of 133 adult patients with AIDS and positive sputum or bronchoalveolar lavage cultures for Mycobacterium tuberculosis were reviewed. Radiographic findings were correlated with CD4 T-cell counts, sputum stains for acid-fast bacilli (AFB), and antituberculous drug sensitivity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1148/radiology.193.1.7916467DOI Listing
October 1994
6 Reads

[Clinical, radiologic and morphologic characteristics of localized forms of pulmonary tuberculosis. Tuberculosis and hypoplasia].

Vestn Rentgenol Radiol 1994 Jul-Aug(4):11-6

Clinical and x-ray examinations and study of operation material from 555 patients with local forms of tuberculosis permitted the authors to distinguish three form of the condition: tuberculoma (77% of cases), cavitary (cavernous) tuberculosis (16%), and tuberculosis of the bronchi (5%). Morphologic investigations showed the local tuberculosis develops at small sites of pulmonary tissue hypoplasia. Sites of hypoplasia are usually concentrated in the pulmonary segments which are formed in the postnatal period, thus explaining the typical localization of a postprimary tuberculous focus. Read More

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July 1995
4 Reads

Radiologic features of pulmonary tuberculosis: an assessment of 188 cases.

Can Assoc Radiol J 1994 Apr;45(2):101-7

Department of Radiology, Toronto Hospital, Toronto General Division, Ont.

To assess the radiologic patterns of presentation of active pulmonary tuberculosis, the authors studied all patients with active, culture-proven pulmonary tuberculosis who presented in British Columbia between May 1989 and May 1991. The chest radiographs were assessed by two observers. Epidemiologic data were collected to allow examination of differences among ethnic groups. Read More

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April 1994
4 Reads

[Modern surgical treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis].

Acta Chir Iugosl 1994 ;41(2):135-8

Institut za plućne bolesti i TBC RS KCS, Centar za grudnu hirurgiju Beograd.

Correctly performed antituberculous chemotherapy, together with the early diagnostics of tuberculosis, significantly lowered the need for surgery. Surgery is limited to patients with poor or no response to chemotherapy. In the period between 1983-1992 212 tuberculous patients were operated in the Clinic for Thoracic surgery, the Institute for the Pulmonary Disease the operated patients had the following form of the disease: primary tuberculosis in 4 patients (1. Read More

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July 1995
6 Reads

Pulmonary tuberculosis in children.

Semin Roentgenol 1993 Apr;28(2):158-72

Department of Radiology, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, PA 19104.

TB is no longer the scourge it once was, but it remains an important cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Fueled by increasing poverty, homelessness, immigration, drug abuse, declining prevention programs, and the HIV epidemic, its incidence in the United States has increased dramatically. The complex natural history of pulmonary TB in children is reflected in its varied radiographic manifestations. Read More

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April 1993
4 Reads

CT appearance of pulmonary tuberculosis in diabetic and immunocompromised patients: comparison with patients who had no underlying disease.

AJR Am J Roentgenol 1992 Dec;159(6):1175-9

Department of Radiology, Osaka University Medical School, Japan.

Objective: It has been stated, but not adequately assessed, that pulmonary tuberculosis in diabetic or immunocompromised patients often has an atypical pattern and distribution. To evaluate the CT features of pulmonary tuberculosis in diabetic or immunocompromised patients compared with patients without underlying disease, we performed this retrospective study.

Materials And Methods: We reviewed conventional CT scans (n = 100) and high-resolution CT scans (n = 16) of the chest in 110 adult patients with active postprimary tuberculosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2214/ajr.159.6.1442377DOI Listing
December 1992
5 Reads

[Analysis of hospitalized tuberculosis patients at the Institute for Pulmonary Diseases and Tuberculosis in Belgrade, Serbia during 1988].

Plucne Bolesti 1990 Jan-Jun;42(1-2):117-22

Univerzitetski Klinicki Centar, Beograd.

The report presents the analysis of TB patients treated at the Institute for lung diseases and tuberculosis of SR of Serbia during 1988--a total of 567 or 10.18% of discharged patients. There were 77% TB patients from Belgrade and 23% from the province. Read More

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November 1990
2 Reads

Update: the radiographic features of pulmonary tuberculosis.

AJR Am J Roentgenol 1986 Mar;146(3):497-506

Pulmonary tuberculosis produces a broad spectrum of radiographic abnormalities. During the primary phase of the disease these include pulmonary consolidation (50%), which often involves the middle or lower lobes or the anterior segment of an upper lobe; cavitation (29%) or pneumatocele formation (12%); segmental or lobar atelectasis (18%); pleural effusion (24%); hilar and mediastinal lymphadenopathy (35%); disseminated miliary disease (6%); and a normal chest radiograph (15%). During the postprimary phase of the disease, common abnormalities include exudative and/or fibroproductive parenchymal densities (100%), predominantly in the apical and posterior segments of the upper lobes (91%); cavitation (45%) with bronchogenic spread of disease (21%); marked fibrotic response in the lungs (29%); and pleural effusion, empyema, and fibrosis (18%, 4%, and 41%, respectively). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2214/ajr.146.3.497DOI Listing
March 1986
4 Reads

[Castleman's pseudotumor in postprimary pulmonary tuberculosis].

Authors:
A Angelov

Zentralbl Allg Pathol 1983 ;127(5-6):315-9

A 71 years old man with a Castleman's pseudotumor (hyaline vascular type) grown in the pleural cavity above the apex of the left lung is described. The pseudotumor developed on the background of a postprimary pulmonary tuberculosis with tuberculous empyema and hematogenous dissemination. Read More

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September 1983
5 Reads

[Pathogenesis of pulmonary tuberculosis (author's transl)].

Authors:
V Haenselt

Zentralbl Chir 1982 ;107(5-6):267-72

The essential processes and stages in the evolution of pulmonary tuberculosis include the primary tuberculosis forming the uncomplicated primary complex, and the progressive primary complex resulting in a bronchogenic or - more frequently - in a haematogenic dissemination. The postprimary (secondary) tuberculosis of the adult develops from haematogenic apical lesions either immediately or after a prolonged interval. Generally, the postprimary tuberculosis is caused by reactivation, spreads bronchogenically in apicocaudal direction, thus leading to an isolated phthisis of the lung. Read More

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August 1982
3 Reads

[Pulmonary tuberculosis today-revisited (author's transl)].

Authors:
H S Stender H Eckel

Radiologe 1981 Mar;21(3):116-21

The diagnosis and differential diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis--in spite of its general decline in frequency--remains an important task, even today. There are certain types of opacification which should make one think of TB. A pulmonary nodule--with or without hilar involvement--in an adult may represent primary TB. Read More

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March 1981
4 Reads

Unusual radiographic findings in adult pulmonary tuberculosis.

AJR Am J Roentgenol 1980 May;134(5):1015-8

To determine the frequency of unusual chest radiographic findings in adults (older than 15 years) with pulmonary tuberculosis, charts and radiographs of 270 consecutive cases seen in a 12 month period were reviewed. Radiographic findings not typical of primary or postprimary disease (reinfection) were arbitrarily classified as unusual. The incidence of such findings (8%) was considerably lower than in several recent reports (25%, 29%). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2214/ajr.134.5.1015DOI Listing
May 1980
4 Reads

The pathogenesis of pulmonary and miliary tuberculosis.

Authors:
E F Geppert A Leff

Arch Intern Med 1979 Dec;139(12):1381-3

Tuberculosis is spread from human to human by airborne transmission; it is not a highly infectious disease. Primary infection remits in 90% of cases and is progressive in the remainder; it is accompanied by lymphohematogenous seeding of many organs, and reactivation may occur as early as three months or many years after initial infection. Primary infection generally confers immunity from subsequent reinfection. Read More

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December 1979
4 Reads

Clinical and roentgenographic spectrum of pulmonary tuberculosis in the adult.

Am J Med 1977 Jan;62(1):31-8

In order to define the roentgenographic manifestations of pulmonary tuberculosis in the adult, we reviewed a 12 month experience with newly diagnosed patients with active pulmonary tuberculosis in two Boston hospitals. Of 88 patients, 30 (34 per cent) presented with roentgenographic manifestations other than those associated with "usual" postprimary disease. At least 12 patients (13. Read More

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January 1977
6 Reads

[ON PRIMARY AND POSTPRIMARY PULMONARY TUBERCULOSIS].

Authors:
P SCHWARTZ

Tuberkulosearzt 1963 Nov;17:667-80

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November 1963
3 Reads

[Incidence of primary and postprimary tuberculosis in individuals dying of tuberculosis at ages between 13 and 20].

Authors:
V ROCCO S MARCATILI

Arch Tisiol Mal Appar Respir 1961 Nov;16:962-4

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November 1961
3 Reads

[Pseudocoxitis in postprimary tuberculosis in childhood].

Authors:
H TIETZ

Z Orthop Ihre Grenzgeb 1958 ;89(4):554-7

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July 2000
3 Reads

[Postprimary tuberculosis in childhood].

Authors:
E RUCCI

G Ital Della Tuberc 1956 Jul-Aug;10(4):258-9

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May 2002
5 Reads