842,423 results match your criteria Lung India : official organ of Indian Chest Society[Journal]
Photodermatol Photoimmunol Photomed 2018 Dec 16. Epub 2018 Dec 16.
University of New South Wales, High St, Kensington, New South Wales, 2052, Australia.
A 49-year-old female presented with an acneiform eruption induced by erlotinib. She had been diagnosed with Stage IV (T1N3M1) EGFR mutant adenocarcinoma of the lung and commenced on erlotinib 150mg daily. Within three days she developed an acneiform eruption prompting empiric treatment with topical hydrocortisone and systemic doxycycline 100mg daily. Read More
Allergy 2018 Dec 16. Epub 2018 Dec 16.
Center of Allergy and Environment (ZAUM), Technical University of Munich and Helmholtz Center Munich, member of the German Center for Lung Research, 80802, Munich, Germany.
Background: Eicosanoid lipid mediators play key roles in type 2 immune responses, e.g. in allergy and asthma. Read More
Radiol Med 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
S. C. Radioterapia, ASST dei Sette Laghi-Ospedale di Circolo e Fondazione Macchi, Varese, Italy.
Aims: To evaluate the use of radiotherapy (RT) for oligometastatic cancer (OMC) among radiation oncologists in Lombardy, Italy.
Methods And Study Design: A survey with 12 items regarding data of 2016 was sent to all 34 Lombardy RT centers. The survey included six general items and six specific items regarding patient/disease/treatment characteristics. Read More
Adv Ther 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
U.O. di Pneumologia e Terapia Semi-Intensiva Respiratoria - Servizio di Fisiopatologia Respiratoria ed Emodinamica Polmonare, Ospedale San Giuseppe - MultiMedica IRCCS, Milan, Italy.
The presence of rare comorbidities in patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD) presents a diagnostic challenge to cardiologists. In evaluating these patients, cardiologists are faced with a unique opportunity to shorten diagnosis times and direct patients towards correct treatment pathways. Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), a type of interstitial lung disease (ILD), is an example of a rare disease where patients frequently demonstrate comorbid CVD. Read More
Adv Ther 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.
Introduction: Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a progressive, genetic disease that causes persistent lung infections and limits the ability to breathe over time. The combination of a cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) corrector and potentiator has provided a benefit by decreasing sweat chloride concentration in CF for the F508del-CFTR homozygous mutation, but it remains controversial in lung function, nutritional status, clinical score and safety.
Methods: The authors performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to evaluate the efficacy and safety of combination therapy on lung function, nutritional status, clinical score and safety in CF for the F508del-CFTR homozygous mutation. Read More
Curr Microbiol 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Institute of Immunology, College of Life Science and Technology, Dalian University, Dalian, 116622, Liaoning, China.
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) causes significant animal morbidity and mortality and economic losses worldwide. In this study, we analyzed the microbiota in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BAL), mucosa, and feces in cecum of the PRRSV-challenged pigs using the Illumina MiSeq sequencing platform, to investigate the role of microbiota in the pathogenesis and development of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS). Quantitative insights into microbial ecology analyses indicated that the dominant bacterial groups in the lung from the PRRSV-challenged pigs were Haemophilus parasuis and Mycoplasma hyorhinis, with a relative abundance of 35-48% and 27-41%, respectively. Read More
J Mol Med (Berl) 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Morehouse School of Medicine, Cardiovascular Research Institute, 720 Westview Drive SW, Atlanta, GA, 30310, USA.
Ischemic heart disease (IHD) is caused by the narrowing of arteries that work to provide blood, nutrients, and oxygen to the myocardial tissue. The worldwide epidemic of IHD urgently requires innovative treatments despite the significant advances in medical, interventional, and surgical therapies for this disease. Angiogenesis is a physiological and pathophysiological process that initiates vascular growth from pre-existing blood vessels in response to a lack of oxygen. Read More
Respiration 2018 Dec 14:1-11. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Pulmonology, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The
Background: In lung cancer staging, mediastinal lymph nodes are currently aspirated using endobronchial ultrasound transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) based on size and FDG-PET avidity. EBUS strain elastography (SE) is a new technique that may help predict the presence of malignancy. However, a standardized assessment strategy for EBUS-SE measurement is lacking. Read More
Respiration 2018 Dec 14:1-12. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou,
Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has become a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in China, with tobacco smoke, air pollution, and occupational biohazards being the major risk factors.
Objectives: The REACH trial is a multicenter, prospective, randomized controlled trial undertaken in China to assess the safety and effectiveness of the Spiration® Valve System (SVS) compared to standard medical care in COPD patients with severe emphysema.
Methods: Patients with severe airflow obstruction, hyperinflation, and severe dyspnea with interlobar fissure integrity were evaluated for enrollment. Read More
Respiration 2018 Dec 14:1-7. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Center for Interstitial and Rare Lung Diseases, Thoraxklinik, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg,
Background: Transbronchial cryobiopsy (cTBB) may offer an alternative to surgical lung biopsy (SLB) for histopathological diagnosis of interstitial lung diseases (ILDs). However, real-life experience is limited, although case series are increasingly reported.
Objectives: We aimed to evaluate the value of cTBB performed under real-life conditions in a tertiary care center for ILDs. Read More
J Neurosurg 2018 Dec 14:1-8. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
OBJECTIVEPreoperative stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) is a feasible alternative to postoperative SRS and may lower the risk of radiation necrosis (RN) and leptomeningeal disease (LMD) recurrence. The study goal was to report the efficacy and toxicity of preoperative SRS in an expanded patient cohort with longer follow-up period relative to prior reports.METHODSThe records for patients with brain metastases treated with preoperative SRS and planned resection were reviewed. Read More
Thorax 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College London, London, UK.
Introduction: Skeletal muscle dysfunction is a clinically important complication of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Growth/differentiation factor 15 (GDF-15), a prognostic marker in PAH, has been associated with muscle loss in other conditions. We aimed to define the associations of GDF-15 and muscle wasting in PAH, to assess its utility as a biomarker of muscle loss and to investigate its downstream signalling pathway as a therapeutic target. Read More
Thorax 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Division of Pulmonary, Allergy and Critical Care, Pittsburgh Heart, Lung and Blood Vascular Medicine Institute, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA.
Thorax 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Department of Pathology, Shuguang Hospital, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai, China.
Biomed Pharmacother 2018 Dec 13;110:825-833. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Department of Respiratory Medicine, The First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin, 130021, China. Electronic address:
Background: The long noncoding RNA colorectal neoplasia differentially expressed (CRNDE) was reported to be involved in the initiation and development of multiple cancers. However, the detailed biological role of CRNDE in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remains largely unclear. Herein, we aimed to explore the biological function and underlying molecular mechanism of CRNDE in NSCLC. Read More
Biomed Pharmacother 2018 Dec 13;110:758-763. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Shanghai University of Medicine & Health Sciences Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital South Campus, Shanghai 201499, PR China. Electronic address:
Although combination of surgery and chemo-radiotherapy could cure 80-95% of patients with early cervical cancer, there is still no satisfactory therapeutic strategies for locally advanced and metastatic cervical cancer patients. Our previous study has already investigated that CTHRC-1 is highly expressed not only in the local tissue but also in circulating serum of patients with cervical cancer and played important function on metastasis of cervical cancer cells. In present study, we aimed to see whether circulating specific monoclonal antibody (mAb) to CTHRC-1could inhibit the metastasis of advanced cervical cancer. Read More
Biomed Pharmacother 2018 Dec 12;110:727-732. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Pathophysiology, Department of Immunology, Medical School of Ningbo University, Ningbo, 315211, China. Electronic address:
Cigarette smoke (CS) is a very important cause of pulmonary inflammatory diseases. Interleukin (IL)-35 is a novel anti-inflammatory cytokine but its role in CS-mediated lung inflammation remains unclear. In the present study, we examined the effect of IL-35 expression on CS-induced lung inflammation in mice. Read More
Biosens Bioelectron 2018 Nov 19;126:773-784. Epub 2018 Nov 19.
Department of Nanotechnology, Faculty of Advanced Sciences and Technology, Tehran Medical Sciences , Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:
Cancer is one of the most important causes of mortality in the world, which can be severely reduced by early detection to avoid future problems in the field of economics and mental health. Hence, electrochemical nanobiosensors as portable devices for rapid detection of cancer biomarkers, have found an important place in clinical medicine for diagnosis, managements or cancer screening. Although, these biosensors have been receiving attention in the recent years, their principles are unchanged. Read More
Leuk Res 2018 Dec 5;76:48-52. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Hematology, Department of Translation and Precision Medicine, "Sapienza" University of Rome, Italy; Hematology Unit, S. Maria Goretti Hospital, AUSL Latina, Italy. Electronic address:
We compared 2-[fluorine-18] fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose PET-CT and contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT) in 62 consecutive patients with newly diagnosed Hodgkin Lymphoma (HL), aiming to provide evidences that may spare CECT from the staging procedures of HL patients. Among a total of 1448 nodal sites examined, disease involvement was detected in 232 (16%) and 280 (19.3%) nodal areas by CECT and PET-CT, respectively (P < 0. Read More
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Biosciences, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Exeter, Geoffrey Pope Building, Stocker Road, Exeter, Devon, EX4 4QD, UK.
Background: Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a light activated drug therapy that can be used to treat a number of cancers and precancers. It is particularly useful in its topical form in dermatology but improvement of efficacy is required to widen its application.
Methods: An ester between aminolaevulinic acid (ALA) and CP94 was synthesised (AP2-18) and experimentally evaluated to determine whether protoporphyrin IX (PpIX)-induced PDT effectiveness could be improved. Read More
Respir Physiol Neurobiol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Department of Physiopathology and Transplantations, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, Italy.
In 9 anesthetized, paralyzed dogs lung and chest-wall standard (viscous resistance, Rint, and quasi-static elastance, Est) and viscoelastic parameters (resistance, Rvel, and time constant, τvel) were measured in the supine posture before and after rib-cage block, after application of an expiratory threshold load, and after 75° head-up tilting before and after wide chest opening. Lung and chest-wall τvel were the same under all conditions. Rvel was independent of volume and posture, and greater for the lung. Read More
Lancet Respir Med 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
St George's, University of London, London, UK.
Lancet Respir Med 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Eur J Pharm Sci 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Multiphase Flow Systems (MPS), Institute of Process Engineering, Otto-von-Guericke-University (OvGU) Magdeburg, Zeppelinstraße 1, D-06130 Halle (Saale), Germany.
For about 15 years the performance of dry powder inhalers (DPIs) has been numerically analysed through CFD (computational fluid dynamics) approaches with the objective of understanding the evolving flow structures and the resulting transport of drug particles. Naturally the main interest is the numerical prediction of the emitted fine particle fraction (FPF) which is able to penetrate the lung airways. Due to the mostly used drug formulations (i. Read More
EBioMedicine 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Medical Oncology, Department of Precision Medicine, University of Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli", Naples, Italy.
Chem Biol Interact 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Priority Research Centre for Healthy Lungs, Hunter Medical Research Institute (HMRI) & School of Biomedical Sciences and Pharmacy, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW, 2308, Australia; Faculty of Science, University of Technology Sydney, Ultimo, NSW, 2007, Australia; Centre for Inflammation, Centenary Institute, Sydney, NSW, 2050, Australia.
Oxidative stress is intensely involved in enhancing the severity of various chronic respiratory diseases (CRDs) including asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), infections and lung cancer. Even though there are various existing anti-inflammatory therapies, which are not enough to control the inflammation caused due to various contributing factors such as anti-inflammatory genes and antioxidant enzymes. This leads to an urgent need of novel drug delivery systems to combat the oxidative stress. Read More
Clin Lung Cancer 2018 Nov 20. Epub 2018 Nov 20.
Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA; Hellen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA. Electronic address:
JACC Cardiovasc Imaging 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Cardiology, Bern University Hospital, Bern, Switzerland.
Objectives: This study assessed changes in optical coherence tomography (OCT)-defined plaque composition in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) receiving high-intensity statin treatment.
Background: OCT is a high-resolution modality capable of measuring plaque characteristics including fibrous cap thickness (FCT) and macrophage infiltration. There is limited in vivo evidence regarding the effects of statins on OCT-defined coronary atheroma composition and no evidence in the context of STEMI. Read More
JACC Cardiovasc Imaging 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Ann Pathol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Service de pathologie, hôpital universitaire Robert-Debré, AP-HP, 48, boulevard Sérurier, 75019 Paris, France; Université Diderot Paris 7 - SPC, 16, rue Huchard, 75018 Paris, France.
Pulmonary glial heterotopia is an extremely rare entity whose pathophysiology remains unclear. We report for the first time one case of pulmonary glial heterotopia occured in a one-month baby free from any malformation. She has the particularity of being born from monozygotic monochorionic twin pregnancy where her anencephalic exencephalic sister suffered a medical termination of pregnancy. Read More
Ann Pathol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Département de pathologie, CHU Bichat-Claude-Bernard, AP-HP, 46, rue Henri-Huchard, 75018 Paris, France. Electronic address:
Cystic echinococcosis, or hydatidosis, also known as hydatid cyst, is a cosmopolitan parasitosis mainly present in breeding areas. This anthropozoonosis is related to the tissue development of an hydatid of an echinococcus tænia, Echinococcus granulosus, found in the digestive tract of canids, at the adult state. In France, this larval cestosis is essentially an import disease developed by patients from endemic areas such as East and North Africa, South America or Asia. Read More
J Mycol Med 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Radiology, Zhejiang Hospital, 12, Lingyin road, 310013 Hangzhou, China. Electronic address:
Pulmonary mucormycosis is a rare opportunistic infection caused by Mucormycosis. This fungal infection is uncommon in immunocompetent individuals. Because of its various clinical and imaging manifestations, it is a diagnostic challenge to distinguish pulmonary mucormycosis from other pulmonary diseases, such as carcinoma. Read More
J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2018 Oct 23. Epub 2018 Oct 23.
Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Heart and Vascular Institute, Cleveland Clinic Abu Dhabi and Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio.
Objectives: We performed a prospective, single-arm clinical trial approved under a Food and Drug Administration Investigational Device Exemption to assess safety and efficacy of Perceval, a sutureless bovine pericardial aortic valve representing the initial US experience.
Methods: From June 2013 to January 2015, 300 patients (mean age 76.7 ± 7. Read More
J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2018 Nov 13. Epub 2018 Nov 13.
Division of Thoracic and Foregut Surgery, Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pa. Electronic address:
Objectives: Computed tomography-guided fine needle aspiration (CT-FNA) biopsy is a well-established diagnostic technique in the evaluation of lung nodules that is performed by radiologists in most centers. In this series, we analyzed the diagnostic and perioperative outcomes following CT-FNA performed by a dedicated group of thoracic surgeons.
Methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis of 955 patients undergoing CT-FNA by the thoracic surgery service. Read More
Heart Lung 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Cardiology, Institute for Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Videnska 1958/9, 140 21, Prague, Czech Republic; Third Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic.
Background: Targeted temperature management (TTM) in comatose survivors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest has been associated with improved neurological outcomes. However, the optimal temperature target for TTM remains unclear.
Objectives: To compare a TTM protocol targeted at 34-36 °C with a protocol targeted at 32-34 °C with reference to both clinical outcomes and acute complications. Read More
Lung Cancer 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Division of Thoracic Surgery, Shizuoka Cancer Center, Japan.
Objectives: This study assessed the associations between the molecular signatures and clinical information in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with postoperative disease-free survival (p-dfs) to identify novel prognostic factors, focusing on associations with driver gene alterations.
Materials And Methods: Between February 2014 and September 2015, 242 patients with NSCLC, including 192 patients with adenocarcinoma (Ad) and 50 patients with squamous cell carcinoma (Sq), underwent surgery and were enrolled in this study. Surgically resected tissues were subjected to whole exome sequencing. Read More
Cancer Genet 2018 Dec 16;228-229:73-82. Epub 2018 Oct 16.
Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Republic of Korea; Department of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Republic of Korea; Cell and Matrix Research Institute, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Republic of Korea; Lung Cancer Center, Kyungpook National University Chilgok Hospital, Daegu, Republic of Korea; BK21 Plus KNU Biomedical Convergence Program, Department of Biomedical Science, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:
Background: We conducted this study to identify regulatory variants in cancer-related pathway genes which can predict clinical outcomes of chemotherapy in advanced NSCLC, using a comprehensive list of regulatory SNPs prioritized by RegulomeDB.
Methods: A total of 509 potentially functional SNPs in cancer-related pathway genes were evaluated. The SNPs were analyzed in a discovery set (n = 198), and an independent validation set (n = 181). Read More
Cancer Genet 2018 Dec 27;228-229:47-54. Epub 2018 Aug 27.
School of Clinical Medicine, Dali University, Xue-ren Road, Xia guang District, Dali, Yunnan 671000, China. Electronic address:
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the most common type of lung tumor. Deregulation of microRNA may be involved in the occurrence of NSCLC and we aimed to find the potential prognostic biomarkers for NSCLC. The microRNA microarray expression profiles were downloaded from GEO dataset and then generated by applying robust multi-array average (RMA). Read More
Carbohydr Polym 2019 Feb 22;206:811-819. Epub 2018 Nov 22.
School of Life Science, Shandong University, Qingdao 266000, PR China; National Glycoengineering Rechearch Center, Shandong University, Qingdao 266000, PR China; Anhui Provincial Engineering Research Center for Polysaccharide Drugs, Anhui Province Key Laboratory of Active Biological Macromolecules, Drug Research & Development Center, School of Pharmacy, Wannan Medical College, Wuhu, 241002, PR China. Electronic address:
In this study, a polysaccharide, BP, was produced by Bacillus subtilis using burdock oligofructose as a carbon source. The polysaccharide BP was isolated from burdock fermented through B. subtilis by hot water extraction, ethanol precipitation, anion exchange and gel filtration chromatography. Read More
Carbohydr Polym 2019 Feb 20;206:792-800. Epub 2018 Nov 20.
Department of Chemical, Biological, Pharmaceutical and Environmental Sciences, University of Messina, V.le F. Stagno D'Alcontrés, 31 - 98166 Messina, Italy. Electronic address:
We investigated the complexation of celecoxib (CCB) into sulfobuthyl-ether-β-cyclodextrin (SBE-β-CD) for the realization of an inhalable dry-powder formulation containing gemcitabine (GEM) for lung anticancer therapy. Complexation increased the water solubility of CCB (0.003 mg/mL and 0. Read More
Clin Neurol Neurosurg 2018 Dec 6;176:97-102. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Orthopedics, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, 37 Guoxue Rd, Chengdu, 610041, China. Electronic address:
Objective: Structural changes of the spine and chest wall associated with SRS result in poor cardiopulmonary function. Comprehensive assessment of pulmonary function is extremely important for patients with SRS before a correction operation. We explore the changes of distribution of lung ventilation and perfusion function in patients with SRS using SPECT/CT and describe the relation between these changes with Cobb angle and FVC%. Read More
Biosens Bioelectron 2018 Oct 11;126:725-733. Epub 2018 Oct 11.
Department of Bioengineering, University of California Berkeley, CA 94720, USA; Berkeley Sensor and Actuator Center, University of California Berkeley, CA 94720, USA; UC Berkeley and UCSF Joint Graduate Program in Bioengineering, Berkeley/San Francisco, USA; Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of California Berkeley, CA 94720, USA; Biophysics Graduate Program, University of California Berkeley, CA 94720, USA. Electronic address:
Microfluidic polymerase chain reaction (PCR) has been of great interest owing to its ability to perform rapid and specific nucleic acid amplification and analysis on small volumes of samples. One of the major drawbacks of microfluidic PCR is bubble generation and reagent evaporation, which can cause malfunctions. Here, through theoretical modeling and characterization of bubble behavior, we propose a bubble-free microfluidic PCR device via controlled fluid transfer. Read More
J Inorg Biochem 2018 Nov 24;191:194-202. Epub 2018 Nov 24.
Institute of Anticancer Agents Development and Theranostic Application, The Key Laboratory of Life-Organic Analysis and Key Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Intermediates and Analysis of Natural Medicine, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Qufu Normal University, Qufu 273165, China. Electronic address:
Four new triphenyltin(IV) acylhydrazone compounds of the type PhSnCHCHCONHN=R (where Ph = phenyl; R = isopropyl, isobutyl, cyclopentyl and cyclooctyl) were synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, infrared spectrum (IR), nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum (NMR) and mass spectrum (MS). The crystal structures were determined and showed that tin atoms were four-coordinated and adopted a pseudo-tetrahedron configuration. Tin(IV) compounds show excellent bovine serum albumin (BSA) binding properties, and can oxidize nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotid (NADH) to generate reactive oxygen species (ROS), which inducing apoptosis effectively. Read More
Transpl Immunol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Microbiology, Fukushima Medical University School of Medicine, 1 Hikarigaoka, Fukushima, Fukushima 960-1295, Japan.
Transplant recipients become immunocompromised through the use of immunosuppressive therapy to prevent allograft rejection. These recipients readily experience human cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection or reactivation. Therefore, CMV represents a life-threatening pathogen in transplant recipients. Read More
J Ethnopharmacol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Herbal Medicine Research Division, Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine, Daejeon, 34054, Korea; Department of Pathology, College of Korean Medicine, Sangji University, Wonju-si, Gangwon-do, 26339, Korea. Electronic address:
Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Anthriscus sylvestris L. Hoffmann (AS) is a perennial plant that grows in Asia and Eastern Europe. Its dried root is used to treat conditions such as asthma, bronchitis, and cough. Read More
Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA. Electronic address:
Gene 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Thoracic Oncology, First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Medical College, Xi'an 710032, Shaanxi Province, PR China. Electronic address:
Background: Accumulating studies have reported that GLUT1 is aberrantly expressed in lung cancer; nevertheless, the clinicopathologic significance and the prognostic role of GLUT1 still remain controversial. The aim of this meta-analysis was to identify the clinicopathologic and prognostic implications of the GLUT1 expression in lung cancer patients.
Materials And Methods: Databases with literature published in English, including Cochrane Library, Embase, Web of Science, and PubMed, and the China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) and WanFang database in Chinese were searched comprehensively for relevant studies in August 2017. Read More
Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Centre for Cancer Research and Cell Biology, Queen's University Belfast, Northern Ireland, UK.
Purpose: The aim of this study was to define the dose and dose-volume relationship of radiation induced pulmonary toxicities occurring in and out-of-field in mouse models of early inflammatory and late fibrotic response.
Materials And Methods: Early radiation induced inflammation and fibrosis were investigated in C3H/NeJ and C57BL/6J mice respectively. Animals were irradiated with 20 Gy delivered to the upper region of the right lung as a single fraction or as three consecutive fractions using the Small Animal Radiation Research Platform (SARRP, Xstrahl Inc. Read More
Adv Drug Deliv Rev 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, Division of MR Research, Cellular Imaging Section and Vascular Biology Program, Institute for Cell Engineering, Department of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering, Department of Biomedical Engineering, and Department of Oncology, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA. Electronic address:
Magnetic particle imaging (MPI) has recently emerged as a non-invasive, whole body imaging technique that detects superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) nanoparticles similar as those used in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Based on tracer "hot spot" detection instead of providing contrast on MRI scans, MPI has already proven to be truly quantitative. Without the presence of endogenous background signal, MPI can also be used in certain tissues where the endogenous MRI signal is too low to provide contrast. Read More
Hum Immunol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Immunogenetic Applied to Cells Therapy Research Unit, Immuno-Haematology and HLA-Typing Department, National Blood Transfusion Centre of Tunis, Tunis, Tunisia.
Bronchiolitis obliterans (BO) is a serious lung complication that can develop after allogenic stem cell transplantation. It has been suggested that single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that affect the NOD2/CARD15 gene impair its function and result in an uncontrolled innate immune response in the recipient, thereby leading to BO. One hundred eighty-one donor-recipient pairs were analyzed for the association between NOD2 gene variants (SNP8 [Arg702Trp], SNP12 [Gly908Arg], and SNP13 [Leu1007fsinsC]) and the occurrence of BO. Read More