841,891 results match your criteria Lung Carcinoid Imaging
Rheumatology (Oxford) 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Department of Rheumatology, Faculty of Medicine, Saga University, Saga, Japan.
Objectives: Based on the antibody profiles of inflammatory myositis patients, we investigated the type 1 IFN (T1-IFN) signature in serum and DM skin to determine the relationship between T1-IFN and vasculopathy in anti-melanoma differentiation-associated 5 gene (MDA5) antibody-positive DM patients.
Methods: We examined 47 patients with new-onset inflammatory myositis. We divided them into three groups: the anti-MDA5 antibody-positive patients (MDA5 group, n = 16), the anti-aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase antibody-positive patients (aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase group, n = 12), and the double-negative patients (n = 19). Read More
Jpn J Clin Oncol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Epidemiology and Prevention, Center for Clinical Sciences, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, Japan.
Objectives: To evaluate the effectiveness of lung cancer screening using low-dose computed tomography for the general population, we conducted a retrospective cohort study of screening for participants among Hitachi residents.
Materials And Methods: Citizens aged 50-74 who underwent low-dose computed tomography screening at least once during 1998-2006 were defined as the computed tomography group, and those who underwent X-ray screening at least once during the same period, but did not receive low-dose computed tomography screening throughout the follow-up period, were defined as the XP group. We investigated the lung cancer incidence rate, mortality rate and all-cause mortality rate for both groups from the first lung cancer screening to the end of 2012. Read More
Respiration 2018 Dec 12:1-2. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Thoracic Medicine and Surgery, Lewis Katz School of Medicine at Temple University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.
Urol Int 2018 Dec 12:1-3. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Norton Children's Urology, Norton Healthcare, Louisville, Kentucky,
Cloacal anomalies (persistent cloaca) represent the most severe form of anorectal malformations in girls where the rectum, urethra, and vagina remain fused together inside the pelvis and drain into a single common perineal orifice. Infants with cloacal anomalies often succumb to poor lung development due to oligohydramnios. Cloacal anomaly in discordant monozygotic twins has rarely been reported in the literature. Read More
Cell Rep 2018 Dec;25(11):3099-3109.e3
Nanyang Technological University, School of Biological Sciences, 60 Nanyang Drive, Singapore 637551, Singapore. Electronic address:
Inflammation-induced disappearance of tissue-resident macrophages represents a key pathogen defense mechanism. Using a model of systemic blood-stage malaria, we studied the dynamics of tissue-resident macrophages in multiple organs to determine how they are depleted and refilled during the course of disease. We show that Plasmodium infection results in a transient loss of embryonically established resident macrophages prior to the parasitemia peak. Read More
Ann Am Thorac Soc 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Brigham and Women's Hospital, Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, United States.
Telomeres are repetitive nucleotide sequences that cap linear chromosomes, thereby limiting progressive chromosomal shortening during cell replication. In conjunction with environmental factors, common single nucleotide polymorphisms and rare and ultra-rare telomere-related mutations are associated with accelerated telomere shortening resulting in organ dysfunction, including interstitial lung disease (ILD). The most common telomere-related mutation-associated ILD is idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). Read More
Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
University of Tokushima Graduate School, Respiratory Medicine and Rheumatology, Tokushima, Japan ;
The signaling pathways of growth factors including platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) can be considered specific targets for overcoming the poor prognosis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). Nintedanib, the recently approved multiple kinase inhibitor, has shown promising anti-fibrotic effects in IPF patients; however, its efficacy is still limited, and in some cases, treatment discontinuation is necessary due to toxicities such as gastrointestinal disorders. Therefore, more effective agents with less toxicity are still needed. Read More
Korean J Intern Med 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Lung Research Institute of Hallym University College of Medicine, Chuncheon, Korea.
Background/aims: Inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) are a treatment of choice for eosinophilic airway diseases, but their efficacy for other causes of chronic cough is controversial.
Methods: We conducted a prospective observational study to determine the ICS efficacy and clinical predictors of response to ICS in patients with upper airway cough syndrome (UACS) or unexplained chronic cough (UCC). Sixty-eight patients with UACS and 33 patients with UCC (duration of cough ≥ 8 weeks) were treated with ICS: 250 µg of fluticasone propionate or 400 µg of budesonide twice a day at physician's discretion. Read More
PLoS One 2018 12;13(12):e0209026. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Pediatrics, National Jewish Health, Denver, CO, United States of America.
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is the most common life-shortening genetic disease and is caused by mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene. Several current therapies aim at improving availability and/or function of the mutant CFTR proteins. The combination therapeutic lumacaftor/ivacaftor (Orkambi, luma/iva) partially corrects folding and potentiates CFTR function impaired by the F508del mutation. Read More
PLoS One 2018 12;13(12):e0208231. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, corporate member of Freie Universität Berlin, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, and Berlin Institute of Health, Lipid Clinic at the Interdisciplinary Metabolism Center, Berlin, Germany.
The metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a cluster of risk factors for cardiovascular disease associated with reduced physical fitness, higher disease burden, and impaired cognitive functions. Little is known about the operation of these risk factors in older adults when considered comprehensively without relying on the cut-off values of the single MetS components. The three main aims of the current study were to: (i) establish a latent metabolic load factor (MetL), using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), and representing a continuous measure of MetL, defined by indicators that are commonly used to separate MetS groups from healthy individuals; (ii) examine the associations of this MetL factor with objective health, and cognitive function in men and women; (iii) compare the magnitude of these associations to those observed for the individual indicators used to define the MetL factor as well to the classical categorized MetS vs. Read More
PLoS One 2018 12;13(12):e0204832. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Mahidol-Oxford Tropical Medicine Research Unit, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.
Introduction: Patients with severe malaria or sepsis are at risk of developing life-threatening acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). The objective of this study was to evaluate point-of-care lung ultrasound as a novel tool to determine the prevalence and early signs of ARDS in a resource-limited setting among patients with severe malaria or sepsis.
Materials And Methods: Serial point-of-care lung ultrasound studies were performed on four consecutive days in a planned sub study of an observational cohort of patients with malaria or sepsis in Bangladesh. Read More
PLoS One 2018 12;13(12):e0207269. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Cardiology, Military Hospital State Health Centre, Budapest, Hungary.
Aims: Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) is the most frequently used parameter in the assessment of heart failure (HF). Cardiac index (CI) is considered a potential alternative to LVEF despite limited evidence. We aimed to assess and compare the predictive accuracy of LVEF and echocardiographically-assessed CI in HF patients. Read More
Rev Gastroenterol Peru 2018 Jul-Sep;38(3):289-292
Armed Forces Hospital. Brasília-DF, Brazil.
This case study describes a 71-year-old man with signet-ring cell gastric adenocarcinoma and malignant sigmoidal polyp; and typical features of Saint's triad and Heyde syndrome. He had digestive bleeding, two types of hernia, diverticulosis, arterial hypertension, malignant polyp, and antecedent of smoking, lung tuberculosis, and surgical correction of aortic valve stenosis. There is a hypothetical inverse relationship between herniosis and development of malignancy; however, the patient herein described presented gastric and sigmoidal cancers. Read More
Nurs Res 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Assistant Professor, University of South Carolina, College of Nursing, Columbia, SC Bioinformatics Analyst I, University of Maryland, Baltimore, School of Medicine, Institute for Genome Sciences, Baltimore, MD Professor, Chair, Department of Hematology/Oncology, Deputy Director of the Cancer Center for Clinical Research, G. Morris Dorrance Chair in Medical Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA Bioinformatics Analyst II, University of Maryland, School of Medicine, Institute for Genome Sciences, Baltimore, MD Laboratory Research Technician, University of Maryland, Baltimore, School of Nursing, Baltimore, MD Professor, Chair, Department of Pain and Translational Symptom Science, University of Maryland, Baltimore, School of Nursing, Baltimore, MD.
Background: Therapies targeting the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) result in a painful rash, the most common and debilitating toxicity among patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who take EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) therapy; however, predicting the development and the severity of the rash is difficult.
Objective: To examine how erlotinib-an EGFR TKI that NSCLC patients take to stop or slow tumor growth-altered the transcriptome of dermal fibroblasts.
Methods: Dermal fibroblasts (ATCC® PCS-201-012™) were seeded in cell culture flasks, grown under standard conditions, and transferred to cell culture dishes. Read More
Eur J Anaesthesiol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
From the Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, C.H.U. Dijon (ER, PI, P-GG, BB, OD-R), Dijon and Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté, LNC UMR866, Dijon Cedex, France (P-GG, BB, OD-R), Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Fondazione Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico, Policlinico San Matteo, Pavia, Italy (SM, FM) and Unit of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Department of Clinical-Surgical, Diagnostic and Paediatric Sciences, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy (ER, FM).
Background: Left double-lumen tubes (LDLTs) are used in thoracic surgery to allow one-lung ventilation. Their size is usually chosen on the basis of clinical parameters (height, sex). Double-lumen endobronchial tubes are frequently undersized/oversized, risking tube displacement or tracheal trauma. Read More
Curr Opin Anaesthesiol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Department of Anesthesiology.
Purpose Of Review: The current review focuses on precise anesthesia for video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) with the goal of enhanced recovery.
Recent Findings: VATS has become an established and widely used minimally invasive approach with broad implementation on a variety of thoracic operations. In the current environment of enhanced recovery protocols and cost containment, minimally invasive VATS operations suggest adoption of individualized tailored, precise anesthesia. Read More
Physiol Genomics 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Pediatrics, Medical College of Wisconsin, United States.
Although cystic fibrosis (CF) is attributed to dysfunction of a single gene, the relationships between the abnormal gene product and development of inflammation and progression of lung disease are not fully understood, limiting our ability to predict an individual patient's clinical course and treatment response. To better understand CF progression, we characterized the molecular signatures of CF disease status using plasma-based functional genomics. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from healthy donors were cultured with plasma samples from CF patients (n=103) and unrelated, healthy controls (n=31). Read More
Mol Biol Cell 2018 Dec 12:mbcE18100615. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Biology, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, 37 Convent Dr. Rm 2050B, Bethesda, MD, 20892 USA.
Lumen establishment and maintenance are fundamental for tubular organs physiological functions. Most of the studies investigating the mechanisms regulating this process have been carried out in cell cultures or in smaller organisms, whereas little has been done in mammalian model systems in vivo. Here we used the salivary glands of live mice to examine the role of the small GTPase Cdc42 in the regulation of the homeostasis of the intercellular canaliculi, a specialized apical domain of the acinar cells, where protein and fluid secretion occur. Read More
Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Imperial College London & Royal Brompton Hospital, London, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
JAMA 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
JAMA Cardiol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) Study Group, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.
Importance: Little is known about the heterogeneity in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels (LDL-C) lowering with proprotein convertase subtilisin kexin 9 (PCSK9) inhibitor medications.
Objective: To evaluate the interindividual variability in LDL-C reduction with the PCSK9 inhibitor drug evolocumab.
Design, Setting, And Participants: We examined the percentage change in LDL-C levels from baseline in the Further Cardiovascular Outcomes Research With PCSK9 Inhibition in Subjects With Elevated Risk (FOURIER) trial, a placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial of the PCSK9 inhibitor evolocumab in patients with stable atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease who were taking statin medications. Read More
Elife 2018 Dec 12;7. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, United States.
The sarcomere is the contractile unit within cardiomyocytes driving heart muscle contraction. We sought to test the mechanisms regulating actin and myosin filament assembly during sarcomere formation. Therefore, we developed an assay using human cardiomyocytes to monitor sarcomere assembly. Read More
Physiology (Bethesda) 2019 Jan;34(1):43-55
Department of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary, Allergy and Critical Care Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham , Birmingham, Alabama.
Fibrosis is a dynamic process with the potential for reversibility and restoration of near-normal tissue architecture and organ function. Herein, we review mechanisms for resolution of organ fibrosis, in particular that involving the lung, with an emphasis on the critical roles of myofibroblast apoptosis and clearance of deposited matrix. Read More
Physiol Rev 2019 Jan;99(1):739-780
Department of Morphology, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais , Belo Horizonte , Brazil ; Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, Università Politecnica delle Marche , Ancona , Italy ; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais , Belo Horizonte , Brazil ; Department of Molecular and Developmental Medicine, Obstetrics and Gynecological Clinic, University of Siena , Siena , Italy ; and Department of Biomedical, Experimental and Clinical Sciences, Division of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Florence, Careggi University Hospital , Florence , Italy.
Activins are dimeric glycoproteins belonging to the transforming growth factor beta superfamily and resulting from the assembly of two beta subunits, which may also be combined with alpha subunits to form inhibins. Activins were discovered in 1986 following the isolation of inhibins from porcine follicular fluid, and were characterized as ovarian hormones that stimulate follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) release by the pituitary gland. In particular, activin A was shown to be the isoform of greater physiological importance in humans. Read More
AJR Am J Roentgenol 2018 Dec 12:1-6. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
1 Department of Radiology, Cochin Hospital, Descartes University, 27 rue du Faubourg Saint Jacques, 75 014 Paris, France.
Objective: The purpose of this study is to determine whether placing patients in an ipsilateral-dependent position during percutaneous CT-guided transthoracic biopsy reduces the pneumothorax rate.
Materials And Methods: Between July 2013 and August 2017, a total of 516 patients (317 men and 199 women; mean age, 66.4 years) underwent core needle biopsies performed using 17- and 18-gauge needles. Read More
J Cancer Res Ther 2018 Dec;14(Supplement):S1227-S1229
Department of Respiratory Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou 215000, China.
AZD9291 is one of epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Interstitial lung disease (ILD) induced by AZD9291 is very seldom. We provide a case of NSCLC treated with AZD9291 who developed ILD and died in order to improve the knowledge on AZD9291. Read More
J Cancer Res Ther 2018 Dec;14(Supplement):S1201-S1208
Department of Medical Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, Adnan Menderes University, Aydin, Turkey.
Aims: In this study, we investigated the expression of thyroid transcription factor-1 (TTF-1) in lung adenocarcinoma patients' samples and analyzed the association of TTF-1 with clinicopathological parameters, prognosis, and treatment options in patients with lung adenocarcinoma.
Subjects And Methods: This retrospective study enrolled 200 patients who were histologically confirmed lung adenocarcinoma with Stage I-IV disease, between 2008 and 2015 years. The cytological archive of these hospitals' Pathology Department was searched. Read More
J Cancer Res Ther 2018 Dec;14(Supplement):S1121-S1123
Department of Respiratory, Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan 250021, Shandong, P.R. China.
Aims: The association between forkhead box M1 (FOXM1) and survival of nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has been extensively investigated. However, the results were conflicted and inconclusive. Therefore, we performed this meta-analysis to precisely estimate the association between FOXM1 and survival of NSCLC. Read More
J Cancer Res Ther 2018 Dec;14(Supplement):S1084-S1090
Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning 530021, China.
Aim Of Study: The conclusions on the association between glutathione S-transferase P1 (GSTP1) gene polymorphism and lung cancer risk are still debated. This meta-analysis was performed to update the association between GSTP1 and the risk of lung cancer.
Materials And Methods: The association investigations were identified from PubMed and Cochrane Library, and eligible studies were included and synthesized using meta-analysis method. Read More
J Cancer Res Ther 2018 Dec;14(Supplement):S1076-S1083
Department of Respiratory Diseases, Huaibei Miners General Hospital, Huaibei, Anhui, China.
Objective: To systematically review the effect and safety of irinotecan plus cisplatin (IP) compared with etoposide plus cisplatin (EP) in patients with previously untreated extensive-stage small cell lung cancer (E-SCLC).
Materials And Methods: Databases including PubMed, The Cochrane Library, EMBASE, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, VIP, and WanFang Data were searched for the randomized controlled trials (RCTs) about IP compared with EP in patients with previously untreated E-SCLC from the establishment to June 2016. Two reviewers independently screened literature, extracted data and assessed the methodological quality of included studies. Read More
J Cancer Res Ther 2018 Dec;14(Supplement):S1004-S1011
Key Laboratory of Nutrition and Metabolism, Institute for Nutritional Sciences, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China.
Background: Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are responsible for tumor relapse after chemotherapy and radiotherapy in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The aim of this study is to explore the profile and role of microRNA (miRNA) in CSC of NSCLC.
Materials And Methods: We studied the expression of stem cell marker in side population cells and serum-free cultured spheres of NSCLC. Read More
J Cancer Res Ther 2018 Dec;14(Supplement):S985-S992
Department of Respiration, The First Affiliated Hospital of Bengbu Medical College, Bengbu, China.
Purpose: To investigate the effects of dalteparin sodium on the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), VEGF receptor (VEGFR), and hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α) in A549 human lung cancer (LC) cell line and a human A549-grafted nude mouse model.
Materials And Methods: A549 human lung adenocarcinoma cell line was divided into control group, treated using normal saline (NS); and dalteparin sodium groups, receiving 5, 15, 50, and 150 IU/ml of dalteparin sodium, respectively. Human A549-grafted nude mouse was induced through subcutaneous (SC) injection of A549 (5 × 10/0. Read More
J Cancer Res Ther 2018 Dec;14(Supplement):S942-S947
Department of Respiratory, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450052, China.
Aim Of The Study: Garcinia hanburyi is a traditional herbal medicine with activities of anti-inflammation and hemostasis used by people in South Asia. Gambogic acid (GA) is the main active component extracted from it, which has anticancer and anti-inflammatory effects. The aim of the current study is to investigate the molecular mechanisms of GA's effective anticancer activity. Read More
Cytokine 2019 Jan 7;113:177-184. Epub 2018 Jul 7.
Departamento de Ciências da Vida, Universidade do Estado da Bahia, Salvador, BA, Brazil. Electronic address:
Asthma and allergy affect hundreds of millions of people from childhood to old age. In most of them, the inflammatory process of respiratory allergies involves the participation of type 2 cytokines, derived from T helper-2 (Th2)-cell, and Group 2 Innate Lymphoid (ILC2) Cells. An efficient memory Th2 cell response is dependent on IL-13 produced by ILC2s, causing allergic lung inflammation and elevated serum levels of immunoglobulin E. Read More
Am J Cardiol 2019 Jan 26;123(1):75-83. Epub 2018 Sep 26.
Department of Cardiology, Heart Lung Center, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands. Electronic address:
Functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) is common in heart failure (HF), and negatively impacts prognosis. Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) can improve FMR, but the long-term changes in and impact of FMR after CRT are still unclear. The present study investigated the prevalence, evolution and impact on mortality of FMR before and after CRT in patients with HF. Read More
Am J Cardiol 2019 Jan 27;123(1):33-43. Epub 2018 Sep 27.
Keele Cardiovascular Research Group, Keele University, Stoke-on-Trent, United Kingdom; Royal Stoke University Hospital, Stoke-on-Trent, United Kingdom. Electronic address:
The cost of inpatient percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) procedure is related to length of stay (LOS). It is unknown, how LOS may be associated with readmission rates and costs of index PCI and readmissions in elective PCI. This study aims to evaluate rates, predictors, causes, and costs associated with 30-day unplanned readmissions according to lLOS in patients, who underwent elective PCI. Read More
Heart Lung 2019 Jan 25;48(1):18-21. Epub 2018 Oct 25.
Gill Heart Institute, University of Kentucky, CTW 320, 900 S. Limestone Street, Lexington, KY, USA.
Patients with advanced heart failure may experience a variety of challenges to their self-identity and quality of life due to their heart condition and treatment by implantation of a ventricular assist device (VAD). These challenges include loss of energy and stamina, loss of independence and autonomy, dependence on loved ones and caregivers for help, strained relationships with family and friends, and uncertainty about treatment outcomes and time of recovery. Narrative Medicine (NM) sessions may help patients to reflect on their situation, rediscover identity, and engage sources of meaning by telling or writing their story. Read More
Recent Pat Drug Deliv Formul 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Department of Pharmaceutics, ITS College of Pharmacy, NH-34, Ghaziabad-201206. India.
Aim And Background: The rationale of this study is that, treatment of asthmatic Guinea pig with combined administration of Montelukast sodium and green tea extract (GTE) as a single capsule will mitigate the inflammatory injury in the airways and weaken the asthmatic response. Recent patents for the treatment of asthma researched a polyphenolic alternatives for antiasthmatic combination therapy, especially for those patients who remains unresponsive or poorly responsive for current asthma therapy (US7232585B2). Synergistic activity of green tea polyphenols and therapeutic, prophylatic agents are also reported in some recent patents (US20120172423A1, US20150320696A1). Read More
Monaldi Arch Chest Dis 2018 Dec 12;88(3):999. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Department of Thoracic Surgery.
Transbronchial needle aspiration under endobronchial ultrasound guidance (EBUS-TBNA) is recommended for the diagnosis and staging of lung cancer. Major complications following EBUS-TBNA are uncommon. We report a case of isolated tension pneumoperitoneum following EBUS-TBNA under deep sedation in an 80-year-old male patient affected by a right hilar mass suspicious for lung cancer. Read More
Adv Exp Med Biol 2018 ;995:65-95
Thoracic Oncology Program, University of Maryland Greenebaum Comprehensive Cancer Center, Baltimore, MD, USA.
The management of Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) has changed dramatically in the last 10 years with an increase in the understanding of the biology and with the development of new and multiple treatments. Chemotherapy being the first systemic treatment used in the setting of advanced disease, proving benefit for patients over palliative care. With the identification of oncogenic drivers, innovative targeted therapies were developed and tested, leading to important changes in the management of certain patients and giving to some of them the possibility to be treated in first line with oral inhibitors. Read More
Target Oncol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Institute of Cancer Research, Department of Medicine I, Comprehensive Cancer Center, Medical University of Vienna, Borschkegasse 8a, 1090, Vienna, Austria.
Background: Acquired epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) T790M mutation is the primary resistance mechanism to first-generation EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) used in advanced, EGFR mutation-positive non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Available data, predominantly in Asian patients, suggest that this mutation is also the major cause of resistance to the irreversible ErbB family blocker, afatinib. For EGFR T790M-positive patients who progress on EGFR TKI therapy, osimertinib is an effective treatment option. Read More
Hum Cell 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Department of Pediatrics, South Campus, Renji Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, No. 2000 Jiangyue Road, Minhang District, Shanghai, 201112, People's Republic of China.
Natural killer T cells (NKT cells) and regulatory T cells (Treg cells) are two important immune regulatory cells which both play critical roles in asthma. Our previous experiments revealed that activation of Treg cells suppressed NKT cells in asthma. However, the possible regulatory effects and the mechanisms linking Treg cells and NKT cells remain poorly understood. Read More
Mol Biotechnol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Department of Cell Biology, National Translational Science Center for Molecular Medicine, State Key Laboratory of Cancer Biology, Fourth Military Medical University, No. 169 Changle West Road, Xi'an, 710032, China.
Basigin is a well-known extracellular stimulator of fibroblasts and may confer resistance to apoptosis of fibroblasts in vitro under some pathological status, but its exact function in fibroblasts and the underlying mechanism remain poorly understood. The systematic Basigin gene knockout leads to the perinatal lethality of mice, which limits the delineation of its function in vivo. In this study, we generated a fibroblast-specific Basigin knock-out mouse model and demonstrated the successful deletion of Basigin in fibroblasts. Read More
Virchows Arch 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Clinical Research Division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, 1100 Fairview Ave. N, Seattle, WA, 98109, USA.
Reconstitution of hepatocytes by hematopoietic stem cells-a phenomenon which occurs in rodents under highly selective conditions-results from infrequent fusion between incoming myelomonocytes and host hepatocytes, with subsequent proliferation. Human hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients have been little studied, with some support for transdifferentiation (direct differentiation). We studied routinely obtained autopsy liver tissue of four female hematopoietic cell transplant recipients with male donors, using a highly specific conjoint immunohistochemistry in situ hybridization light microscopic technique. Read More
Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Biotechnology, Karunya Institute of Technology and Sciences, Karunya Nagar, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, 641114, India.
Targeting the specific molecular proteins or genes which are responsible for the suppression of cancer growth is currently an emerging molecular method to treat cancer. ATRA treatment is now considered as a molecular targeted therapy for many cancers. As ATRA exhibits its therapeutic effect through its receptors, this study was focused to investigate the effect and action of liposomal-ATRA treatment on the expression of RAR-β protein which is also a tumor suppressor. Read More
Front Med (Lausanne) 2018 27;5:316. Epub 2018 Nov 27.
School of Medicine and Public Health, Faculty of Health and Medicine, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, NSW, Australia.
Siloed or singular system approach to disease management is common practice, developing out of traditional medical school education. Textbooks of medicine describe a huge number of discrete diseases, usually in a systematic fashion following headings like etiology, pathology, investigations, differential diagnoses, and management. This approach suggests that the body has a multitude of ways to respond to harmful incidences. Read More
J Radiosurg SBRT 2018 ;5(4):293-304
Department of Neurological Surgery, Rutgers University, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick, NJ, 08901, USA.
Objective: Local recurrence after stereotactic radiosurgery for brain metastasis is a well-known problem. We analyzed volumetric trends from the time of radiosurgery to time of treatment to understand progression behavior.
Methods: A retrospective review of patients who underwent treatment for post-radiation progressive lesions was performed. Read More
Case Rep Endocrinol 2018 12;2018:4369531. Epub 2018 Nov 12.
Department of Endocrinology, La Rabta hospital, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tunis El Manar, Tunis, Tunisia.
Thyroid involvement with tuberculosis is an uncommon condition even in endemic countries. As its clinical presentation is not specific, diagnosis is often difficult and requires histopathological confirmation. Herein we report an observation of secondary tuberculosis of the thyroid gland in a woman with a type 2 diabetes mellitus and a primary hypothyroidism. Read More