3,709 results match your criteria Lung Carcinoid

Type A thymoma with simultaneous solitary intrapulmonary metastasis: A case report.

Thorac Cancer 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Oncology, Immunology and Surgery, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Nagoya, Japan.

A 79-year-old woman was referred to our facility because of an abnormal chest shadow. Chest computed tomography (CT) showed a solitary right middle lung nodule with a maximum diameter of 3 mm and anterior mediastinal nodule with a maximum diameter of 21 mm. The lung nodule was suspected of being a primary lung cancer rather than a metastatic tumor because there were no primary malignant tumors, apart from an anterior mediastinal tumor visible on diagnostic imaging, including F fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography, and a solitary lung nodule. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Lung carcinoid tumors with Diffuse Idiopathic Pulmonary NeuroEndocrine Cell Hyperplasia (DIPNECH) exhibit pejorative pathological features.

Lung Cancer 2021 Apr 30;156:117-121. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Hôpital Cochin, APHP.CUP, Université de Paris, France. Electronic address:

Introduction: Diffuse Idiopathic Pulmonary NeuroEndocrine Cell Hyperplasia (DIPNECH) is a rare disease often associated with carcinoid tumors. We aimed at evaluating the impact of DIPNECH on characteristics and prognosis of patients who underwent radical treatment of pulmonary carcinoid tumors.

Material And Methods: We reviewed all patients operated on for curative-intent resection of carcinoid tumor in our department from 2001 to 2020. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Long-term survival and recurrence after resection of bronchopulmonary carcinoids: A single-center cohort study of 236 patients.

Lung Cancer 2021 Apr 26;156:109-116. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark; ENETS Neuroendocrine Tumor Centre of Excellence Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, Denmark; Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark. Electronic address:

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine overall survival and recurrence-free survival after resection of bronchopulmonary carcinoids by means of predominantly minimally invasive surgery and lung-sparing resections. In addition, we aimed to identify prognostic factors for overall survival.

Materials And Methods: Retrospective review of consecutive patients operated for bronchopulmonary carcinoids between January 2009 and October 2020 identified from a prospectively collected database. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Incidence and Survival Outcomes in Patients with Lung Neuroendocrine Neoplasms in the United States.

Cancers (Basel) 2021 Apr 7;13(8). Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Department of Medicine/Hematology & Medical Oncology, Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center, Buffalo, NY 14263, USA.

Background: The incidence and prevalence of neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs) are rapidly rising. Epidemiologic trends have been reported for common NENs, but specific data for lung NENs are lacking.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis utilizing the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Right middle lobe obstruction associated with synchronous endobronchial carcinoid and aspergillosis.

SAGE Open Med Case Rep 2021 12;9:2050313X211009426. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Division of Pulmonology and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, Republic of Korea.

Pulmonary carcinoids originate from neuroendocrine cells of the lung and comprise 0.5%-5% of all lung malignancies. Endobronchial carcinoids are rare, low-grade malignant tumors that occasionally coexist with other infectious diseases, including tuberculosis and nontuberculous mycobacterial infection. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Rare pulmonary tumors and carcinoma mimickers; experience from an interventional radiology unit with radiologic-pathologic correlation-A pictoral essay.

Curr Med Imaging 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Hacettepe University, School of Medicine, Department of Radiology Ankara, Turkey.

Background: Although imaging findings along with patients' clinical history may give clue for the etiology of a pulmonary lesion, the differentiation of benign pulmonary lesions from lung cancer could be challenging.

Objective: The aim of this review article was to increase the awareness of the carcinoma mimicking lung lesions.

Methods: This paper was designed to illustrate rare pulmonary tumors and carcinoma mimickers with emphasis on radiologic-pathologic correlation. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Case Report: Metastatic Bronchopulmonary Carcinoid Tumor to the Pineal Region.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2021 31;12:623756. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Department of Neurosurgery, Carilion Clinic Neurosurgery, Roanoke, VA, United States.

Intracranial spread of a systemic malignancy is common in advanced staged cancers; however, metastasis specifically to the pineal gland is a relatively rare occurrence. A number of primary lesions have been reported to metastasize to the pineal gland, the most common of which is lung. However, metastasis of a bronchial neuroendocrine tumor to the pineal gland is a seldom-reported entity. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Pulmonary carcinoid presenting in pregnancy with an unusual radiological feature.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Apr 15;14(4). Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Radiology, Flinders Medical Centre, Bedford Park, South Australia, Australia.

Pulmonary carcinoid tumours are a rare form of malignancy that often present with clinical heterogeneity and are challenging to diagnose. Diagnosis during pregnancy is further complicated by delays in imaging and procedures to minimise harm to the fetus. This case describes a primigravid healthcare worker who was diagnosed with pulmonary carcinoid in her first trimester of pregnancy, with particular focus on the unique radiological findings of subpleural blebs as a feature. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Pulmonary carcinoid tumours: A multi-centre analysis of survival and predictors of outcome following sublobar, lobar, and extended pulmonary resections.

Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann 2021 Apr 14:2184923211010090. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, St Vincent's Hospital Melbourne, Fitzroy, Victoria, Australia.

Background: Pulmonary carcinoids are rare neoplasms, accounting for approximately 1%-2% of all lung malignancies. A retrospective analysis was undertaken of all patients who underwent surgical resection of pulmonary carcinoid tumours across multiple institutions in Melbourne, Australia.

Methods: From May 2000 through April 2020, 241 patients who underwent surgical resection of pulmonary carcinoid tumours were retrospectively reviewed. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Solitary late metastasis of primary renal cell carcinoid tumor to the extraocular muscles imaged with indium-111 octreotide.

World J Nucl Med 2021 Jan-Mar;20(1):99-101. Epub 2020 Jul 22.

Department of Radiology, Mater Misericordiae University Hospital, Dublin, Ireland.

A 75-year-old male presented with right eye pain and proptosis. His history was significant for renal cell carcinoma treated with left nephrectomy 2 years previously. Computed tomography (CT) imaging demonstrated a 1. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

[Ectopic Adrenocorticotropic Hormone-Producing Pulmonary Carcinoid Presenting as Cushing's Syndrome after Intrapleural Hyperthermic Chemotherapy].

Kyobu Geka 2021 Mar;74(3):197-201

Department of Surgery, Okinawa National Hospital, Ginowan, Japan.

The patient was a woman in her 70's was referred to our hospital because of an abnormal shadow on chest roentgenogram at an annual medical checkup. Since preoperative examinations suggested lung cancer in the right middle lobe, thoracoscopic right middle lobectomy was planned. However, pleural dissemination was detected at surgery and we changed the treatment plan to the intrapleural hyperthermic chemotherapy. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Prognostic Significance of Pulmonary Multifocal Neuroendocrine Proliferation with Typical Carcinoid.

Ann Thorac Surg 2021 Apr 5. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, Alma Mater Studiorum-University of Bologna, ITALY. Electronic address:

Background: Clinical significance of multifocal pulmonary neuroendocrine proliferation (MNEP), including tumorlets and pulmonary neuroendocrine cell hyperplasia, in association with Typical Carcinoid (TC), is still debated.

Methods: A retrospective series of TC with long-term follow-up data prospectively collected from two institutions was evaluated, and the outcome comparison between TC alone and MNEP+TC was investigated. Several baseline covariates were imbalanced between the MNEP+TC and TC groups, therefore, we have conducted 1:1 propensity score matching and inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW) in the full sample. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Adapting a 2-week-wait colorectal service in the pandemic using the quantitative faecal immunochemical test.

Br J Nurs 2021 Apr;30(7):404-408

Colorectal Consultant Surgeon, Royal Cornwall Hospital, Royal Cornwall Hospitals NHS Trust, Truro.

The coronavirus pandemic has brought about an economic and healthcare crisis. This has resulted in delays in virtually all areas of patient care and has forced clinicians to review and adapt their processes, in order to ensure patients continue to have access to timely and effective services. In the author's local Trust, this manifested in altered protocols, developed in order to maintain patient and staff safety while conducting invasive and potentially virus-spreading investigations. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Thyroid metastasis from lung carcinoid detected by Ga-DOTATOC PET/CT.

Endocrine 2021 Apr 5. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Nuclear Medicine, University of Brescia and ASST Spedali Civili Brescia, Brescia, Italy.

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Endobronchial Carcinoids: Surgical Outcome in 100 Consecutive Patients and Factors Affecting Lung Preservation.

Indian J Surg Oncol 2021 Mar 21;12(1):190-198. Epub 2020 Oct 21.

Centre for Chest Surgery, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, New Delhi, 110060 India.

Bronchial carcinoids are slow-growing tumours of the neuroendocrine family. Most of them have a benign course with excellent outcome after complete resection. Due to their location in the primary bronchi, adequate resection with lung preservation requires considerable technical expertise. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Recent advances and current controversies in lung neuroendocrine neoplasms.

Semin Diagn Pathol 2021 Mar 19. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Department of Oncology and Hemato-Oncology, University of Milan, Milan, Italy; Inter-Hospital Pathology Division, IRCCS MultiMedica, Milan, Italy. Electronic address:

In the lung, neuroendocrine tumors (NETs), namely typical and atypical carcinoids, and neuroendocrine carcinomas (NECs), grouping small cell carcinoma (SCLC) and large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC), make up for distinct tumor entities according to epidemiological, genetic, pathologic and clinical data. The proper classification is essential in clinical practice for diagnosis, prognosis and therapy purposes. Through an extensive literature survey, three perspectives on lung NENs have been revised: i) criteria and terminology on biopsy or cytology samples of primaries or metastases; ii) carcinoids with elevated mitotic counts and/or Ki-67 proliferation rates; iii) relevance of molecular landscape to identify new tumor entities and therapeutic targets. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Diagnostic Value of Conventional PET Parameters and Radiomic Features Extracted from 18F-FDG-PET/CT for Histologic Subtype Classification and Characterization of Lung Neuroendocrine Neoplasms.

Biomedicines 2021 Mar 10;9(3). Epub 2021 Mar 10.

Nuclear Medicine Unit, Department of Medical Sciences, University of Turin, 10126 Turin, Italy.

Aim: To evaluate if conventional Positron emission tomography (PET) parameters and radiomic features (RFs) extracted by 18F-FDG-PET/CT can differentiate among different histological subtypes of lung neuroendocrine neoplasms (Lu-NENs).

Methods: Forty-four naïve-treatment patients on whom 18F-FDG-PET/CT was performed for histologically confirmed Lu-NEN (n = 46) were retrospectively included. Manual segmentation was performed by two operators allowing for extraction of four conventional PET parameters (SUVmax, SUVmean, metabolic tumor volume (MTV), and total lesion glycolysis (TLG)) and 41 RFs. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Diffuse Idiopathic Pulmonary Neuroendocrine Cell Hyperplasia With Progression to Neuroendocrine Tumor.

Cureus 2021 Feb 12;13(2):e13297. Epub 2021 Feb 12.

Internal Medicine Department, Hospital da Luz Lisboa, Lisbon, PRT.

Diffuse idiopathic pulmonary neuroendocrine cell hyperplasia (DIPNECH) is a parenchymal lung disease characterized by a proliferation of neuroendocrine cells in the bronchial wall, with possible local invasion and occasional development of tumorlets. It is considered to be a precursor lesion as it can progress to neuroendocrine tumors (NETs). At presentation, approximately one-half of patients with DIPNECH have a synchronous diagnosis of NET. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2021

[Retrospective study of lung carcinoid: experience in a third level Spanish hospital].

Rev Esp Patol 2021 Apr-Jun;54(2):85-91. Epub 2020 Oct 29.

Servicio de Oncología Médica, Hospital Universitario La Paz, Madrid, España.

Introduction: Pulmonary carcinoids are relatively rare neuroendocrine neoplasms, accounting for only 1-2% of malignant thoracic tumours. We describe our experience in the management and follow-up of such an infrequent tumour, with special emphasis on possible problems that might arise.

Patients And Methods: We present a descriptive retrospective study of all patients diagnosed with carcinoid tumour between January 2013 and January 2018. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2020

Ga-DOTATATE-avid pulmonary sclerosing pneumocytoma in a man of North African descent: Case report, imaging findings and pathology.

Clin Imaging 2021 Feb 27;77:175-179. Epub 2021 Feb 27.

Division of Cardiothoracic Imaging, Department of Radiology, Boston Medical Center, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02118, United States of America.

Pulmonary sclerosing pneumocytoma (PSP) is a benign tumor originating from primitive respiratory epithelium which tends to present as an asymptomatic solitary lesion in the periphery of the lung. It primarily occurs in women, with a 5:1 ratio of female to male, and in East Asian populations. We describe a rare case of a gallium-68 (Ga)-DOTATATE avid PSP in a middle-aged man of North African ancestry. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2021

Four synchronous primary tumors in a male patient.

J Cancer Res Ther 2021 Jan-Mar;17(1):258-261

Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY, USA.

Multiple primary malignancies are defined as two or more primary malignant tumors diagnosed in one individual; they are further classified to synchronous or metachronous based on the period between each cancer diagnosis and the other. The diagnosis of four synchronous cancers is exceedingly rare. We report a case of a 72-year-old man, diagnosed with synchronous quadruple cancers, Hurthle cell carcinoma and papillary carcinoma of the thyroid, as well as squamous cell carcinoma and carcinoid tumor of the lung. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Wedge Resection Offers Similar Survival to Segmentectomy for Typical Carcinoid Tumors.

Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2021 Mar 10. Epub 2021 Mar 10.

Division of Thoracic and Esophageal Surgery, Department of Surgery, University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center and Case Western Reserve School of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio.

Current guidelines recommend anatomic lung resection of typical bronchopulmonary carcinoids. Typical carcinoid tumors have excellent prognosis and sublobar resection has been associated with noninferior long-term survival. It's unclear whether wedge resection is acceptable for small typical carcinoid tumors. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Value of a patient-reported-outcome measure of carcinoid syndrome symptoms.

Eur J Endocrinol 2021 May;184(5):711-722

Service d'Oncologie Médicale et Hépatogastroentérologie, Hospices Civil de Lyon, Lyon, France.

Objective: Literature on patient-reported outcomes (PRO) of carcinoid syndrome symptoms (CSS) is scarce. We used a patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) to evaluate CSS, the domains of daily life impacted by CSS, the main symptoms that affect daily life, its change according to clinical, biological and morphological evolution, and the risk factors for a poor PRO-CSS score.

Methods: Patients completed the PRO-CSS, EORTC-QLQ30, and GI-NET21 questionnaires at the time of their clinical, laboratory, and morphological assessments in a multicentre French cohort study from February 2019 to May 2020. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Clinicopathological and immunohistochemical study of pulmonary neuroendocrine tumors - A single-institute experience.

Lung India 2021 Mar-Apr;38(2):134-138

Department of Pulmonology, Nizam's Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.

Introduction: Pulmonary neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) comprise a spectrum of tumors ranging from indolent to highly aggressive neoplasm. This study aims to study the clinicopathological and immunohistochemical features of NETs and assess the sensitivity of various IHC markers.

Materials And Methods: All consecutive cases of pulmonary NETs diagnosed from January 2016 to June 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Bronchial carcinoid tumor in the era of covid-19 pandemic: A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Mar 24;80:105703. Epub 2021 Feb 24.

Department of Surgery, Saint Paul's Hospital Millennium Medical College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Electronic address:

Introduction: Bronchial carcinoid tumors are rare, slow growing, malignant neuroendocrine tumors which arise from Enterochromaffin (Kulchitsky) cells. Early diagnosis is extremely important as the main stay of treatment is surgical excision.

Presentation Of Case: We present a rare case of bronchial typical carcinoid tumor in a 27-year-old male who presented with a complaint of intermittent dry cough of 2 weeks' duration associated with shortness of breath and low grade fever. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Management Impact of Ga-DOTATATE PET/CT in Neuroendocrine Tumors.

Nucl Med Mol Imaging 2021 Feb 7;55(1):31-37. Epub 2021 Jan 7.

Division of Nuclear Medicine, Department of Radiology, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, 2250 Alcazar St., CSC 102, Los Angeles, CA 90033 USA.

Purpose: The goal of our retrospective single tertiary academic medical center investigation was to examine the added diagnostic value and clinical impact of Ga-DOTATATE PET/CT in the therapeutic management of patients with neuroendocrine tumors (NETs).

Methods: Imaging database was queried for all "PET-DOTATATE" examinations performed at our tertiary care academic institution using MONTAGE™. The patient's clinical history and recent prior imaging were reviewed. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2021

Molecular Pathology of Well-Differentiated Pulmonary and Thymic Neuroendocrine Tumors: What Do Pathologists Need to Know?

Endocr Pathol 2021 Mar 27;32(1):154-168. Epub 2021 Feb 27.

Dept. of Medicine and Surgery, University of Insubria, Varese, Italy.

Thoracic (pulmonary and thymic) neuroendocrine tumors are well-differentiated epithelial neuroendocrine neoplasms that are classified into typical and atypical carcinoid tumors based on mitotic index cut offs and presence or absence of necrosis. This classification scheme is of great prognostic value but designed for surgical specimens, only. Deep molecular characterization of thoracic neuroendocrine tumors highlighted their difference with neuroendocrine carcinomas. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Recent Advances in the Management of Typical and Atypical Lung Carcinoids.

Clin Lung Cancer 2020 Dec 17. Epub 2020 Dec 17.

Department of Medical Oncology.

Neuroendocrine neoplasms of the lung represent about 20% to 30% of all neuroendocrine tumors. On the basis of clinical and pathologic characteristics, 2 different categories of tumors may be defined: poorly differentiated neuroendocrine neoplasms, characterized by a high rate of recurrences and poor prognosis, and well-differentiated neuroendocrine neoplasms (typical carcinoids and atypical carcinoids), which generally display an indolent course. Lung carcinoids represent only 1% to 5% of all lung malignancies, but their incidence has significantly increased over the past 30 years. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2020

Percutaneous Image-Guided Core Needle Biopsy of Neuroendocrine Tumors: How Common Is Intraprocedural Carcinoid Crisis?

J Vasc Interv Radiol 2021 05 16;32(5):745-751. Epub 2021 Feb 16.

Department of Radiology, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, Minnesota 55905.

Purpose: To retrospectively evaluate the incidence of carcinoid crisis, other complications, and physiologic disturbances during percutaneous image-guided core needle biopsy of neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) in the lung and the liver.

Materials And Methods: Between January 2010 and January 2020, 106 computed tomography (CT) or ultrasound (US)-guided core needle biopsies of lung and liver NETs were performed in 95 consecutive adult patients. The mean age was 64 ± 13 years, and 48% were female. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Catheter Ablation in Patients With Neuroendocrine (Carcinoid) Tumors and Carcinoid Heart Disease: Outcomes, Peri-Procedural Complications, and Management Strategies.

JACC Clin Electrophysiol 2021 02 29;7(2):151-160. Epub 2020 Oct 29.

Division of Cardiovascular Disease, Department of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA. Electronic address:

Objectives: This report describes a series of patients with neuroendocrine tumors with or without carcinoid heart disease undergoing catheter ablation at the authors' institution.

Background: Neuroendocrine (carcinoid) tumors are a rare form of neoplasm with the potential for systemic vasoactive effects and cardiac valvular involvement. These tumors can create peri-operative management challenges for the electrophysiologist. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2021