15,110 results match your criteria Lung Cancer and EGFR


Milk exosomes - Natural nanoparticles for siRNA delivery.

Cancer Lett 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

James Graham Brown Cancer Center; Department of Pharmacology & Toxicology, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY, 40202. Electronic address:

Gene-silencing with targeted siRNAs has great potential as a therapeutic approach for various diseases including cancer. However, intracellular delivery of siRNA is challenging. We used bovine milk exosomes as a novel system for siRNA delivery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.canlet.2019.02.011DOI Listing
February 2019

Concomitant radiotherapy and TKI in metastatic EGFR- or ALK-mutated non-small cell lung cancer: a multicentric analysis on behalf of AIRO lung cancer study group.

Radiol Med 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Oncology Radiation Therapy Unit, Careggi University Hospital, Florence, Italy.

Purpose: To investigate the role of radiotherapy (RT) in the management of EGFR- or ALK-mutated metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treated with TKI.

Materials And Methods: Clinical data of 106 patients (pts) from five Institutions treated with RT concomitant to TKI were retrospectively revised. Overall survival (OS) and toxicities were analyzed as endpoints of the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11547-019-00999-wDOI Listing
February 2019

Current Treatment Options for Breast Cancer Brain Metastases.

Curr Treat Options Oncol 2019 Feb 15;20(3):19. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Medicine, Burkhardt Brain Tumor and Neuro-Oncology Center, Neurological Institute, Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Ave, S73, Cleveland, OH, 44195, USA.

Opinion Statement: In the past, the standard of care for treatment of BM was whole brain radiation therapy (WBRT), stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS), and surgery. There has been a greater role for medical therapies in the last two decades due to the discovery of driver mutations and corresponding targeted therapies. These innovations have dramatically altered the approach to treating these patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11864-019-0618-5DOI Listing
February 2019

Influence of Mutation on Survival in Patients With Advanced -Mutant Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer.

JCO Precis Oncol 2018 31;2018. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.

Purpose: mutation (MT) in epidermal growth factor receptor () -MT non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is associated with poor response to targeted therapy; however, its impact on survival is not clearly established.

Patients And Methods: We performed an analysis of patients with stage IV MT NSCLC with available gene sequencing data. Associations between baseline characteristics; molecular profile, including MT; and survival outcomes were assessed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1200/PO.18.00107DOI Listing

PD-L1 expression and its effect on clinical outcomes of EGFR-mutant NSCLC patients treated with EGFR-TKIs.

Cancer Biol Med 2018 Nov;15(4):434-442

Department of General and Oncological Pulmonology, University Clinical Hospital Norbert Barlicki, Medical University of Lodz, Lodz 50243, Poland.

Objective: Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) activation was reported to upregulate programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression in lung cancer cells and subsequently contribute to immune escape, indicating its critical role in EGFR-driven lung tumors. This study characterized PD-L1 expression in patients with surgically resected EGFR-mutant non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The effect of PD-L1 expression on clinical outcomes was also investigated in advanced EGFR-mutant NSCLC treated with EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.20892/j.issn.2095-3941.2018.0223DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6372913PMC
November 2018

[Efficacy and Safety of Gefitinib as First-Line Chemotherapy for Elderly Patients with Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer(NSCLC)].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2019 Jan;46(1):55-59

Dept. of Respiratory/Medical Oncology, Tokyo Metropolitan Tama Medical Center.

Epidermalgrowth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor(EGFR-TKI)is the first choice for the treatment of EGFR mutation- positive advanced non-small cell lung cancer(NSCLC). There have been few reports on the efficacy and safety of gefitinib in elderly patients with EGFR mutation-positive advanced NSCLC. We retrospectively assessed the efficacy and safety of gefitinib as first-line chemotherapy in 22 patients with advanced NSCLC aged 75 years or older and who were treated with gefitinib. Read More

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January 2019

ERK Activity Imaging During Migration of Living Cells In Vitro and In Vivo.

Int J Mol Sci 2019 Feb 5;20(3). Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Department of Oncologic Pathology, School of Medicine, Kanazawa Medical University, Ishikawa 920-0293, Japan.

Extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) is a major downstream factor of the EGFR-RAS-RAF signalling pathway, and thus the role of ERK in cell growth has been widely examined. The development of biosensors based on fluorescent proteins has enabled us to measure ERK activities in living cells, both after growth factor stimulation and in its absence. Long-term imaging unexpectedly revealed the oscillative activation of ERK in an epithelial sheet or a cyst in vitro. Read More

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http://www.mdpi.com/1422-0067/20/3/679
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms20030679DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Osimertinib plus durvalumab versus osimertinib monotherapy in EGFR T790M-positive NSCLC following previous EGFR-TKI therapy: CAURAL brief report.

J Thorac Oncol 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Thoracic Oncology Program, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, USA.

Introduction: Osimertinib is a third-generation epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR-TKI). Durvalumab is an anti-PD-L1 monoclonal antibody. The Phase III open-label CAURAL trial (NCT02454933) investigated osimertinib plus durvalumab versus osimertinib monotherapy in patients with EGFR-TKI sensitizing and T790M mutation-positive advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and disease progression following EGFR-TKI therapy. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S15560864193010
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtho.2019.02.001DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read
5.282 Impact Factor

A Comprehensive Meta-Analysis of Association between EGFR Mutation Status and Brain Metastases in NSCLC.

Pathol Oncol Res 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Oncology Radiotherapy, First Affliated Hospital, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, 710061, People's Republic of China.

Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation have different clinicopathological characteristics compared with EGFR wild type NSCLC. A growing number of studies focused on the relevance between EGFR mutation status and brain metastases (BM) in NSCLC, but it remains controversial. Therefore, this study performed a comprehensive meta-analysis to untangle this issue. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12253-019-00598-0DOI Listing
February 2019
1.806 Impact Factor

The role of EGFR mutation as a prognostic factor in survival after diagnosis of brain metastasis in non-small cell lung cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

BMC Cancer 2019 Feb 13;19(1):145. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Surgical Oncology, First Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, 110001, Liaoning Province, China.

Background: The brain is a common site for metastasis in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). This study was designed to evaluate the relationship between the mutational of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and overall survival (OS) in NSCLC patients with brain metastases.

Methods: Searches were performed in PubMed, EmBase, and the Cochrane Library to identify studies evaluating the association of EGFR mutation with OS in NSCLC patients through September 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12885-019-5331-zDOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Treatment exceeds expectations in a patient with non-small cell lung adenocarcinoma with an EGFR exon 20 mutation.

J Oncol Pharm Pract 2019 Feb 13:1078155219829810. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

2 Smilow Cancer Center, Yale-New Haven at Saint Francis, Hartford, CT, USA.

Non-small cell lung adenocarcinoma is the most common type of lung cancer but is often difficult to treat. New treatment options have emerged with the class of tyrosine kinase inhibitors, but it has been found that certain genetic mutations in the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) receptor are not as sensitive to this treatment as others. We present a case of a 78-year-old man who was diagnosed with stage IV non-small cell lung adenocarcinoma with an EGFR exon 20 mutations treated with pemetrexed, nivolumab, and then docetaxel. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1078155219829810DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Cucurbitacin B Induces the Lysosomal Degradation of EGFR and Suppresses the CIP2A/PP2A/Akt Signaling Axis in Gefitinib-Resistant Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer.

Molecules 2019 Feb 12;24(3). Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Laboratory of Molecular Target Therapy of Cancer, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Hubei University of Medicine, Shiyan 442000, China.

Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients carrying an epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation are initially sensitive to EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) treatment, but soon develop an acquired resistance. The treatment effect of EGFR-TKIs-resistant NSCLC patients still faces challenges. Cucurbitacin B (CuB), a triterpene hydrocarbon compound isolated from plants of various families and genera, elicits anticancer effects in a variety of cancer types. Read More

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http://www.mdpi.com/1420-3049/24/3/647
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/molecules24030647DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Re-challenge of afatinib after 1st generation EGFR-TKI failure in patients with previously treated non-small cell lung cancer harboring EGFR mutation.

Cancer Chemother Pharmacol 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Respiratory Medicine Comprehensive Cancer Center, International Medical Center, Saitama Medical University, 1397-1 Yamane, Hidaka-City, Saitama, 350-1298, Japan.

Background: Re-challenge of erlotinib after gefitinib failure is reported to yield some benefit in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) harboring epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation. However, little is known about the re-challenge of afatinib after 1st generate on EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) failure.

Methods: From May 2015 to August 2018, 62 patients with advanced NSCLC harboring sensitive EGFR mutation received afatinib after gefitinib and/or erlotinib failure at our institution was included in our retrospective study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00280-019-03790-wDOI Listing
February 2019

Different next-generation sequencing pipelines based detection of tumor DNA in cerebrospinal fluid of lung adenocarcinoma cancer patients with leptomeningeal metastases.

BMC Cancer 2019 Feb 12;19(1):143. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of Oncology, Huashan Hospital Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

Background: The nucleic acid mutation status in intracranial metastasis is markedly significant clinically. The goal of the current study was to explore whether the tumor-associated mutations can be detected by different next-generation sequencing (NGS) pipelines in paired cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and plasma samples from lung adenocarcinoma (LAC) patients with leptomeningeal metastases (LM).

Methods: Paired CSF cell free DNA (cfDNA), CSF cells, plasma and formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded (FFPE) samples of primary tumors were collected from 29 LAC patients with LM to detect the mutations by different NGS pipelines. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12885-019-5348-3DOI Listing
February 2019

miRNA-223 is an anticancer gene in human non-small cell lung cancer through the PI3K/AKT pathway by targeting EGFR.

Oncol Rep 2019 Jan 24. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Jining First People's Hospital, Jining, Shandong 272111, P.R. China.

The present study aimed to further explore the molecular mechanisms of miRNA-223 in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Data prospectively collected from NSCLC patients and volunteers from March 2016 to MayMAP2016 at Tsinghua Changgung Hospital were analyzed. Cell proliferation was measured using MTT assay, while cell apoptosis and caspase-3/9 activity were measured using flow cytometry and caspase-3/9 activity kit. Read More

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http://www.spandidos-publications.com/10.3892/or.2019.6983
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/or.2019.6983DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads
2.191 Impact Factor

EGFR L747P mutation in one lung adenocarcinoma patient responded to afatinib treatment: a case report.

J Thorac Dis 2018 Dec;10(12):E802-E805

Department of Medical Oncology, Changzhou Cancer Hospital of Soochow University, Changzhou 213032, China.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/jtd.2018.12.26DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6344738PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Immunocytochemistry on Sputum Samples Predicts Prognosis of Lung Cancer.

J Cytol 2019 Jan-Mar;36(1):38-43

Division of Cancer Research, Regional Cancer Centre, Trivandrum, Kerala, India.

Context: Despite sputum cytology being accepted as a simple and noninvasive diagnostic method for lung cancer, the clinical usefulness of sputum for evaluation of prognosis is yet to be explored. Validation of some of the markers in sputum for prognosis prediction will be highly useful for selective therapy.

Aims: This study was aimed to evaluate a reliable panel of immunocytochemical markers for their significance to predict survival. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JOC.JOC_103_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6343390PMC
February 2019
1 Read

A Comparative Study of Cell Block versus Biopsy for Detection of Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Mutations and Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase Rearrangement in Adenocarcinoma Lung.

J Cytol 2019 Jan-Mar;36(1):13-17

Department of Pulmonary Medicine, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Background: Lung cancer is a leading cause of deaths attributed to cancer worldwide. Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation and anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) rearrangement are commonly found in patients of adenocarcinoma lung against, which targeted therapy is available. In this era of personalized medicine, it is a rationale to detect these molecular alterations in cases of lung carcinomas. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JOC.JOC_66_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6343387PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Analysis of the frequency of oncogenic driver mutations and correlation with clinicopathological characteristics in patients with lung adenocarcinoma from Northeastern Switzerland.

Diagn Pathol 2019 Feb 11;14(1):18. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Institute of Pathology and Molecular Pathology, Clinical Pathology, University Hospital Zurich, Rämistrasse 100, 8091, Zurich, Switzerland.

Background: Molecular testing of lung adenocarcinoma for oncogenic driver mutations has become standard in pathology practice. The aim of the study was to analyze the EGFR, KRAS, ALK, RET, ROS1, BRAF, ERBB2, MET and PIK3CA mutational status in a representative cohort of Swiss patients with lung adenocarcinoma and to correlate the mutational status with clinicopathological patient characteristics.

Methods: All patients who underwent molecular testing of newly diagnosed lung adenocarcinoma during a 4-year period (2014-2018) were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13000-019-0789-1DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Axl kinase drives immune checkpoint and chemokine signalling pathways in lung adenocarcinomas.

Mol Cancer 2019 Feb 11;18(1):24. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, 980 8574, Japan.

Axl receptor tyrosine kinase is involved in the growth and metastasis and is an indicator of poor prognosis in several cancers including lung cancers. Although a mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway and an epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) program are critical, molecular mechanisms underlying the Axl-driven cancer progression have not been fully elucidated. We aimed to identify molecules up-regulated by Axl kinase in lung adenocarcinomas. Read More

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https://molecular-cancer.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12943-019-0953-yDOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Afatinib-loaded Immunoliposomes Functionalized with Cetuximab: a Novel Strategy Targeting the Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor for Treatment of Non-small-cell Lung Cancer.

Int J Pharm 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

School of Pharmacy, Key Laboratory of Molecular Pharmacology and Drug Evaluation, Ministry of Education, Collaborative Innovation Center of Advanced Drug Delivery System and Biotech Drugs in Universities of Shandong, Yantai University, Yantai, 264005, China.

Afatinib, a selective and irreversible inhibitor of tyrosine kinase, was approved for the treatment of advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) overexpression in 2013. Cetuximab (CTX), an anti-EGFR monoclonal antibody, is co-administered with afatinib to improve efficacy. Unfortunately, dose-related adverse reactions caused by combination therapy have affected patient compliance, and have resulted in treatment discontinuation in severe cases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpharm.2019.02.001DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase (ALK)-positive Tumors: Clinical, Radiographic and Molecular Profiles, and Uncommon Sites of Metastases in Patients With Lung Adenocarcinoma.

Am J Clin Oncol 2019 Feb 5. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Department of Medical Oncology and Therapeutic Research, City of Hope National Medical Center, Duarte, CA.

Introduction: Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) gene rearrangements are observed in about 4% to 8% non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). ALK+ tumors have been associated with increased pleural and pericardial disease. Our primary objective was to determine the uncommon sites of metastasis of ALK+ NSCLC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/COC.0000000000000508DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

A novel LncRNA-based prognostic score reveals TP53-dependent subtype of lung adenocarcinoma with poor survival.

J Cell Physiol 2019 Feb 10. Epub 2019 Feb 10.

Department of Biosciences and Bioengineering, Indian Institute of Technology Dharwad, Dharwad, Karnataka, India.

The prognostic signatures play an essential role in the era of personalised therapy for cancer patients including lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD). Long noncoding RNA (LncRNA), a relatively novel class of RNA, has shown to play a crucial role in all the areas of cancer biology. Here, we developed and validated a robust LncRNA-based prognostic signature for LUAD patients using three different cohorts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jcp.28260DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Upfront osimertinib in -mutated non-small cell lung cancer: is brain still a sanctuary?

Ann Transl Med 2018 Dec;6(Suppl 2):S110

Medical Oncology Unit, University Hospital of Parma, Parma, Italy.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/atm.2018.11.69DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6330596PMC
December 2018
1 Read

FoxO3a inhibiting expression of EPS8 to prevent progression of NSCLC: A new negative loop of EGFR signaling.

EBioMedicine 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Institute of Clinical Pharmacology, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan 450001, China. Electronic address:

Background: The resistance to EGF receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) is a major challenge in the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Understanding the molecular mechanisms behind resistance is therefore an important issue. Here we assessed the role of EGFR pathway substrate 8 (EPS8) and Forkhead box O 3a (FoxO3a) as potentially valuable targets in the resistance of NSCLC . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ebiom.2019.01.053DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Generation of pulmonary neuroendocrine cells and SCLC-like tumors from human embryonic stem cells.

J Exp Med 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Meyer Cancer Center, Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, NY

Cancer models based on cells derived from human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) may reveal why certain constellations of genetic changes drive carcinogenesis in specialized lineages. Here we demonstrate that inhibition of NOTCH signaling induces up to 10% of lung progenitor cells to form pulmonary neuroendocrine cells (PNECs), putative precursors to small cell lung cancers (SCLCs), and we can increase PNECs by reducing levels of retinoblastoma (RB) proteins with inhibitory RNA. Reducing levels of TP53 protein or expressing mutant or genes did not induce or expand PNECs, but tumors resembling early-stage SCLC grew in immunodeficient mice after subcutaneous injection of PNEC-containing cultures in which expression of both and was blocked. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1084/jem.20181155DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Phase Ib evaluation of a self-adjuvanted protamine formulated mRNA-based active cancer immunotherapy, BI1361849 (CV9202), combined with local radiation treatment in patients with stage IV non-small cell lung cancer.

J Immunother Cancer 2019 Feb 8;7(1):38. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Medical Oncology, University Hospital Basel, Basel, Switzerland.

Background: Preclinical studies demonstrate synergism between cancer immunotherapy and local radiation, enhancing anti-tumor effects and promoting immune responses. BI1361849 (CV9202) is an active cancer immunotherapeutic comprising protamine-formulated, sequence-optimized mRNA encoding six non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)-associated antigens (NY-ESO-1, MAGE-C1, MAGE-C2, survivin, 5T4, and MUC-1), intended to induce targeted immune responses.

Methods: We describe a phase Ib clinical trial evaluating treatment with BI1361849 combined with local radiation in 26 stage IV NSCLC patients with partial response (PR)/stable disease (SD) after standard first-line therapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40425-019-0520-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6368815PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Positive response to Icotinib in metastatic lung adenocarcinoma with acquiring EGFR Leu792H mutation after AZD9291 treatment: a case report.

BMC Cancer 2019 Feb 8;19(1):131. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Medical Oncology, Quzhou People's Hospital, No. 2 Zhongloudi Road, Quzhou, 324000, People's Republic of China.

Background: Epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) have been emerged as the standard selection in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with EGFR sensitive mutations. However, primary or acquired resistance to EGFR-TKIs seems inevitable, especially to third-generation TKIs, which has appeared absence of effective solutions so far.

Case Presentation: Here we reported a NSCLC patient with EGFR sensitive mutation of deletion within EGFR exon 19, who had been resistant to icotinib and AZD9291 successively after a period of 18 months response duration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12885-019-5352-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6368759PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Correlation of Thyroid Transcription Factor-1 Expression with Mutations in Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer: A Meta-Analysis.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2019 Feb 7;55(2). Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Division of Hemato-Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, Hallym University Medical Center, Anyang 14068, Korea.

Objectives: This meta-analysis investigated the relationship between thyroid transcription factor-1 (TTF-1) expression and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) to clarify whether TTF-1 can be a potential surrogate marker for EGFR mutation status in advanced NSLCL.

Methods: A systematic searching of databases, including PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and Google Scholar, was performed to identify studies assessing the correlation of TTF-1 expression with EGFR mutations. From 17 studies, 9764 patients were included in the combined analysis of odds ratio (OR) for the correlation between TTF-1 expression and mutations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/medicina55020041DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Ginsenoside 20(S)-protopanaxadiol inhibits triple-negative breast cancer metastasis in vivo by targeting EGFR-mediated MAPK pathway.

Pharmacol Res 2019 Feb 5;142:1-13. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Institute of Chinese Materia Medica, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing, 100700, PR China. Electronic address:

Metastasis is the primary cause of cancer recurrence and cancer related mortality in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). EGFR overexpression is in 50-75% TNBC and EGFR-mediated signaling has potential as an attractive therapeutic target in some specific subtypes of breast cancer due to its significant association with tumor metastasis and poor prognosis. Therefore, identification of promising therapeutic strategies targeting EGFR with higher specificity toward cancer metastasis is urgently needed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phrs.2019.02.003DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Mixed response to osimertinib and the beneficial effects of additional local therapy.

Thorac Cancer 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Thoracic Oncology, National Cancer Center Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: Although non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLCs) harboring EGFR mutations initially respond well to EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), they typically progress after approximately one year. The EGFR T790M mutation is the most common resistance mechanism. NSCLCs with T790M respond well to osimertinib; however, the heterogeneity of NSCLCs may limit the efficacy. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/1759-7714.12991
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1759-7714.12991DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Inhibitory Effect of (2R)-1-(1-Benzofuran-2-yl)-N-propylpentan-2-amine on Lung Adenocarcinoma.

Pathol Oncol Res 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

1st Department of Pathology and Experimental Cancer Research, Semmelweis University, Üllői út 26., Budapest, H-1085, Hungary.

BPAP is a potent enhancer substance with catecholaminergic and serotoninergic activity in the brain. It was discovered that it is also effective against certain types of experimental cancers, showing the most promising results in case of lung cancer. That is why we tested its efficacy in two different doses in a newly developed EGFR wild type mouse lung adenocarcinoma xenograft model. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12253-019-00603-6DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Biomarker concordance between primary colorectal cancer and its metastases.

EBioMedicine 2019 Feb 4. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Colorectal & Peritoneal Oncology Centre, The Christie NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, UK; Division of Cancer Sciences, School of Medical Science, Faculty of Biology, Medicine and Health, University of Manchester, UK. Electronic address:

Background: The use of biomarkers to target anti-EGFR treatments for metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC) is well-established, requiring molecular analysis of primary or metastatic biopsies. We aim to review concordance between primary CRC and its metastatic sites.

Methods: A systematic review and meta-analysis of all published studies (1991-2018) reporting on biomarker concordance between primary CRC and its metastatic site(s) was undertaken according to PRISMA guidelines using several medical databases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ebiom.2019.01.050DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Sialidase Attenuates Epidermal Growth Factor Response and Abolishes Antiproliferative Effects of Erlotinib in A549Alveolar Epithelial Cells.

Adv Exp Med Biol 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Pharmacology, Medical University of Bialystok, Bialystok, Poland.

Erlotinib is a widely used, reversible tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI), targeting pro-proliferative signaling of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR). The drug is approved for the first-line treatment of patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer with EGFR mutations. Extracellular glycans can affect EGFR expression, dimerization, phosphorylation, and EGF binding. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/5584_2018_329DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Structure-activity relationship study on therapeutically relevant EGFR double mutant inhibitors.

Med Chem 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Bioinformatics Division, ICMR-National Institute of Cancer Prevention and Research, I-7, Sector-39, Noida-201301. India.

Background: EGFR is a clinically approved drug target in cancer. The first generation tyrosine kinase inhibitors targeting L858R mutated EGFR are routinely used to treat non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, the presence of a secondary mutation (T790M) tenders these inhibitors ineffective and thus results in the relapse of the disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1573406415666190206204853DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Liver X receptor agonist T0901317 inhibits the migration and invasion of non-small-cell lung cancer cells in vivo and in vitro.

Anticancer Drugs 2019 Feb 4. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Research Center for Clinical Oncology.

Liver X receptors are recognized as important regulators of cholesterol, fatty acid metabolism, inflammatory responses, and glucose homeostasis. The antineoplastic properties of synthetic liver X receptor (LXR) agonists (T0901317 and GW3965) have been reported in human carcinomas. Epidermal growth factor tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR-TKI) is a first-line treatment for non-small-cell lung cancer patients with EGFR mutations. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00001813-900000000-9870
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CAD.0000000000000758DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads
1.891 Impact Factor

Genetic and epigenetic alterations of the EGFR and mutually independent association with BRCA1, MGMT, and RASSF1A methylations in Vietnamese lung adenocarcinomas.

Pathol Res Pract 2019 Jan 29. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

National Key Laboratory of Gene Technology, Institute Vietnam, Academy of Science and Technology, 18 Hoang Quoc Viet Street, Cau Giay, Hanoi, Viet Nam; Biotechnology Department, Graduate University of Science and Technology, Academy of Science and Technology, 18 Hoang Quoc Viet Street, Cau Giay, Hanoi, Viet Nam. Electronic address:

Genetic and epigenetic alterations importantly contribute to the pathogenesis of lung cancer. In the study, we measured the frequency and distribution of molecular abnormalities of EGFR as well as the aberrant promoter methylations of BRCA1, MGMT, MLH1, and RASSF1A in Vietnamese lung adenocarcinomas. We investigated the association between genetic and epigenetic alteration, and between each abnormality with clinicopathologic parameters. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.prp.2019.01.032DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Proposal for a combined histo-molecular algorithm to distinguish multiple primary adenocarcinomas from intrapulmonary metastasis in patients with multiple lung tumors.

J Thorac Oncol 2019 Feb 2. Epub 2019 Feb 2.

Department of Biochemistry, Unit of Pharmacogenetic and Molecular Oncology, Georges Pompidou European Hospital, Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris, Paris, France; INSERM UMR-S1147, Paris Sorbonne Cite University, Paris, France.

Introduction: Multiple nodules in lung are diagnosed with an increasing frequency due to high quality CT-scan imaging. In patients suffering from lung cancer, this situation represents up to 10% of operated patients. For clinical management, it is important to classify the disease as intra-pulmonary metastasis or multiple primary lung carcinomas to define TNM classification and optimize therapeutic options. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtho.2019.01.017DOI Listing
February 2019
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Immune checkpoint inhibitors in EGFR-mutation positive TKI-treated patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer network meta-analysis.

Oncotarget 2019 Jan 4;10(2):209-215. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Oncology and Hematology Department, Oncology Unit, Piacenza General Hospital, Piacenza, Italy.

Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) patients with Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) mutation benefit from a first line of treatment with tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). After progression, the choice of treatment is between chemotherapy and immune checkpoint inhibitors, but the role of EGFR mutation in the response to immunotherapy is still unclear. A network meta-analysis was performed and 4 randomized trials comparing immune checkpoint inhibitors versus chemotherapy were identified. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.26541DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6349440PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Oxidized Vitamin C (DHA) Overcomes Resistance to EGFR-targeted Therapy of Lung Cancer through Disturbing Energy Homeostasis.

J Cancer 2019 1;10(3):757-764. Epub 2019 Jan 1.

Department of Nutrition, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Food, Nutrition and Health, School of Public Health, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, PR China.

Switching aerobic respiration to anaerobic glycolysis of cancer cells plays an important role in development and progression of acquired resistance. Since vitamin C enabled the inhibition of glycolysis of cancer cells, and erlotinib-resistant sub-line of HCC827 (ER6 cells) switched its metabolic features to higher glycolysis for survival, we hypothesize that vitamin C is able to inhibit glycolysis of ER6 cells. In this study, we found that both reduced vitamin C and oxidized vitamin C (DHA) could selectively suppress the viability of ER6 cells. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7150/jca.28087DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6360421PMC
January 2019
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First-line continual EGFR-TKI plus local ablative therapy demonstrated survival benefit in EGFR-mutant NSCLC patients with oligoprogressive disease.

J Cancer 2019 1;10(2):522-529. Epub 2019 Jan 1.

Department of Oncology, Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital, School of Medicine, Tongji University, Shanghai, People's Republic of China.

The effect of local ablative therapy (LAT) for oligoprogressive epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remains undetermined. This study aimed to investigate the survival benefit of addition of LAT to EGFR-TKIs in EGFR-mutant NSCLC patients with oligoprogression during TKI therapy. Patients with stage IIIB/IV EGFR mutant NSCLC who had oligoprogressive disease during the first-line EGFR-TKI therapy from March 2011 to February 2016 were identified. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7150/jca.26494DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6360299PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Investigation on Advanced Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer among Elderly Patients Treated with Chinese Herbal Medicine versus Chemotherapy: A Pooled Analysis of Individual Data.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2019 2;2019:1898345. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Integrative Cancer Centre, Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine First Affiliated Hospital, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China.

Purpose: Many patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) seek help from Chinese herbal medicine (CHM). The purpose of this study was to investigate the survival between CHM and chemotherapy (CT) treatment of patients aged ≥60 years with advanced Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) wild type NSCLC and Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS) ≥ 60.

Methods: We extracted individual data of all eligible patients from 1 randomized control trial and 2 cohort studies and performed a pooled analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/1898345DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6334362PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Establishment and characterization of a patient-derived circulating lung tumor cell line in vitro and in vivo.

Cancer Cell Int 2019 29;19:21. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine Oncology, Shanghai Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai, 200032 People's Republic of China.

Background: Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) have been described as a population of cells that may seed metastasis, which is a reliable target for the prevention of metastases in lung cancer patients at the early stage. The culturing of CTCs in vitro can be used to study the mechanism of lung cancer metastasis and to screen antimetastasis drugs. This study aims to establish CTC cell line in vitro and explore the potential mechanism of its metastasis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12935-019-0735-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6352330PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Novel Third-Generation EGFR Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors and Strategies to Overcome Therapeutic Resistance in Lung Cancer.

Cancer Res 2019 Feb 4;79(4):689-698. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

University of California San Diego, Moores Cancer Center, La Jolla, California.

EGFR-activating mutations are observed in approximately 15% to 20% of patients with non-small cell lung cancer. Tyrosine kinase inhibitors have provided an illustrative example of the successes in targeting oncogene addiction in cancer and the role of tumor-specific adaptations conferring therapeutic resistance. The compound osimertinib is a third-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitor, which was granted full FDA approval in March 2017 based on targeting EGFR T790M resistance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-18-1281DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read
9.329 Impact Factor

Phase 1 Study of Cabozantinib in Japanese Patients With Expansion Cohorts in Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer.

Clin Lung Cancer 2018 Dec 31. Epub 2018 Dec 31.

St Luke's International Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: Cabozantinib inhibits tyrosine kinases including MET, AXL, VEGFR2, RET, KIT, and ROS1 and has demonstrated antitumor activity in multiple tumor types. The primary objective of this phase 1 study (NCT01553656) was to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D) of cabozantinib in Japanese patients.

Patients And Methods: Patients with advanced solid tumors were enrolled at 2 sites in Japan. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cllc.2018.12.018DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

Molecular dynamic investigate the affection of EGFR by Tubemoside.

J Mol Graph Model 2019 Jan 29;88:203-208. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Shaanxi Buchang Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd, Xi'an, Shaanxi, 710075, PR China; Shaanxi Institute of International Trade and Commerce, Xianyang, 712046, PR China. Electronic address:

Tubemoside as a common traditional Chinese medicine is playing an important role in the field of prevention and treatment of lung cancer without any side effects. However, the reason and its mechanism remain unclear. In our study, the molecular dynamic simulation was used to investigate the mechanism at the molecular level. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10933263183062
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmgm.2019.01.017DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Partial-volume correction in dynamic PET-CT: effect on tumor kinetic parameter estimation and validation of simplified metrics.

EJNMMI Res 2019 Feb 4;9(1):12. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Amsterdam UMC, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Cancer Center Amsterdam, De Boelelaan 1117, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Background: Partial-volume effects generally result in an underestimation of tumor tracer uptake on PET-CT for small lesions, necessitating partial-volume correction (PVC) for accurate quantification. However, investigation of PVC in dynamic oncological PET studies to date is scarce. The aim of this study was to investigate PVC's impact on tumor kinetic parameter estimation from dynamic PET-CT acquisitions and subsequent validation of simplified semi-quantitative metrics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13550-019-0483-zDOI Listing
February 2019
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Beneficial Effect of Osimertinib Readministration in Non-small-cell Lung Cancer Harboring an EGFR Mutation With a History of Acquired Resistance to Osimertinib.

Intern Med 2019 Feb 1. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Okayama University Hospital, Japan.

We herein report a case of the beneficial effect of osimertinib readministration in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) harboring an epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation. A 69-year-old non-smoking woman was diagnosed with advanced NSCLC harboring an EGFR ex19 deletion and T790M. She was treated with osimertinib for two years but eventually acquired resistance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2169/internalmedicine.2152-18DOI Listing
February 2019
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Upfront Cranial Radiotherapy Followed by Erlotinib Positively Affects Clinical Outcomes of Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor-mutant Non-small Cell Lung Cancer With Brain Metastases.

Anticancer Res 2019 Feb;39(2):923-931

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Kumamoto University Hospital, Kumamoto, Japan.

Background/aim: The optimal treatment strategy for epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-mutant non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with brain metastasis (BM) has not yet been fully determined. The aim of this study was to investigate the optimal management of EGFR-mutant NSCLC patients with BM.

Patients And Methods: A multicenter retrospective study was performed on the clinical outcomes of 81 advanced/recurrent EGFR-mutant NSCLC patients with BM treated with EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) (gefitinib n=52 or erlotinib n=29). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21873/anticanres.13195DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read