7,689 results match your criteria Lung Abscess


Parasitic infections as major cause of abattoir condemnations in cattle slaughtered at an Ethiopian abattoir: 10-year retrospective study.

J Helminthol 2019 Feb 7:1-7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Abattoirs are vital for gathering information on animal diseases and protecting the public from consuming infected or unhygienic meat. To assess the major reasons for organ and carcass condemnations and their financial implications, we reviewed 10-year abattoir records of slaughtered bovines between January 2005 and December 2014 at Kombolcha ELFORA abattoir, north-east Ethiopia. Of the 46,913 cattle slaughtered during that period, 17,963 (38. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022149X1900004XDOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Cladophialophora bantiana brain abscess in lung transplant recipient.

Transpl Infect Dis 2019 Feb 3:e13057. Epub 2019 Feb 3.

Joseph Ayobabalola University, Ikeji-Arakeji, Nigeria.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/tid.13057DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Acquired reversible Brown syndrome caused by focal abscess of superior oblique muscle.

J AAPOS 2019 Jan 30. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Department of Ophthalmology, Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.

A 16-year-old boy with a history of relapsed acute myeloid leukemia and a right lower lobe lung abscess confirmed to be Aspergillus presented for a baseline eye examination prior to consideration of bone marrow transplantation. He noted double vision in up-and-left gaze, and his examination was consistent with an acquired right-sided Brown syndrome. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a 4 mm rim-enhancing inflammatory focus in the right superior oblique muscle. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaapos.2018.12.003DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Long-lasting response to afatinib that persisted after treatment discontinuation in a case of -mutated lung adenocarcinoma.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Jan 31;12(1). Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Division of Respirology, Department of Internal Medicine, The Jikei University Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.

It is unknown whether tyrosine kinase inhibitors targeting epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) can be discontinued in patients in whom -mutated lung cancer has well stabilised. We present a case of a 73-year-old Japanese woman with no history of smoking. Right pulmonary lower lobectomy, lymph node dissection and segmental resection of the right middle lobe were performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-227383DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Disseminated Nocardia asiatica infection in an immunocompromised individual: A rare entity needs careful vigilance.

J Infect Public Health 2019 Jan 28. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Department of Microbiology, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, India.

Nocardia asteroides complex and Nocardia brasiliensis are common etiological agents of disseminated nocardiosis among immunocompromised individuals. Here we reported an uncommon case of disseminated nocardiosis with the involvement of lung, brain, soft tissue & pancreas by a rarely isolated species Nocardia asiatica in a HIV infected individual. Diagnosis was initially misinterpreted as tuberculosis based on the clinical and radiological findings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jiph.2018.12.008DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Abscess Formation in Metastatic Brain Tumor with History of Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor: A Case Report.

NMC Case Rep J 2019 Jan 18;6(1):11-15. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Department of Neurosurgery, Institute of Biomedical and Health Sciences, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Hiroshima, Japan.

We present the case of a 68-year-old man with brain metastasis from lung cancer and a history of immune checkpoint inhibitor administration, with overlapping abscess within the metastatic lesion. He initially received antibiotic treatment under a diagnosis of brain abscess because of a hyper-intense area on diffusion-weighted imaging inside the gadolinium-enhanced wall. The size of the enhanced lesion did not change much, but the extent of perifocal edema decreased after antibiotic treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2176/nmccrj.cr.2018-0126DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350031PMC
January 2019
1 Read

[A Case of Successful Drainage for Mediastinitis during Chemotherapy for Unresectable Advanced Esophageal Cancer].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2018 Dec;45(13):2402-2404

Dept. of Surgery, Kansai Rosai Hospital.

A 78-year-old man complained of dysphagia. Gastrointestinal endoscopy showed a Type 2 tumor in the lower esophagus and a Type 0-Ⅱa lesion in the posterior wall of the upper gastric body. An enhanced CT scan showed several swollen abdominal and cervical lymph nodes as well as bilateral lung multiple nodules, suggesting distant metastasis. Read More

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December 2018
6 Reads

[Two Cases of CT-Guided Radiofrequency Ablation Therapy for Pelvic Recurrence from Rectal Cancer].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2018 Dec;45(13):1794-1796

Division of Lower GI Surgery, Dept. of Surgery, Hyogo College of Medicine.

We experienced 2 cases of pelvic recurrence from rectal cancer. These patients received radiofrequency ablation(RFA) therapy. Case 1 was a 76-year-old man who underwent intersphincteric resection for lower rectal cancer in October 2013. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Disseminated Blastomycosis in a Teenager Presenting with Pleural Effusion and Splenomegaly.

J Emerg Med 2019 Jan 25. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin; Children's Hospital of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

Background: Blastomycosis is caused by a fungus endemic to states and providences bordering the Lawrence Rivers and the Great Lakes. It can lead to significant pathology in both immunocompetent and immunocompromised hosts. This case report describes disseminated blastomycosis in an otherwise healthy 16-year-old patient. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jemermed.2018.12.035DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Phase 1b/2 Randomized Study of MEDI-575 in Combination With Carboplatin Plus Paclitaxel Versus Carboplatin Plus Paclitaxel Alone in Adult Patients With Previously Untreated Advanced Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer.

Clin Lung Cancer 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Thoracic/Head and Neck Medical Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX. Electronic address:

Introduction: Platinum doublet chemotherapy has represented the standard of care in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer for decades. Targeting platelet-derived growth factor receptors (PDGFR) is a potential mechanism to improve the efficacy of first-line therapy. This randomized phase 1b/2 trial investigated the addition of the anti-PDGFRα monoclonal antibody MEDI-575 to first-line carboplatin/paclitaxel (CP) chemotherapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cllc.2018.11.012DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Percutaneous Bronchial Embolization to Treat Intractable Bronchobiliary Fistula.

Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol 2019 Jan 25. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Department of Radiology, Center for Liver Cancer, National Cancer Center, 323 Ilsan-ro, Ilsandong-gu, Goyang-si, Gyeonggi-do, 10408, Republic of Korea.

Sixty-four-year-old female who underwent hemi-hepatectomy for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma a year ago presented with biliary sputum, cough and fever. Cross-sectional imaging showed a recurred tumor involving right diaphragmatic area and an abscess formation in liver dome with adjacent right lower lobe of lung. Percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage and percutaneous drainage of lung abscess were performed. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00270-019-02166-0
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00270-019-02166-0DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads

lung abscess in an immunocompetent adolescent.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Jan 10;12(1). Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Pediatric Pulmonology Unit, Department of Pediatrics, Centro Hospitalar São João EPE, Porto, Portugal.

The authors report a case of a lung abscess caused by sp. in a previously healthy adolescent. A 17-year-old young man presented with tonsillitis that did not respond to β-lactamic antibiotic, dyspnoea and thoracic pain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-227499DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Echocardiographic findings of cardiovascular involvement in Behçet's disease and post-operative complications after cardiac surgery.

Clin Exp Rheumatol 2018 Nov-Dec;36(6 Suppl 115):103-109. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Echocardiography, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, and Beijing Institute of Heart Lung and Blood Vessel Diseases, Beijing, China.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to analyse the spectrum of echocardiographic findings in patients with cardiovascular involvement in Behçet's disease (BD) and followed up the post-operative complications.

Methods: We enrolled 26 BD patients who underwent first cardiac surgery in Anzhen Hospital, Beijing, China. Medical records and echocardiographic findings were retrospectively analysed. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads
2.724 Impact Factor

Metachronous Pulmonary Neoplasms in Lung Transplantation-When They Arise in the Donor Lung: A Case Report.

Transplant Proc 2018 Dec 6;50(10):4075-4079. Epub 2018 Sep 6.

Pulmonology Department, Hospital Pedro Hispano, Senhora da Hora, Matosinhos, Portugal.

Lung cancer (LC) is uncommon among lung transplant recipients, being most often described in the native lung of single-lung transplant recipients. Its appearance in the transplanted lung is a very uncommon phenomenon, in which donor and recipient factors appear to be involved. We present a case of 2 distinct metachronous lung neoplasms diagnosed in the transplanted lung of a non-smoker patient with progressive massive silicosis (PMS), who underwent left unipulmonary transplantation at 39 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.transproceed.2018.08.051DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Mild to Moderate Intrapulmonary Shunting in Pediatric Liver Transplantation: Is Screening Necessary?

Transplant Proc 2018 Dec 30;50(10):3496-3500. Epub 2018 May 30.

Organ Transplantation Centre, National Centre for Child Health and Development, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: Despite reported associations between intrapulmonary vascular shunting (IPVS) and morbidity and mortality in pediatric liver transplantation (LT), there are no guidelines for screening.

Objective: To investigate IPVS before and after pediatric LT.

Methods: Retrospective records review of all pediatric LT (n = 370) from 2005 to 2015 at a single institute in Japan. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00411345183073
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.transproceed.2018.05.025DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

[Hypersensitivity pneumonitis and abscess reaction to nontuberculous mycobacteria acquired form jacuzzi aerosol].

Rev Mal Respir 2019 Jan 17;36(1):57-62. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Université François Rabelais, Inserm U1100, faculté de médecine de Tours, 37000 Tours, France.

Introduction: Mycobacterium avium complex can be responsible for a number of different radio-clinical presentations, ranging from invasive infections to hypersensitivity pneumonitis due to repeated inhalation of antigens. The diagnosis of hypersensitivity pneumonitis is clinical, radiological, biological and microbiological.

Case Report: A 61-year-old male developed a hypersensitivity pneumonitis reaction to non-tuberculous mycobacteria, following the repeated use of his own spa, which later evolved into chronic respiratory failure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rmr.2017.10.670DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Primary hepatic leiomyosarcoma presenting as a thick-walled cystic mass resembling a liver abscess: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Dec;97(51):e13861

Department of Radiology, the First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, China.

Rationale: Hepatic leiomyosarcoma is a rare malignant tumor, and in rare instances, its combination with fever may lead to misdiagnosis of liver abscess. In our case, the presence of the tumor was considered by the presence of blood vessels through the observation of hepatic tumor wall.

Patient Concerns: A 38-year-old woman who had been diagnosed with a liver abscess in a local hospital consulted our institution by complaining left upper quadrant pain and fever. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000013861DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6319981PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Diffuse large B cell lymphoma with superimposed lung abscess: potential role for intracavitary fibrinolytic therapy through a percutaneous drain to facilitate lung abscess drainage.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Nov 28;11(1). Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Pulmonary and Critical Care, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA.

This is a case of primary pulmonary lymphoma presenting concurrently with superimposed lung abscess, managed with the assistance of intracavitary fibrinolytic therapy. A 28-year-old man presented with 2 months of persistent cough. He had a large lung abscess involving almost the entire right upper lobe. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-225670DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

A Rare Case of Neutrophil-Rich, ALK-Negative Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma in the Lung Mimicking a Pulmonary Abscess on 18F-FDG PET/CT.

Clin Nucl Med 2019 Mar;44(3):234-237

From the PET Center, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China.

A 21-year-old man complained of cough, fever, and hemoptysis for 15 days. Peripheral neutrophil cell (33.8 × 10/L) was markedly increased, and a mass in the left lung was detected by chest radiography. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/RLU.0000000000002419DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Nondiagnostic Percutaneous Transthoracic Needle Biopsy of Lung Lesions: A Multicenter Study of Malignancy Risk.

Radiology 2018 Dec 18:181482. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

From the Department of Radiology, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Gyeonggi-do, South Korea (K.H.L.); Department of Radiology, National Cancer Center, Gyeonggi-do, South Korea (K.Y.L.); Department of Radiology, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea (Y.J.S., J.H.); Research Institute of Radiological Science, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea (J.H.); Department of Radiology, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, South Korea (D.H.H.); Department of Radiology, Inje University Sanggyepaik Hospital, Seoul, South Korea (M.J.K.); Department of Radiology, Korea University Ansan Hospital, Korea University College of Medicine, Gyeonggi-do, South Korea (J.Y.C., C.K.); Department of Radiology, Kyung Hee University Hospital at Gangdong, College of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, South Korea (J.I.K.); Department of Radiology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea (S.H.Y., C.M.P.); Department of Statistics, Inha University, Incheon, South Korea (W.L.); and Institute of Radiation Medicine, Seoul National University Medical Research Center, 101 Daehak-ro, Jongno-gu, Seoul 03080, South Korea (C.M.P.).

Purpose To evaluate the malignancy risk of lung lesions that show nondiagnostic results at transthoracic needle biopsy (PTNB) of the lung and to identify any malignancy-associated risk factors in each nondiagnostic category. Materials and Methods In this retrospective study, 9384 initial PTNBs (9239 patients [mean age, 65 years; age range, 20-99 years] consisting of 5729 men [mean age, 66 years; age range, 20-99 years] and 3510 women [mean age, 63 years; age range, 20-94 years]) were performed in eight institutions between January 2010 and December 2014. PTNB results were categorized as diagnostic (malignant or specifically benign) or nondiagnostic (nonspecific benign pathologic findings, atypical cells, or insufficient specimen), and the proportion of final malignant diagnoses per nondiagnostic category was obtained. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1148/radiol.2018181482DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Intensive care unit-acquired complicated necrotizing pneumonia caused by : A case report.

Intractable Rare Dis Res 2018 Nov;7(4):283-286

Department of Clinical Laboratory, Tainan Municipal Hospital (Managed by Show Chwan Medical Care Corporation), Tainan, Taiwan.

A 58-year-old man with a history of diabetes mellitus and end-stage renal disease acquired pneumonia with acute respiratory failure during his stay in an intensive care unit (ICU). Empirical antimicrobial therapy with ceftazidime and vancomycin was initiated, and imipenem replaced ceftazidime 2 days later due to the patients pulmonary condition failed to improve. However, within 5 days, pulmonary consolidation rapidly progressed to necrotizing pneumonia complicated by lung abscess, empyema, pyopneumothorax, and tension pneumothorax, leading to the patient's death. Read More

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https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/irdr/7/4/7_2018.01116/_
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5582/irdr.2018.01116DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6290836PMC
November 2018
5 Reads

Cardiac tamponade after radiofrequency ablation for hepatocellular carcinoma: Case report and literature review.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Dec;97(49):e13532

Department of Internal Medicine, Chonnam National University Medical School.

Rationale: Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is a safe and effective local treatment modality with a low complication rate and is commonly used to treat hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The clinical outcome of RFA may be closely related to the location, size, and shape of index tumors, and major complications, including hemorrhage, liver abscess, infarction, visceral organ perforation, hemothorax, pneumothorax, tumoral seeding, and hepatic failure. Cardiac tamponade is a rare and serious life-threatening complication associated with RFA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000013532DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6310525PMC
December 2018
7 Reads

Multi-systemic melioidosis: a clinical, neurological, and radiological case study from Hainan Province, China.

BMC Infect Dis 2018 Dec 12;18(1):649. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Radiology, Hainan General Hospital, No. 19 Xiuhua Road, Xiuying District, Haikou, 570311, Hainan, People's Republic of China.

Background: Melioidosis is a tropical disease caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei (B. pseudomallei). It can infect any organ system and lead to multiple abscesses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-018-3569-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6291948PMC
December 2018

A symptomatic anterior mediastinal mass with a simultaneous infection.

Respirol Case Rep 2019 Feb 4;7(2):e00394. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Division of Thoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery Taipei Veterans General Hospital Taipei Taiwan.

Surgical resection remains the treatment of choice for mature mediastinal teratoma, and the operation itself is sometimes complicated or life-threatening, especially when it ruptures into adjacent vital structures. We describe a rare case of unanticipatedly delayed complete resection of a symptomatic teratoma with simultaneous infection, followed by extended rupture into the pleural space, lung, and bronchus. The clinical presentation and the microbiological and radiologic features may lead to the impression of a lung abscess until it can be proven otherwise pathologically after an initial thoracic aspiration. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/rcr2.394
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/rcr2.394DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6277967PMC
February 2019
3 Reads

Percutaneous drainage and management of fluid collections associated with necrotic or cystic tumors in the abdomen and pelvis.

Abdom Radiol (NY) 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Radiology, Louisiana State University Health, Shreveport, LA, USA.

Purpose: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of percutaneous drainage for palliation of symptoms and sepsis in patients with cystic or necrotic tumors in the abdomen and pelvis.

Materials And Methods: This is a single center retrospective study of 36 patients (18 men, mean age = 51.1 years) who underwent percutaneous drainage for management of cystic or necrotic tumors in the non-postoperative setting over an 11-year period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00261-018-1854-zDOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads

Post-resection complications: abscesses, empyemas, bronchopleural fistulas.

J Thorac Dis 2018 Oct;10(Suppl 28):S3408-S3418

Department of Surgery, Division of Thoracic Surgery, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA.

The role of thoracic surgeons in the management of pulmonary infection has evolved over time as the medical treatments have improved. We herein review historical and current management for surgically-treated pulmonary infections-lung abscesses, empyemas, and bronchopleural fistulas. In particular, we review when the surgeons need to be involved for infectious cases, our algorithm/approach to empyemas, and summary of post-operative bronchopleural fistula in tuberculosis cases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/jtd.2018.08.48DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6218366PMC
October 2018
4 Reads

Bronchiectasis after bronchial thermoplasty.

J Thorac Dis 2018 Oct;10(10):E721-E726

Guangzhou Institute of Respiratory Health, State Key Laboratory of Respiratory Disease, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou 510120, China.

Bronchial thermoplasty (BT) is used in the treatment of severe refractory asthma. It has been found to be beneficial to long-term improvements in the rate of asthma exacerbation, quality of life questionnaire answers (AQLQ), hospitalization, and emergency room visits. Atelectasis and lung abscess as direct complication of BT, but not bronchiectasis, have been reported previously. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/jtd.2018.09.116DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6236163PMC
October 2018

[Treatment of tuberculosis of lumbar spine in elderly patients with percataneous endoscopic focal cleaning and drainage combined with posterior internal fixation].

Zhongguo Gu Shang 2018 Nov;31(11):987-992

Department of Orthopaedics, Hangzhou Red Cross Hospital, Hangzhou, 310003, Zhejiang, China.

Objective: To explore the clinical effects and advantages of percataneous endoscopic focal cleaning and drainage combined with posterior internal fixation in the treatment of tuberculosis of lumbar spine in elderly.

Methods: The clinical data of 32 patients with tuberculosis of lumbar spine received percataneous endoscopic focal cleaning and drainage combined with posterior internal fixation from May 2013 to May 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 13 males and 19 females, aged from 62 to 85 years old with an average of 75 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3969/j.issn.1003-0034.2018.11.002DOI Listing
November 2018
8 Reads

Rapid Progression of Metastatic Panspinal Epidural Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer After Discontinuation of Alectinib.

World Neurosurg 2019 Feb 24;122:590-592. Epub 2018 Nov 24.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA.

Background: Rapid progression of metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) after discontinuation of tyrosine kinase inhibitors or anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) inhibitors has been described and is associated with a poor prognosis. We describe the first reported case of accelerated NSCLC tumor extension throughout the entire spinal epidural space.

Case Description: A 68-year-old woman with stage IV ALK-positive metastatic NSCLC presented with acute neck pain, urinary retention, and lower extremity weakness 15 days post discontinuation of alectinib. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750183266
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.11.118DOI Listing
February 2019
13 Reads

A Novel Role for the Klebsiella pneumoniae Sap (Sensitivity to Antimicrobial Peptides) Transporter in Intestinal Cell Interactions, Innate Immune Responses, Liver Abscess, and Virulence.

J Infect Dis 2018 Nov 23. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Department of Microbiology, National Taiwan University College of Medicine.

Klebsiella pneumoniae is an important human pathogen causing hospital-acquired and community-acquired infections. Systemic K. pneumoniae infections may be preceded by gastrointestinal colonization, but the basis of this bacterium's interaction with the intestinal epithelium remains unclear. Read More

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http://fdslive.oup.com/www.oup.com/pdf/production_in_progres
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/infdis/jiy615DOI Listing
November 2018
8 Reads

Persistent Fistula After Anorectal Abscess Drainage: Local Experience of 11 Years.

Dis Colon Rectum 2019 Mar;62(3):327-332

Fistula Research Unit, St. Mark's Hospital and Academic Institute, Harrow, Middlesex, United Kingdom.

Background: The characteristics of patients who develop a fistula-in-ano after an anorectal abscess are unclear.

Objective: Our study explored this relationship and patient factors associated with fistula development.

Design: International Classification of Diseases, 10 Revision, and Classification of Interventions and Procedures, version 4, codes were used to identify all of the patients with a primary anorectal abscess. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/DCR.0000000000001271DOI Listing
March 2019
20 Reads

[Twenty years later… A story of intra-thoracic textiloma].

Rev Mal Respir 2018 Nov 13. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Service de pneumologie, hôpital Larrey, CHU de Toulouse, 31000 Toulouse, France.

Introduction: Intrathoracic textiloma is a rare complication possibly leading to misdiagnosis. It could present as haemoptysis, lung abscess, pseudo-tumour or a chronic cough.

Case Report: A 65-year-old patient with a history of multiple cardiac problems and needing long-term anticoagulation, complained since 2007 of recurrent haemoptysis of increasing abundance, the etiological investigation of which was negative. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S07618425183033
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rmr.2018.04.009DOI Listing
November 2018
8 Reads

Report of Massive Bleed after Chest-drain Insertion in a Case of Job's (hyper-IgE) Syndrome.

J Indian Assoc Pediatr Surg 2018 Oct-Dec;23(4):225-227

Department of Pediatric Surgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Chest-drain insertion is considered to be a benign procedure. A 6-year-old girl who is a known case of hyper-IgE/Job's syndrome presented to us following three episodes of fresh bleed following chest-drain insertion for the left lung abscess. The site of bleed was localized to be the ruptured pseudoaneurysm of the anterior segmental branch of the left pulmonary artery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jiaps.JIAPS_72_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6182952PMC
November 2018
11 Reads

A case report of brain abscess caused by in a diabetic patient.

JMM Case Rep 2018 Sep 10;5(9):e005133. Epub 2018 Jan 10.

Department of Microbiology, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Introduction: are Gram-positive partially acid-fast bacilli capable of inducing a wide range of infections in patients with immunodeficiency, AIDS, cancer, lupus erythematous and diabetes. was first isolated in 2001 from a patient with chronic bronchitis. Since then, there have been reports on the clinical significance of this organism in patients with bronchitis, brain abscess and lung diseases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1099/jmmcr.0.005133DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6230754PMC
September 2018
3 Reads

Genotyping of in Formalin-Fixed Paraffin-Embedded Tissues and Serum Samples From Patients With Invasive Aspergillosis.

Front Cell Infect Microbiol 2018 23;8:377. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

Department of Medical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Canisius Wilhelmina Hospital, Nijmegen, Netherlands.

Invasive aspergillosis (IA) is a deep tissue infection with a high mortality occurring mostly in immunocompromised patients. To investigate the pathology of patients with IA it may be important to determine the genotype of the invasive isolate of , however available tissues for study are often formalin fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE). Although DNA has been successfully isolated from such tissues for species identification, genotyping of species on such tissues has not yet been performed. Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fcimb.2018.00377
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fcimb.2018.00377DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6206585PMC
October 2018
16 Reads

The microbiome in the lower respiratory tract.

Respir Investig 2018 Nov 24;56(6):432-439. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Unit of Translational Medicine, Nagasaki University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Nagasaki City, Nagasaki, Japan. Electronic address:

With the advent of new technologies evaluating the microbiome in the sample such as next-generation sequencer (NGS), current increase of an interest in understanding of the lung microbiome and its roles in lung diseases are marked. Gathering the data of bacterial flora in the lung and their changes during disease courses is unraveling the pathogenesis and the mechanism of disease progression particularly in patients with bronchial asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and infectious lung diseases. To clarify the relationship between the lung microbiome and pulmonary diseases, new information may help us to create new treatment and prevention strategies of some pulmonary diseases by controlling the lung microbiome. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S22125345183023
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.resinv.2018.08.003DOI Listing
November 2018
11 Reads

Intracranial Actinomycosis Manifesting as a Parenchymal Mass Lesion: A Case Report and Review of Literature.

World Neurosurg 2019 Feb 1;122:190-194. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Department of Neuropathology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bengaluru, India.

Background: Intracranial actinomycosis is a rare bacterial infection with no characteristic clinical or radiologic diagnostic features. The usual presentation is similar to pyogenic brain abscess or osteomyelitis with or without pachymeningitis. Intracranial actinomycosis rarely manifests as a parenchymal mass lesion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.10.134DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads
2.420 Impact Factor

Odontogenic deep neck space infection in a patient with hyper-IgE syndrome: A case report.

J Clin Exp Dent 2018 Oct 1;10(10):e1049-e1053. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

DDS, DMSc, Professor and Chair, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Nara Medical University, Nara, Japan.

Hyperimmunoglobulin E syndrome is a primary immunodeficiency state that is characterized by eczema, recurrent skin and lung infections, and markedly increased levels of IgE. Odontogenic infection can spread to vital and deep structures in such immunocompromised patients. We report a case of a 19-year-old man with hyperimmunoglobulin E syndrome presenting deep neck space infection that had spread from periapical periodontitis of the lower molars. Read More

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http://www.medicinaoral.com/medoralfree01/aop/55239.pdf
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4317/jced.55239DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6203909PMC
October 2018
11 Reads

Identification of Moraxella lacunata from pulmonary abscesses in three zoo herbivores.

J Vet Med Sci 2018 Dec 29;80(12):1914-1917. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

College of Veterinary Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 41566, Korea.

Although Moraxella lacunata causes conjunctivitis, keratitis, endocarditis, and otolaryngitis in humans, its infection is rare in animals. We report three cases of asymptomatic pulmonary abscesses caused by M. lacunata in zoo herbivores, including two elks (Cervus canadensis) and a common eland (Taurotragus oryx). Read More

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https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/jvms/advpub/0/advpub_18
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1292/jvms.18-0455DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6305504PMC
December 2018
9 Reads

A Case of Echinococcal Cyst of the Lung.

Respir Med Case Rep 2018 10;25:286-292. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Surat Municipal Institute of Medical Education and Research, Surat, Gujarat, India.

Echinococcosis, also known as Hydatid disease, is caused by the larvae of the tapeworm Echinococcus. It is globally prevalent and is a major clinical health concern. It is endemic in most underdeveloped regions including Asia, the Mediterranean, South America and Africa. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S22130071183020
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rmcr.2018.10.007DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6197673PMC
October 2018
17 Reads

Clinical, Radiological and Bacteriological Profile of Lung Abscess - An Observational Hospital Based Study.

Open Access Maced J Med Sci 2018 Sep 23;6(9):1642-1646. Epub 2018 Sep 23.

Department of Pulmonary Medicine, JIPMER, Pondicherry, India.

Background: The incidence of lung abscess acquired in the community is unknown, but this is a common clinical problem encountered in developing countries. The incidence of lung abscess was high in the pre-antibiotic era but the advent of susceptible antibiotics it has reduced with an equal fall in mortality to 8.7%. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2018.374DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6182528PMC
September 2018
3 Reads

[Non-Elective Thoracic Surgery in Patients with Respiratory Insufficiency During Support with Veno-Venous Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation].

Zentralbl Chir 2018 Oct 15. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

Abteilung für Thoraxchirurgie, Universitätsklinikum Regensburg, Regensburg.

Introduction: Patients with severe respiratory failure and veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (vv-ECMO) often require diagnostic or therapeutic thoracic surgery.

Methods: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data (Regensburg ECMO Registry) on all patients requiring vv-ECMO between December 2010 and December 2016 due to acute lung failure (ALF) with diagnostic or therapeutic thoracic surgery. Endpoints were the indications for thoracic surgery as well as postoperative morbidity and in-hospital mortality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0721-1983DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

Liver Abscess.

Authors:
Jae Bum Jun

Infect Chemother 2018 Sep;50(3):210-218

Department of Internal Medicine, Ulsan University Hospital, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Ulsan, Korea.

Since the mid 1980s, the prevalence of liver abscess caused by hypervirulent strain has increased in Asia, particularly in Taiwan and Korea. This strain is mostly K1 or K2 serotype, and has hypercapsular and hypermucoid phenotypes. Most infections are community acquired, and patients rarely have a hepatobiliary disease prior to infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3947/ic.2018.50.3.210DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6167513PMC
September 2018
2 Reads

Pulmonary Campylobacter concisus infection in an immunocompromised patient with underlying mucormycosis.

Int J Infect Dis 2018 Nov 8;76:45-47. Epub 2018 Sep 8.

Institute of Medical Microbiology and Hygiene, University Hospital of Ulm, Albert-Einstein-Allee 23, D-89081 Ulm, Germany.

Campylobacter concisus is a rarely encountered agent of human infection. The first isolation of C. concisus from a pulmonary abscess in an immunocompromised patient who underwent allogeneic stem cell transplantation is reported here. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2018.08.021DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads

Surgery for Active Infective Endocarditis of the Aortic Valve With Infection Extending Beyond the Leaflets.

Heart Lung Circ 2018 Jun 20. Epub 2018 Jun 20.

Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium. Electronic address:

Background: The optimal aortic substitute in extensive aortic valve active infective endocarditis (AIE) continues to be debated. To determine the surgical approach in aortic valve AIE with infection extension beyond the leaflets, we evaluated the outcome of reconstructive surgery with various valve substitutes in those patients.

Methods: During 2000-2013, 168 patients had surgery for extensive aortic valve AIE. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.hlc.2018.05.200DOI Listing
June 2018
4 Reads

Video-assisted thoracoscopic left upper lobectomy and broncho-and-angioplasty for a giant central lung cancer complicated with intratumoral abscess: one case report.

J Thorac Dis 2018 Jul;10(7):4484-4486

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Henan Provincial People's Hospital, Zhengzhou 450003, China.

A 70-year-old male patient with chest pain and high fever was diagnosed as lung squamous carcinoma T4N0M0 in the left upper lobe complicated with intratumoral lung abscess. With no improvement resulted from antibiotic treatment for 4 days, to control his infection and resect his large tumor, he received video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) left upper lung lobe resection and broncho-and angioplasty. Two-port technique was employed and the utility port was 10 cm long because the tumor's diameter (max) was 12 cm. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/jtd.2018.03.20DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6106039PMC
July 2018
11 Reads

Burkholderia pseudomallei infection presenting with a lung abscess and osteomyelitis in an adult man: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Aug;97(35):e12145

Department of Clinical Laboratory.

Rationale: The frequency of infections caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei is increasing worldwide. Here, we report a case of B pseudomallei infection presenting with a lung abscess and osteomyelitis in an adult man.

Patient Concerns: A 38-year-old man presented with high-grade fever, productive cough, and chronic joint pain of the limbs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000012145DOI Listing
August 2018
2 Reads

[Esophageal bronchial fistula secondary to esophageal diverticulum: A case report and literature review].

Authors:
C Y Zuo Z J Xu

Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi 2018 Aug;41(8):622-627

Department of Respiratory Disease, Third Hospital of Xiamen, Xiamen 361100, China.

To investigate the clinical characteristics and causes of misdiagnosis of esophageal bronchial fistula secondary to esophageal diverticulum. A case of esophageal bronchial fistula secondary to esophageal diverticulum was described with regard to its diagnosis and treatment process. A systematic literature review was performed for similar published cases in Wanfang, CNKI and Pubmed databases, using the key words "esophageal diverticulum, esophageal bronchial fistula" from January 1946 to August 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1001-0939.2018.08.010DOI Listing
August 2018
3 Reads

Colobronchial fistula: a rare cause of non-resolving pneumonia in Crohn's disease.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Aug 20;2018. Epub 2018 Aug 20.

Department of Pulmonology, University Hospital of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

We discuss the case of a 44-year-old man with a refractory left lower lobe pneumonia progressing to a pulmonary abscess caused by a colobronchial fistula, a rare complication of underlying Crohn's disease. The patient presented with weight loss and signs of a pulmonary consolidation, which responded incompletely to the targeted antibiotic treatment. The causative colobronchial fistula was demonstrated by CT-guided puncture and retrograde injection of contrast medium. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-224408DOI Listing
August 2018
14 Reads