7,715 results match your criteria Lung Abscess


Safety and efficacy of thermal ablation for subpleural lung cancers.

Thorac Cancer 2019 Apr 25. Epub 2019 Apr 25.

Minimally Invasive Interventional Center, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Medicine, Guangzhou, China.

Background: The study was conducted to assess the safety and efficacy of thermal ablation for the treatment of subpleural lung cancer.

Methods: Eighty-nine patients with 101 subpleural lung cancers were identified between January 2012 and July 2018 in our database and included in this study. Tumors were classified as adhering to cervical, costal, diaphragmatic, and mediastinal pleurae. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1759-7714.13068DOI Listing

A left lung abscess with a displaced subsegmental bronchus and anomalous pulmonary artery and vein: a case report.

Surg Case Rep 2019 Apr 23;5(1):66. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

Department of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan.

Background: Since a displaced bronchus related to the left upper lobe is an uncommon anatomical anomaly, it has a risk of being accidentally resected during left upper lobe resection unless they are identified preoperatively. A case of video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) segmentectomy that was safely performed under preoperative identification of a displaced subsegmental bronchus and anomalous pulmonary vessels is presented.

Case Presentation: A 48-year-old woman visited our hospital because of an abnormal shadow on a radiograph on a health check. Read More

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https://surgicalcasereports.springeropen.com/articles/10.118
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40792-019-0627-4DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

[FOUR CASES OF THE PROSTATIC ABSCESS IN WHICH DRAINAGE WAS EFFECTIVE].

Nihon Hinyokika Gakkai Zasshi 2018 ;109(2):122-126

Department of Urology, Graduate School of Medicine and Pharmaceutical Sciences for Research, University of Toyama.

We encountered four prostatic abscess patients. Although antimicrobial therapies were ineffective, drainage was effective in all cases. Patient 1 had lung cancer and diabetes mellitus (DM), and patient 2 developed acute prostatitis after transrectal prostatic biopsy. Read More

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https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/jpnjurol/109/2/109_122/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5980/jpnjurol.109.122DOI Listing
January 2018
1 Read

Delayed diagnosis of right-sided valve endocarditis causing recurrent pulmonary abscesses: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2019 Apr 19;13(1):97. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Gosford Hospital, Holden Street, Gosford, NSW, 2250, Australia.

Background: Pulmonary valve infective endocarditis is a rare diagnosis that is usually associated with immunocompromised states or structurally abnormal hearts. It is unusual for it to occur in structurally normal hearts or to cause recurrent symptoms after targeted antibiotics. Although guidelines suggest follow-up with repeat echocardiography and inflammatory marker surveillance, this case demonstrates that these are not always useful investigations, and instead imaging of the chest may be more appropriate. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-019-2034-7DOI Listing

Actinomycosis of the breast and lungs.

Proc (Bayl Univ Med Cent) 2019 Jan 24;32(1):65-66. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Department of Graphic Communications, McGovern Medical School, UT HealthHoustonTexas.

Actinomycosis is a chronic, progressive, and often relapsing granulomatous infection that characteristically crosses tissue planes and forms abscesses and sinus tracts. We report a unique case of a woman with actinomycosis presenting with a breast abscess, a sinus tract spontaneously exiting the sternum, and miliary lung lesions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08998280.2018.1540251DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6442864PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

A 53-Year-Old Man Presenting With Diplopia and Cavitary Lung Nodules.

Chest 2019 Apr;155(4):e107-e112

Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore.

Case Presentation: A 53-year-old Chinese man presented with 1 week of worsening diplopia and left-sided facial droop. His symptoms developed during a readmission for elective drainage and curettage of a perianal abscess that recurred despite drainage 2 weeks before. He denied having other neurologic symptoms, and did not report any cough, sputum production, night sweats, or fever. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00123692183260
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chest.2018.10.021DOI Listing
April 2019
4 Reads
7.483 Impact Factor

Pulmonary lesions in slaughtered sheepin Western Iran: gross and histopathological findings.

Vet Ital 2019 Mar 31;55(1):47-56. Epub 2019 Mar 31.

Department of Pathology, School of Veterinary Medicine, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran

This study was conducted with the objective of identifying the types of gross and histopathological lesions in lungs of sheep slaughtered between March 2013 to February 2014 at Kermanshah abattoir, west of Iran. A total of 1200 slaughtered sheep lungs was inspected during the study period. Pulmonary lesions were detected in 445 (37. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12834/VetIt.785.3795.3DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

[The 469th case: multiple cutaneous abscesses, pelvic mass, and lung cavities].

Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi 2019 Apr;58(4):333-336

Department of Rheumatology and Clinical Immunology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Peking Union Medical College, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing 100730, China.

A 28-year-old woman with multiple abscesses for 2 month and fever for 1 month was admitted in Peking Union Medical College Hospital. The skin abscesses gradually developed at skull, face, abdominal wall and pelvis. Laboratory examinations related to inflammatory reactions were strongly high including erythrocyte sedimentation rate 99 mm/1 h,C-reactive protein160. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0578-1426.2019.04.021DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Giant lung cysts following necrotizing pneumonia: Resolution with conservative treatment.

Pediatr Pulmonol 2019 Mar 21. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Departments of Paediatrics, Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Centre, Jerusalem, Israel.

Rationale: Necrotizing pneumonia is characterized by destruction and liquefaction of the lung tissue and loss of the normal pulmonary parenchymal architecture. During the course of resolution areas of hyperlucency are formed, sometimes with the development of giant lung cysts that can be a field with fluid resembling lung abscess. There is no consensus on the management of these abnormalities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ppul.24321DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Bifocal pulmonary abscess in an infant and successful surgical management.

Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann 2019 Mar 20:218492319839580. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

1 Department of Pediatric Surgery, Hedi Chaker Sfax, Tunisia.

Lung abscess is uncommon in children. We report the case of a 6-month-old boy with pulmonary abscesses affecting more than one lobe with bronchial fistulas, which were refractory to medical treatment. We describe the surgical management and outcome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0218492319839580DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Unusual presentation of late-onset disseminated staphylococcal sepsis in a preterm infant.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Mar 15;12(3). Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, St Mary's Hospital, Manchester, UK.

An ex-30-week gestation, preterm male baby was admitted to a tertiary neonatal unit and noted to have increased ventilator requirements and diagnosed with sepsis. The baby also developed an abscess over the left elbow and over the xiphisternum along with a decrease in movement of the left hand and the right leg. Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL)-producing (SA) was isolated from the blood culture. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-226325DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Expected and Unexpected Imaging Findings after Y Transarterial Radioembolization for Liver Tumors.

Radiographics 2019 Mar-Apr;39(2):578-595

From the Departments of Radiology (J.C.S., A.P., O.P., M.Q., R.G.M.) and Nuclear Medicine (I.H.), Hospital Italiano, Tte Gral Juan Domingo Perón 4230, C1199ABH CABA, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Transarterial radioembolization (TARE), also called radioembolization or selective internal radiation therapy, is an interventional radiology technique used to treat primary liver tumors and liver metastases. The aim of this therapy is to deliver tumoricidal doses of radiation to liver tumors while selecting a safe radiation dose limit for nontumoral liver and lung tissue. Hence, correct treatment planning is essential to obtaining good results. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1148/rg.2019180095DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

A Large Epiphrenic Esophageal Diverticulum Communicating with the Left Lower Lobe.

Korean J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2019 Feb 5;52(1):40-43. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine.

Epiphrenic diverticula are known to cause a series of complications. We report the case of a 54-year-old woman who was diagnosed with an epiphrenic diverticulum at a regular checkup in November 2006. Ten years later, she presented with massive hematemesis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5090/kjtcs.2019.52.1.40DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6383851PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Nocardia infections in solid organ transplantation: Guidelines from the Infectious Diseases Community of Practice of the American Society of Transplantation.

Clin Transplant 2019 Feb 28:e13509. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Loyola University Stritch School of Medicine, Maywood, Illinois.

These updated guidelines from the Infectious Diseases Community of Practice of the American Society of Transplantation review the diagnosis, prevention, and management of Nocardia infections after solid organ transplantation (SOT). Nocardia infections have increased in the last two decades, likely due to improved detection and identification methods and an expanding immunocompromised population. The risk of developing nocardiosis after transplantation varies with the type of organ transplanted and the immunosuppression regimen used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ctr.13509DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Invasive Aspergillosis After Kidney Transplant-Treatment Approach.

Med Arch 2018 Dec;72(6):456-458

Department of Nephrology, University Clinical Center Tuzla, Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Aim: Aim of the article was to present a case of post transplantation invasive aspergillosis, successfully treated with conservative and surgical treatment.

Case Report: Patient, male, 44 years old, with second kidney transplant, required special preparation therapy, because he was sensitized, with concentration of Panel Reactive Antibody (PRA) class I 11% and PRA class II 76%. On the day of transplantation, induction was done with - ( and glucocorticosteroids. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5455/medarh.2018.72.456-458DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6340611PMC
December 2018
7 Reads

Tricuspid valve infective endocarditis complicated with multiple lung abscesses and thoracic empyema as different pathogens: a case report.

J Cardiothorac Surg 2019 Feb 26;14(1):41. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Division of general thoracic surgery, department of Surgery, Changhua Christian Hospital, No. 135 Nanxiao St., Changhua City, Changhua County, 500, Taiwan.

Background: Only 4.1% of tricuspid valve IE cases require surgical intervention. The complication after tricuspid valve IE with lung abscess and empyema is rare. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13019-019-0867-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6390298PMC
February 2019
1 Read

[Tuberculosis Abscess of the Chest Wall on an Immunocompetent Patient in the Teaching Hospital of Dakar (Senegal)].

Bull Soc Pathol Exot 2018 ;111(3):152-155

Service des maladies infectieuses Ibrahima-Diop-Mar centre hospitalier universitaire de Dakar, Sénégal.

Tuberculosis remains a problem of public health, in spite of the numerous significant advances noted in the diagnosis in recent years. The involvement of the thoracic wall is a rare extra lung shape. Its clinical presentation is not specific and a collected thoracic tumefaction is the main clinical demonstration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3166/bspe-2018-0033DOI Listing
January 2018
1 Read

Anemia Combined Significantly Increased High-Sensitivity C Reactive Protein and Lung Lesions Lead to the Diagnosis of Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis Proven by Lung Biopsy and Anti-neutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody Test.

Clin Lab 2019 Jan;65(1)

Background: To report an atypical case misdiagnosed as lung abscess over the past 2 months, but persistent anemia combined with significantly increased hs-CRP and lung lesions indicated systemic lesion, which led to the diagnosis of granulomatosis with polyangiitis proven by lung biopsy and anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody test (ANCA).

Methods: The complete blood count, hs-CRP, and anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA) test were performed. The pathology consultation for the lung biopsy was arranged. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7754/Clin.Lab.2018.180733DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads
1.084 Impact Factor

Fusobacterium Septicemia with Liver and Lung Abscesses Due to Diverticulitis.

ACG Case Rep J 2018 19;5:e99. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, Detroit Medical Center/Wayne State University, Detroit, MI.

The species is known for its association with septic thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein (Lemierre's syndrome). Lemierre's syndrome is associated with septic emboli to the liver and lungs, often causing multiple abscesses. We present a unique case of septicemia in which the bacteria invaded the portal vein through the gastrointestinal mucosa due to diverticulitis and spread hematogenously to the liver and lungs, causing abscesses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14309/crj.2018.99DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6358581PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Evaluation of active dried yeast in the diets of feedlot steers. II. Effects on rumen pH and liver health of feedlot steers1.

J Anim Sci 2019 Mar;97(3):1347-1363

Department of Animal Science, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX.

The objective of this trial was to determine the benefits of supplementing active dried yeast (ADY; 3 × 1010 CFU/d of Saccharomyces cerevisiae) in diets of growing and finishing steers on ruminal pH and liver health, and evaluate the relationship of these variables with performance traits. Growing beef steers (n = 120) were blocked by weight (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jas/skz008DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6396254PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Parasitic infections as major cause of abattoir condemnations in cattle slaughtered at an Ethiopian abattoir: 10-year retrospective study.

J Helminthol 2019 Feb 7:1-7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Abattoirs are vital for gathering information on animal diseases and protecting the public from consuming infected or unhygienic meat. To assess the major reasons for organ and carcass condemnations and their financial implications, we reviewed 10-year abattoir records of slaughtered bovines between January 2005 and December 2014 at Kombolcha ELFORA abattoir, north-east Ethiopia. Of the 46,913 cattle slaughtered during that period, 17,963 (38. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022149X1900004XDOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Cladophialophora bantiana brain abscess in lung transplant recipient.

Transpl Infect Dis 2019 04 15;21(2):e13057. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Joseph Ayobabalola University, Ikeji-Arakeji, Nigeria.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/tid.13057DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Acquired reversible Brown syndrome caused by focal abscess of the superior oblique muscle.

J AAPOS 2019 Jan 30. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Department of Ophthalmology, Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.

A 16-year-old boy with a history of relapsed acute myeloid leukemia and a right lower lobe lung abscess confirmed to be Aspergillus presented for a baseline eye examination prior to consideration of bone marrow transplantation. He noted double vision in up-and-left gaze, and his examination was consistent with an acquired right-sided Brown syndrome. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a 4 mm rim-enhancing inflammatory focus in the right superior oblique muscle. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaapos.2018.12.003DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Long-lasting response to afatinib that persisted after treatment discontinuation in a case of -mutated lung adenocarcinoma.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Jan 31;12(1). Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Division of Respirology, Department of Internal Medicine, The Jikei University Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.

It is unknown whether tyrosine kinase inhibitors targeting epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) can be discontinued in patients in whom -mutated lung cancer has well stabilised. We present a case of a 73-year-old Japanese woman with no history of smoking. Right pulmonary lower lobectomy, lymph node dissection and segmental resection of the right middle lobe were performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-227383DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357919PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Disseminated Nocardia asiatica infection in an immunocompromised individual: A rare entity needs careful vigilance.

J Infect Public Health 2019 Mar - Apr;12(2):167-170. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Department of Microbiology, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, India.

Nocardia asteroides complex and Nocardia brasiliensis are common etiological agents of disseminated nocardiosis among immunocompromised individuals. Here we reported an uncommon case of disseminated nocardiosis with the involvement of lung, brain, soft tissue & pancreas by a rarely isolated species Nocardia asiatica in a HIV infected individual. Diagnosis was initially misinterpreted as tuberculosis based on the clinical and radiological findings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jiph.2018.12.008DOI Listing
April 2019
7 Reads

Abscess Formation in Metastatic Brain Tumor with History of Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor: A Case Report.

NMC Case Rep J 2019 Jan 18;6(1):11-15. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Department of Neurosurgery, Institute of Biomedical and Health Sciences, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Hiroshima, Japan.

We present the case of a 68-year-old man with brain metastasis from lung cancer and a history of immune checkpoint inhibitor administration, with overlapping abscess within the metastatic lesion. He initially received antibiotic treatment under a diagnosis of brain abscess because of a hyper-intense area on diffusion-weighted imaging inside the gadolinium-enhanced wall. The size of the enhanced lesion did not change much, but the extent of perifocal edema decreased after antibiotic treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2176/nmccrj.cr.2018-0126DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350031PMC
January 2019
4 Reads

[A Case of Successful Drainage for Mediastinitis during Chemotherapy for Unresectable Advanced Esophageal Cancer].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2018 Dec;45(13):2402-2404

Dept. of Surgery, Kansai Rosai Hospital.

A 78-year-old man complained of dysphagia. Gastrointestinal endoscopy showed a Type 2 tumor in the lower esophagus and a Type 0-Ⅱa lesion in the posterior wall of the upper gastric body. An enhanced CT scan showed several swollen abdominal and cervical lymph nodes as well as bilateral lung multiple nodules, suggesting distant metastasis. Read More

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December 2018
15 Reads

[Two Cases of CT-Guided Radiofrequency Ablation Therapy for Pelvic Recurrence from Rectal Cancer].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2018 Dec;45(13):1794-1796

Division of Lower GI Surgery, Dept. of Surgery, Hyogo College of Medicine.

We experienced 2 cases of pelvic recurrence from rectal cancer. These patients received radiofrequency ablation(RFA) therapy. Case 1 was a 76-year-old man who underwent intersphincteric resection for lower rectal cancer in October 2013. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Disseminated Blastomycosis in a Teenager Presenting with Pleural Effusion and Splenomegaly.

J Emerg Med 2019 Mar 25;56(3):e23-e26. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin; Children's Hospital of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

Background: Blastomycosis is caused by a fungus endemic to states and providences bordering the Lawrence Rivers and the Great Lakes. It can lead to significant pathology in both immunocompetent and immunocompromised hosts. This case report describes disseminated blastomycosis in an otherwise healthy 16-year-old patient. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jemermed.2018.12.035DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Phase 1b/2 Randomized Study of MEDI-575 in Combination With Carboplatin Plus Paclitaxel Versus Carboplatin Plus Paclitaxel Alone in Adult Patients With Previously Untreated Advanced Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer.

Clin Lung Cancer 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Thoracic/Head and Neck Medical Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX. Electronic address:

Introduction: Platinum doublet chemotherapy has represented the standard of care in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer for decades. Targeting platelet-derived growth factor receptors (PDGFR) is a potential mechanism to improve the efficacy of first-line therapy. This randomized phase 1b/2 trial investigated the addition of the anti-PDGFRα monoclonal antibody MEDI-575 to first-line carboplatin/paclitaxel (CP) chemotherapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cllc.2018.11.012DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads

Percutaneous Bronchial Embolization to Treat Intractable Bronchobiliary Fistula.

Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol 2019 May 25;42(5):784-786. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Department of Radiology, Center for Liver Cancer, National Cancer Center, 323 Ilsan-ro, Ilsandong-gu, Goyang-si, Gyeonggi-do, 10408, Republic of Korea.

Sixty-four-year-old female who underwent hemi-hepatectomy for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma a year ago presented with biliary sputum, cough and fever. Cross-sectional imaging showed a recurred tumor involving right diaphragmatic area and an abscess formation in liver dome with adjacent right lower lobe of lung. Percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage and percutaneous drainage of lung abscess were performed. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00270-019-02166-0
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00270-019-02166-0DOI Listing
May 2019
7 Reads

Urokinase Attenuates Pulmonary Thromboembolism in an Animal Model by Inhibition of Inflammatory Response.

J Immunol Res 2018 25;2018:6941368. Epub 2018 Dec 25.

Department ICU of the First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang Chinese Medical University, Hangzhou, China.

Inflammatory response is an important determining factor for the mortality of patients with pulmonary thromboembolism. Inflammatory mediators can promote thrombus formation and increase hemodynamic instability. Urokinase is a commonly used drug for the treatment of PTE. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jir/2018/6941368/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/6941368DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6323506PMC
April 2019
12 Reads

lung abscess in an immunocompetent adolescent.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Jan 10;12(1). Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Pediatric Pulmonology Unit, Department of Pediatrics, Centro Hospitalar São João EPE, Porto, Portugal.

The authors report a case of a lung abscess caused by sp. in a previously healthy adolescent. A 17-year-old young man presented with tonsillitis that did not respond to β-lactamic antibiotic, dyspnoea and thoracic pain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-227499DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Echocardiographic findings of cardiovascular involvement in Behçet's disease and post-operative complications after cardiac surgery.

Clin Exp Rheumatol 2018 Nov-Dec;36(6 Suppl 115):103-109. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Echocardiography, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, and Beijing Institute of Heart Lung and Blood Vessel Diseases, Beijing, China.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to analyse the spectrum of echocardiographic findings in patients with cardiovascular involvement in Behçet's disease (BD) and followed up the post-operative complications.

Methods: We enrolled 26 BD patients who underwent first cardiac surgery in Anzhen Hospital, Beijing, China. Medical records and echocardiographic findings were retrospectively analysed. Read More

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March 2019
7 Reads
2.724 Impact Factor

Metachronous Pulmonary Neoplasms in Lung Transplantation-When They Arise in the Donor Lung: A Case Report.

Transplant Proc 2018 Dec 6;50(10):4075-4079. Epub 2018 Sep 6.

Pulmonology Department, Hospital Pedro Hispano, Senhora da Hora, Matosinhos, Portugal.

Lung cancer (LC) is uncommon among lung transplant recipients, being most often described in the native lung of single-lung transplant recipients. Its appearance in the transplanted lung is a very uncommon phenomenon, in which donor and recipient factors appear to be involved. We present a case of 2 distinct metachronous lung neoplasms diagnosed in the transplanted lung of a non-smoker patient with progressive massive silicosis (PMS), who underwent left unipulmonary transplantation at 39 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.transproceed.2018.08.051DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Mild to Moderate Intrapulmonary Shunting in Pediatric Liver Transplantation: Is Screening Necessary?

Transplant Proc 2018 Dec 30;50(10):3496-3500. Epub 2018 May 30.

Organ Transplantation Centre, National Centre for Child Health and Development, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: Despite reported associations between intrapulmonary vascular shunting (IPVS) and morbidity and mortality in pediatric liver transplantation (LT), there are no guidelines for screening.

Objective: To investigate IPVS before and after pediatric LT.

Methods: Retrospective records review of all pediatric LT (n = 370) from 2005 to 2015 at a single institute in Japan. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00411345183073
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.transproceed.2018.05.025DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

[Hypersensitivity pneumonitis and abscess reaction to nontuberculous mycobacteria acquired form jacuzzi aerosol].

Rev Mal Respir 2019 Jan 17;36(1):57-62. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Université François Rabelais, Inserm U1100, faculté de médecine de Tours, 37000 Tours, France.

Introduction: Mycobacterium avium complex can be responsible for a number of different radio-clinical presentations, ranging from invasive infections to hypersensitivity pneumonitis due to repeated inhalation of antigens. The diagnosis of hypersensitivity pneumonitis is clinical, radiological, biological and microbiological.

Case Report: A 61-year-old male developed a hypersensitivity pneumonitis reaction to non-tuberculous mycobacteria, following the repeated use of his own spa, which later evolved into chronic respiratory failure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rmr.2017.10.670DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Primary hepatic leiomyosarcoma presenting as a thick-walled cystic mass resembling a liver abscess: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Dec;97(51):e13861

Department of Radiology, the First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, China.

Rationale: Hepatic leiomyosarcoma is a rare malignant tumor, and in rare instances, its combination with fever may lead to misdiagnosis of liver abscess. In our case, the presence of the tumor was considered by the presence of blood vessels through the observation of hepatic tumor wall.

Patient Concerns: A 38-year-old woman who had been diagnosed with a liver abscess in a local hospital consulted our institution by complaining left upper quadrant pain and fever. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000013861DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6319981PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

An Autopsy Case with Cerebral Hemorrhaging due to disseminated Aspergillosis During Glucocorticoid Therapy for Overlap Syndrome of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus and Systemic Sclerosis.

Intern Med 2019 Apr 18;58(7):1023-1027. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

The First Department of Internal Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Japan.

We encountered a 60-year-old female patient who died of cerebral hemorrhage caused by disseminated aspergillosis during massive steroid therapy for overlap syndrome of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and systemic sclerosis (SSc) and performed autopsy. Histologically, necrotizing vasculitis accompanied by Aspergillus hyphae was noted in the arterial wall of the region with cerebral hemorrhage and an abscess containing Aspergillus clumps was present in the lung, therefor we considered the cerebral hemorrhage caused by disseminated aspergillosis. For immunocompromised patients, it is desirable to perform treatment taking the possibility of deep mycosis into consideration, and when it is suspected, early therapeutic intervention may be useful. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2169/internalmedicine.1226-18DOI Listing
April 2019
4 Reads

Diffuse large B cell lymphoma with superimposed lung abscess: potential role for intracavitary fibrinolytic therapy through a percutaneous drain to facilitate lung abscess drainage.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Nov 28;11(1). Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Pulmonary and Critical Care, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA.

This is a case of primary pulmonary lymphoma presenting concurrently with superimposed lung abscess, managed with the assistance of intracavitary fibrinolytic therapy. A 28-year-old man presented with 2 months of persistent cough. He had a large lung abscess involving almost the entire right upper lobe. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-225670DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

A Rare Case of Neutrophil-Rich, ALK-Negative Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma in the Lung Mimicking a Pulmonary Abscess on 18F-FDG PET/CT.

Clin Nucl Med 2019 Mar;44(3):234-237

From the PET Center, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China.

A 21-year-old man complained of cough, fever, and hemoptysis for 15 days. Peripheral neutrophil cell (33.8 × 10/L) was markedly increased, and a mass in the left lung was detected by chest radiography. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/RLU.0000000000002419DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Nondiagnostic Percutaneous Transthoracic Needle Biopsy of Lung Lesions: A Multicenter Study of Malignancy Risk.

Radiology 2019 Mar 18;290(3):814-823. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

From the Department of Radiology, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Gyeonggi-do, South Korea (K.H.L.); Department of Radiology, National Cancer Center, Gyeonggi-do, South Korea (K.Y.L.); Department of Radiology, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea (Y.J.S., J.H.); Research Institute of Radiological Science, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea (J.H.); Department of Radiology, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, South Korea (D.H.H.); Department of Radiology, Inje University Sanggyepaik Hospital, Seoul, South Korea (M.J.K.); Department of Radiology, Korea University Ansan Hospital, Korea University College of Medicine, Gyeonggi-do, South Korea (J.Y.C., C.K.); Department of Radiology, Kyung Hee University Hospital at Gangdong, College of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, South Korea (J.I.K.); Department of Radiology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea (S.H.Y., C.M.P.); Department of Statistics, Inha University, Incheon, South Korea (W.L.); and Institute of Radiation Medicine, Seoul National University Medical Research Center, 101 Daehak-ro, Jongno-gu, Seoul 03080, South Korea (C.M.P.).

Purpose To evaluate the malignancy risk of lung lesions that show nondiagnostic results at transthoracic needle biopsy (PTNB) of the lung and to identify any malignancy-associated risk factors in each nondiagnostic category. Materials and Methods In this retrospective study, 9384 initial PTNBs (9239 patients [mean age, 65 years; age range, 20-99 years] consisting of 5729 men [mean age, 66 years; age range, 20-99 years] and 3510 women [mean age, 63 years; age range, 20-94 years]) were performed in eight institutions between January 2010 and December 2014. PTNB results were categorized as diagnostic (malignant or specifically benign) or nondiagnostic (nonspecific benign pathologic findings, atypical cells, or insufficient specimen), and the proportion of final malignant diagnoses per nondiagnostic category was obtained. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1148/radiol.2018181482DOI Listing
March 2019
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Intensive care unit-acquired complicated necrotizing pneumonia caused by : A case report.

Intractable Rare Dis Res 2018 Nov;7(4):283-286

Department of Clinical Laboratory, Tainan Municipal Hospital (Managed by Show Chwan Medical Care Corporation), Tainan, Taiwan.

A 58-year-old man with a history of diabetes mellitus and end-stage renal disease acquired pneumonia with acute respiratory failure during his stay in an intensive care unit (ICU). Empirical antimicrobial therapy with ceftazidime and vancomycin was initiated, and imipenem replaced ceftazidime 2 days later due to the patients pulmonary condition failed to improve. However, within 5 days, pulmonary consolidation rapidly progressed to necrotizing pneumonia complicated by lung abscess, empyema, pyopneumothorax, and tension pneumothorax, leading to the patient's death. Read More

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https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/irdr/7/4/7_2018.01116/_
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5582/irdr.2018.01116DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6290836PMC
November 2018
6 Reads

Cardiac tamponade after radiofrequency ablation for hepatocellular carcinoma: Case report and literature review.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Dec;97(49):e13532

Department of Internal Medicine, Chonnam National University Medical School.

Rationale: Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is a safe and effective local treatment modality with a low complication rate and is commonly used to treat hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The clinical outcome of RFA may be closely related to the location, size, and shape of index tumors, and major complications, including hemorrhage, liver abscess, infarction, visceral organ perforation, hemothorax, pneumothorax, tumoral seeding, and hepatic failure. Cardiac tamponade is a rare and serious life-threatening complication associated with RFA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000013532DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6310525PMC
December 2018
14 Reads

Multi-systemic melioidosis: a clinical, neurological, and radiological case study from Hainan Province, China.

BMC Infect Dis 2018 Dec 12;18(1):649. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Radiology, Hainan General Hospital, No. 19 Xiuhua Road, Xiuying District, Haikou, 570311, Hainan, People's Republic of China.

Background: Melioidosis is a tropical disease caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei (B. pseudomallei). It can infect any organ system and lead to multiple abscesses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-018-3569-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6291948PMC
December 2018

A symptomatic anterior mediastinal mass with a simultaneous infection.

Respirol Case Rep 2019 Feb 4;7(2):e00394. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Division of Thoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery Taipei Veterans General Hospital Taipei Taiwan.

Surgical resection remains the treatment of choice for mature mediastinal teratoma, and the operation itself is sometimes complicated or life-threatening, especially when it ruptures into adjacent vital structures. We describe a rare case of unanticipatedly delayed complete resection of a symptomatic teratoma with simultaneous infection, followed by extended rupture into the pleural space, lung, and bronchus. The clinical presentation and the microbiological and radiologic features may lead to the impression of a lung abscess until it can be proven otherwise pathologically after an initial thoracic aspiration. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/rcr2.394
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/rcr2.394DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6277967PMC
February 2019
4 Reads

Percutaneous drainage and management of fluid collections associated with necrotic or cystic tumors in the abdomen and pelvis.

Abdom Radiol (NY) 2019 Apr;44(4):1562-1566

Department of Radiology, Louisiana State University Health, Shreveport, LA, USA.

Purpose: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of percutaneous drainage for palliation of symptoms and sepsis in patients with cystic or necrotic tumors in the abdomen and pelvis.

Materials And Methods: This is a single center retrospective study of 36 patients (18 men, mean age = 51.1 years) who underwent percutaneous drainage for management of cystic or necrotic tumors in the non-postoperative setting over an 11-year period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00261-018-1854-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6440818PMC
April 2019
5 Reads

Post-resection complications: abscesses, empyemas, bronchopleural fistulas.

J Thorac Dis 2018 Oct;10(Suppl 28):S3408-S3418

Department of Surgery, Division of Thoracic Surgery, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA.

The role of thoracic surgeons in the management of pulmonary infection has evolved over time as the medical treatments have improved. We herein review historical and current management for surgically-treated pulmonary infections-lung abscesses, empyemas, and bronchopleural fistulas. In particular, we review when the surgeons need to be involved for infectious cases, our algorithm/approach to empyemas, and summary of post-operative bronchopleural fistula in tuberculosis cases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/jtd.2018.08.48DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6218366PMC
October 2018
5 Reads

Bronchiectasis after bronchial thermoplasty.

J Thorac Dis 2018 Oct;10(10):E721-E726

Guangzhou Institute of Respiratory Health, State Key Laboratory of Respiratory Disease, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou 510120, China.

Bronchial thermoplasty (BT) is used in the treatment of severe refractory asthma. It has been found to be beneficial to long-term improvements in the rate of asthma exacerbation, quality of life questionnaire answers (AQLQ), hospitalization, and emergency room visits. Atelectasis and lung abscess as direct complication of BT, but not bronchiectasis, have been reported previously. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/jtd.2018.09.116DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6236163PMC
October 2018