3,890 results match your criteria Lumbar Spondylolysis and Spondylolisthesis

Mobility-Maintaining Facet Arthroplasty of the Lumbar Spine With the Second-Generation TOPS System: A Case Series.

Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) 2022 Jul 20;23(1):14-21. Epub 2022 Apr 20.

Arbeitsgemeinschaft Freier Wirbelsäulenchirurgen, Vienna, Austria.

Background: Lumbar spinal stenosis results from spinal canal narrowing and can lead to pain and dysfunction. Until recently, surgical treatment for lumbar spinal stenosis requiring an extensive decompression, with or without spondylolisthesis, had to balance pain relief with the long-term risks of spinal instability after decompression and adjacent segment disease (ASD) after spinal fusion. Spinal motion-preserving devices aim to reduce the incidence of ASD after posterolateral fusion and consequent need for revision surgery. Read More

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Incidence and risk factors of spinal cord stimulation for persistent or recurrent pain after lumbar spine surgery: a population-based study.

Acta Neurochir (Wien) 2022 Jun 17. Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland.

Purpose: This study aims to elucidate the incidence of and independent risk factors for spinal cord stimulator implantations for patients who underwent lumbar spine surgery.

Methods: The PERFormance, Effectiveness, and Cost of Treatment (PERFECT) episodes database, which was established for selected diseases and procedures in Finland, includes all patients who underwent lumbar spine surgery for degenerative spine conditions or spinal cord stimulation (SCS) in Finland from 1986 to 2018. The data on age, sex, hospital diagnoses, surgical procedures, and causes of death were imported from the Finnish national registers into the PERFECT database. Read More

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[Comparative study of microscope assisted minimally invasive anterior fusion and mobile microendoscopic discectomy assisted fusion for lumbar degenerative diseases].

Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi 2022 Jun;36(6):672-680

Department of Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery, Tianjin Hospital, Tianjin, 300211, P. R. China.

Objective: To investigate the effectiveness of microscope assisted anterior lumbar discectomy and fusion (ALDF) and mobile microendoscopic discectomy assisted lumbar interbody fusion (MMED-LIF) for lumbar degenerative diseases.

Methods: A clinical data of 163 patients with lumbar degenerative diseases who met the criteria between January 2018 and December 2020 was retrospectively analyzed. Fifty-three cases were treated with microscope assisted ALDF (ALDF group) and 110 cases with MMED-LIF (MMED-LIF group). Read More

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[Clinical study on real-time three-dimensional CT navigation-guided full-endoscopic lumbar interbody fusion].

Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi 2022 Jun;36(6):665-671

Department of Spine Surgery, the Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou Guangdong, 510630, P. R. China.

Objective: To analyze the technical notes, effectiveness, and current issues of real-time three-dimensional CT navigation-guided full-endoscopic lumbar interbody fusion.

Methods: Between April 2020 and October 2021, a total of 27 patients received real-time three-dimensional CT navigation-guided full-endoscopic lumbar interbody fusion. There were 18 males and 9 females with an average age of 63. Read More

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Stability of SF-36 profiles between 2007 and 2016: A study of 27,302 patients surgically treated for lumbar spine diseases.

Health Qual Life Outcomes 2022 Jun 7;20(1):92. Epub 2022 Jun 7.

Faculty of Medicine and Health, University Health Care Research Center, Orebro University, 70182, Orebro, Sweden.

Background: Previous studies have shown that patients with different lumbar spine diseases report different SF-36 profiles, but data on the stability of the SF-36 profiles are limited. The primary aim of the current study was to evaluate the stability of the SF-36 profile for lumbar spine diseases.

Methods: Patients, surgically treated between 2007 and 2016 for three lumbar spine diseases, lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) with degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS), LSS without DS, and lumbar disk herniations (LDH), were identified in the Swedish spine register. Read More

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Lumbar Spine Posttherapeutic Imaging.

Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2022 Jun 2;26(3):314-328. Epub 2022 Jun 2.

Department of Musculoskeletal Radiology, Hôpital Cochin, AP-HP Centre, Université de Paris, Paris, France.

Management of patients after lumbar spine surgery or interventional radiology can be complex, and postoperative imaging patterns are often poorly understood by nonspecialized radiologists. This article focuses on postoperative imaging features of the lumbar spine in five clinical settings (with corresponding interventions): vertebral osteoporotic fractures (percutaneous vertebroplasty and vertebral augmentation), lumbar disk herniation (surgical diskectomy and percutaneous interventional radiology), lumbar spinal stenosis (surgical decompression), lumbar spondylolisthesis (surgical decompression and fusion), and degenerative scoliosis (techniques of osteotomies).For each intervention, we discuss imaging indications, depending if the patient is asymptomatic or if there are suspected complications, describe normal and pathologic imaging features, and present key points. Read More

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Comparison of electromagnetic and optical navigation assisted Endo-TLIF in the treatment of lumbar spondylolisthesis.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2022 Jun 1;23(1):522. Epub 2022 Jun 1.

Department of Spine Surgery, The Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, Qingdao, 266000, Shandong Province, China.

Uniportal full endoscopic posterolateral transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (Endo-TLIF) with percutaneous pedicle screw fixation is a promising, minimally invasive method for the treatment of lumbar spondylolisthesis. However, repeated radiation exposure from X-rays and the steep learning curve remain to be improved. Read More

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Isthmic spondylolisthesis in adults… A review of the current literature.

J Clin Neurosci 2022 Jul 18;101:124-130. Epub 2022 May 18.

Department of Neurosurgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA. Electronic address:

Isthmic spondylolisthesis can be defined as the anterior translation of a vertebral body relative to the one subjacent to it and secondary to an abnormality of the pars interarticularis. Isthmic spondylolisthesis is usually asymptomatic and discovered as an incidental radiographic finding. However, it can be symptomatic due to its biomechanical effects on the adjacent neural structures and patients may present with low back and/or radicular leg pain. Read More

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Comparative Meta-Analysis of the Effects of OLIF and TLIF in Lumbar Spondylolisthesis Central Nerve Injury.

Comput Intell Neurosci 2022 10;2022:6861749. Epub 2022 May 10.

Qilu Hospital of Shandong University, Jinan 250000, Shandong, China.

Objective: The main objective is to explore the efficacy of oblique anterior lumbar fusion (OLIF) and transforaminal lumbar fusion (TLIF) in the treatment of lumbar spondylolisthesis central nerve injury.

Methods: The perioperative indexes, pain score (VAS), Oswestry dysfunction index (ODI), vertebral slip degree, slip angle, intervertebral space height, and quality of life score of the two groups were compared by meta-analysis.

Results: According to the observation indexes, the perioperative indexes of patients in the OLIF group were better than those in the TLIF group, which showed that the effect of OLIF treatment was better than of TLIF. Read More

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Diagnosis of Lumbar Spondylolisthesis Using a Pruned CNN Model.

Comput Math Methods Med 2022 10;2022:2722315. Epub 2022 May 10.

Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Islamic University, Kushtia-7003, Bangladesh.

Convolutional neural network (CNN) models have made tremendous progress in the medical domain in recent years. The application of the CNN model is restricted due to a huge number of redundant and unnecessary parameters. In this paper, the weight and unit pruning strategy are used to reduce the complexity of the CNN model so that it can be used on small devices for the diagnosis of lumbar spondylolisthesis. Read More

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Improved Pain and Quality of Life with Corrected Thoracic and Lumbosacral Spondylolisthesis Subluxations Using CBP: A Case Study and 1-Year Follow-Up.

J Radiol Case Rep 2022 Feb 1;16(2):21-38. Epub 2022 Feb 1.

Institute for Spinal Health & Performance, Cumming, GA, USA.

Objective: Discuss non-surgical spinal rehabilitation for a 27-year-old male with thoracic and lumbosacral spondylolistheses. A selective literature review and discussion are provided.

Clinical Features: A 27-year-old male presented with severe, 8/10 mid and low back pain. Read More

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February 2022

Does minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF) influence functional outcomes and spinopelvic parameters in isthmic spondylolisthesis?

J Orthop Surg Res 2022 May 15;17(1):272. Epub 2022 May 15.

Al-Ahrar Specialist Hospital, 1st Talaat Harb Street from El Salm Street, Beside Sednawey Hospital, Zagazig, Al-Sharkia, 44759, Egypt.

Purpose: We assessed the efficacy of minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF) in patients with low-grade isthmic spondylolisthesis.

Methods: We included 24 symptomatic patients who underwent MIS-TLIF between December 2017 and December 2020. Patients were followed up clinically by the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) for back and VAS for leg pain, as well as radiological radiographs after 6 weeks, 6 months, and at final follow-up (at least 12 months). Read More

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[Development and clinical application of a new transverse process retractor based on computer-aided design and 3D printing technology].

Zhongguo Gu Shang 2022 May;35(5):454-9

Department of Orthopaedics, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Bengbu Medical College, Bengbu 233002, Anhui, China.

Objective: To manufacture a new type of transverse process retractor by using computer-aided design(CAD) combined with 3D printing technology and investigate its clinical application effect.

Methods: A new type of transverse protrusion retractor was developed by CAD combined with 3D printing technology. From September 2018 to September 2019, the new transverse process retractor was applied in clinic. Read More

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[Two different techniques combined with MIS-TLIF in the treatment of degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis:a case-control study].

Zhongguo Gu Shang 2022 May;35(5):409-17

The Third Department of Orthopaedics, Gansu Provincial Hospital, Lanzhou 730030, Gansu, China.

Objective: To analyze the difference in clinical efficacy of minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF) under Quadrant channel system combined with microscope and percutaneous pedicle screw in the treatment of degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis.

Methods: A total of 114 patients with single-segment degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis from June 2015 to February 2019, were divided into three groups according to the surgical methods, such as the MIS-TLIF under the microscope surgery group ( microscope group), MIS-TLIF combined with percutaneous pedicle screw technique surgery group(percutaneous group) and posterior lumbar interbody fusion surgery group (open group). In the microscope group, there were 12 males and 26 females, aged from 42 to 83 years with an average of (63. Read More

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Management of lumbar spondylolysis in the adolescent athlete: a review of over 200 cases.

Spine J 2022 Apr 30. Epub 2022 Apr 30.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of California, 101 The City Dr S, Pavilion 3. Building 29A, Orange, CA 92868, USA.

Background: Spondylolysis is a defect of the pars interarticularis of vertebrae, most commonly seen at L5 and L4. The etiology of spondylolysis and isthmic spondylolisthesis is generally considered to be a result of repetitive mechanical stress to the weak portion of the vertebrae. A higher incidence of spondylolysis is observed in young athletes. Read More

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Diagnosis and Management of Lumbar Spinal Stenosis: A Review.

JAMA 2022 05;327(17):1688-1699

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts.

Importance: Lumbar spinal stenosis is a prevalent and disabling cause of low back and leg pain in older persons, affecting an estimated 103 million persons worldwide. Most are treated nonoperatively. Approximately 600 000 surgical procedures are performed in the US each year for lumbar spinal stenosis. Read More

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A Review of Treatment for Acute and Chronic Pars Fractures in the Lumbar Spine.

Curr Rev Musculoskelet Med 2022 May 2. Epub 2022 May 2.

Simpson Querrey Institute (SQI), Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, 60611, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Spondylolysis remains one of the most common causes of lower back pain in the pediatric and adolescent populations and is particularly prevalent in young sporting individuals. Despite this, approaches to diagnostic imaging and both conservative and surgical treatment vary widely among surgeons. The current review investigates recent literature on the etiology, clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment of spondylolysis. Read More

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[The use of underwater horizontal traction and mechanotherapy in the complex treatment of degenerative spondylolisthesis of the lumbosacral spine: a pilot clinical study].

Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult 2022 ;99(2):45-52

National Medical Research Center for Rehabilitation and Balneology, Moscow, Russia.

Underwater traction of the spine is a physiotherapeutic method that combines the effects of mechanical traction and fresh water of indifferent temperature and seems promising for the treatment of pain in the lower back, which is due to the physiological basis of the mechanism of action on the spinal motion segment by eliminating muscle spasm and restoring the biomechanics of the spine.

Objective: To study the effectiveness of underwater horizontal traction in combination with mechanotherapy in patients with non-stenosing unstable degenerative spondylolisthesis of the lumbosacral spine of the 1st degree, accompanied by pain.

Material And Methods: The clinical study included 14 patients (mean age 50. Read More

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Functional outcomes are preserved in adult acetabular dysplasia with radiographic evidence of lumbosacral spine anomalies: an investigation in hip-spine syndrome.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2022 Apr 25;23(1):385. Epub 2022 Apr 25.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 5323 Harry Hines Blvd, Dallas, TX, 75390-8883, USA.

Purpose: Acetabular dysplasia (AD) is a debilitating condition which results in impaired hip function, leading to hip-spine syndrome with anomalies identifiable on plain radiographs. However, no study to date has investigated the association between radiographic spine anomalies and functional outcomes in AD. We hypothesize that AD patients with radiographic evidence of lumbar spine anomalies are associated with decreased function in comparison to those without such radiographic findings. Read More

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Update on Spinal Fusion.

Neurol Clin 2022 05 31;40(2):261-268. Epub 2022 Mar 31.

Department of Neurosurgery, University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics, 600 Highland Avenue, Madison, WI 53792, USA.

Spinal fusion is frequently performed for a variety of indications. It is performed to treat instability due to trauma, infection, or neoplasm. It may be used to treat regional or global spinal deformity. Read More

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Large Lumbar Lordosis and Coronal Deformity Angular Ratio Are Risk Factors for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis in Patients With Lumbar Spondylolysis.

World Neurosurg 2022 Apr 22. Epub 2022 Apr 22.

Department of Orthopedics, Changzheng Hospital, Naval Medical University, Shanghai, P.R. China. Electronic address:

Background: The features of lumbar curves in patients with lumbar spondylolisthesis (LS) are unclear. The aim of this retrospective study was to present the clinical and radiologic characteristics of scoliosis due to LS and LS concurrent with main thoracolumbar/lumbar adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS).

Methods: This study was conducted as a single-center retrospective comparative study on 56 pediatric spondylolisthesis patients with main thoracolumbar/lumbar curves. Read More

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Usefulness of Lateral Lumbar Interbody Fusion Combined with Indirect Decompression for Degenerative Lumbar Spondylolisthesis: A Systematic Review.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2022 Mar 29;58(4). Epub 2022 Mar 29.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Fukushima Medical University School of Medicine, 1 Hikari-gaoka, Fukushima City 960-1295, Japan.

The aim of this review was to analyze the existing literature and investigate the outcomes or complications of lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) combined with indirect decompression for degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis (DS). A database search algorithm was used to query MEDLINE, COCHRANE, and EMBASE to identify the literature reporting LLIF with indirect decompression for DS between January 2010 and December 2021. Improvements in outcome measures and complication rates were pooled and tested for significance. Read More

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Diagnosis of Lumbar Spondylolisthesis Using Optimized Pretrained CNN Models.

Comput Intell Neurosci 2022 13;2022:7459260. Epub 2022 Apr 13.

Bennett University, Greater Noida, India.

Spondylolisthesis refers to the slippage of one vertebral body over the adjacent one. It is a chronic condition that requires early detection to prevent unpleasant surgery. The paper presents an optimized deep learning model for detecting spondylolisthesis in X-ray radiographs. Read More

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Frequency of Hypoplasia of the Vertebral Body at L5, and Its Relationship with Degeneration in Patients with Low Back Pain.

Turk Neurosurg 2021 Oct 4. Epub 2021 Oct 4.

Dr. Vefa Tanir State Hospital, Department of Radiology, Konya, Turkey.

Aim: Vertebral body hypoplasia is characterized by a significantly smaller lower segment than the upper level. In the present study we explain the association between vertebral body hypoplasia and degenerative changes in the disco-vertebral complex and facet joints,and assess the incidence of hypoplasia of the vertebral body at the L5 level.

Material And Methods: A retrospective analysis was made of 3,100 patients aged 20-50 years who underwent lumbar MRI with a complaint of back pain, of which 55 were identified with vertebral body hypoplasia. Read More

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October 2021

Influence of the geometric and material properties of lumbar endplate on lumbar interbody fusion failure: a systematic review.

J Orthop Surg Res 2022 Apr 10;17(1):224. Epub 2022 Apr 10.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC, 3010, Australia.

Background: Lumbar interbody fusion (LIF) is an established surgical intervention for patients with leg and back pain secondary to disc herniation or degeneration. Interbody fusion involves removal of the herniated or degenerated disc and insertion of interbody devices with bone grafts into the remaining cavity. Extensive research has been conducted on operative complications such as a failure of fusion or non-union of the vertebral bodies. Read More

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In Spinal Stenosis with Degenerative Spondylolisthesis, Decompression Surgery Alone Was Noninferior to Decompression Surgery with Instrumented Fusion for Reducing Impairment at 2 Years.

Philip K Louie

J Bone Joint Surg Am 2022 05 5;104(10):943. Epub 2022 Apr 5.

Department of Neurosurgery, Medical Director of Research and Academics, Center for Neurosciences and Spine, Virginia Mason Franciscan Health, Seattle, Washington.

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Comparative analysis of the effects of OLIF and TLIF on adjacent segments after treatment of L4 degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis.

J Orthop Surg Res 2022 Apr 4;17(1):203. Epub 2022 Apr 4.

Spine Surgery Department 1, The Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, China.

Background: The fusion of the lumbar spine may lead to the degeneration of the adjacent segments. In this study, the effects of OLIF and TLIF on adjacent segments after treatment of L4 degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis (DLS) were compared and analysed.

Methods: This was a retrospective analysis of the medical records of consecutive patients treated with OLIF or TLIF for L4DLS. Read More

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Surgeon Volume and Social Disparity are Associated with Postoperative Complications After Lumbar Fusion.

World Neurosurg 2022 Jul 1;163:e162-e176. Epub 2022 Apr 1.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA.

Objective: To characterize the volume dependence of both facilities and surgeons on postoperative complications after lumbar fusion and characterize the role of socioeconomic status.

Methods: Adults who underwent lumbar fusion from 2011 to 2015 were identified using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification diagnostic codes for lumbar disc degeneration or spondylolisthesis and procedure codes for lumbar fusion in the New York Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System database. Complications were compared across surgeon and facility volumes using multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression, controlling for patient demographic and clinical factors. Read More

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Adjacent Segment Degeneration after Short-Segment Lateral Lumbar Interbody Fusion (LLIF).

Biomed Res Int 2022 24;2022:5161503. Epub 2022 Mar 24.

Department of Orthopaedics, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Japan.

Purpose: To investigate the influence on the adjacent segment degeneration (ASD) of short-segment lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) at 2 years postoperatively.

Methods: Ninety-seven consecutive patients who underwent one- or two-level LLIF were included from two institutions. We diagnosed radiographical adjacent segment degeneration with the appearance of adjacent spondylolisthesis (>3 mm) or deterioration of adjacent disk height (>3 mm) on plain radiographs or decrease of the intervertebral angle (>5 degrees). Read More

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Direct Pars Repair with Cannulated Screws in Adults: A Case Series and Systematic Literature Review.

World Neurosurg 2022 Jul 30;163:e263-e274. Epub 2022 Mar 30.

Department of Neurological Surgery, Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: Lumbar spondylolysis occurs in 5%-8% of adults. This study aimed to report clinical and radiographic outcomes of direct pars repair in adults with lumbar spondylolysis.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of all patients treated for lumbar spondylolysis via open fracture reduction and direct pars repair with cannulated screws using a lag technique. Read More

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