2,259 results match your criteria Lumbar Compression Fracture


Prophylactic vertebroplasty versus kyphoplasty in osteoporosis: A comprehensive biomechanical matched-pair study by in vitro compressive testing.

Med Eng Phys 2019 Feb 4. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

National Center for Spinal Disorders, Királyhágó u. 1, H-1126 Budapest, Hungary. Electronic address:

Vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty are alternative augmentation techniques of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures. However, shortly after augmentation, new vertebral compression fractures may occur, mostly in the adjacent vertebrae. To prevent this, prophylactic cement injection can be applied to the neighboring vertebral bodies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.medengphy.2019.01.004DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Noncontrast Chest Computed Tomographic Imaging of Obesity and the Metabolic Syndrome: Part II Noncardiovascular Findings.

J Thorac Imaging 2019 Jan 31. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Departments of Radiology.

The purpose of this review article is to acquaint the reader with the current state of the art for the noncardiovascular imaging biomarkers of metabolic syndrome found on noncontrast computed tomography (NCCT) of the chest and their prognostic significance. Routine chest NCCT includes quantitative information with regard to tissue density and organ volumes in the neck, chest, and upper abdomen. The specific imaging biomarkers that may be seen in association with metabolic syndrome include low thyroid iodine organification, hepatic steatosis, sarcopenia (muscle volume and density), demineralization of the thoracic and upper lumbar vertebral bodies, loss of axial skeletal muscle mass, premature lung inflammation, and an increased deposition of subcutaneous and visceral fat. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/RTI.0000000000000393DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Effect of benign prostatic hyperplasia on the development of spine, hip, and wrist fractures.

Osteoporos Int 2019 Jan 31. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, E-Da Hospital / I-Shou University, No.1, E-Da Road, Kaohsiung City, Taiwan, 82445, People's Republic of China.

Benign prostatic hyperplasia is one of the most common diseases in the elderly male population. The urinary tract symptoms may increase the risk of falls and fractures. The results indicated that patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia could increase the risk of vertebral compression fractures in both the thoracic and lumbar spine and also hip fractures, but did not increase the risk of wrist fracture. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00198-019-04863-5DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Controlled Pedicle Subtraction Osteotomy Site Closure Using Flexible Hinge-Powered Operating Table.

Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) 2019 Jan 23. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Department of Neurosurgery, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota.

Background And Importance: Pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO) is a 3-column osteotomy used to correct rigid, large magnitude sagittal spinal deformity. PSO is an inherently destabilizing procedure intraoperatively, with high risk of neurological deficits from vertebral body subluxation or translation during osteotomy closure. Traditionally, PSO closure has been performed utilizing compression or cantilevering forces across adjacent level instrumentation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ons/opy397DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Limbus Vertebral Fracture Presenting as Cauda Equina Syndrome Masquerading An Acute Disc Prolapse - A Rare Case Report and Review of Literature.

J Orthop Case Rep 2018 Jul-Aug;8(4):38-40

Department of Orthopaedics, P.D Hinduja National Hospital and Medical Research Centre, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Introduction: Limbus vertebral fracture is an uncommon injury described in adolescents. It refers to the separation of a bony fragment from the unfused ring apophysis of lumbar vertebral end plate. It usually presents with back pain with/without radiculopathy masquerading an acute disc prolapse. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.13107/jocr.2250-0685.1150DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6343561PMC
January 2019
1 Read

The Outcome of Radiofrequency Kyphoplasty in the Treatment of Vertebral Compression Fractures in Osteoporotic Patients.

Asian Spine J 2019 Jan 29. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Spine Unit, Wald Klinikum Gera, Gera, Germany.

Study Design: Retrospective study.

Purpose: The study aims to assess the effectiveness and safety of radiofrequency (RF) kyphoplasty in the treatment of vertebral compression fractures (VCFs) in osteoporotic patients.

Overview Of Literature: Vertebroplasty and balloon kyphoplasty are established procedures for the treatment of osteoporotic VCFs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31616/asj.2018.0124DOI Listing
January 2019

Supplemental rods are needed to maximally reduce rod strain across the lumbosacral junction with TLIF but not ALIF in long constructs.

Spine J 2019 Jan 23. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Department of Neurosurgery, Barrow Neurological Institute, St. Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center, Phoenix, Arizona. Electronic address:

Background Context: Rod fracture at the lumbosacral (LS) junction remains challenging in long segment fusions and likely stems from increased lumbosacral strain. Reduction of LS instrumentation strain may help reduce fracture rates.

Purpose: The goal of this investigation was to assess the effect of supplemental posterior 4-rod (4R) construction on LS stability and rod strain compared to standard 2-rod (2R) construction in a long segment fusion model. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.spinee.2019.01.005DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

[The application of ultrasonic bone curette in laminoplasty of spinal canal after resection of intraspinal tumors].

Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi 2019 Jan;33(1):61-65

Department of Spine Surgery, Luoyang Orthopedic Hospital of Henan Province (Henan Orthopedic Hospital), Henan Luoyang, 471002, P.R.China.

Objective: To explore the practicability and safety of ultrasonic bone curette in the laminoplasty of spinal canal after resection of intraspinal tumors.

Methods: The clinical data of 17 patients with thoracolumbar intraspinal tumors treated with ultrasonic bone curette after resection of intraspinal tumors between December 2015 and April 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients were male, aged 42-73 years with an average of 57. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7507/1002-1892.201807086DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

[Surgical treatment strategy for the "shell" phenomenon after thoracolumbar fracture].

Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi 2019 Jan;33(1):49-55

SectionⅠDepartment of Orthopaedics, the Fourth People's Hospital of Zigong City, Zigong Sichuan, 643000, P.R.China.

Objective: To explore the surgical treatment strategy of the vertebral "shell" after thoracolumbar fracture, and provide clinical reference for the intervention and treatment of "shell".

Methods: Between June 2015 and January 2017, 53 patients with high risk of vertebral "shell" after thoracolumbar fracture surgery were enrolled in a prospective study according to the selection criteria. All patients were randomly divided into two groups according to the order of treatment, 27 cases in the treatment group were treated with short-segment fixation combined with vertebral reconstruction, 26 cases in the control group were treated with short-segment fixation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7507/1002-1892.201806085DOI Listing
January 2019

Fat Quantification in the Vertebral Body: Comparison of Modified Dixon Technique with Single-Voxel Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy.

Korean J Radiol 2019 Jan 27;20(1):126-133. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Department of Radiology, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea.

Objective: To compare the lumbar vertebral bone marrow fat-signal fractions obtained from six-echo modified Dixon sequence (6-echo m-Dixon) with those from single-voxel magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) in patients with low back pain.

Materials And Methods: Vertebral bone marrow fat-signal fractions were quantified by 6-echo m-Dixon (repetition time [TR] = 7.2 ms, echo time (TE) = 1. Read More

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https://synapse.koreamed.org/DOIx.php?id=10.3348/kjr.2018.01
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3348/kjr.2018.0174DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6315074PMC
January 2019
6 Reads

Analysis of the Frequency and Mechanism of Injury to Warfighters in the Under-body Blast Environment.

Stapp Car Crash J 2018 Nov;62:489-513

Survivability/Lethality Analysis Directorate (SLAD).

During Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom, improvised explosive devices were used strategically and with increasing frequency. To effectively design countermeasures for this environment, the Department of Defense identified the need for an under-body blast-specific Warrior Injury Assessment Manikin (WIAMan). To help with this design, information on Warfighter injuries in mounted under-body blast attacks was obtained from the Joint Trauma Analysis and Prevention of Injury in Combat program through their Request for Information interface. Read More

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November 2018
6 Reads

The Role of Computed Tomography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging in the Diagnosis of Pediatric Thoracolumbar Compression Fractures.

J Pediatr Orthop 2018 Dec 26. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Biomedical Engineering, University of Tennessee-Campbell Clinic.

Background: Because of concerns about radiation exposure, some centers consider magnetic resonance imaging (MRIs) the preferred imaging modality for pediatric thoracic and/or lumbar compression fractures. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the sensitivity of computed tomography (CT) and MRI in diagnosing thoracolumbar compression fractures and the utility of MRI in their management.

Methods: Retrospective review identified 52 patients aged 0 to 18 years with 191 thoracic and/or lumbar compression fractures who had both CT and MRI during the initial trauma evaluation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BPO.0000000000001316DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Special form of osteoporosis in a 53-year-old man.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Dec 13;11(1). Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Division of Endocrinology and Diabetes, Luzerner Kantonsspital, Luzern, Switzerland.

Male osteoporosis often remains unrecognised. Osteoporotic fractures occur approximately 10 years later in men than in women due to higher peak bone mass. However, 30% of all hip fractures occur in men. Read More

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http://casereports.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/bcr-2018-22667
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-226672DOI Listing
December 2018
8 Reads

[Observation of the clinical efficacy of the bone filling bag vertebroplasty for the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures].

Zhongguo Gu Shang 2018 Nov;31(11):993-997

Department of Spinal Surgery, Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine Hospital of Wenzhou Affiliated to Zhejiang Chinese Medicine University, Wenzhou 325000, Zhejiang, China.

Objective: To explore the clinical effects of bone filling bag vertebroplasty in treating osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures.

Methods: The clinical data of 127 patients (145 vertebrae) with osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures who corresponded the criteria of inclusion and exclusion from December 2015 to June 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. Responsible vertebral bodies were identified by clinical situation, X-rays, CT scan, MRI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3969/j.issn.1003-0034.2018.08.003DOI Listing
November 2018
5 Reads

Spinal Endoscopy for Delayed-Onset Lumbar Radiculopathy Resulting from Foraminal Stenosis after Osteoporotic Vertebral Fracture: A Case Report of a New Surgical Strategy.

Case Rep Orthop 2018 25;2018:1593021. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Wakayama Medical University, Japan.

There is little evidence regarding the optimal approach to treatment for delayed-onset lumbar radiculopathy due to foraminal stenosis after osteoporotic vertebral fracture. Here, we describe the use of spinal endoscopy for the treatment of this disabling condition, in an 80-year-old woman presenting with severe radicular pain following an osteoporotic lumbar compression fracture. Radiographic findings showed the compression of the L2 root within the foramen, and computed tomography identified a fragment of the posterior wall of the vertebral body under the pedicle. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/1593021DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6222242PMC
October 2018
1 Read

Spine Injuries Related to Ocean Waves: Case Series of Unusual Injuries.

Authors:
Luis A Robles

Cureus 2018 Sep 19;10(9):e3335. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

Neurosurgery, CMQ Premier Hospital, Puerto Vallarta, MEX.

Spine injuries related to ocean wave accidents are little known because they exclusively occur in beach destinations. This unusual type of trauma happens when these patients are slammed or caught by a wave, rolled over, and driven into the water, usually hitting the head on the seabed. Due to the kinematics of ocean wave accidents, spine injuries occur almost exclusively in the subaxial cervical spine. Read More

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https://www.cureus.com/articles/14826-spine-injuries-related
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.3335DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6248870PMC
September 2018
9 Reads

Assessment of the Original Height of L after Vertebral Compression Fracture.

Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi 2018 Aug 25;34(4):359-362. Epub 2018 Aug 25.

Department of Forensic Medicine, Medical College of Soochow University, Suzhou 215006, China.

Objectives: To explore the assessment method of original height of L after vertebral compression fracture and its application value in forensic clinical practice.

Methods: A total of 154 normal thoracic and lumbar X-ray films were collected, and 140 cases were used as experimental group while 14 cases as validation group. The heights of anterior (a) and posterior (p) vertebral body of T₁₂-L₃ vertebrae in each X-ray image were measured. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12116/j.issn.1004-5619.2018.04.003DOI Listing
August 2018
10 Reads

Two-Level Spontaneous Pedicle Fracture above a Degenerative Spondylolisthesis and Minimally Invasive Treatment.

Asian J Neurosurg 2018 Oct-Dec;13(4):1279-1281

Department of Surgery, Section of Neurosurgery, Providence-Providence Park Hospital, Southfield, Michigan, USA.

This is a case report and literature review. The objectives of the study are to describe minimally invasive treatment of pedicle fractures, to show contralateral pedicle changes with pedicle fracture treatment, and to review literature on incidence and mechanism of neural arch fractures. After conservative therapy, there are several options for the treatment of pedicle fractures including pediculoplasty, osteosynthesis, or fusion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajns.AJNS_109_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6208236PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Radiological Evaluation Does Not Reflect the Clinical Outcome After Surgery in Unstable Thoracolumbar and Lumbar Type A Fractures Without Neurological Symptoms: A Comparative Study of 2 Cohorts Treated by Open or Percutaneous Surgery.

Clin Spine Surg 2018 Nov 16. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Department of Spine Surgery of Sidney Kimmel Medical Center at Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA.

Study Design: This is a prospective study of 2 cohorts.

Objective: Compare the clinical and radiologic outcome of 2 cohorts of unstable thoracolumbar and lumbar fractures treated by open posterior fixation (OPF) with bone graft or by percutaneous fixation (PCF) without grafting.

Summary Of Background Data: In recent years, PCF is the most common treatment of thoracolumbar fractures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BSD.0000000000000737DOI Listing
November 2018
11 Reads

Indications for the monosegmental stabilization of thoraco-lumbar spine fractures.

Int Orthop 2019 Jan 14;43(1):169-176. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Spine Surgery Department, Orthopaedic Institute Gaetano Pini - CTO, Milan, Italy.

Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy and to underline the right indications of the posterior monosegmental stabilization for the treatment of thoraco-lumbar spine fractures.

Method: Twenty patients underwent a monosegmental stabilization at our Institution and were retrospectively reviewed with a minimum follow-up of two years. All the patients had a clinical and radiological assessment before, after the surgery and at final follow-up. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00264-018-4226-y
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00264-018-4226-yDOI Listing
January 2019
13 Reads

Complications and Management of a Rare Case of Disseminated Coccidioidomycosis to the Vertebral Spine.

Authors:
Sammy G Nakhla

Case Rep Infect Dis 2018 8;2018:8954016. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

Department of Medicine, Southern Arizona VA Health Care System, Tucson, AZ 85723, USA.

Coccidioidomycosis, also known as San Joaquin Valley Fever or Valley Fever, is mostly a pulmonary infection caused by inhalation of spores in an endemic region. Dissemination to bone, joints, meninges, and skin occurs less than one percent of the time. Skeletal involvement accounts for approximately half of the disseminated coccidioidomycosis with the vertebrae as the most common skeletal region. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/criid/2018/8954016/
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/8954016DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6218755PMC
October 2018
11 Reads

A Case of Paraneoplastic Guillain-Barré Syndrome Associated with Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Lung.

Cureus 2018 Aug 24;10(8):e3202. Epub 2018 Aug 24.

Neurology, Bay Pines VA, Bay Pines, USA.

We report a case of a 61-year-old man with a history of squamous cell carcinoma of the lung presenting with rapidly progressive symmetric ascending weakness with areflexia. The weakness was quickly followed by respiratory decompensation requiring intubation. Lumbar puncture yielded cerebrospinal fluid with elevated protein (177 mg/dL), normal glucose (61 mg/dL), normal red blood cell count (0 per/µl), and normal white blood cell count (0 per/µL). Read More

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https://www.cureus.com/articles/13813-a-case-of-paraneoplast
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.3202DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6205880PMC
August 2018
4 Reads

A novel technique with reduced computed tomography exposure to predict vertebral compression fracture: a finite element study based on rat vertebrae.

Med Biol Eng Comput 2018 Nov 7. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

Department of Neurosurgery, University of Illinois at Chicago, 912 S Wood St, Chicago, IL, USA.

Vertebral compression fractures are a significant clinical issue with an annual incidence of approximately 750,000 cases in the USA alone. Mechanical properties of vertebrae are successfully evaluated through finite element (FE) models based on vertebrae CT. However, clinical drawbacks associated to radiation transmission encouraged to explore the possibility to use selected or reduced portions of the vertebra. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11517-018-1918-9
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11517-018-1918-9DOI Listing
November 2018
6 Reads

Is it necessary to approach the compressed vertebra bilaterally during the process of PKP?

J Spinal Cord Med 2018 Nov 2:1-5. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

a Department of Neurosurgery , XinHua Hospital Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine , Shanghai , China.

Objective To assess the clinical and radiological outcomes following unilateral or bilateral approach in percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) for treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCF). Design Prospective comparative study. Setting University affiliated hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10790268.2018.1451238DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

MicroRNA-221 promotes cell proliferation, migration, and differentiation by regulation of ZFPM2 in osteoblasts.

Braz J Med Biol Res 2018 Oct 18;51(12):e7574. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

Department of Orthopaedics, Ningbo No. 2 Hospital, Ningbo, China.

Bone fracture is a common medical condition, which may occur due to traumatic injury or disease-related conditions. Evidence suggests that microRNAs (miRNAs) can regulate osteoblast differentiation and function. In this study, we explored the effects and mechanism of miR-221 on the growth and migration of osteoblasts using MC3T3-E1 cells. Read More

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http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1414-431X20187574DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6207289PMC
October 2018
9 Reads

Correlations of Serum Hormones and Bone Mineral Density with Fracture and Balance Ability of Postmenopausal Patients and Effects of Calcitriol.

Med Sci Monit 2018 Oct 13;24:7309-7315. Epub 2018 Oct 13.

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, The Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, Qingdao, Shandong, China (mainland).

BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to analyze the correlations of serum hormones and bone mineral density (BMD) with fracture and balance ability of postmenopausal patients and effects of calcitriol on them. MATERIAL AND METHODS The clinical data of 164 postmenopausal female patients with osteoporosis (OP) treated in our hospital were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS The incidence rates of OVCF, balance index score (BIS), front-back ratio (FBR), and right-left ratio (RLR) in the normal BMD group, reduced BMD group, and OP group showed increasing trends, and there were statistically significant differences in comparisons among groups (p<0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/MSM.910792DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6196597PMC
October 2018
8 Reads

Earlier Vertebroplasty for Osteoporotic Thoracolumbar Compression Fracture May Minimize the Subsequent Development of Adjacent Fractures: A Retrospective Study.

Pain Physician 2018 09;21(5):E483-E491

Institute of Medical Sciences, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan; School of Medicine, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan; Department of Orthopedics, Hualien Tzu Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation, Hualien, Taiwan.

Background: Percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) is widely used to treat osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs). The influence of timing (early vs. late) of PVP on the development of adjacent vertebral fractures (AVF) has rarely been discussed. Read More

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September 2018
3 Reads

Is There an Association With Spino-Pelvic Relationships and Clinical Outcome of Type A Thoracic and Lumbar Fractures Treated Non-Surgically?

Int J Spine Surg 2018 Jun 15;12(3):371-376. Epub 2018 Aug 15.

Department of Orthopedics, Northwest University, Chicago, Illinois.

Background: The objective was to evaluate if there is an association of the spino-pelvic relationships and the global spinal alignment with the outcome of AO type A injuries treated nonsurgically.

Methods: This is a retrospective case series. Patients treated nonsurgically for AOSpine type A fractures (T1-L5) with at least 1 year follow-up identified. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14444/5043DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6159704PMC
June 2018
3 Reads

Review of Vertebral Augmentation: An Updated Meta-analysis of the Effectiveness.

Int J Spine Surg 2018 Jun 15;12(3):295-321. Epub 2018 Aug 15.

University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Department of Radiology, Aurora, Colorado.

Background: To update vertebral augmentation literature by comparing outcomes between vertebroplasty (VP), balloon kyphoplasty (BKP), vertebral augmentation with implant (VAI), and nonsurgical management (NSM) for treating vertebral compression fractures (VCFs).

Methods: A PubMed literature search was conducted with keywords , , , and for English-language articles from February 1, 2011, to November 22, 2016. Among the results, 25 met the inclusion criteria for the meta-analysis. Read More

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http://ijssurgery.com/lookup/doi/10.14444/5036
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.14444/5036DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6159665PMC
June 2018
6 Reads

Anatomical feasibility study of unilateral percutaneous kyphoplasty for lumbar through the conventional transpedicular approach: An observational study using 3D CT analysis.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Sep;97(37):e12314

Department of Orthopedics, General Hospital of Shenyang Military Area Command of Chinese PLA.

The aim of the study was to discuss the significance of sex, level, age, and side in relation to the anatomical distinctions of unilateral percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) for lumbar osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs) through the conventional transpedicle approach (CTPA).We have retrospectively collected lumbar spines (L1-L5) of 200 patients and simulated PKP on the 3D CT scans through unilateral CTPA. We have measured the distance between the entry point and the midline of the vertebral body (DEM), the puncture inclination angle (PIA), safe range of the inner inclination angles (SRA), and the success rate (SR) of puncture. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000012314DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6156015PMC
September 2018
5 Reads

Incidence of Osteoporosis-Related Complications Following Posterior Lumbar Fusion.

Global Spine J 2018 Sep 10;8(6):563-569. Epub 2017 Dec 10.

Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.

Study Design: Retrospective review.

Objectives: This study investigates the prevalence of adverse postsurgical events, or osteoporosis-related complications (ORCs), following spinal fusion.

Methods: Patients undergoing primary posterior thoracolumbar or lumbar fusion by 1 of 2 surgeons practicing at a single institution were analyzed from 2007 to 2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2192568217743727DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6125926PMC
September 2018
4 Reads

Pemphigus vulgaris as the first manifestation of multiple myeloma: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2018 Sep 7;12(1):255. Epub 2018 Sep 7.

Department of Dermatology, University Hospital Joseph Raseta Befelatanana, Antananarivo, Madagascar.

Background: The association between pemphigus and malignancy has been well documented for decades but an association between pemphigus vulgaris and multiple myeloma is unusual. We report a case of pemphigus vulgaris revealing multiple myeloma.

Case Presentation: A 55-year-old Malagasy man, with no significant past medical history, presented with bullous and erosive skin lesions involving his trunk and scalp for the last 2 months. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-018-1791-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6127896PMC
September 2018
9 Reads

18F-FDG PET/CT in a Patient With Pregnancy and Lactation-Associated Osteoporosis.

Clin Nucl Med 2018 Oct;43(10):742-743

From the Department of Nuclear Medicine, Peking University People's Hospital, Beijing, China.

A 33-year-old woman in the 6th month postpartum and breast-feeding period suffered from acute thoracolumbar pain for 1 month. She presented with slightly decreased serum calcium level. Other laboratory assessments were unremarkable. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/RLU.0000000000002182DOI Listing
October 2018
6 Reads
3.930 Impact Factor

[Treatment of thoracolumbar fractures with three-dimensional reduction method and external fixation devices under analgesia].

Zhongguo Gu Shang 2018 Aug;31(8):692-697

Department of Orthopaedics, the Affiliated Suzhou Hospital of Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Suzhou 215009, Jiangsu, China;

Objective: To compare the clinical effects between open reduction internal fixation and three-dimensional reduction with external fixation under analgesia in treating fresh thoracolumbar fractures, and explore the simple and effective method for thoracolumbar fractures.

Methods: The clinical data of 40 patients with thoracolumbar fractures who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria in the department of orthopaedics affiliated to Suzhou Hospital of Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine from February 2013 to August 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. According to therapeutic methods, the patients were devided into treatment group and control group, 20 cases in each group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3969/j.issn.1003-0034.2018.08.002DOI Listing
August 2018
10 Reads

Beneficial effect of traditional Chinese medicine fumigation "Bone-healing Powder" in postoperative pain and recovery of neurological function of traumatic thoracolumbar spine fractures: A case-control study.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Aug;97(35):e11983

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Weifang People's Hospital, Weifang, P.R. China.

Background: Thoracolumbar spine (TLS) fractures are commonly associated with the young healthy population, with its risk factors including both high-energy traumas and neurological deficit. The underlying mechanisms of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and TLS fractures have been explored. Therefore, our prospective study was conducted in order to explore the beneficial effects of TCM fumigation "Bone-healing Powder" method in both postoperative pain as well as the recovery of the patient's neurological function following healing from their traumatic TLS fractures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000011983DOI Listing
August 2018
27 Reads

Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy for Spinal Metastases at the Extreme Ends of the Spine: Imaging-Based Outcomes for Cervical and Sacral Metastases.

Neurosurgery 2018 Aug 29. Epub 2018 Aug 29.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Odette Cancer Centre, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Background: The unique anatomy and biomechanical features of the cervical spine and sacrum may impact treatment outcomes following spine stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT). Current data for spine metastases are not specific for these locations.

Objective: To report imaging-based SBRT outcomes to cervical and sacral metastases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/neuros/nyy393DOI Listing
August 2018
10 Reads
3.620 Impact Factor

Early Clinical Results of Short Same-Segment Posterior Fixation in Thoracolumbar Burst Fractures.

Ortop Traumatol Rehabil 2018 Jun;20(3):211-217

Department of Orthopedics, Government Medical College Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir, India.

Background: We did a prospective study to study the efficiency of Short Segment Posterior Instrumentation using a Universal Spine System with incorporation of the fractured vertebra in post-traumatic thoracic and lumbar spine fractures.

Material And Methods: 25 cases in the age group of I5-50 years with thoracic and lumbar spine fractures were included in the study. The operative decision was made on the basis of instability of spine fractures with or without neurological deficit. Read More

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https://ortopedia.com.pl/gicid/01.3001.0012.2129
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5604/01.3001.0012.2129DOI Listing
June 2018
14 Reads

Application of Cement-Injectable Cannulated Pedicle Screw in Treatment of Osteoporotic Thoracolumbar Vertebral Compression Fracture (AO Type A): A Retrospective Study of 28 Cases.

World Neurosurg 2018 Dec 25;120:e247-e258. Epub 2018 Aug 25.

Department of Orthopaedics, National and Regional United Engineering Laboratory, Southwest Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, China. Electronic address:

Objective: To evaluate safety and effectiveness of the novel polymethyl methacrylate-augmented bone cement-injectable cannulated pedicle screw (CICPS) in patients with thoracolumbar vertebral compression fractures (AO type A) associated with osteoporosis.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 28 patients treated for osteoporosis-related thoracolumbar vertebral body compression fracture at our facility between 2011 and 2015. Treatment involved posterior thoracolumbar fusion or lumbar fusion using CICPS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.08.045DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

Application value of expansive pedicle screw in the lumbar short-segment fixation and fusion for osteoporosis patients.

Exp Ther Med 2018 Aug 1;16(2):665-670. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

Department of Orthopaedics, The First People's Hospital of Wujiang District, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215200, P.R. China.

Clinical value of expansive pedicle screw in lumbar short-segment fixation and fusion for patients with osteoporosis was investigated. A total of 80 patients with lumbar compression fracture but without obvious nerve compression were selected and divided into the observation group (n=40) and the control group (n=40) using a random number table. The observation group used the expansive pedicle screw, and the control group received conventional pedicle screw fixation and bone graft fusion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/etm.2018.6248DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6090430PMC
August 2018
4 Reads

Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia with osteolytic bone lesions: diagnostic dilemma.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Aug 11;2018. Epub 2018 Aug 11.

Division of Hematology/Oncology, Department of Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA.

A previously healthy 37-year-old man presented with a 10-month history of intractable back pain. On examination, there was tenderness to palpation along lower thoracic and lumbar spine. Complete blood count showed mild anaemia but was otherwise unremarkable. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-225008DOI Listing
August 2018
12 Reads

Vertebral strength prediction from Bi-Planar dual energy x-ray absorptiometry under anterior compressive force using a finite element model: An in vitro study.

J Mech Behav Biomed Mater 2018 Nov 17;87:190-196. Epub 2018 Jul 17.

Arts et Metiers ParisTech, Institut de Biomecanique Humaine Georges Charpak, 151 bd de l'Hopital, 75013 Paris, France. Electronic address:

Finite element models (FEM) derived from qCT-scans were developed as a clinical tool to evaluate vertebral strength. However, the high dose, time and cost of qCT-scanner are limitations for routine osteoporotic diagnosis. A new approach considers using bi-planar dual energy (BP2E) X-rays absorptiometry to build vertebral FEM using synchronized sagittal and frontal plane radiographs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmbbm.2018.07.026DOI Listing
November 2018
11 Reads

Delayed Height Loss After Kyphoplasty in Osteoporotic Vertebral Fracture with Severe Collapse: Comparison with Vertebroplasty.

World Neurosurg 2018 Nov 2;119:e580-e588. Epub 2018 Aug 2.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Incheon St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Incheon, Korea. Electronic address:

Objective: To compare clinical and radiographic outcomes and complications after vertebroplasty (VP) and kyphoplasty (KP) for osteoporotic vertebral fractures with severe collapse.

Methods: Patients >65 years old with single osteoporotic vertebral fracture (T10-L2) with severe collapse (>40%) were prospectively enrolled and allocated to either KP or VP. Visual analog scale and Oswestry Disability Index were used for clinical assessment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.07.214DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

CT for thoracic and lumbar spine fractures: Can CT findings accurately predict posterior ligament complex injury?

Eur Spine J 2018 Dec 3;27(12):3007-3015. Epub 2018 Aug 3.

Department of Radiology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, 75 Francis St, Boston, MA, 02115, USA.

Purpose: This study aims to determine whether secondary CT findings can predict posterior ligament complex (PLC) injury in patients with acute thoracic (T) or lumbar (L) spine fractures.

Methods: This is a retrospective study of 105 patients with acute thoracic and lumbar spine fractures on CT, with MRI as the reference standard for PLC injury. Three readers graded CT for facet joint alignment (FJA), widening (FJW), pedicle or lamina fracture (PLF), spinous fracture (SPF), interspinous widening (ISW), vertebral translation (VBT), and posterior endplate fracture (PEF). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00586-018-5712-zDOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

Mechanism of formation of intravertebral clefts in osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures: An in vitro biomechanical study.

Spine J 2018 Dec 31;18(12):2297-2301. Epub 2018 Jul 31.

Department of Orthopaedics, Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, 3 East Qingchun Rd, Hangzhou 30016, PR China. Electronic address:

Background Context: Intravertebral clefts (IVCs) are vacuum-like cavities commonly associated with osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs). IVCs promote cement leakage during kyphoplasty, suggesting a physical link with the basivertebral foramen, although this is uncertain.

Purpose: The present study aims to create IVCs in mechanical experiments on cadaveric spines in order to clarify their pathogenesis, structure, and links with the basivertebral foramen. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.spinee.2018.07.020DOI Listing
December 2018
25 Reads

Measurement Techniques and Utility of Hounsfield Unit Values for Assessment of Bone Quality Prior to Spinal Instrumentation: A Review of Current Literature.

Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2019 Feb;44(4):E239-E244

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, VA Loma Linda Medical Center, Bones and Spine Surgery, Loma Linda, CA.

Study Design: A systematic review.

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical utility of assessing bone quality using computed tomography (CT) attenuation in Hounsfield units (HU).

Summary Of Background Data: Assessing bone quality before spine instrumentation is an essential step of preoperative planning. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BRS.0000000000002813DOI Listing
February 2019
15 Reads

Intracardiac cement embolism during percutaneous vertebroplasty: incidence, risk factors and clinical management.

Eur Radiol 2019 Feb 27;29(2):663-673. Epub 2018 Jul 27.

Department of Neuroradiology, Pitié-Salpêtrière Hospital, APHP, 47, Bd de l'Hôpital, 75013, Paris, France.

Objective: To evaluate the incidence and risk factors for ICE during a PV.

Materials And Methods: Single-center retrospective analysis of 1512 consecutive patients who underwent 1854 PV procedures for osteoporotic (34 %), malignant (39.9 %) or other cause (26. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00330-018-5647-0DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Report of Four Cases with Equestrian Injury: Therapeutic Approach and Outcome.

Case Rep Emerg Med 2018 27;2018:8283179. Epub 2018 Jun 27.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Gunma University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan.

Equestrianism is associated with a risk of severe trauma due to falls and/or direct injury from the horse, depending on the mechanism of injury. This article presents four cases of equestrian injury treated in Gunma University Hospital: Case 1: hepatic injury (fall and kick by the horse); Case 2: left hemopneumothorax and pulmonary contusion with multiple rib fractures (fall and trampling by the horse); Case 3: lumbar compression fracture (fall); and Case 4: scrotum injury (horse bite). Equestrian injuries may be high-energy traumas. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/criem/2018/8283179/
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/8283179DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6040287PMC
June 2018
14 Reads

Prediction of lumbar vertebral body compressive strength of overweight and obese older adults using morphed subject-specific finite-element models to evaluate the effects of weight loss.

Aging Clin Exp Res 2018 Jul 24. Epub 2018 Jul 24.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, Medical Center Blvd, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC, USA.

Background: Diet and exercise can promote weight loss in older adults; however, there is potential to increase fracture risk due to loss of bone mineral density (BMD) known to accompany weight loss. Weight loss effects on measures of bone quality and strength are currently unknown.

Aims: The purpose of this study is to develop subject-specific finite-element (FE) models of the lumbar spine and study the effect of intentional weight loss on bone strength in a pilot data set. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40520-018-1010-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6345622PMC
July 2018
5 Reads

Rare Complication of Percutaneous Technique: Intradural Cement Leakage and Its Surgical Treatment.

World Neurosurg 2018 Oct 17;118:97. Epub 2018 Jul 17.

Department of Neurosurgery, Dijon University Hospital, Dijon, France.

Popularity of percutaneous vertebroplasty and vertebral augmentation to treat vertebral compression fractures is increasing. Cement leakages are relatively common, but intradural cement leakage is rare. Few cases of intradural cement leakage have been reported in the literature, and emergency surgery has been reported to be <1%. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750183152
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.07.045DOI Listing
October 2018
8 Reads