Radiographics 2019 Jul-Aug;39(4):1126-1142. Epub 2019 Jun 7.
From the Department of Radiology, Nationwide Children's Hospital, 700 Children's Dr, Columbus, OH 43205, and Department of Radiology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio (A.S.M.); Department of Radiology and Medical Imaging, Cincinnati Children's Hospital, Cincinnati, Ohio (U.N.); and Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences, Riley Hospital for Children at Indiana University Health, Indianapolis, Ind (R.R.).
Owing to physiologic and biomechanical differences, the incidence, patterns, distributions, and mechanisms of spinal injury in children differ from those in adults. Furthermore, evaluation of the spine can be complicated by synchondroses, developmental and/or anatomic variants, and interpretative pitfalls that are unique to the developing spine of a child. Although the incidence of spinal injury is lower in children, the sequelae are more severe, with higher morbidity and mortality. Read More