8,052 results match your criteria Low Vision Therapy

Improving quality of family life among Christian parents of children with low vision in Nsukka catholic diocese using rational emotive family health therapy.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2022 Jun 24;101(25):e27340. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Department of Art Education, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria.

Background: Most Christian parents living with children with low vision have reported to be experiencing psychological disturbances that are affecting the family health. As a result, the quality of family life is being impaired. The experience of parents catering for children with low vision is mainly influenced by psychosocial factors that could determine the quality of family life of such parents. Read More

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Long-term survival in non-human primates of stem cell-derived, MHC-unmatched corneal epithelial cell sheets.

Stem Cell Reports 2022 Jun 10. Epub 2022 Jun 10.

Department of Ophthalmology, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Suita City, Osaka 565-0871, Japan; Integrated Frontier Research for Medical Science Division, Institute for Open and Transdisciplinary Research Initiatives, Osaka University, Suita City, Osaka 565-0871, Japan. Electronic address:

When corneal epithelial stem cells residing in the corneal limbus become dysfunctional, called a limbal stem cell deficiency (LSCD), corneal transparency is decreased, causing severe vision loss. Transplantation of corneal epithelial cell sheets (CEPS) derived from stem cells, including induced pluripotent stem cells, is a promising treatment for LSCD. However, the potential effect of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) concordance on CEPS transplantation has not been addressed. Read More

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Antibiotic resistance in periodontitis patients: a systematic scoping review of randomized clinical trials.

Oral Dis 2022 Jun 23. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

Professor Institución Universitaria Visión de Las Américas, Medellín, Colombia.

Objectives: To evaluate the prevalence and proportions of antibiotic-resistant species in periodontitis patients.

Methods: A systematic scoping review of randomized clinical trials (RCTs) was conducted using the PRISMA extension for scoping reviews involving different databases. MeSH terms and keywords were provided to examine only RCTs with antibiotic-resistant results that included at least 3 months of follow-up of systematically healthy patients diagnosed with periodontitis and treated with systemic or local antibiotics adjunctive to subgingival debridement. Read More

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Challenges in Age-Related Macular Degeneration: From Risk Factors to Novel Diagnostics and Prevention Strategies.

Front Med (Lausanne) 2022 6;9:887104. Epub 2022 Jun 6.

Vision Engineering Italy srl, Rome, Italy.

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a chronic multifactorial eye disease representing the primary cause of vision loss in people aged 60 years and older. The etiopathogenesis of the disease remains uncertain, with several risk factors contributing to its onset and progression, such as genotype, aging, hypertension, smoking, overweight, and low dietary intake of carotenoids. Since the aging populations of the industrialized world are increasing rapidly, the impact of AMD in the socio-economical life-developed countries is expected to increase dramatically in the next years. Read More

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J Evid Based Dent Pract 2022 06 6;22(2):101711. Epub 2022 Mar 6.

Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Dentistry, Ibb University, Ibb, Yemen; Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Stomatology, Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China. Electronic address:

Objective: Alveolar osteitis (commonly known as dry socket) is a very common painful complication of dental extraction with no definitive cure. This systematic review assessed the efficacy of laser therapy in the management of alveolar osteitis.

Methods: PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Embase, Cochrane Central, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) were searched for all studies published till July 2021 using relevant keywords. Read More

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Dynamic distribution and correlation analysis of the angle kappa in myopia patients undergoing femtosecond-assisted laser in situ keratomileusis.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2022 Jun 17;101(24):e29425. Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Department of Ophthalmology, Fuyang People's Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Fuyang, Anhui, China.

Purpose: To explore the offset distribution of pupillary centres, the offset between the pupil centre and the coaxially sighted corneal light reflex (P-Dist) and their correlation in femtosecond laser combined with excimer laser in situ keratomileusis.

Methods: Randomly selected 194 patients (398 eyes) who underwent femtosecond-assisted laser in situ keratomileusis with preoperative use of WaveLight Allegro Topolyzer Corneal Topography (WaveLight Laser Technologies AG, Erlangen, Germany) to measure the pupil size and centre position. The P-Dist of the patients was recorded by the X and Y axis eyeball tracking adjustment program of the WaveLight Eagle Vision EX500 excimer laser system. Read More

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The Utility of the Bilateral Temporal Artery Biopsy for Diagnosis of Giant Cell Arteritis.

J Vasc Surg 2022 Jun 13. Epub 2022 Jun 13.

Heart and Vascular Center, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, NH.

Objective: A surgical temporal artery biopsy (TAB) is the gold standard for diagnosis of giant cell arteritis (GCA). The necessity of performing a bilateral biopsy remains under debate. The primary objective of this study was to assess the rate of discordance between pathology results in patients who underwent bilateral temporal artery biopsy for suspected GCA. Read More

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Rituximab for thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2022 06 16;6:CD009226. Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Moorfields and UCL Institute of Ophthalmology BMRC, Moorfields Eye Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.

Background: Thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO) is the most frequent extrathyroidal manifestation of Graves' disease, affecting up to 50% of patients. It has a great impact on quality of life. Rituximab (RTX) is a human/murine chimeric monoclonal antibody that targets the CD20 receptor on B-lymphocytes. Read More

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The Value of Transrectal Ultrasound in the Preoperative Diagnosis of Complex Anal Fistula (CAF): Based on a Retrospective Cohort Study.

Comput Math Methods Med 2022 31;2022:6411935. Epub 2022 May 31.

Department of Ultrasonography, Wangjing Hospital, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing 100102, China.

Objective: A case-control study was employed to retrospectively analyze the value of transrectal ultrasound in the preoperative diagnosis of complex anal fistula (CAF).

Methods: The clinical data of 128 patients with CAF treated in our hospital from March 2019 to June 2021 were analyzed retrospectively. All patients were examined by transrectal ultrasound and MRI with Hitachi HI Vision Ascendus ultrasound diagnostic apparatus and MRI. Read More

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Changes in Accommodative and Binocular Function following Phakic Intraocular Lens for High and Low-to-Moderate Myopia.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022 May 31;19(11). Epub 2022 May 31.

Miranza Group, C/Galileo 104, 28003 Madrid, Spain.

The aim was to evaluate accommodative and binocular function of phakic intraocular lens implantable collamer lens (ICL) in high and low-to-moderate myopia. Prospective comparative cohort study with 38 myopic patients who underwent ICL implantation were divided into two groups of 19 patients, each one based on the spherical equivalent (SE): high-power (SE ≤ -6 D) and low-to-moderate (SE > -6 D). The push-up amplitude of accommodation (AA), monocular accommodative facility (MAF), distance and near ocular deviation, near convergence amplitude, near point convergence (NPC), stereopsis, and accommodative convergence/accommodation (AC/A) ratio were assessed before surgery and 1 week and 1 month postoperatively. Read More

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Comparison of Short-Term Effects of Treatment of Accommodative Infacility with Low Plus Addition in Single Vision Rx or Vision Therapy: A Pilot Study.

Clin Optom (Auckl) 2022 2;14:83-92. Epub 2022 Jun 2.

Department of Optometry, Radiography and Lighting Design, Faculty of Health and Social Sciences, University of South-Eastern Norway, Kongsberg, Norway.

Purpose: To compare the short-term treatment effect of low plus reading addition (ADD) and home-based vision therapy (VT) in a small group of symptomatic children with accommodative infacility (AIF) being the most significant dysfunction.

Methods: Nineteen children, 8 to 12 years of age, with a first-time diagnosis of AIF were consecutively and alternately allocated to treatment with ADD (+0.50 D addition in single vision Rx) or VT (accommodation exercises using Hart Charts) for a period of 6 weeks. Read More

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Adjunctive steroid therapy versus antibiotics alone for acute endophthalmitis after intraocular procedure.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2022 06 6;6:CD012131. Epub 2022 Jun 6.

Stein Eye Institute, UCLA, Los Angeles, California, USA.

Background: Endophthalmitis refers to severe infection within the eye that involves the aqueous humor or vitreous humor, or both, and that threatens vision. Most cases of endophthalmitis are exogenous (i.e. Read More

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Trends in low vision service utilisation: A retrospective study based on general population healthcare claims.

Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 2022 Jul 4;42(4):828-838. Epub 2022 Apr 4.

Ophthalmology Department, Amsterdam UMC, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Purpose: To identify parameters associated with the downward trend in the uptake of Low Vision Services (LVS) in the Netherlands.

Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted based on a Dutch national health insurance claims database (Vektis CV) of all adults (≥18 years) who received LVS from 2015 until 2018. Descriptive statistics were used to assess socio-demographic, clinical and contextual characteristics and other healthcare utilisation of the study population. Read More

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Myopia in Bulgarian school children: prevalence, risk factors, and health care coverage.

BMC Ophthalmol 2022 Jun 4;22(1):248. Epub 2022 Jun 4.

Faculty of Mathematics and Informatics, Sofia University, 5 James Bourchier Blvd., 1164, Sofia, Bulgaria.

Background: The prevalence of myopia has increased in recent years, with changes being dynamic and uneven in different regions. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the prevalence of visual impairment caused by myopia in Bulgarian school children, associated risk factors, and health care coverage.

Methods: A cross-sectional study among 1401 children (mean age 10. Read More

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Visual perception and macular integrity in non-classical CLN2 disease.

Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2022 Jun 2. Epub 2022 Jun 2.

Department of Ophthalmology, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Martinistraße 52, 20246, Hamburg, Germany.

Purpose: Patients with CLN2 suffer from epileptic seizures, rapid psychomotor decline and vision loss in early childhood. The aim of the study was to provide longitudinal ophthalmic data of patients with confirmed genetic mutation and non-classical disease course, marked by later onset, protracted progression and prolonged life span.

Methods: Prospective, observational study to assess visual acuity, retinal features (Weil Cornell Ophthalmic Score), central retinal thickness (CRT) measured by optical coherence tomography and general disease progression (Hamburg CLN2 motor language score) in non-classical CLN2 patients. Read More

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Real World Data Comparison of Standard Care vs SDM Laser Vision Protection Therapy for Prevention of Neovascular AMD.

Clin Ophthalmol 2022 24;16:1555-1568. Epub 2022 May 24.

Regulatory Pathways, Inc, Laguna Beach, CA, USA.

Purpose: To access the impact of regular periodic subthreshold diode micropulse laser (SDM) as Vision Protection Therapy on the rate of neovascular conversion of dry age-related macular degeneration (AMD).

Methods: Patient unidentified clinical data aggregated by Vestrum Health, LLC (VH) from 300 retina specialists across the United States was analyzed to examine the effect of a program of regular periodic panmacular low-intensity/high-density subthreshold diode micropulse laser as vision protection therapy (VPT) compared to standard care alone, on the incidence of neovascular conversion in patients with dry age-related macular degeneration (AMD), between January 4, 2016, and September 30, 2020, producing 392,250 eyes for study.

Results: After applying inclusion and exclusion criteria, eyes were matched by propensity scoring for key risk factors. Read More

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Deterministic Lateral Displacement (DLD) Analysis Tool Utilizing Machine Learning towards High-Throughput Separation.

Micromachines (Basel) 2022 Apr 23;13(5). Epub 2022 Apr 23.

School of Engineering and Computer Science, Washington State University Vancouver, 14204 NE Salmon Creek Ave, Vancouver, WA 98686, USA.

Deterministic lateral displacement (DLD) is a microfluidic method for the continuous separation of particles based on their size. There is growing interest in using DLD for harvesting circulating tumor cells from blood for further assays due to its low cost and robustness. While DLD is a powerful tool and development of high-throughput DLD separation devices holds great promise in cancer diagnostics and therapeutics, much of the experimental data analysis in DLD research still relies on error-prone and time-consuming manual processes. Read More

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Treatment of Inherited Retinal Dystrophies with Somatic Cell Therapy Medicinal Product: A Review.

Life (Basel) 2022 May 9;12(5). Epub 2022 May 9.

Pediatric Ophthalmology Unit, Children's Hospital A. Meyer-University of Florence, 50139 Florence, Italy.

Inherited retinal dystrophies and retinal degenerations related to more common diseases (i.e., age-related macular dystrophy) are a major issue and one of the main causes of low vision in pediatric and elderly age groups. Read More

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Deep Learning-Based Reconstruction vs. Iterative Reconstruction for Quality of Low-Dose Head-and-Neck CT Angiography with Different Tube-Voltage Protocols in Emergency-Department Patients.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2022 May 21;12(5). Epub 2022 May 21.

Imaging and Artificial Vision (ImViA) Laboratory-EA 7535, University of Bourgogne/Franche-Comté, 9 10 Avenue Alain Savary, BP 47870, 21078 Dijon, France.

Objective: To compare the image quality of computed tomography angiography of the supra-aortic arteries (CTSA) at different tube voltages in low doses settings with deep learning-based image reconstruction (DLR) vs. hybrid iterative reconstruction (H-IR).

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 102 patients who underwent CTSA systematically reconstructed with both DLR and H-IR. Read More

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Antibiotic prophylaxis for corneal abrasion.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2022 05 27;5:CD014617. Epub 2022 May 27.

Department of public health, General Directorate of Health Affairs Aseer Region, Abha, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Corneal abrasion is a common disorder frequently faced by ophthalmologists, emergency physicians, and primary care physicians. Ocular antibiotics are one of the management options for corneal abrasion. A comprehensive summary and synthesis of the evidence on antibiotic prophylaxis in traumatic corneal abrasion is thus far unavailable, therefore we conducted this review to evaluate the current evidence regarding this important issue. Read More

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Sequential epiretinal stimulation improves discrimination in simple shape discrimination tasks only.

J Neural Eng 2022 Jun 9;19(3). Epub 2022 Jun 9.

Research and Exploratory Development Department, Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, Laurel, MD, United States of America.

. Electrical stimulation of the retina can elicit flashes of light called phosphenes, which can be used to restore rudimentary vision for people with blindness. Functional sight requires stimulation of multiple electrodes to create patterned vision, but phosphenes tend to merge together in an uninterpretable way. Read More

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Screening for Glaucoma in Adults: Updated Evidence Report and Systematic Review for the US Preventive Services Task Force.

JAMA 2022 05;327(20):1998-2012

Casey Eye Institute, Department of Ophthalmology, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland.

Importance: Two 2013 systematic reviews to inform the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) found insufficient evidence to assess benefits and harms of screening for primary open-angle glaucoma (OAG) in adults.

Objective: To update the 2013 reviews on screening for glaucoma, to inform the USPSTF.

Data Sources: Ovid MEDLINE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (to February 2021); surveillance through January 21, 2022. Read More

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[Ocular abnormalities of children born prematurely at the Yaoundé Gynaeco-Obstetrics And Pediatric Hospital].

J Fr Ophtalmol 2022 Jun 18;45(6):633-639. Epub 2022 May 18.

Faculté de médecine et des sciences biomédicales, université de Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroun; Hôpital gynéco-obstétrique et pédiatrique de Yaoundé, Yaoundé, Cameroun.

Purpose: To identify ocular abnormalities in premature children in order to treat reversible visual disorders and help prevent low vision and blindness in this population at risk.

Methodology: This was a cross-sectional, analytical study carried out from November 1, 2018 to July 31, 2019 at the Yaoundé Gyneco-Obstetric And Pediatric Hospital, including premature children, aged 3 to 15 years. The variables studied were age, sex, prenatal, birth and past ophthalmological history, visual acuity, oculomotor examination and fundus examination. Read More

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Hepatic cortical blindness: a case report and comprehensive literature review.

Am J Med Sci 2022 May 16. Epub 2022 May 16.

Department of Gastroenterology, The Affiliated Hospital of Northwest University, Xi'an No.3 Hospital, Xi'an, Shaanxi, China.

Hepatic cortical blindness is an unusual clinical complication of hepatic encephalopathy, and its epidemiology has not been studied in detail. Herein, we present a case report of a 37-year-old male with liver cirrhosis and immunoglobulin A nephropathy who noted visual impairment after eating high-protein food. In addition to the case report, all previously documented cases of hepatic cortical blindness occurring across the globe published from inception until August 2019 were reviewed. Read More

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International collaboration for the development of clinical guidelines in low and middle-income countries: case study on the development of a national framework and clinical guidelines for diabetic retinopathy in Ghana.

Eye (Lond) 2022 05;36(Suppl 1):12-16

Eye Care Unit, Ghana Health Service, Accra, Ghana.

Background: Diabetic retinopathy is a leading cause of blindness in many countries across the world. Ghana has seen a rise in diabetic retinopathy and is working on various strategies to prevent blindness. Clinical guidelines are seen as a promising strategy for improving quality and reducing cost of care. Read More

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Does a knee joint position sense test make functional sense? Comparison to an obstacle clearance test following anterior cruciate ligament injury.

Phys Ther Sport 2022 May 11;55:256-263. Epub 2022 May 11.

Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.

Objectives: To evaluate knee joint position sense (JPS) among individuals with anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR), cleared for return to sport, and investigate whether JPS errors are associated with outcomes of a functional obstacle clearance test (OC; downward vision occluded).

Design: Cross-sectional.

Setting: Controlled laboratory. Read More

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Effects of the Intermittent Theta Burst Stimulation of the Cerebellar Vermis on Balance Recovery After Stroke: A Study Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial.

Front Aging Neurosci 2022 29;14:881311. Epub 2022 Apr 29.

Department of Rehabilitation, Wuxi Tongren Rehabilitation Hospital, Wuxi, China.

Background: The recovery of balance function is a critical segment in the rehabilitation treatment of stroke. The cerebellum is considered as the key structure involved in balance and motor control. The cerebellar vermis plays an important role in integrating vision, proprioception, and sensory skin input and may be a candidate stimulation target for regulating the motor network related with balance. Read More

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Association Between Visual Acuity and Residual Retinal Fluid Following Intravitreal Anti-Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Treatment for Neovascular Age-Related Macular Degeneration: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

JAMA Ophthalmol 2022 Jun;140(6):611-622

Department of Ophthalmology and Vision Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Importance: The association between residual subretinal fluid (SRF) and intraretinal fluid (IRF) and visual acuity following anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) treatment is not well understood.

Objective: To examine the association of residual retinal fluid, SRF, and IRF with visual acuity following anti-VEGF treatment in patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD).

Data Sources: A systematic literature search was performed from January 2005 to August 2021 using Ovid MEDLINE, Embase, and the Cochrane Library. Read More

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Optic chiasmatic potential by endoscopically implanted skull base microinvasive biosensor: a brain-machine interface approach for anterior visual pathway assessment.

Theranostics 2022 11;12(7):3273-3287. Epub 2022 Apr 11.

The Eye Hospital, School of Ophthalmology & Optometry, Wenzhou Medical University; Wenzhou 325027, China.

Visually evoked potential (VEP) is widely used to detect optic neuropathy in basic research and clinical practice. Traditionally, VEP is recorded non-invasively from the surface of the skull over the visual cortex. However, its trace amplitude is highly variable, largely due to intracranial modulation and artifacts. Read More

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