28,764 results match your criteria Liver Trauma


Creation and application of war trauma treatment simulation software for first aid on the battlefield based on undeformed high-resolution sectional anatomical image (Chinese Visible Human dataset).

BMC Med Educ 2022 Jun 26;22(1):498. Epub 2022 Jun 26.

Department of Digital Medicine, College of Biomedical Engineering and Medical Imaging, Third Military Medical University (Army Medical University), No. 30, Gaotanyan Street, Shapingba District, 400038, Chongqing, China.

Background: Effective first aid on the battlefield is vital to minimize deaths caused by war trauma and improve combat effectiveness. However, it is difficult for junior medical students, which have relatively poor human anatomy knowledge and first aid experience. Therefore, we aim to create a treatment simulation software for war trauma, and to explore its application for first aid training. Read More

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Liquiritigenin protects against myocardial ischemic by inhibiting oxidative stress, apoptosis, and L-type Ca channels.

Phytother Res 2022 Jun 23. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

College of Integrative Medicine, Hebei University of Chinese Medicine, Shijiazhuang, China.

Liquiritigenin (Lq) offers cytoprotective effects against various cardiac injuries, but its beneficial effects on myocardial ischemic (MI) injury and the related mechanisms remain unclear. In the in vivo study, an animal model of MI was induced by intraperitoneal injection of isoproterenol (Iso, 85 mg/kg). ECG, heart rate, serum levels of CK and CK-MB, histopathological changes, and reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels were all measured. Read More

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Systemic injury caused by taurocholate-induced severe acute pancreatitis in rats.

Exp Ther Med 2022 Jul 26;24(1):468. Epub 2022 May 26.

Shenzhen Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital, The Fourth Clinical Medical College of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Shenzhen, Guangdong 518033, P.R. China.

Systemic injury plays a central role in severe acute pancreatitis (SAP). Retrograde biliopancreatic duct infusion of sodium taurocholate (NaT) is commonly used to establish SAP animal models. To better characterize the systemic injury in this model, SAP was induced in Sprague-Dawley rats by NaT administration (3. Read More

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COVID-19 Impact on Australian Patients with Substance Use Disorders: Emergency Department Admissions in Western Sydney before Vaccine Roll Out.

Vaccines (Basel) 2022 Jun 1;10(6). Epub 2022 Jun 1.

Storr Liver Centre, The Westmead Institute for Medical Research, The University of Sydney and Westmead Hospital, Westmead, NSW 2145, Australia.

Background: In this study, we determined the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on Western Sydney patients with substance use disorders (SUD) by comparing emergency department (ED) admission rates before and after the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic and before the rollout of COVID-19 vaccination.

Methods: ED admission data for patients with SUD were retrieved from the local electronic medical record (eMR) on the hospital central database. ED data collected from 25 January to 25 July 2019 (before the COVID-19 pandemic) were compared with data from 25 January to 25 July 2020 (early pandemic). Read More

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Evaluation of the Effect of Wheat Germ Oil and Olmutinib on the Thioacetamide-Induced Liver and Kidney Toxicity in Mice.

Life (Basel) 2022 Jun 15;12(6). Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Department of Anatomy, College of Medicine, King Khalid University Hospital, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia.

Thioacetamide (TAA) intoxication produces a reproducible standard animal model of induced liver and kidney injuries where free radicals are produced by phase I oxidation reactions, which eventually leads to liver and kidney failure. Wheat germ oil (WGO) is a unique food supplement with concentrated nutrient efficiency and has remarkable antioxidant functions. Olmutinib, on the other hand, is a chemotherapy drug considered safe for kidneys and the liver. Read More

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Intracholecystic versus Intravenous Indocyanine Green (ICG) Injection for Biliary Anatomy Evaluation by Fluorescent Cholangiography during Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy: A Case-Control Study.

J Clin Med 2022 Jun 17;11(12). Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Department of Surgical Sciences, Sapienza University of Rome, 00161 Rome, Italy.

(1) Background: Fluorescence cholangiography has been proposed as a method for improving the visualization and identification of extrahepatic biliary anatomy in order to possibly reduce injuries and related complications. The most common method of indocyanine green (ICG) administration is the intravenous route, whereas evidence on direct ICG injection into the gallbladder is still quite limited. We aimed to compare the two different methods of ICG administration in terms of the visualization of extrahepatic biliary anatomy during laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC), analyzing differences in the time of visualization, as well as the efficacy, advantages, and disadvantages of both modalities. Read More

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Actuarial Patency Rates of Hepatico-Jejunal Anastomosis after Repair of Bile Duct Injury at a Reference Center.

J Clin Med 2022 Jun 13;11(12). Epub 2022 Jun 13.

Department of General, Transplant & Liver Surgery, University Medical Center, Medical University of Warsaw, Banacha 1a, 02-097 Warsaw, Poland.

Background: Bile duct injury complicates patients' lives, despite the subsequent repair. Repairing the injury must restore continuity of the bile tree and bring the patient into a state of cure referred to as "patency". Actuarial primary or actuarial secondary patency rates, depending on whether the patient underwent primary or secondary repair of injury, are proposed to be a proper metric in evaluating outcomes. Read More

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Liver Trauma: Management in the Emergency Setting and Medico-Legal Implications.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2022 Jun 13;12(6). Epub 2022 Jun 13.

Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Foggia, 71100 Foggia, Italy.

Traumatic abdominal injuries are life-threatening emergencies frequently seen in the Emergency Department (ED). The most common is liver trauma, which accounts for approximately 5% of all ED admissions for trauma. The management of blunt liver trauma has evolved significantly over the past few decades and, according to the injury's severity, it may require massive resuscitation, radiological procedures, endoscopy, or surgery. Read More

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Imaging Features of Post Main Hepatectomy Complications: The Radiologist Challenging.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2022 May 26;12(6). Epub 2022 May 26.

Radiology Division, Istituto Nazionale Tumori-IRCCS-Fondazione G. Pascale, Via Mariano Semmola, 80131 Naples, Italy.

In the recent years, the number of liver resections has seen an impressive growth. Usually, hepatic resections remain the treatment of various liver diseases, such as malignant tumors, benign tumors, hydatid disease, and abscesses. Despite technical advancements and tremendous experience in the field of liver resection of specialized centers, there are moderately high rates of postoperative morbidity and mortality, especially in high-risk and older patient populations. Read More

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Effect of L. on the Efficacy and Toxicity of Doxorubicin in Mice Bearing Ehrlich Ascites Carcinoma.

Antioxidants (Basel) 2022 May 31;11(6). Epub 2022 May 31.

Indian Council of Medical Research, National Institute of Traditional Medicine, Belagavi 590010, Karnataka, India.

Background And Objective: Doxorubicin is a widely used chemotherapeutic agent that causes oxidative stress leading to cardiotoxicity, hepatotoxicity, and nephrotoxicity. In contrast, L. has been recorded as an anticancer agent and found to be protective against multiple chemical-induced organ injuries, including heart, liver, and kidney injuries. Read More

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Alanyl-Glutamine Protects against Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Liver Injury in Mice via Alleviating Oxidative Stress, Inhibiting Inflammation, and Regulating Autophagy.

Antioxidants (Basel) 2022 May 27;11(6). Epub 2022 May 27.

Institute of Drug Discovery Technology, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211, China.

Acute liver injury is a worldwide problem with a high rate of morbidity and mortality, and effective pharmacological therapies are still urgently needed. Alanyl-glutamine (Ala-Gln), a dipeptide formed from L-alanine and L-glutamine, is known as a protective compound that is involved in various tissue injuries, but there are limited reports regarding the effects of Ala-Gln in acute liver injury. This present study aimed to investigate the protective effects of Ala-Gln in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute liver injury in mice, with a focus on inflammatory responses and oxidative stress. Read More

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Large intraosseous chronic expanding hematoma after total hip arthroplasty presenting with chronic disseminated intravascular coagulation: a case report and literature review.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2022 Jun 24;23(1):609. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Kanazawa University, Takaramachi 13-1, Kanazawa, Ishikawa, 920-8641, Japan.

Background: A chronic expanding hematoma (CEH) is a rare complication caused by surgery or trauma; it mostly affects the soft tissues, such as those in the trunk or extremities. We present the first case of a large intraosseous CEH presenting with chronic disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), 22 years after total hip arthroplasty (THA); the CEH was treated with a single-stage excision and revision THA.

Case Presentation: A 67-year-old man presented to our hospital with left thigh pain and an enlarging mass. Read More

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Liver Regeneration in Chronic Liver Injuries: Basic and Clinical Applications Focusing on Macrophages and Natural Killer Cells.

Cell Mol Gastroenterol Hepatol 2022 Jun 20. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Central Laboratory, Department of Liver Diseases, Shuguang Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai, China. Electronic address:

Backgroud And Aims: Liver regeneration is a necessary but complex process involving multiple cell types besides hepatocytes. Mechanisms underlying liver regeneration after partial hepatectomy (PHx) and acute liver injury (ALI) have been well described. However, in patients with chronic and severe liver injury, the remnant liver cannot completely restore the liver mass and function, thereby involving liver progenitor-like cells (LPLCs) and various immune cells. Read More

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Global, regional, and national burden of hepatitis B, 1990-2019: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019.

Authors:

Lancet Gastroenterol Hepatol 2022 Jun 20. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Background: Combating viral hepatitis is part of the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and WHO has put forth hepatitis B elimination targets in its Global Health Sector Strategy on Viral Hepatitis (WHO-GHSS) and Interim Guidance for Country Validation of Viral Hepatitis Elimination (WHO Interim Guidance). We estimated the global, regional, and national prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV), as well as mortality and disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) due to HBV, as part of the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) 2019. This included estimates for 194 WHO member states, for which we compared our estimates to WHO elimination targets. Read More

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Traumatic gastric laceration with injury of splenic and celiac vessel following intentional self-harm by crashing of motor vehicle: A case report.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2022 Jun 24;78:103827. Epub 2022 May 24.

Kathmandu University School of Medical Sciences, Dhulikhel Hospital, Dhulikhel, 45210, Nepal.

Intra-abdominal injury due to blunt trauma accounts for 5-10% of all traumatic cases. It usually occurs secondary to motor vehicle collision, pedestrian injury, and falls. Typically these result in injury to solid abdominal organs-liver and spleen, hollow visceral organs, and rarely the abdominal vasculature. Read More

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Role of Contrast Enhanced Ultrasound (CEUS) in the Paediatric Population with Blunt Abdominal Trauma: A Prospective Study from a Single Center Experience for Paediatric Blunt Abdominal Trauma.

Maedica (Bucur) 2022 Mar;17(1):44-51

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Democritus University of Thrace, University Hospital of Alexandroupolis, Dragana, Alexandroupolis, 68100, Greece, ORCID ID: 0000-0003-0817-6513.

The aim of our study is to evaluate the diagnostic ability of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) in pediatric population with history of blunt abdominal trauma (BAT). In an eight-year period (1/2012-1/2020), fifty-nine children (4-14 years old) were transferred to the Emergency Department with referred BAT. The initial imaging method was ultrasound scan (US). Read More

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Normothermic regional perfusion in liver transplantation from donation after cardiocirculatory death: Technical, biochemical, and regulatory aspects and review of literature.

Artif Organs 2022 Jun 22. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Hepatobiliary Surgery and Liver Transplantation, University of Pisa Medical School Hospital, Pisa, Italy.

Background: Organs from donation after circulatory death (DCD) are increasingly used for liver transplantation, due to the persisting organ shortage and waiting list mortality. However, the use of DCD grafts is still limited by the inferior graft survival rate and the increased risk of primary non-function and biliary complications when compared to brain death donors' grafts.

Methods: Abdominal normothermic regional perfusion with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is an in situ preservation strategy. Read More

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Outcomes and management of delayed complication after severe blunt liver injury.

BMC Surg 2022 Jun 22;22(1):241. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Department of Surgery, Fukuyama City Hospital, 5-23-1 Zao, Fukuyama, Hiroshima, 721-8511, Japan.

Background: The treatment of delayed complications after liver trauma such as bile leakage (BL) and hepatic artery pseudoaneurysms (HAPs) is difficult. The purpose of this study is to investigate the outcomes and management of post-traumatic BL and HAPs.

Methods: We retrospectively evaluated patients diagnosed with blunt liver injury, graded by the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma Liver Injury Scale, who were admitted to our hospital between April 2010 and December 2019. Read More

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Allicin attenuated hepatic ischemia/reperfusion injury in mice by regulating PPARγ-IRAK-M-TLR4 signal pathway.

Food Funct 2022 Jun 22. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Department of Anesthesiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400016, China.

: Hepatic ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury to the liver is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality following liver surgery, trauma, and hemorrhagic shock. It was reported that allicin, a type of garlic compound, had a protective effect against other hepatic diseases. Allicin's ability to protect against liver injury caused by ischemic reperfusion remains unknown. Read More

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Cloxacillin-induced acute vanishing bile duct syndrome: a case study and literature review.

Br J Clin Pharmacol 2022 Jun 21. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Laboratory Medicine, Halton Healthcare, Oakville, ON, Canada.

Ductopenia is often regarded as a chronic process where ≥50% of portal tracts lack bile ducts, which is also known as vanishing bile duct syndrome (VBDS). One etiology is drug-induced liver injury. Cloxacillin, an anti-staphylococcal penicillin, typically causes "bland" cholestasis. Read More

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The Blunt Liver and Spleen Trauma (BLAST) audit: national survey and prospective audit of children with blunt liver and spleen trauma in major trauma centres.

Authors:

Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg 2022 Jun 21. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Purpose: To compare the reported and observed management of UK children with blunt liver or spleen injury (BLSI) to the American Pediatric Surgical Association (APSA) 2019 BLSI guidance.

Methods: UK Paediatric Major Trauma Centres (pMTCs) undertook 1 year of prospective data collection on children admitted to or discussed with those centres with BLSI and an online questionnaire was distributed to all consultants who care for children with BLSI in those centres.

Results: All 21/21 (100%) pMTCs participated; 131 patients were included and 100/152 (65%) consultants responded to the survey. Read More

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REDOX REDUX? Glutamine, Catabolism, and the Urea-to-Creatinine Ratio as a Novel Nutritional Metric.

Crit Care Med 2022 Jul 13;50(7):1156-1159. Epub 2022 Jun 13.

Both authors: Division of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, Department of Surgery, Los Angeles County + USC Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA.

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Comparison of Application of MD-VF-Auto SEM Method and Plankton Gene Multiplex PCR System in the Diagnosis of Drowning.

Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi 2022 Feb;38(1):114-118

Huadu District Branch of Guangzhou Public Security Bureau, Guangzhou 510800, China.

Objectives: To compare the application effect of microwave digestion - vacuum filtration - automated scanning electron microscopy (MD-VF-Auto SEM) method and plankton gene multiplex PCR system in the diagnosis of drowning.

Methods: Lung, liver and kidney tissue of 10 non-drowning cases and 50 drowning cases were prepared for further MD-VF-Auto SEM method analysis and plankton gene multiplex PCR system analysis. The positive detection rate of the two methods in each tissue was calculated. Read More

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February 2022

Application of Diatoms Quantitative Analysis in the Diagnosis of Drowning.

Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi 2022 Feb;38(1):110-113

Guangzhou Forensic Science Institute & Key Laboratory of Forensic Pathology, Ministry of Public Security, Guangzhou 510442, China.

Objectives: To retrospectively analyze diatom test cases of corpses in water and discuss the value of quantitative analysis of diatoms in the diagnosis of drowning.

Methods: A total of 490 cases of water-related death were collected. They were divided into drowning group and postmortem immersion group according to the cause of death. Read More

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February 2022

Effects of Digestive Temperature and Time on Diatom Test.

Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi 2022 Feb;38(1):77-81

Guangzhou Forensic Science Institute & Key Laboratory of Forensic Pathology, Ministry of Public Security, Guangzhou 510442, China.

Objectives: To study the effects of temperature and time for diatoms digestion and find out suitable digestive temperature and time.

Methods: Eighty pieces of liver tissues were collected, each piece of tissue was 2 g, and 2 mL Pearl River water was added to each piece of tissue. The digestion temperature was set at 100 ℃, 120 ℃, 140 ℃, 160 ℃, 180 ℃ and the digestion time was set at 40, 50, 60, 70, 80 min. Read More

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February 2022

Pathway of Diatoms Enter Experimental Rabbits through the Lymphatic System of the Digestive Tract.

Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi 2022 Feb;38(1):67-70

Guangzhou Forensic Science Institute & Key Laboratory of Forensic Pathology, Ministry of Public Security, Guangzhou 510442, China.

Objectives: To study whether diatoms can enter the body through the lymphatic system of the digestive tract.

Methods: Twenty experimental rabbits were divided into the test group and the control group randomly, and intragastric administration was performed with 20 mL water sample from the Pearl River and 20 mL ultrapure water, respectively. After 30 min, lymph, lungs, livers and kidneys were extracted for the diatom test. Read More

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February 2022

Construction and Application of YOLOv3-Based Diatom Identification Model of Scanning Electron Microscope Images.

Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi 2022 Feb;38(1):46-52

Department of Forensic Medicine, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 211126, China.

Objectives: To construct a YOLOv3-based model for diatom identification in scanning electron microscope images, explore the application performance in practical cases and discuss the advantages of this model.

Methods: A total of 25 000 scanning electron microscopy images were collected at 1 500× as an initial image set, and input into the YOLOv3 network to train the identification model after experts' annotation and image processing. Diatom scanning electron microscopy images of lung, liver and kidney tissues taken from 8 drowning cases were identified by this model under the threshold of 0. Read More

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February 2022

Evaluation of Inspection Efficiency of Diatom Artificial Intelligence Search System Based on Scanning Electron Microscope.

Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi 2022 Feb;38(1):40-45

Department of Forensic Medicine, Zhongshan School of Medicine, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510080, China.

Objectives: To explore the application values of diatom artificial intelligence (AI) search system in the diagnosis of drowning.

Methods: The liver and kidney tissues of 12 drowned corpses were taken and were performed with the diatom test, the view images were obtained by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Diatom detection and forensic expert manual identification were carried out under the thresholds of 0. Read More

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February 2022

Transcriptomics combined with metabolomics analysis of the mechanism of agmatine in the treatment of septic liver injury.

Ann Transl Med 2022 May;10(10):578

State Key Laboratory of Trauma, Burns and Combined Injury, Department of Wound Infection and Drug, Daping Hospital, Army Medical University, Chongqing, China.

Background: Acute liver injury can occur at any stage of sepsis and is an important sign of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS). Studies have shown that agmatine (AGM) can effectively improve liver injury caused by sepsis. However, due to the numerous metabolites and metabolic pathways of AGM in the human body, its mechanism in treating septic liver injury is unclear. Read More

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Mouse Models of Liver Parenchyma Injuries and Regeneration.

Front Cell Dev Biol 2022 5;10:903740. Epub 2022 May 5.

Department of General Surgery, Ji'an Hospital, Shanghai East Hospital, School of Medicine, Tongji University, Ji'an, China.

Mice have genetic and physiological similarities with humans and a well-characterized genetic background that is easy to manipulate. Murine models have become the most favored, robust mammalian systems for experimental analyses of biological processes and disease conditions due to their low cost, rapid reproduction, a wealth of mouse strains with defined genetic conditions (both native ones as well as ones established experimentally), and high reproducibility with respect to that which can be done in experimental studies. In this review, we focus on murine models for liver, an organ with renown regenerative capacity and the organ most central to systemic, complex metabolic and physiological functions for mammalian hosts. Read More

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