57,227 results match your criteria Liver Metastases

Successful open radical gastrectomy for locally advanced or metastatic gastric cancer patients who suffered from coronavirus disease 2019 during preoperative chemotherapy: a report of three cases.

Surg Case Rep 2022 Jun 24;8(1):124. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Cancer Institute Hospital, Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research, 3-8-31 Ariake, Koto-ku, Tokyo, 135-8550, Japan.

Background: According to previous reports, in patients with preoperative coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection, mortality is increased if they undergo surgery within 6 weeks of diagnosis. However, the optimal timing and preoperative examination for gastrectomy with a previous COVID-19 infection are still controversial. We experienced three cases in which patients successfully underwent open radical gastrectomy following preoperative chemotherapy even though they developed COVID-19 infection during the chemotherapy. Read More

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The Role of Circulating Biomarkers in the Early Detection of Recurrent Colorectal Cancer Following Resection of Liver Metastases.

Front Biosci (Landmark Ed) 2022 Jun;27(6):189

The Royal Marsden Hospital, Department of Academic Surgery, Chelsea, SW3 6JJ London, UK.

On a global scale, colorectal cancer (CRC) is currently the fourth most commonly diagnosed cancer and despite progress in early diagnosis and treatment has the third highest mortality. Patients with oligometastatic disease to the liver may be suitable for liver resection with a curative intent. A sustained progress in perioperative management and surgical techniques, including staged liver resections, has increased the number of patients who may be offered hepatectomy. Read More

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[A Case Report of a Patient with Metastatic Adrenocortical Carcinoma who Received the Combination Etoposide, Doxorubicin, Cisplatin, and Mitotane Therapy and Achieved Remission].

Hinyokika Kiyo 2022 May;68(5):139-143

The Department of Urology, Gifu University Graduate School of Medicine.

A 40-year-old Japanese female was referred to our institution with a high serum lactate dehydrogenase level. Computed tomography (CT) showed a large right adrenal tumor, 14 cm in size without distant metastases. The patient was clinically diagnosed with T2N0M0 adrenocortical carcinoma and underwent right adrenalectomy. Read More

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Interventional oncology procedures for breast cancer metastatic disease: current role and clinical applications.

Diagn Interv Radiol 2022 May;28(3):249-256

2nd Department of Radiology, University General Hospital "Attikon", Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece.

Worldwide, breast cancer constitutes the most common malignant neoplasm among females, impacting 2.1 million women annually. Interventional oncology techniques have been recently added as an additional therapeutic and palliative alternative in breast cancer metastatic disease, concerning mainly osseous, liver, and lung metastasis. Read More

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Nomogram Predicting the Survival of Young-Onset Patients with Colorectal Cancer Liver Metastases.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2022 Jun 4;12(6). Epub 2022 Jun 4.

Department of Radiation Oncology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou 310003, China.

Although the global prevalence of colorectal cancer (CRC) is decreasing, there has been an increase in incidence among young-onset individuals, in whom the disease is associated with specific pathological characteristics, liver metastases, and a poor prognosis. From 2010 to 2016, 1874 young-onset patients with colorectal cancer liver metastases (CRLM) from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database were randomly allocated to training and validation cohorts. Multivariate Cox analysis was used to identify independent prognostic variables, and a nomogram was created to predict cancer-specific survival (CSS) and overall survival (OS). Read More

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The Liver Pre-Metastatic Niche in Pancreatic Cancer: A Potential Opportunity for Intervention.

Cancers (Basel) 2022 Jun 20;14(12). Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Division of Surgical Oncology, Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA.

Cancer-related mortality is primarily a consequence of metastatic dissemination and associated complications. Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is one of the most lethal malignancies and tends to metastasize early, especially in the liver. Emerging evidence suggests that organs that develop metastases exhibit microscopic changes that favor metastatic growth, collectively known as "pre-metastatic niches". Read More

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The Increasing Role of CT-Guided Cryoablation for the Treatment of Liver Cancer: A Single-Center Report.

Cancers (Basel) 2022 Jun 19;14(12). Epub 2022 Jun 19.

Unit of General Surgery 2, Clinica Chirurgica, Department of Medical, Surgical, and Experimental Sciences, University of Sassari, I-07100 Sassari, Italy.

Purpose: Cryoablation (CrA) is a minimally invasive treatment that can be used in primary and metastatic liver cancer. The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of CrA in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and liver metastases.

Methods: We retrospectively evaluated the patients who had CrA for HCC or liver metastases between 2015 and 2020. Read More

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A Fraction of CD8+ T Cells from Colorectal Liver Metastases Preferentially Repopulate Autologous Patient-Derived Xenograft Tumors as Tissue-Resident Memory T Cells.

Cancers (Basel) 2022 Jun 10;14(12). Epub 2022 Jun 10.

Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Biomedicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, 40530 Gothenburg, Sweden.

The diversity of T cells in the human liver may reflect the composition of TILs in CRLM. Our ex vivo characterization of CRLM vs. adjacent liver tissue detected CD103+CD39+CD8+ T cells predominantly in CRLM, which prompted further assessments. Read More

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Pro-Gastrin-Releasing Peptide as a Marker of Small Cell Lung Cancer.

Bull Exp Biol Med 2022 Jun 23. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

N. N. Blokhin National Medical Research Center of Oncology, Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia.

The serum levels of pro-gastrin-releasing peptide (proGRP), neuron-specific enolase (NSE), and chromogranin A (CgA) were studied in 69 patients with small cell lung cancer and 50 apparently healthy donors. A significant increase of all studied biochemical markers was revealed in small cell lung cancer patients, while the highest diagnostic efficiency was demonstrated by proGRP compared to NSE and CgA. ProGRP is a promising biochemical marker of small cell lung cancer, especially sensitive in patients with distant metastases (in the brain, liver, and bones). Read More

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Minimally Invasive Interventional Procedures for Metastatic Bone Disease: A Comprehensive Review.

Curr Oncol 2022 Jun 7;29(6):4155-4177. Epub 2022 Jun 7.

Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology Unit, IRCCS Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Via Pupilli 1, 40136 Bologna, Italy.

Metastases are the main type of malignancy involving bone, which is the third most frequent site of metastatic carcinoma, after lung and liver. Skeletal-related events such as intractable pain, spinal cord compression, and pathologic fractures pose a serious burden on patients' quality of life. For this reason, mini-invasive treatments for the management of bone metastases were developed with the goal of pain relief and functional status improvement. Read More

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Contrast Enhanced Ultrasound with SonoVue and Sonazoid for the Diagnosis of Colorectal Liver Metastasis after Chemotherapy.

J Ultrasound Med 2022 Jun 23. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

Department of Ultrasound, Key Laboratory of Carcinogenesis and Translational Research (Ministry of Education), Peking University Cancer Hospital and Institute, Beijing, China.

Purpose: To compare the diagnostic efficacy of SonoVue and Sonazoid contrast enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in correctly detecting and characterizing colorectal liver metastasis (CRLM) after chemotherapy.

Materials And Methods: Patients with CRLMs treated with chemotherapy and subsequently scheduled for hepatic resection were prospectively enrolled from April 2020 to January 2021. Lesions detected by SonoVue or Sonazoid CEUS were recorded as and characterized as metastases or non-metastatic lesions respectively. Read More

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Para-aortic lymph node involvement should not be a contraindication to resection of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma.

World J Gastrointest Surg 2022 May;14(5):429-441

Department of Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary and Liver Transplant Surgery, University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust, Birmingham B15 2GW, United Kingdom.

Background: Para-aortic lymph nodes (PALN) are found in the aortocaval groove and they are staged as metastatic disease if involved by pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). The data in the literature is conflicting with some studies having associated PALN involvement with poor prognosis, while others not sharing the same results. PALN resection is not included in the standard lymphadenectomy during pancreatic resections as per the International Study Group for Pancreatic Surgery and there is no consensus on the management of these cases. Read More

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Role of surgical treatments in high-grade or advanced gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms.

World J Gastrointest Surg 2022 May;14(5):397-408

Key Laboratory of Integrated Oncology and Intelligent Medicine of Zhejiang Province, Hangzhou 310006, Zhejiang Province, China.

Over the last 40 years, the incidence and prevalence of gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (GEP-NENs) have continued to increase. Compared to other epithelial neoplasms in the same organ, GEP-NENs exhibit indolent biological behavior, resulting in more chances to undergo surgery. However, the role of surgery in high-grade or advanced GEP-NENs is still controversial. Read More

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KRAS Gene Copy Number as a Negative Predictive Biomarker for the Treatment of Metastatic Rectal Cancer With Cetuximab: A Case Report.

Front Oncol 2022 26;12:872630. Epub 2022 May 26.

Department of Abdominal Oncology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

Background: Close to one third of colorectal cancer (CRC) patients are diagnosed with metastatic CRC (mCRC). Patients with wild-type RAS and BRAF usually receive anti-EGFR monoclonal antibody therapy containing cetuximab. Overall, 30-50% of mCRC patients are reported to harbor RAS mutations, and RAS mutation status should be assessed when considering EGFR inhibitor treatment according to mCRC biomarker guidelines. Read More

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A Rare Case of Gestational Choriocarcinoma with Lung and Vaginal Metastases with Obstructive Jaundice.

J Obstet Gynaecol India 2022 Jun 26;72(3):262-264. Epub 2021 Jun 26.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, AIIMS Jodhpur, Flat no. 902, Darshan Tower, Zalim Villas, Paota B Road, Jodhpur, Rajasthan 342001 India.

Choriocarcinoma is a rare highly malignant neoplasm which may present with early metastases as it has a propensity of rapid haematogenous spread. However the neoplasm is chemosensitive and has a good prognosis even in advanced stages. We are presenting a case of a 26 years old female with early pregnancy presented with lung and vaginal metastases with obstructive jaundice. Read More

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Dramatic response to targeted therapy in an aggressive olfactory neuroblastoma: illustrative case.

J Neurosurg Case Lessons 2022 Jun 13;3(24):CASE21663. Epub 2022 Jun 13.

Department of Neurosurgery, University of Oklahoma College of Medicine, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.

Background: Olfactory neuroblastomas are rare sinonasal tumors that arise from the olfactory epithelium. The authors presented a case of an olfactory neuroblastoma with extensive cranial invasion that demonstrated dramatic response to sorafenib, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor.

Observations: A 54-year-old man with history of prostate cancer and melanoma presented with left-sided proptosis and was found to have a 6. Read More

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Cataclysmic Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage: Dreaded Complication of Metastatic Breast Cancer.

Cureus 2022 May 19;14(5):e25149. Epub 2022 May 19.

Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Cheikh Khalifa International University Hospital, Mohammed VI University of Health Sciences (UM6SS), Casablanca, MAR.

Upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) from variceal rupture is a serious condition that can be life-threatening in some cases. Usually, the main cause is portal hypertension in cirrhosis, but other etiologies like liver metastases can be also involved. We present the case of a 64-year-old woman, with a history of metastatic breast cancer, who was admitted for a massive UGIB due to ruptured esophageal varices related to portal hypertension. Read More

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Effectiveness and safety of ultrasound-guided high-intensity focused ultrasound ablation for the treatment of colorectal cancer liver metastases.

Int J Hyperthermia 2022 ;39(1):829-834

Department of Imaging and Interventional Radiology, Zhongshan-Xuhui Hospital of Fudan University/Shanghai Xuhui Central Hospital, Shanghai, China.

Objective: To investigate the effectiveness and safety of high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) ablation for patients with colorectal liver metastases (CRLMs) who were unsuitable for hepatectomy.

Methods: This is a multicenter retrospective study. 238 CRLM patients underwent ultrasound-guided HIFU (USgHIFU) ablation in three medical centers from October 2014 to December 2020. Read More

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ACLP promotes activation of cancer-associated fibroblasts and tumor metastasis via ACLP-PPARγ-ACLP feedback loop in pancreatic cancer.

Cancer Lett 2022 Jun 19:215802. Epub 2022 Jun 19.

Department of Pancreato-Biliary Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, 510080, Guangdong, China. Electronic address:

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is an aggressive malignancy with poor prognosis. Its fibrotic tumor microenvironment (TME) plays a crucial role in promoting tumor invasion and metastasis, which eventually leads to a dismal 5-year survival rate in PDAC patients. Aortic carboxypeptidase-like protein (ACLP) promotes tissue fibrosis in benign diseases. Read More

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Safety and Outcomes of Combined Pancreatic and Hepatic Resections for Metastatic Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors.

Ann Surg Oncol 2022 Jun 22. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Department of Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA.

Background: Approximately 40-50% of patients with pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (pNETs) initially present with distant metastases. Little is known about the outcomes of patients undergoing combined pancreatic and hepatic resections for this indication.

Methods: Patients who underwent hepatectomy for metastatic pNETs at Mayo Clinic Rochester from 2000 to 2020 were retrospectively reviewed. Read More

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[Liver metastases-Non-colorectal, non-endocrine].

Chirurgie (Heidelb) 2022 Jun 22. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Allgemein‑, Viszeral- u. Transplantationschirurgie, Universitätsmedizin Mainz, Langenbeckstr. 1, 55131, Mainz, Deutschland.

In contrast to colorectal and neuroendocrine liver metastases, liver surgery has not yet gained the same status for non-colorectal non-endocrine (NCNE) liver metastases. The main explanation is a different tumor biology but is also due to the lack of effective systemic treatment options for some tumor entities in the past. Even selected chemotherapy-naive patients with NCNE liver metastases can benefit from liver resection. Read More

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Diagnostic Performance in Low- and High-Contrast Tasks of an Image-Based Denoising Algorithm Applied to Radiation Dose-Reduced Multiphase Abdominal CT Examinations.

AJR Am J Roentgenol 2022 Jun 22. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Department of Radiology, Mayo Clinic.

Anatomic redundancy between phases can be used to achieve denoising of multiphase CT examinations. A limitation of iterative reconstruction (IR) techniques is that they generally require use of CT projection data. A frequency-split multiband-filtration algorithm applies denoising to the multiphase CT images themselves. Read More

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Alpelisib induced interstitial lung disease in a patient with advanced breast cancer.

J Oncol Pharm Pract 2022 Jun 22:10781552221107532. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Pulmonary Medicine Department, Acibadem University School of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: Interstitial lung disease interstitial lung disease is a group of respiratory diseases that causes progressive fibrosis. Many of the recently approved oncology drugs are associated with the development of interstitial lung disease as an adverse event. We report an alpelisib-induced interstitial lung disease in a patient with advanced breast cancer. Read More

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Preoperative PDW levels predict pulmonary metastasis in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma.

BMC Cancer 2022 Jun 21;22(1):683. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Department of Internal Medicine, Harbin Medical University Cancer Hospital, Harbin Medical University, Harbin, Heilongjiang, 150081, China.

Background: In hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), pulmonary metastasis (PM) after hepatectomy is associated with poor clinical outcomes. The crucial phases of tumour cell proliferation, angiogenesis, and metastasis all entail platelet activation. In HCC, platelet distribution width (PDW) suggests platelet size changes and predicts a worse prognosis. Read More

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Metachronous peritoneal metastases in patients with pT4b colon cancer: An international multicenter analysis of intraperitoneal versus retroperitoneal tumor invasion.

Eur J Surg Oncol 2022 Jun 11. Epub 2022 Jun 11.

Department of Surgery, Amsterdam UMC, University of Amsterdam, Cancer Center Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; Department of Oncological and Gastrointestinal Surgery, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, the Netherlands. Electronic address:

Background: It was hypothesized that colon cancer with only retroperitoneal invasion is associated with a low risk of peritoneal dissemination. This study aimed to compare the risk of metachronous peritoneal metastases (mPM) between intraperitoneal and retroperitoneal invasion.

Methods: In this international, multicenter cohort study, patients with pT4bN0-2M0 colon cancer who underwent curative surgery were categorized as having intraperitoneal invasion (e. Read More

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Hyperthyroidism due to thyrotropin receptor antibody stimulation of metastatic thyroid carcinoma during lenvatinib treatment: a case report.

Ann Palliat Med 2022 Jun 20. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Department of Breast and Endocrine Surgery, Kanagawa Cancer Center, Yokohama, Japan.

Background: Hyperthyroidism after total thyroidectomy is extremely rare. No studies have investigated hyperthyroidism during multiple kinase inhibitor treatment for advanced thyroid carcinoma.

Case Description: A 57-year-old man with a history of radioactive iodine refracted thyroid follicular carcinoma presented to our hospital with back pain. Read More

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Mixed neuroendocrine-non-neuroendocrine neoplasm of the gallbladder: case report and literature review.

Diagn Pathol 2022 Jun 17;17(1):51. Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Hospital Information Center of Heilongjiang Province Affiliated to Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, 150001, Heilongjiang Province, China.

Background: Mixed neuroendocrine-non-neuroendocrine neoplasms (MiNENs) of the gallbladder are rare malignancies. Here we presented two cases and reviewed the related literature.

Case Presentation: Our two patients were postoperatively diagnosed with gallbladder MiNENs, which pathologically consisted of a large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma and papillary adenocarcinoma. Read More

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Single-session transarterial chemoembolization combined with percutaneous thermal ablation in liver metastases 3 cm or larger.

Diagn Interv Imaging 2022 Jun 14. Epub 2022 Jun 14.

Department of Interventional Radiology, Gustave Roussy-Cancer Center, 94805 Villejuif, France; University of Paris-Saclay, 91190 Saint-Aubin, France.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) combined with percutaneous thermal ablation in patients with liver metastases 3 cm in diameter or larger.

Materials And Methods: This retrospective study included 39 patients with a total of 46 liver metastases treated. There were 14 men and 25 women, with a mean age of 55 ± 13. Read More

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Anti-mucin 4 fluorescent antibody brightly targets colon cancer in patient-derived orthotopic xenograft mouse models: A proof-of-concept study for future clinical applications.

Am J Surg 2022 May 31. Epub 2022 May 31.

Department of Surgery, University of California San Diego, 9300 Campus Point Dr, La Jolla, CA, 92037, USA; VA San Diego Healthcare System, 3350 La Jolla Village Dr., San Diego, CA, 92161, USA. Electronic address:

Background: There is a high rate of positive surgical margins with resection of liver metastases in colorectal cancer (CRC). The present study reports using a fluorescent anti-mucin 4 (MUC4) antibodies to label primary CRC and liver metastases to better visualize tumor margins in mouse models.

Methods: Western blotting for MUC4 protein expression of normal colon and CRC tumor lysates was performed. Read More

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Workflow for high-dimensional flow cytometry analysis of T cells from tumor metastases.

Life Sci Alliance 2022 Oct 3;5(10). Epub 2022 Jun 3.

Experimental Immunology Unit, Ospedale San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy

We describe a multi-step high-dimensional (HD) flow cytometry workflow for the deep phenotypic characterization of T cells infiltrating metastatic tumor lesions in the liver, particularly derived from colorectal cancer (CRC-LM). First, we applied a novel flow cytometer setting approach based on single positive cells rather than fluorescent beads, resulting in optimal sensitivity when compared with previously published protocols. Second, we set up a 26-color based antibody panel designed to assess the functional state of both conventional T-cell subsets and unconventional invariant natural killer T, mucosal associated invariant T, and gamma delta T (γδT)-cell populations, which are abundant in the liver. Read More

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October 2022