18,065 results match your criteria Liver Disease and Pregnancy


Renal histopathology of prolonged acute kidney injury in HELLP syndrome: a case series and literature review.

Int Urol Nephrol 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Nephrology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Shuifuyuan 1, Wangfujing, Beijing, 100730, China.

Purpose: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a severe complication of hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelet count (HELLP) syndrome. However, renal pathological investigation of AKI in this syndrome has rarely been reported. We aimed to evaluate the renal pathological changes of persistent AKI and its relationship with renal outcomes in HELLP syndrome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11255-019-02135-zDOI Listing

Chronic Hepatitis B in Pregnancy.

Clin Liver Dis (Hoboken) 2018 Jul 22;12(1):24-28. Epub 2018 Aug 22.

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Medicine University of California, San Francisco San Francisco CA.

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/cld.727
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cld.727DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6385901PMC
July 2018
1 Read

[HELLP syndrome and hemolytic uremic syndrome during pregnancy: two disease entities, same causation. Case report and literature review].

G Ital Nefrol 2019 Apr;36(2)

Centro per la Cura e lo Studio della Sindrome Emolitico-Uremica. Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milano.

Thrombotic microangiopathies (TMA) are a group of diseases that can complicate pregnancy and threaten the lives of both the mother and the fetus. Several conditions can lead to TMA, including thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP), HELLP syndrome and hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS). We describe the case of a 39-year-old woman who presented a HELLP syndrome in the immediate postpartum period. Read More

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April 2019
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Direct-Acting Oral Anticoagulants (DOACs) in Cirrhosis and Cirrhosis-Associated Portal Vein Thrombosis.

Semin Liver Dis 2019 Apr 12. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Direct-acting oral anticoagulants (DOACs) have provided benefit in patients requiring anticoagulation for certain diseases by decreasing the burden of subcutaneous injections and the requirement for frequent monitoring through regular blood tests, to ensure adequacy of the therapeutic doses. Studies have demonstrated DOACs to be as safe, and in some instance safer, compared with traditional anticoagulants in the general population. However, the studies evaluating DOACs excluded patients with cirrhosis, a condition associated with an increased risk of developing portal vein thrombosis (PVT). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1679934DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and pregnancy complications among Sri Lankan women: A cross sectional analytical study.

PLoS One 2019 12;14(4):e0215326. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Colombo, Colombo, Sri Lanka.

Background: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the commonest cause of liver disease worldwide and is the hepatic manifestation of metabolic syndrome. Effects of NAFLD on pregnancy is still unclear with few studies showing an association to gestational diabetes and pre-eclampsia. We aimed to describe the association between the NAFLD and pregnancy complications. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0215326PLOS
April 2019
1 Read

Delayed Initiation of Hemodialysis in Pregnant Women with Chronic Kidney Disease: Logistical Problems Impact Clinical Outcomes. An Experience from an Emerging Country.

J Clin Med 2019 Apr 8;8(4). Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Unidad de Investigación Médica en Enfermedades Nefrológicas, CMN Siglo XXI, 06720 CdMx, México.

Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with reduction of fertility and increased complications during pregnancy. The aim of this work is to analyze the clinical outcomes and risk factors in pregnant women who needed to start dialysis with different schedules in a public hospital in Mexico City, with particular attention on the interference of social and cultural elements as well as resource limitations.

Material And Methods: CKD women who needed dialysis in pregnancy over the period 2002⁻2014 and had with complete demographic and outcome data were included in this retrospective study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jcm8040475DOI Listing

Liver Diseases During Pregnancy.

Clin Liver Dis 2019 May 26;23(2):345-361. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Section of Hepatology, Division of Digestive Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, Rush University Medical Center, 1725 West Harrison Street, Suite 319, Chicago, IL 60612, USA. Electronic address:

Liver diseases during pregnancy pose a unique clinical challenge because they can affect the lives of both the mother and unborn child. Although severe liver disease is rare, pregnancy-related liver disease affects approximately 3% of pregnancies and can be fatal. Timely recognition and diagnosis are essential in order to institute appropriate management strategies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cld.2018.12.013DOI Listing
May 2019
4 Reads

Effectiveness of tenofovir or telbivudine in preventing HBV vertical transmission for pregnancy.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Apr;98(14):e15092

Department of Gastroenterology, First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, Fujian Province, China.

To evaluate the efficacy and safety of telbivudine (LdT) and tenofovir (TDF) for preventing hepatitis B virus (HBV) vertical transmission for HBV-positive pregnant women.Pregnant women (n = 145) from January 2013 to June 2017 were enrolled when they met inclusion criteria, which included HBV DNA ≥1.0 × 10 copies/mL and increased alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000015092DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Serological and molecular detection of Toxoplasma gondii in terrestrial and marine wildlife harvested for food in Nunavik, Canada.

Parasit Vectors 2019 Apr 3;12(1):155. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Department of Veterinary Microbiology, Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, S7H 5B4, Canada.

Background: Toxoplasma gondii, a zoonotic protozoan parasite, infects mammals and birds worldwide. Infection in humans is often asymptomatic, though illnesses can occur in immunocompromised hosts and the fetuses of susceptible women infected during pregnancy. In Nunavik, Canada, 60% of the Inuit population has measurable antibodies against T. Read More

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https://parasitesandvectors.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.11
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13071-019-3408-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6448294PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Fish oil supplementation during adolescence attenuates metabolic programming of perinatal maternal high-fat diet in adult offspring.

Br J Nutr 2019 Apr 3:1-30. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Instituto de Biofísica Carlos Chagas Filho,Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro,RJ,Brazil.

Perinatal maternal high-fat diet (HFD) increases susceptibility to obesity and fatty liver diseases in adult offspring, which can be attenuated by potent hypolipidemic action of fish oil (FO), an n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid source, during adult life. Previously, we described that adolescent HFD offspring showed resistance to FO hypolipidemic effects, although FO promoted hepatic molecular changes suggestive of reduced lipid accumulation. Here, we investigated whether this FO intervention only during adolescence period could impact the offspring metabolism in adulthood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114519000771DOI Listing

[Acute fatty liver in pregnancy].

Ugeskr Laeger 2019 Mar;181(12)

This case report of a 31-year-old primiparous woman discusses the importance of early diagnosis and treatment of acute fatty liver in pregnancy (AFLP) to prevent maternal or/and foetal death. AFLP is a rare disease, which is characterised by maternal liver dysfunction and/or failure. Because of similar symptoms and laboratory findings AFLP may mimic and is often mistaken for 1) the more frequent HELLP syndrome with haemolysis, elevated liver enzymes and low platelet levels and 2) and severe pre-eclampsia. Read More

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March 2019
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Beyond the lungs: Alpha-1 antitrypsin's potential role in human gestation.

Adv Clin Exp Med 2019 Mar 27. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Department of Genetics and Clinical Immunology, National Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases, Warszawa, Poland.

Alpha-1 antitrypsin (AAT) is an acute-phase protein with strong inhibitory activity towards proteolytic enzymes, mainly elastase but also trypsin, chymotrypsin and thrombin. The biological role of the protein and the effects of its deficiency have been subjects of scientific research for years, yet in many areas our knowledge remains incomplete. Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency (AATD), a defect in AAT synthesis and functionality, is one of the most frequently inherited genetic disorders among Caucasian populations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17219/acem/103668DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Disseminated carcinomatosis of the bone marrow from gastric cancer during pregnancy.

Clin J Gastroenterol 2019 Mar 26. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kumamoto University, 1-1-1 Honjo, Chuo-ku, Kumamoto, 860-8556, Japan.

Gastric cancer during pregnancy is extremely rare and difficult to diagnose at early stages because of its nature. Furthermore, it is often difficult to determine the appropriate treatment strategy considering both the patient's condition and the effect of the treatment on the fetus. We present a case of a 34-year-old woman with gastric cancer who was 22 weeks pregnant and had multiple liver and bone metastases at the time of diagnosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12328-019-00963-1DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Silencing of maternal hepatic glucocorticoid receptor is essential for normal fetal development in mice.

Commun Biol 2019 15;2:104. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Signal Transduction Laboratory, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina USA.

Excessive or chronic stress can lead to a variety of diseases due to aberrant activation of the glucocorticoid receptor (GR), a ligand activated transcription factor. Pregnancy represents a particular window of sensitivity in which excessive stress can have adverse outcomes, particularly on the developing fetus. Here we show maternal hepatic stress hormone responsiveness is diminished via epigenetic silencing of the glucocorticoid receptor during pregnancy. Read More

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http://www.nature.com/articles/s42003-019-0344-3
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s42003-019-0344-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6420645PMC
March 2019
5 Reads

Euglycemic diabetic ketoacidosis.

Eur J Intern Med 2019 Mar 22. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

Department of Internal Medicine F, Soroka Univerity Medical Center, Beer-Sheva, Israel.

Euglycemic DKA (eu-DKA) is a life-threatening emergency. It may occur in patients with both type 1 and type 2 DM, and characterized by milder degrees of hyperglycemia with blood glucose level < 200 mg/dl, which can result in delayed diagnosis and treatment with potential for adverse metabolic consequences. Following the wide introduction of the sodium glucose transporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) in therapeutic practice for DM type 2 treatment the amount of eu-DKA increased and therefore, interest to this entity rose. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejim.2019.03.014DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Mating with seminal vesicle-excised male can affect the uterus phospholipid fatty-acids composition during implantation in an experimental mouse model.

Int Braz J Urol 2019 Mar 20;45. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Women's Reproductive Health Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

Purpose: No comprehensive information is available about uterus fatty acid (FA) change during implantation period and possible effects of the seminal vesicle secretion on it.

Materials And Methods: In this study, we evaluated FA composition of uterus phospholipids during the implantation period in intact and seminal vesicle-excised (SVX) mated female mice. Forty NMRI female mice were divided into control (mated with intact male) and seminal vesicle excised (SVX)-mated (mated with SVX-male) groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1677-5538.IBJU.2018.0485DOI Listing
March 2019
6 Reads
0.956 Impact Factor

Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis in Pregnancy: A Case Series and Review of the Current Literature.

Case Rep Obstet Gynecol 2019 12;2019:9695367. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Kansas Medical Center, 3901 Rainbow Boulevard, Kansas City, KS 66160, USA.

Background: Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a rare disease that can be fatal in pregnancy. We report two cases of severe HLH that highlight etoposide use in pregnancy.

Case 1: 28-year-old G2P1 with lupus presented at 18 weeks with acute hypoxic respiratory failure, hepatic dysfunction, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, and elevated ferritin. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/9695367DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6390238PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Cholestatic pruritus : an update.

Authors:
C De Vloo F Nevens

Acta Gastroenterol Belg 2019 Jan-Mar;82(1):75-82

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University Hospitals Leuven, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

Pruritus is a common, troublesome symptom in patients with cholestatic liver diseases, especially frequent in intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) and in primary biliary cholangitis (PBC). Cholestatic associated pruritus can have profound effects on the quality of life. The underlying mechanism is still poorly understood. Read More

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March 2019
15 Reads

Risk factors of obstetric admissions to the intensive care unit: An 8-year retrospective study.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Mar;98(11):e14835

The Third Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, The Medical Center for Critical Pregnant Women in Guangzhou, Guangzhou, China.

The aim of this study was to identify risk factors among obstetric patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU).The study was conducted in Third Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University during January 1, 2009 and December 31, 2016. A total of 44,817 pregnant women ≥20 weeks of gestational age were scanned. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000014835DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6426550PMC
March 2019
1 Read

The Deletion of TRPC6 Channels Perturbs Iron and Zinc Homeostasis and Pregnancy Outcome in Mice.

Cell Physiol Biochem 2019 15;52(3):455-467. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Université Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, CEA, BIG-LCBM, Grenoble, France.

Background/aims: Transient receptor potential canonical 6 (TRPC6) protein is a nonselective cation channel permitting the uptake of essential elements such as iron (Fe) and zinc (Zn). TRPC6 is found throughout the body with high expression levels in the placenta. However, its role in this organ is still to be determined. Read More

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https://www.cellphysiolbiochem.com/Articles/000033/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.33594/000000033DOI Listing
March 2019
11 Reads
2.875 Impact Factor

Milestones in the discovery of Budd-Chiari syndrome.

Liver Int 2019 Mar 6. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Multivisceral Transplant Unit, Department of Surgery, Oncology and Gastroenterology, Padua University Hospital, Padua, Italy.

In 1845, George Budd published a brief report regarding three patients who developed an obstruction of the hepatic veins. The condition has never been reported before, and was related to sepsis and alcoholism. Fifty-three years later, Hans Chiari postulated that syphilis was causing the obstruction of the hepatic veins, and enriched the debate with clinical and pathological correlations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/liv.14088DOI Listing
March 2019
6 Reads

Metabolomic profiling of maternal hair suggests rapid development of intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy.

Metabolomics 2018 May 26;14(6):79. Epub 2018 May 26.

Liggins Institute, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

Introduction: Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) is a common maternal liver disease; development can result in devastating consequences, including sudden fetal death and stillbirth. Currently, recognition of ICP only occurs following onset of clinical symptoms.

Objective: Investigate the maternal hair metabolome for predictive biomarkers of ICP. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11306-018-1371-7DOI Listing
May 2018
3 Reads

Jaundice and pregnancy.

Med J Aust 2019 Apr 4;210(6):255-257.e1. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

Gold Coast University Hospital, Gold Coast, QLD.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5694/mja2.50057DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Gender development and hepatitis B and C infections among pregnant women in Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Infect Dis Poverty 2019 Mar 4;8(1):16. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

Department for the Control of Disease, Epidemics and Pandemics, Ministry of Public Health, Yaoundé, Cameroon.

Background: Although Africa is a region of hyper endemicity to viral hepatitis B (HBV) and C (HCV) infections, there is limited data on their related burden among pregnant women. The present systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to determine the magnitude of these infections among pregnant women living in Africa and investigate its association with gender-related human development indicators.

Main Text: We searched PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Africa Journal Online, and Global Index Medicus, with no language restriction, to identify observational studies on HBV and HCV infections in pregnant women residing in Africa published from January 1, 2000 until December 31, 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40249-019-0526-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6398223PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Effects of perinatal exposure to BPA, BPF and BPAF on liver function in male mouse offspring involving in oxidative damage and metabolic disorder.

Environ Pollut 2019 Apr 30;247:935-943. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Food Nutrition and Human Health, Department of Applied Chemistry, China Agricultural University, Beijing, 100193, China.

Bisphenols (BPs) are common environmental pollutants that are ubiquitous in the natural environment and can affect human health. In this study, we explored the effects of perinatal exposure to BPA, BPF and BPAF on liver function involving in oxidative damage and metabolic disorders in male mouse offspring. We found that BPA exposure impairs the antioxidant defense system, increases lipid peroxidation, and causes oxidative damage in the liver. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2019.01.116DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

[Impact of cessation of antiviral therapy at delivery on postpartum liver function in mothers with chronic hepatitis B virus infection].

Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi 2019 Feb;27(2):112-117

Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510515, China; Department of Hospital Infection Management, Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510220, China.

To investigate the impact of immediate cessation of antiviral therapy on postpartum liver function and the factors influencing postpartum abnormality in mothers with chronic hepatitis B virus infection. A retrospective cohort study was conducted. One hundred eighty-eight pregnant women with HBV DNA level > 2×106 IU/ml were enrolled from June 2014 to June 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1007-3418.2019.02.008DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

[Clinical characteristics of hepatic flare and efficacy of antiviral therapy in pregnant women with chronic hepatitis B virus infection].

Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi 2019 Feb;27(2):106-111

Department of Infectious Diseases, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang 110022, China.

To analyze the clinical characteristics of hepatic flare and evaluate efficacy of antiviral treatment in pregnant women with chronic HBV infection. A single-center, open-label, prospective study was conducted, and pregnant women with chronic HBV infection were enrolled. Liver function, HBV serum markers and HBV DNA of pregnant women with chronic HBV infection were reviewed during every 4 to 12 weeks of gestation period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1007-3418.2019.02.007DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

[Optimal cessation period of anti-HBV therapy to block mother-to-child transmission].

Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi 2019 Feb;27(2):92-96

Department of Infectious Diseases, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400010, China.

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) carrier woman of childbearing age with high viral load is an important source of vertical transmission of hepatitis b virus from mother-to-child in China. Routine blockade with immunoglobulin combined with hepatitis B vaccine is used for neonates born to pregnant women with high viral load of hepatitis B virus, but in some cases, immunoprophylaxis fails. The main application of antiviral drugs in pregnancy is to reduce the serum viral load, thereby significantly improve the blocking rate of vertical transmission between mother and infant. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1007-3418.2019.02.004DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

[Management of liver dysfunction during pregancy and postpartum in pregnant women who are chronic carriers of hepatitis B virus].

Authors:
X Y Chen X X Wang

Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi 2019 Feb;27(2):88-91

Department of International Medical, Beijing Youan Hospital, Capital Medical University, BeiJing100069, China.

The reports of liver dysfunction during pregnancy or postpartum have gradually increased in pregnant women who are chronic carriers of hepatitis B virus (HBV), but there is no consensus on when to intervene and how to deal with it. This article reviewed recent literature reports and found that pregnant women who are chronic carriers of HBV, regardless of intervention of nucleos(t)ide analogs (NAs), have a certain proportion of hepatitis flares or severe disease during pregnancy and postpartum, suggesting that postpartum drug withdrawal is not always safe, and close follow-up is required. Furthermore, it recommends that treatment should be in accordance to the gestational weeks and ALT levels. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1007-3418.2019.02.003DOI Listing
February 2019

Progress Toward Hepatitis B Control and Elimination of Mother-to-Child Transmission of Hepatitis B Virus - Western Pacific Region, 2005-2017.

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2019 Mar 1;68(8):195-200. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Hepatitis B vaccine (HepB), which has been available since 1982, provides lifelong protection against hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and the associated 20%-30% increased lifetime risk for developing cirrhosis or hepatocellular carcinoma among >95% of vaccine recipients (1). Before HepB introduction into national childhood immunization schedules, the estimated hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) prevalence in the World Health Organization (WHO) Western Pacific Region (WPR)* was >8% in 1990 (2). In 2005, the WPR was the first WHO region to establish a hepatitis B control goal, with an initial target of reducing HBsAg prevalence to <2% among children aged 5 years by 2012. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6808a2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6394384PMC
March 2019
4 Reads

An Observational Study to Evaluate the Maternal and Foetal Outcomes in Pregnancies Complicated with Jaundice.

J Obstet Gynaecol India 2019 Feb 22;69(1):31-36. Epub 2018 Mar 22.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical College, Sion, Mumbai, 400022 India.

Background: Incidence of jaundice in pregnancy, including underlying chronic liver diseases, is 3-5%. However, the maternal mortality rate in some conditions can be as high as 18% in acute fatty liver of pregnancy and 22% in hepatitis E in pregnancy.

Objectives: This is an observational study of the demographics, obstetrical profile, aetiology, maternal morbidity, mortality and neonatal outcomes in pregnancies complicated with jaundice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13224-018-1105-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6361180PMC
February 2019
3 Reads

Epidemiology of acute kidney injury in hospitalized pregnant women in China.

BMC Nephrol 2019 Feb 26;20(1):67. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

The National Clinical Research Center for Kidney Disease, State Key Laboratory of Organ Failure Research, Renal Division, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, 1838 North Guangzhou Ave, Guangzhou, 510515, China.

Background: Epidemiologic data of acute kidney injury (AKI) during pregnancy is lacking in China. This study aims to determine the effect of pregnancy on the risk of AKI among hospitalized women of childbearing age, and to describe the incidence, risk factors and outcomes of AKI in hospitalized pregnant women in China.

Methods: We previously conducted a nationwide, multi-centered cohort of hospitalized patients from 25 hospitals in China during 1/1/2013 to 31/12/2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12882-019-1255-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6390352PMC
February 2019

Post-partum acute kidney injury: sorting placental and non-placental thrombotic microangiopathies using the trajectory of biomarkers.

Nephrol Dial Transplant 2019 Feb 25. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

Sorbonne Université, Urgences Néphrologiques et Transplantation Rénale, Assistance Publique-Hôpital de Paris (APHP), Hôpital Tenon, Paris, France.

Background: Among the severe complications of preeclampsia (PE), acute kidney injury (AKI) is problematic if features of thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) are present. Although a haemolysis enzyme liver low-platelets syndrome is considerably more frequent, it is vital to rule out a flare of atypical haemolytic and uraemic syndrome (aHUS). Our objective was to improve differential diagnosis procedures in post-partum AKI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ndt/gfz025DOI Listing
February 2019
6 Reads

Recently Discovered Interstitial Cell Population of Telocytes: Distinguishing Facts from Fiction Regarding Their Role in the Pathogenesis of Diverse Diseases Called "Telocytopathies".

Medicina (Kaunas) 2019 Feb 18;55(2). Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Institute of Histology and Embryology, Faculty of Medicine, Comenius University in Bratislava, 813 72 Bratislava, Slovakia.

In recent years, the interstitial cells telocytes, formerly known as interstitial Cajal-like cells, have been described in almost all organs of the human body. Although telocytes were previously thought to be localized predominantly in the organs of the digestive system, as of 2018 they have also been described in the lymphoid tissue, skin, respiratory system, urinary system, meninges and the organs of the male and female genital tracts. Since the time of eminent German pathologist Rudolf Virchow, we have known that many pathological processes originate directly from cellular changes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/medicina55020056DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6410178PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Cell-cell contact with proinflammatory macrophages enhances the immunotherapeutic effect of mesenchymal stem cells in two abortion models.

Cell Mol Immunol 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Laboratory for Reproductive Immunology, NHC Key Lab of Reproduction Regulation (Shanghai Institute of Planned Parenthood Research), Shanghai Key Laboratory of Female Reproductive Endocrine Related Diseases, Hospital of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Fudan University Shanghai Medical College, Shanghai, China.

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), which are pluripotent cells with immunomodulatory properties, have been considered good candidates for the therapy of several immune disorders, such as inflammatory bowel diseases, concanavalin A-induced liver injury, and graft-versus-host disease. The embryo is a natural allograft to the maternal immune system. A successful pregnancy depends on the timely extinction of the inflammatory response induced by embryo implantation, followed by the switch to a tolerant immune microenvironment in both the uterus and the system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41423-019-0204-6DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Hepatic adenoma during pregnancy and anesthetic management.

Int J Obstet Anesth 2019 Jan 12. Epub 2019 Jan 12.

Montefiore Medical Center, Jack D Weiler Hospital, Department of Obstetric Anesthesiology, 1825 Eastchester Road, Bronx, NY 10461, United States of America. Electronic address:

We report the case of a 24-year-old woman with a large hepatic adenoma diagnosed in the third trimester of pregnancy. The adenoma was at risk of rupture. She underwent scheduled preterm cesarean delivery under combined spinal-epidural anesthesia, followed by transarterial embolization on postpartum day six. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijoa.2019.01.007DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Association of adverse perinatal outcomes of intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy with biochemical markers: results of aggregate and individual patient data meta-analyses.

Lancet 2019 03 14;393(10174):899-909. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Women and Children's Health, King's College London, London, UK. Electronic address:

Background: Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy is associated with adverse perinatal outcomes, but the association with the concentration of specific biochemical markers is unclear. We aimed to quantify the adverse perinatal effects of intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy in women with increased serum bile acid concentrations and determine whether elevated bile acid concentrations were associated with the risk of stillbirth and preterm birth.

Methods: We did a systematic review by searching PubMed, Web of Science, and Embase databases for studies published from database inception to June 1, 2018, reporting perinatal outcomes for women with intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy when serum bile acid concentrations were available. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01406736183187
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(18)31877-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6396441PMC
March 2019
10 Reads

Management of intrahepatic cholestasis in pregnancy.

Lancet 2019 03 14;393(10174):853-854. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Monash University, Clayton, VIC 3168, Australia. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(18)32323-7DOI Listing
March 2019
45.217 Impact Factor

Prenatal exposure to pyrrolizidine alkaloids induced hepatotoxicity and pulmonary injury in fetal rats.

Reprod Toxicol 2019 Apr 13;85:34-41. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of pharmacology, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430071, China; Hubei Provincial Key Laboratory of Developmentally Originated Diseases, Wuhan 430071, China. Electronic address:

Hepatic and pulmonary toxicity in fetal rats induced by pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs) was investigated. Retrorsine (RTS) or monocrotaline (MCT) was intragastrically administered during pregnancy. The reduction of body and tail lengths was consistent with body weight loss in PA-exposed fetuses, and pathological lesions in liver and lung were observed only in fetuses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.reprotox.2019.02.006DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Sociodemographic Determinants of Preterm Birth and Small for Gestational Age in Rural West Bengal, India.

J Trop Pediatr 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Hepatology, School of Digestive and Liver Diseases, Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education & Research, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

Preterm birth and small for gestational age (SGA) are major contributors to neonatal mortality in India. However, social determinates of preterm births and SGA are poorly characterized. We use population-based data from a health and demographic surveillance system (HDSS) in rural West Bengal, India, to examine risk factors for preterm birth and SGA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmz002DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Noninvasive Tests for Prognosticating Outcomes in Patients With Chronic Liver Disease in Pregnancy: Ready for Prime Time?

Am J Gastroenterol 2019 Feb;114(2):209-211

University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA.

Rates of cirrhosis and pregnancy in women of reproductive age are increasing, making pregnancy-specific prognostic markers of disease severity increasingly important. Gonsalkorala et al. describe albumin-bilirubin score and aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index as superior prognostic tools to the Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score in predicting live births and gestation beyond 37 weeks in pregnant women with cirrhosis, among 165 pregnancies in women with chronic liver disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14309/ajg.0000000000000101DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

ABCB4/MDR3 in health and disease - at the crossroads of biochemistry and medicine.

Biol Chem 2019 Mar 27. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Institute of Biochemistry, Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf, Universitätsstraße 1, D-40225 Düsseldorf, Germany.

Several ABC transporters of the human liver are responsible for the secretion of bile salts, lipids and cholesterol. Their interplay protects the biliary tree from the harsh detergent activity of bile salts. Among these transporters, ABCB4 is essential for the translocation of phosphatidylcholine (PC) lipids from the inner to the outer leaflet of the canalicular membrane of hepatocytes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/hsz-2018-0441DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

The frequency, clinical course, and health related quality of life in adults with Gilbert's syndrome: a longitudinal study.

BMC Gastroenterol 2019 Feb 4;19(1):22. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Faculty of Medicine, Misr University for Science and Technology, Cairo, Egypt.

Background: Gilbert syndrome (GS) is an autosomal recessive inherited disorder of bilirubin glucuronidation which has not been investigated in Egypt. This longitudinal study investigated the frequency, clinical course, genetic profile and health related quality of life in Egyptian adults.

Methods: An initial cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the frequency of Gilbert syndrome among Egyptian adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12876-019-0931-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6360704PMC
February 2019
3 Reads

Body mass index in early pregnancy and future risk of severe liver disease: a population-based cohort study.

Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2019 Mar 3;49(6):789-796. Epub 2019 Feb 3.

Department of Medicine, Solna, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: In young men, high body mass index (BMI) has been linked to liver disease later in life, but it is unclear if this also applies to women.

Aim: To study the association between BMI early in life and development of liver disease later in life in women.

Methods: We obtained data on early pregnancy BMI from 1 139 458 Swedish women between 1992 and 2015. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/apt.15162
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/apt.15162DOI Listing
March 2019
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Increased risk of incident chronic medical conditions in infertile women: analysis of US claims data.

Am J Obstet Gynecol 2019 Jan 30. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Department of Urology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA.

Background: The risk of common chronic medical conditions among infertile women is not known.

Objective: The objective of the study was to study the association between female infertility and the risk of incident chronic disease.

Study Design: This was a retrospective cohort analysis using the Optum deidentified Clinformatics Datamart from 2003 through 2016. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00029378193024
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajog.2019.01.214DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads

Screening for Sexually Transmitted Diseases.

Prim Care 2019 Mar 24;46(1):157-173. Epub 2018 Dec 24.

Residency in General Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Florida Department of Health, Palm Beach County, 800 Clematis, West Palm Beach, FL 33401, USA.

This article discusses sexually transmitted infections (STI) screening and focuses on reportable STIs. This includes gonorrhea, chlamydia, syphilis, and human immunodeficiency virus. Hepatitis B and C, trichomonas, and herpes are covered as well. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pop.2018.10.013DOI Listing
March 2019
6 Reads

Preeclampsia and HELLP syndrome, the role of the liver.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2019 Jan 31:1-7. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

a Optics and Imaging Center, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine , University of KwaZulu-Natal , Durban , South Africa.

Preeclampsia is a multisystemic disorder which accounts for the high prevalence of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality, especially in middle and low-income countries. Currently, the primary intervention is the urgent delivery of the fetus, hence it would be advantageous to identify those who are likely to develop preeclampsia and the maternal and fetal outcomes. However, an array of risk factors makes these challenging. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14767058.2019.1572737DOI Listing
January 2019
14 Reads

Laboratory Diagnostics in Thrombophilia.

Hamostaseologie 2019 Feb 31;39(1):49-61. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Department of Hematology and Oncology, Internal Medicine III, University Hospital Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany.

A thrombophilic disorder is a hereditary or acquired condition that increases the risk of thrombosis. The most common hereditary thrombophilias that predispose to venous thrombosis in the Caucasian population are the heterozygous forms of the factor V Leiden and prothrombin G20210A mutation that are generally detected by direct DNA genotyping. Immunologic antigen assays and chromogenic or clot-based activity assays are used to identify deficiencies in the natural coagulation inhibitors antithrombin, protein C and protein S. Read More

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http://www.thieme-connect.de/DOI/DOI?10.1055/s-0039-1677840
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1677840DOI Listing
February 2019
14 Reads

[Changes of Rheb gene and protein expression in preeclampsia-like mouse model treated with pravastatin].

Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi 2019 Jan;54(1):38-43

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing 100191, China.

To explore whether pravastatin (Pra) inhibits mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signal pathway by regulating Ras homolog enriched in brain (Rheb) protein through the comparison of gene and protein expression changes of Rheb in liver and placenta in preeclampsia (PE)-like mouse model treated with Pra. C57BL/6J pregnant mice were randomly divided into two groups. The PE group was established by injecting N-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) daily at gestational 7-18 days, saline was injected as contol group (Con); then giving mice Pra (PE+Pra, Con+Pra group, =8) or normal saline (PE+N, Con+N group, =8) every day from the 8th gestational day of pregnancy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0529-567x.2019.01.009DOI Listing
January 2019
10 Reads