13,007 results match your criteria Liver Abscess

Utility of loop-mediated isothermal amplification as a point-of-care test in diagnosis of amoebic liver abscess.

Trop Doct 2021 Jun 9:494755211018050. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Professor, Department of General Medicine, Government Medical College and Hospital, Chandigarh, India.

Definitive diagnosis of amoebic liver abscess is challenging owing to the unavailability of sensitive commercial point-of-care molecular tests. The primary aim of our prospective diagnostic study was to compare available laboratory methods for the diagnosis of in clinical samples with loop-mediated isothermal amplification. We compared deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) analysis methods, namely, loop-mediated isothermal amplification and reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using pus, stool and blood samples from 200 patients with clinical and radiological diagnosis of amoebic liver abscess. Read More

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Infection with capsular genotype K1-ST23 hypervirulent Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates in Japan after a stay in East Asia: Two cases and a literature review.

J Infect Chemother 2021 Jun 1. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Department of Infectious Diseases, Disease Control and Prevention Center, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, 1-21-1 Toyama, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, 162-8655, Japan; Emerging and Reemerging Infectious Diseases, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Tohoku University, 2-1 Seiryo-cho, Aoba-ku, Sendai City, Miyagi, 980-8575, Japan; AMR Clinical Reference Center, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, 1-21-1 Toyama, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, 162-8655, Japan.

Disseminated community-acquired infections caused by the hypervirulent Klebsiella pneumoniae (hvKp) among relatively healthy individuals in East Asia have been reported in recent years. Isolate of the capsular genotype K1, belonging to sequence type (ST) 23, is the most common causative agent of this disease. We experienced two cases of K1-ST23 infection with a travel history in East Asia, and hvKp infection was diagnosed after entering or returning to Japan. Read More

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Lactobacillus gasseri liver abscess and bacteremia: a case report.

BMC Infect Dis 2021 Jun 2;21(1):518. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Department of Internal Medicine, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán, Vasco de Quiroga 15, Tlalpan, 14080, Mexico City, Mexico.

Background: Lactobacillus is a genus of Gram-positive non-spore-forming rods usually found in the microbiota of the oral cavity, gastrointestinal tract, and female genitourinary tract. Also, they are commonly used in the food industry as supplements and probiotics. Lactobacilli are normally considered non-pathogenic to the human body, however, under certain circumstances such as immunosuppression, they can cause severe infections, with only a few cases of bacteremia, infective endocarditis, pneumonia, meningitis, and intra-abdominal infections reported. Read More

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The "misfortune" of being a COVID-19 negative patient during the coronavirus pandemic.

J BUON 2021 Mar-Apr;26(2):303-305

4th Department of Surgery, Medical School, University of Athens, "Attikon" University Hospital, Athens, Greece.

COVID-19 pandemic has obviously affected patients' behavior towards seeking medical help as well as physicians' decision in the management of emergencies. Our recent experience as surgeons at a COVID-19 referral hospital revealed cases which share an alerting characteristic: the delay in appropriate management. Unfortunately for COVID-19 negative patients a "coronacentric" health system has been adopted. Read More

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Successful Cord Blood Transplantation for Idiopathic CD4+ Lymphocytopenia.

Acta Haematol 2021 Jun 1:1-7. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Hematology Division, Tokyo Metropolitan Cancer and Infectious Diseases Center, Komagome Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.

Idiopathic CD4+ lymphocytopenia (ICL) is the depletion of CD4+ lymphocytes to <300 cells/mm3 without human immunodeficiency virus infection or other causes of lymphocytopenia. ICL causes fatal infections; its etiology remains unclear and it lacks consensus regarding therapeutic options. We report the first patient with ICL who had a successful clinical course following a cord blood transplant (CBT). Read More

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Combined Heart-Liver and Domino Liver Transplantation in Familial Amyloidosis.

Am Surg 2021 Jun 1:31348211023427. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Department of Surgery, Hume-Lee Transplant Center, 6887Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, USA.

Background: Combined heart-liver transplantation (CHLT) is the only curative option for patients with concomitant pathology affecting the heart and liver. In some cases, the native livers of familial amyloidosis (FA) patients may be suitable for domino transplantation into other recipients.

Methods: Retrospective analysis (2013 to 2019) of all CHLT at our center was performed. Read More

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Pyogenic Liver Abscess Risk in Patients With Newly Diagnosed Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Nationwide, Population-Based Cohort Study.

Front Med (Lausanne) 2021 12;8:675345. Epub 2021 May 12.

Graduate Institute of Biomedical Sciences Science, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan.

To date, no comprehensive epidemiological study exists on pyogenic liver abscess (PLA) risk in patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) worldwide. We conducted a retrospective cohort study by using data from Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) to examine the association between newly diagnosed T2DM and PLA. The T2DM cohort included patients newly diagnosed as having T2DM (ICD-9-CM:250) from 2000 to 2009, with follow-up until December 31, 2011. Read More

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A case series of extraneural metastatic glioblastoma at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center.

Neurooncol Pract 2021 Jun 3;8(3):325-336. Epub 2021 Feb 3.

Department of Neurology, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York, USA.

Background: Extraneural metastasis of glioma is a rare event, often occurring in patients with advanced disease. Genomic alterations associated with extraneural glioma metastasis remain incompletely understood.

Methods: Ten patients at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center diagnosed with extraneural metastases of glioblastoma (9 patients) and gliosarcoma (1 patient) from 2003 to 2018 were included in our analysis. Read More

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[Klebsiella pneumoniae pyogenic liver abscess in an octogenarian: Presentation as endophthalmitis].

Rev Esp Geriatr Gerontol 2021 May 22. Epub 2021 May 22.

Servicio de Medicina Interna y Geriatría. Hospital Universitario Nuestra Señora de Candelaria, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, España. Electronic address:

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Timing of Complication and Failure to Rescue after Hepatectomy: Single-Institution Analysis of 28-Years of Hepatic Surgery.

J Am Coll Surg 2021 May 21. Epub 2021 May 21.

Division of Hepatopancreatobiliary, Department of Surgery, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, NY, NY.

Background: Morbidity after hepatectomy remains a significant, potentially preventable outcome. Understanding the pattern of complications and rescue pathways is critical for the development of targeted initiatives intended to salvage patients after operative morbidity.

Study Design: Patients undergoing liver resection from 1991-2018 at a single institution were analyzed. Read More

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A novel case of bacteremia secondary to liver abscess formation following transarterial chemoembolization.

IDCases 2021 7;24:e01150. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Medicine - Infectious Disease, Saint Francis Hospital and Medical Center, Hartford, CT, 06105, United States.

is an uncommon gram-negative bacterium that has rarely been identified as the causative organism in severe infections. Few cases have been described and have included patients with pneumonia, urinary tract infections or cholangitis. Only one case has reported to involve a liver abscess, thought to be from a primary urologic source. Read More

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Haematogenous Klebsiella pneumoniae osteomyelitis.

Int Orthop 2021 May 22. Epub 2021 May 22.

Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, Republic of China.

Objectives: Klebsiella pneumoniae infection has been associated with alcoholic and diabetic patient populations, especially in Asian populations. K. pneumonia wound infection is common, but K. Read More

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Posttraumatic bronchobiliary fistulae due to foreign body remnants after  a road traffic injury: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2021 May 22;15(1):291. Epub 2021 May 22.

Colorectal Research Center, Department of Surgery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Zand Avenue, P.O. Box 71345-1744, Shiraz, Iran.

Background: Bronchobiliary fistula is an extremely rare disease that involves abnormal communication between a hepatic segment and bronchial tree. It is mostly caused by untreated hydatid cyst, liver abscess, iatrogenic stenosis, and, rarely, trauma.

Case Presentation: We experienced an extremely rare case of bronchobiliary fistula after motor vehicle accident. Read More

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Subdural empyema, brain abscess, and superior sagittal sinus venous thrombosis secondary to .

Turk Arch Pediatr 2021 Jan 1;56(1):88-91. Epub 2021 Jan 1.

Department of Neurosurgery, Bezmialem Vakif University Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey.

can be frequently isolated from brain abscesses, but is a rare cause of the liver, lung, and deep tissue abscesses. In this report, we present a patient with subdural empyema, brain abscess, and superior sagittal cerebral venous thrombosis as complications of rhinosinusitis whose purulent empyema sample yielded . A 13-year-old female patient was referred to our pediatric intensive care unit with altered mental status, aphasia, and behavioral change. Read More

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January 2021

"String Test" for Hypermucoviscous Klebsiella pneumoniae.

Am J Med 2021 May 16. Epub 2021 May 16.

All authors affiliated with Baylor College of Medicine, 1 Baylor Plaza, Houston, TX 77030.

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Liver abscess in «anchovy paste»; Amebiasis alert.

I Solares P Kessler

Rev Clin Esp (Barc) 2021 May 28;221(5):307-308. Epub 2021 Feb 28.

Servicio de Medicina Interna, Hospital 12 de Octubre, Madrid, Spain. Electronic address:

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Management Practices and Predictors of Outcome of Liver Abscess in Adults: A Series of 1630 Patients from a Liver Unit.

J Clin Exp Hepatol 2021 May-Jun;11(3):312-320. Epub 2020 Oct 15.

Department of Hepatology, Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences, New Delhi 110070, India.

Background: The management practices of liver abscess (LA) have evolved over time. The precise diagnosis of etiology and complications is pivotal for appropriate management.

Methods: Descriptive analyses of consecutive patients treated for LA using electronic medical records at a liver unit between years 2010 and 2020 and investigate relationships between clinical, imaging, laboratory and microbiological findings, treatment strategies and mortality. Read More

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October 2020

Evaluating the efficacy of nitazoxanide in uncomplicated amebic liver abscess.

Indian J Gastroenterol 2021 Jun 15;40(3):272-280. Epub 2021 May 15.

Department of Gastroenterology, SMS Medical College and Hospital, Jaipur 302 004, India.

Background: Amebic liver abscess is treated successfully with metronidazole or another nitroimidazole drug followed by a luminal amebicide. Metronidazole has long been preferred, but has been associated with several adverse effects including intolerance in certain clinical situations. Mechanisms of metronidazole resistance and mutagenic potential have been described. Read More

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Single-Stage Combined Anterior Corpectomy and Posterior Instrumented Fusion in Tuberculous Spondylitis With Varying Degrees of Neurological Deficit.

Int J Spine Surg 2021 Jun 13;15(3):600-611. Epub 2021 May 13.

Metro Hospital, New Delhi, India.

Background: A combined anterior decompression and stabilization followed by posterior instrumented fusion promotes fusion of the affected segment of spine and prevents further progression of deformity. The objective of this study is to report on outcome of patients with tuberculous spondylitis, progressive neurologic deficit, and kyphotic deformity who underwent single-stage anterior corpectomy and fusion and posterior decompression with instrumented fusion.

Methods: A total of 49 patients (29 males, 20 females) with varying grades of neurological deficit due to tuberculosis of the spine (thoracic, thoracolumbar, and lumbar) were included in this prospective study. Read More

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coinfection as source of pyogenic liver abscess.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 May 11;14(5). Epub 2021 May 11.

Internal Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, USA.

, a non-fermenting gram-negative bacterium, is emerging as an important multidrug resistant opportunistic pathogen. It has been described in cases of bacteremia, pleuritis, keratitis and peritoneal dialysis-associated peritonitis. We describe, for the first time, a case of pyogenic liver abscess caused by coinfection of and , and briefly review pyogenic liver abscesses and the literature regarding . Read More

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A Series of Surgical Infections and Review of the Literature.

Surg Infect (Larchmt) 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

University of Maryland Shore Regional at Easton, Easton, Maryland, USA.

(HPI) is a rare and underreported pathogen. causes respiratory, soft tissue, and central nervous system (CNS) infections, and endocarditis. Little data on HPI surgical infections are available, especially for intra-abdominal infections (IAI). Read More

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A 54-year-old healthy patient with meningitis and conjunctivitis.

J Am Coll Emerg Physicians Open 2021 Apr 29;2(2):e12425. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Service de Réanimation Centre Hospitalier de Versailles Hôpital André Mignot Le Chesnay France.

We describe a case report of hypermucoviscous promptly diagnosed by blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) culture with positive string test. The patient, without medical history, developed in a few hours multiple localizations, typical of hypervirulent . Combination of multiple typical localizations (eye, CSF, pulmonary, hepatic) and string test enabled rapid diagnosis of hypermcoviscous and hypervirulent . Read More

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Clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and treatment outcome of CNS aspergillosis: A systematic review of 235 cases.

Infect Dis Now 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Radiology, Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Aspergillus is a ubiquitous ascomycete that can cause a variety of clinical presentations depending on immune status. Central nervous system aspergillosis is a fatal disease with non-specific clinical features. The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the epidemiology, clinical features, diagnosis and therapeutic interventions in CNS aspergillosis patients. Read More

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Evaluation of clinical characteristics and outcomes of postoperative ınfections in living liver donors.

Int J Clin Pract 2021 May 6:e14324. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Inonu University, Malatya, Turkey.

Aim: To analyze developing infections after living donor hepatectomy (LDH) in living liver donors (LLDs).

Methods: Demographic and clinical characteristics of 1106 LLDs were retrospectively analyzed in terms of whether postoperative infection development. Therefore, LLDs were divided into two groups: with (n = 190) and without (n = 916) antimicrobial agent use. Read More

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Drug-eluting bead chemoembolization for the treatment of nonresectable hepatic carcinoma in dogs: A prospective clinical trial.

J Vet Intern Med 2021 May 6;35(3):1487-1495. Epub 2021 May 6.

Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California, USA.

Background: Effective treatment options for nonresectable hepatic carcinoma (HC) in dogs are limited.

Hypothesis/objective: Objectives were to report outcomes, complications, and tumor responses via computed tomography (CT) assessment after drug-eluting bead transarterial chemoembolization (DEB-TACE) for nonresectable HC in dogs. The authors hypothesized that major complications would be uncommon and short-term CT assessment would demonstrate stable disease or partial response. Read More

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: An uncommon cause of liver abscess.

IDCases 2021 16;24:e01125. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of General Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneswar, 751019, Odisha, India.

We report an uncommon case of pyogenic liver abscess due to in an apparently immune-competent individual, the timely recognition of which could avoid a potentially fatal course of infection in the patient. A 45-year-old man, with history of moderate alcohol intake since the last 10 years, was admitted with intense right-sided upper abdominal pain and right-sided chest pain of 10-days duration. Culture of the ultrasound-guided liver aspirate sample yielded a pure growth of identified by the VITEK-2™ automated microbial identification system. Read More

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Liver segmentectomy surgery for delayed diagnosed hepatic TB, a case report from Syria.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2021 May 14;65:102302. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Head of Surgery Department, Faculty of Medicine, Damascus University, Chief of Liver Transplant Team, Al Assad University Hospital, Damascus, Syria.

Introduction and importance: Mycobacterium Tuberculosis infection is still one of the most common causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. TB usually infects the lungs, but it can affect other organs. Hepatic involvement usually occurs with disseminated disease whereas isolated hepatic involvement is extremely rare. Read More

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Meta-analysis of the effects of essential oil as an alternative to monensin in diets for beef cattle.

Vet J 2021 Jun 23;272:105659. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Federal University of Espírito Santo, Department of Animal Science, Alegre, ES, Brazil.

Additives used to improve feed efficiency of beef cattle on high-grain diets requires products that not only increase animal performance but also provide food safety for consumers. Since phytogenic additives such as essential oils (EO) are the main substitutes for monensin in the diet of cattle fed high-grain diets, this study aimed to evaluate, through meta-analysis, the effects of EO as an alternative to monensin in diets for beef cattle on feed intake, performance, carcass characteristics and ruminal fermentative parameters. Ten peer-reviewed publications with 27 treatment means were included in the data set. Read More

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