12,187 results match your criteria Liver Abscess


A 30-year trend analysis in the epidemiology of inflammatory bowel disease in the Songpa-Kangdong District of Seoul, Korea in 1986-2015.

J Crohns Colitis 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Gastroenterology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Background And Aims: Although the incidence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is increasing in Asia, data on long-term epidemiologic trends are limited. We performed a 30-year longitudinal study to investigate temporal trends in the epidemiology of Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) in Seoul, Korea.

Methods: This population-based study included 1431 IBD patients (418 CD, 1013 UC) diagnosed between 1986 and 2015 in the Songpa-Kangdong district of Seoul, Korea. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ecco-jcc/jjz081DOI Listing

Mechanisms of natural resistance of Balb/c mice to experimental liver amoebiasis.

Biosci Rep 2019 Apr 12. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Unidad de Investigación en Medicina Experimental, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Avenida Universidad 3000, México, 04510, Mexico

is the parasite responsible for human amoebiasis. The analysis of the natural resistance mechanisms of some rodents to amebic liver abscess (ALA) may reveal alternative pathogenicity mechanisms to those previously discovered in the experimental model of ALA in hamsters. In this work the natural resistance of BALB/c mice to ALA was explored by performing: 1) chemotaxis analysis with a specifically designed chamber; 2) amebic survival in fresh and decomplemented serum; 3) histological temporal course analysis of ALA development in mice with different treatments (hypocomplementemic, hyperimmune and treated with iNOS and NADPH oxidase inhibitors) and 4) mouse liver amebic infection by both implantation of ALA from hamsters and inoculation of parasites into the peritoneal cavity. Read More

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http://bioscirep.org/lookup/doi/10.1042/BSR20182333
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1042/BSR20182333DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Biliary Peritonitis due to a Ruptured Amebic Liver Abscess Mimicking a Periampullary Tumor and Liver Metastases with the Elevation of CA 19-9 and CA 125: A Case Report.

GE Port J Gastroenterol 2019 Mar 12;26(2):121-124. Epub 2018 Jun 12.

bDepartment of Surgery, Hospital Nacional Dos de Mayo, Lima, Peru.

Introduction: An amebic liver abscess is the most common presentation of extraintestinal amebiasis. This condition is the result of a parasite infection caused by .

Materials And Methods: We report a case of a 53-year-old male who presented with abdominal pain in the right upper quadrant, jaundice, and a 10-kg weight loss within a 1-month span. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000489721DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454388PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Successful Diagnosis of a Longstanding Giant Amoebic Liver Abscess Using Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasonography (CEUS): A Case Report in a Western Country.

Am J Case Rep 2019 Apr 10;20:493-498. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Department of Radiological Sciences, Oncology and Anatomo-Pathological Science, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy.

BACKGROUND E. histolytica liver abscess results from extra-intestinal diffusion of amebiasis, which is responsible for up 100 000 deaths per annum, placing it second only to malaria in mortality. Currently, the criterion standard for the diagnosis of liver abscesses is ultrasound, but CEUS (contrast-enhanced ultrasound) is emerging as a more accurate method for liver study, and it could be more accurate than ultrasound and non-invasive compared to CT. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/AJCR.914378DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Liver Abscess in a Pediatric Patient with Ulcerative Colitis: A Case Presentation.

J Clin Transl Hepatol 2019 Mar 4;7(1):93-96. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Atrium Health- Levine Children's Hospital, Charlotte, NC, USA.

Hepatic abscesses are an uncommon extra-intestinal manifestation of inflammatory bowel disease, the incidence of which has been estimated to be approximately 7 per 10,000 patients with inflammatory bowel disease. It is unclear whether patients with Crohn's disease or patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) are at higher risk of developing this complication. Based on case reports, most cases are found in Crohn's disease; however, a recent cohort study showed an increased risk in UC instead. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14218/JCTH.2018.00045DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6441647PMC
March 2019
3 Reads

Prevalence of cases of amebic liver abscess in a tertiary care centre in India: A study on risk factors, associated microflora and strain variation of Entamoeba histolytica.

PLoS One 2019 3;14(4):e0214880. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Department of Gastroenterology, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, U.P., India.

Background: Amebiasis, caused by Entamoeba histolytica (E. histolytica), is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in developing countries. Mortality due to amebiasis is mostly by extra intestinal infections, amebic liver abscess being the most common one. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0214880PLOS
April 2019
3 Reads

The relation of toddy (palm wine) intake to amoebic liver abscess in a predominantly toddy-drinking population: a cross-sectional study.

Trop Doct 2019 Apr 2:49475519840242. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

1 Department of Gastroenterology, Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, India.

The role of toddy (palm wine) as an independent risk factor for amoebic liver abscess (ALA) is not clear. In a cross-sectional study, the clinico-demographic profiles of inpatients with ALA were examined. Microscopy examination of toddy (n = 43) samples was performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0049475519840242DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Early predictors for the diagnosis of pyogenic liver abscess.

Authors:
Shih-Wei Lai

Intern Emerg Med 2019 Mar 30. Epub 2019 Mar 30.

College of Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11739-019-02084-6DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Differentiation of liver abscess from liver metastasis using dual-energy spectral CT quantitative parameters.

Eur J Radiol 2019 Apr 19;113:204-208. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

GE Healthcare.

Objective: To explore the value of single source dual-energy spectral CT quantitative parameters in differential diagnosis of liver abscess and liver metastatic tumor.

Methods: Fifty-one patients with 73 liver lesions (28 liver abscesses and 45 liver metastases) underwent plain and contrast-enhanced spectral CT scans. The fat and blood concentrations and CT values of 40-140 keV monochromatic images were measured to calculate effective atomic number (Eff-Z) and a slope (K): [CT(40 keV)-CT(140 keV)/100] for the cystic component on the plain scan images. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejrad.2019.02.024DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Klebsiella Pneumoniae Visceral Organ Abscesses - Clinical Characteristics.

Ann Acad Med Singapore 2019 Feb;48(2):48-54

Division of Infectious Diseases, Changi General Hospital, Singapore.

Introduction: In recent years, () has emerged as the predominant cause of pyogenic liver abscess in Asia. - as the causative microorganism in other visceral organ abscesses-is less described. In this study, we seeked to describe the clinical characteristics of visceral organ abscesses in our institution and evaluated the prescription practices of physicians with regard to antibiotic therapy. Read More

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February 2019
3 Reads

Low-Phospholipid Associated Cholelithiasis (LPAC) syndrome: A synthetic review.

J Visc Surg 2019 Mar 25. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Service de chirurgie générale, digestive et transplantation hépatique et intestinale (general, digestive, liver transplant and intestinal surgery department), hôpital de la Croix Rousse, hospices civils de Lyon, 103, grande rue de la Croix-Rousse, 69317 Lyon cedex 04, France.

Low-Phospholipid Associated Cholelithiasis (LPAC) is a genetic disease responsible for the development of intrahepatic lithiasis. It is associated with a mutation of the ABCB4 gene which codes for protein MDR3, a biliary carrier. As a nosological entity, it is defined by presence of two of the three following criteria: age less than 40 years at onset of biliary symptoms, recurrence of biliary symptoms after cholecystectomy, and intrahepatic hyperechogenic foci detected by ultrasound. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jviscsurg.2019.02.006DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Pyogenic liver abscess: incidence, causality, management and clinical outcomes in a New Zealand cohort.

N Z Med J 2019 Mar 29;132(1492):30-35. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of Gastroenterology, Christchurch Hospital, Canterbury District Health Board, Christchurch.

Aims: The determinants, management and outcomes of pyogenic liver abscess [PLA] are changing. We aimed to compare these in a New Zealand cohort.

Methods: We have retrospectively reviewed all PLA cases presenting to Christchurch Hospital over 12 months between 2014 and 2015. Read More

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March 2019
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Pathogenic Entamoeba histolytica, but not Entamoeba dispar, induce neutrophil extracellular trap (NET) formation.

J Leukoc Biol 2019 Mar 26. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Departamento de Inmunología, Instituto de Investigaciones Biomédicas, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico City, Mexico.

Amoebiasis is an infection of global importance, caused by the eukaryotic parasite Entamoeba histolytica. Pathogenic E. histolytica is associated worldwide with over a million cases of amoebic dysentery, colitis, and amoebic liver abscess. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/JLB.MA0818-3
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/JLB.MA0818-309RRRDOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Clinical Characteristics and Prognostic Factors of Patients with Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma with Fever: A Propensity Score Matching Analysis.

Oncologist 2019 Mar 25. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Department of Liver Surgery & Transplantation, Liver Cancer Institute, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, and Key Laboratory of Carcinogenesis and Cancer Invasion, Ministry of Education, Shanghai, People's Republic of China

Background: Patients with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) rarely present fever as the initial symptom. We aimed to identify clinical characteristics and prognostic factors for these feverish patients.

Subjects, Materials, And Methods: This study retrospectively reviewed 31 patients with ICC with fever (≥38. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1634/theoncologist.2018-0268DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Partial Splenic Embolization is a Safe and Effective Alternative in the Management of Portal Hypertension in Children.

J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 2019 Mar 18. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Department of Pediatrics, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY.

Objective: There are multiple approaches to manage the clinical complications of portal hypertension (PHTN) to treat/prevent spontaneous hemorrhage by mitigating thrombocytopenia. No single approach is ideal for all patients given the heterogeneity of this population. Our goal was to determine whether partial splenic embolization (PSE) was safe and effective in the pediatric population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MPG.0000000000002332DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

Multiple abscesses in the lower extremities caused by Trichophyton rubrum.

BMC Infect Dis 2019 Mar 20;19(1):271. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Department of Dermatology, Hangzhou Third Hospital, Zhejiang University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Hangzhou, 310009, People's Republic of China.

Background: Dermatophytes are keratinophilic fungi, that usually infect the hair, stratum corneum, and nails. However, dermatophytes occasionally invade the dermis, subcutaneous tissues, and internal organs, resulting in a condition called deep dermatophytosis. We report a case of an unusual presentation of Trichophyton rubrum infection causing multiple fungal abscesses in the lower extremities of an immunocompromised patient. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-019-3897-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6425592PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Toddy consumption and amoebic liver abscess in India: An unexplored link.

Indian J Public Health 2019 Jan-Mar;63(1):89-90

Associate Professor, Department of Surgical Gastroenterology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, Bihar, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijph.IJPH_192_18DOI Listing

Host-antibody inductivity of virulent Entamoeba histolytica and non-virulent Entamoeba moshkovskii in a mouse model.

Parasit Vectors 2019 Mar 13;12(1):101. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Department of Protozoology, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Ratchawithi, Bangkok, 10400, Thailand.

Background: Despite similarities in morphology, gene and protein profiles, Entamoeba histolytica and E. moshkovskii show profound differences in pathogenicity. Entamoeba histolytica infection might result in amoebic dysentery and liver abscess, while E. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13071-019-3363-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6416977PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Multi-drug-resistant bacteraemia in a liver transplant recipient.

JMM Case Rep 2019 Jan 20;6(1):e005172. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Introduction: is a commensal organism commonly colonizing the human gastrointestinal tract. Although it is generally a non-virulent organism, can cause significant morbidity and mortality due to its inherent and acquired resistances to commonly used antimicrobials. Patients who are immunosuppressed are particularly vulnerable. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1099/jmmcr.0.005172DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6412035PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Amoebic Cardiac Tamponade.

QJM 2019 Mar 8. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, internal medicine.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/qjmed/hcz062DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Chinese Trauma Surgeon Association for management guidelines of vacuum sealing drainage application in abdominal surgeries-Update and systematic review.

Chin J Traumatol 2019 Feb 14;22(1):1-11. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

The First Affiliated Hospital of Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, China.

Vacuum sealing drainage (VSD) is frequently used in abdominal surgeries. However, relevant guidelines are rare. Chinese Trauma Surgeon Association organized a committee composed of 28 experts across China in July 2017, aiming to provide an evidence-based recommendation for the application of VSD in abdominal surgeries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cjtee.2018.10.005DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Early predictors for the diagnosis of liver abscess in the emergency department.

Intern Emerg Med 2019 Mar 7. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Emergency Medicine Department, National University Hospital, National University Health System, 9 Lower Kent Ridge Road, Level 4, Singapore, 119085, Singapore.

Diagnosing pyogenic liver abscess (PLA) in the emergency department (ED) is challenging due to its non-specific clinical presentation. We aim to identify predictors that aid in diagnosis of PLA in ED patients. This retrospective chart review included patients diagnosed with PLA in a tertiary hospital between January 2008 and December 2012. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11739-019-02061-zDOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Comparison of clinical characteristics and outcomes of pyogenic liver abscess patients < 65 years of age versus ≥ 65 years of age.

BMC Infect Dis 2019 Mar 7;19(1):233. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

National Local Joint Engineering Research Center for Precision Surgery & Regenerative Medicine, Shaanxi Provincial Center for Regenerative Medicine and Surgical Engineering, Institute of Advanced Surgical Technology and Engineering, First Affiliated Hospital, Xi'an Jiaotong University, 76 West Yanta Road, P.O. Box 124, Xi'an, 710061, Shaanxi Province, China.

Background: Pyogenic liver abscess (PLA) in the elderly is insufficiently elucidated. A few studies attempted to investigate the role of age in PLA have yielded controversial results. The purpose of this study was to explore the possible differences in the comorbidity, microbiological characteristics and clinical course between elderly and young PLA patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-019-3837-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6407260PMC
March 2019
3 Reads

A Patient With Periorbital Necrotizing Fasciitis by Klebsiella pneumoniae.

J Craniofac Surg 2019 Feb 9. Epub 2019 Feb 9.

Department of Ophthalmology.

Periorbital necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is a very rare disease with a mortality rate of 10% to 20%, requiring rapid diagnosis and active treatment. The most common causative organism is Group A β-hemolytic Streptococcus, and trauma, operative incisions, pre-existing ulcers, or injection sites may be predisposing factors for periorbital NF. In this study, the subject, who had a medical history of diabetes mellitus and chronic liver disease, developed periorbital NF suddenly and without any specific triggering factors, and Klebsiella pneumoniae was identified in a necrotic tissue biopsy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000005199DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Expected and Unexpected Imaging Findings after Y Transarterial Radioembolization for Liver Tumors.

Radiographics 2019 Mar-Apr;39(2):578-595

From the Departments of Radiology (J.C.S., A.P., O.P., M.Q., R.G.M.) and Nuclear Medicine (I.H.), Hospital Italiano, Tte Gral Juan Domingo Perón 4230, C1199ABH CABA, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Transarterial radioembolization (TARE), also called radioembolization or selective internal radiation therapy, is an interventional radiology technique used to treat primary liver tumors and liver metastases. The aim of this therapy is to deliver tumoricidal doses of radiation to liver tumors while selecting a safe radiation dose limit for nontumoral liver and lung tissue. Hence, correct treatment planning is essential to obtaining good results. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1148/rg.2019180095DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Balloon-Occluded Transcatheter Arterial Chemoembolization (b-TACE) for Hepatocellular Carcinoma Performed with Polyethylene-Glycol Epirubicin-Loaded Drug-Eluting Embolics: Safety and Preliminary Results.

Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol 2019 Mar 6. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Vascular and Interventional Radiology Unit, Department of Diagnostic Service, Sapienza University of Rome, Viale Regina Elena 324, 00161, Rome, Italy.

Purpose: To report technical success, safety profile and oncological results of balloon-occluded transcatheter arterial chemoembolization using a balloon micro-catheter and epirubicin-loaded polyethylene-glycol (PEG) microsphere (100 ± 25 µm and 200 ± 50 µm) in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).

Materials And Methods: This is a single-centre, single-arm, retrospective study with 6-month follow-up. Twenty-two patients (Child-Pugh A 68% [15/22], B in 32% [7/22]; age 67. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00270-019-02192-yDOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

[Abdominal ultrasound in emergency and critical care medicine].

Med Klin Intensivmed Notfmed 2019 Mar 6. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Klinik für Gastroenterologie und Hepatologie, Universitätsklinikum Köln, Kerpener Str. 62, 50937, Köln, Deutschland.

Abdominal ultrasound is established as an important and low-risk diagnostic procedure in emergency and intensive care medicine that allows rapid and precise diagnosis in symptomatic patients and helps to evaluate which further diagnostic steps are needed. Abdominal ultrasound should be performed as the initial imaging modality in all symptomatic patients in an emergency or intensive care unit and can be used with great accuracy to detect the presence of various abdominal pathologies, such as abdominal aortic aneurysm, abscess, ureterolithiasis or free fluid. Furthermore ultrasound represents the imaging modality of choice for guiding many diagnostic and interventional percutaneous procedures in emergency and intensive care medicine and can be used e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00063-019-0551-1DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Rapid identification of capsular serotype K1/K2 in pus samples from liver abscess patients and positive blood culture samples from bacteremia cases via an immunochromatographic strip assay.

Gut Pathog 2019 22;11:11. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Division of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Tri-Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC.

Background: In Asia, serotype K1/K2 are the major capsular serotypes that cause liver abscess or bacteremia in patients. The purpose of this study was to compare novel immunochromatographic strips (ICSs), which can rapidly detect serotypes K1/K2 in clinical samples, to conventional capsular serotyping methods.

Methods: Pus drainage samples from 16 patients with a liver abscess caused by , blood samples from 112 positive flagged blood culture bottle and a subsequent single colony in the medium were tested with the ICS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13099-019-0285-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6385414PMC
February 2019

Current knowledge in pathophysiology and management of Budd-Chiari syndrome and non-cirrhotic non-tumoral splanchnic vein thrombosis.

J Hepatol 2019 Feb 26. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Barcelona Hepatic Hemodynamic Laboratory, Liver Unit, Hospital Clínic de Barcelona, IDIBAPS, CIBERehd, European Reference Network for Rare Vascular Liver Diseases. Universitat de Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address:

Budd-Chiari Syndrome (BCS) and non-cirrhotic non-tumoral portal vein thrombosis (NCPVT) are two rare disorders, with several similarities that are categorized under the term splanchnic vein thrombosis. Both disorders are frequently associated with an underlying pro-thrombotic disorder. They can cause severe portal hypertension and usually affect oung patients, negatively influencing life expectancy when the diagnosis and treatment is not done at an early stage. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhep.2019.02.015DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

A Rare Case of Crohn's Disease Manifesting as a Large Liver Abscess.

Cureus 2018 Dec 21;10(12):e3758. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

Internal Medicine, Florida Hospital, Orlando, USA.

Liver abscess is a rare complication seen in Crohn's disease (CD) and has been rarely reported. Our aim is to illustrate a case of liver abscess in a patient with CD and the importance of a complete history and physical examination in identifying the potential cause of a hepatic abscess in an immune competent individual in who the diagnosis of CD was apparently ignored for two years before she presented to us. Although the manifestation of a hepatic abscess without any perianal abscess or fistula in CD is extremely rare, recognition of this would facilitate the diagnosis and appropriate management of abscess and CD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.3758DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6389026PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Three-Dimensional Electromagnetic Torso Scanner.

Sensors (Basel) 2019 Feb 27;19(5). Epub 2019 Feb 27.

School of Information Technology and Electrical Engineering, The University of Queensland; St. Lucia, Brisbane, Queensland 4072, Australia.

A three-dimensional (3D) electromagnetic torso scanner system is presented. This system aims at providing a complimentary/auxiliary imaging modality to supplement conventional imaging devices, e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/s19051015DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6427315PMC
February 2019

Pyogenic Liver Abscess After Pancreaticoduodenectomy: A Single-Center Experience.

J Surg Res 2019 Feb 25;239:67-75. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

Department of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery, Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Pancreatic Disease, Hangzhou, China. Electronic address:

Background: Pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) is a complex procedure with a morbidity rate of 40%-50%. We evaluated the incidence, associated factors, etiologic characteristics, and outcome of pyogenic liver abscess (PLA), a rare infectious complication of PD.

Methods: We retrospectively assessed the data of patients who underwent PD (n = 326) between January 2012 and February 2017 at a single institution. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00224804183086
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2018.12.004DOI Listing
February 2019
8 Reads

Recurrence of -associated Intra-abdominal Infection 2 Years after Spilled Gallstones during Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy.

J Glob Infect Dis 2019 Jan-Mar;11(1):47-49

Department of Infectious Diseases, Stony Brook University, School of Medicine, Stony Brook, New York, USA.

Spilled gallstones during laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) are common. Lost gallstones can lead to complications such as intra-abdominal abscesses, which can occur days, months, or even years after the procedure. belongs to the family of Enterobacteriaceae. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jgid.jgid_9_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6380101PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Klebsiella Pneumoniae Endogenous Endophthalmitis Mimicking a Choroidal Neovascular Membrane with Subretinal Hemorrhage.

Ocul Immunol Inflamm 2019 Feb 26:1-3. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

a Advanced Eye Centre , Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research , Chandigarh , India.

Background: Klebsiella endogenous endophthalmitis (EE) is commonly seen in patients with hepato-biliary disease and urinary tract infections. Subretinal abscess with vitreous cells is the usual presentation and requires intensive treatment with systemic and intravitreal antibiotics along with prompt vitrectomy. Subretinal hemorrhage surrounding a choroidal mass has not been reported as the presenting feature of endogenous bacterial endophthalmitis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09273948.2019.1569695DOI Listing
February 2019

Recurrent retroperitoneal abscess after biliary tract surgery in an elderly patient: a minimally invasive nonsurgical approach and its consequences: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2019 Feb 25;13(1):43. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

Euro-Mediterranean Institute of Science and Technology (IEMEST), Via Emerico Amari, 123, 90139, Palermo, Italy.

Introduction: Hepatic abscess can be defined as an encapsulated collection of suppurative material within the liver parenchyma. Hepatic abscess can be distinguished as pyogenic, amebic, or fungal. Biliary tract disease remains the most common cause of hepatic abscess today, and the most common complications range from pleural effusion, empyema, and bronchohepatic fistula to subphrenic abscess and rupture into the peritoneal cavity, stomach, colon, vena cava, or kidney. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-019-1973-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6388486PMC
February 2019
7 Reads

Effects of a Saccharomyces cerevisiae fermentation product on liver abscesses, fecal microbiome, and resistome in feedlot cattle raised without antibiotics.

Sci Rep 2019 Feb 22;9(1):2559. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Department of Animal Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA.

Liver abscesses in feedlot cattle form secondary to high concentrate feeds and rumen acidosis. Antimicrobial drugs are commonly included in cattle feed for prevention of liver abscesses, but concerns regarding antimicrobial resistance have increased the need for alternative treatments. A block randomized clinical trial was conducted to evaluate the effects of a Saccharomyces cerevisiae fermentation product (SCFP) on liver abscesses, fecal microbiomes, and resistomes in cattle raised without antibiotics in a Colorado feedlot. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-39181-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6385275PMC
February 2019
4 Reads

Spontaneous cholecystopleural fistula leading to biliothorax and sepsis in a cat.

JFMS Open Rep 2019 Jan-Jun;5(1):2055116919830206. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Pathobiology, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada.

Case Summary: A 13-year-old spayed female domestic shorthair cat presented with pleural effusion and suspected triaditis. Intake vitals and leukocytosis were consistent with a diagnosis of systemic inflammatory response syndrome. Biochemical analysis confirmed a pleural fluid-to-serum bile ratio consistent with a diagnosis of biliothorax. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2055116919830206DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6376519PMC
February 2019

Fusobacterium Septicemia with Liver and Lung Abscesses Due to Diverticulitis.

ACG Case Rep J 2018 19;5:e99. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, Detroit Medical Center/Wayne State University, Detroit, MI.

The species is known for its association with septic thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein (Lemierre's syndrome). Lemierre's syndrome is associated with septic emboli to the liver and lungs, often causing multiple abscesses. We present a unique case of septicemia in which the bacteria invaded the portal vein through the gastrointestinal mucosa due to diverticulitis and spread hematogenously to the liver and lungs, causing abscesses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14309/crj.2018.99DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6358581PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Leukotoxic activity of Fusobacterium necrophorum of cattle origin.

Anaerobe 2019 Apr 13;56:51-56. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Diagnostic Medicine and Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS, 66506, USA. Electronic address:

Fusobacterium necrophorum is a Gram negative, rod-shaped and aero tolerant anaerobe. In animals, it is an opportunistic pathogen frequently associated with necrotic infections, generally called necrobacillosis, such as calf diphtheria, foot rot and liver abscesses in cattle. Two subspecies exist: subsp. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anaerobe.2019.02.009DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Factors associated with readmission and mortality in adult patients with skin and soft tissue infections.

Int J Dermatol 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Clinical Microbiology Department, Son Llàtzer Hospital, Balearic Islands, Spain.

Background: Skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) are a common cause of consultation, and complicated cases require hospitalization. We describe factors that are related to readmission and/or mortality of hospitalized patients diagnosed with SSTIs.

Methods: Retrospective review of hospital-admitted patients with a diagnosis of cellulitis, abscess, hidradenitis, fasciitis, and Fournier's gangrene. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ijd.14390DOI Listing
February 2019
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A Validated Score Assessing the Risk for an Intra-Abdominal Abscess in Patients with Crohn's Disease Presenting at the Emergency Department.

J Crohns Colitis 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Institute of Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases, Department of Medicine, Hadassah - Hebrew University Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel.

Background And Aims: A majority of acutely-ill Crohn's disease (CD) patients who present to Emergency Department (ED) will undergo an abdominal CT to rule out disease complications. We aimed to generate a simple non-invasive scoring model to predict the presence of an intra-abdominal abscess in CD patients in the ED.

Methods: We performed a retrospective case control study at four Israeli hospitals from January-1 st-2010 to May-30 th-2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ecco-jcc/jjz043DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Invasive Syndrome.

Eur J Case Rep Intern Med 2018 21;5(3):000800. Epub 2018 Mar 21.

Department of Medicine, Hospital Beatriz Ângelo, Loures, Portugal.

invasive syndrome (KPIS) is a rare clinical condition characterized by primary liver abscess associated with metastatic infection. Most case reports are from Southeast Asia, with only one case described in Portugal. The Authors present the case of a 44-year-old man with a history of fever, dry cough and cervicalgia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12890/2018_000800DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6346957PMC

Evaluation of active dried yeast in the diets of feedlot steers. II. Effects on rumen pH and liver health of feedlot steers1.

J Anim Sci 2019 Mar;97(3):1347-1363

Department of Animal Science, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX.

The objective of this trial was to determine the benefits of supplementing active dried yeast (ADY; 3 × 1010 CFU/d of Saccharomyces cerevisiae) in diets of growing and finishing steers on ruminal pH and liver health, and evaluate the relationship of these variables with performance traits. Growing beef steers (n = 120) were blocked by weight (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jas/skz008DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6396254PMC
March 2019
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Isolated Cerebral Alveolar Echinococcosis.

Open Forum Infect Dis 2019 Jan 14;6(1):ofy349. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Infectious Diseases Department, CHU de Caen, Caen, France.

Cerebral alveolar echinococcosis (AE) is rare and mostly associated with liver involvement. We report an exceptional case of a 62-year-old man with a hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia harboring a primary cerebral AE mimicking neurocysticercosis with >100 cerebral lesions and without liver involvement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ofid/ofy349DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6355661PMC
January 2019
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Amoebic liver abscess: Outcomes of percutaneous needle aspiration vs drain placement in paediatric population.

J Pak Med Assoc 2019 Feb;69(Suppl 1)(1):S29-S32

Department of Radiology, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan .

Objective: To compare the effectiveness of percutaneous catheter drain placement with percutaneous needle aspiration in terms of hospital stay, time to resolution of symptoms and cost of intervention performed.

Methods: The retrospective cohort study was conducted at Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, and comprised data of patients with amoebic liver abscess from, January 2006 to December 2016 which was collected using non-probability purposeful sampling. Primary outcome included length of hospital stay, time to resolution of symptoms and cost of intervention. Read More

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February 2019

Parasitic infections as major cause of abattoir condemnations in cattle slaughtered at an Ethiopian abattoir: 10-year retrospective study.

J Helminthol 2019 Feb 7:1-7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Abattoirs are vital for gathering information on animal diseases and protecting the public from consuming infected or unhygienic meat. To assess the major reasons for organ and carcass condemnations and their financial implications, we reviewed 10-year abattoir records of slaughtered bovines between January 2005 and December 2014 at Kombolcha ELFORA abattoir, north-east Ethiopia. Of the 46,913 cattle slaughtered during that period, 17,963 (38. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022149X1900004XDOI Listing
February 2019
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Cerebellar Dysfunction in an Elderly Male After a Brief Course of Metronidazole

Curr Drug Saf 2019 02 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Department of Geriatric Medicine, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, UP. India.

Metronidazole, a widely used antibacterial and antiprotozoal drug, is often the drug of choice in amoebic liver abscess. The drug, otherwise safe, can cause serious central nervous disturbances in rare circumstances. Here, we report a case of cerebellar dysfunction in the form of slurring of speech and episodes of falls, in an elderly male following a three-week course of metronidazole therapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1574886314666190206154735DOI Listing
February 2019
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Multidisciplinary Management of Leaks After One-Anastomosis Gastric Bypass in a Single-Center Series of 2780 Consecutive Patients.

Obes Surg 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Digestive and Bariatric Surgery Unit, Hôpital Joseph Ducuing, 15 Rue Varsovie, 31027, Toulouse, France.

Purpose: Few data exist in the literature concerning leaks after one-anastomosis gastric bypass (OAGB). Our aim was to describe the incidence, presentation, and management of leaks after OAGB.

Setting: A private clinic in France. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11695-019-03754-2
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11695-019-03754-2DOI Listing
February 2019
16 Reads