J Endourol 2021 May 22;35(5):682-686. Epub 2021 Feb 22.
Department of Anatomy, Cell Biology and Physiology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA.
Pretreating the kidney with 100 low-energy shock waves (SWs) with a time pause before delivering a clinical dose of SWs (Dornier HM-3, 2000 SWs, 24 kV, and 120 SWs/min) has been shown to significantly reduce the size of the hemorrhagic lesion produced in that treated kidney, compared to a protocol without pretreatment. It has been assumed that a similar reduction in injury will occur with lithotripters other than the HM-3, but experiments to confirm this assumption are lacking. In this study, we sought to verify that the lesion protection phenomenon also occurs in a lithotripter using an electromagnetic shock source and dry-head coupling. Read More