48,568 results match your criteria Lip Reconstruction


Three-Dimensional Orofacial Changes Occurring After Proportional Condylectomy in Patients With Condylar Hyperplasia Type 1B (Unilateral Hemimandibular Elongation).

J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2018 Nov 20. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Department Head, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Sheba Medical Center, Tel-Hashomer, Affiliated to Sackler School of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel.

Purpose: To evaluate 3-dimensional orofacial changes that occurred after proportional condylectomy that was not followed by orthognathic surgery in patients with condylar hyperplasia type 1B (unilateral hemimandibular elongation).

Materials And Methods: This retrospective analysis used the medical records of 14 skeletally mature patients. Transverse, vertical, and horizontal cephalometric analyses of photographs and radiographs were undertaken. Read More

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November 2018
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Eye Tracking as a Proxy for Perceptual Evaluation of Repaired Cleft Lip.

J Craniofac Surg 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

UT Southwestern Medical Center.

Human interactions begin with near-instantaneous visual evaluation of the face, modifying emotional responses and social behavior toward the person. Eye-tracking technology can provide a potential window into how humans undertake this evaluation, and the threshold of whether a face containing a craniofacial difference is perceived as "normal." This study's main questions were whether gaze patterns differ from normal when evaluating children with craniofacial differences, and whether these gaze patterns vary with different levels of craniofacial deformity. Read More

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December 2018
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Perceptions of Attractive and Healthy-Looking Lips.

J Craniofac Surg 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Plastic Surgery, Inha University School of Medicine, Incheon, Korea.

The aim of this study was to characterize Koreans' perceptions of attractive and healthy-looking lips.A survey was conducted among 258 women and 72 men who were asked to view illustrations of various examples of the 4 lip-related ratios (lip thickness-to-width ratio [LTW]; upper-to-lower vermillion ratio [ULR]; upper vermillion thickness-to-upper lip height ratio [VUL]; and lip-to-nose width ratio [LNW]) and to choose which they thought were attractive or healthy-looking.The LTW ratios most often identified as attractive were LTW-1/3 (lip thickness is 1/3 of lip width, 40. Read More

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December 2018

The role of lip thickness in upper lip response to sagittal change of incisor position.

Orthod Craniofac Res 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Tufts University School of Dental Medicine, Boston, MA.

Objectives: To investigate the association between upper lip thickness and the amount of upper lip repositioning upon retraction of maxillary incisors.

Setting And Sample Population: Pre- and post-treatment lateral cephalograms of 101 patients were reviewed. All subjects were treated with fixed orthodontic appliances including extraction of two maxillary premolars. Read More

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December 2018

Lip Cancer: Reconsidering the at-risk patients with pathological assessment.

Oral Dis 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Pathology, Ankara A.Y. Oncology Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

Objectives: This study was aimed to overview the treatment protocols of lip cancer, find out a cut-off point of tumor diameter and depth of invasion (DOI) for the survival parameters.

Materials And Methods: One hundred ninety-one patients with lip SCC were studied.

Results: The average age of the patients was 62 years. Read More

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December 2018

A novel lncRNA-mediated trans-regulatory mechanism in the development of cleft palate in mouse.

Mol Genet Genomic Med 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Infectious Diseases, Second Affiliated Hospital of Shantou University Medical College, Shantou, China.

Background: Increasing evidence indicates that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play crucial regulatory roles in epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). However, the regulatory mechanisms during EMT of the medial edge epithelium (MEE) remain elusive. The aim of this work is to reveal a novel lncRNA-regulated dysfunction of EMT involved in the development of cleft palate (CP). Read More

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December 2018

Transcatheter and percutaneous procedures for huge pelvic arteriovenous malformations causing high-output heart failure.

J Cardiol Cases 2015 Nov 27;12(5):162-165. Epub 2015 Jul 27.

Department of Radiology, Yamaguchi University Graduate School of Medicine, Ube, Japan.

We present the case of a 63-year-old woman presenting with a huge pelvic and retroperitoneal high flow arteriovenous malformation (AVM) causing high-output heart failure, who was treated with combined therapies, including transarterial embolization with n-butyl cyanoacrylate-iodized oil mixture (NBCA-lip) and coils for the right ovarian, both internal iliac, 3rd and 4th lumber arteries, venous sclerotherapy using coils and ethanolamine oleate (EO) for the right ovarian and both internal iliac veins with balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration technique, and direct percutaneous sclerotherapy using the NBCA-lip and EO for the large nidus of AVM under outflow control using occlusion balloon catheters. < Huge arteriovenous fistulae or malformation (AVF/M) are potentially life threatening due to the potential for spontaneous hemorrhaging and high-output heart failure and are notoriously difficult to diagnose and treat. To improve the high-output heart failure, intensive and invasive combined treatments for huge AVF/M are needed including transarterial and transvenous embolization and sclerotherapy and percutaneous nidus sclerotherapy. Read More

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November 2015

The prevalence of malocclusion and orthodontic treatment need in Omani adolescent population.

J Orthod Sci 2018 15;7:21. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Department of Orthodontics, Oman Dental College, Muscat, Oman.

Objective: To determine the prevalence of malocclusion and orthodontic treatment need in a sample of Omani adolescents aged 11-16 years.

Materials And Methods: The total sample included 854 adolescents with 387 boys and 467 girls between the age of 11 and 16 years with no previous orthodontic treatment history. The study design was cross-sectional. Read More

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November 2018

Single-stage reconstruction of large defect of oral commissure and lips by submental artery island flap.

Natl J Maxillofac Surg 2018 Jul-Dec;9(2):222-224

Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Apollo Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.

Large defect of the lip and buccal mucosa created due to wide resection of the cancer is difficult to reconstruct and always a challenge. Such defects are complex as there is loss of outer skin, muscle, soft tissue, and inner mucosal lining. We report the use of submental artery island flap (SAIF) in the reconstruction of a large defect of oral commissure and buccal mucosa in a 70-year-old female with the diagnosis of verrucous carcinoma. Read More

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December 2018

Proposal for a screening questionnaire for detecting habitual mouth breathing, based on a mouth-breathing habit score.

BMC Oral Health 2018 Dec 13;18(1):216. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Oral Biomedical Research, Total Health Advisers Co., Chiba-shi, Chiba, Japan.

Background: When mouth breathing becomes habitual, it can cause sleep disorders and abnormal maxillofacial growth, thus early detection of habitual mouth breathing is important. We created a questionnaire for early detection of habitual mouth breathing using a score based on a spectrum of factors found to be characteristic of mouth breathers.

Methods: First, a draft 50-question questionnaire was given to 101 random dental clinic patients, classified by dental professionals into habitual mouth breathers (n = 28) and nose breathers (n = 73). Read More

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December 2018

Surgical Correction of Double Upper Lip Deformities Without Mucosal Excision: A Transvestibular Approach.

Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 2019 Jan/Feb;39(1):49-54

Double lip is a rare deformity that mainly affects the upper lip. The typical clinical image involves bilateral mucosal pads separated by a central groove that appear superimposed over the maxillary incisors. The deformity is rather noticeable and esthetically disturbing. Read More

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December 2018

Submucous cleft palate: from diagnosis to management

Turk J Med Sci 2018 12 12;48(6):1239-1246. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Cleft Lip and Palate, Craniomaxillofacial Anomalies Research, Treatment, and Application Center , Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey

Background/aim: The aim of this study was to investigate submucous cleft palate (SMCP) patients in order to document the age of diagnosis, cause of referral, symptoms and palate findings, objective evaluation of nasalance and velopharyngeal dysfunction (VPD), and intervention type.

Material And Methods: The archive of Hacettepe University Cleft Lip and Palate, Craniomaxillofacial Anomalies Research, Treatment, and Application Center was reviewed retrospectively, and 166 patients diagnosed with SMCP were documented.

Results: The mean age of the patients at the time of initial referral was 10 years and 3 months ± 8 years and 5 months with the youngest being 1 month and the oldest 44 years old. Read More

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December 2018

The effect of facial expression on facial symmetry in surgically managed unilateral cleft lip and palate patients (UCLP).

J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 2018 Nov 2. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

Glasgow Dental Hospital & School, University of Glasgow, 378 Sauchiehall Street, Glasgow G2 3JZ, UK. Electronic address:

Aim: To evaluate the symmetry of facial expression in surgically managed UCLP patients.

Materials And Methods: The study was conducted on 13 four-year-old children. Facial images were captured at rest and at maximum smile using stereophotogrammetry. Read More

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November 2018

Importance of glottis landmarks for the assessment of cleft lip and palate speech intelligibility.

J Acoust Soc Am 2018 Nov;144(5):2656

Department of Electronics and Electrical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Guwahati, Assam 781039, India.

The present work explores the acoustic characteristics of articulatory deviations near g(lottis) landmarks to derive the correlates of cleft lip and palate speech intelligibility. The speech region around the g landmark is used to compute two different acoustic features, namely, two-dimensional discrete cosine transform based joint spectro-temporal features, and Mel-frequency cepstral coefficients. Sentence-specific acoustic models are built using these features extracted from the normal speakers' group. Read More

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November 2018

[New insight of craniofacial and oral findings of the RASopathies].

Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi 2018 Dec;53(12):858-861

Department of Cleft Lip and Palate Surgery, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University & State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases & National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases, Chengdu 610041, China.

The RASopathies are a group of syndromes that have in common germline mutations in genes that encode components of the RAS/mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway and have been a focus of study to understand the role of this pathway in development and disease. These syndromes include Noonan syndrome (NS), NS with multiple lentigines (NSML), neu-rofibromatosis type 1 (NF1), Costello syndrome (CS), cardio-facio-cutaneous (CFC) syndrome, neurofibromatosis type 1-like syndrome (NFLS) and capillary malformation-arteriovenous malformation syndrome (CM-AVM). These disorders affect multiple systems, including the craniofacial complex. Read More

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December 2018

The Effectiveness of an International Cleft Mission Model in Asia: An Update.

Ann Plast Surg 2019 Jan;82(1S Suppl 1):S23-S28

Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery and Craniofacial Research Center, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan.

Background: Cleft lip/palate is a congenital craniofacial anomaly affecting patients physically and psychosocially and has contributed to the global burden of surgical disease, especially in underprivileged areas. For 20 years, Noordhoff Craniofacial Foundation (NCF) and the Chang Gung Craniofacial Center (CGCFC) have carried out missions to these areas. Rather than implementing short-term missions that lack proper follow-up care, the team has provided an effective, long-term, and multidisciplinary approach for the treatment of patients with cleft lip/palate. Read More

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January 2019
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Non-invasive imaging techniques for early diagnosis of radiation-induced squamous cell carcinoma of the lip.

Rom J Morphol Embryol 2018 ;59(3):949-953

"Victor Babeş" National Institute for Research and Development in Pathology and Biomedical Sciences, Bucharest, Romania;

Ionizing radiation was used in the past for treatment of several benign cutaneous conditions, and particularly hemangiomas. Even though radiotherapy was generally effective, it significantly augmented the risk for malignancies, resulting in a consequent heavy decline of its use for benign conditions. However, radiation-induced neoplasia is still encountered in adult patients irradiated during childhood or adolescence. Read More

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January 2018
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The prognostic value of CXCR4, α-SMA and WASL in upper lip basal cell carcinomas.

Rom J Morphol Embryol 2018 ;59(3):839-849

Department of Dental Materials, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Romania;

Lip cancers account for 10-12% of the total head and neck cancers and, although squamous cell carcinoma is by far the most common lower lip cancer, the basal cell carcinoma (BCC) seems to be more common for the upper lip. Most BCCs have a clinically indolent behavior, but there are also local aggressive and∕or metastatic cases, with the incidence of such cases being estimated at about 1-10% of all cases of BCC. Many of the molecular mechanisms underlying this aggression are still unknown, which is why our study aimed to investigate the potential prognosis of a few markers, such as C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4 (CXCR4), alpha-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome like (WASL) in upper lip BCCs. Read More

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January 2018
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Prenatal diagnosis of cleft lip and cleft lip palate - a case series.

Med Ultrason 2018 Dec;20(4):531-535

University of Medicine and Pharmacy Tirgu Mures, Romania.

Aim: Orofacial clefts comprise cleft lip (CL) or cleft lip-palate (CLP) and are the most frequently encountered malformation of the facial region, accounting for approximately 1-2.2/1,000 live births. The aim of this study was to reveal the particularities regarding the prenatal diagnosis of orofacial clefts in a series of 11 cases diagnosed in a tertiary center. Read More

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December 2018

Function Preservation of the Upper Lip after Tumor Resection Using Residual Orbicularis Oris Muscle and Attached Levator Labii Superioris Alaeque Nasi.

Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2018 Oct 4;6(10):e1962. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

Division of Plastic Surgery, Nara Medical University Hospital, Nara, Japan.

We report a case, function preservation of the upper lip after tumor resection was possible using residual orbicularis oris muscle and attached levator labii superioris alaeque nasi. Patient was 67-year-old male with squamous cell carcinoma at the vermilion border. The tumor was resected with an 8-mm margin, leaving the oral mucosa as intact as possible. Read More

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October 2018
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Facial Soft-tissue Mobility: Baseline Dynamics of Patients with Unilateral Facial Paralysis.

Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2018 Oct 4;6(10):e1955. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

Department of Orthodontics, Tufts University School of Dental Medicine, Boston, Mass.

Background: The aims of this observational study were 2-fold: (1) To demonstrate a method and measures to quantify impaired facial soft-tissue movements in patients with facial paralysis; and (2) To quantify the differences in magnitude and velocity of facial soft-tissue movements between patients with facial paralysis and control participants.

Methods: The study sample that addressed both aims consisted of 20 adults with acute, unilateral, flaccid facial paralysis who presented at the onset of their paralysis, and a control group of 20 healthy adults. Dynamic 3D facial movement data were collected from each participant during 11 facial animations. Read More

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October 2018

Total Nose and Upper Lip Replantation: A Case Report and Literature Review.

Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2018 Oct 3;6(10):e1839. Epub 2018 Oct 3.

Division of Plastic Surgery, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.

The nose plays a critical role in olfaction, air filtration and humidification, and facial aesthetics. Most nasal amputations result from animal bites, human bites, and lacerations from glass. Successful replantation yields the best aesthetic and functional outcomes and is preferred compared with multistage nasal reconstruction. Read More

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October 2018
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OSC10: Observation of the Teeth Position in Cleft Lip and Palate Patients using Three-Dimensional Assessment.

J Indian Prosthodont Soc 2018 Oct;18(Suppl 1):S11

Department of Maxillofacial Prosthetics, Graduate School, Tokyo Medical and Dental University (TMDU), Tokyo, Japan.

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October 2018

Ultrasound-guided trigeminal nerve block and its comparison with conventional analgesics in patients undergoing faciomaxillary surgery: Randomised control trial.

Indian J Anaesth 2018 Nov;62(11):871-875

Department of Dentistry, AIIMS, Patna, Bihar, India.

Background And Aims: Ultrasound (USG)-guided injection in pterygopalatine fossa is an indirect approach to block the trigeminal nerve. Trigeminal nerve block for maxillofacial surgeries may provide preemptive analgesia, reduce opioid consumption and opioid-related adverse effects.

Methods: In this randomised, prospective double-blind study, 60 American Society of Anesthesiologists I/II patients, within the age group of 18-60 years scheduled for faciomaxillary surgery (fracture/pathological lesion of maxilla or mandible and cleft lip), were recruited. Read More

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November 2018
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Outcome of Patients with Complete Unilateral Cleft Lip and Palate: 20-Years Follow-up of Treatment Protocol.

Plast Reconstr Surg 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery, and Craniofacial Research Center, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan. Email:

Background: The treatment plan for cleft lip and palate varies among centers, and requires long-term evaluation of its final outcome.

Methods: A consecutive patients born in 1994 to 1996 were reviewed. Inclusion criteria were complete unilateral cleft lip and palate, receiving all treatment procedures in the team and continuous follow-ups until 20 years of age. Read More

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November 2018

Combined Primary Cleft Lip and Palate Repair: Is It Safe?

J Craniofac Surg 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Hansjörg Wyss Department of Plastic Surgery, New York University Langone Health, New York, NY.

Background: Single-stage primary cleft lip and palate (PCLP) repair is controversial in the United States, and most patients are treated with a staged approach. In this study, early postoperative complications of the single-stage approach as compared to primary cleft lip (PCL) or primary cleft palate (PCP) alone were evaluated. This study represents the largest cohort of patients undergoing combined cleft lip and palate repair. Read More

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December 2018

Gauging electrical properties of bone with a bioimpedance-sensing drill.

Physiol Meas 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Thayer School of Engineering at Dartmouth, Hanover, New Hampshire, UNITED STATES.

Objective: Multiple surgical procedures require drilling through bone to access underlying anatomy or for device placement. In dental applications, iatrogenic injury caused by accidental perforation of cortical bone into critical anatomy occurs in a significant number of dental implant procedures. Limited real-time sensing methods are available to guide clinicians while drilling through cancellous bone towards cortical interfaces. Read More

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December 2018

Elevated blood plasma levels of tissue factor-bearing extracellular vesicles in patients with atrial fibrillation.

Thromb Res 2018 Dec 2;173:141-150. Epub 2018 Dec 2.

Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Aalborg University Hospital, Hobrovej 18-22, 9000 Aalborg, Denmark; Department of Clinical Medicine, Aalborg University, Søndre Skovvej 15, 9000 Aalborg, Denmark; Aalborg AF Study Group, Aalborg University Hospital, Hobrovej 18-22, 9000 Aalborg, Denmark; EVsearch.dk, Denmark. Electronic address:

Background: The risk of thrombus formation in the left atrial appendage (LAA) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) may result from blood stasis, local endocardial changes, and/or changed blood composition. Extracellular vesicles (EVs), especially subtypes exposing tissue factor (TF), have procoagulant capacity. We hypothesized that blood concentrations of TF-bearing EVs and other procoagulant biomarkers are elevated in AF patients, particularly in the LAA lumen. Read More

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December 2018

Anatomy of the superficial temporal artery in patients with unilateral microtia.

J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 2018 Sep 28. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

Lenox Hill Radiology, 61 East 77th Street, Ofc 1, New York, NY 10075, United States.

Background: This retrospective study evaluated the anatomical distribution of the superficial temporal artery (STA) in supply of the temporoparietal fascial (TPF) flap for use in patients with unilateral microtia undergoing reconstruction. We aimed to determine whether embryologic arrest of pharyngeal arch development would lead to aberrant STA, which impedes reliable harvest of the TPF flap in patients requiring microtia repair.

Methods: CT angiograms (CTAs) and 3D reconstruction of the face and neck of 41 patients with microtia, aged 6-21 years, were examined. Read More

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September 2018

Velopharyngeal insufficiency after maxillary advancement in patients with cleft palate - a survey of risk assessment in the United Kingdom and Ireland.

Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Northern and Yorkshire Cleft Lip and Palate Service, Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Leeds General Infirmary, Great George St, Leeds LS1 3EX.

Patients with cleft lip and palate may require orthognathic surgery to correct severe impairments in midfacial growth. Maxillary advancement in this group, however, is linked to deterioration in velopharyngeal function (VPF), and it is not clear how cleft teams assess this risk. We therefore surveyed surgeons from 15 cleft units who provide orthognathic treatment, to gain an understanding of current practice in the UK and Ireland. Read More

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December 2018

Relation of the CHADS-VASc Score to Risk of Thrombotic and Embolic Stroke in Community-Dwelling Individuals Without Atrial Fibrillation (From The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities [ARIC] Study).

Am J Cardiol 2018 Nov 6. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Cardiovascular Division, Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, Minnesota.

Recent hospital-based cohort studies found the CHADS-VASc score to be associated with ischemic stroke in individuals without atrial fibrillation (AF). Our aim was to determine the distribution of embolic and thrombotic strokes and association with the CHADS-VASc score, among community-dwelling individuals without AF. We included participants from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study who attended visit 4 (1996 to 1998) and had no previous AF, stroke, or anticoagulant use (n = 10,671). Read More

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November 2018
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Impact of Body Mass Index on Outcomes in the Edoxaban Versus Warfarin Therapy Groups in Patients Underwent Cardioversion of Atrial Fibrillation (from ENSURE-AF).

Am J Cardiol 2018 Nov 24. Epub 2018 Nov 24.

St. Vincenz-Hospital, Paderborn, Germany; Working Group: Molecular Electrophysiology, University Hospital Magdeburg, Magdeburg, Germany.

In the EdoxabaN versus warfarin in subjectS UndeRgoing cardiovErsion of Atrial Fibrillation study (NCT 02072434), edoxaban showed similar efficacy and safety versus enoxaparin-warfarin in patients underwent electrical cardioversion of nonvalvular atrial fibrillation. In this ancillary analysis, we compared the primary efficacy (composite of stroke, systemic embolic event, myocardial infarction, cardiovascular death, and overall study period) and safety (composite of major and clinically relevant nonmajor bleeding, on-treatment) end points in relation to body mass index (BMI; <30 vs ≥30 kg/m). We also compared cardioversion outcomes in relation to BMI. Read More

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November 2018

Enhancing solid tumor therapy with sequential delivery of dexamethasone and docetaxel engineered in a single carrier to overcome stromal resistance to drug delivery.

J Control Release 2018 Dec 5;294:1-16. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Beijing Key Laboratory of Molecular Pharmaceutics and New Drug Delivery System, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100191, China. Electronic address:

Nanomedicines are often designed to target and treat solid tumors. Unfortunately, tumor and stroma composed of dense extracellular matrix, abnormal vascular barriers, elevated interstitial fluid pressure, et al., which impede the access and accumulation of nanomedicines into tumors. Read More

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December 2018
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Experience with 5% ethanolamine oleate for sclerotherapy of oral vascular anomalies: A cohort of 15 consecutive patients.

J Craniomaxillofac Surg 2018 Nov 16. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Department of the Oral Surgery and Pathology, School of Dentistry, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, Brazil.

Purpose: To describe the effectiveness and safety of a sclerotherapy protocol with 5% ethanolamine oleate (EO) at 0.1 mL/3 mm for oral vascular anomalies (OVAs). Our hypothesis is that EO applied at a concentration of 5% may decrease the number of sessions necessary for clinical healing. Read More

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November 2018

Secondary alveolar bone grafting in cleft lip and palate: A comparative analysis of donor site morbidity in different age groups.

J Craniomaxillofac Surg 2018 Nov 12. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Department of Pediatric Surgery (Head: Professor Ewa Sawicka), Institute of Mother and Child Warsaw, Poland.

Introduction: There is no consensus regarding the optimal timing for secondary alveolar bone grafting for clefts defects. We aimed to investigate the potential correlation between the age of patients during surgery, donor site symptoms, surgical time and hospitalization following this procedure.

Material And Methods: The outcome of 195 consecutive alveolar bone grafting procedures among different age groups (mean: 7. Read More

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November 2018

Morphological and molecular characterization of two new species of the genus Aporcelinus Andrássy, 2009 (Nematoda, Dorylaimida, Aporcelaimidae) from the USA, with new insights on the phylogeny of the genus.

J Helminthol 2018 Dec 11:1-10. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Departamento de Biología Animal, Biología Vegetal y Ecología,Universidad de Jaén,Campus 'Las Lagunillas' s/n,Edificio B3,23071- Jaén,Spain.

Two new species of the genus Aporcelinus from the USA are described and illustrated. Aporcelinus floridensis sp. n. Read More

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December 2018

Comment on Malmborn, Becker, and Klintö: Problems With Reliability of Speech Variables for Use in Quality Registries for Cleft Lip and Palate-Experiences From the Swedish Cleft Lip and Palate Registry, CPCJ 2018.

Authors:
Anette Lohmander

Cleft Palate Craniofac J 2018 Dec 9:1055665618817654. Epub 2018 Dec 9.

1 Division of Speech & Language Pathology, CLINTEC, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

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December 2018

A Programmable Expander for Patients With Cleft Lip and Palate.

Cleft Palate Craniofac J 2018 Dec 9:1055665618815398. Epub 2018 Dec 9.

3 Children's Hospital Los Angeles (CHLA), University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

This report describes a method to expand cleft segments of patients with cleft lip and palate prior to the secondary alveolar bone graft (ABG) using a reprogrammable nickel titanium expander. The expander can be reprogrammed with electric current to the desired width for each patient and delivers a gradual slow expansive spring force that expands and aligns the segments without further adjustments. Reprogramming the expander eliminates the need for multiple appliances and reduces chair time and patient appointments. Read More

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December 2018

Clinical Outcomes Utilizing a "Modified Latham" Appliance for Presurgical Infant Orthopedics in Patients With Unilateral Complete Cleft Lip and Palate.

Cleft Palate Craniofac J 2018 Dec 9:1055665618816892. Epub 2018 Dec 9.

1 Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Johns Hopkins All Children's Hospital, St Petersburg, FL, USA.

Presurgical infant orthopedic manipulation is utilized prior to cleft lip/nasal repair to facilitate a gingivoperiosteoplasty (GPP) and primary nasolabial repairs. The Latham dentomaxillary advancement appliance uses a screw that must be tightened daily to approximate the cleft segments in unilateral complete clefts. Our cleft center has been utilizing a "modified Latham" appliance since 1987, including an orthodontic elastic power chain to close the gap in a shorter amount of time. Read More

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December 2018

Improvements in the perception of facial attractiveness following surgical aesthetic treatment; study based on online before and after photos.

J Cosmet Dermatol 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Aesthetic Medicine, Medical University of Bialystok, Bialystok, Poland.

Background: Aesthetic surgery procedures such as lip augmentation, eyelid correction, face-lifting, or Botox treatment for lines and wrinkles are an important part of cosmetic surgery.

Objectives: The aim of the study was to estimate improvement in appearance following plastic surgery using modern collective intelligence methods of validation.

Methods: A total of 108 photographs showing 54 patients prior to and following cosmetic surgery were downloaded from Internet web presentations of several unnamed plastic surgeons. Read More

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December 2018
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Dento-skeletal characteristics of cleft patients with missing teeth.

Clin Cosmet Investig Dent 2018 8;10:237-244. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Advanced Education Program in Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, UMKC School of Dentistry, Kansas City, MO, USA.

Objective: The objective of this study was to compare the cephalometric skeletal and dental characteristics of unilateral complete cleft lip and palate (UCCLP) subjects with and without missing teeth.

Design: A retrospective records review was conducted for patients who are being treated at the cleft lip and palate (CLP) clinics in the College of Dentistry.

Methods: Ninety-six consecutive records of non-syndromic UCCLP subjects were recruited (33 subjects without missing teeth, 50 subjects with only one missing tooth, and 13 subjects with two or more missing teeth). Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

A Novel Approach for the Reconstruction of Premaxilla by Archwise Distraction in Bilateral Cleft Lip and Palate.

J Craniofac Surg 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Okan University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Interdental distraction osteogenesis has been introduced as a successful treatment protocol for repairing large clefts. In this article, a new method for reconstruction of the premaxilla in 2 bilateral cleft lip and palate patients is introduced. The aim was to distract the lateral segments through the curve of the dental arch, achieve complete closure of the gaps, and use the premaxilla as a bone graft. Read More

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November 2018
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Lung squamous carcinoma involving the lip and cheek.

Lancet Oncol 2018 Dec;19(12):e726

Department of Medical Oncology, Lung Cancer and Gastrointestinal Unit, Hunan Cancer Hospital/The Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Xiangya School of Medicine, Changsha, China. Electronic address:

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December 2018
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NTN1 gene was risk to NSCLO among Han Chinese Population.

Oral Dis 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases & National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases & Dept. of cleft lip and palate, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University.

Objective: Genome wide association studies (GWAS) found NTN1, NOG and the region between CREBBP and ADCY9 were risks to non-syndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate (NSCL/P). However, the association of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in these genes with NSCL/P in Western China is unknown.

Subjects And Methods: We selected seven SNPs in NTN1, NOG and between CREBBP and ADCY9, then performed transmission disequilibrium test (TDT), parent-of-origin effect and sliding window haplotype analysis to test the associations among 302 NSCL/P case-parent trios from Western Han Chinese. Read More

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December 2018
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United Reference Method for three-dimensional treatment evaluation.

Prog Orthod 2018 Dec 3;19(1):47. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Head of Orthodontic Division and Chair of the Postgraduate Orthodontic Program, Department of Orthodontics, University of Campania Luigi Vanvitelli, Via L. De Crecchio 6, 80138, Naples, Italy.

Background: Reproducible and descriptive Three-dimensional treatment evaluation can enhance future treatment based on realistic results. So, the purpose of this study was to describe a new method for three-dimensional treatment evaluation showing how to use fully-automated craniofacial superimposition of CBCT records combined with reference system to obtain descriptive and comparable results. This new method was named United Reference Method (URM). Read More

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December 2018

Untreated incomplete isolated cleft palate: cadaveric findings.

Anat Sci Int 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Seattle Science Foundation, 550 17th Avenue, Suite 600, Seattle, WA, 98122, USA.

Isolated cleft palate without cleft lip is a rare deformity. Cleft lip and cleft palate can sometimes develop in combination with a syndrome due to genetic causes. Affected patients have morbidity through life from birth and experience comprehensive treatment for such clefts including surgery. Read More

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November 2018
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The refinement of the median tubercle of cleft lip.

Authors:
Jyotsna Murthy

Indian J Plast Surg 2018 May-Aug;51(2):131-136

Department of Plastic Surgery, Sri Ramachandra Medical College and Research Institute, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Aim: Repair of cleft lip aims to bring symmetry and provide normal aesthetics for the lip. Several techniques have been employed; however, the finer aspect of median lip tubercle has not been emphasised in cleft lip repair.

Materials And Methods: We have modified cleft lip repair, both unilateral and bilateral, preserving all the tissues of the median tubercle to provide normal-looking median tubercle of the lip. Read More

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December 2018
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Strawberry marks on lip.

Am J Med 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, Zip code - 50603. Electronic address:

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November 2018
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Cost Implications of Anticoagulation Strategies After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Among Patients With Atrial Fibrillation (A PIONEER-AF PCI Analysis).

Am J Cardiol 2018 Nov 6. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Cardiovascular Division, Department of Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Massachusetts. Electronic address:

The PIONEER AF-PCI trial demonstrated that in atrial fibrillation patients who underwent intracoronary stenting, either rivaroxaban 15 mg daily plus P2Y inhibitor monotherapy (Group 1) or 2.5 mg rivaroxaban twice daily plus dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) (Group 2) was associated with fewer recurrent hospitalizations, primarily for bleeding and cardiovascular events, compared with standard-of-care vitamin K antagonist and DAPT (Group 3). Associated costs are unknown. Read More

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November 2018
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