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    Functional lower lip reconstruction with the partial latissimus dorsi muscle free flap without nerve coaptation.
    Microsurgery 2018 Feb 23. Epub 2018 Feb 23.
    Department of Neurology, Akdeniz University Hospital, Antalya, Turkey.
    Background: The repair of extensive lower lip defects is difficult due to the presence of both functional and esthetic requirements. This report describes functional lip repair using the partial latissimus dorsi free flap without nerve coaptation.

    Methods: Reconstruction of the lower lip due to subtotal and total tissue defects was performed using latissimus dorsi free flap on twelve patients, between 2013 and 2017. Read More

    Total Lower Lip Reconstruction With Functional Gracilis Free Muscle Flap.
    J Craniofac Surg 2018 Feb 14. Epub 2018 Feb 14.
    Department of Plastic Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery.
    Free flaps based on static slings principles cannot provide esthetic and functional outcomes at a desired level in total or close to total lip loss. Therefore, dynamic methods have become a current issue in recent years and especially the idea of functional gracilis free muscle flap has been suggested. In this study, we present a case of a successful total lower lip repair with this flap. Read More

    Magnetic Resonance Imaging Diagnosis of Medial Meniscal Ramp Lesions in Patients With Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries.
    Arthroscopy 2018 Feb 15. Epub 2018 Feb 15.
    Department of Orthopaedic Sports Surgery, Asakura Sports Rehabilitation Clinic, Maebashi, Gunma, Japan.
    Purpose: To prospectively evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for diagnosing ramp lesions, to compare them between 1.5- and 3-T MRI, and to evaluate whether bone contusion of the posterior lip of the medial tibial plateau was associated with ramp lesions.

    Methods: For 155 knees that underwent primary ACL reconstruction, we prospectively examined for ramp lesions and medial meniscal body tears on MRI. Read More

    An Intercenter Comparison of Nasolabial Appearance Including a Center Using Nasoalveolar Molding.
    Cleft Palate Craniofac J 2018 Jan 1:1055665618754947. Epub 2018 Jan 1.
    12 Lancaster Cleft Palate Clinic, Lancaster, PA, USA.
    Objective: To compare nasolabial appearance outcomes of patients with complete unilateral cleft lip and palate (CUCLP) in preadolescence from 4 cleft centers including a center using nasoalveolar molding (NAM) and primary nasal reconstruction.

    Design: Retrospective cohort study.

    Setting: Four cleft centers in North America. Read More

    Application of Digital Diagnosis and Treatment Technique in Benign Mandibular Diseases.
    J Craniofac Surg 2018 Feb 6. Epub 2018 Feb 6.
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Sichuan University West China College of Stomatology, Chengdu, China.
    Purpose: To explore the feasibility of preoperative planning for treatment of benign mandibular lesions (BML) using digital technologies such as three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction, measurement, visualization as well as image contrast and design of neural positioning protection template (NPPT) in combination with 3D printing technology in the BML diagnosis and treatment.

    Methods: The 3D models of BML and inferior alveolar nerves (IAN) of 10 BML patients were reconstructed based on their digital imaging and communications in medicine (DICOM) data using MIMICS16.0 software. Read More

    Additive Manufacturing Techniques for the Reconstruction of 3D Fetal Faces.
    Appl Bionics Biomech 2017 19;2017:9701762. Epub 2017 Dec 19.
    Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy.
    This paper deals with additive manufacturing techniques for the creation of 3D fetal face models starting from routine 3D ultrasound data. In particular, two distinct themes are addressed. First, a method for processing and building 3D models based on the use of medical image processing techniques is proposed. Read More

    Oral mucosa grafting in periorbital reconstruction.
    Orbit 2018 Feb 6:1-18. Epub 2018 Feb 6.
    a Corneoplastic Unit , Queen Victoria Hospital NHS Foundation Trust , East Grinstead , UK.
    To provide an extensive literature review on the clinical indications of oral mucosa grafts (OMG) and minor salivary gland grafts (MSGG) in periorbital reconstruction together with safe practice graft harvesting techniques to minimize donor-site morbidity. A literature review was performed by searching the databases of PUBMED, EMBASE, and COCHRANE library using the keywords: minor salivary glands; oral mucosal graft; orbit; and eye. The bibliographies of the pertinent articles were examined for additional papers. Read More

    Standard morphology of the oral commissure and changes resulting from reconstruction for defects involving the commissure.
    Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2018 Feb 2. Epub 2018 Feb 2.
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Gunma University Graduate School of Medicine, Gunma, Japan.
    The aim of this study was to characterize the standard morphology of the oral commissure and to describe the changes after reconstruction in patients with through-and-through cheek defects involving the oral commissure. Indices for the morphological analyses of the commissure were derived from examinations of 50 normal Japanese volunteers. Ten patients with full-thickness cheek defects involving the commissure were then evaluated. Read More

    Use of Social Media and an Online Survey to Discuss Complex Reconstructive Surgery: A Case of Upper Lip Reconstruction with 402 Responses from International Microsurgeons.
    J Reconstr Microsurg 2018 Feb 2. Epub 2018 Feb 2.
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou Medical Center and Chang Gung Medical College and Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan.
    Background:  The best reconstructive strategy for upper lip defects is still in debate. The purpose of this study was to analyze the decisions made by international microsurgeons, who were participated through online questionnaire, distributed by email and social media network.

    Materials And Methods:  A case of a two-thirds upper lip oncologic defect was presented via an online questionnaire and 402 microsurgeons replied their treatment options. Read More

    [A Patient with Lower Lip Verrucous Carcinoma Treated with a Tongue Flap for Functional and Esthetic Reconstruction].
    Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2017 Nov;44(12):1936-1938
    Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, National Hospital Organization Hamada Medical Center.
    Surgery is generally indicated for the treatment of lower lip carcinoma. However, surgery can lead to esthetic as well as functional issues, with disturbances in eating and articulation. If the defect involves less than one-third of the width of the lower lip, primary closure is possible. Read More

    Primary Repair in Patients With Unilateral Complete Cleft of Lip and Primary Palate: Assessment of Outcomes.
    Ann Plast Surg 2018 Feb;80(2S Suppl 1):S2-S6
    Objective: Asymmetry of median facial structures is a major concern for patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate, and the principal goal of its treatment is to restore symmetry. Unilateral complete cleft of lip and primary palate (UCCLPP) is an uncommon subgroup and rarely reported. Patients with UCCLPP have protruding and deviating premaxilla, rendering a primary repair difficult. Read More

    One-Stage vs. Two-Stage Repair of Asymmetric Bilateral Cleft Lip: A 20-Year Retrospective Study of Clinical Outcome.
    Plast Reconstr Surg 2018 Jan 12. Epub 2018 Jan 12.
    Fellow, Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery, and Craniofacial Research Center, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan.
    Background: The one-stage or two-stage approaches have been a widely used technique for patients with an asymmetric bilateral cleft lip (ABCL). There is insufficient long-term outcome data between these two methods. The purpose of this retrospective study is to compare the clinical outcome over the last 20 years. Read More

    Resorbable Plates in Secondary Cleft Nasal Reconstruction.
    Cleft Palate Craniofac J 2018 Feb 14;55(2):226-230. Epub 2017 Dec 14.
    2 Division of Pediatric Plastic Surgery, Department of Pediatric Surgery, McGovern Medical School, University of Texas Health Sciences Center, Houston and Children's Memorial Hermann Hospital, Houston, TX, USA.
    Objective: The authors report on the use and complications of alloplastic resorbable plates and compare their use to autologous cartilage grafts in secondary cleft nasal reconstruction.

    Design: Institutional review board (IRB)-approved retrospective chart review.

    Setting: Texas Cleft-Craniofacial Center at the McGovern Medical School at the University of Texas Health Sciences Center at Houston. Read More

    Versatility of Modified Nasolabial Flap in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery.
    Arch Craniofac Surg 2017 Dec 23;18(4):243-248. Epub 2017 Dec 23.
    Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Sri Aurobindo College of Dentistry, Indore, India.
    Background: To evaluate the versatility and reach of modified nasolabial flap used in reconstruction of defects created in and around the oral cavity.

    Methods: A total number of 20 cases were selected. Out of which 13 were males and 7 females. Read More

    Long-term craniofacial morphology in young adults treated for a non-syndromal UCLP: A systematic review.
    J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 2017 Dec 13. Epub 2017 Dec 13.
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Wilhelmina Children's Hospital, Lundlaan 6, 3584 EA, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
    Minimizing mid-facial growth impairment is one of the treatment goals in cleft lip and palate surgery. As growth of the maxilla extends into young adulthood, long-term evaluation is essential to make a comprehensive assessment of a treatment protocol. There are numerous treatment approaches for cleft lip/palate surgery, and most have the characteristic distinction between either an early or a late cleft palate closure. Read More

    Genome-wide comparisons reveal evidence for a species complex in the black-lip pearl oyster Pinctada margaritifera (Bivalvia: Pteriidae).
    Sci Rep 2018 Jan 9;8(1):191. Epub 2018 Jan 9.
    Centre for Sustainable Tropical Fisheries and Aquaculture and College of Science and Engineering, James Cook University, Townsville Campus, Townsville, QLD 4811, Queensland, Australia.
    Evolutionary relationships in the black-lip pearl oyster Pinctada margaritifera which is highly valued for pearl production remain poorly understood. This species possesses an 18,000 km Indo-Pacific natural distribution, and its current description includes six subspecies defined exclusively on morphological characters. To evaluate its taxonomic identity using molecular data, 14 populations in both the Indian and Pacific Oceans (n = 69), and the congeneric taxa P. Read More

    [Soft tissue management to control nasal changes after Le Fort I Osteotomy].
    Orthod Fr 2017 Dec 9;88(4):343-346. Epub 2018 Jan 9.
    Institute of Maxillofacial Surgery, Teknon Medical Center, Barcelona, Spain - Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Universitat Internacional de Catalunya, Sant Cugat del Vallès, Barcelona, Spain.
    Introduction: Adverse effects in the nasolabial region should be anticipated after Le Fort I osteotomy. Intraoperative factors such as the extent of surgical dissection, type of closure and perinasal soft tissue reconstruction seem to influence soft tissue response. Attempts to control these changes have been made over the years and several techniques have been proposed. Read More

    Unit Advancement Flap for Lower Lip Reconstruction.
    J Craniofac Surg 2018 Jan 5. Epub 2018 Jan 5.
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Toho University Omori Medical Center, Tokyo, Japan.
    Background: Lower lip reconstruction requires consideration of esthetic and functional outcome in selecting a surgical procedure, and reconstruction with local tissue is useful. The authors reconstructed full-thickness defects with a unit advancement flap.

    Methods: Reconstruction was performed using this method in 4 patients with lower lip squamous cell carcinoma in whom tumor resection with preservation of the mouth angle was possible. Read More

    Superiorly based nasolabial island flap for reconstruction of the lateral lower eyelid
    Turk J Med Sci 2017 Dec 19;47(6):1673-1680. Epub 2017 Dec 19.
    Background/aim: Various flap procedures have been described and used for the lower eyelids; however, the nasolabial flap is rarely employed. We herein aimed to present the clinical results of using the superiorly based nasolabial island flap for repair of surgical defects extending to the lateral lower eyelid. Materials and methods: Nine patients with a mean age of 62 +- 6 years underwent surgery for reconstruction of the lower eyelid. Read More

    Evaluating Resident Perspectives on International Humanitarian Missions.
    J Craniofac Surg 2017 Dec 27. Epub 2017 Dec 27.
    Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, Stanford University Medical Center, Palo Alto, CA.
    Background: Opportunities for international missions are highly sought after by medical students, residents, and attending plastic surgeons. The educational benefits and ethical considerations of trainees participating in these ventures have been extensively debated. At the time of this writing, many surgical training programs lack the necessary infrastructure or funds to support missions of this sort. Read More

    Bone regeneration using composite non-demineralized xenogenic dentin with beta-tricalcium phosphate in experimental alveolar cleft repair in a rabbit model.
    J Transl Med 2017 Dec 23;15(1):263. Epub 2017 Dec 23.
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, RWTH Aachen University, Pauwelsstraße 30, 52074, Aachen, Germany.
    Background: Alveolar cleft repair is performed via bone grafting procedure to restore the dental arch continuity. A suitable bone substitute materials should possess osteoinductive and osteoconductive properties, to promote new bone formation, along with a slowly resorbable scaffold that is subsequently replaced with functionally viable bone. Calcium phosphate biomaterials have long proved their efficacy as bone replacement materials. Read More

    Karapandzic Flap for Esthetic and Functional Reconstruction of Large Defect of Lower Lip.
    Ann Maxillofac Surg 2017 Jul-Dec;7(2):300-303
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Rural Dental College, Ahmednagar, Maharashtra, India.
    Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common cancer occurring in the oral cavity. The lips are one of the most common sites of occurrence with involvement, lower lip being more common than upper. Reconstruction of large defects of lower lip with good functional and esthetic outcome is the biggest challenge faced by the surgeon. Read More

    Strategy for Nasal Reconstruction in Atypical Facial Clefts.
    Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2017 Nov 3;5(11):e874. Epub 2017 Nov 3.
    Department of Plastic Surgery and Burn, Menoufia University, Menoufia, Egypt.
    It is difficult to put forward a strategy for the treatment of nasal clefts due to the rarity and diversity of anatomical aberrations of these cases contrary to the common nasal affection in cleft lip and palate patients, which differ in severity rather than differing in the morbid anatomy. This simple strategy for correction of these nasal clefts will hopefully help surgeons to achieve better results. In the mean time I intended to describe the morbid anatomy of these cases by choosing examples of each morbid anatomy. Read More

    A Systematic Review of Lower Lip Anatomy, Mechanics of Local Flaps, and Special Considerations for Lower Lip Reconstruction.
    J Drugs Dermatol 2017 12;16(12):1254-1261
    Reconstruction of defects of the lower lip can be very challenging. The aim of this review is to analyze the unique characteristics of lower lip anatomy and provide a systematic approach for lower lip reconstruction. A review of current literature was performed using the PubMed database. Read More

    Ex corpore linguae: A cohort analysis after a unique surgical technique in oral cancer resection.
    J Craniomaxillofac Surg 2018 Feb 21;46(2):190-194. Epub 2017 Nov 21.
    University Hospital Giessen, Dept. for Maxillofacial Surgery, Head: Prof. Dr. Dr. Hans-Peter Howaldt, Klinikstr. 33, 35385, Giessen, Germany.
    Objective: Resection of posteriorly located oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCCs) remains challenging for head and neck surgeons. However, several surgical techniques, such as lip and mandibular splitting, as well as submental "visor drop-down" of intraoral soft tissues, have been proposed for this purpose. Merrick et al. Read More

    Revisiting lip shave: a solution for disorders of the vermilion border.
    Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2018 Jan 6;56(1):60-63. Epub 2017 Dec 6.
    Maxillofacial Unit, Poole Hospital NHS Trust, Dorset BH15 2JB, UK.
    Actinic keratosis, leukoplakia, carcinoma in situ, and superficially invasive carcinomas of the lower lip are caused mainly by the cumulative effects of exposure of the vermilion of the lower lip to ultraviolet radiation. Current treatments all have limitations: cryosurgery or electrosurgery is suitable to treat only focal lesions; topical chemotherapy, which is an option for diffuse actinic damage, yields unreliable results; and laser treatment fails to rejuvenate the vermilion. However, "lip shave", which involves full-thickness excision of the damaged vermilion and reconstruction with an advancement labial mucosal flap, will produce a fresh mucosal lining to the vermilion border. Read More

    Primary One Stage Reconstruction in Complex Facial Avulsion Injury.
    World J Plast Surg 2017 Sep;6(3):383-386
    Poona Hospital, Noble Hospital, Pune, India.
    Complex facial injuries with soft tissue degloving and bony avulsion are very devastating to the patient. Partial degloving injuries are described but hemifacial degloving with zygoma avulsion are rare. The author presents a case of post-traumatic degloving of the left upper lip, nose, part of forehead, upper and lower eyelids and cheek with avulsion of the left zygoma. Read More

    Upper lip reconstruction using a pedicel superficial temporal artery flap.
    Int J Surg Case Rep 2018 24;42:1-3. Epub 2017 Nov 24.
    The Division of Plastic Surgery, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
    Introduction: The hair-bearing superficial temporal artery free flap has been used in men for total upper lip reconstruction. In this paper we present a case of a partial upper lip defect in a man that was reconstructed with a pedicle superficial temporal artery flap.

    Presentation Of Case: Following a car accident, a 35-year old man sustained a partial upper defect. Read More

    Initial experiences with NAM-assisted primary repair of the BCLP deformity.
    Spec Care Dentist 2017 Nov 1;37(6):304-308. Epub 2017 Dec 1.
    PGDipClinDent Student, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Otago, Dunedin, Otago, New Zealand.
    Background: Primary surgical repair of the bilateral cleft lip and palate (BCLP) deformity is challenging. Infant Orthopedic (IO) procedures are often used to assist surgical reconstruction of normal anatomy. Nasoalveolar molding (NAM) is a presurgical infant orthopedic procedure that attempts to reduce the cleft nasal deformity, in addition to the lip and alveolus, leading to an esthetic primary surgical repair. Read More

    Repair of the Nasal Floor by the Cleft Margin Flap in Bilateral Complete Cleft Lip.
    J Craniofac Surg 2017 Nov 29. Epub 2017 Nov 29.
    Craniofacial Center, Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang Gung University, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.
    Bilateral complete cleft lip deformity has been the most challenging to plastic surgeons, and lots of methods of repair have been described in the literature. The basic principles are to achieve continuity of the orbicularis oris muscle, a balanced Cupid's bow with nasal ala, and a complete reconstruction of the nasal floor. The last one is, however, easily neglected. Read More

    Combined Tongue Flap and Deepithelialized Advancement Flap for Thick Lower Lip Reconstruction.
    Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2017 Oct 24;5(10):e1513. Epub 2017 Oct 24.
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Kansai Medical University, Osaka, Japan.
    We repaired a long horizontal defect in the lower lip caused by the resection of squamous cell carcinoma by reconstructing the white lip with a V-Y advancement flap and vermilion with a tongue flap. During this procedure, we deepithelialized the V-Y flap, lifted the upper margin of the flap and sutured it to the remaining upper margin of the lip, and then covered it with the tongue flap, resulting in the successful reconstruction of a thick lip. There were no postoperative complications in articulation or swallowing. Read More

    The impact and cost-effectiveness of the Amref Health Africa-Smile Train Cleft Lip and Palate Surgical Repair Programme in Eastern and Central Africa.
    Pan Afr Med J 2017 14;28:35. Epub 2017 Sep 14.
    Medical Services Programme, Amref Health Africa Headquarters, PO Box 27691-00506 Nairobi, Kenya.
    Introduction: Cleft lip with or without cleft palate (CLP) is a congenital malformation that causes significant morbidity in low and middle income countries. Amref Health Africa has partnered with Smile Train to provide CLP surgeries since 2006.

    Methods: We analyzed anonymized data of 37,274 CLP patients from the Smile Train database operated on in eastern and central Africa between 2006 and 2014. Read More

    Lip reconstruction technique: A modified Abbe-Estlander with a myomucosal advancement flap.
    J Stomatol Oral Maxillofac Surg 2017 Nov 26. Epub 2017 Nov 26.
    Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department, Hospital Universitario La Princesa, 28006 Madrid, Spain.
    Lip cancer represents between 12-15% of all oral cavity cancers; 95% affect the lower lip. The main objectives in lip reconstruction after tumoral mass resection are functionality and esthetics. We present the case of an 81-year-old male with a past medical history of squamous cell carcinoma of the maxilla. Read More

    Simultaneous reconstruction of columella and philtrum using prolabial flap combined with Abbe flap in secondary bilateral cleft lip and nasal deformity.
    J Craniomaxillofac Surg 2018 Jan 22;46(1):1-5. Epub 2017 Oct 22.
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Shanghai 9th People's Hospital, Shanghai JiaoTong University School of Medicine, 639 ZhiZaoJu Rd., Shanghai, China. Electronic address:
    Open rhinoplasty and Abbe flap techniques are traditionally useful tools for the reconstruction of secondary bilateral cleft lip nasal (BCLN) deformity. We aimed to investigate the long-term outcomes of simultaneous columella and philtrum reconstruction using prolabial flap combined with Abbe flap in secondary BCLN deformity. From January 2009 to July 2014, 26 patients (17 males and 9 females; mean age 21 years) with secondary BCLN deformity were recruited. Read More

    Comparing Plastic Surgery and Otolaryngology Management in Cleft Care: An Analysis of 4,999 Cases.
    Craniomaxillofac Trauma Reconstr 2017 Dec 3;10(4):271-277. Epub 2017 Apr 3.
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas.
    Care for patients with cleft lip and palate is best managed by a craniofacial team consisting of a variety of specialists, including surgeons, who are generally plastic surgeons or otolaryngologists trained in the United States. The goal of this study was to compare the surgical approaches and management algorithms of cleft lip, cleft palate, and nasal reconstruction between plastic surgeons and otolaryngologists. We performed a retrospective analysis of the American College of Surgeons' National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Pediatric database between 2012 and 2014 to identify patients undergoing primary repair of cleft lip, cleft palate, and associated rhinoplasty. Read More

    Functional Anatomic Computer Engineered Surgery Protocol for the Management of Self-Inflicted Gunshot Wounds to the Maxillofacial Skeleton.
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2017 Oct 14. Epub 2017 Oct 14.
    Attending OMS, Department of Surgery Trauma Service, Legacy Emanuel Medical Center, Portland OR; Consultant, Head and Neck Institute, Portland, OR; Medical Director, Providence Oral, Head and Neck Cancer Program and Clinic, Providence Cancer Center, Portland, OR; Investigator, Robert W. Franz Cancer Research Center in the Earle A. Chiles Research Institute at Providence Cancer Center, Portland, OR.
    Purpose: Virtual surgical planning (VSP) is an indispensable aid in craniomaxillofacial reconstruction, yet no protocol is established in facial gunshot wounds. We review our experience with computer-aided reconstruction of self-inflicted facial gunshot wounds (SIGSW'S) and propose a protocol for the staged repair.

    Methods: A retrospective case series enrolling patients with SIGSW's managed with the Functional Anatomic Computer Engineered Surgical protocol (FACES) was implemented. Read More

    Speech profile of patients undergoing primary palatoplasty.
    Codas 2017 Oct 26;29(5):e20160146. Epub 2017 Oct 26.
    Universidade de São Paulo - USP - São Paulo (SP), Brasil.
    Purpose: To characterize the profile and speech characteristics of patients undergoing primary palatoplasty in a Brazilian university hospital, considering the time of intervention (early, before two years of age; late, after two years of age).

    Methods: Participants were 97 patients of both genders with cleft palate and/or cleft and lip palate, assigned to the Speech-language Pathology Department, who had been submitted to primary palatoplasty and presented no prior history of speech-language therapy. Patients were divided into two groups: early intervention group (EIG) - 43 patients undergoing primary palatoplasty before 2 years of age and late intervention group (LIG) - 54 patients undergoing primary palatoplasty after 2 years of age. Read More

    Treatment of lower lip pits in Van der Woude syndrome: a systematic review.
    Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2017 Oct 28. Epub 2017 Oct 28.
    Department of Stomatology, Bauru School of Dentistry, University of São Paulo, Bauru, SP, Brazil. Electronic address:
    The presence of lower lip pits in individuals with Van der Woude syndrome (VWS) may cause discomfort due to saliva secretion. Furthermore, one of the main complaints in relation to lip pits is poor aesthetics, which often affects quality of life. The aim of this systematic review was to identify the best technique for the surgical removal of lower lip pits in terms of aesthetic and functional characteristics. Read More

    Performance of the ATLAS track reconstruction algorithms in dense environments in LHC Run 2.
    Eur Phys J C Part Fields 2017 11;77(10):673. Epub 2017 Oct 11.
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland.
    With the increase in energy of the Large Hadron Collider to a centre-of-mass energy of 13 [Formula: see text] for Run 2, events with dense environments, such as in the cores of high-energy jets, became a focus for new physics searches as well as measurements of the Standard Model. These environments are characterized by charged-particle separations of the order of the tracking detectors sensor granularity. Basic track quantities are compared between 3. Read More

    [Algorithm of orthodontic treatment of cleft lip and palate patients before and after autogenous bone grafting].
    Stomatologiia (Mosk) 2017;96(5):62-65
    Central Research Institute of Dentistry and Maxillofacial Surgery, Moscow, Russia.
    The aim of the study was to elaborate the algorithm of orthodontic treatment of cleft lip and palate (CLP) patients. One hundred and twenty-six CLP patients after CLP plasty preparing for alveolar ridge reconstruction were divided into 3 groups according to their age: 47 (37%) patients aged 6 to 11 years; 50 (40%) aged 12 to 17 years; 29 (23%) patients aged 18-27. Eighty-four (66. Read More

    Cleft Lip and Palate Repair Using a Surgical Microscope.
    Arch Plast Surg 2017 Nov 26;44(6):490-495. Epub 2017 Oct 26.
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.
    Background: Cleft lip and palate repair requires a deep and small surgical field and is usually performed by surgeons wearing surgical loupes. Surgeons with loupes can obtain a wider surgical view, although headlights are required for the deepest procedures. Surgical microscopes offer comfort and a clear and magnification-adjustable surgical site that can be shared with the whole team, including observers, and easily recorded to further the education of junior surgeons. Read More

    Three-Dimensional Computer-Assisted Two-Layer Elastic Models of the Face.
    Plast Reconstr Surg 2017 Nov;140(5):983-986
    Takatsuki, Osaka, Japan From the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Osaka Medical College.
    To make three-dimensional computer-assisted elastic models for the face, we decided on five requirements: (1) an elastic texture like skin and subcutaneous tissue; (2) the ability to take pen marking for incisions; (3) the ability to be cut with a surgical knife; (4) the ability to keep stitches in place for a long time; and (5) a layered structure. After testing many elastic solvents, we have made realistic three-dimensional computer-assisted two-layer elastic models of the face and cleft lip from the computed tomographic and magnetic resonance imaging stereolithographic data. The surface layer is made of polyurethane and the inner layer is silicone. Read More

    Injection of Compressed Diced Cartilage in the Correction of Secondary and Primary Rhinoplasty: A New Technique with 12 Years' Experience.
    Plast Reconstr Surg 2017 Nov;140(5):673e-685e
    Istanbul, Turkey From the ONEP Plastic Surgery Science Institute.
    Background: There are instances where small or large pockets are filled with diced cartilage in the nose, without use of wrapping materials. For this purpose, 1-cc commercial syringes were used. The obtained results were partial and incomplete. Read More

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