158 results match your criteria Lionfish and Stonefish


Trait-based vulnerability reveals hotspots of potential impact for a global marine invader.

Glob Chang Biol 2021 Jun 5. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada.

Predation from the invasive Indo-Pacific lionfish is likely to amplify declines in marine fishes observed in multiple ocean basins. As the invasion intensifies and expands, there is an urgent need to identify species that are most at risk for extirpation - and possible extinction - from this added threat. To address this gap and inform conservation plans, we develop and apply a quantitative framework for classifying the relative vulnerability of fishes based on morphological and behavioural traits known to influence susceptibility to lionfish predation (e. Read More

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Conservation actions and ecological context: optimizing coral reef local management in the Dominican Republic.

PeerJ 2021 9;9:e10925. Epub 2021 Mar 9.

Departamento de Recursos del Mar, Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del I.P.N, Mérida, Yucatán, México.

Over the past few decades, coral reef ecosystems have been lost at accelerated rates as a result of global climate change and local stressors. Local management schemes can help improve the condition of coral reefs by enhancing their ecosystem recovery capacity. Caribbean conservation efforts include mitigation of local anthropogenic stressors, and integrating social participation. Read More

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Predator-Prey Interactions Examined Using Lionfish Spine Puncture Performance.

Integr Org Biol 2021 27;3(1):obaa049. Epub 2021 Jan 27.

Biological Sciences, Florida Atlantic University, 777 Glades Road, Boca Raton, FL 33431, USA.

Puncture mechanics can be studied in the context of predator-prey interactions and provide bioinspiration for puncture tools and puncture-resistant materials. Lionfish have a passive puncture system where venomous spines (dorsal, anal, and pelvic), the tool, may embed into a predator's skin, the target material, during an encounter. To examine predator-prey interactions, we quantified the puncture performance of red lionfish, , spines in buccal skin from two potential predators and porcine skin, a biological model for human skin. Read More

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January 2021

Lionfish envenomation in Caribbean and Atlantic waters: Climate change and invasive species.

Int J Womens Dermatol 2021 Jan 4;7(1):120-123. Epub 2020 Jul 4.

The George Washington School of Medicine & Health Sciences, Washington, DC, United States.

The concept of emerging diseases is well understood; however, the concept of emerging injuries is not. We describe the introduction of two species of lionfish, native to the Indian and Pacific Oceans, into the warm shallow coastal waters of the Western Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. Lionfish thrive in the same coastal waters that attract recreational swimmers, snorkelers, and divers. Read More

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January 2021

Streptococcus iniae associated mass marine fish kill off Western Australia.

Dis Aquat Organ 2020 Dec 17;142:197-201. Epub 2020 Dec 17.

Conservation Medicine Program, School of Veterinary Medicine, Murdoch University, Murdoch, WA 6150, Australia.

Streptococcus iniae causes high mortality in cultured and wild fish stocks globally. Since the first report in captive Amazon river dolphins Inia geoffrensis in 1976, it has emerged in finfish across all continents except Antarctica. In March 2016, an estimated 17000 fish were observed dead and dying along a remote 70 km stretch of the Kimberley coastline north of Broome, Western Australia. Read More

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December 2020

Early life ecology of the invasive lionfish (Pterois spp.) in the western Atlantic.

PLoS One 2020 10;15(12):e0243138. Epub 2020 Dec 10.

Southeast Fisheries Science Center, NOAA National Marine Fisheries Service, Miami, Florida, United States of America.

The invasion of the western Atlantic by the Indo-Pacific lionfish (Pterois volitans/miles) is a serious threat to the ecological stability of the region. The early life history of the lionfish remains poorly understood despite the important role that larval supply plays reef fish population dynamics. In this study, we characterized patterns in the horizontal and vertical distributions of larval lionfish collected in the western Caribbean, US Caribbean, and the Gulf of Mexico from 19 ichthyoplankton surveys conducted from 2009-2016. Read More

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January 2021

First report of lionfish prey from Western Florida waters as identified by DNA barcoding.

PeerJ 2020 11;8:e9922. Epub 2020 Sep 11.

Biology Program, College of Science and Mathematics, University of South Florida Sarasota-Manatee, Sarasota, FL, USA.

DNA barcoding was used to identify prey fragments recovered from the stomachs of lionfish harvested during the 2016 Sarasota Lionfish Derby. A total of 305 prey fragments were recovered from 50 stomachs (mean = 4.6 per stomach), of which 184 (60. Read More

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September 2020

Shelter use interactions of invasive lionfish with commercially and ecologically important native invertebrates on Caribbean coral reefs.

PLoS One 2020 26;15(8):e0236200. Epub 2020 Aug 26.

Operation Wallacea, Spilsby, Lincolnshire, United Kingdom.

Indo-Pacific lionfish have become invasive throughout the western Atlantic. Their predatory effects have been the focus of much research and are suggested to cause declines in native fish abundance and diversity across the invaded range. However, little is known about their non-consumptive effects, or their effects on invertebrates. Read More

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October 2020

Testing the efficacy of lionfish traps in the northern Gulf of Mexico.

PLoS One 2020 26;15(8):e0230985. Epub 2020 Aug 26.

Department of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, School of Forest Resources and Conservation, Institute of Food and Agriculture Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, United States of America.

Spearfishing is currently the primary approach for removing invasive lionfish (Pterois volitans/miles) to mitigate their impacts on western Atlantic marine ecosystems, but a substantial portion of lionfish spawning biomass is beyond the depth limits of SCUBA divers. Innovative technologies may offer a means to target deepwater populations and allow for the development of a lionfish trap fishery, but the removal efficiency and potential environmental impacts of lionfish traps have not been evaluated. We tested a collapsible, non-containment trap (the 'Gittings trap') near artificial reefs in the northern Gulf of Mexico. Read More

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September 2020

Dermal modifications of the red lionfish, Pterois volitans.

J Exp Zool A Ecol Integr Physiol 2020 11 29;333(9):637-643. Epub 2020 Jul 29.

Department of Biological Sciences, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, Florida.

Vertebrates have evolved flexible and hard dermal armor, but there is often a tradeoff between mobility and protection. Skeletal modifications include fish scales, the shells of tortoises and turtles, and the cranial projections that are found in marine iguanas and lionfish. Sexual dimorphisms of cranial structures are prominent in fishes; we hypothesized that cranial projections of Pterois volitans will change over ontogeny and are sexually dimorphic. Read More

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November 2020

Genetic connectivity of lionfish () in marine protected areas of the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea.

Ecol Evol 2020 May 16;10(9):3844-3855. Epub 2020 Apr 16.

Laboratorio de Ecología de Ecosistemas de Arrecifes Coralinos Departamento de Recursos del Mar Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del I.P.N.- Unidad Mérida Mérida México.

Lionfish () have rapidly invaded the tropical Atlantic and spread across the wider Caribbean in a relatively short period of time. Because of its high invasion capacity, we used it as a model to identify the connectivity among nine marine protected areas (MPAs) situated in four countries in the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea. This study provides evidence of local genetic differentiation of in the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea. Read More

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Habitat suitability, niche unfilling and the potential spread of Pterois miles in the Mediterranean Sea.

Mar Pollut Bull 2020 May 24;154:111054. Epub 2020 Mar 24.

Department of Biology, American University of Beirut, 11-0236 Beirut, Lebanon.

The common lionfish Pterois miles has rapidly spread across the eastern Mediterranean Sea. We compiled occurrence data from both native and invaded range under the framework of Species Distribution Modelling (SDM). Through a construction of an environmental suitability model and estimation of spread rates we investigated the lionfish climate niche in both its native and invaded domains, this latter represented by the Mediterranean region. Read More

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Risk screening of the potential invasiveness of non-native marine fishes for South Korean coastal waters.

Mar Pollut Bull 2020 Apr 8;153:111018. Epub 2020 Mar 8.

Department of Ecology and Vertebrate Zoology, Faculty of Biology and Environmental Protection, University of Łódź, Łódź, Poland.

Risk screening tools are being increasingly used to identify the potential invasiveness and associated risks of non-native species. In this study, the Aquatic Species Invasiveness Screening Kit was used to evaluate the invasiveness risks of extant and horizon non-native marine fish species for the coastal waters of South Korea. In total, 57 marine fish species were screened and the threshold scores for the Basic Risk Assessment (BRA) and the BRA + Climate Change Assessment (BRA+CCA) (5. Read More

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Changes in Reef Fish Community Structure Following the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill.

Sci Rep 2020 04 9;10(1):5621. Epub 2020 Apr 9.

University of Florida, Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, Gainesville, Florida, 32608, USA.

Large-scale anthropogenic disturbances can have direct and indirect effects on marine communities, with direct effects often taking the form of widespread injury or mortality and indirect effects manifesting as changes in food web structure. Here, we report a time series that captures both direct and indirect effects of the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill (DWH) on northern Gulf of Mexico (nGoM) reef fish communities. We observed significant changes in community structure immediately following the DWH, with a 38% decline in species richness and 26% decline in Shannon-Weiner diversity. Read More

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They are here to stay: the biology and ecology of lionfish (Pterois miles) in the Mediterranean Sea.

J Fish Biol 2020 Jul 23;97(1):148-162. Epub 2020 Apr 23.

Marine & Environmental Research (MER) Lab, Limassol, Cyprus.

The lionfish, Pterois miles, is one of the most recent Lessepsian immigrants into the Mediterranean Sea, and it poses a serious threat to marine ecosystems in the region. This study assesses the basic biology and ecology of lionfish in the Mediterranean, examining morphometrics, reproduction and diet as well as population structure and distribution. The population density of lionfish has increased dramatically in Cyprus since the first sighting in late 2012; by 2018 aggregations of up to 70 lionfish were found on rocky grounds with complex reefs and artificial reefs in depths of 0-50 m. Read More

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Lionfish (Pterois volitans) as biomonitoring species for oil pollution effects in coral reef ecosystems.

Mar Environ Res 2020 Apr 8;156:104915. Epub 2020 Feb 8.

NOAA, National Ocean Service, National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science, Charleston, SC, USA.

With oil spills, and other sources of aromatic hydrocarbons, being a continuous threat to coral reef systems, and most reef fish species being protected or difficult to collect, the use of the invasive lionfish (Pterois volitans) might be a good model species to monitor biomarkers in potentially exposed fish in the Caribbean and western Atlantic. The rapid expansion of lionfish in the Caribbean and western Atlantic, and the unregulated fishing for this species, would make the lionfish a suitable candidate as biomonitoring species for oil pollution effects. However, to date little has been published about the responses of lionfish to environmental pollutants. Read More

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Effect of pterois volitans (lionfish) venom on cholinergic and dopaminergic systems.

Environ Toxicol Pharmacol 2020 Jul 2;77:103359. Epub 2020 Mar 2.

Laboratorio de Biotecnología y Toxicología Molecular, Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Unidad Mérida, Departamento de Recursos del Mar, Km. 6 Antigua Carretera a Progreso, Cordemex, 97310 Mérida, Yucatán, Mexico; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología (CONACyT), Mexico.

Pterois volitans venom induces muscular fibrillation, which results from nerve transmission caused by the presence of acetylcholine (ACh). It also has cardiovascular effects that are due to its actions on muscarinic and nicotinic cholinergic receptors. In this study, we characterized the effects of P. Read More

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Precipitous Declines in Northern Gulf of Mexico Invasive Lionfish Populations Following the Emergence of an Ulcerative Skin Disease.

Sci Rep 2020 02 4;10(1):1934. Epub 2020 Feb 4.

Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, School of Forest Resources and Conservation, Institute of Food and Agriculture Sciences, University of Florida, 7922 NW 71st Street, Gainesville, FL, 32653, USA.

Invasive Indo-Pacific lionfish Pterois volitans/miles have become well-established in many western Atlantic marine habitats and regions. However, high densities and low genetic diversity could make their populations susceptible to disease. We examined changes in northern Gulf of Mexico (nGOM) lionfish populations following the emergence of an ulcerative skin disease in August 2017, when estimated disease prevalence was as high as 40%. Read More

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February 2020

Heavy Metals in Muscle Tissue of from the Veracruz Reef System National Park, Mexico.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 11 20;16(23). Epub 2019 Nov 20.

Laboratorio de Investigación en Recursos Acuáticos, Tecnológico Nacional de México, Instituto Tecnológico de Boca del Río, Carretera Veracruz-Córdoba km 12, Boca del Río, Veracruz 94290, Mexico.

Concentrations of cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb), vanadium (V), and zinc (Zn) were measured in the muscle of 30 specimens of , captured on April 2018, in the Veracruz Reef System National Park (VRSNP), Veracruz, Mexico. Concentrations, in the samples, were quantified with atomic absorption spectrophotometry (AAS), after microwave digestion. Results of the mean concentration, in descending order were V = 7. Read More

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November 2019

Differential Bioaccumulation of Trace Elements and Rare Earth Elements in the Muscle, Kidneys, and Liver of the Invasive Indo-Pacific Lionfish (Pterois spp.) from Cuba.

Biol Trace Elem Res 2020 Jul 18;196(1):262-271. Epub 2019 Nov 18.

Chemistry Department, Environmental Contaminants Laboratory, Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale del Piemonte, Liguria e Valle d'Aosta, via Bologna 148, 10154, Turin, Italy.

The Indo-Pacific lionfish is a saltwater fish that inhabits the Red Sea waters and the Indian and Pacific oceans; it is an invasive species in the western Atlantic and was recently introduced into the local diet in the USA, Central and South America, and the Caribbean with the aim of controlling the invasion of this species. Due to its predatory nature, it tends to bioaccumulate metals and other contaminants via the marine food web and could thus constitute a suitable species for monitoring aquatic ecosystems. The presence and distribution of 23 trace elements and 16 rare earth elements (REEs) were investigated by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) in the muscle, liver, and kidneys of lionfish from Cuba. Read More

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Genetic structure of Mexican lionfish populations in the southwest Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea.

PLoS One 2019 1;14(10):e0222997. Epub 2019 Oct 1.

Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología / Universidad de Quintana Roo, Chetumal, Quintana Roo, Mexico.

The recent expansion of the invasive lionfish throughout the Western Hemisphere is one of the most extensively studied aquatic invasions. Molecular studies have improved our understanding of larval dispersal, connectivity, and biogeographical barriers among lionfish populations, but none have included Mexican localities, an important area for the larval dispersal of Pterois volitans through the Western Caribbean and the Gulf of Mexico. Here, we present a genetic analysis of lionfishes collected along Mexican coasts, examining their connectivity with other Caribbean localities (Belize, Cuba, Puerto Rico) and the role of ocean currents on population structure. Read More

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Initial sightings and derby data from the red lionfish invasion () (Scorpaeniformes: Scorpaenidae) in Barbados.

Biodivers Data J 2019 29;7:e38219. Epub 2019 Aug 29.

Centre for Resource Management and Environmental Studies, University of the West Indies, Cave Hill Campus, Cave Hill, Barbados Centre for Resource Management and Environmental Studies, University of the West Indies, Cave Hill Campus Cave Hill Barbados.

Background: Native to the Indo-Pacific region, the lionfish ( and ) has been classified as an alien invasive species which has rapidly invaded the North-western Atlantic and the Caribbean. The primary concerns regarding lionfish pertain to their broad diet, general habitat use and their potential threat on fisheries resources, native fish communities and human health. Away from natural predators, lionfish populations can easily become established and pose a serious threat to local fish species and ecosystem functioning. Read More

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An appetite for invasion: digestive physiology, thermal performance and food intake in lionfish ( spp.).

J Exp Biol 2019 10 10;222(Pt 19). Epub 2019 Oct 10.

Department of Ecology, Evolution and Marine Biology, University of California, Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA 93106, USA.

Species invasions threaten global biodiversity, and physiological characteristics may determine their impact. Specific dynamic action (SDA; the increase in metabolic rate associated with feeding and digestion) is one such characteristic, strongly influencing an animal's energy budget and feeding ecology. We investigated the relationship between SDA, scope for activity, metabolic phenotype, temperature and feeding frequency in lionfish ( spp. Read More

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October 2019

Characterizing the US trade in lionfishes.

PLoS One 2019 15;14(8):e0221272. Epub 2019 Aug 15.

University of Florida/IFAS, SFRC Program in Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, Tropical Aquaculture Laboratory, Ruskin, FL, United States of America.

Invasive lionfishes Pterois volitans and Pterois miles have spread throughout the tropical western Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico, and Greater Caribbean. Beyond these two invaders, additional species within the subfamily Pteroinae are regularly imported into the United States. We evaluated the trade of lionfishes as a surrogate measure for propagule pressure, an important component of invasion success. Read More

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From individual movement behaviour to landscape-scale invasion dynamics and management: a case study of lionfish metapopulations.

Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 2019 09 29;374(1781):20180057. Epub 2019 Jul 29.

Department of Biological Sciences, Simon Fraser University, 8888 University Drive, Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada V5A 1S6.

Modelling the dynamics of small, interconnected populations, or metapopulations, can help pinpoint habitat patches that are critical for population persistence in patchy habitats. For conservation purposes, these patches are typically earmarked for protection, but for invasive species management, these patches could be targeted to hasten the populations' demise. Here, we show how metapopulation modelling, coupled with an understanding of size-dependent dispersal behaviour, can be used to help optimize the distribution of limited resources for culling specific populations of invasive Indo-Pacific lionfish (Pterois volitans) in the western Atlantic. Read More

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September 2019

Organic ultraviolet filters in nearshore waters and in the invasive lionfish (Pterois volitans) in Grenada, West Indies.

PLoS One 2019 24;14(7):e0220280. Epub 2019 Jul 24.

Department of Pathobiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, St. George's University, True Blue, Grenada, West Indies.

Sunscreens and other personal care products use organic ultraviolet (UV) filters such as oxybenzone, 4-methylbenzylidene camphor, Padimate-O, and octyl methoxycinnamate to prevent damage to human skin. While these compounds are effective at preventing sunburn, they have a demonstrated negative effect on cells and tissues across taxonomic levels. These compounds have a relatively short half-life in seawater but are continuously re-introduced via recreational activities and wastewater discharge, making them environmentally persistent. Read More

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Antiretroviral activity of (red lionfish) venom in the early development of human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome antiretroviral alternative source.

Vet World 2019 23;12(2):309-315. Epub 2019 Feb 23.

Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Indonesia.

Aim: This study aimed to investigate the antiviral activity of phospholipase A2 (PV-PLA2) from Indonesia to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

Materials And Methods: Fresh venomous fin parts of wild PV specimens were collected from Java Sea waters. Then, it washed using phosphate buffer pH 7. Read More

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February 2019

Managing the lionfish: influence of high intensity ultrasound and binders on textural and sensory properties of lionfish () surimi patties.

J Food Sci Technol 2019 Apr 21;56(4):2167-2174. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

2Grupo de investigación Alimentación, Gestión de Procesos y Servicios, Universidad de La Sabana, Chía, Colombia.

Lionfish () is an invasive and predatory species whose proliferation over the Caribbean Sea threatens to cause great damage to coral reefs by negatively affecting the balance of the ecosystem. Control strategies have been the most effective way to reduce the negative impact of the lionfish. The development of diversified food products based on lionfish could support these strategies. Read More

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