746 results match your criteria Lightning Injuries


Lightning-strike-induced acute lung injury: a case report.

Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg 2019 Mar;25(2):198-201

Department of Emergency Medicine, Ankara Atatürk Training and Research Hospital, Ankara-Turkey.

Lightning strike is an environmental electrical injury with high rates of morbidity and mortality. Lightning strike injuries are also considered to be high-voltage injuries. Respiratory injuries associated with lightning strikes include pulmonary edema, pulmonary contusion, acute respiratory distress syndrome, and pulmonary hemorrhage. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5505/tjtes.2018.41861DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Lightning injuries in Northern Ireland.

Ulster Med J 2018 Oct 1;87(3):168-172. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Burns Unit, Royal Victoria Hospital, Belfast.

Introduction: Lightning injuries are uncommon in Northern Ireland (NI) with scarce reports detailing incidence and local experience. We present a case study of 3 patients involved in a single lightning strike with a review of the incidence of similar injuries in the province.

Methods: Data from TORRO's National Lightning Incidents Database between 1987 and 2016 (30 years) were searched to identify victims of lightning injuries in NI. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6169419PMC
October 2018
7 Reads

Points & Pearls: Electrical injuries in the emergency department: an evidence-based review

Emerg Med Pract 2018 Nov 1;20(Suppl 11):1-2. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY

Electrical injuries can be caused by exposure to current from low-voltage and high-voltage sources as well as lightning strikes, and the circumstances of the exposure will dictate management strategies. Human tissues have varying resistance characteristics and susceptibility to damage, so injuries may be thermal, electrical, and/or mechanical, potentially causing burns, thrombosis, tetany, falls, and blast injury. This issue reviews the types of trauma seen with electrical injury and how body systems can be affected by occult or delayed effects, and the optimal evidence-based resuscitation and management strategies associated with each. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
November 2018
2 Reads

Electrical injuries in the emergency department: an evidence-based review.

Emerg Med Pract 2018 Nov 1;20(11):1-20. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Assistant Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine, Oklahoma University School of Community Medicine, the University of Oklahoma, Tulsa, OK.

Electrical injuries can be caused by exposure to current from low-voltage and high-voltage sources as well as lightning strikes, and the circumstances of the exposure will dictate management strategies. Human tissues have varying resistance characteristics and susceptibility to damage, so injuries may be thermal, electrical, and/or mechanical, potentially causing burns, thrombosis, tetany, falls, and blast injury. This issue reviews the types of trauma seen with electrical injury and how body systems can be affected by occult or delayed effects, and the optimal evidence-based resuscitation and management strategies associated with each. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
November 2018
2 Reads

Update: Lightning strike injuries, active component, U.S. Armed Forces, 2008-2017.

MSMR 2018 Sep;25(9):20-24

During 2008-2017, a total of 241 service members had incident lightning-related medical encounters with ICD-9 or ICD-10 codes that documented specific lightning-associated injuries or illnesses. The crude overall incidence rate of lightning strike injury during the surveillance period was 1.9 cases per 100,000 person-years. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
September 2018

Lightning accidents in the Austrian alps - a 10-year retrospective nationwide analysis.

Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med 2018 Sep 10;26(1):74. Epub 2018 Sep 10.

Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Hospital of the Brothers of St. John of God Salzburg, Teaching Hospital of the Paracelsus Medical University Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria.

Background: Lightning strikes are rare but potentially lethal. The risk for suffering a lightning strike in a mountain environment is unknown. The aim of this nationwide study was to analyse all lightning accidents in the Austrian Alps from 2005 to 2015, to assess the circumstances of the accident, the injury pattern as well as the outcome. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13049-018-0543-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6131802PMC
September 2018
1 Read

'Thunder bolts and lightning': survival and neurorehabilitation following out of hospital cardiac arrest secondary to lightning strike.

Brain Inj 2018 5;32(12):1585-1587. Epub 2018 Sep 5.

a Regional Acquired Brain Injury Unit , Musgrave Park Hospital , Belfast , Northern Ireland, UK.

Background: There is a limited evidence base to inform patient management following lightning-induced injuries.

Case Report: A 36-year-old right-handed Caucasian male struck by lightning while outdoors suffered an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest with a recorded 50-min interval before the restoration of spontaneous circulation. Multiple life threatening injuries were sustained and a profound peripheral neuropathy developed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02699052.2018.1496479DOI Listing
September 2018
3 Reads

Acute Inferior Myocardial Infarction Caused by Lightning Strike.

Prehosp Disaster Med 2018 Dec 29;33(6):658-659. Epub 2018 Aug 29.

2Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University Cardiology Department,Canakkale,Turkey.

Lightning strike is an infrequent natural phenomenon with serious medical complications, like multiple organ damage, and it is associated with increased risk of mortality. Cardiovascular complications are among the most hazardous complications of lightning strike. Lightning strike can cause various serious consequences ranging from electrocardiographic changes to death. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1049023X18000705DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

[Emergency Medicine in Remote Settings].

Dtsch Med Wochenschr 2018 Aug 7;143(16):1193-1200. Epub 2018 Aug 7.

For many acute diseases and injuries, treatment does not differ between industrialised environment and wilderness setting. However, for some emergencies, treatment needs to be adapted if advanced medical care facilities cannot be reached within 4 hours.In these situations, dislocated joints and fractures should be reduced quickly. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.thieme-connect.de/DOI/DOI?10.1055/s-0043-111844
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0043-111844DOI Listing
August 2018
13 Reads

Lightning Burns and Electrical Trauma in a Couple Simultaneously Struck by Lightning.

Clin Pract Cases Emerg Med 2017 Aug 17;1(3):246-250. Epub 2017 Jul 17.

Memorial Regional Hospital, Division of Acute Care Surgery and Trauma, Hollywood, Florida.

More people are struck and killed by lightning each year in Florida than any other state in the United States. This report discusses a couple that was simultaneously struck by lightning while walking arm-in-arm. Both patients presented with characteristic lightning burns and were admitted for hemodynamic monitoring, serum labs, and observation and were subsequently discharged home. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5811/cpcem.2017.4.33706DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5965181PMC

U.S. Army Platoon Gets Struck by Lightning, A Case Series.

Curr Sports Med Rep 2018 Apr;17(4):126-128

Department of Family Medicine, Womack Army Medical Center, Fort Bragg, NC.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1249/JSR.0000000000000472DOI Listing
April 2018
2 Reads

Management of Multi-Casualty Incidents in Mountain Rescue: Evidence-Based Guidelines of the International Commission for Mountain Emergency Medicine (ICAR MEDCOM).

High Alt Med Biol 2018 06 15;19(2):131-140. Epub 2018 Feb 15.

15 Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Hospitallers Brothers Hospital, Paracelsus Medical University , Salzburg, Austria .

Blancher, Marc, François Albasini, Fidel Elsensohn, Ken Zafren, Natalie Hölzl, Kyle McLaughlin, Albert R. Wheeler III, Steven Roy, Hermann Brugger, Mike Greene, and Peter Paal. Management of multi-casualty incidents in mountain rescue: Evidence-based guidelines of the International Commission for Mountain Emergency Medicine (ICAR MEDCOM). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/ham.2017.0143DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6014052PMC
June 2018
7 Reads

The Vulnerability of People to Damaging Hydrogeological Events in the Calabria Region (Southern Italy).

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2017 12 29;15(1). Epub 2017 Dec 29.

CNR IRPI (Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto di Ricerca per la Protezione Idrogeologica), via Madonna Alta 126, I-06128 Perugia, Italy.

Damaging Hydrogeological Events (DHEs) are severe weather periods during which floods, landslides, lightning, windstorms, hail or storm surges can harm people. Climate change is expected to increase the frequency/intensity of DHEs and, consequently, the potential harm to people. We investigated the impacts of DHEs on people in Calabria (Italy) over 37 years (1980-2016). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15010048DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5800147PMC
December 2017
2 Reads

[Prevention and treatment of electrical burn injury: much progresses achieved yet further efforts still needed].

Authors:
W G Xie

Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi 2017 Dec;33(12):728-731

Institute of Burns, Tongren Hospital of Wuhan University & Wuhan Third Hospital, Wuhan 430060, China.

Electrical burn injury is very common, including electrical contact burn, electrical arc burn, and lightning burn, etc. Electrical burn patients account for 0.04 to 5 percent of all burn victims in the developed countries, while it hit up to 27 percent in the developing countries, much more than the global average of 4. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1009-2587.2017.12.002DOI Listing
December 2017
6 Reads

Post electrical or lightning injury syndrome: a proposal for an American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual formulation with implications for treatment.

Neural Regen Res 2017 Sep;12(9):1405-1412

Lightning Injury Research Program, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.

In the past, victims of electrical and lightning injuries have been assessed in a manner lacking a systematic formulation, and against criteria, particularly in the area of neuropsychological disability. In this manner patients have, for example, only been partially treated, been poorly or incorrectly diagnosed, and have been denied the full benefit of compensation for their injuries. This paper contains a proposal for diagnostic criteria particularly for the neuropsychological aspects of the post injury syndrome. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1673-5374.215242DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5649452PMC
September 2017
3 Reads

Case Report: Mass Casualty Lightning Strike at Ranger Training Camp.

Mil Med 2017 05;182(5):e1803-e1806

Emergency Services, Eglin Air Force Base Hospital, 307 Boatner Road, Eglin Air Force Base, Valparaiso, FL 32542.

Background: Although lightning strikes are a rare occurrence, their significance cannot be ignored given military operations in the field during all types of weather. With proper medical management, patients with lightning injuries can return to duty.

Methods: Information for this case report comes from eyewitness account at the 6th Ranger Training Battalion and from review of physician documentation from the 96th Medical Group, Eglin Air Force Base, Florida. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.7205/MILMED-D-16-00229DOI Listing
May 2017
7 Reads

Trigeminal Neuralgia Following Lightning Injury.

J Oral Facial Pain Headache 2017 Fall;31(4):e7-e9

Lightning and other electrical incidents are responsible for more than 300 injuries and 100 deaths per year in the United States alone. Lightning strikes can cause a wide spectrum of neurologic manifestations affecting any part of the neuraxis through direct strikes, side flashes, touch voltage, connecting leaders, or acoustic shock waves. This article describes the first case of trigeminal neuralgia induced by lightning injury to the trigeminal nerve, thereby adding a new syndrome to the list of possible lightning-mediated neurologic injuries. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.11607/ofph.1871DOI Listing
October 2017
2 Reads

Cardiac rhythm recorded by implanted loop recorder during lightning strike.

Ann Saudi Med 2017 Sep-Oct;37(5):401-402

Correspondence: Dr. Ali M Altalhi Department of Pediatrics, Security Forces Hospital Program, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia dr.ali.m.altalhi@ gmail.com http://orcid.org/000-0001-9339-9273.

Lightning strikes cause severe injuries and fatalities. Injuries vary from self-limiting skin manifestations to cardiac arrest and death. Because the event is sudden and unpredictable, assessment of the direct effects of the lightning on the human heart is usually impossible. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5144/0256-4947.2017.401DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6074195PMC
May 2018
3 Reads

Assessment of Lungs for Transplant Recovered from Uncontrolled Donation after Circulatory Determination of Death Donors.

Ann Am Thorac Soc 2017 Sep;14(Supplement_3):S251

2 Carolina Donor Services, Durham, North Carolina.

Rationale: To address the lung donor shortage, we obtained institutional review board and US Food and Drug Administration approval to transplant lungs recovered from uncontrolled donation after circulatory determination of death donors (uDCDDs).

Objectives: To compare outcomes of recipients of lungs recovered from uDCDDs vs. brain-dead donors. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1513/AnnalsATS.201609-687MGDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5711345PMC
September 2017
14 Reads

Delayed Onset of Atrial Fibrillation and Ventricular Tachycardia after an Automobile Lightning Strike.

J Emerg Med 2017 Nov 4;53(5):740-745. Epub 2017 Sep 4.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Scott & White Medical Center-Temple, Temple, Texas.

Background: Lightning strike is a rare medical emergency. The primary cause of death in lightning strike victims is immediate cardiac arrest. The mortality rate from lightning exposure can be as high as 30%, with up to 70% of patients left with significant morbidity. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jemermed.2017.06.038DOI Listing
November 2017
1 Read

Cardiac Arrest Secondary to Lightning Strike: Case Report and Review of the Literature.

Pediatr Emerg Care 2017 Aug 1. Epub 2017 Aug 1.

From the *College of Arts and Sciences, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH; and †University of Pittsburgh, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA.

Lightning strike injuries, although less common than electrical injuries, have a higher morbidity rate because of critical alterations of the circulatory system, respiratory system, and central nervous system. Most lightning-related deaths occur immediately after injury because of arrhythmia or respiratory failure. We describe the case of a pediatric patient who experienced cardiorespiratory arrest secondary to a lightning strike, where the Advanced Cardiac Life Support and Basic Life Support chain of survival was well executed, leading to return of spontaneous circulation and intact neurological survival. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PEC.0000000000001255DOI Listing
August 2017
1 Read

A rare manifestation of burns after lightning strike in rural Ghana: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2017 Jul 25;11(1):200. Epub 2017 Jul 25.

Talensi District Hospital, Ghana Health Service, Upper East Region, Tongo, Ghana.

Background: Lightning is a natural phenomenon that mostly affects countries in the tropical and subtropical regions of the globe, including Ghana. Lightning strikes pose a global public health issue. Although strikes to humans are uncommon, it is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-017-1378-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5525374PMC
July 2017
7 Reads

Epidemiology of electrical and lightning-related injuries among Canadian children and youth, 1997-2010: A Canadian Hospitals Injury Reporting and Prevention Program (CHIRPP) study.

CJEM 2018 07 27;20(4):586-591. Epub 2017 Jun 27.

‡Department of Emergency Medicine,Dalhousie University,Halifax,NS.

IntroductionAlthough death due to electrical injury and lightning are rare in children, these injuries are often preventable. Twenty years ago, most injuries occurred at home, precipitated by oral contact with electrical cords, contact with wall sockets and faulty electrical equipment. We sought to assess the epidemiology of electrical injuries in children presenting to Emergency Departments (EDs) that participate in the Canadian Hospitals Injury Reporting and Prevention Program (CHIRPP). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/cem.2017.49DOI Listing
July 2018
3 Reads

Neurological and neuropsychological consequences of electrical and lightning shock: review and theories of causation.

Neural Regen Res 2017 May;12(5):677-686

Forensic Diagnostic Center of District Nine, Cambridge, OH, USA.

Injuries from lightning and electrical injuries involve multiple systems of the body, however neurological symptoms are very widely reported. A disabling neuropsychological syndrome is also noted. This paper presents a comprehensive review of neurological and neuropsychological symptoms. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1673-5374.206636DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5461597PMC
May 2017
4 Reads

Environmental Neurologic Injuries.

Authors:
Rodolfo Savica

Continuum (Minneap Minn) 2017 Jun;23(3, Neurology of Systemic Disease):862-871

Purpose Of Review: This article discusses neurologic complications resulting from environmental injuries and the treatment modalities for these conditions.

Recent Findings: Recent advances include improved management of altitude sickness. Relatively uncommon conditions, such as keraunoparalysis (lightning-induced paralysis) and high-pressure neurologic syndrome, are areas of ongoing study. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1212/CON.0000000000000470DOI Listing
June 2017
2 Reads

Analysis of Electrocardiograms Associated with Pediatric Electrical Burns.

J Burn Care Res 2018 01;39(1):65-72

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Children's Hospital of Michigan, Detroit.

The purpose of this study was to examine the utility of electrocardiograms (EKGs) for low-risk, low-voltage pediatric electrical burn victims. A retrospective chart review was conducted on 86 pediatric patients who presented to the children's hospital between 2000 and 2015 after sustaining electrical burns. Variables included source and estimated voltage, extent of injuries, length of stay, high risk factors, and EKG results. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BCR.0000000000000591DOI Listing
January 2018
30 Reads

Cutaneous manifestations of lightning strike - variability in Lichtenberg figures.

Forensic Sci Med Pathol 2017 09 18;13(3):390-393. Epub 2017 May 18.

Forensic Science SA, 21 Divett Place, Adelaide, SA, 5000, Australia.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12024-017-9870-9DOI Listing
September 2017
11 Reads

Variations in otological presentation of lightning strike victims: Clinical report of 3 patients.

Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg 2017 Mar;23(2):163-166

Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Gülhane Military Medicine Academy, Haydarpaşa Training Hospital, İstanbul-Turkey.

Lightning strike can cause fatal or nonfatal injuries. Some nonfatal injuries are associated with otological symptoms and findings. Conductive hearing loss due to rupture of the tympanic membrane is the most common audiovestibular lesion of lightning strike. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5505/tjtes.2016.88580DOI Listing
March 2017
3 Reads

Pathology in Practice.

J Am Vet Med Assoc 2017 04;250(8):859-861

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2460/javma.250.8.859DOI Listing
April 2017
2 Reads

Resuscitated unconscious male: Lichtenberg's sign lighting the way.

Intensive Care Med 2017 08 11;43(8):1148-1149. Epub 2017 Mar 11.

Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00134-017-4765-5DOI Listing
August 2017
7 Reads

Development of a head-phantom and measurement setup for lightning effects.

Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc 2016 08;2016:3590-3593

Direct lightning strikes to human heads lead to various effects ranging from Lichtenberg figures, over loss of consciousness to death. The evolution of the induced current distribution in the head is of great interest to understand the effect mechanisms. This work describes a technique to model a simplified head-phantom to investigate effects during direct lightning strike. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/EMBC.2016.7591504DOI Listing
August 2016
2 Reads

THE PECULIARITIES OF TREATMENT OF UNCOMPLICATED AND COMPLICATED DENTAL INJURIES CAUSED BY TRAUMA.

Georgian Med News 2017 Jan(262):28-32

Tbilisi State Medical University, Department of Odontolo-gy; Dental Clinic, Training and Research Center "Uni-Dent"; Dr. Thomas Lehmanns Dental Clinic, Neumunster, Germany.

Trauma related injuries of permanent teeth occur frequently and are the most pressing issue the dentists are facing today. In different age groups the same type of trauma affects the teeth with different frequencies. For instance, accident related dental trauma in children and adults affected permanent teeth in 30% and deciduous teeth in 20%, respectively. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
January 2017
6 Reads

Neurologic complications of acute environmental injuries.

Handb Clin Neurol 2017 ;141:685-704

Neurological Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA. Electronic address:

Environmental injuries can result in serious neurologic morbidity. This chapter reviews neurologic complications of thermal burns, smoke inhalation, lightning strikes, electric injury, near drowning, decompression illness, as well as heat stroke and accidental hypothermia. Knowing the pathophysiology and clinical presentation of such injuries is essential to proper management of primary and secondary medical complications. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-444-63599-0.00037-5DOI Listing
March 2017
15 Reads

Lightning Injury is a disaster in Bangladesh? - Exploring its magnitude and public health needs.

F1000Res 2016 29;5:2931. Epub 2016 Dec 29.

Centre for Injury Prevention and Research, Bangladesh (CIPRB), Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Lightning injury is a global public health issue. Low and middle-income countries in the tropical and subtropical regions of the world are most affected by lightning. Bangladesh is one of the countries at particular risk, with a high number of devastating lightning injuries in the past years, causing high mortality and morbidity. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.12688/f1000research.9537.1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5288675PMC
December 2016
1 Read

Multi-organ injuries due to a lightning strike: a case report highlighting the importance of a multi-disciplinary approach.

Case Reports Plast Surg Hand Surg 2017 6;4(1):1-4. Epub 2017 Jan 6.

Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Geneva University Hospitals and Faculty of Medicine , Geneva , Switzerland.

The interdisciplinary management of patients with multiple organ injuries after lightning strike is of paramount importance. Cutaneous burns can be associated to other organ injuries requiring emergency and life-support treatment. We report the case of a lightning strike victim who presented with burns as well as cardiologic and neurologic complications. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/23320885.2016.1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23320885.2016.1275646DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5253516PMC
January 2017
3 Reads

Case Report: Lightning-Induced Pneumomediastinum.

Am J Forensic Med Pathol 2017 Jun;38(2):94-96

From the University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa.

We present the case of a 41-year-old woman who was fatally injured during a witnessed lightning strike event and in whom autopsy revealed the unusual keraunopathological finding of overt pneumomediastinum. The possible pathophysiological mechanism(s) of causation of this phenomenon are discussed, with specific reference also to the "Macklin" effect and the role of blast overpressures associated with lightning strike. It is suggested that the latter may lead to sudden alveolar rupture, with subsequent rapid tracking of air along bronchovascular sheaths in a centripetal manner toward the hilum of the lung and thus into the mediastinum. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PAF.0000000000000299DOI Listing
June 2017
3 Reads

Fracture of the femoral component after a lightning strike injury: A case report.

Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc 2017 Jan 28;51(1):84-87. Epub 2016 Dec 28.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Parc de Salut Mar. Hospital de l'Esperança, Barcelona, Spain.

A fracture of the stem in a total hip arthroplasty (THA) is an uncommon complication. We report a case of femoral stem fracture in a 55-year-old male patient after a lightning strike. A revision was conducted using a Wagner osteotomy and a revision prosthesis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aott.2015.04.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6197414PMC
January 2017
5 Reads

Right Hemispheric Leukoencephalopathy as an Incidental Finding Following a Lightning Strike.

Open Access Maced J Med Sci 2016 Dec 13;4(4):692-694. Epub 2016 Dec 13.

Biomedical and Experimental Department, Faculty of Medicine, University of Medicine in Tirana, Tirana, Albania.

Background: Lightning injuries may produce a variety of medical conditions, and specific neurological complications have been identified, with the character of immediate aftershock effects or even long-term consequences.

Aim: The authors describe the incidental finding following a routine unenhanced brain MRI performed to a young female patient, suffering from a headache.

Case Report: Diffuse white matter changes with the character of a leukoencephalopathy were seen, which strictly interested only the right cerebral hemisphere. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2016.141DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5175524PMC
December 2016
6 Reads
1 Citation

Tympanic Membrane Perforation Caused by Thunderbolt Strike.

J Craniofac Surg 2016 Nov;27(8):e723-e724

*Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Medical Faculty, Yuzuncu Yil University, Van†Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Mardin State Hospital, Mardin, Turkey.

Thunderbolt strike is a life-threatening entity. In the patients presenting with thunderbolt strike, the central nervous system and the cardiovascular system should be primarily evaluated, followed by tympanic membrane lesions. The most important symptom connected with ear is the loss of hearing. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000003036DOI Listing
November 2016
16 Reads

A Unusual Lightning Death in an Indoor Setting: A Case Report.

Am J Forensic Med Pathol 2017 Mar;38(1):1-4

From the Department of Legal and Forensic Medicine, University of Genova, Via de' Toni 12, 16132 Genova, Italy.

Death due to lightning strikes is infrequent, above all indoors. Some cases may take on a medical legal interest due to the unusual and uncommon circumstances in which they occur. The authors report an extremely rare case of electrocution occurred inside a house in a rural area. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PAF.0000000000000273DOI Listing
March 2017
1 Read

Forensic examination after exhumation: Contribution and difficulties after more than thirty years of burial.

J Forensic Leg Med 2016 Nov 11;44:120-127. Epub 2016 Oct 11.

Forensic Department, University Hospital Habib Bourguiba, Sfax, Tunisia; Faculty of Medicine of Sfax, University of Sfax, Tunisia.

We report a case of a Tunisian footballer who was found dead abroad under suspicious circumstances. The cause of death was, originally, attributed to a lightning strike. The corpse was buried without/autopsy. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2016.10.005DOI Listing
November 2016
15 Reads

A follow-up study of a large group of children struck by lightning.

S Afr Med J 2016 Aug 10;106(9):929-32. Epub 2016 Aug 10.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Texas-Southwestern, Dallas, Texas, USA.

Background: On 11 November 1994, 26 preadolescent girls, 2 adult supervisors and 7 dogs were sleeping in a tent in rural South Africa when the tent was struck by lightning. Four of the girls and 4 of the dogs were killed. The 2 adults were unharmed, but all but 3 of the children suffered significant injuries. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.7196/SAMJ.2016.v106i9.10564DOI Listing
August 2016
8 Reads

Epidemiologic characteristics of death by burn injury from 2000 to 2009 in Colombia, South America: a population-based study.

Burns Trauma 2016 16;4. Epub 2016 Mar 16.

Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics Department, Javeriana University, Bogotá, Colombia ; Department of Statistics, National University of Colombia, Bogotá, Colombia.

Background: Burns are one of the most severe traumas that an individual can suffer. The World Health Organization (WHO) affirms that injuries related to burns are a global public health problem mainly in low- and middle-income countries. The first step towards reducing any preventable injury is based on accurate information. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s41038-016-0033-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4963989PMC
August 2016
1 Read

Inducing Therapeutic Hypothermia in Cardiac Arrest Caused by Lightning Strike.

Wilderness Environ Med 2016 Sep 21;27(3):401-4. Epub 2016 Jul 21.

Department of Surgery and Critical Care, Christiana Care Health System, Newark, DE.

Only limited clinical scenarios are grounds for induction of therapeutic hypothermia. Its use in traumatic cardiac arrests, including those from lightning strikes, is not well studied. Nonshockable cardiac arrest rhythms have only recently been included in resuscitation guidelines. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wem.2016.05.003DOI Listing
September 2016
3 Reads
1 Citation
0.790 Impact Factor

Relativistic-microwave theory of ball lightning.

Authors:
H-C Wu

Sci Rep 2016 06 22;6:28263. Epub 2016 Jun 22.

Institute for Fusion Theory and Simulation (IFTS) and Department of Physics, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China.

Ball lightning, a fireball sometimes observed during lightnings, has remained unexplained. Here we present a comprehensive theory for the phenomenon: At the tip of a lightning stroke reaching the ground, a relativistic electron bunch can be produced, which in turn excites intense microwave radiation. The latter ionizes the local air and the radiation pressure evacuates the resulting plasma, forming a spherical plasma bubble that stably traps the radiation. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep28263DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4916449PMC
June 2016
3 Reads

[Benefits of otoscopy in forensic autopsy practice: A prospective study].

Soud Lek 2016;61(2):14-7

The otoscopy is an examination of the external auditory canal, the eardrum, and the middle ear with an instrument called an otoscope. It is a simple, inexpensive, and time-saving endoscopic method typically used by general practitioners and otorhinolaryngologists. Authors present a prospective study of otoscopic findings investigated consecutively at autopsy. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
January 2016
14 Reads

Delayed Onset of Intraretinal Cystoid Abnormalities in Lightning Retinopathy.

JAMA Ophthalmol 2016 07;134(7):840-2

Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.1018DOI Listing
July 2016
13 Reads