790 results match your criteria Lightning Injuries


Cases of Lightning Strikes during Mountain-Sports Activities: An Analysis of Emergencies from the Swiss Alps.

Authors:
Benedikt Gasser

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022 03 26;19(7). Epub 2022 Mar 26.

A Division of Sports and Exercise Medicine, Department of Sport, Exercise and Health, University of Basel, 4052 Basel, Switzerland.

Background: Lightning strikes are a risk during mountain-sport activities. Yet little is known about the prevalence of injuries related to lightning strikes during mountain hiking, backcountry skiing, or high-altitude mountaineering. This study therefore examined the occurrence and characteristics of lightning-strike-related emergencies during mountain-sport activities in the Swiss Alps. Read More

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Unusual Lichtenberg figures in a lightning strike's victim: Case report and literature review.

Leg Med (Tokyo) 2022 May 1;56:102028. Epub 2022 Feb 1.

Department of Diagnostics and Public Health, Section of Forensic Medicine, University of Verona, P.le L.A. Scuro 10, 37134 Verona, Italy.

Lichtenberg figures are pathognomonic markings commonly described as transient pink-red fractal pattern marks on the skin of people struck by a lightning. Their nature and the underlying physiopathology are still largely unknown. Here we describe a Lichtenberg figure in a 45-year-old woman who died due to a lightning strike during a thunderstorm. Read More

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Confidence and gradation in causal judgment.

Cognition 2022 06 29;223:105036. Epub 2022 Jan 29.

Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, Duke University, United States of America; Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Duke University, United States of America; Department of Philosophy, Duke University, United States of America.

When comparing the roles of the lightning strike and the dry climate in causing the forest fire, one might think that the lightning strike is more of a cause than the dry climate, or one might think that the lightning strike completely caused the fire while the dry conditions did not cause it at all. Psychologists and philosophers have long debated whether such causal judgments are graded; that is, whether people treat some causes as stronger than others. To address this debate, we first reanalyzed data from four recent studies. Read More

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A unique case of direct lightning strike.

J Forensic Sci 2022 May 29;67(3):1288-1293. Epub 2021 Dec 29.

Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Lt. BRKM Govt. Medical College, Jagdalpur, India.

This is a report of death due to direct lightning strike that was witnessed, with description of the injuries. The associated clothing and jewelry were examined microscopically for lightning-related findings. For the first time, we report a lightning strike on a victim that led to crater formations in the brass clasp of the basil wood bead necklace, brass teeth, and brass button of the zipper. Read More

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Pediatric electrical injuries in the emergency department: an evidence-based review.

Pediatr Emerg Med Pract 2021 Dec 2;18(12):1-24. Epub 2021 Dec 2.

Attending Physician, Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine.

Electrical injuries in pediatric patients are uncommon but can be life-threatening and require efficient and effective identification and management. Injury severity is based on the characteristics of the electricity, the duration of contact with the electrical source, and the current's pathway through the body. This issue discusses the specific threats posed by high-voltage, low-voltage, and lightning injuries. Read More

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December 2021

An Overview of Agricultural Injuries in Florida from 2015-2019.

J Agric Saf Health 2021 Jul;27(3):135-146

University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida.

HIGHLIGHTS We identified 48 fatal and 187 non-fatal agricultural injuries in Florida from 2015-2019. Vehicles and environmental sources were the two leading injury sources. Using multiple data sources helped us understand the at-risk populations. Read More

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Public Knowledge, Perceptions and Practices in the High-Risk Lightning Zone of South Africa.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 07 13;18(14). Epub 2021 Jul 13.

Department of Geography, University of the Free State, Phuthaditjhaba 9869, South Africa.

Lightning activity is a hazard for human societies and the environment, and a common feature of South Africa's climate system, although with great regional variation. The north-eastern section of the country, including the predominantly rural uMkhanyakude District Municipality, is among the most vulnerable regions, where a growing trend of lightning-related deaths and injuries has been observed in recent years. Despite this, and the Disaster Management Act (No. Read More

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Case Report: Unravelling the Mysterious Lichtenberg Figure Skin Response in a Patient With a High-Voltage Electrical Injury.

Front Med (Lausanne) 2021 11;8:663807. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.

We describe a case of Lichtenberg Figures (LFs) following an electrical injury from a high-voltage switchgear in a 47 year-old electrician. LFs, also known as ferning pattern or keraunographic markings, are a pathognomonic skin sign for lightning strike injuries. Their true pathophysiology has remained a mystery and only once before described following an electical injury. Read More

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Filigree burns of a lightning strike: A case series.

Med Leg J 2021 Sep 4;89(3):187-192. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Gorakhpur, India.

Lightning is the discharge of an electric charge forming in the atmosphere between the earth and clouds which travels downward in a branching pattern. It is estimated that there are some 1800 active thunderstorms at any given moment. Lightning may injure or kill a person by a direct strike, a side-flash or conduction through another object. Read More

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September 2021

Investigation of the skin lesions in lightning strike death.

Leg Med (Tokyo) 2021 Sep 30;52:101896. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Section Legal Medicine, Department of Health Promotion Sciences, Maternal and Infant Care, Internal Medicine and Medical Specialties (PROMISE), University of Palermo, Via del Vespro, 129, 90127, Italy. Electronic address:

Lightning strike-related deaths are unusual, and the victim bodies can present different lesions due to the different injury mechanisms associated with this event. Since the post mortem assessment can be challenging, the evaluation of the characteristics of the skin lesions becomes fundamental to reconstruct the event. Due to the paucity of literature on this topic, the authors report the case of a 59-year-old man found dead near his home after a thunderstorm. Read More

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September 2021

Fatal Events Related to Running Competitions in the Mountains.

Wilderness Environ Med 2021 Jun 17;32(2):176-180. Epub 2021 Mar 17.

Education and Research Department, Isokinetic Medical Group, Bologna, Italy; Department of Neurosciences, Biomedicine and Movement Sciences, University of Verona, Verona, Italy. Electronic address:

Introduction: The few epidemiologic studies published previously about different forms of mountain running (ie, fell running, sky running, and ultratrail running) have not reported on fatal events. This report aims to contribute to the literature on mountain running fatalities, recording and classifying fatal events related to mountain running competitions found in online literature searches over a 12-y period.

Methods: From 2008 to 2019, searches on mountain sport, mountain races, and newspaper websites were periodically performed, looking for fatal events related to running competitions in the mountains. Read More

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Effects of PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway regulation of HIF-1α on Lanthanum-induced neurotoxicity in rats.

Brain Res 2021 Mar 9:147400. Epub 2021 Mar 9.

Institute of Molecular Medicine, School of Medicine, Eastern Liaoning University, Dandong 118003, Liaoning, People's Republic of China; Department of Nursing, School of Medicine, Eastern Liaoning University, Dandong 118003, Liaoning, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

This study examined the effects of the AKT/mTOR/HIF-1α signaling pathway on learning and memory in offspring rats induced by lanthanum from neuroethology and molecular biology perspectives. 32 pregnant adult Wistar rats were divided into four groups randomly: control group (NC), 0.25%, 0. Read More

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Morphological cardiac changes in electrocution deaths: A literature review.

Med Sci Law 2021 Jan;61(1_suppl):130-135

Department of Legal Medicine, University of Bari, Italy.

Electrical injury may lead to damage to the conducting tissue, myocardial changes and even sudden cardiac death. Victims of low-voltage electrocution may have no electric marks, burns or other signs typical of electrical injuries. In these cases, the absence of other specific findings could make the identification of the cause of death very difficult. Read More

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January 2021

Evolution of Lightning Maculopathy: Presentation of Two Clinical Cases and Brief Review of the Literature.

Case Rep Ophthalmol Med 2021 22;2021:8831987. Epub 2021 Jan 22.

BP Eye Foundation, Hospital for Children, Eye, ENT, and Rehabilitation Services (CHEERS), Madhyapur Thimi, Bhaktapur, Nepal.

Lightning is a naturally occurring atmospheric phenomenon. Though uncommon, it is a potentially devastating and underreported natural calamity. Lightning accounts for the second leading cause of weather-related death in most parts of the world. Read More

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January 2021

ASIAN ELEPHANT () SUFFERING FROM LIGHTNING STRIKE SUCCESSFULLY TREATED BY INTEGRATIVE VETERINARY MEDICINE.

J Zoo Wildl Med 2021 Jan;51(4):1067-1071

Department of Companion Animal and Wildlife Clinic, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiangmai 50100, Thailand,

A captive female Asian elephant (), approximately 30 yr old, was struck by lightning and displayed obtundation, dysphagia, drooling, and muscle weakness. A physical examination, hematologic test, blood gas analysis, and electrocardiogram were performed. Treatments included the administration of mannitol, dexamethasone, antibiotics, analgesics, vitamins, and intravenous fluid. Read More

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January 2021

An asset-based participatory community analysis of natural hazards in Naphuno, Greater Tzaneen Municipality, Limpopo province, South Africa.

Jamba 2020 14;12(1):939. Epub 2020 Dec 14.

Department of Social Work, Faculty of Humanities, University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Natural hazards disrupt the daily lives of people and communities. Consequently, social workers, like any other stakeholders, deal with community predicaments arising from the effects of natural hazards. The social relief distress (SRD) programme of government utilises needs-based, top-down government-driven interventions in communities affected by natural hazards, focused on what communities lack, as opposed to what communities have. Read More

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December 2020

A rare complication of lightning strike: Pulmonary contusion.

North Clin Istanb 2021 31;8(6):619-622. Epub 2020 Dec 31.

Department of Pediatrics, Afyonkarahisar Health Sciences University Faculty of Medicine, Afyonkarahisar, Turkey.

Lightning strike is a devastating disaster, leading to various life-threating complications and even death. In lightning striking victims, high-voltage electric current can destroy many tissues and organs through various mechanisms. One of these mechanisms is the blunt trauma that injures the organs by creating a blast effect. Read More

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December 2020

Adoption of Lightning Safety Best-Practices Policies in the Secondary School Setting.

J Athl Train 2021 May;56(5):491-498

Korey Stringer Institute, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs.

Context: Lightning-related injuries are among the top 10 causes of sport-related death at all levels of sport, including the nearly 8 million athletes participating in US secondary school sports.

Objective: To investigate the adoption of lightning safety policies and the factors that influence the development of comprehensive lightning safety policies in United States secondary schools.

Design: Cross-sectional study. Read More

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Case Report: Burns Through Metal - Unique Pattern Of First Lightning Strike Injury In Israeli Army.

Ann Burns Fire Disasters 2020 Jun;33(2):170-173

Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery Department, Rambam Health Care Campus, Haifa, Israel.

This case report presents a 19-year-old Israeli soldier who sustained injury as a result of a lightning strike during an outdoor military activity. The patient was found in a state of altered consciousness and respiratory distress. He suffered multiple second-degree burns to the neck, chest and abdomen area, corresponding to the locations of his metal identification tag, rifle and belt buckle. Read More

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[Lightning strike on a horse pasture - a diagnostic challenge?!]

Tierarztl Prax Ausg G Grosstiere Nutztiere 2020 Aug 21;48(4):268-274. Epub 2020 Aug 21.

Institut für Pathologie, Tierärztliche Hochschule Hannover.

During summer, permanent or temporary pasture keeping carries an increased risk of death caused by lightning strikes. Although - due to their body structure and pasture grazing - large animals are particularly susceptible to step voltage effects in consequence to a lightning strike to the ground there are only few published cases in the veterinary literature. Frequently in lightning-related accidents, a current flow through the heart occurs resulting in acute cardiac and circulatory failure. Read More

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Injuries and deaths from lightning.

Authors:
Ryan Blumenthal

J Clin Pathol 2021 May 12;74(5):279-284. Epub 2020 Aug 12.

Department of Forensic Medicine, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, Gauteng, South Africa

This paper reviews recent academic research into the pathology of trauma of lightning. Lightning may injure or kill in a variety of different ways. Aimed at the trainee, or practicing pathologist, this paper provides a clinicopathological approach. Read More

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Acute myocardial injury following hydrogen sulfide poisoning.

Toxicol Ind Health 2020 Oct 6;36(10):750-758. Epub 2020 Aug 6.

Department of Echocardiography, Jinshan Hospital, 12478Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

Background: Hydrogen sulfide poisoning can cause severe myocardial injury, but the damage is subtle and can be easily misdiagnosed. This report presents the dynamic observation of myocardial injury associated with hydrogen sulfide poisoning.

Case Report: Two young men presented with symptoms of "lightning-like" death immediately after entering a tank. Read More

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October 2020

[Keraunoparalysis after lightning injury with transient ischaemia and paralysis of an extremity].

Ugeskr Laeger 2020 06;182(23)

Keraunoparalysis is a transient paralysis of the extremities, which results from close contact with lightning. In this case report, a 58-year-old man came in close contact with a bolt of lightning. His left foot was pulseless, pale, cold and with absence of capillary refill. Read More

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The Dangerous Life of a Storm Chaser: A Lightning Strike Injury Causing Serious Injury.

J Investig Med High Impact Case Rep 2020 Jan-Dec;8:2324709620925566

INTEGRIS Southwest Medical Center, Oklahoma City, OK, USA.

Lightning strikes to people are rare events that cause significant injuries and mortality when they do occur. We describe an uncommon case of a storm chaser in Oklahoma who was struck by lightning who suffered cutaneous burns, bilateral tympanic membrane ruptures, as well as pulmonary edema, which is an atypical finding in survivors. This case report highlights several injury patterns seen in lightning strike cases and provides evidence that these patients should be managed at a center with multidisciplinary services available. Read More

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Fulguration-induced tattoo.

Clin Exp Dermatol 2020 Oct 23;45(7):911-912. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

Departments of, Dermatology, University Hospital of Saint-Etienne, Saint-Etienne, France.

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October 2020

Lightning Injury to Eye: Brief Review of the Literature and Case Series.

Clin Ophthalmol 2020 28;14:597-607. Epub 2020 Feb 28.

Department of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, Tilganga Institute of Ophthalmology, Kathmandu, Nepal.

Purpose: In ophthalmology, injuries due to lightning strikes have been documented as various entities ranging from keratitis, cataracts, uveitis in the anterior segments to retinal detachments, papillitis, and macular hole formation in the posterior segment. We report the largest case series so far with a total of seven cases of lightning injuries with ocular involvement and its management and a brief review of the literature on this topic.

Patients And Methods: All of the patients were evaluated for ocular injuries due to a lightning strike and each of the cases has been individually described as case series with their findings and management in this report. Read More

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February 2020

Secondary maternal-fetal consequences to electrical injury: A literature review.

Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol 2020 Jan;59(1):1-7

Fundación Cardiovascular de Colombia, Colombia. Electronic address:

Electrical injuries can occur in pregnant women but currently their incidence is not completely known. Notwithstanding, those represent clinical important events such maternal and fetal death, which can be avoided if properly managed. The objective of this paper is to describe the results of electrical injury (high and low voltage), in pregnant women in scientific reports. Read More

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January 2020

A LIGHTning Strike to the Metastatic Niche.

Cell Rep 2020 01;30(3):599-601

Swiss Institute for Experimental Cancer Research (ISREC), School of Life Sciences, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland. Electronic address:

Tumor-induced vascular alterations in distant organs have been linked to the spreading of cancer. In this issue of Cell Reports, He et al. (2019) show that targeting the cytokine LIGHT to the pulmonary vasculature prevents the establishment of lung metastasis in mice. Read More

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January 2020