775 results match your criteria Lightning Injuries


Fatal Events Related to Running Competitions in the Mountains.

Wilderness Environ Med 2021 Mar 17. Epub 2021 Mar 17.

Education and Research Department, Isokinetic Medical Group, Bologna, Italy; Department of Neurosciences, Biomedicine and Movement Sciences, University of Verona, Verona, Italy. Electronic address:

Introduction: The few epidemiologic studies published previously about different forms of mountain running (ie, fell running, sky running, and ultratrail running) have not reported on fatal events. This report aims to contribute to the literature on mountain running fatalities, recording and classifying fatal events related to mountain running competitions found in online literature searches over a 12-y period.

Methods: From 2008 to 2019, searches on mountain sport, mountain races, and newspaper websites were periodically performed, looking for fatal events related to running competitions in the mountains. Read More

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Effects of PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway regulation of HIF-1α on Lanthanum-induced neurotoxicity in rats.

Brain Res 2021 Mar 9:147400. Epub 2021 Mar 9.

Institute of Molecular Medicine, School of Medicine, Eastern Liaoning University, Dandong 118003, Liaoning, People's Republic of China; Department of Nursing, School of Medicine, Eastern Liaoning University, Dandong 118003, Liaoning, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

This study examined the effects of the AKT/mTOR/HIF-1α signaling pathway on learning and memory in offspring rats induced by lanthanum from neuroethology and molecular biology perspectives. 32 pregnant adult Wistar rats were divided into four groups randomly: control group (NC), 0.25%, 0. Read More

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Morphological cardiac changes in electrocution deaths: A literature review.

Med Sci Law 2021 Jan;61(1_suppl):130-135

Department of Legal Medicine, University of Bari, Italy.

Electrical injury may lead to damage to the conducting tissue, myocardial changes and even sudden cardiac death. Victims of low-voltage electrocution may have no electric marks, burns or other signs typical of electrical injuries. In these cases, the absence of other specific findings could make the identification of the cause of death very difficult. Read More

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January 2021

Evolution of Lightning Maculopathy: Presentation of Two Clinical Cases and Brief Review of the Literature.

Case Rep Ophthalmol Med 2021 22;2021:8831987. Epub 2021 Jan 22.

BP Eye Foundation, Hospital for Children, Eye, ENT, and Rehabilitation Services (CHEERS), Madhyapur Thimi, Bhaktapur, Nepal.

Lightning is a naturally occurring atmospheric phenomenon. Though uncommon, it is a potentially devastating and underreported natural calamity. Lightning accounts for the second leading cause of weather-related death in most parts of the world. Read More

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January 2021

ASIAN ELEPHANT () SUFFERING FROM LIGHTNING STRIKE SUCCESSFULLY TREATED BY INTEGRATIVE VETERINARY MEDICINE.

J Zoo Wildl Med 2021 Jan;51(4):1067-1071

Department of Companion Animal and Wildlife Clinic, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiangmai 50100, Thailand,

A captive female Asian elephant (), approximately 30 yr old, was struck by lightning and displayed obtundation, dysphagia, drooling, and muscle weakness. A physical examination, hematologic test, blood gas analysis, and electrocardiogram were performed. Treatments included the administration of mannitol, dexamethasone, antibiotics, analgesics, vitamins, and intravenous fluid. Read More

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January 2021

An asset-based participatory community analysis of natural hazards in Naphuno, Greater Tzaneen Municipality, Limpopo province, South Africa.

Jamba 2020 14;12(1):939. Epub 2020 Dec 14.

Department of Social Work, Faculty of Humanities, University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Natural hazards disrupt the daily lives of people and communities. Consequently, social workers, like any other stakeholders, deal with community predicaments arising from the effects of natural hazards. The social relief distress (SRD) programme of government utilises needs-based, top-down government-driven interventions in communities affected by natural hazards, focused on what communities lack, as opposed to what communities have. Read More

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December 2020

Adoption of Lightning Best-Practices Policies in the Secondary School Setting.

J Athl Train 2020 Nov 5. Epub 2020 Nov 5.

Lindsay J. DiStefano, PhD, ATC, Department of Kinesology, University of Connecticut, Twitter handle: DistefanoLJ.

Context: Lightning-related injuries are among the top ten causes of sport-related death at all levels of sport, including the nearly 8 million athletes participating in secondary school sports.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the adoption of lightning policies and the influencing factors for the development of a comprehensive policy in United States secondary schools.

Design: Cross-Sectional. Read More

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November 2020

Case Report: Burns Through Metal - Unique Pattern Of First Lightning Strike Injury In Israeli Army.

Ann Burns Fire Disasters 2020 Jun;33(2):170-173

Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery Department, Rambam Health Care Campus, Haifa, Israel.

This case report presents a 19-year-old Israeli soldier who sustained injury as a result of a lightning strike during an outdoor military activity. The patient was found in a state of altered consciousness and respiratory distress. He suffered multiple second-degree burns to the neck, chest and abdomen area, corresponding to the locations of his metal identification tag, rifle and belt buckle. Read More

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Injuries and deaths from lightning.

Authors:
Ryan Blumenthal

J Clin Pathol 2021 May 12;74(5):279-284. Epub 2020 Aug 12.

Department of Forensic Medicine, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, Gauteng, South Africa

This paper reviews recent academic research into the pathology of trauma of lightning. Lightning may injure or kill in a variety of different ways. Aimed at the trainee, or practicing pathologist, this paper provides a clinicopathological approach. Read More

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The Dangerous Life of a Storm Chaser: A Lightning Strike Injury Causing Serious Injury.

J Investig Med High Impact Case Rep 2020 Jan-Dec;8:2324709620925566

INTEGRIS Southwest Medical Center, Oklahoma City, OK, USA.

Lightning strikes to people are rare events that cause significant injuries and mortality when they do occur. We describe an uncommon case of a storm chaser in Oklahoma who was struck by lightning who suffered cutaneous burns, bilateral tympanic membrane ruptures, as well as pulmonary edema, which is an atypical finding in survivors. This case report highlights several injury patterns seen in lightning strike cases and provides evidence that these patients should be managed at a center with multidisciplinary services available. Read More

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Lightning Injury to Eye: Brief Review of the Literature and Case Series.

Clin Ophthalmol 2020 28;14:597-607. Epub 2020 Feb 28.

Department of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, Tilganga Institute of Ophthalmology, Kathmandu, Nepal.

Purpose: In ophthalmology, injuries due to lightning strikes have been documented as various entities ranging from keratitis, cataracts, uveitis in the anterior segments to retinal detachments, papillitis, and macular hole formation in the posterior segment. We report the largest case series so far with a total of seven cases of lightning injuries with ocular involvement and its management and a brief review of the literature on this topic.

Patients And Methods: All of the patients were evaluated for ocular injuries due to a lightning strike and each of the cases has been individually described as case series with their findings and management in this report. Read More

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February 2020

Secondary maternal-fetal consequences to electrical injury: A literature review.

Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol 2020 Jan;59(1):1-7

Fundación Cardiovascular de Colombia, Colombia. Electronic address:

Electrical injuries can occur in pregnant women but currently their incidence is not completely known. Notwithstanding, those represent clinical important events such maternal and fetal death, which can be avoided if properly managed. The objective of this paper is to describe the results of electrical injury (high and low voltage), in pregnant women in scientific reports. Read More

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January 2020

A LIGHTning Strike to the Metastatic Niche.

Cell Rep 2020 01;30(3):599-601

Swiss Institute for Experimental Cancer Research (ISREC), School of Life Sciences, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland. Electronic address:

Tumor-induced vascular alterations in distant organs have been linked to the spreading of cancer. In this issue of Cell Reports, He et al. (2019) show that targeting the cytokine LIGHT to the pulmonary vasculature prevents the establishment of lung metastasis in mice. Read More

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January 2020

Bilateral Ocular Injury From Lightning Strike.

Retina 2019 Dec;39(12):e51-e52

Retina Specialists of Alabama, Birmingham, Alabama.

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December 2019

Measurement and analysis of partial lightning currents in a head phantom.

PLoS One 2019 26;14(9):e0223133. Epub 2019 Sep 26.

Institute of Biomedical Engineering and Informatics, Technische Universitaet Ilmenau, Ilmenau, Germany.

Direct lightning strikes to the human head can lead to various effects, ranging from burnings to death. The biological and physical mechanisms of a direct lightning strike in the human head are not well understood. The aim of this paper is to design an experimental setup to measure the spatial and temporal current distribution during a direct lightning strike to physical head phantoms to establish normative values for personal lightning protection equipment design and testing. Read More

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Lightning-induced pacing system malfunction: a case report.

Eur Heart J Case Rep 2019 Jun;3(2)

Medical Department, The University of Information Technology and Management, Sucharskiego 2, Rzeszów, Poland.

Background: Atmospheric electrical discharge is an extremely powerful natural phenomenon which can have dangerous and lethal effects on the human body. However, there is no evidence to indicate whether and, if so, to what extent the electric current travelling through the body can affect proper pacemaker function.

Case Summary: An 80-year-old patient admitted to emergency department after being struck by a lightning bolt while riding a bike. Read More

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Lightning Injury in Children.

Indian J Pediatr 2019 10 11;86(10):969. Epub 2019 Jun 11.

Department of Pediatrics, Karnataka Institute of Medical Sciences, Hubballi, Karnataka, India.

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October 2019

Alarming rise in fatal electrocutions in Bangladesh: Comparison of two national surveys.

Burns 2019 09 5;45(6):1471-1476. Epub 2019 Jun 5.

Research Associate, Centre for Injury Prevention and Research Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh; Dept. of Non-Communicable Diseases, Bangladesh University of Health Sciences, Bangladesh. Electronic address:

Background And Objectives: Electrical injuries are major contributor to burn-related mortality and morbidity. Mortality data were compared from the two largest community-based health and injury surveys in Bangladesh conducted thirteen years apart to investigate the changes in epidemiological features of this adverse health event.

Methods: The nationwide Bangladesh Health and injury surveys (BHIS) were conducted among 819,429 people in 2003 and 299,216 in 2016 using a pretested semi-structured questionnaire at the household level. Read More

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September 2019

Lightning-strike-induced acute lung injury: a case report.

Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg 2019 Mar;25(2):198-201

Department of Emergency Medicine, Ankara Atatürk Training and Research Hospital, Ankara-Turkey.

Lightning strike is an environmental electrical injury with high rates of morbidity and mortality. Lightning strike injuries are also considered to be high-voltage injuries. Respiratory injuries associated with lightning strikes include pulmonary edema, pulmonary contusion, acute respiratory distress syndrome, and pulmonary hemorrhage. Read More

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Cutaneous Lichtenberg figures from lightning strike.

CMAJ 2019 03;191(9):E260

Department of Emergency Medicine (Mutter) and Division of Dermatology (Langley), The Ottawa Hospital, Ottawa, Ont.

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Lightning injuries in Northern Ireland.

Ulster Med J 2018 Oct 1;87(3):168-172. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Burns Unit, Royal Victoria Hospital, Belfast.

Introduction: Lightning injuries are uncommon in Northern Ireland (NI) with scarce reports detailing incidence and local experience. We present a case study of 3 patients involved in a single lightning strike with a review of the incidence of similar injuries in the province.

Methods: Data from TORRO's National Lightning Incidents Database between 1987 and 2016 (30 years) were searched to identify victims of lightning injuries in NI. Read More

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October 2018

When lightning strikes in pregnancy: Response Letter.

Authors:
Jessie R Maxwell

Acta Paediatr 2019 03 15;108(3):574. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Department of Pediatrics and Neurosciences, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, USA.

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Points & Pearls: Electrical injuries in the emergency department: an evidence-based review

Emerg Med Pract 2018 Nov 1;20(Suppl 11):1-2. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY

Electrical injuries can be caused by exposure to current from low-voltage and high-voltage sources as well as lightning strikes, and the circumstances of the exposure will dictate management strategies. Human tissues have varying resistance characteristics and susceptibility to damage, so injuries may be thermal, electrical, and/or mechanical, potentially causing burns, thrombosis, tetany, falls, and blast injury. This issue reviews the types of trauma seen with electrical injury and how body systems can be affected by occult or delayed effects, and the optimal evidence-based resuscitation and management strategies associated with each. Read More

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November 2018

Lightning strikes in pregnancy.

Acta Paediatr 2019 03 27;108(3):573. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

University of Illinois, Chicago, IL, USA.

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Electrical injuries in the emergency department: an evidence-based review.

Emerg Med Pract 2018 Nov 1;20(11):1-20. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Assistant Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine, Oklahoma University School of Community Medicine, the University of Oklahoma, Tulsa, OK.

Electrical injuries can be caused by exposure to current from low-voltage and high-voltage sources as well as lightning strikes, and the circumstances of the exposure will dictate management strategies. Human tissues have varying resistance characteristics and susceptibility to damage, so injuries may be thermal, electrical, and/or mechanical, potentially causing burns, thrombosis, tetany, falls, and blast injury. This issue reviews the types of trauma seen with electrical injury and how body systems can be affected by occult or delayed effects, and the optimal evidence-based resuscitation and management strategies associated with each. Read More

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November 2018

Update: Lightning strike injuries, active component, U.S. Armed Forces, 2008-2017.

MSMR 2018 Sep;25(9):20-24

During 2008-2017, a total of 241 service members had incident lightning-related medical encounters with ICD-9 or ICD-10 codes that documented specific lightning-associated injuries or illnesses. The crude overall incidence rate of lightning strike injury during the surveillance period was 1.9 cases per 100,000 person-years. Read More

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September 2018

Lightning accidents in the Austrian alps - a 10-year retrospective nationwide analysis.

Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med 2018 Sep 10;26(1):74. Epub 2018 Sep 10.

Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Hospital of the Brothers of St. John of God Salzburg, Teaching Hospital of the Paracelsus Medical University Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria.

Background: Lightning strikes are rare but potentially lethal. The risk for suffering a lightning strike in a mountain environment is unknown. The aim of this nationwide study was to analyse all lightning accidents in the Austrian Alps from 2005 to 2015, to assess the circumstances of the accident, the injury pattern as well as the outcome. Read More

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September 2018