Kidney Int 2021 Mar 25. Epub 2021 Mar 25.
Division of Nephrology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA; Division of Hematology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA.
Heavy chain/light chain (HLC) antibodies target conformational epitopes at the junctions of the heavy chain and light chain constant regions (CH1 and CL) of serum IgGκ, IgGλ, IgAκ, IgAλ, IgMκ, and IgMλ to provide quantitation of intact HLC pairs. Here, we developed an HLC tissue immunofluorescence protocol to test if it can complement conventional immunofluorescence in the diagnosis of monoclonal gammopathy-associated kidney diseases. HLC immunofluorescence was performed on archived frozen tissue of 104 kidney biopsies. Read More