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    Control of lice infestation in horses using a 10 mg/mL deltamethrin topical application.
    Ir Vet J 2017 19;70:22. Epub 2017 Jun 19.
    UDEAR, Université de Toulouse, INSERM, ENVT, 23 chemin des Capelles, 31076 Toulouse, France.
    Background: Two open-controlled studies evaluated the tolerance and the efficacy of a 10 mg/mL deltamethrin-based pour-on solution (Deltanil®; Virbac, France) in treating (study 1) and preventing (study 2) natural Damalinia equi infestations in horses. In study 1, seven adult horses received 10 mL of the solution from mane to tail head on day 0 (D0). Four adult horses, living separately, served as non-treated controls. Read More

    Survey for selected pathogens in wild pigs (Sus scrofa) from Guam, Marianna Islands, USA.
    Vet Microbiol 2017 Jun 3;205:22-25. Epub 2017 May 3.
    Southeastern Cooperative Wildlife Disease Study, Department of Population Health, College of Veterinary Medicine, Wildlife Health Building, 589 D.W. Brooks Dr., Athens, GA 30605, United States; Warnell School of Forestry and Natural Resources, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, United States. Electronic address:
    Pigs (Sus scrofa) were introduced to Guam in the 1600's and are now present in high densities throughout the island. Wild pigs are reservoirs for pathogens of concern to domestic animals and humans. Exposure to porcine parvovirus, transmissible gastroenteritis, and Leptospira interrogans has been documented in domestic swine but data from wild pigs are lacking. Read More

    Host sympatry and body size influence parasite straggling rate in a highly connected multihost, multiparasite system.
    Ecol Evol 2017 Jun 17;7(11):3724-3731. Epub 2017 Apr 17.
    Department of Biology and Whitney R. Harris World Ecology CenterUniversity of Missouri-St LouisSt LouisMOUSA.
    Parasite lineages commonly diverge when host lineages diverge. However, when large clades of hosts and parasites are analyzed, some cases suggest host switching as another major diversification mechanism. The first step in host switching is the appearance of a parasite on an atypical host, or "straggling. Read More

    The eggshell morphology of Rallicola unguiculatus Piaget, 1880 (Ischnocera: Phthiraptera).
    J Parasit Dis 2017 Jun 11;41(2):562-564. Epub 2016 Oct 11.
    Department of Zoology, Govt. Raza P.G. College, Rampur, U.P. 244901 India.
    The egg chorion of the greater coucal louse, Rallicola unguiculatus bears hexagonal ridges. The hat shaped opercular disc also shows hexagonal marks. Twenty to twenty-three button shaped micropyles occur along the opercular rim. Read More

    Three new species of the sucking louse genus Hoplopleura (Phthiraptera: Anoplura: Hoplopleuridae) from rodents (Mammalia: Rodentia: Muridae) in northern Australia.
    Zootaxa 2017 Mar 23;4247(1):31-44. Epub 2017 Mar 23.
    School of Science and Engineering, University of the Sunshine Coast, Sippy Downs, Queensland 4556, Australia. Present address: Australian Biological Resources Study, Department of the Environment and Energy, GPO Box 787, Canberra 2601, Australia..
    Three new species of the rodent louse genus Hoplopleura (Anoplura: Hoplopleuridae) are described and illustrated from Australia: H. melomydis new species from Melomys burtoni (Muridae: Hydromyini, grassland melomys) and M. capensis (Muridae: Hydromyini, Cape York melomys) from Queensland; H. Read More

    Lice induced immuno-oxidative wreckage of goats.
    Vet Parasitol 2017 Aug 24;242:24-30. Epub 2017 May 24.
    Division of Medicine, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, UP, 243122, India.
    The present study aimed to evaluate the immuno-oxidative patho-biology of lice infestation in goats. Sixty goats were divided into five groups; sucking lice (Linognathus africanus) infested (Group 1, n=12), chewing lice (Bovicola caprae) infested-mild (Group 2, n=12), chewing lice (B. caprae) infested-moderate (Group 3, n=12), chewing lice (B. Read More

    On the taxonomy of Korean jumping plant-lice (Hemiptera: Psylloidea).
    Zootaxa 2017 Mar 6;4238(4):531-561. Epub 2017 Mar 6.
    Insect Biosystematics Laboratory, Research Institute of Agriculture and Life Science, Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Seoul National University, 151-921, Korea.
    The taxonomy of jumping plant-lice from South Korea is revised based on extensive, recently collected material and specimens preserved in several collections. Three species are described as new (Craspedolepta yongjungi, Cacopsylla baccatae and Cyamophila floribundae spp. nov. Read More

    Microsomal Triglyceride Transfer Protein (MTP) in the ectoparasitic crustacean salmon louse (L. salmonis).
    J Lipid Res 2017 Jun 10. Epub 2017 Jun 10.
    University of Bergen, Norway;
    The salmon louse Lepeophtheirus salmonis is a challenging ectoparasite for the salmon farming industry and wild salmonids. Salmon lice have a very high reproductive output, that require deposition of large amounts of lipids into growing oocytes as a major energy source, most probably mediated by lipoproteins. Microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (MTP) is essential for the assembly of lipoproteins. Read More

    Rapid growth causes abnormal vaterite formation in farmed fish otoliths.
    J Exp Biol 2017 Jun 8. Epub 2017 Jun 8.
    School of BioSciences, University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010, Australia.
    Sagittal otoliths are essential components of the sensory organs that enable all teleost fish to hear and maintain balance, and are primarily composed of calcium carbonate. A deformity, where aragonite (the normal crystal form) is replaced with vaterite, was first noted over 50 years ago but its underlying cause is unresolved. We evaluated the prevalence of vateritic otoliths from two captive rearing studies which suggested that fast growth, due to environmental rather than genetic control, led to vaterite development. Read More

    Microbes and masculinity: Does exposure to pathogenic cues alter women's preferences for male facial masculinity and beardedness?
    PLoS One 2017 8;12(6):e0178206. Epub 2017 Jun 8.
    School of Psychology, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.
    Women's preferences for men's androgen dependent secondary sexual traits are proposed to be phenotypically plastic in response to exposure to pathogens and pathogen disgust. While previous studies report that masculinity in facial shape is more attractive to women who have recently been exposed to pathogenic cues and who are high in self-reported pathogen disgust, facial hair may reduce male attractiveness under conditions of high pathogens as beards are a possible breeding ground for disease carrying ectoparasites. In the present study, we test whether women's preferences for beardedness and facial masculinity vary due to exposure to different pathogenic cues. Read More

    Control of biting lice, mallophaga - a review.
    Acta Trop 2017 Jun 3. Epub 2017 Jun 3.
    Department of Agriculture, Food Environment, University of Pisa, via del Borghetto 80,56124 Pisa, Italy.
    The chewing lice (Mallophaga) are common parasites of different animals. Most of them infest terrestrial and marine birds, including pigeons, doves, swans, cormorants and penguins. Mallophaga have not been found on marine mammals but only on terrestrial ones, including livestock and pets. Read More

    Ionotropic receptors signal host recognition in the salmon louse (Lepeophtheirus salmonis, Copepoda).
    PLoS One 2017 5;12(6):e0178812. Epub 2017 Jun 5.
    Sea Lice Research Centre, Department of Biology, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.
    A remarkable feature of many parasites is a high degree of host specificity but the mechanisms behind are poorly understood. A major challenge for parasites is to identify and infect a suitable host. Many species show a high degree of host specificity, being able to survive only on one or a few related host species. Read More

    Phthiriasis palpebrarum: A case of eyelash infestation with Pthirus pubis.
    Exp Ther Med 2017 May 6;13(5):2000-2002. Epub 2017 Mar 6.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Tianjin Medical University Eye Hospital, Tianjin 300384, P.R. China.
    Phthiriasis palpebrarum is a rare type of eyelid infestation. In the present study, a 63-year-old woman presented with a case of phthiriasis palpebrarum, which was initially misdiagnosed as anterior blepharitis. The patient had a 2-month history of repeated episodes of itching and burning sensations and moderate pain in both eyes that were not improved by antibiotic and corticosteroid eye drops. Read More

    Reduced growth in wild juvenile sockeye salmon Oncorhynchus nerka infected with sea lice.
    J Fish Biol 2017 May 29. Epub 2017 May 29.
    Earth to Ocean Research Group, Department of Biological Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC, V5A 1S6, Canada.
    Daily growth rings were examined in the otoliths of wild juvenile sockeye salmon Oncorhynchus nerka to determine whether infection by ectoparasitic sea lice Caligus clemensi and Lepeophtheirus salmonis was associated with reduced host body growth, an important determinant of survival. Over 98% of the sea lice proved to be C. clemensi and the fish that were highly infected grew more slowly than uninfected individuals. Read More

    Identification of Novel Voltage-Gated Sodium Channel Mutations in Human Head and Body Lice (Phthiraptera: Pediculidae).
    J Med Entomol 2017 May 26. Epub 2017 May 26.
    Cellular and Molecular Research Center, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia 5756115111, Iran ( ; ; ).
    In recent years, the increase of head louse infestation in Iran (7.4%) and especially in West-Azerbaijan Province (248%) has raised the hypothesis of insecticide resistance development. There are different mechanisms of resistance to various groups of insecticides, and knockdown resistance (kdr) is a prominent mechanism of resistance to pyrethroids, an insecticide group which is used conventionally for pediculosis control. Read More

    Studies on the antibody response and side effects after intramuscular and intraperitoneal injection of Atlantic lumpfish (Cyclopterus lumpus L.) with different oil-based vaccines.
    J Fish Dis 2017 May 26. Epub 2017 May 26.
    Norwegian College of Fishery Science, University of Tromsø, Tromsø, Norway.
    Atlantic lumpfish (Cyclopterus lumpus L.) is used as a biological delousing agent for sea lice (Lepeophtheirus salmonis K.) infestations in Norwegian aquaculture. Read More

    A selection study on a laboratory-designed population of salmon lic (Lepeophtheirus salmonis) using organophosphate and pyrethroid pesticides.
    PLoS One 2017 22;12(5):e0178068. Epub 2017 May 22.
    Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Sea Lice Research Centre, Oslo, Norway.
    Resistance towards antiparasitic agents in the salmon louse (Lepeophtheirus salmonis) is a widespread problem along the Norwegian coast, reducing treatments efficacies and slowing down the envisioned expansion of Norwegian salmon production. The present study was conducted in order to assess the efficacies of two of the most widely used anti-parasitic substances-azamethiphos and deltamethrin-as well as assessing the benefit of having a resistant genotype compared to being fully sensitive when exposed to one of these substances. Atlantic salmon were exposed to a mix of salmon lice copepodids from a fully sensitive, a double resistant and a multi-resistant strain. Read More

    Ivermectin lipid-based nanocarriers as novel formulations against head lice.
    Parasitol Res 2017 May 18. Epub 2017 May 18.
    Centro de Investigaciones de Plagas e Insecticidas (CONICET- UNIDEF), Juan Bautista de La Salle 4397, B1603ALO, Villa Martelli, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
    The use of pyrethroids to control the human head louse, Pediculus humanus capitis De Geer (Anoplura: Pediculidae), has suffered considerable loss of efficacy due to the evolution of resistance. Thus, the development of efficiently insecticide delivery systems is imperative for the control of head lice. We studied the insecticidal activity of ivermectin-loaded lipid nanocapsules (IVM-LNC) against permethrin-resistant head lice from Argentina. Read More

    The many facets of motor learning and their relevance for Parkinson's disease.
    Clin Neurophysiol 2017 Jul 9;128(7):1127-1141. Epub 2017 Apr 9.
    Department of Physiology, Pharmacology & Neuroscience, CUNY School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA; The Fresco Institute for Parkinson's & Movement Disorders, NYU-Langone School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA. Electronic address:
    The final goal of motor learning, a complex process that includes both implicit and explicit (or declarative) components, is the optimization and automatization of motor skills. Motor learning involves different neural networks and neurotransmitters systems depending on the type of task and on the stage of learning. After the first phase of acquisition, a motor skill goes through consolidation (i. Read More

    Randomized, investigator-blinded, controlled clinical study with lice shampoo (Licener®) versus dimethicone (Jacutin® Pedicul Fluid) for the treatment of infestations with head lice.
    Parasitol Res 2017 Jul 9;116(7):1863-1870. Epub 2017 May 9.
    Clinic for Dermatology, Heinrich-Heine-University, Düsseldorf, Germany.
    The present clinical trial was conducted to obtain additional data for the safety and efficacy of a head lice shampoo that is free of silicone compared with an anti-head lice product containing dimethicone. Both products act by a physical mode of action. This randomized, investigator-blinded, controlled clinical study was conducted between July and November 2016 in households of two villages (Abou Rawash and Shandalat) in Egypt. Read More

    Behavioral antecedents for handwashing in a low-income urban setting in Bangladesh: an exploratory study.
    BMC Public Health 2017 May 5;17(1):392. Epub 2017 May 5.
    Social and Behavioral Interventions (SBI) Program, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA.
    Background: Health programs commonly promote handwashing by drawing attention to potential fecal contamination in the environment. The underlying assumption is that the thought of fecal contamination will result in disgust, and motivate people to wash their hands with soap. However, this has not proven sufficient to achieve high rates of handwashing with soap at key times. Read More

    Case report: a new method for treatment of permethrin - resistant head lice.
    Clin Case Rep 2017 May 17;5(5):601-604. Epub 2017 Mar 17.
    Department of PathobiologySchool of Veterinary MedicineShiraz University1731Shiraz71345Iran.
    Head lice (Pediculus humanus capitis) infestation is an important disease worldwide, especially in children under 11 years old. Permethrin is the most common insecticide for treatment of human pediculosis, but nowadays resistance to permethrin and other pyrethroids has caused many treatment failures. The second treatment of choice is malathion. Read More

    Simultaneous detection of chikungunya virus, dengue virus and human pathogenic Leptospira genomes using a multiplex TaqMan® assay.
    BMC Microbiol 2017 May 3;17(1):105. Epub 2017 May 3.
    Centre National Arbovirus Associé, CHU de la Réunion-Site Nord, Saint-Denis, Réunion, France.
    Background: In 2005-2006 a major epidemics of Chikungunya disease occurred in South-West Indian Ocean islands. In Reunion Island, the magnitude of Chikungunya infection related symptoms was high and with over 38% of serological prevalence in the population. This epidemics illustrated the potential threat of emerging arboviral diseases for inhabitants of Reunion Island and elsewhere since vectors are worldwide distributed. Read More

    'Snorkel' lice barrier technology reduced two co- occurring parasites, the salmon louse (Lepeophtheirus salmonis) and the amoebic gill disease causing agent (Neoparamoeba perurans), in commercial salmon sea-cages.
    Prev Vet Med 2017 May 10;140:97-105. Epub 2017 Mar 10.
    Institute of Marine Research, Matredal 5984, Norway.
    Diverse chemical-free parasite controls are gaining status in Atlantic salmon sea-cage farming. Yet, the intricacies of their use at commercial scale, including effects on co-occurring parasites, are seldom reported. A new salmon lice prevention method involves installing a deep net roof and 'snorkel' lice barrier in cages to shelter salmon from free-living infective larvae which concentrate at shallow depths, and allows salmon to jump and re- inflate their buoyancy-regulating swim bladder by swallowing air. Read More

    Effect of pyrethroid treatment against sea lice in salmon farming regarding consumers' health.
    Food Chem Toxicol 2017 Jul 27;105:347-354. Epub 2017 Apr 27.
    Department of Environmental Chemistry, Institute of Environmental Assessment and Water Research Studies (IDAEA), Spanish Council for Scientific Research (CSIC), Jordi Girona 18-26, 08034 Barcelona, Spain; Catalan Institute for Water Research (ICRA), H(2)O Building, Scientific and Technological Park of the University of Girona, Emili Grahit 101, 17003 Girona, Spain. Electronic address:
    Pyrethroids are the most popular drug against sea lice in salmon farming. Although they are more toxic to insects, they have toxic effects in mammals. Pyrethroids were detected in 100% of farmed salmon with a mean concentration of 1. Read More

    Cortical plasticity and levodopa-induced dyskinesias in Parkinson's disease: Connecting the dots in a multicomponent network.
    Clin Neurophysiol 2017 Jun 10;128(6):992-999. Epub 2017 Apr 10.
    Comprehensive Care Center for Movement Disorders, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Kerala, India. Electronic address:
    Levodopa-induced dyskinesias are motor complications following long term dopaminergic therapy in Parkinson's disease (PD). Impaired brain plasticity resulting in the creation of aberrant motor maps intended to encode normal voluntary movement is proposed to result in the development of dyskinesias. Traditionally, the various nodes in the motor network like the striato-cortical and the cerebello-thalamic loops were thought to function independent of each other with little communication among them. Read More

    Recognizing common parasitic infestations.
    JAAPA 2017 May;30(5):1-6
    Judy Truscott is program director and an assistant professor in the PA program at Chatham University in Pittsburgh, Pa. Alyssa Abebe is an assistant professor at Chatham University and practices at an HIV research clinic at the University of Pittsburgh. Kelly Donkers is academic coordinator and an assistant professor in the PA program at Chatham University. Daria Segers is a senior PA with the University of Pittsburgh Physicians. The authors have disclosed no potential conflicts of interest, financial or otherwise.
    Parasitic infestations commonly are seen in patients in primary care, urgent care, and EDs. These infestations are a common cause of pruritus and may lead to secondary infestations. This article reviews the signs and symptoms of pinworms, lice, bedbug, and scabies infestations, as well as diagnosis and appropriate treatment. Read More

    Novel polymeric micelles for insect pest control: encapsulation of essential oil monoterpenes inside a triblock copolymer shell for head lice control.
    PeerJ 2017 20;5:e3171. Epub 2017 Apr 20.
    Departamento de Química Física, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, España.
    Background: Essential oil components (EOCs) are molecules with interesting application in pest control, these have been evaluated against different insect pest from more than 100 years, but their practical use is rather limited. Thus, the enhancement of their bioavailability and manageability due to their dispersion in water can open new perspective for the preparation of formulations for the control of insect pest. In this work, we studied the encapsulation of different monoterpenes in a poloxamer shell in order to prepare aqueous formulations that can be used for the development of platforms used in pest control. Read More

    J Parasitol 2017 Apr 21. Epub 2017 Apr 21.
    * Auburn University Assistant Professor Fisheries Auburn University.
    Salmincola californiensis infected 25 of 31 (prevalence 0.8; intensity 2-35 [mean 6.6 ± standard deviation 7. Read More

    Primates, Lice and Bacteria: Speciation and Genome Evolution in the Symbionts of Hominid Lice.
    Mol Biol Evol 2017 Jul;34(7):1743-1757
    Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL.
    Insects with restricted diets rely on symbiotic bacteria to provide essential metabolites missing in their diet. The blood-sucking lice are obligate, host-specific parasites of mammals and are themselves host to symbiotic bacteria. In human lice, these bacterial symbionts supply the lice with B-vitamins. Read More

    Molecular Markers of Pesticide Resistance and Pathogens in Human Head Lice (Phthiraptera: Pediculidae) From Rural Georgia, USA.
    J Med Entomol 2017 Mar 2. Epub 2017 Mar 2.
    College of Science and Mathematics, Georgia Southern University, Statesboro, GA 30458
    Although the head louse, Pediculus humanus capitis De Geer, and body louse, Pediculus humanus humanus L., both have a worldwide distribution, the occurrence of head louse pediculosis appears to be more prevalent in modern societies despite systematic use of various pediculicides. This study tested head lice collected in rural Georgia and body lice collected in Russia for the prevalence of a kdr-biomarker that is associated with permethrin resistance. Read More

    First Detection of the Kdr Mutation T929I in Head Lice (Phthiraptera: Pediculidae) in Schoolchildren of the Metropolitan Area of Nuevo Leon and Yucatan, Mexico.
    J Med Entomol 2017 Mar 3. Epub 2017 Mar 3.
    Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Facultad de Ciencias Biológicas, San Nicolás de los Garza, N.L., 66451 México
    The head louse Pediculus humanus capitis (De Geer) is a hematophagous ectoparasite that inhabits the human scalp. Infestations by this insect are commonly known as pediculosis, which is more common in younger groups. These infestations are asymptomatic; however, skin irritation from scratching occasionally may cause secondary bacterial infections. Read More

    Evolution of virulence under intensive farming: salmon lice increase skin lesions and reduce host growth in salmon farms.
    J Evol Biol 2017 Jun 29;30(6):1136-1142. Epub 2017 Apr 29.
    Department of Biology, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.
    Parasites rely on resources from a host and are selected to achieve an optimal combination of transmission and virulence. Human-induced changes in parasite ecology, such as intensive farming of hosts, might not only favour increased parasite abundances, but also alter the selection acting on parasites and lead to life-history evolution. The trade-off between transmission and virulence could be affected by intensive farming practices such as high host density and the use of antiparasitic drugs, which might lead to increased virulence in some host-parasite systems. Read More

    Lice, rodents, and many hopes: a rare disease in a young refugee.
    Crit Care 2017 Apr 3;21(1):81. Epub 2017 Apr 3.
    Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Largo A. Gemelli, 8 00168, Rome, Italy.

    Bacterial arthropod-borne diseases in West Africa.
    Acta Trop 2017 Jul 30;171:124-137. Epub 2017 Mar 30.
    Aix-Marseille Université, URMITE, UM63, CNRS 7278, IRD 198, INSERM 1095, Marseille, France. Electronic address:
    Arthropods such as ticks, lice, fleas and mites are excellent vectors for many pathogenic agents including bacteria, protozoa and viruses to animals. Moreover, many of these pathogens can also be accidentally transmitted to humans throughout the world. Bacterial vector-borne diseases seem to be numerous and very important in human pathology, however, they are often ignored and are not well known. Read More

    Making the most of your host: the Metrosideros-feeding psyllids (Hemiptera, Psylloidea) of the Hawaiian Islands.
    Zookeys 2017 31(649):1-163. Epub 2017 Jan 31.
    Department of Life Sciences, Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London, UK, and University of British Columbia, Faculty of Science, University Boulevard, Vancouver, BC, Canada.
    The Hawaiian psyllids (Psylloidea, Triozidae) feeding on Metrosideros (Myrtaceae) constitute a remarkable radiation of more than 35 species. This monophyletic group has diversified on a single, highly polymorphic host plant species, Metrosideros polymorpha. Eleven Metrosideros-feeding species included in the Insects of Hawaii by Zimmerman are redescribed, and an additional 25 new species are described. Read More

    Factors influencing the long-term dynamics of larval sea lice density at east and west coast locations in Scotland.
    Dis Aquat Organ 2017 03;123(3):181-192
    Institute of Biological and Environmental Sciences, School of Biological Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Tillydrone Avenue, Aberdeen AB24 2TZ, UK.
    Sea lice (Copepoda: Caligidae) are marine copepods that parasitize finfish, and in cases of high infestation can result in severe epithelial damage and mortality. In Scotland, 2 species of sea louse, Lepeophtheirus salmonis and Caligus elongatus, pose a significant economic burden to the marine Atlantic salmon aquaculture industry and potentially impact wild salmonids. The purpose of this study was to determine how the density of pelagic sea lice is affected by external variables, in order to improve our understanding of sea lice dynamics. Read More

    Prevalence of ectoparasites in dogs of Shimoga, Karnataka.
    J Parasit Dis 2017 Mar 24;41(1):167-170. Epub 2016 Mar 24.
    Department of Veterinary Parasitology, Veterinary College, Vinoba Nagar, Shimoga, Karnataka 577 204 India.
    A study was carried out to ascertain the status of ecto-parasites infesting dogs of Shimoga region. A total of 120 dogs with the history of skin problems presented to the local hospitals and local pet clinics of Shimoga region were screened for different ecto-parasites. The ticks, fleas and lice were collected, processed and identified. Read More

    A note on the haematophagous nature of poultry shaft louse, Menopon gallinae (Amblycera: Phthiraptera).
    J Parasit Dis 2017 Mar 21;41(1):117-119. Epub 2016 Mar 21.
    Government P. G. College, Bilaspur, Rampur, U.P. India.
    An analysis of the crop contents of the poultry shaft louse, Menopon gallina indicates that 67 % of adult males and 72 % of the adult females examined carried red content compatible to host blood, along with feather barbules. The percentage of nymphal instars carrying red content in the crop was quite low. On the basis of crop contents the louse does not seem to harbor any triturating agent and is also not involved in cannibalism or predation. Read More

    There Is a Method to the Madness: Strategies to Study Host Complement Evasion by Lyme Disease and Relapsing Fever Spirochetes.
    Front Microbiol 2017 2;8:328. Epub 2017 Mar 2.
    Division of Infectious Disease, Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health Albany, NY, USA.
    Lyme disease and relapsing fever are caused by various Borrelia species. Lyme disease borreliae, the most common vector-borne pathogens in both the U.S. Read More

    Paternal Genome Elimination in Liposcelis Booklice (Insecta: Psocodea).
    Genetics 2017 Jun 14;206(2):1091-1100. Epub 2017 Mar 14.
    Department of Biology, University of Victoria, V8P 5C2, Canada
    How sex is determined in insects is diverse and dynamic, and includes male heterogamety, female heterogamety, and haplodiploidy. In many insect lineages, sex determination is either completely unknown or poorly studied. We studied sex determination in Psocodea-a species-rich order of insects that includes parasitic lice, barklice, and booklice. Read More

    168 million years old "marine lice" and the evolution of parasitism within isopods.
    BMC Evol Biol 2017 Mar 9;17(1):76. Epub 2017 Mar 9.
    Functional morphology group, Department of Biology II, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Großhaderner Strasse 2, 82152, Planegg-Martinsried, Germany.
    Background: Isopods (woodlice, slaters and their relatives) are common crustaceans and abundant in numerous habitats. They employ a variety of lifestyles including free-living scavengers and predators but also obligate parasites. This modern-day variability of lifestyles is not reflected in isopod fossils so far, mostly as the life habits of many fossil isopods are still unclear. Read More

    The efficacy of Australian essential oils for the treatment of head lice infestation in children: A randomised controlled trial.
    Australas J Dermatol 2017 Mar 7. Epub 2017 Mar 7.
    Ego Pharmaceuticals, Braeside, Victoria, Australia.
    Background: The increase in resistance of head lice to neurotoxic pediculicides and public concern over their safety has led to an increase in alternative treatments, many of which are poorly researched or even untested.

    Methods: A multicentre, randomised, assessor-blind, parallel-group trial (Trial 1) was conducted to compare the safety and efficacy of a head lice treatment containing Australian eucalyptus oil and Leptospermum petersonii (EO/LP solution; applied thrice with 7-day intervals between applications) with a neurotoxic treatment containing pyrethrins and piperonyl butoxide (P/PB mousse; applied twice with a 7-day interval) in children. A single-blind, open trial (Trial 2) was conducted to assess the efficacy of EO/LP solution following a single application. Read More

    Parasitism perturbs the mucosal microbiome of Atlantic Salmon.
    Sci Rep 2017 Mar 7;7:43465. Epub 2017 Mar 7.
    Universite Laval, Quebec, Canada.
    Interactions between parasite, host and host-associated microbiota are increasingly understood as important determinants of disease progression and morbidity. Salmon lice, including the parasitic copepod Lepeophtheirus salmonis and related species, are perhaps the most important problem facing Atlantic Salmon aquaculture after feed sustainability. Salmon lice parasitize the surface of the fish, feeding off mucus, scales and underlying tissue. Read More

    The jumping plant-lice of the Neotropical genus Tainarys (Hemiptera: Psylloidea) associated with Anacardiaceae.
    Zootaxa 2017 Feb 20;4232(4):zootaxa.4232.4.5. Epub 2017 Feb 20.
    Naturhistorisches Museum, Augustinergasse 2, CH-4001 Basel, Switzerland..
    The Neotropical psyllid genus Tainarys Brèthes, 1920 is revised to include 14 extant and one fossil species from Dominican amber. Eight species are described as new, viz. Tainarys aroeira sp. Read More

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