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    EXOTIC "GILL LICE" SPECIES (COPEPODA: LERNAEOPODIDAE: SALMINCOLA SPP.) INFECT RAINBOW TROUT (ONCORHYNCHUS MYKISS) AND BROOK TROUT (SALVELINUS FONTINALIS) IN THE SOUTHEASTERN UNITED STATES.
    J Parasitol 2017 Apr 21. Epub 2017 Apr 21.
    * Auburn University Assistant Professor Fisheries Auburn University.
    Salmincola californiensis infected 25 of 31 (prevalence 0.8; intensity 2-35 [mean 6.6 ± standard deviation 7. Read More

    Primates, lice and bacteria: speciation and genome evolution in the symbionts of hominid lice.
    Mol Biol Evol 2017 Apr 14. Epub 2017 Apr 14.
    Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida.
    Insects with restricted diets rely on symbiotic bacteria to provide essential metabolites missing in their diet. The blood-sucking lice are obligate, host-specific parasites of mammals and are themselves host to symbiotic bacteria. In human lice, these bacterial symbionts supply the lice with B-vitamins. Read More

    Molecular Markers of Pesticide Resistance and Pathogens in Human Head Lice (Phthiraptera: Pediculidae) From Rural Georgia, USA.
    J Med Entomol 2017 Mar 2. Epub 2017 Mar 2.
    College of Science and Mathematics, Georgia Southern University, Statesboro, GA 30458
    Although the head louse, Pediculus humanus capitis De Geer, and body louse, Pediculus humanus humanus L., both have a worldwide distribution, the occurrence of head louse pediculosis appears to be more prevalent in modern societies despite systematic use of various pediculicides. This study tested head lice collected in rural Georgia and body lice collected in Russia for the prevalence of a kdr-biomarker that is associated with permethrin resistance. Read More

    Two New Species of Sucking Lice (Phthiraptera: Anoplura: Polyplacidae) From Endangered, Hibernating Lemurs (Primates: Cheirogaleidae).
    J Med Entomol 2017 Feb 15. Epub 2017 Feb 15.
    Department of Biology, Georgia Southern University, 4324 Old Register Rd., Statesboro, GA 30458
    Lemurpediculus robbinsi sp. nov. is described from Crossley's dwarf lemur, Cheirogaleus crossleyi A. Read More

    First Detection of the Kdr Mutation T929I in Head Lice (Phthiraptera: Pediculidae) in Schoolchildren of the Metropolitan Area of Nuevo Leon and Yucatan, Mexico.
    J Med Entomol 2017 Mar 3. Epub 2017 Mar 3.
    Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Facultad de Ciencias Biológicas, San Nicolás de los Garza, N.L., 66451 México
    The head louse Pediculus humanus capitis (De Geer) is a hematophagous ectoparasite that inhabits the human scalp. Infestations by this insect are commonly known as pediculosis, which is more common in younger groups. These infestations are asymptomatic; however, skin irritation from scratching occasionally may cause secondary bacterial infections. Read More

    Evolution of virulence under intensive farming: Salmon lice increase skin lesions and reduce host growth in salmon farms.
    J Evol Biol 2017 Apr 4. Epub 2017 Apr 4.
    Department of biology, University of Bergen, Norway.
    Parasites rely on resources from a host and are selected to achieve an optimal combination of transmission and virulence. Human-induced changes in parasite ecology, such as intensive farming of hosts, might not only favor increased parasite abundances, but also alter the selection acting on parasites and lead to life history evolution. The trade-off between transmission and virulence could be affected by intensive farming practices such as high host density and the use of anti-parasitic drugs, which might lead to increased virulence in some host-parasite systems. Read More

    Lice, rodents, and many hopes: a rare disease in a young refugee.
    Crit Care 2017 Apr 3;21(1):81. Epub 2017 Apr 3.
    Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Largo A. Gemelli, 8 00168, Rome, Italy.

    Bacterial arthropod-borne diseases in West Africa.
    Acta Trop 2017 Mar 30;171:124-137. Epub 2017 Mar 30.
    Aix-Marseille Université, URMITE, UM63, CNRS 7278, IRD 198, INSERM 1095, Marseille, France. Electronic address:
    Arthropods such as ticks, lice, fleas and mites are excellent vectors for many pathogenic agents including bacteria, protozoa and viruses to animals. Moreover, many of these pathogens can also be accidentally transmitted to humans throughout the world. Bacterial vector-borne diseases seem to be numerous and very important in human pathology, however, they are often ignored and are not well known. Read More

    Making the most of your host: the Metrosideros-feeding psyllids (Hemiptera, Psylloidea) of the Hawaiian Islands.
    Zookeys 2017 31(649):1-163. Epub 2017 Jan 31.
    Department of Life Sciences, Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London, UK, and University of British Columbia, Faculty of Science, University Boulevard, Vancouver, BC, Canada.
    The Hawaiian psyllids (Psylloidea, Triozidae) feeding on Metrosideros (Myrtaceae) constitute a remarkable radiation of more than 35 species. This monophyletic group has diversified on a single, highly polymorphic host plant species, Metrosideros polymorpha. Eleven Metrosideros-feeding species included in the Insects of Hawaii by Zimmerman are redescribed, and an additional 25 new species are described. Read More

    Factors influencing the long-term dynamics of larval sea lice density at east and west coast locations in Scotland.
    Dis Aquat Organ 2017 Mar;123(3):181-192
    Institute of Biological and Environmental Sciences, School of Biological Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Tillydrone Avenue, Aberdeen AB24 2TZ, UK.
    Sea lice (Copepoda: Caligidae) are marine copepods that parasitize finfish, and in cases of high infestation can result in severe epithelial damage and mortality. In Scotland, 2 species of sea louse, Lepeophtheirus salmonis and Caligus elongatus, pose a significant economic burden to the marine Atlantic salmon aquaculture industry and potentially impact wild salmonids. The purpose of this study was to determine how the density of pelagic sea lice is affected by external variables, in order to improve our understanding of sea lice dynamics. Read More

    Prevalence of ectoparasites in dogs of Shimoga, Karnataka.
    J Parasit Dis 2017 Mar 24;41(1):167-170. Epub 2016 Mar 24.
    Department of Veterinary Parasitology, Veterinary College, Vinoba Nagar, Shimoga, Karnataka 577 204 India.
    A study was carried out to ascertain the status of ecto-parasites infesting dogs of Shimoga region. A total of 120 dogs with the history of skin problems presented to the local hospitals and local pet clinics of Shimoga region were screened for different ecto-parasites. The ticks, fleas and lice were collected, processed and identified. Read More

    A note on the haematophagous nature of poultry shaft louse, Menopon gallinae (Amblycera: Phthiraptera).
    J Parasit Dis 2017 Mar 21;41(1):117-119. Epub 2016 Mar 21.
    Government P. G. College, Bilaspur, Rampur, U.P. India.
    An analysis of the crop contents of the poultry shaft louse, Menopon gallina indicates that 67 % of adult males and 72 % of the adult females examined carried red content compatible to host blood, along with feather barbules. The percentage of nymphal instars carrying red content in the crop was quite low. On the basis of crop contents the louse does not seem to harbor any triturating agent and is also not involved in cannibalism or predation. Read More

    There Is a Method to the Madness: Strategies to Study Host Complement Evasion by Lyme Disease and Relapsing Fever Spirochetes.
    Front Microbiol 2017 2;8:328. Epub 2017 Mar 2.
    Division of Infectious Disease, Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health Albany, NY, USA.
    Lyme disease and relapsing fever are caused by various Borrelia species. Lyme disease borreliae, the most common vector-borne pathogens in both the U.S. Read More

    Paternal Genome Elimination in Liposcelis Booklice (Insecta: Psocodea).
    Genetics 2017 Mar 14. Epub 2017 Mar 14.
    University of Victoria; Canadian Institute for Advanced Research
    How sex is determined in insects is diverse and dynamic, and includes male heterogamety, female heterogamety, and haplodiploidy. In many insect lineages, sex determination is either completely unknown or poorly studied. We studied sex determination in Psocodea, a species-rich order of insects that includes parasitic lice, barklice, and booklice. Read More

    168 million years old "marine lice" and the evolution of parasitism within isopods.
    BMC Evol Biol 2017 Mar 9;17(1):76. Epub 2017 Mar 9.
    Functional morphology group, Department of Biology II, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Großhaderner Strasse 2, 82152, Planegg-Martinsried, Germany.
    Background: Isopods (woodlice, slaters and their relatives) are common crustaceans and abundant in numerous habitats. They employ a variety of lifestyles including free-living scavengers and predators but also obligate parasites. This modern-day variability of lifestyles is not reflected in isopod fossils so far, mostly as the life habits of many fossil isopods are still unclear. Read More

    The efficacy of Australian essential oils for the treatment of head lice infestation in children: A randomised controlled trial.
    Australas J Dermatol 2017 Mar 7. Epub 2017 Mar 7.
    Ego Pharmaceuticals, Braeside, Victoria, Australia.
    Background: The increase in resistance of head lice to neurotoxic pediculicides and public concern over their safety has led to an increase in alternative treatments, many of which are poorly researched or even untested.

    Methods: A multicentre, randomised, assessor-blind, parallel-group trial (Trial 1) was conducted to compare the safety and efficacy of a head lice treatment containing Australian eucalyptus oil and Leptospermum petersonii (EO/LP solution; applied thrice with 7-day intervals between applications) with a neurotoxic treatment containing pyrethrins and piperonyl butoxide (P/PB mousse; applied twice with a 7-day interval) in children. A single-blind, open trial (Trial 2) was conducted to assess the efficacy of EO/LP solution following a single application. Read More

    Parasitism perturbs the mucosal microbiome of Atlantic Salmon.
    Sci Rep 2017 Mar 7;7:43465. Epub 2017 Mar 7.
    Universite Laval, Quebec, Canada.
    Interactions between parasite, host and host-associated microbiota are increasingly understood as important determinants of disease progression and morbidity. Salmon lice, including the parasitic copepod Lepeophtheirus salmonis and related species, are perhaps the most important problem facing Atlantic Salmon aquaculture after feed sustainability. Salmon lice parasitize the surface of the fish, feeding off mucus, scales and underlying tissue. Read More

    The jumping plant-lice of the Neotropical genus Tainarys (Hemiptera: Psylloidea) associated with Anacardiaceae.
    Zootaxa 2017 Feb 20;4232(4):zootaxa.4232.4.5. Epub 2017 Feb 20.
    Naturhistorisches Museum, Augustinergasse 2, CH-4001 Basel, Switzerland..
    The Neotropical psyllid genus Tainarys Brèthes, 1920 is revised to include 14 extant and one fossil species from Dominican amber. Eight species are described as new, viz. Tainarys aroeira sp. Read More

    A new species of the genus Amyrsidea (Phthiraptera: Amblycera: Menoponidae) parasitizing domestic chickens in Saudi Arabia.
    Zootaxa 2017 Mar 2;4238(2):zootaxa.4238.2.5. Epub 2017 Mar 2.
    Research Chair of Insect Vector Borne Diseases, Department of Plant Protection, College of Food and Agriculture Science, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia..
    Amyrsidea Ewing, 1927 is a genus of chewing lice comprising 52 species, divided into five subgenera: Amyrsidea sensu stricto, Argimenopon Eichler, 1947, Cracimenopon Carriker, 1954, Desumenopon Carriker, 1954 and Numidimenopon Scharf & Price, 1977 (see Price et al. 2003: 86), which parasitise a wide range of hosts belonging to the avian order Galliformes (see Price et al. 2003: 321). Read More

    The role of chewing lice (Phthiraptera: Philopteridae) as intermediate hosts in the transmission of Hymenolepis microps (Cestoda: Cyclophyllidea) from the willow ptarmigan Lagopus lagopus (Aves: Tetraonidae).
    J Helminthol 2017 Mar 6:1-7. Epub 2017 Mar 6.
    Department of Biology,University of Bergen,PO Box 7803,N-5006 Bergen,Norway.
    The cestode Hymenolepis microps is an intestinal parasite of tetraonid birds, including the willow ptarmigan (Lagopus lagopus). This parasite is able to maintain a high prevalence and intensity throughout the year, even in a subarctic environment in bird populations with relatively low host densities, indicating effective transmission routes. Willow ptarmigan consume mainly vegetal material and active consumption of invertebrates is confined to the first two or three weeks of life. Read More

    Molecular and serological evidence of flea-associated typhus group and spotted fever group rickettsial infections in Madagascar.
    Parasit Vectors 2017 Mar 4;10(1):125. Epub 2017 Mar 4.
    Institute of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK.
    Background: Rickettsiae are obligate intracellular bacteria responsible for many febrile syndromes around the world, including in sub-Saharan Africa. Vectors of these pathogens include ticks, lice, mites and fleas. In order to assess exposure to flea-associated Rickettsia species in Madagascar, human and small mammal samples from an urban and a rural area, and their associated fleas were tested. Read More

    Genotype Imputation To Improve the Cost-Efficiency of Genomic Selection in Farmed Atlantic Salmon.
    G3 (Bethesda) 2017 Apr 3;7(4):1377-1383. Epub 2017 Apr 3.
    The Roslin Institute and Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies, University of Edinburgh, Midlothian EH25 9RG, United Kingdom
    Genomic selection uses genome-wide marker information to predict breeding values for traits of economic interest, and is more accurate than pedigree-based methods. The development of high density SNP arrays for Atlantic salmon has enabled genomic selection in selective breeding programs, alongside high-resolution association mapping of the genetic basis of complex traits. However, in sibling testing schemes typical of salmon breeding programs, trait records are available on many thousands of fish with close relationships to the selection candidates. Read More

    Bartonella species pathogenic for humans infect pets, free-ranging wild mammals and their ectoparasites in the Caatinga biome, Northeastern Brazil: a serological and molecular study.
    Braz J Infect Dis 2017 Feb 27. Epub 2017 Feb 27.
    Universidade Federal do Vale do São Francisco (Univasf), Laboratório de Doenças Parasitárias Laboratory of Parasitic Diseases, Petrolina, PE, Brazil. Electronic address:
    This study verified the occurrence of Bartonella spp. in dogs, cats, wild mammals and their ectoparasites in Petrolina and Lagoa Grande Counties, Pernambuco, located in a semi-arid region in Northeastern Brazil. Anti-Bartonella spp. Read More

    Sea lice infestation levels decrease with deeper 'snorkel' barriers in Atlantic salmon sea-cages.
    Pest Manag Sci 2017 Mar 1. Epub 2017 Mar 1.
    Institute of Marine Research, Matredal, Norway.
    Background: Salmon lice (Lepeophtheirus salmonis) are the most important parasites of farmed salmon. Infective larvae position themselves in the upper part of the water column to increase encounter probabilities with potential hosts. Previous studies have shown that a 'snorkel' sea-cage technology protects salmon from infection in surface waters. Read More

    Preen oil and bird fitness: a critical review of the evidence.
    Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 2017 Feb 23. Epub 2017 Feb 23.
    Departamento de Zoología, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Granada, E-18071, Granada, Spain.
    The uropygial gland is a holocrine complex exclusive to birds that produces an oleaginous secretion (preen oil) whose function is still debated. Herein, I examine critically the evidence for the many hypotheses of potential functions of this gland. The main conclusion is that our understanding of this gland is still in its infancy. Read More

    Comparative cophylogenetics of Australian phabine pigeons and doves (Aves: Columbidae) and their feather lice (Insecta: Phthiraptera).
    Int J Parasitol 2017 Feb 10. Epub 2017 Feb 10.
    Illinois Natural History Survey, Prairie Research Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1816 S. Oak St., Champaign, IL 61820, USA.
    Host-parasite coevolutionary histories can differ among multiple groups of parasites associated with the same group of hosts. For example, parasitic wing and body lice (Insecta: Phthiraptera) of New World pigeons and doves (Aves: Columbidae) differ in their cophylogenetic patterns, with body lice exhibiting higher phylogenetic congruence with their hosts than wing lice. In this study, we focus on the wing and body lice of Australian phabine pigeons and doves to determine whether the patterns in New World pigeons and doves are consistent with those of pigeons and doves from other regions. Read More

    The Dynamics of the Defense Strategy of Pea Induced by Exogenous Nitric Oxide in Response to Aphid Infestation.
    Int J Mol Sci 2017 Feb 5;18(2). Epub 2017 Feb 5.
    Department of Plant Physiology, Poznań University of Life Sciences, Wołyńska 35, 60-637 Poznań, Poland.
    The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of exogenous nitric oxide (NO), i.e., S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO) and sodium nitroprusside (SNP), on the metabolic status of Pisum sativum L. Read More

    The mitochondrial genome of the guanaco louse, Microthoracius praelongiceps: insights into the ancestral mitochondrial karyotype of sucking lice (Anoplura, Insecta).
    Genome Biol Evol 2017 Feb 2. Epub 2017 Feb 2.
    GeneCology Research Centre, School of Science and Engineering, Faculty of Science, Health, Education and Engineering, University of the Sunshine Coast, Maroochydore, Queensland, Australia.

    Flammability testing of 22 conventional European pediculicides.
    Parasitol Res 2017 Apr 2;116(4):1189-1196. Epub 2017 Feb 2.
    Institute for Ecology, Evolution and Diversity, Goethe University, Max-von-Laue-Str. 13, D-60438, Frankfurt/Main, Germany.
    Lice have been parasitizing humans for at least 10,000 years. Since then, humans have tried to rid themselves of these unpleasant and potentially disease-carrying insects. Despite various plant extracts and chemical compounds being used to combat recurring infestations to this date, several lice populations have developed resistance to some of the abundantly used compounds. Read More

    The use of genomic information increases the accuracy of breeding value predictions for sea louse (Caligus rogercresseyi) resistance in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar).
    Genet Sel Evol 2017 01 31;49(1):15. Epub 2017 Jan 31.
    Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias y Pecuarias, Universidad de Chile, Av Santa Rosa 11735, La Pintana, Chile.
    Sea lice infestations caused by Caligus rogercresseyi are a main concern to the salmon farming industry due to associated economic losses. Resistance to this parasite was shown to have low to moderate genetic variation and its genetic architecture was suggested to be polygenic. The aim of this study was to compare accuracies of breeding value predictions obtained with pedigree-based best linear unbiased prediction (P-BLUP) methodology against different genomic prediction approaches: genomic BLUP (G-BLUP), Bayesian Lasso, and Bayes C. Read More

    Enhanced transcriptomic responses in the Pacific salmon louse Lepeophtheirus salmonis oncorhynchi to the non-native Atlantic Salmon Salmo salar suggests increased parasite fitness.
    BMC Genomics 2017 Jan 30;18(1):110. Epub 2017 Jan 30.
    Pacific Biological Station, Fisheries & Oceans Canada, Nanaimo, British Columbia, Canada.
    Background: Outcomes of infections with the salmon louse Lepeophtheirus salmonis vary considerably among its natural hosts (Salmo, Oncorhynchus spp.). Host-parasite interactions range from weak to strong host responses accompanied by high to low parasite abundances, respectively. Read More

    HEALTH SURVEY OF FREE-RANGING RACCOONS (PROCYON LOTOR) IN CENTRAL PARK, NEW YORK, NEW YORK, USA: IMPLICATIONS FOR HUMAN AND DOMESTIC ANIMAL HEALTH.
    J Wildl Dis 2017 Apr 30;53(2):272-284. Epub 2017 Jan 30.
    1   Wildlife Conservation Society, Zoological Health Program, 2300 Southern Boulevard, Bronx, New York 10460, USA.
    We conducted health assessments on 113 free-ranging raccoons ( Procyon lotor ) in Central Park, New York City, US, in February 2010, September 2010, and November 2011 in conjunction with a trap-vaccinate-release program to control a raccoon rabies epizootic. Five individuals were sampled at two time points for 118 raccoon examinations in total. We tested 13 of 13 and 8 of 13 euthanized raccoons for rabies and canine distemper virus (CDV), respectively, by antigen testing on brain tissue; all were negative for both viruses. Read More

    Bartonellosis, One Health and all creatures great and small.
    Vet Dermatol 2017 Feb;28(1):96-e21
    Department of Clinical Sciences, The Comparative Medicine Institute, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University, 1060 William Moore Drive, Raleigh, NC, 27607, USA.
    Background: Bartonellosis is a zoonotic infectious disease of worldwide distribution, caused by an expanding number of recently discovered Bartonella spp.

    Objectives: This review serves as an update on comparative medical aspects of this disease, including the epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical diagnosis, treatment and challenges.

    Results: Of comparative medical importance, Bartonella spp. Read More

    Phylogenomics from Whole Genome Sequences Using aTRAM.
    Syst Biol 2017 Jan 25. Epub 2017 Jan 25.
    1. Illinois Natural History Survey, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana IL.
    Novel sequencing technologies are rapidly expanding the size of datasets that can be applied to phylogenetic studies. Currently the most commonly used phylogenomic approaches involve some form of genome reduction. While these approaches make assembling phylogenomic datasets more economical for organisms with large genomes, they reduce the genomic coverage and thereby the long-term utility of the data. Read More

    Phylogenomics using Target-restricted Assembly Resolves Intra-generic Relationships of Parasitic Lice (Phthiraptera: Columbicola).
    Syst Biol 2017 Jan 19. Epub 2017 Jan 19.
    Illinois Natural History Survey, Prairie Research Institute, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign.
    Parasitic "wing lice" (Phthiraptera: Columbicola) and their dove and pigeon hosts are a well-recognized model system for coevolutionary studies at the intersection of micro- and macroevolution. Selection on lice in microevolutionary time occurs as pigeons and doves defend themselves against lice by preening. In turn, behavioral and morphological adaptations of the lice improve their ability to evade host defense. Read More

    Comparison of the proliferation and excretion of Bartonella quintana between body and head lice following oral challenge.
    Insect Mol Biol 2017 Jun 20;26(3):266-276. Epub 2017 Jan 20.
    Department of Veterinary & Animal Science, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA, USA.
    Human body and head lice are highly related haematophagous ectoparasites but only the body louse has been shown to transmit Bartonella quintana, the causative agent of trench fever. The mechanisms by which body lice became a vector for B. quintana, however, are poorly understood. Read More

    Slender-horned gazelle (Gazella leptoceros), a new host for Tricholipeurus balanicus (Phthiraptera: Ischnocera: Trichodectidae).
    Turkiye Parazitol Derg 2016 Dec;40(4):211-214
    Department of Parasitology, Selçuk University School of Veterinary, Konya, Turkey.
    This study was performed to provide information on Tricholipeurus balanicus (Werneck 1938) detected on slender-horned gazelles (Gazella leptoceros) (Cuvier 1842). Four slender-horned gazelles kept in the El Hamma Zoological Garden in Algeria were examined for lice in April 2015. Three of the four gazelles were infested with lice; of 37 lice collected from the infested animals, 14 were females, 16 were males, and 7 were nymphs. Read More

    Molecular characterization and functional analysis of a salmon louse (Lepeophtheirus salmonis, Krøyer 1838) heme peroxidase with a potential role in extracellular matrixes.
    Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol 2017 Apr 11;206:1-10. Epub 2017 Jan 11.
    SLCR-Sea Lice Research Center, Institute of Marine Research, 5817 Bergen, Norway.
    Heme peroxidases are the most abundant type of peroxidase catalyzing a H2O2-dependent oxidation of a wide variety of substrates. They are involved in numerous processes like the innate immune response, hormone and prostaglandin synthesis and crosslinking of proteins within extracellular matrixes (ECM) as well as molecules within the cuticle and chorion of arthropods and nematodes. In the present study, a Lepeophtheirus salmonis heme peroxidase (LsHPX) 1 was characterized. Read More

    Ovicidal Efficacy of Abametapir Against Eggs of Human Head and Body Lice (Anoplura: Pediculidae).
    J Med Entomol 2017 Jan 21;54(1):167-172. Epub 2016 Aug 21.
    Department of Veterinary and Animal Science, Morrill 1, N311B, University of Massachusetts, 639 N. Pleasant St., Amherst, MA 01003
    Studies were undertaken to determine the ovicidal efficacy of 5,5'-dimethyl-2,2'-bipyridyl (abametapir) against eggs of both human head and body lice. Head lice eggs of different ages (0-2, 3-5, and 6-8-d-old eggs) were exposed to varying concentrations of abametapir in isopropanol and concentration-dependent response relationships established based on egg hatch. One hundred percent of all abametapir-treated eggs failed to hatch at the 0. Read More

    Uncovering iron regulation with species-specific transcriptome patterns in Atlantic and coho salmon during a Caligus rogercresseyi infestation.
    J Fish Dis 2017 Jan 11. Epub 2017 Jan 11.
    Laboratory of Biotechnology and Aquatic Genomics, Department of Oceanography, Interdisciplinary Center for Aquaculture Research, Universidad de Concepción, Concepción, Chile.
    Salmon species cultured in Chile evidence different levels of susceptibility to the sea louse Caligus rogercresseyi. These differences have mainly been associated with specific immune responses. Moreover, iron regulation seems to be an important mechanism to confer immunity during the host infestation. Read More

    Efficacy of Peer Education for Adopting Preventive Behaviors against Head Lice Infestation in Female Elementary School Students: A Randomised Controlled Trial.
    PLoS One 2017 10;12(1):e0169361. Epub 2017 Jan 10.
    Public Health Department, School of Health, Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.
    Background: Pediculosis is a common parasitic infestation in students worldwide, including Iran. This condition is more prevalent in populous and deprived communities with poor personal hygiene. This study sought to assess the efficacy of peer education for adopting preventive behaviors against pediculosis in female elementary school students based on the Health Belief Model (HBM). Read More

    An Assessment of Host Associations, Geographic Distributions, and Genetic Diversity of Avian Chewing Lice (Insecta: Phthiraptera) from Benin.
    J Parasitol 2017 Apr 7;103(2):152-160. Epub 2017 Jan 7.
    Department of Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843.
    Host associations of highly host-specific chewing lice (Insecta: Phthiraptera) across multiple avian species remains fairly undocumented in the West African country of Benin. Two hundred and seventeen bird specimens collected from multiple localities across Benin and housed at the Texas A&M University Biodiversity Research and Teaching Collections were examined for lice. Lice were identified and genetic data (mitochondrial COI and nuclear EF-1α genes) were obtained and phylogenetically analyzed. Read More

    Dietary Yeast Cell Wall Extract Alters the Proteome of the Skin Mucous Barrier in Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar): Increased Abundance and Expression of a Calreticulin-Like Protein.
    PLoS One 2017 3;12(1):e0169075. Epub 2017 Jan 3.
    Institute of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, United Kingdom.
    In order to improve fish health and reduce use of chemotherapeutants in aquaculture production, the immunomodulatory effect of various nutritional ingredients has been explored. In salmon, there is evidence that functional feeds can reduce the abundance of sea lice. This study aimed to determine if there were consistent changes in the skin mucus proteome that could serve as a biomarker for dietary yeast cell wall extract. Read More

    Town & Gown.
    NASN Sch Nurse 2017 Jan;32(1):14-18
    Adjunct Professor/Wellness Coordinator, University of Findlay, College of Health Professions, Findlay, OH.
    Innovative approaches for building "town and gown" relationships between practicing school nurses, community partners, and universities/colleges are presented through exemplars relating to research, education, policy, and practice. The exemplars demonstrate the critical factors of successful partnerships as validated by their outcomes. Read More

    Scratch that itch: revisiting links between self-directed behaviour and parasitological, social and environmental factors in a free-ranging primate.
    R Soc Open Sci 2016 Nov 2;3(11):160571. Epub 2016 Nov 2.
    Kyoto University Wildlife Research Center, Kyoto, Japan; Kyoto University Primate Research Institute, Inuyama, Japan.
    Different hypotheses explain variation in the occurrence of self-directed behaviour such as scratching and self-grooming: a parasite hypothesis linked with ectoparasite load, an environmental hypothesis linked with seasonal conditions and a social hypothesis linked with social factors. These hypotheses are not mutually exclusive but are often considered separately. Here, we revisited these hypotheses together in female Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata fuscata) of Kōjima islet, Japan. Read More

    Arrestant Effect of Human Scalp Components on Head Louse (Phthiraptera: Pediculidae) Behavior.
    J Med Entomol 2017 Mar;54(2):258-263
    Centro de investigaciones de plagas e insecticidas (CITEDEF-CONICET), Juan Bautista de Lasalle 4397 (B1603ALO), Villa Martelli, Buenos Aires, Argentina
    Relevant evidence has shown that parasites process host-related information using chemical, visual, tactile, or auditory cues. However, the cues that are involved in the host-parasite interaction between Pediculus humanus capitis (De Geer 1767) and humans have not been identified yet. In this work, we studied the effect of human scalp components on the behavior of adult head lice. Read More

    Evaluating the effect of synchronized sea lice treatments in Chile.
    Prev Vet Med 2017 Jan 22;136:1-10. Epub 2016 Nov 22.
    Centre for Veterinary Epidemiological Research, Department of Health Management, Atlantic Veterinary College, University of Prince Edward Island, Charlottetown, PE C1A 4P3, Canada.
    The sea louse is considered an important ectoparasite that affects farmed salmonids around the world. Sea lice control relies heavily on pharmacological treatments in several salmon-producing countries, including Chile. Among options for drug administration, immersion treatments represent the majority of antiparasitic control strategies used in Chile. Read More

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