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    A selection study on a laboratory-designed population of salmon lic (Lepeophtheirus salmonis) using organophosphate and pyrethroid pesticides.
    PLoS One 2017 22;12(5):e0178068. Epub 2017 May 22.
    Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Sea Lice Research Centre, Oslo, Norway.
    Resistance towards antiparasitic agents in the salmon louse (Lepeophtheirus salmonis) is a widespread problem along the Norwegian coast, reducing treatments efficacies and slowing down the envisioned expansion of Norwegian salmon production. The present study was conducted in order to assess the efficacies of two of the most widely used anti-parasitic substances-azamethiphos and deltamethrin-as well as assessing the benefit of having a resistant genotype compared to being fully sensitive when exposed to one of these substances. Atlantic salmon were exposed to a mix of salmon lice copepodids from a fully sensitive, a double resistant and a multi-resistant strain. Read More

    Ivermectin lipid-based nanocarriers as novel formulations against head lice.
    Parasitol Res 2017 May 18. Epub 2017 May 18.
    Centro de Investigaciones de Plagas e Insecticidas (CONICET- UNIDEF), Juan Bautista de La Salle 4397, B1603ALO, Villa Martelli, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
    The use of pyrethroids to control the human head louse, Pediculus humanus capitis De Geer (Anoplura: Pediculidae), has suffered considerable loss of efficacy due to the evolution of resistance. Thus, the development of efficiently insecticide delivery systems is imperative for the control of head lice. We studied the insecticidal activity of ivermectin-loaded lipid nanocapsules (IVM-LNC) against permethrin-resistant head lice from Argentina. Read More

    The many facets of motor learning and their relevance for Parkinson's disease.
    Clin Neurophysiol 2017 Apr 9;128(7):1127-1141. Epub 2017 Apr 9.
    Department of Physiology, Pharmacology & Neuroscience, CUNY School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA; The Fresco Institute for Parkinson's & Movement Disorders, NYU-Langone School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA. Electronic address:
    The final goal of motor learning, a complex process that includes both implicit and explicit (or declarative) components, is the optimization and automatization of motor skills. Motor learning involves different neural networks and neurotransmitters systems depending on the type of task and on the stage of learning. After the first phase of acquisition, a motor skill goes through consolidation (i. Read More

    Randomized, investigator-blinded, controlled clinical study with lice shampoo (Licener®) versus dimethicone (Jacutin® Pedicul Fluid) for the treatment of infestations with head lice.
    Parasitol Res 2017 May 9. Epub 2017 May 9.
    Clinic for Dermatology, Heinrich-Heine-University, Düsseldorf, Germany.
    The present clinical trial was conducted to obtain additional data for the safety and efficacy of a head lice shampoo that is free of silicone compared with an anti-head lice product containing dimethicone. Both products act by a physical mode of action. This randomized, investigator-blinded, controlled clinical study was conducted between July and November 2016 in households of two villages (Abou Rawash and Shandalat) in Egypt. Read More

    Behavioral antecedents for handwashing in a low-income urban setting in Bangladesh: an exploratory study.
    BMC Public Health 2017 May 5;17(1):392. Epub 2017 May 5.
    Social and Behavioral Interventions (SBI) Program, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA.
    Background: Health programs commonly promote handwashing by drawing attention to potential fecal contamination in the environment. The underlying assumption is that the thought of fecal contamination will result in disgust, and motivate people to wash their hands with soap. However, this has not proven sufficient to achieve high rates of handwashing with soap at key times. Read More

    Case report: a new method for treatment of permethrin - resistant head lice.
    Clin Case Rep 2017 May 17;5(5):601-604. Epub 2017 Mar 17.
    Department of PathobiologySchool of Veterinary MedicineShiraz University1731Shiraz71345Iran.
    Head lice (Pediculus humanus capitis) infestation is an important disease worldwide, especially in children under 11 years old. Permethrin is the most common insecticide for treatment of human pediculosis, but nowadays resistance to permethrin and other pyrethroids has caused many treatment failures. The second treatment of choice is malathion. Read More

    Simultaneous detection of chikungunya virus, dengue virus and human pathogenic Leptospira genomes using a multiplex TaqMan® assay.
    BMC Microbiol 2017 May 3;17(1):105. Epub 2017 May 3.
    Centre National Arbovirus Associé, CHU de la Réunion-Site Nord, Saint-Denis, Réunion, France.
    Background: In 2005-2006 a major epidemics of Chikungunya disease occurred in South-West Indian Ocean islands. In Reunion Island, the magnitude of Chikungunya infection related symptoms was high and with over 38% of serological prevalence in the population. This epidemics illustrated the potential threat of emerging arboviral diseases for inhabitants of Reunion Island and elsewhere since vectors are worldwide distributed. Read More

    'Snorkel' lice barrier technology reduced two co- occurring parasites, the salmon louse (Lepeophtheirus salmonis) and the amoebic gill disease causing agent (Neoparamoeba perurans), in commercial salmon sea-cages.
    Prev Vet Med 2017 May 10;140:97-105. Epub 2017 Mar 10.
    Institute of Marine Research, Matredal 5984, Norway.
    Diverse chemical-free parasite controls are gaining status in Atlantic salmon sea-cage farming. Yet, the intricacies of their use at commercial scale, including effects on co-occurring parasites, are seldom reported. A new salmon lice prevention method involves installing a deep net roof and 'snorkel' lice barrier in cages to shelter salmon from free-living infective larvae which concentrate at shallow depths, and allows salmon to jump and re- inflate their buoyancy-regulating swim bladder by swallowing air. Read More

    Effect of pyrethroid treatment against sea lice in salmon farming regarding consumers' health.
    Food Chem Toxicol 2017 Apr 27;105:347-354. Epub 2017 Apr 27.
    Department of Environmental Chemistry, Institute of Environmental Assessment and Water Research Studies (IDAEA), Spanish Council for Scientific Research (CSIC), Jordi Girona 18-26, 08034 Barcelona, Spain; Catalan Institute for Water Research (ICRA), H(2)O Building, Scientific and Technological Park of the University of Girona, Emili Grahit 101, 17003 Girona, Spain. Electronic address:
    Pyrethroids are the most popular drug against sea lice in salmon farming. Although they are more toxic to insects, they have toxic effects in mammals. Pyrethroids were detected in 100% of farmed salmon with a mean concentration of 1. Read More

    Cortical plasticity and levodopa-induced dyskinesias in Parkinson's disease: Connecting the dots in a multicomponent network.
    Clin Neurophysiol 2017 Jun 10;128(6):992-999. Epub 2017 Apr 10.
    Comprehensive Care Center for Movement Disorders, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Kerala, India. Electronic address:
    Levodopa-induced dyskinesias are motor complications following long term dopaminergic therapy in Parkinson's disease (PD). Impaired brain plasticity resulting in the creation of aberrant motor maps intended to encode normal voluntary movement is proposed to result in the development of dyskinesias. Traditionally, the various nodes in the motor network like the striato-cortical and the cerebello-thalamic loops were thought to function independent of each other with little communication among them. Read More

    Recognizing common parasitic infestations.
    JAAPA 2017 May;30(5):1-6
    Judy Truscott is program director and an assistant professor in the PA program at Chatham University in Pittsburgh, Pa. Alyssa Abebe is an assistant professor at Chatham University and practices at an HIV research clinic at the University of Pittsburgh. Kelly Donkers is academic coordinator and an assistant professor in the PA program at Chatham University. Daria Segers is a senior PA with the University of Pittsburgh Physicians. The authors have disclosed no potential conflicts of interest, financial or otherwise.
    Parasitic infestations commonly are seen in patients in primary care, urgent care, and EDs. These infestations are a common cause of pruritus and may lead to secondary infestations. This article reviews the signs and symptoms of pinworms, lice, bedbug, and scabies infestations, as well as diagnosis and appropriate treatment. Read More

    Novel polymeric micelles for insect pest control: encapsulation of essential oil monoterpenes inside a triblock copolymer shell for head lice control.
    PeerJ 2017 20;5:e3171. Epub 2017 Apr 20.
    Departamento de Química Física, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, España.
    Background: Essential oil components (EOCs) are molecules with interesting application in pest control, these have been evaluated against different insect pest from more than 100 years, but their practical use is rather limited. Thus, the enhancement of their bioavailability and manageability due to their dispersion in water can open new perspective for the preparation of formulations for the control of insect pest. In this work, we studied the encapsulation of different monoterpenes in a poloxamer shell in order to prepare aqueous formulations that can be used for the development of platforms used in pest control. Read More

    J Parasitol 2017 Apr 21. Epub 2017 Apr 21.
    * Auburn University Assistant Professor Fisheries Auburn University.
    Salmincola californiensis infected 25 of 31 (prevalence 0.8; intensity 2-35 [mean 6.6 ± standard deviation 7. Read More

    Primates, lice and bacteria: speciation and genome evolution in the symbionts of hominid lice.
    Mol Biol Evol 2017 Apr 14. Epub 2017 Apr 14.
    Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida.
    Insects with restricted diets rely on symbiotic bacteria to provide essential metabolites missing in their diet. The blood-sucking lice are obligate, host-specific parasites of mammals and are themselves host to symbiotic bacteria. In human lice, these bacterial symbionts supply the lice with B-vitamins. Read More

    Molecular Markers of Pesticide Resistance and Pathogens in Human Head Lice (Phthiraptera: Pediculidae) From Rural Georgia, USA.
    J Med Entomol 2017 Mar 2. Epub 2017 Mar 2.
    College of Science and Mathematics, Georgia Southern University, Statesboro, GA 30458
    Although the head louse, Pediculus humanus capitis De Geer, and body louse, Pediculus humanus humanus L., both have a worldwide distribution, the occurrence of head louse pediculosis appears to be more prevalent in modern societies despite systematic use of various pediculicides. This study tested head lice collected in rural Georgia and body lice collected in Russia for the prevalence of a kdr-biomarker that is associated with permethrin resistance. Read More

    First Detection of the Kdr Mutation T929I in Head Lice (Phthiraptera: Pediculidae) in Schoolchildren of the Metropolitan Area of Nuevo Leon and Yucatan, Mexico.
    J Med Entomol 2017 Mar 3. Epub 2017 Mar 3.
    Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Facultad de Ciencias Biológicas, San Nicolás de los Garza, N.L., 66451 México
    The head louse Pediculus humanus capitis (De Geer) is a hematophagous ectoparasite that inhabits the human scalp. Infestations by this insect are commonly known as pediculosis, which is more common in younger groups. These infestations are asymptomatic; however, skin irritation from scratching occasionally may cause secondary bacterial infections. Read More

    Evolution of virulence under intensive farming: salmon lice increase skin lesions and reduce host growth in salmon farms.
    J Evol Biol 2017 Apr 4. Epub 2017 Apr 4.
    Department of Biology, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.
    Parasites rely on resources from a host and are selected to achieve an optimal combination of transmission and virulence. Human-induced changes in parasite ecology, such as intensive farming of hosts, might not only favour increased parasite abundances, but also alter the selection acting on parasites and lead to life-history evolution. The trade-off between transmission and virulence could be affected by intensive farming practices such as high host density and the use of antiparasitic drugs, which might lead to increased virulence in some host-parasite systems. Read More

    Lice, rodents, and many hopes: a rare disease in a young refugee.
    Crit Care 2017 Apr 3;21(1):81. Epub 2017 Apr 3.
    Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Largo A. Gemelli, 8 00168, Rome, Italy.

    Bacterial arthropod-borne diseases in West Africa.
    Acta Trop 2017 Mar 30;171:124-137. Epub 2017 Mar 30.
    Aix-Marseille Université, URMITE, UM63, CNRS 7278, IRD 198, INSERM 1095, Marseille, France. Electronic address:
    Arthropods such as ticks, lice, fleas and mites are excellent vectors for many pathogenic agents including bacteria, protozoa and viruses to animals. Moreover, many of these pathogens can also be accidentally transmitted to humans throughout the world. Bacterial vector-borne diseases seem to be numerous and very important in human pathology, however, they are often ignored and are not well known. Read More

    Making the most of your host: the Metrosideros-feeding psyllids (Hemiptera, Psylloidea) of the Hawaiian Islands.
    Zookeys 2017 31(649):1-163. Epub 2017 Jan 31.
    Department of Life Sciences, Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London, UK, and University of British Columbia, Faculty of Science, University Boulevard, Vancouver, BC, Canada.
    The Hawaiian psyllids (Psylloidea, Triozidae) feeding on Metrosideros (Myrtaceae) constitute a remarkable radiation of more than 35 species. This monophyletic group has diversified on a single, highly polymorphic host plant species, Metrosideros polymorpha. Eleven Metrosideros-feeding species included in the Insects of Hawaii by Zimmerman are redescribed, and an additional 25 new species are described. Read More

    Factors influencing the long-term dynamics of larval sea lice density at east and west coast locations in Scotland.
    Dis Aquat Organ 2017 Mar;123(3):181-192
    Institute of Biological and Environmental Sciences, School of Biological Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Tillydrone Avenue, Aberdeen AB24 2TZ, UK.
    Sea lice (Copepoda: Caligidae) are marine copepods that parasitize finfish, and in cases of high infestation can result in severe epithelial damage and mortality. In Scotland, 2 species of sea louse, Lepeophtheirus salmonis and Caligus elongatus, pose a significant economic burden to the marine Atlantic salmon aquaculture industry and potentially impact wild salmonids. The purpose of this study was to determine how the density of pelagic sea lice is affected by external variables, in order to improve our understanding of sea lice dynamics. Read More

    Prevalence of ectoparasites in dogs of Shimoga, Karnataka.
    J Parasit Dis 2017 Mar 24;41(1):167-170. Epub 2016 Mar 24.
    Department of Veterinary Parasitology, Veterinary College, Vinoba Nagar, Shimoga, Karnataka 577 204 India.
    A study was carried out to ascertain the status of ecto-parasites infesting dogs of Shimoga region. A total of 120 dogs with the history of skin problems presented to the local hospitals and local pet clinics of Shimoga region were screened for different ecto-parasites. The ticks, fleas and lice were collected, processed and identified. Read More

    A note on the haematophagous nature of poultry shaft louse, Menopon gallinae (Amblycera: Phthiraptera).
    J Parasit Dis 2017 Mar 21;41(1):117-119. Epub 2016 Mar 21.
    Government P. G. College, Bilaspur, Rampur, U.P. India.
    An analysis of the crop contents of the poultry shaft louse, Menopon gallina indicates that 67 % of adult males and 72 % of the adult females examined carried red content compatible to host blood, along with feather barbules. The percentage of nymphal instars carrying red content in the crop was quite low. On the basis of crop contents the louse does not seem to harbor any triturating agent and is also not involved in cannibalism or predation. Read More

    There Is a Method to the Madness: Strategies to Study Host Complement Evasion by Lyme Disease and Relapsing Fever Spirochetes.
    Front Microbiol 2017 2;8:328. Epub 2017 Mar 2.
    Division of Infectious Disease, Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health Albany, NY, USA.
    Lyme disease and relapsing fever are caused by various Borrelia species. Lyme disease borreliae, the most common vector-borne pathogens in both the U.S. Read More

    Paternal Genome Elimination in Liposcelis Booklice (Insecta: Psocodea).
    Genetics 2017 Mar 14. Epub 2017 Mar 14.
    University of Victoria; Canadian Institute for Advanced Research
    How sex is determined in insects is diverse and dynamic, and includes male heterogamety, female heterogamety, and haplodiploidy. In many insect lineages, sex determination is either completely unknown or poorly studied. We studied sex determination in Psocodea, a species-rich order of insects that includes parasitic lice, barklice, and booklice. Read More

    168 million years old "marine lice" and the evolution of parasitism within isopods.
    BMC Evol Biol 2017 Mar 9;17(1):76. Epub 2017 Mar 9.
    Functional morphology group, Department of Biology II, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Großhaderner Strasse 2, 82152, Planegg-Martinsried, Germany.
    Background: Isopods (woodlice, slaters and their relatives) are common crustaceans and abundant in numerous habitats. They employ a variety of lifestyles including free-living scavengers and predators but also obligate parasites. This modern-day variability of lifestyles is not reflected in isopod fossils so far, mostly as the life habits of many fossil isopods are still unclear. Read More

    The efficacy of Australian essential oils for the treatment of head lice infestation in children: A randomised controlled trial.
    Australas J Dermatol 2017 Mar 7. Epub 2017 Mar 7.
    Ego Pharmaceuticals, Braeside, Victoria, Australia.
    Background: The increase in resistance of head lice to neurotoxic pediculicides and public concern over their safety has led to an increase in alternative treatments, many of which are poorly researched or even untested.

    Methods: A multicentre, randomised, assessor-blind, parallel-group trial (Trial 1) was conducted to compare the safety and efficacy of a head lice treatment containing Australian eucalyptus oil and Leptospermum petersonii (EO/LP solution; applied thrice with 7-day intervals between applications) with a neurotoxic treatment containing pyrethrins and piperonyl butoxide (P/PB mousse; applied twice with a 7-day interval) in children. A single-blind, open trial (Trial 2) was conducted to assess the efficacy of EO/LP solution following a single application. Read More

    Parasitism perturbs the mucosal microbiome of Atlantic Salmon.
    Sci Rep 2017 Mar 7;7:43465. Epub 2017 Mar 7.
    Universite Laval, Quebec, Canada.
    Interactions between parasite, host and host-associated microbiota are increasingly understood as important determinants of disease progression and morbidity. Salmon lice, including the parasitic copepod Lepeophtheirus salmonis and related species, are perhaps the most important problem facing Atlantic Salmon aquaculture after feed sustainability. Salmon lice parasitize the surface of the fish, feeding off mucus, scales and underlying tissue. Read More

    The jumping plant-lice of the Neotropical genus Tainarys (Hemiptera: Psylloidea) associated with Anacardiaceae.
    Zootaxa 2017 Feb 20;4232(4):zootaxa.4232.4.5. Epub 2017 Feb 20.
    Naturhistorisches Museum, Augustinergasse 2, CH-4001 Basel, Switzerland..
    The Neotropical psyllid genus Tainarys Brèthes, 1920 is revised to include 14 extant and one fossil species from Dominican amber. Eight species are described as new, viz. Tainarys aroeira sp. Read More

    A new species of the genus Amyrsidea (Phthiraptera: Amblycera: Menoponidae) parasitizing domestic chickens in Saudi Arabia.
    Zootaxa 2017 Mar 2;4238(2):zootaxa.4238.2.5. Epub 2017 Mar 2.
    Research Chair of Insect Vector Borne Diseases, Department of Plant Protection, College of Food and Agriculture Science, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia..
    Amyrsidea Ewing, 1927 is a genus of chewing lice comprising 52 species, divided into five subgenera: Amyrsidea sensu stricto, Argimenopon Eichler, 1947, Cracimenopon Carriker, 1954, Desumenopon Carriker, 1954 and Numidimenopon Scharf & Price, 1977 (see Price et al. 2003: 86), which parasitise a wide range of hosts belonging to the avian order Galliformes (see Price et al. 2003: 321). Read More

    The role of chewing lice (Phthiraptera: Philopteridae) as intermediate hosts in the transmission of Hymenolepis microps (Cestoda: Cyclophyllidea) from the willow ptarmigan Lagopus lagopus (Aves: Tetraonidae).
    J Helminthol 2017 Mar 6:1-7. Epub 2017 Mar 6.
    Department of Biology,University of Bergen,PO Box 7803,N-5006 Bergen,Norway.
    The cestode Hymenolepis microps is an intestinal parasite of tetraonid birds, including the willow ptarmigan (Lagopus lagopus). This parasite is able to maintain a high prevalence and intensity throughout the year, even in a subarctic environment in bird populations with relatively low host densities, indicating effective transmission routes. Willow ptarmigan consume mainly vegetal material and active consumption of invertebrates is confined to the first two or three weeks of life. Read More

    Molecular and serological evidence of flea-associated typhus group and spotted fever group rickettsial infections in Madagascar.
    Parasit Vectors 2017 Mar 4;10(1):125. Epub 2017 Mar 4.
    Institute of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK.
    Background: Rickettsiae are obligate intracellular bacteria responsible for many febrile syndromes around the world, including in sub-Saharan Africa. Vectors of these pathogens include ticks, lice, mites and fleas. In order to assess exposure to flea-associated Rickettsia species in Madagascar, human and small mammal samples from an urban and a rural area, and their associated fleas were tested. Read More

    Genotype Imputation To Improve the Cost-Efficiency of Genomic Selection in Farmed Atlantic Salmon.
    G3 (Bethesda) 2017 Apr 3;7(4):1377-1383. Epub 2017 Apr 3.
    The Roslin Institute and Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies, University of Edinburgh, Midlothian EH25 9RG, United Kingdom
    Genomic selection uses genome-wide marker information to predict breeding values for traits of economic interest, and is more accurate than pedigree-based methods. The development of high density SNP arrays for Atlantic salmon has enabled genomic selection in selective breeding programs, alongside high-resolution association mapping of the genetic basis of complex traits. However, in sibling testing schemes typical of salmon breeding programs, trait records are available on many thousands of fish with close relationships to the selection candidates. Read More

    Bartonella species pathogenic for humans infect pets, free-ranging wild mammals and their ectoparasites in the Caatinga biome, Northeastern Brazil: a serological and molecular study.
    Braz J Infect Dis 2017 Feb 27. Epub 2017 Feb 27.
    Universidade Federal do Vale do São Francisco (Univasf), Laboratório de Doenças Parasitárias Laboratory of Parasitic Diseases, Petrolina, PE, Brazil. Electronic address:
    This study verified the occurrence of Bartonella spp. in dogs, cats, wild mammals and their ectoparasites in Petrolina and Lagoa Grande Counties, Pernambuco, located in a semi-arid region in Northeastern Brazil. Anti-Bartonella spp. Read More

    Sea lice infestation levels decrease with deeper 'snorkel' barriers in Atlantic salmon sea-cages.
    Pest Manag Sci 2017 Mar 1. Epub 2017 Mar 1.
    Institute of Marine Research, Matredal, Norway.
    Background: Salmon lice (Lepeophtheirus salmonis) are the most important parasites of farmed salmon. Infective larvae position themselves in the upper part of the water column to increase encounter probabilities with potential hosts. Previous studies have shown that a 'snorkel' sea-cage technology protects salmon from infection in surface waters. Read More

    Preen oil and bird fitness: a critical review of the evidence.
    Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 2017 Feb 23. Epub 2017 Feb 23.
    Departamento de Zoología, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Granada, E-18071, Granada, Spain.
    The uropygial gland is a holocrine complex exclusive to birds that produces an oleaginous secretion (preen oil) whose function is still debated. Herein, I examine critically the evidence for the many hypotheses of potential functions of this gland. The main conclusion is that our understanding of this gland is still in its infancy. Read More

    Comparative cophylogenetics of Australian phabine pigeons and doves (Aves: Columbidae) and their feather lice (Insecta: Phthiraptera).
    Int J Parasitol 2017 May 10;47(6):347-356. Epub 2017 Feb 10.
    Illinois Natural History Survey, Prairie Research Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1816 S. Oak St., Champaign, IL 61820, USA.
    Host-parasite coevolutionary histories can differ among multiple groups of parasites associated with the same group of hosts. For example, parasitic wing and body lice (Insecta: Phthiraptera) of New World pigeons and doves (Aves: Columbidae) differ in their cophylogenetic patterns, with body lice exhibiting higher phylogenetic congruence with their hosts than wing lice. In this study, we focus on the wing and body lice of Australian phabine pigeons and doves to determine whether the patterns in New World pigeons and doves are consistent with those of pigeons and doves from other regions. Read More

    The Dynamics of the Defense Strategy of Pea Induced by Exogenous Nitric Oxide in Response to Aphid Infestation.
    Int J Mol Sci 2017 Feb 5;18(2). Epub 2017 Feb 5.
    Department of Plant Physiology, Poznań University of Life Sciences, Wołyńska 35, 60-637 Poznań, Poland.
    The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of exogenous nitric oxide (NO), i.e., S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO) and sodium nitroprusside (SNP), on the metabolic status of Pisum sativum L. Read More

    The mitochondrial genome of the guanaco louse, Microthoracius praelongiceps: insights into the ancestral mitochondrial karyotype of sucking lice (Anoplura, Insecta).
    Genome Biol Evol 2017 Feb 2. Epub 2017 Feb 2.
    GeneCology Research Centre, School of Science and Engineering, Faculty of Science, Health, Education and Engineering, University of the Sunshine Coast, Maroochydore, Queensland, Australia.

    Flammability testing of 22 conventional European pediculicides.
    Parasitol Res 2017 Apr 2;116(4):1189-1196. Epub 2017 Feb 2.
    Institute for Ecology, Evolution and Diversity, Goethe University, Max-von-Laue-Str. 13, D-60438, Frankfurt/Main, Germany.
    Lice have been parasitizing humans for at least 10,000 years. Since then, humans have tried to rid themselves of these unpleasant and potentially disease-carrying insects. Despite various plant extracts and chemical compounds being used to combat recurring infestations to this date, several lice populations have developed resistance to some of the abundantly used compounds. Read More

    The use of genomic information increases the accuracy of breeding value predictions for sea louse (Caligus rogercresseyi) resistance in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar).
    Genet Sel Evol 2017 01 31;49(1):15. Epub 2017 Jan 31.
    Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias y Pecuarias, Universidad de Chile, Av Santa Rosa 11735, La Pintana, Chile.
    Sea lice infestations caused by Caligus rogercresseyi are a main concern to the salmon farming industry due to associated economic losses. Resistance to this parasite was shown to have low to moderate genetic variation and its genetic architecture was suggested to be polygenic. The aim of this study was to compare accuracies of breeding value predictions obtained with pedigree-based best linear unbiased prediction (P-BLUP) methodology against different genomic prediction approaches: genomic BLUP (G-BLUP), Bayesian Lasso, and Bayes C. Read More

    Enhanced transcriptomic responses in the Pacific salmon louse Lepeophtheirus salmonis oncorhynchi to the non-native Atlantic Salmon Salmo salar suggests increased parasite fitness.
    BMC Genomics 2017 Jan 30;18(1):110. Epub 2017 Jan 30.
    Pacific Biological Station, Fisheries & Oceans Canada, Nanaimo, British Columbia, Canada.
    Background: Outcomes of infections with the salmon louse Lepeophtheirus salmonis vary considerably among its natural hosts (Salmo, Oncorhynchus spp.). Host-parasite interactions range from weak to strong host responses accompanied by high to low parasite abundances, respectively. Read More

    J Wildl Dis 2017 Apr 30;53(2):272-284. Epub 2017 Jan 30.
    1   Wildlife Conservation Society, Zoological Health Program, 2300 Southern Boulevard, Bronx, New York 10460, USA.
    We conducted health assessments on 113 free-ranging raccoons ( Procyon lotor ) in Central Park, New York City, US, in February 2010, September 2010, and November 2011 in conjunction with a trap-vaccinate-release program to control a raccoon rabies epizootic. Five individuals were sampled at two time points for 118 raccoon examinations in total. We tested 13 of 13 and 8 of 13 euthanized raccoons for rabies and canine distemper virus (CDV), respectively, by antigen testing on brain tissue; all were negative for both viruses. Read More

    Bartonellosis, One Health and all creatures great and small.
    Vet Dermatol 2017 Feb;28(1):96-e21
    Department of Clinical Sciences, The Comparative Medicine Institute, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University, 1060 William Moore Drive, Raleigh, NC, 27607, USA.
    Background: Bartonellosis is a zoonotic infectious disease of worldwide distribution, caused by an expanding number of recently discovered Bartonella spp.

    Objectives: This review serves as an update on comparative medical aspects of this disease, including the epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical diagnosis, treatment and challenges.

    Results: Of comparative medical importance, Bartonella spp. Read More

    Phylogenomics from Whole Genome Sequences Using aTRAM.
    Syst Biol 2017 Jan 25. Epub 2017 Jan 25.
    1. Illinois Natural History Survey, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana IL.
    Novel sequencing technologies are rapidly expanding the size of datasets that can be applied to phylogenetic studies. Currently the most commonly used phylogenomic approaches involve some form of genome reduction. While these approaches make assembling phylogenomic datasets more economical for organisms with large genomes, they reduce the genomic coverage and thereby the long-term utility of the data. Read More

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