1,239 results match your criteria Li-Fraumeni Syndrome


Modeling the prevalent germline R337H mutation in mouse.

Oncotarget 2019 Jan 18;10(6):631-632. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Cardiovascular Branch, DIR, NHLBI, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.26603DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6363012PMC
January 2019

[Li-Fraumeni syndrome].

Orv Hetil 2019 Feb;160(6):228-234

Sebészeti Klinika, Szegedi Tudományegyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar Szeged, Semmelweis u. 8., 6720.

Li-Fraumeni syndrome is a rare genetic disorder predisposing the individual to multiple different cancer types, caused by a germline mutation of the TP53 or CHEK2 genes inherited in an autosomal dominant manner. We hereby describe the case of a family with Li-Fraumeni syndrome. An asymptomatic 40-year-old female was diagnosed with primary lung leiomyosarcoma (T3N0), adenocarcinoma (T1aN0), and inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor, which were surgically removed without further treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1556/650.2019.31290DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Cost-effectiveness of early cancer surveillance for patients with Li-Fraumeni syndrome.

Pediatr Blood Cancer 2019 Feb 4:e27629. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Program in Personalized Health, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah.

Introduction: Patients with germline TP53 pathogenic variants (Li-Fraumeni syndrome [LFS]) are at extremely high lifetime risk of developing cancer. Recent data suggest that tumor surveillance for patients with LFS may improve survival through early cancer detection. The objective of this study was to assess the cost-effectiveness of a cancer surveillance strategy for patients with LFS compared with those whose tumors present clinically. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pbc.27629DOI Listing
February 2019

Hematologic malignancies and Li-Fraumeni syndrome.

Cold Spring Harb Mol Case Stud 2019 Feb 1;5(1). Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Department of Leukemia, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77005, USA.

Li-Fraumeni syndrome (LFS) is an autosomal dominant condition associated with a high risk of a broad range of childhood- and adult-onset cancers. LFS is related to germline mutations of the tumor-suppressor gene The most common reported leukemia associated with LFS is hypodiploid acute lymphoblastic leukemia, but myeloid malignancies including acute myeloid leukemia (AML), chronic myeloid leukemia, and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) are also reported, often in the setting of therapy-related disease. We reviewed the clinicopathologic characteristics including cytogenetics and molecular analysis for seven adult patients with LFS and hematologic malignancies evaluated at the Hereditary Hematologic Malignancy Clinic (HHMC) at MD Anderson Cancer Center. Read More

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http://molecularcasestudies.cshlp.org/lookup/doi/10.1101/mcs
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1101/mcs.a003210DOI Listing
February 2019
10 Reads

Li Fraumeni syndrome.

Cir Esp 2019 Jan 29. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Servicio de Cirugía General y Digestiva, Hospital Virgen de la Luz, Cuenca, España.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ciresp.2018.05.009DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Prevalence of germline mutations in the TP53 gene in patients with early-onset breast cancer in the Mexican population.

BMC Cancer 2019 Feb 1;19(1):118. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Instituto Nacional de Cancerología, San Fernando Avenue #22, Zip Code 14080, Tlalpan, Mexico City, Mexico.

Background: Heterozygous germline TP53 gene mutations result in Li-Fraumeni Syndrome (LFS). Breast cancer (BC) is the most frequent tumor in young women with LFS. An important issue related to BC in the Mexican population is the average age at diagnosis, which is approximately 11 years younger than that of patients in the United States (U. Read More

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https://bmccancer.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12885-
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12885-019-5312-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6359755PMC
February 2019
5 Reads

Modeling malignancies using induced pluripotent stem cells: from chronic myeloid leukemia to hereditary cancers.

Exp Hematol 2019 Jan 16. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

INSERM UMR-S 935 and ESTeam Paris Sud, Université Paris Sud, Villejuif, France; INGESTEM National iPSC Infrastructure, Villejuif, France.

Over the last decade, the possibility of reprogramming malignant cells to a pluripotent state has been achieved in several hematological malignancies, including myeloproliferative neoplasms, myelodysplastic syndromes, and chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). It has been shown that it is readily possible to generate induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) from several types of primary CML cells and to generate progenitors and differentiated cells with variable efficiency. Although these experiments have brought some new insights in the understanding of CML pathophysiology, the ultimate goal of generating induced leukemic stem cells (LSCs) with long-term multilineage potential has not yet been demonstrated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.exphem.2019.01.003DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Secondary osteosarcoma in patients previously treated for childhood cancer: Three case reports.

Mol Clin Oncol 2019 Jan 26;10(1):153-158. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka 545-8585, Japan.

The prognosis of childhood cancers has improved markedly, and the proportion of long-term survivors has increased in recent years. However, with the increase in the number of long-term survivors, the development of latent treatment-related adverse effects, such as secondary malignancies, has generated new problems. Secondary cancer is defined as a histologically distinct malignancy that develops at least 2 months after the completion of treatment for primary cancer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/mco.2018.1752DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6313944PMC
January 2019

Li-Fraumeni syndrome presenting as cutaneous melanoma in a child: case report and review of literature.

J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2019 Jan 17. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Department of Dermatology, College of Medicine, Korea University, Seoul, Korea.

Li-Fraumeni syndrome (LFS) is a rare, autosomal dominant inherited cancer predisposition syndrome associated with germline mutation of the TP53 tumor suppressor gene [1, 2]. It is traditionally characterized by early-onset of multiple primary tumors: sarcoma, breast cancer, brain tumor, leukemia, and adrenocortical carcinoma. [2] Classically, LFS is clinically diagnosed when a patient present with sarcoma diagnosed before age 45 years with a first-degree relative with any cancer before age 45 years and an additional first- or second-degree relative with any cancer before age 45 years or a sarcoma at any age. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/jdv.15430
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jdv.15430DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads
2.826 Impact Factor

Functional Repair Assay for the Diagnosis of Constitutional Mismatch Repair Deficiency From Non-Neoplastic Tissue.

J Clin Oncol 2019 Feb 4;37(6):461-470. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

1 University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Purpose: Constitutional mismatch repair deficiency (CMMRD) is a highly penetrant cancer predisposition syndrome caused by biallelic mutations in mismatch repair (MMR) genes. As several cancer syndromes are clinically similar, accurate diagnosis is critical to cancer screening and treatment. As genetic diagnosis is confounded by 15 or more pseudogenes and variants of uncertain significance, a robust diagnostic assay is urgently needed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1200/JCO.18.00474DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

TP53 germline mutation testing in early-onset breast cancer: findings from a nationwide cohort.

Fam Cancer 2019 Jan 3. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Department of Genetics, University Medical Center Utrecht, PO Box 85090, 3508 AB, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Early-onset breast cancer may be due to Li-Fraumeni Syndrome (LFS). Current national and international guidelines recommend that TP53 genetic testing should be considered for women with breast cancer diagnosed before the age of 31 years. However, large studies investigating TP53 mutation prevalence in this population are scarce. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10689-018-00118-0
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10689-018-00118-0DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads

Couples coping with screening burden and diagnostic uncertainty in Li-Fraumeni syndrome: Connection versus independence.

J Psychosoc Oncol 2018 Dec 28:1-16. Epub 2018 Dec 28.

a Clinical Genetics Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics , National Cancer Institute , Rockville , Maryland , USA.

Purpose: Li-Fraumeni Syndrome (LFS) is an inherited tumor predisposition syndrome with lifetime cancer risks approaching 100% and evolving risk-management strategies. This study evaluated couples' coping with LFS-related burdens.

Research Approach: Constructivist grounded theory and anticipatory loss frameworks guided design and analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07347332.2018.1543376DOI Listing
December 2018

Rare variant associated with Li-Fraumeni syndrome exhibits variable penetrance in a Saudi family.

NPJ Genom Med 2018 19;3:35. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

2Genomics Research Department, Saudi Human Genome Project, King Fahad Medical City and King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology, Riyadh, 11525 Saudi Arabia.

Li-Fraumeni syndrome (LFS) is an inherited, autosomal-dominant condition that predisposes individuals to a wide-spectrum of tumors at an early age. Approximately 70% of families with classic LFS have pathogenic variants in the tumor suppressor gene that disrupt protein function or stability. While more than 70% of pathogenic variants in are missense variants, the vast majority occur very infrequently, and thus their clinical significance is uncertain or conflicting. Read More

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http://www.nature.com/articles/s41525-018-0074-3
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41525-018-0074-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6300601PMC
December 2018
4 Reads

Current Approaches to Pancreatic Cancer Screening.

Am J Pathol 2019 Jan;189(1):22-35

Yale Center for Pancreatic Diseases, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut; Yale Center for Pancreatic Diseases, Department of Digestive Diseases, Yale School of Public Health, New Haven, Connecticut. Electronic address:

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) has a 5-year survival rate of only 8% and is estimated to be the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths by 2021. Prior convention held that screening for PDAC would not be beneficial; however, a deeper understanding of the carcinogenesis pathway supports a potential window of opportunity among the target population. Screening for PDAC is not a standard practice among the general population because of its low incidence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajpath.2018.09.013DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

New insights into the performance of multigene panel testing: Two novel nonsense variants in BRIP1 and TP53 in a young woman with breast cancer.

Cancer Genet 2018 Dec 23;228-229:1-4. Epub 2018 Jun 23.

Genetic Diagnostic Laboratory, Department of Clinical Analyses, Clinical University Hospital Virgen Arrixaca, Ctra Murcia-Cartagena s/n. El Palmar, 30120 Murcia, Spain.

Li-Fraumeni syndrome is an autosomal-dominant disorder caused by germline mutations in the tumour suppressor gene TP53. Here we report the case of a family whose index case was a woman diagnosed with bilateral breast cancer at the age of 18 and who had a non-informative result after BRCA1 and BRCA2 testing. After extending the study through multigene panel testing, two clinically relevant variants in the TP53 and BRIP1 genes, respectively, were found. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cancergen.2018.06.002DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Mutation screening of TP53, CHEK2 and BRCA genes in patients at high risk for hereditary breast and ovarian cancer (HBOC) in Brazil.

Breast Cancer 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Universidade Federal de São João del Rei (UFSJ), 400 Sebastião Gonçalves Coelho Ave., Chanadour, Divinópolis, MG, 35501-296, Brazil.

Background: Few studies related to hereditary breast and ovarian cancer syndrome (HBOC) have been conducted in Brazil, and they are restricted to only small areas of the country. Here, we report the mutation profile of BRCA1/2, CHEK2 and TP53 genes in a cohort from Minas Gerais state.

Methods: These genes from 44 patients at high risk for HBOC were screened through high-resolution melting and/or sequencing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12282-018-00938-zDOI Listing
December 2018

Updates on progress in cancer screening for children with hereditary cancer predisposition syndromes.

Authors:
Surya P Rednam

Curr Opin Pediatr 2019 Feb;31(1):41-47

Texas Children's Cancer Center, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, USA.

Purpose Of Review: A significant proportion of pediatric cancer occurs in children with hereditary cancer predisposition syndromes. Their survival may be significantly improved and/or late effects diminished through screening for their greatly elevated cancer risks. Here, an overview of new developments in the field of pediatric cancer surveillance is provided. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MOP.0000000000000709DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

[TP53 mutations and hematological malignancies].

Rinsho Ketsueki 2018;59(11):2468-2474

Department of Pediatrics, St. Luke's International Hospital.

TP53 is a tumor-suppressor gene, and it is the most commonly mutated somatic gene in human cancer. Germline TP53 mutations correlate with a hereditary predisposition to cancer. Comprehensive genetic analysis revealed the role of germline and somatic TP53 gene mutations in hematological malignancies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11406/rinketsu.59.2468DOI Listing
January 2018

Bayesian estimation of a semiparametric recurrent event model with applications to the penetrance estimation of multiple primary cancers in Li-Fraumeni syndrome.

Biostatistics 2018 Nov 14. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Department of Bioinformatics and Computational Biology, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Pressler St, TX, USA.

A common phenomenon in cancer syndromes is for an individual to have multiple primary cancers (MPC) at different sites during his/her lifetime. Patients with Li-Fraumeni syndrome (LFS), a rare pediatric cancer syndrome mainly caused by germline TP53 mutations, are known to have a higher probability of developing a second primary cancer than those with other cancer syndromes. In this context, it is desirable to model the development of MPC to enable better clinical management of LFS. Read More

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http://fdslive.oup.com/www.oup.com/pdf/production_in_progres
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/biostatistics/kxy066DOI Listing
November 2018
8 Reads

Low risk of invasive lobular carcinoma of the breast in carriers of BRCA1 (hereditary breast and ovarian cancer) and TP53 (Li-Fraumeni syndrome) germline mutations.

Breast J 2019 Jan 9;25(1):16-19. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Département de Médecine Oncologique, Gustave Roussy, Université Paris-Saclay, Villejuif, France.

Background: Invasive lobular carcinoma (ILC) of the breast has epidemiological, molecular and clinical specificities, and should likely be considered a unique entity. As for genetic susceptibility, CDH1 germline mutations predispose exclusively to ILC. Data are however scarce regarding ILC in women with BRCA1/2 (Hereditary Breast and Ovarian Cancer) and TP53 (Li-Fraumeni syndrome) germline mutations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/tbj.13154DOI Listing
January 2019
17 Reads

[Genetic predisposition to childhood cancer].

Pathologe 2018 Dec;39(Suppl 2):306-310

Institut für Humangenetik, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Carl-Neuberg-Straße 1, 30625, Hannover, Deutschland.

Tackling the topic of genetic predisposition to childhood cancer requires close co-operation between pathologists, pediatric oncologists, and human geneticists. It is not just about the precise diagnosis and the most effective treatment of the cancer, but also to prevent further cancerous diseases for those affected and also their family members. On the basis of examples such as Li-Fraumeni syndrome, constitutional mismatch repair deficiency (CMMRD), medullo- and neuroblastoma, as well as hematological neoplasias, we will discuss the criteria for tumor predisposition genetic syndromes, the relationship between somatic and germline variants, and the immediate clinical consequences. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00292-018-0542-7
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00292-018-0542-7DOI Listing
December 2018
11 Reads

Oncogenic role of SFRP2 in p53-mutant osteosarcoma development via autocrine and paracrine mechanism.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2018 11 1;115(47):E11128-E11137. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Department of Cell, Developmental and Regenerative Biology, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY 10029;

Osteosarcoma (OS), the most common primary bone tumor, is highly metastatic with high chemotherapeutic resistance and poor survival rates. Using induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) generated from Li-Fraumeni syndrome (LFS) patients, we investigate an oncogenic role of secreted frizzled-related protein 2 (SFRP2) in p53 mutation-associated OS development. Interestingly, we find that high SFRP2 expression in OS patient samples correlates with poor survival. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1814044115DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6255152PMC
November 2018
6 Reads

Translating genomic risk into an early detection strategy for sarcoma.

Genes Chromosomes Cancer 2019 02 29;58(2):130-136. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Cancer Division, Garvan Institute of Medical Research, Darlinghurst, New South Wales, Australia.

Sarcomas have a strong genetic etiology, and the study of families affected by sarcomas has informed much of what we now understand of modern cancer biology. The recent emergence of powerful genetic technologies has led to astonishing reductions in costs and increased throughput. In the clinic, these technologies are revealing a previously unappreciated and rich landscape of genetic cancer risk. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/gcc.22697DOI Listing
February 2019

Variable population prevalence estimates of germline TP53 variants: A gnomAD-based analysis.

Hum Mutat 2019 Jan 19;40(1):97-105. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Clinical Genetics Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, Maryland.

Reports of variable cancer penetrance in Li-Fraumeni syndrome (LFS) have raised questions regarding the prevalence of pathogenic germline TP53 variants. We previously reported higher-than-expected population prevalence estimates in sequencing databases composed of individuals unselected for cancer history. This study aimed to expand and further evaluate the prevalence of pathogenic and likely pathogenic germline TP53 variants in the gnomAD dataset (version r2. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/humu.23673
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/humu.23673DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6296902PMC
January 2019
12 Reads

Li-Fraumeni Syndrome.

Authors:
Wendy H Vogel

J Adv Pract Oncol 2017 Nov-Dec;8(7):742-746. Epub 2017 Nov 1.

Wellmont Cancer Institute, Kingsport, Tennessee.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6188099PMC
November 2017

[Diagnosis, surveillance, and management of familial leukemia].

Authors:
Hiroshi Moritake

Rinsho Ketsueki 2018;59(10):2290-2299

Division of Pediatrics, Department of Developmental and Urological-Reproductive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Miyazaki.

Recently, the modern technique of comprehensive genomic analysis has identified both somatic mutations originating from tumor cells and germline mutations as causative genes of inherited familial leukemias among which Fanconi anemia and Li-Fraumeni syndrome are well known. Pathogenic germline mutations occur in various pathways, affecting DNA repair, ribosome biogenesis, telomere biology, hematopoietic transcription factors, tumor suppressors, neutrophil development, and other critical cellular processes. The clinical manifestations of germline mutations present a wide phenotypic spectrum of patients displaying congenital anomalies, early-onset myelodysplastic syndrome, or no medical problems until the developing leukemia. Read More

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https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/rinketsu/59/10/59_2290/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.11406/rinketsu.59.2290DOI Listing
January 2018
4 Reads

Osteosarcoma in a Child Below 2 Years of Age: Case Report and Review of the Literature.

J Pediatr Hematol Oncol 2018 Oct 9. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

Paediatric Oncology, Royal Hobart Hospital, Tas, Hobart.

Background: Osteosarcoma in children below the age of 5 is extremely rare.

Observation: We report on a previously well 14-month-old male infant, who presented with a reluctance to weight-bear on his right leg and had an associated limp. Plain imaging and a magnetic resonance imaging scan demonstrated a lytic lesion in the right distal femur. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00043426-900000000-9774
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MPH.0000000000001315DOI Listing
October 2018
11 Reads

Boosting care and knowledge about hereditary cancer: European Reference Network on Genetic Tumour Risk Syndromes.

Fam Cancer 2018 Oct 9. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

Department of Human Genetics, Radboud University Medical Center, P.O. box 9101, 6500 HB, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

Approximately 27-36 million patients in Europe have one of the ~ 5.000-8.000 known rare diseases. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10689-018-0110-6
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10689-018-0110-6DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Probable hereditary familial overlap syndrome with multiple synchronous lung tumors.

Lung Cancer 2018 Oct 28;124:279-282. Epub 2018 Aug 28.

Thoracic Oncology Unit and Laboratory of Personalized Medicine, Instituto Nacional de Cancerología (INCan), México City, Mexico.

Here we report a case of a young, never-smoker Hispanic woman with a hereditary familial overlap syndrome (Li-Fraumeni plus CDH1). The patient developed multiple synchronous primary lung adenocarcinomas related to Intra-Alveolar Tumor Spread (STAS) several years after the diagnosis of a locally advanced lower limb osteosarcoma. Comprehensive genomic profiling by next generation sequencing (NGS) was performed on 90 cancer-related genes over each lung lesion (including two nodules of acinar adenocarcinoma, one lepidic spread tumor and in the STAS area). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lungcan.2018.08.022DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Earlier Colorectal Cancer Screening May Be Necessary In Patients With Li-Fraumeni Syndrome.

Gastroenterology 2019 01 19;156(1):273-274. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.gastro.2018.09.036DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6309491PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Current review of TP53 pathogenic germline variants in breast cancer patients outside Li-Fraumeni syndrome.

Hum Mutat 2018 Dec 3;39(12):1764-1773. Epub 2018 Oct 3.

QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute, Herston, Brisbane, Australia.

Pathogenic germline variants in TP53 predispose carriers to the multi-cancer Li-Fraumeni syndrome (LFS). Widespread multigene panel testing is identifying TP53 pathogenic variants in breast cancer patients outside the strict clinical criteria recommended for LFS testing. We aimed to assess frequency and clinical implications of TP53 pathogenic variants in breast cancer cohorts ascertained outside LFS. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/humu.23656
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/humu.23656DOI Listing
December 2018
13 Reads

A novel p.Gly187Arg TP53 variant appears to result in Li-Fraumeni syndrome.

Pediatr Hematol Oncol 2018 Apr 21;35(3):203-207. Epub 2018 Sep 21.

b School of Medicine , Renown Children's Hospital, University of Nevada, Reno , USA.

Li-Fraumeni syndrome is an autosomal dominant cancer syndrome characterized by pathogenic variants in the TP53 gene on chromosome 17. The most common cancers in Li-Fraumeni kindreds include sarcomas, breast cancer, brain tumors, and adrenocortical carcinoma. We report a 9-month-old male who was diagnosed with an adrenocortical tumor and later found to harbor a novel TP53 c. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08880018.2018.1502852DOI Listing
April 2018
1 Read

Genetic counselling of young women with breast cancer for Li-Fraumeni syndrome: a nationwide survey on the experiences and attitudes of genetics professionals.

Fam Cancer 2018 Sep 20. Epub 2018 Sep 20.

Department of Genetics, University Medical Center Utrecht, PO Box 85090, 3508 AB, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Germline TP53 mutations are associated with an increased risk of early-onset breast cancer. Traditionally, it was not standard practice to offer TP53 genetic testing due to the low mutation detection rate and limited options regarding preventive screening. Recent guidelines recommend that all women diagnosed with breast cancer before the age of 31, irrespective of family history, should be offered TP53 genetic testing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10689-018-0103-5DOI Listing
September 2018

Diagnosis of Li-Fraumeni Syndrome: Differentiating TP53 germline mutations from clonal hematopoiesis: Results of the observational AGO-TR1 trial.

Hum Mutat 2018 Dec 3;39(12):2040-2046. Epub 2018 Oct 3.

Center for Hereditary Breast and Ovarian Cancer, Center for Integrated Oncology (CIO), Medical Faculty, University Hospital Cologne, Cologne, Germany.

The Li-Fraumeni cancer predisposition syndrome (LFS1) presents with a variety of tumor types and the TP53 gene is covered by most diagnostic cancer gene panels. We demonstrate that deleterious TP53 variants identified in blood-derived DNA of 523 patients with ovarian cancer (AGO-TR1 trial) were not causal for the patients' ovarian cancer in three out of six TP53-positive cases. In three out of six patients, deleterious TP53 mutations were identified with low variant fractions in blood-derived DNA but not in the tumor of the patient seeking advice. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/humu.23653
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/humu.23653DOI Listing
December 2018
7 Reads

Pediatric Case of Li-Fraumeni Syndrome Complicated with Supratentorial Anaplastic Ependymoma.

World Neurosurg 2018 Dec 6;120:125-128. Epub 2018 Sep 6.

Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Brain and Neurosciences, Faculty of Medicine, Tottori University, Yonago, Tottori, Japan.

Background: Li-Fraumeni syndrome is a genetic disease that is caused by mutation of the tumor suppressor gene TP53. Patients with this syndrome may develop multiple malignant neoplasms including brain tumors. We herein report the first case of Li-Fraumeni syndrome in which development of supratentorial anaplastic ependymoma led to difficulty in terms of selecting the optimal postoperative therapeutic protocol. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750183198
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.08.203DOI Listing
December 2018
18 Reads

Families' and health care professionals' attitudes towards Li-Fraumeni syndrome testing in children: A systematic review.

Clin Genet 2019 Jan 10;95(1):140-150. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Hereditary Cancer Centre, Department of Oncology and Haematology, Prince of Wales Hospital, Randwick, New South Wales, Australia.

Li-Fraumeni syndrome (LFS) is a highly penetrant cancer predisposition syndrome caused by germline TP53 mutations. Genetic testing is not routinely offered in asymptomatic children at risk of the condition as the benefits are debatable and the attitudes of families and health care professionals (HCPs) may vary. This review assessed the attitudes of families and HCPs towards offering genetic testing to children for LFS, with a focus on perceived advantages and disadvantages and involvement of children in the decision-making process. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cge.13442DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

De Novo Mutations Activating Germline TP53 in an Inherited Bone-Marrow-Failure Syndrome.

Am J Hum Genet 2018 Sep 23;103(3):440-447. Epub 2018 Aug 23.

Department of Pediatrics, Hirosaki University Graduate School of Medicine, Hirosaki 036-8562, Japan. Electronic address:

Inherited bone-marrow-failure syndromes (IBMFSs) include heterogeneous genetic disorders characterized by bone-marrow failure, congenital anomalies, and an increased risk of malignancy. Many lines of evidence have suggested that p53 activation might be central to the pathogenesis of IBMFSs, including Diamond-Blackfan anemia (DBA) and dyskeratosis congenita (DC). However, the exact role of p53 activation in each clinical feature remains unknown. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajhg.2018.07.020DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6128301PMC
September 2018
14 Reads
10.931 Impact Factor

[Li-Fraumeni syndrome in a patient with multiple anaplastic oligodendrogliomas of the brain (a case report and literature review)].

Zh Vopr Neirokhir Im N N Burdenko 2018;82(4):87-96

Neurological Center of Latium, Rome, Italy; Department of Biomedicine, University of Rome Tor Vergata and NCL-Institute of Neurological Sciences, Rome, Italy.

Li-Fraumeni syndrome (LFS) is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous hereditary syndrome with predominantly oncological manifestations, which is associated with mutations in the TP53, MDM2, and CHEK2 genes. The most common variant is a TP53 mutation.

Objective: To analyze the literature and present a clinical case of a patient with Li-Fraumeni syndrome and multiple anaplastic oligodendrogliomas of the brain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/neiro201882487DOI Listing
January 2018
3 Reads

Lay Perspectives on Receiving Different Types of Genomic Secondary Findings: a Qualitative Vignette Study.

J Genet Couns 2018 Aug 15. Epub 2018 Aug 15.

Department of Social Research, University of Helsinki, Unioninkatu 37, P.O. Box 54, 00014, Helsinki, Finland.

Genome-wide sequencing may generate secondary findings (SFs). It is recommended that validated, clinically actionable SFs are reported back to patients/research participants. To explore publics' perspectives on the best ways to do this, we performed a vignette study among Finnish adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10897-018-0288-7DOI Listing
August 2018
3 Reads

Whole-body magnetic resonance imaging of Li-Fraumeni syndrome patients: observations from a two rounds screening of Brazilian patients.

Cancer Imaging 2018 Aug 14;18(1):27. Epub 2018 Aug 14.

Centro de Oncologia, Hospital Sírio-Libanês, São Paulo, Brazil.

Background: Li-Fraumeni syndrome (LFS) is an autosomal dominant disease that is associated with germline TP53 mutations and it predisposes affected individuals to a high risk of developing multiple tumors. In Brazil, LFS is characterized by a different pattern of TP53 variants, with the founder TP53 p.R337H mutation being predominant. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40644-018-0162-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6092833PMC
August 2018
3 Reads

Adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC): When and why should we consider germline testing?

Presse Med 2018 Jul - Aug;47(7-8 Pt 2):e119-e125. Epub 2018 Aug 10.

University of Michigan, Michigan Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Metabolism, Endocrinology and Diabetes, 500 S State St, Ann Arbor, 48109, MI, USA. Electronic address:

Adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC), particularly when occurring during childhood, has been a traditional component of the tumor spectrum of Li-Fraumeni syndrome. Recent research has defined a significant risk increase of ACC with other familial cancer syndromes, such as Lynch syndrome and multiple endocrine neoplasia. ACC patients can serve as index patients for a new family diagnosis of a hereditary syndrome, allowing for further family cascade genetic testing, impacting the care and surveillance for patients and at risk family members. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lpm.2018.07.004DOI Listing
September 2018
14 Reads

Additional germline findings from a tumor profiling program.

BMC Med Genomics 2018 Aug 9;11(1):65. Epub 2018 Aug 9.

Division of Medical Oncology and Hematology, Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, 610 University Ave, Toronto, ON, M5G 2M9, Canada.

Background: Matched tumor-normal sequencing, applied in precision cancer medicine, can identify unidentified germline Medically Actionable Variants (gMAVS) in cancer predisposition genes. We report patient preferences for the return of additional germline results, and describe various gMAV scenarios delivered through a clinical genetics service.

Methods: Tumor profiling was offered to 1960 advanced cancer patients, of which 1556 underwent tumor-normal sequencing with multigene hotspot panels containing 20 cancer predisposition genes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12920-018-0383-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6085686PMC
August 2018
12 Reads

Breast cancer patients suggestive of Li-Fraumeni syndrome: mutational spectrum, candidate genes, and unexplained heredity.

Breast Cancer Res 2018 08 7;20(1):87. Epub 2018 Aug 7.

Department of Human Genetics, Hannover Medical School, Carl-Neuberg-Strasse 1, 30625, Hannover, Germany.

Background: Breast cancer is the most prevalent tumor entity in Li-Fraumeni syndrome. Up to 80% of individuals with a Li-Fraumeni-like phenotype do not harbor detectable causative germline TP53 variants. Yet, no systematic panel analyses for a wide range of cancer predisposition genes have been conducted on cohorts of women with breast cancer fulfilling Li-Fraumeni(-like) clinical diagnostic criteria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13058-018-1011-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6081832PMC
August 2018
2 Reads

Dual diagnoses in 152 patients with Turner syndrome: Knowledge of the second condition may lead to modification of treatment and/or surveillance.

Am J Med Genet A 2018 Nov 6;176(11):2435-2445. Epub 2018 Aug 6.

Genetics Unit, MassGeneral Hospital for Children, Boston, Massachusetts.

Turner syndrome is a sex chromosome abnormality in which a female has a single X chromosome or structurally deficient second sex chromosome. The phenotypic spectrum is broad, and atypical features prompt discussion of whether the known features of Turner syndrome should be further expanded. With the advent of clinical whole exome sequencing, there has been increased realization that some patients with genetic disorders carry a second genetic disorder, leading us to hypothesize that a "dual diagnosis" may be more common than suspected for Turner syndrome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajmg.a.40470DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6289717PMC
November 2018
19 Reads

Imaging of cancer predisposition syndromes.

Pediatr Radiol 2018 08 4;48(9):1364-1375. Epub 2018 Aug 4.

Department of Diagnostic Imaging, The Hospital for Sick Children, Department of Medical Imaging, University of Toronto, 555 University Ave., Toronto, ON, M5G 1X8, Canada.

Pediatric cancer predisposition syndromes comprise a group of diseases characterized by specific tumors or a concomitance of tumors in infants, children and adolescents, suggesting a genetic cancer susceptibility condition. Most but not all have germline pathogenic variants on genetic testing. For some children with cancer predisposition syndromes, this diagnosis is based on their own or a family history of related neoplasms, or associated clinical manifestations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-018-4113-0DOI Listing
August 2018
1 Read

Identification and characterization of TP53 gene Allele Dropout in Li-Fraumeni syndrome and Oral cancer cohorts.

Sci Rep 2018 Aug 3;8(1):11705. Epub 2018 Aug 3.

Sarin Lab, Advanced Centre for Treatment Research and Education in Cancer-Tata Memorial Centre, Kharghar, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Allele Drop out (ADO) arising from non-amplification of one allele may produce false negative result and impact clinical management. In cancer, germline and somatic genetic analysis is being increasingly used but the prevalence, nature and implications of ADO has not been studied in any cohort. In a cohort of 290 Li Fraumeni/Li Fraumeni Like Syndrome cases undergoing TP53 genetic testing, of the 69 pathogenic mutations identified so far, 5 were initially missed and 4 were misgenotyped as homozygous mutation due to germline ADO. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-30238-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6076284PMC
August 2018
5.080 Impact Factor

Contribution of genotoxic anticancer treatments to the development of multiple primary tumours in the context of germline TP53 mutations.

Eur J Cancer 2018 Sep 30;101:254-262. Epub 2018 Jul 30.

Normandie Univ, UNIROUEN, Inserm U1245, Rouen University Hospital, Department of Genetics, Normandy Centre for Genomic and Personalized Medicine, Rouen, France.

Introduction: Li-Fraumeni syndrome (LFS), due to TP53 germline mutations, is characterised by a remarkably high incidence of multiple primary cancers (MPCs), and the key role of p53 in response to DNA damage questions the contribution of anticancer treatments to MPCs development.

Materials And Methods: We first evaluated genotoxicity of X-rays and different classes of conventional chemotherapies, thanks to genotoxicity assays, based on the measurement of transcriptional response to DNA damage and performed in murine splenocytes, either exposed ex vivo or extracted from exposed mice. We then exposed a total of 208 Trp53Δ/Δ, wt/Δ or wt/wt mice to clinical doses of X-rays or genotoxic or non-genotoxic chemotherapies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejca.2018.06.011DOI Listing
September 2018
5 Reads
5.420 Impact Factor