27,783 results match your criteria Les Cahiers da€™Ophtalmologie [Journal]


Clinical Significance of the Esophageal Outflow Resistance Imposed by a Nissen Fundoplication.

J Am Coll Surg 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Surgery, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA. Electronic address:

Background: Attention has been focused on the amplitude of esophageal body contraction to avoid persistent dysphagia after a Nissen fundoplication. The current recommended level is a contraction amplitude in the distal third of esophagus above the 5th percentile. We hypothesized that a more physiologic approach is to measure outflow resistance imposed by a fundoplication, which needs be overcome by the esophageal contraction amplitude. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2019.03.024DOI Listing

Evaluation of the environmental contamination in microbiology Which strategy to adopt?

Ann Biol Clin (Paris) 2019 Apr;77(2):225-228

Service de biologie clinique, Hôpital Foch, Suresnes, France.

The culture of micro-organisms exposes to the risk of microbiological contamination at all stages of the analysis: inoculation on culture media, incubation, and observation of cultures. During our accreditation renewal audit, a surveillance point was notified, regarding the lack of consideration of the risk of microbiological contamination. Its mastery mainly relies on cleaning/disinfection operations and their traceability. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1684/abc.2019.1424DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Immunoescape the link between emphysema and lung cancer?

J Thorac Dis 2019 Mar;11(Suppl 3):S329-S330

Institut d´Investigació Sanitària de les Illes Balears (IdISBa), Palma de Mallorca, Spain.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/jtd.2018.12.133DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6424755PMC

Mercury and methylmercury concentrations, sources and distribution in submarine canyon sediments (Capbreton, SW France): Implications for the net methylmercury production.

Sci Total Environ 2019 Apr 10;673:511-521. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

CNRS/ UNIV PAU & PAYS ADOUR/ E2S UPPA, Institut des Sciences Analytiques et de Physicochimie pour l'Environnement et les Matériaux - MIRA, UMR 5254, 64600 Anglet, France. Electronic address:

Submarine canyons are important stocks of commercial interest fish, whose consumption is one of the main monomethymercury (MeHg) exposure to humans. Currently, biogeochemistry of mercury in those biologically productive system is unknown. In this work, inorganic mercury (Hg(II)) and organic mercury (MeHg) distributions were measured in sedimentary accumulative zones (slopes and terraces) against adjacent continental shelf sediments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.04.111DOI Listing

[Menopausal hormone therapy. Effects on bone and body composition].

Rev Med Suisse 2019 Apr;15(647):836-839

Centre des maladies osseuses, Département de l'appareil locomoteur, CHUV, 1011 Lausanne.

Changes occurring at menopause can be mitigated by prescribing menopausal hormone replacement therapy (HRT). Recent publications from the CoLaus/OsteoLaus cohorts provide important insights into the effects of HRT and after its discontinuation on bone and body composition. HRT has a beneficial effect on bone mineral density, bone microarchitecture and fracture prevention. Read More

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April 2019
2 Reads

[How to manage the rebound effect at denosumab discontinuation and avoid multiple vertebral fractures?]

Rev Med Suisse 2019 Apr;15(647):831-835

Service des maladies osseuses, Département de médecine interne, HUG, 1211 Genève 14.

Denosumab discontinuation is associated with a severe rebound effect combining elevation of bone remodeling markers for two years and loss of the gained bone density. In the absence of a potent bisphosphonate prescription at denosumab discontinuation, multiple vertebral fractures are frequent. The median number of vertebral fractures is 5, within 7 to 20 months (median 11) after the last denosumab injection. Read More

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[Patients with imminent fracture risk : which consequences for their management ?]

Rev Med Suisse 2019 Apr;15(647):821-823

Centre des maladies osseuses, Département de l'appareil locomoteur, CHUV, 1011 Lausanne.

Irrespective of their age, patients with recent fragility fracture have an increased risk of recurrence : this is the imminent fracture risk of multiple origins. As well the vertebral than the non-vertebral fractures are equally predictive of an increased and early fracture risk. Therefore, a fragility fracture is a strong signal for the clinicians to introduce a treatment against osteoporosis. Read More

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[What can we do at the discovery of an osteroporotic vertebral fracture ?]

Rev Med Suisse 2019 Apr;15(647):815-820

Service de rhumatologie et Centre des maladies osseuses, Département de l'appareil locomoteur, CHUV, 1011 Lausanne.

Osteoporotic vertebral fractures (VF) are common and can induce acute and chronic pain, having a negative impact on quality of life and lifespan. One man and one women over five will have one or more osteoporotic VF after the age of 50. The screening of these fractures is important because they are predictive of subsequent fractures. Read More

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April 2019
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[Orthogeriatric care : what specificities ?]

Rev Med Suisse 2019 Apr;15(647):810-814

Service des maladies osseuses, Département de médecine, HUG, 1211 Genève 14.

Hip fracture in the elderly is associated with an increase in disability and mortality. Early intervention programs accelerate the recovery period and reduce mortality. The intervention of geriatricians, with direct responsibility during the acute phase, has demonstrated an optimal benefit, as well as joint management by a geriatrician and an orthopedist. Read More

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Molecular detection of Treponema pallidum subspecies pallidum in 150-year-old foetal remains, southeastern France.

J Med Microbiol 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

1 Aix-Marseille Univ, CNRS, EFS, ADES, Marseille, France.

Purpose: Syphilis, caused by Treponema pallidum subspecies pallidum, is considered as an old disease affecting humans; traces of such infections, including congenital syphilis, are potentially identifiable in archaeological samples. The aim of this research was to perform macroscopic and molecular investigations of T. pallidum on six infant remains, buried between 1837 and 1867, from the cemetery of 'Les Crottes' in Marseille city (southeastern France). Read More

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https://www.microbiologyresearch.org/content/journal/jmm/10.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1099/jmm.0.000978DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Chronic daily opioid exposure is associated with dysphagia, esophageal outflow obstruction, and disordered peristalsis.

Neurogastroenterol Motil 2019 Apr 17:e13601. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

Background: Opioid receptors are present in the esophagus, and chronic opioid therapy may be associated with esophageal dysfunction. Given the current opioid epidemic in the United States, the potential contribution of opioids to esophageal dysmotility is important from both public health and patient care perspectives. Therefore our aim is to investigate the potential contribution of opioids to dysphagia and the prevalence of major motor disorders in patients undergoing manometric evaluation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/nmo.13601DOI Listing

Children's Emotional Self-Regulation in the Context of Adversity and the Association with Academic Functioning.

Child Psychiatry Hum Dev 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Université Laval, Pavillon Ferdinand-Vandry, 1050, avenue de la Médecine, Local 4293, Quebec, Canada.

The aims of this study were to study reciprocal interactions between emotion regulation skills, association of these skills with children's school functioning and how these underlying skills develop in children in the context of adversity. 48 children (mean age = 5 years 8.2 months) were divided into an adversity risk group and a low-risk group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10578-019-00888-3DOI Listing

Learning from a clinical cohort for HCV vaccine development.

J Hepatol 2019 Apr 13. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

Inserm, U1110, Institut de Recherche sur les Maladies Virales et Hépatiques, 67000 Strasbourg, France; Université de Strasbourg, 67000 Strasbourg, France; Institut Hospitalo-Universitaire, Pôle Hépato-digestif, Hôpitaux Universitaires de Strasbourg, 67000 Strasbourg, France; Institut Universitaire de France, 75231 Paris, France. Electronic address:

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01688278193022
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhep.2019.03.030DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Response to « The evaluation of cGAS-STING pathway expression in vivo ».

Hepatology 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Université de Strasbourg, Inserm Institut de Recherche sur les Maladies Virales et Hépatiques UMRS 1110, F-67000, Strasbourg, France.

We would like to thank Dr. Zhang for the comment on our article « Hepatitis B Virus Evasion From Cyclic Guanosine Monophosphate-Adenosine Monophosphate Synthase Sensing in Human Hepatocytes » (1).First, we would like to address the question regarding the role of the immune system in the human liver chimeric mouse model. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/hep.30663
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hep.30663DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

High flow nasal cannula: Influence of gas type and flow rate on airway pressure and CO clearance in adult nasal airway replicas.

Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) 2019 Apr 6;65:73-80. Epub 2019 Apr 6.

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada. Electronic address:

Background: High flow nasal cannula therapy is a form of respiratory support which delivers high flow rates of heated, humidified gas to the nares via specialized cannula. Two primary mechanisms of action attributed to the therapy are the provision of positive airway pressure as well as clearance of CO-rich exhaled gas from the upper airways.

Methods: Physiologically accurate nose-throat airway replicas were connected at the trachea to a lung simulator, where CO was supplied to mimic the CO content in exhaled gas. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2019.04.004DOI Listing

Unilateral Knee and Ankle Joint Fatigue Induce Similar Impairment to Bipedal Balance in Judo Athletes.

J Hum Kinet 2019 Mar 27;66:7-18. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, Newfoundland, Canada, A1M 3L8.

The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of unilateral ankle fatigue versus the knee muscles with and without vision on bipedal postural control. Elite judo athletes who competed at the national level with at least 10 years of training experience, were randomised into KNEE (n = 10; 20 ± 2 years) and ANKLE (n = 9; 20 ± 3 years) groups, who performed dynamic isokinetic fatiguing contractions (force decreased to 50% of initial peak torque for three consecutive movements) of the knee flexors and extensors or ankle dorsiflexors and plantar flexors, respectively. Static bipedal postural control (French Posturology Association normative standards) with eyes open and eyes closed was examined before and immediately after the fatiguing task. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/hukin-2018-0063DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6458584PMC

Childhood asthma in low and middle-income countries: Where are we now?

Paediatr Respir Rev 2018 Oct 11. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

Dept Pediatrics & Child Health, Red Cross Children's Hospital and SA-MRC Unit on Child and Adolescent Health, University of Cape Town, South Africa. Electronic address:

Pediatric asthma has been increasing in LMICs (Low Middle-Income Countries), leading to an important burden for both children and national health systems. Implementing measures to achieve control are influenced by the degree of organization health systems have, the availability and affordability of essential asthma medications, and the effective implementation of asthma programs and asthma guidelines. In this review authors give an updated view of the current situation of these components of asthma management in LMICs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.prrv.2018.10.002DOI Listing
October 2018

Clinical spectrum, evolution and management of autoimmune cytopenias associated with angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma.

Eur J Haematol 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Service de médecine interne, Hôpital Henri-Mondor, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP), Université Paris-Est, Créteil, France.

Objective: Angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL) are frequently associated with autoimmune cytopenia (AIC). Whether such patients have a particular phenotype and require particular management is unclear.

Method: AITL patients from the multicentric database of the Lymphoma Study Association presenting with AIC during disease course were included and matched to AITL patients without AIC (1/5 ratio). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ejh.13239DOI Listing

Phenotypes in Gambling Disorder Using Sociodemographic and Clinical Clustering Analysis: An Unidentified New Subtype?

Front Psychiatry 2019 29;10:173. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital of Bellvitge-IDIBELL, Barcelona, Spain.

Gambling disorder (GD) is a heterogeneous disorder which has clinical manifestations that vary according to variables in each individual. Considering the importance of the application of specific therapeutic interventions, it is essential to obtain clinical classifications based on differentiated phenotypes for patients diagnosed with GD. To identify gambling profiles in a large clinical sample of = 2,570 patients seeking treatment for GD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00173DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6450083PMC

[Diuretic therapy].

Rev Prat 2019 Jan;69(1):e19-e27

Service de pharmacologie, unité de pharmacologie clinique, CHU-Hôpitaux de Rouen, UMR Inserm 1096, université de Rouen-Normandie, 76000 Rouen, France.

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January 2019

[Ethical considerations in the evolution of organised cancer screening programs].

Rev Prat 2019 Jan;69(1):107-109

Normandie université, UNICAEN, Inserm U1086, ANTICIPE, Caen, France.

Ethical considerations in the evolution of organised cancer screening programs Since 2009, the French National Cancer Institute has set up a working group on the ethics of screening programs for breast, colon and cervical cancer. Collective and individual interest, equity and respect for autonomy are the values addressed in the respective reports. Ethical analysis has highlighted issues that are specific to each programme: the importance of the information provided by health professionals in a context of uncertainty for breast cancer screening; health professionals as a relay of information, access to test and support in the colorectal cancer screening process and, for cervical cancer screening, the implementation of an organisation adapted to women populations concerned. Read More

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January 2019
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[French national cancer screening programs: What does the future hold?]

Rev Prat 2019 Jan;69(1):102-106

Institut national du cancer, Boulogne-Billancourt, France.

French national cancer screening programs : what does the future hold? Three organized screening programs are in place or being rolled out in France for breast, colorectal and cervical cancers. Short or medium-term developments aim at facilitating the integration of technological or organizational innovations and at meeting the quality and safety requirements of the screening procedure. However, the stakes differ between the different programs. Read More

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January 2019
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[The « syndrome de glissement »].

Authors:
Thomas Desmidt

Rev Prat 2019 Jan;69(1):80-82

CHRU de Tours, Tours, France ; Inserm U1253 (iBrain) Imagerie et Cerveau, Tours, France.

The "syndrome de glissement" The "syndrome de glissement » is a controversial notion that is still used by some French geriatricians, although it does not belong to any international disease classification and has very few evidence-based data. Some authors found clinical relevance to this notion, whereas others believe its use is potentially associated with certain risks. The clinical practice and the few available evidence related to syndrome de glissement" tend to suggest that this syndrome usually belong to other disorders including apathy, depression and delusional disorder. Read More

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January 2019
1 Read

[Carbon monoxide poisoning].

Rev Prat 2019 Jan;69(1):75-79

Centre de réanimation, hôpital Salengro, Lille, France.

Carbon monoxide poisoning. Carbon monoxide poisoning is a frequent and serious intoxication with an important pre-hospital mortality. The diagnosis is made by the association of a context and compatible neurological and cardiac clinical signs. Read More

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January 2019
1 Read

[Spontaneous pneumomediastinum].

Rev Prat 2019 Jan;69(1):66

Département de radiologie, Hôpital français de Hanoi, Vietnam.

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January 2019

[Papillary carcinoma on an ectopic lingual thyroid].

Rev Prat 2019 Jan;69(1):65

Service de médecine nucléaire, CHU Ibn Sina de Rabat, Faculté de médecine et de pharmacie, Université Mohammed V, Rabat, Maroc.

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January 2019

[Dissecting cellulitis of the scalp].

Rev Prat 2019 Jan;69(1):63

Service de dermatologie, CHU Mohamed VI d'Oujda, université Mohammed Premier, Oujda, Maroc. Laboratoire d'épidémiologie de recherche scientifique et de recherche clinique, Oujda, Maroc.

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January 2019

[Psychiatry, psychology and the medical approach of diseases].

Rev Prat 2019 Jan;69(1):21-22

Service d'explorations fonctionnelles du système nerveux, clinique du sommeil, CHU de Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France. USR CNRS 3413 SANPSY, CHU Pellegrin, université de Bordeaux, France.

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January 2019
1 Read

[Adult asthma: good and bad use of inhaled corticosteroids].

Rev Prat 2019 Jan;69(1):13-16

Assistance publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, hôpital Bichat, service de pneumologie et centre de référence constitutif des maladies pulmonaires rares ; département hospitalouniversitaire FIRE ; université Paris-Diderot ; Inserm UMR 1152 ; LabEx Inflamex, Paris, France.

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January 2019
1 Read

[Motivational interview].

Rev Prat 2019 Mar;69(3):e81-e82

UFR sciences pharmaceutiques, 37200 Tours, France.

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[Tobacco addiction].

Rev Prat 2019 Mar;69(3):e75-e80

UFR sciences pharmaceutiques, 37200 Tours, France.

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March 2019
1 Read

[Zoonoses infectieuses : les messages clés].

Authors:
Barbara Dufour

Rev Prat 2019 Mar;69(3):341

Professeur de maladies réglementées, zoonoses et épidémiologie Unité pédagogique Maladies réglementées, zoonoses et épidémiologie, École vétérinaire d'Alfort, Maisons-Alfort, France.

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March 2019
1 Read

[Livestock-related zoonoses].

Rev Prat 2019 Mar;69(3):328-332

Vétérinaire praticien, Savigny-sur-Braye, France. Commission épidémiologie, Société nationale des groupements techniques vétérinaires, Paris, France.

Livestock-related zoonoses. Livestock-related zoonoses are numerous but their severity and frequency in humans are very different. The most frequent aetiological agents in France, not considering food-borne contamination, can be classi- fied based on the exposure conditions for humans: contaminated aerosols, oral contamination or by contact. Read More

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March 2019
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[Management of an c or scratch].

Rev Prat 2019 Mar;69(3):324-327

Aix-Marseille Université, IRD, AP-HM, MEPHI, IHU-Méditerranée Infection, Marseille, France.

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March 2019
1 Read

[Immune thrombocytopenic purpura].

Rev Prat 2019 Mar;69(3):290

Service d'odontologie, Groupe hospitalier La Pitié-Salpêtrière, Paris, France.

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[Humerus fracture after an arm wrestling].

Rev Prat 2019 Mar;69(3):235

Centre médical des armées de Toulon, antenne médicale de Saint-Mandrier, Toulon, France.

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March 2019
1 Read

[Chronic rhinosinusitis and cystic fibrosis in adult].

Rev Prat 2019 Mar;69(3):279-280

Service d'ORL et de chirurgie cervicofaciale, hôpital Huriez, CHU de Lille, Lille, France.

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March 2019
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[Incidence, mortality and prevalence of cancers in metropolitan France].

Rev Prat 2019 Mar;69(3):261-266

Département Observation, veille et évaluation, Pôle santé publique et soins, Institut national du cancer, Boulogne-Billancourt, France.

Incidence, mortality and prevalence of cancers in metropolitan France. About 400,000 new people are diagnosed with cancer every year in metropolitan France, including 53.5% men and 46. Read More

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[We must retain the right to give birth anonymously!]

Rev Prat 2019 Mar;69(3):247-250

Pédiatre-réanimateur, hôpital Antoine Béclère, Clamart, France.

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March 2019
1 Read

[To know the risk factors, prevention, screening for mental disorders from the child to the elderly].

Rev Prat 2019 Feb;69(2):e65-e68

Consultation de psychopathologie de l'enfant et de l'adolescent, CHU Amiens-Picardie, 80000 Amiens Sud, France.

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February 2019
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[Syndrome de l'intestin irritable : de la comorbidité anxiodépressive au microbiote].

Authors:
Guillaume Fond

Rev Prat 2019 Feb;69(2):219-220

Université Aix- Marseille, faculté de médecine, secteur La Timone, EA 3279 : CEReSS (Centre d'étude et de recherche sur les services de santé et la qualité de vie), Marseille, France.

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February 2019
1 Read

[Child photophobia].

Rev Prat 2019 Feb;69(2):183-187

Service d'exploration de la vision et de neuro-ophtalmologie, hôpital Roger- Salengro, CHRU de Lille, Lille, France.

Child photophobia. Photophobia is abnormal intolerance of light. It is a commonest complaint and a reason for ophthalmological assessment in adults. Read More

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February 2019
1 Read

[Alcoholic disease in women, what specificities?]

Rev Prat 2019 Feb;69(2):179-182

Service d'addictologie, centre hospitalier Sainte-Anne, université Paris-Descartes, Paris, France.

Alcoholic disease in women, what specificities? Alcoholic disease in women has long been neglected. Taboo, culturally, it has also probably been so in the field of research and on clinical practice. But this has changed since the recent publication of some very relevant studies that attracted particular attention from a part of the public opinion who came in support of professionals alarmed by the inaction on this subject. Read More

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February 2019

[Leishmaniose].

Rev Prat 2019 Feb;69(2):178

60e antenne médicale, Valdahon, France.

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February 2019

[Phytophotodermatitis].

Rev Prat 2019 Feb;69(2):177

Service médical de la force d'action navale, BCRM Toulon, Toulon, France.

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February 2019

[Claude-Bernard-Horner syndrome].

Rev Prat 2019 Feb;69(2):176

Services des urgences et SMUR, hôpital Jean Bernard, Valenciennes, France.

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February 2019
3 Reads

[Hairy cell leukemia].

Rev Prat 2019 Feb;69(2):175

Clinique médicale, hôpital Bégin, Saint-Mandé, France.

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February 2019

[Epidemiology of importedmalaria to France].

Rev Prat 2019 Feb;69(2):150-152

AP-HP, Centre national de référence du paludisme, hôpital Bichat-Claude- Bernard, Paris, France.

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February 2019
3 Reads