13,907 results match your criteria Lead Nephropathy


Genetic and pharmacological inhibition of fatty acid-binding protein 4 alleviated inflammation and early fibrosis after toxin induced kidney injury.

Int Immunopharmacol 2021 May 12;96:107760. Epub 2021 May 12.

Kidney Research Institute, Division of Nephrology, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China.

Considerable data have suggested that acute kidney injury (AKI) is often incompletely repaired and could lead to chronic kidney disease (CKD). As we known, toxin-induced nephropathy triggers the rapid production of proinflammatory mediators and the prolonged inflammation allows the injured kidneys to develop interstitial fibrosis. In our previous study, fatty acid-binding protein 4 (Fabp4) has been reported to be involved in the process of AKI. Read More

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Diabetes coexistent with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease presenting as a recurrent foot ulcer misdiagnosed as diabetic foot: a case report.

J Diabetes Investig 2021 May 15. Epub 2021 May 15.

Innovation Center for Wound Repair, Diabetic Foot Care Center, Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, P. R. China.

Both diabetes mellitus (DM) and Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) can lead to severe peripheral neuropathy. The differential diagnosis of peripheral neuropathy is difficult due to the similar clinical features. There are still some clues, such as unusual muscle atrophy, unmatched severity of peripheral neurogenic damage with nephropathy or retinopathy, which could alert clinicians to make differential diagnosis. Read More

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Characteristics of the intestinal microbiome in ankylosing spondylitis.

Exp Ther Med 2021 Jul 24;22(1):676. Epub 2021 Apr 24.

Department of Rheumatology and Physiotherapy, Grigore T Popa University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, 700115 Iasi, Romania.

The importance of intestinal microbiota in the development of various systemic diseases has been highlighted over time. Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a systemic disease with a complex pathogenesis involving a particular genetic marker and distinctive environmental triggers such as a specific gut dysbiosis. We conducted a prospective case-control study which included 60 subjects from Iasi Rehabilitation Hospital: 28 AS cases and 32 healthy controls. Read More

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The relationship between chronic diseases and depression in middle-aged and older adults: A 4-year follow-up study from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study.

J Affect Disord 2021 Apr 24;289:160-166. Epub 2021 Apr 24.

Stress Research Institute, Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address:

Background: Evidence of the association between common chronic diseases and depression is sparse.

Methods: Totally 7819 participants aged 45+ without depression at baseline were followed-up (2011-2015) to detect incident depression. Chronic diseases and depression were defined by self-reported diagnosis and the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D10), respectively. Read More

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Cellular senescence and the senescence-associated secretory phenotype: Potential therapeutic targets for renal fibrosis.

Exp Gerontol 2021 May 10:111403. Epub 2021 May 10.

School of Medicine, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, China; Department of Nephrology, State Key Laboratory of Kidney Diseases, National Clinical Research Center for Kidney Diseases, Chinese PLA Institute of Nephrology, Beijing Key Laboratory of Kidney Diseases, First Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing 100853, China. Electronic address:

Renal fibrosis plays a crucial role in the progression of chronic kidney disease and end-stage renal disease. However, because the aetiology of this pathological process is complex and remains unclear, there is still no effective treatment. Cellular senescence and the senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP) have been reported to lead to renal fibrosis. Read More

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Clinical impact of sexual dimorphism in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH).

Liver Int 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Gastroenterology Unit, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Policlinico di Modena, Largo del Pozzo, 71, 41125, Modena, Italy.

NAFLD/NASH is a sex dimorphic disease, with a general higher prevalence in men. Women are at reduced risk of NAFLD compared to men in fertile age, whereas after menopause women have a comparable prevalence of NAFLD as men. Indeed, sexual category, sex hormones and gender habits interact with numerous NAFLD factors including cytokines, stress, and environmental factors and alter the risk profiles and phenotypes of NAFLD. Read More

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Role of Chromodomain-Helicase-DNA-Binding Protein 4 (CHD4) in Breast Cancer.

Front Oncol 2021 26;11:633233. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Institute of Rare Diseases Research, Instituto de Salud Carlos III (ISCIII), Madrid, Spain.

Chromodomain-helicase-DNA-binding protein 4 (CHD4) is an epigenetic regulator identified as an oncogenic element that may provide a novel therapeutic target for the treatment of breast cancer (BC). CHD4-the core component of the nucleosome remodeling and deacetylase (NuRD) complex-may be mutated in patients with this disease. However, information on mutants that might allow their use as biomarkers of therapeutic success and prognosis is lacking. Read More

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Slit diaphragm maintenance requires dynamic clathrin-mediated endocytosis facilitated by AP-2, Lap, Aux and Hsc70-4 in nephrocytes.

Cell Biosci 2021 May 11;11(1):83. Epub 2021 May 11.

Center for Precision Disease Modeling, Department of Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, 670 West Baltimore Street, Baltimore, MD, 21201, USA.

Background: The Slit diaphragm (SD) is the key filtration structure in human glomerular kidney that is affected in many types of renal diseases. SD proteins are known to undergo endocytosis and recycling to maintain the integrity of the filtration structure. However, the key components of this pathway remain unclear. Read More

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Presumed cytomegalovirus retinitis late after kidney transplant.

J Bras Nefrol 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.

Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Hospital do Rim, Departamento de Nefrologia, São Paulo, SP, Brasil.

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis is a rare manifestation of CMV invasive disease and potentially threatening to vision in immunocompromised individuals. Clinical suspicion is fundamental since it is an unusual entity with a progressive and often asymptomatic installation over a long period. The authors report a 70-year-old man with diabetic nephropathy who underwent a kidney transplant (KT) in August 2014 with good clinical evolution. Read More

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Levels of angiotensin-converting enzyme 1 and 2 in serum and urine of children with Sickle Cell Disease.

J Bras Nefrol 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.

Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Escola Paulista de Medicina, Departamento de Pediatria, Disciplina de Hematologia, São Paulo, SP, Brasil.

Introduction: Sickle cell nephropathy begins in childhood and presents early increases in glomerular filtration, which, over the long term, can lead to chronic renal failure. Several diseases have increased circulating and urinary angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) activity, but there is little information about changes in ACEs activity in children with sickle cell disease (SCD).

Objective: We examined circulating and urinary ACE 1 activity in children with SCD. Read More

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New insights into the role of endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation in Bartter Syndrome Type 1.

Hum Mutat 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Centre de Recherche des Cordeliers, Sorbonne Université, Inserm, Université de Paris, F-75006, Paris, France.

Mutations in Na-K-2Cl co-transporter, NKCC2, lead to type I Bartter syndrome (BS1), a life-threatening kidney disease. Yet, our knowledge of the molecular regulation of NKCC2 mutants remains poor. Here, we aimed to identify the molecular pathogenic mechanisms of one novel and three previously reported missense NKCC2 mutations. Read More

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Innate Immunity in Diabetic Wound Healing: Focus on the Mastermind Hidden in Chronic Inflammatory.

Front Pharmacol 2021 21;12:653940. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Faculty of Chinese Medicine, Macau University of Science and Technology, Avenida Wai Long, Taipa, China.

A growing body of evidence suggests that the interaction between immune and metabolic responses is essential for maintaining tissue and organ homeostasis. These interacting disorders contribute to the development of chronic diseases associated with immune-aging such as diabetes, obesity, atherosclerosis, and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. In Diabetic wound (DW), innate immune cells respond to the Pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMAs) and/or Damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs), changes from resting to an active phenotype, and play an important role in the triggering and maintenance of inflammation. Read More

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Rhabdomyolysis Following Recovery from Severe COVID-19: A Case Report.

Am J Case Rep 2021 May 8;22:e931616. Epub 2021 May 8.

Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR, USA.

BACKGROUND Rhabdomyolysis occurs when muscle injury leads to the release of muscle cell constituents into circulation, often leading to significant systemic complications. There are many causes of rhabdomyolysis, and the etiology is often multifactorial or unclear. Current data suggest that acute COVID-19 may cause muscle injury that can lead to rhabdomyolysis, particularly in cases of severe illness requiring prolonged hospitalization; however, data on the long-term effects of COVID-19 on the musculoskeletal system are lacking. Read More

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Kidney graft function and arterial stiffness in renal transplant recipients.

Acta Biochim Pol 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Medizinische Klinik mit Schwerpunkt Nephrologie und Internistische Intensivmedizin Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

Introduction: In renal transplant recipients (RTRs), cardiovascular (CV) complications are associated with non-traditional risk factors, such as a decline in graft function, immunosuppressive therapy, time of dialysis before transplantation, inflammation and anemia. Higher value of arterial stiffness is the consequence of risk factors and it can lead to CV events. The aim of this study was the assessment of the arterial stiffness in RTRs with different value of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and its correlation with classical and non-classical CV risk factors. Read More

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Putative mechanism of neurological damage in COVID-19 infection.

Acta Neurobiol Exp (Wars) 2021 ;81(1):69-79

División de Neurociencias , Instituto Nacional de Rehabilitación , México.

The recent pandemic of the coronavirus infectious disease 2019 (COVID-19) has affected around 192 countries, and projections have shown that around 40% to 70% of world population could be infected in the next months. COVID-19 is caused by the virus SARS- CoV-2, it enters the cells through the ACE2 receptor (angiotensin converting enzyme 2). It is well known that SARS-CoV-2 could develop mild, moderate, and severe respiratory symptoms that could lead to death. Read More

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Gastrointestinal Computed Tomography Findings in Chronic Granulomatous Disease with Subgroup Clinicopathologic Analysis.

Dig Dis Sci 2021 May 1. Epub 2021 May 1.

Abdominal Imaging, Division of Diagnostic Radiology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA.

Background: Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is a rare primary immunodeficiency which can lead to gastrointestinal (GI) complications including inflammatory bowel disease. Radiographic findings in this cohort have not been well described.

Aims: To describe the frequency and spectrum of gastrointestinal abnormalities seen on computed tomography (CT) in patients with CGD and determine whether radiography was predictive of endoscopic or histopathologic inflammatory findings. Read More

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Immunology and Immunotherapeutic Approaches for Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma: A Comprehensive Review.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Apr 24;22(9). Epub 2021 Apr 24.

Department of Urology, Gangnam Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul 06229, Korea.

Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is a malignant tumor associated with various tumor microenvironments (TMEs). The immune system is activated by the development of cancer and drives T cell anti-tumor response. CD8 T cells are known to improve clinical outcomes and sensitivity to immunotherapy, and play a crucial role against tumors. Read More

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Use of Anti-Diabetic Agents in Non-Diabetic Kidney Disease: From Bench to Bedside.

Life (Basel) 2021 Apr 25;11(5). Epub 2021 Apr 25.

Department of Internal Medicine, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Seoul 04763, Korea.

New drugs were recently developed to treat hyperglycemia in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D). However, metformin remains the first-line anti-diabetic agent because of its cost-effectiveness. It has pleiotropic action that produces cardiovascular benefits, and it can be useful in diabetic nephropathy, although metformin-associated lactic acidosis is a hindrance to its use in patients with kidney failure. Read More

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Attenuating Effects of Dieckol on Hypertensive Nephropathy in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Apr 19;22(8). Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Anatomy & Cell Biology, Gachon University College of Medicine, Incheon 21936, Korea.

Hypertension induces renal fibrosis or tubular interstitial fibrosis, which eventually results in end-stage renal disease. Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is one of the underlying mechanisms of renal fibrosis. Though previous studies showed that Ecklonia cava extracts (ECE) and dieckol (DK) had inhibitory action on angiotensin (Ang) I-converting enzyme, which converts Ang I to Ang II. Read More

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Blood Lead Level and Renal Impairment among Adults: A Meta-Analysis.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Apr 15;18(8). Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Medical Technology, School of Allied Health Sciences, Walailak University, Tha Sala, Nakhon Si Thammarat 80160, Thailand.

The adult population in lead-related occupations or environmentally exposed to lead may be at risk for renal impairment and lead nephropathy. This meta-analysis aims to determine the impact of blood lead level (BLL) on renal function among middle-aged participants. Cross-sectional, longitudinal, or cohort studies that reported BLL and renal function tests among adult participants were retrieved from PubMed, Scopus, and ISI Web of Science. Read More

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Machine Learning in Prediction of IgA Nephropathy Outcome: A Comparative Approach.

J Pers Med 2021 Apr 17;11(4). Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Department of Nephrology and Transplantation Medicine, Wroclaw Medical University, 50-556 Wroclaw, Poland.

We are overwhelmed by a deluge of data and, although its interpretation is challenging, fortunately, information technology comes to the rescue. One of the tools is artificial intelligence, allowing the identification of relationships between variables and their arbitrary classification. We focused on the assessment of both the remission of proteinuria and the deterioration of kidney function in patients with IgA nephropathy, comparing several methods of machine learning. Read More

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Cardiac Implantable Electronic Devices in Hemodialysis and Chronic Kidney Disease Patients-An Experience-Based Narrative Review.

J Clin Med 2021 Apr 17;10(8). Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Department of Nephrology and Transplantation Medicine, Wroclaw Medical University, 50-556 Wroclaw, Poland.

Cardiovascular implantable electronic devices (CIEDs) are a standard therapy utilized for different cardiac conditions. They are implanted in a growing number of patients, including those with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage kidney disease (ESKD). Cardiovascular diseases, including heart failure and malignant arrhythmia, remain the leading cause of mortality among CKD patients, especially in ESKD. Read More

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Diminished Systemic Amino Acids Metabolome and Lipid Peroxidation in Ureteropelvic Junction Obstruction (UPJO) Infants Requiring Surgery.

J Clin Med 2021 Apr 2;10(7). Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Core Unit Proteomics, Hannover Medical School, Institute of Toxicology, Carl-Neuberg-Strasse 1, 30625 Hannover, Germany.

Congenital anomalies of the urinary tract, and particularly of obstructive nephropathy such as ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) in infants, can later lead to chronic kidney disease and hypertension. Fundamental questions regarding underlying mechanisms remain unanswered. The aim of the present study was to quantitate the systemic amino acids metabolome in 21 UPJO infants requiring surgery (Group A) and 21 UPJO infants under conservative treatment (Group B). Read More

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The role of PGC-1α and metabolic signaling pathway in kidney injury following chronic administration with 3-MCPD as a food processing contaminant.

J Food Biochem 2021 Apr 29:e13744. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Zanjan Applied Pharmacology Research Center, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran.

3-Monochloropropane-1,2-diol (3-MCPD) as a byproduct of food processing and a carcinogenic agent has attracted much attention in the last decades. Kidney is the main target organ that is sensitive to the toxicity of 3-MCPD. Due to limited evidence about possible 3-MCPD toxicity, we design an investigation to determine the role of mitochondrial biogenesis following chronic oral administration of 3-MCPD (2, 4, 8 and 32 mg/kg) for 2 months in male C57 mice. Read More

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A target-agnostic screen identifies approved drugs to stabilize the endoplasmic reticulum-resident proteome.

Cell Rep 2021 Apr;35(4):109040

National Institute on Drug Abuse, National Institutes of Health, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA. Electronic address:

Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) dysregulation is associated with pathologies including neurodegenerative, muscular, and diabetic conditions. Depletion of ER calcium can lead to the loss of resident proteins in a process termed exodosis. To identify compounds that attenuate the redistribution of ER proteins under pathological conditions, we performed a quantitative high-throughput screen using the Gaussia luciferase (GLuc)-secreted ER calcium modulated protein (SERCaMP) assay, which monitors secretion of ER-resident proteins triggered by calcium depletion. Read More

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'Hybrid' oncocytoma: collecting duct (Bellini) carcinoma-the peril from this extremely rare intratumoural coexistence.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Apr 26;14(4). Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Urology Department, 424 General Military Training Hospital, Thessaloniki, Greece.

We presented an extremely rare entity of 'hybrid' oncocytoma and collecting duct (Bellini) carcinoma. The intratumoural coexistence of benign and malignant cells may lead to false diagnosis and suboptimal treatment of an aggressive tumour. Diagnosis may be challenging if only based on imaging modalities. Read More

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