751 results match your criteria Lateral Collateral Knee Ligament Injury


Dual split and dislocation----a variant of Schatzker type-I tibial plateau fracture: A case report.

Chin J Traumatol 2021 Apr 11. Epub 2021 Apr 11.

Department of Orthopaedics, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India. Electronic address:

Schatzkter type-I tibial plateau fracture is a split fracture of the lateral tibial plateau in sagittal plane, consequent to valgus impaction caused by low velocity of trauma. However, a deep understanding of the different columns of the tibial plateau and patho-mechanisms of the injury led to the unmasking of atypical fractures around the tibial plateau. We have encountered 2 cases with unusual fracture pattern of the lateral tibial condyle caused by road traffic accidents. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Rupture with Medial Collateral Ligament Tear with Lateral Meniscus Posterior Root Tear with Posterolateral Tibia Osteochondral Fracture: A New Injury Tetrad of the Knee.

J Orthop Case Rep 2020 May-Jun;10(3):36-42

The Orthopaedic Speciality Clinic, Pune, Maharashtra, India.

Introduction: Injuries to the knee ligaments, menisci, and cartilage are possible in high-velocity trauma as in road traffic accidents. Similarly, these structures can be disrupted in proximal tibia fractures. We present a series of three cases which had a previously undescribed injury combination. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Multiple Ligament Knee Reconstructions.

Arthroscopy 2021 05;37(5):1378-1380

Twin Cities Orthopedics, Edina-Crosstown. Edina, Minnesota, U.S.A.. Electronic address:

Patients with multiligament knee injuries require a thorough examination (Lachman, posterior-drawer, varus, valgus, and rotational testing). Diagnoses are confirmed with magnetic resonance imaging as well as stress radiographs (posterior, varus, and valgus) when indicated. Multiple systematic reviews have reported that early (<3 weeks after injury) single-stage surgery and early knee motion improves patient-reported outcomes. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Measurement of distance between femoral insertion of fibular collateral ligament and popliteus tendon: A magnetic resonance imaging based study.

J Clin Orthop Trauma 2021 Jun 17;17:139-142. Epub 2021 Mar 17.

Department of Orthopaedics, Atal Bihari Vajpayee Institute of Medical Sciences, Dr Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital, New Delhi, 110001, India.

Background: Fibular collateral ligament (FCL), popliteus tendon (PT) and popliteofibular ligament are key components of posterolateral corner (PLC) of the knee. These structures play a vital role in stabilizing the knee against varus and external rotation. The Anatomical location of these structures should be well understood for adequate reconstruction of PLC injuries. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Safety and Performance of Titanium Suture Anchors Used in Knee Ligament Repair Procedures.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2021 Mar 19;57(3). Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Real Sporting Gijon SAD, Camino Mareo-Granda, 645, 33390 Gijon, Spain.

Injuries to the knee ligaments can be particularly disabling in young patients, given the risk of long-term disability if adequate fixation is not achieved during initial repair. The TWINFIX™ titanium (Ti) suture anchor with ULTRABRAID™ Suture (Smith and Nephew, London, UK) was designed to secure tendon and ligament reconstructions with increased boney ingrowth at the anchor site with minimal invasive technique. This retrospective analysis looked at 33 patients (41 implants) operated with this device between 2015 and 2019 at a single institution. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

[Effects of "knot-loosing" of acupotomy on motor function and morphological changes of knee joint in knee osteoarthritis rabbits].

Zhen Ci Yan Jiu 2021 Feb;46(2):129-35

Secondary Department of Orthopedics-traumatology, People's Hospital of Fujian University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Fuzhou 350004, China; Key Laboratory of Orthopedics-traumatology and Rehabilitation of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Ministry of Education, Fuzhou 350122; Fujian Institute of Orthopedics-traumatology, Fuzhou 350004.

Objective: To observe the effect of "knot-loosing method" of acupotomy on morphological changes in knee osteoarthritis (KOA) rabbits, so as to provide experimental basis for clinical acupotomy treatment of KOA.

Methods: Male New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into blank control, model and acupotomy groups, with 8 rabbits in each group. By using the modified Videman method, the left hindlimb was immobilized for 6 weeks with a plaster cast to replicate the KOA model. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2021

Ultrasound-guided Perimeniscal Injections: Anatomical Description and Feasibility Study.

J Ultrasound Med 2021 Mar 31. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Radiology Department, APHM, Marseille, France.

Objectives: To anatomically describe the ultrasound (US)-guided perimeniscal injection technique, and evaluate its feasibility in the treatment of meniscal pain.

Methods: This work was initially undertaken in four cadaveric specimens with US-guided medial and lateral perimeniscal injection of China ink, followed by cadaveric dissection to assess injectate distribution, and potential injury to intra-articular and peri-articular structures. Then, 35 consecutive patients who underwent US-guided perimeniscal corticosteroid injection under local anesthesia for the treatment of symptomatic medial (30/35) or lateral (5/35) degenerative meniscal tear were retrospectively evaluated. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Arthroscopic anatomy of the posterolateral corner of the knee: anatomic relations and arthroscopic approaches.

Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 2021 Mar 22. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Department of Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Martinistrasse 52, 20246, Hamburg, Germany.

Introduction: Although open-surgical techniques for the reconstruction of the posterolateral corner (PLC) are well established, the use of arthroscopic procedures has recently increased. When compared with open surgical preparation, arthroscopic orientation in the PLC is challenging and anatomic relations may not be familiar. Nevertheless, a profound knowledge of anatomic key structures and possible structures at risk as well as technical variations of arthroscopic approaches are mandatory to allow a precise and safe surgical intervention. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Is There a Disadvantage to Early Physical Therapy After Multiligament Surgery for Knee Dislocation? A Pilot Randomized Clinical Trial.

Clin Orthop Relat Res 2021 Mar 16. Epub 2021 Mar 16.

G. Hoit, J. Chahal, B. Ravi, D. B. Whelan, Department of Surgery, Division of Orthopaedics, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Background: Multiligament knee injuries, though rare, can be profoundly disabling. Surgeons disagree about when to initiate rehabilitation after surgical reconstruction due to the conflicting priorities of postoperative stability and motion.

Questions/purposes: (1) Does early or late initiation of physical therapy after multiligament knee surgery result in fewer postoperative manipulations? (2) Does early versus late physical therapy compromise stability postoperatively? (3) Does early initiation of physical therapy result in improved patient-reported outcomes, as measured by the Multi-ligament Quality of Life (ML-QOL) score?

Methods: Between 2011 and 2016, 36 adults undergoing multiligament repair or reconstruction were prospectively enrolled in a randomized controlled trial and randomized 1:1 to either early rehabilitation or late rehabilitation after surgery. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

MRI-Detected Knee Ligament Sprains and Associated Internal Derangement in Athletes Competing at the Rio de Janeiro 2016 Summer Olympics.

Open Access J Sports Med 2021 8;12:23-32. Epub 2021 Mar 8.

Department of Radiology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA.

Purpose: Describe the frequency and severity of knee ligament sprains diagnosed by MRI in athletes participating at the 2016 Summer Olympic Games, their association with certain sports and assess correlations with additional knee structural injury.

Patients And Methods: All knee MRIs performed in the Olympic Village and polyclinics during the 2016 Olympics were retrospectively, blindly reviewed for ligament sprains and associated knee injuries. In addition to the absence or presence of these abnormalities, athletes were stratified by age, gender and sport. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Complete posterior dislocation of fractured lateral condyle of tibia with disruption of proximal tibiofibular joint: Technical note.

J Clin Orthop Trauma 2021 Mar 17;14:127-131. Epub 2020 Jul 17.

Department of Orthopaedics, Hamdard institute of Medical Sciences and Research, New Delhi, India.

Tibial plateau fracture-dislocations are relatively uncommon injuries. They represent instability patterns due to injured collateral ligaments or extensive condylar depression. Medial and lateral subluxations of the fractured fragments represent the majority of these injuries. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Does the anterolateral ligament protect the anterior cruciate ligament in the most common injury mechanisms? A human knee model study.

Knee 2021 Mar 9;29:381-389. Epub 2021 Mar 9.

Department of Orthopedic Sports Medicine and Arthroscopic Surgery, Hessing Stiftung Augsburg, Augsburg, Germany.

Background: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction still has a risk of re-rupture and persisting rotational instability. Thus, extra-articular structures such as the anterolateral ligament (ALL) are increasingly treated. The ALL however prevents the internal rotation of the tibia and it must be doubted that the ALL protects the ACL in other common injury mechanisms which primarily include tibial external rotation. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Steep posterior lateral tibial slope, bone contusion on lateral compartments and combined medial collateral ligament injury are associated with the increased risk of lateral meniscal tear.

Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 2021 Mar 9. Epub 2021 Mar 9.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Center for Joint Diseases and Rheumatism, Kyung Hee University Hospital at Gangdong, 892 Dongnam-ro, Gangdong-gu, Seoul, 134-727, Korea.

Purpose: To determine the risk factors for lateral meniscus and root tears in patients with acute anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries.

Methods: A total of 226 patients undergoing acute ACL reconstruction were included in the study sample. Exclusion criteria were revisions, fractures, chronic cases, and multiple ligament injuries, with the exception of medial collateral ligament (MCL) injuries. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Coronal Lateral Collateral Ligament Sign: A Novel Magnetic Resonance Imaging Sign for Identifying Anterior Cruciate Ligament-Deficient Knees in Adolescents and Summarizing the Extent of Anterior Tibial Translation and Femorotibial Internal Rotation.

Am J Sports Med 2021 03 22;49(4):928-934. Epub 2021 Feb 22.

Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Rady Children's Hospital, San Diego, California, USA.

Background: Incompetence of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) confers knee laxity in the sagittal and axial planes that is measurable with clinical examination and diagnostic imaging.

Hypothesis: An ACL-deficient knee will produce a more vertical orientation of the lateral collateral ligament (LCL), allowing for the entire length of the LCL to be visualized on a single coronal slice (coronal LCL sign) on magnetic resonance imaging.

Study Design: Cohort study (diagnosis); Level of evidence, 3. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Predictive Value of the Magnetic Resonance Imaging-Based Coronal Lateral Collateral Ligament Sign on Adolescent Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Graft Failure.

Am J Sports Med 2021 03 22;49(4):935-940. Epub 2021 Feb 22.

Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Rady Children's Hospital, San Diego, California, USA.

Background: The coronal lateral collateral ligament (LCL) sign is the presence of the full length of the LCL visualized on a single coronal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) slice at the posterolateral corner of the knee. The coronal LCL sign has been shown to be associated with elevated measures of anterior tibial translation and internal rotation in the setting of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tear.

Hypothesis: The coronal LCL sign (with greater anterior translation, internal rotation, and posterior slope of the tibia) will indicate a greater risk for graft failure after ACL reconstructive surgery. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Correlation Between the Thickness of Anterolateral Ligament and Lateral Collateral Ligament of the Knee.

Cureus 2021 Jan 12;13(1):e12668. Epub 2021 Jan 12.

Anatomy, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhopal, IND.

Background Persistent anterolateral rotatory instability (ALRI) following the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction has led to a renewed interest in defining the role of anterolateral complex (ALC) of the knee. Methods We explored the anterolateral corner of 34 cadaveric knees to define the anterolateral ligament (ALL) in all its dimensions and measured the thickness of lateral collateral ligament (LCL) at the lateral meniscus level (tLCL) in ALL-intact and ALL-deficient knees. Results ALL was present in 27/34 (79%) of the knees. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2021

Editorial Commentary: The Pivot Shift and Lachman Examinations: Teammates With Distinct Roles.

Arthroscopy 2021 02;37(2):682-685

New York, New York.

The pivot shift and Lachman examinations are "teammates" with complementary but distinct roles in the successful diagnosis and treatment of anterior cruciate ligament rupture and injury to the surrounding soft-tissue envelope of the knee. The Lachman test measures anterior tibial translation in response to an applied anterior tibial load. This test assesses the integrity of the native or reconstructed anterior cruciate ligament and the secondary medial restraints including the medial meniscus and medial collateral ligament. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2021

Distal femoral osteotomy for genu valgum deformity caused by malunited Hoffa fracture.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Feb 4;14(2). Epub 2021 Feb 4.

Orthopaedic Surgery, Fukuoka University, Fukuoka, Japan.

Hoffa fractures are unstable intra-articular fractures of the femoral condyle that occur in the coronal plane.Insufficient anatomical reduction and internal fixation may lead to non-union or malunion. A 39-year-old man was involved in a traffic accident while riding a motorcycle and was diagnosed with left Hoffa fracture and avulsion fracture of the femoral attachment of the medial collateral ligament. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2021

Management and Outcome of a Complex Medial Tibial Plateau Fracture: A Case Report of a Rare Knee Varus Injury Variant.

JBJS Case Connect 2020 10 19;10(4):e19.00626. Epub 2020 Oct 19.

Department of Orthopaedics, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Government Medical College, Kangra, Himachal Pradesh, India.

Case: A 26-year-old patient who had a road traffic accident sustained a complex knee injury, which resulted in a comminuted fracture of the medial tibial plateau, along with undisplaced lateral collateral ligament (LCL) avulsion that was managed surgically with rim plating, resulting in a good outcome after 1-year follow-up.

Conclusion: The authors present a rare case of a combination of axial loading and varus injury to the knee, which caused splaying of the medial tibial plateau with an undisplaced LCL avulsion, managed with single rim plating, which is a relatively new method of fixation that obviated the need for 2 separate implants, with good functional outcome. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2020

The accuracy of MRI in the diagnosis of anterior cruciate ligament injury.

Ann Transl Med 2020 Dec;8(24):1657

Department of Gynaecology, Shijiazhuang Third Hospital, Shijiazhuang, China.

Background: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury can cause damage to the meniscus and articular cartilage, and may even lead to osteoarthritis. This study aimed to analyze the accuracy and feasibility of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) imaging signs in the diagnosis of knee joint ACL injury.

Methods: A total of 78 patients admitted to our hospital from June 2018 to October 2019 with highly suspected ACL injury were selected for this prospective study. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2020

Outcomes of one-stage reconstruction for chronic multiligament injuries of knee.

Knee Surg Relat Res 2021 Jan 7;33(1). Epub 2021 Jan 7.

Department of Orthopaedics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh, India.

Purpose: This article aims to evaluate patterns of chronic multiligament injuries and outcomes of treatment with single-stage reconstruction using autografts.

Methods: All patients with clinicoradiologically diagnosed multiligament knee injury (MKI) were included in this prospective observational study. As the time since injury was more than 6 weeks in all of the patients, they were categorized as having chronic MKI. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2021

Microstructural and Mechanical Properties of the Anterolateral Ligament of the Knee.

Am J Sports Med 2021 01;49(1):172-182

Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, Missouri, USA.

Background: The variable anatomy and controversy of the anterolateral ligament (ALL) reflect the complex relationship among the anterolateral knee structures.

Purpose/hypothesis: The purpose was to quantify the microstructural and mechanical properties of the ALL as compared with the anterolateral capsule (ALC) and lateral collateral ligament (LCL). The primary hypotheses were that (1) there is no difference in these properties between the ALL and ALC and (2) the LCL has significantly different properties from the ALL and ALC. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2021

[Diagnostic value of a 3D-SPACE-sequence with compressed sensing technology for the knee joint].

Radiologe 2021 Feb 21;61(2):203-212. Epub 2020 Dec 21.

Radiologisches Zentrum für Diagnostik und Therapie München, Oberföhringer Straße 2, 81679, München, Deutschland.

Backround: SPACE (3D fast spin echo acquisition) sequences require long scan times for three-dimensional assessment of acute injury of the knee joint and are flawed due to geometric blurring. Their implementation into routine diagnostic imaging was not feasible until recently.

Objectives: By comparing conventional MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) sequences to 3D (three-dimensional) sequences, it was investigated whether the compressed sensing (CS) technique is inferior to the established 2D sequences with shorter examination times. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2021

Timing of magnetic resonance imaging affects the accuracy and interobserver agreement of anterolateral ligament tears detection in anterior cruciate ligament deficient knees.

Knee Surg Relat Res 2020 Nov 27;32(1):64. Epub 2020 Nov 27.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Changi General Hospital, Singapore, Singapore.

Purpose: We aimed to identify the anterolateral ligament (ALL) tears in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)-deficient knees using standard 1.5-Tesla magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

Methods: We included all patients who underwent primary ACL reconstruction at our center between 2012 and 2015. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2020

[Reconstruction of medial collateral ligament: Description of a new augmentation technique with allograft and interference biocomposite screws].

Acta Ortop Mex 2020 Mar-Apr;34(2):129-133

Centro Médico ABC. Ciudad de México. México.

Introduction: Medial Collateral Ligament (LCM) instability is associated with multi-ligamentary lesions. There are several procedures for the reconstruction of MCL, we present a percutaneous technique of augmentation. Our goal is to describe a new technique of reconstruction of the LCM by grafting and fixing with biocomposite screws. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2020

Percutaneous Lateral Collateral Ligament Reconstruction.

Arthrosc Tech 2020 Oct 16;9(10):e1577-e1580. Epub 2020 Oct 16.

Department of Orthopaedics, Faculty of Medicine, Thammasat University Hospital, Pathum Thani, Thailand.

The lateral collateral ligament (LCL) is 1 of the 3 major static stabilizers of the lateral knee. It acts as a restraint to varus stress as well as posterolateral rotation of the knee. Injury to the LCL rarely occurs in isolation. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2020

Fibular Collateral Ligament Reconstruction Graft Options: Clinical and Radiographic Outcomes of Autograft Versus Allograft.

Arthroscopy 2021 03 27;37(3):944-950. Epub 2020 Oct 27.

Twin Cities Orthopaedics, Minneapolis, Minnesota, U.S.A.. Electronic address:

Purpose: To compare varus knee stability and clinical outcomes between patients who underwent fibular collateral ligament reconstruction (FCLR) or lateral collateral ligament (LCL) reconstruction with autografts versus allografts when undergoing concomitant anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR).

Methods: All patients who underwent primary ACLR and concomitant FCLR from 2010 to 2017 performed by a single surgeon (R.F. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The Pathoanatomy of Posterolateral Corner Ligamentous Disruption in Multiligament Knee Injuries Is Predictive of Peroneal Nerve Injury.

Am J Sports Med 2020 12 19;48(14):3541-3548. Epub 2020 Oct 19.

Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA.

Background: A description of the precise locations of ligamentous and myotendinous injury patterns of acute posterolateral corner (PLC) injuries and their associated osseous and neurovascular injuries is lacking in the literature.

Purpose: To characterize the ligamentous and myotendinous injury patterns and zones of injury that occur in acute PLC injuries and determine associated rates of peroneal nerve palsies and vascular injuries, as well as fracture and dislocation.

Study Design: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2020

The Relationship Between Lateral Femoral Anatomic Structures and the Femoral Tunnel Outlet in Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Using the Transportal Technique: A 3-Dimensional Simulation Analysis.

Orthop J Sports Med 2020 Sep 28;8(9):2325967120952783. Epub 2020 Sep 28.

Arthroscopy and Joint Research Institute, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Background: The relationship between the lateral femoral anatomic structures and femoral tunnel outlet according to changes in knee flexion and transverse drill angle during femoral tunnel creation in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction remains unclear.

Purpose: To investigate the relationships between the lateral femoral anatomic structures and femoral tunnel outlet according to various knee flexion and transverse drill angles and to determine appropriate angles at which to minimize possible damage to the lateral femoral anatomic structures.

Study Design: Controlled laboratory study. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2020

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury in Association With Other Knee Injuries in King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Saudi Arabia.

Cureus 2020 Sep 4;12(9):e10240. Epub 2020 Sep 4.

Orthopaedic Surgery, College of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, SAU.

Purpose The purpose of this study was to study the association of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury with meniscal, collateral ligament, and bone injuries using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for clinical correlation during ACL repair. Methods This was a retrospective cohort study conducted on 136 patients diagnosed with ACL injury by MRI at King Abdulaziz University Hospital (KAUH) between September 2010 and September 2018. Results The medial meniscus was injured in approximately half (49. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2020