388,453 results match your criteria Late Effects of Childhood Cancer and Treatment


Case report: Disseminated pulmonary mucormycosis involving spleen in diabetic patient with aggressive surgical approach.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2018 Nov 29;54:42-46. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of General Surgery, Prince Sultan Military Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Introduction: Mucormycosis is a life threatening fungal infection that occurs in immunocompromised patients.

Presentation Of Case: A 36-year-old Saudi male with known case of Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (IDDM), who was presented with productive cough and diarrhea. Computed tomography (CT) revealed a disseminated fungal invasion of the lungs and spleen with invading the fundus of the stomach. Read More

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November 2018

The legacy of colonial fire management policies on traditional livelihoods and ecological sustainability in savannas: Impacts, consequences, new directions.

J Environ Manage 2018 Dec 3;232:600-606. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Darwin Centre for Bushfire Research, Charles Darwin University, Darwin, Australia. Electronic address:

Land occupation and management systems have defined fire regimes and landscapes for millennia. The savanna biome is responsible for 86% of all fire events, contributes to 10% of the total carbon emissions annually and is home to 10% of the human population. European colonization has been associated with the implementation of fire suppression policies in many tropical savanna regions, markedly disrupting traditional fire management practices and transforming ecosystems. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Non-GVHD ocular complications after hematopoietic cell transplantation: expert review from the Late Effects and Quality of Life Working Committee of the CIBMTR and Transplant Complications Working Party of the EBMT.

Biol Blood Marrow Transplant 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Ophthalmology, Hospital Universitario Puerta de Hierro, Madrid, Spain.

Non-graft-versus-host disease (non-GVHD) ocular complications are generally uncommon after hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT), but can cause prolonged morbidity affecting activities of daily living and quality of life. Here we provide an expert review of non-GVHD ocular complications in a collaboration between transplant physicians and ophthalmologists through the Late Effects and Quality of Life Working Committee of the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research and the Transplant Complications Working Party of the European Society of Blood and Marrow Transplantation. Complications discussed in this review include cataracts, glaucoma, ocular infections, ocular involvement with malignancy, ischemic microvascular retinopathy, central retinal vein occlusion, retinal hemorrhage, retinal detachment and ocular toxicities associated with medications. Read More

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December 2018
5 Reads

Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced sickness in early adolescence alters the behavioral effects of the short-chain fatty acid, propionic acid, in late adolescence and adulthood: Examining anxiety and startle reactivity.

Behav Brain Res 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Psychology, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada; Graduate Program in Neuroscience, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address:

Early life immune challenges are risk factors for neurodevelopmental disorders. In adolescence, they elicit behavioral symptoms that resemble clinical disorders. Stressors during this time may alter signaling from the gut microbiome, which increases the risk for psychiatric disorders. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Overexpression of heat shock protein HSP90AA1 and translocase of the outer mitochondrial membrane TOM34 in HCV-induced hepatocellular carcinoma: A pilot study.

Clin Biochem 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Northern Border University, Arar, Saudi Arabia; Department of Medical Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Medicine, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt. Electronic address:

Objective: Identification of new molecular markers to enhance early diagnosis, prognosis and/or treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a need. TOM34 (34 kDa-translocase of the outer mitochondrial membrane) protein expression deregulation has demonstrated to be involved in the growth of many cancers. Here, we aimed at evaluating serum TOM34 and some heat shock proteins (HSPA4, HSPA1B, and HSP90AA1) expressions in hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related cirrhosis and HCV-induced HCC relative to controls and correlating these expressions to the clinicopathological data. Read More

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December 2018
6 Reads

Pre-emptive and preventive opioids for postoperative pain in adults undergoing all types of surgery.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018 Dec 3;12:CD012624. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Surgery and Anaesthesia, Division of Medical Sciences and Graduate Entry Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Nottingham, Uttoxeter New Road, Derby, UK, DE22 3DT.

Background: Postoperative pain is a common consequence of surgery and can have deleterious effects. It has been suggested that the administration of opioid analgesia before a painful stimulus may improve pain control. This can be done in two ways. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Application of the Andersen-Newman model of health care utilization to understand antenatal care use in Kersa District, Eastern Ethiopia.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208729. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Research Centre for Generational Health and Ageing, Faculty of Health and Medicine, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, NSW, Australia.

Background: In Ethiopia, the uptake of antenatal care services has been low. Moreover, there is less frequent and late attendance of antenatal care among women who attend. Using the Anderson-Newman model of health care utilization, this study identified factors that either facilitate or impede antenatal care utilization in Kersa district, Eastern Ethiopia. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Identifying missed clinical opportunities for the earlier diagnosis of HIV in Australia, a retrospective cohort data linkage study.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208323. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Infectious Diseases, Prince of Wales Hospital, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Background: Treatment as prevention approaches for HIV require optimal HIV testing strategies to reduce undiagnosed HIV infections. In most settings, HIV testing strategies still result in unacceptably high rates of missed and late diagnoses. This study aimed to identify clinical opportunities for targeted HIV testing in persons at risk to facilitate earlier HIV diagnosis in New South Wales, Australia; and to assess the duration between the diagnosis of specific conditions and HIV diagnosis. Read More

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December 2018

The multiple maternal legacy of the Late Iron Age group of Urville-Nacqueville (France, Normandy) documents a long-standing genetic contact zone in northwestern France.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0207459. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

De la Préhistoire à l'Actuel, Culture, Environnement, Anthropologie-UMR 5199, CNRS, Université de Bordeaux, Allée Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, CS, Pessac Cedex, France.

The compilation of archaeological and genetic data for ancient European human groups has provided persuasive evidence for a complex series of migrations, population replacements and admixture until the Bronze Age. If the Bronze-to-Iron Age transition has been well documented archaeologically, ancient DNA (aDNA) remains rare for the latter period and does not precisely reflect the genetic diversity of European Celtic groups. In order to document the evolution of European communities, we analysed 45 individuals from the Late Iron Age (La Tène) Urville-Nacqueville necropolis in northwestern France, a region recognized as a major cultural contact zone between groups from both sides of the Channel. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Identification of midgut membrane proteins from different instars of Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) that bind to Cry1Ac toxin.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0207789. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Instituto de Biotecnología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Morelos, Mexico.

Helicoverpa armigera is a polyphagous pest sensitive to Cry1Ac protein from Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt). The susceptibility of the different larval instars of H. armigera to Cry1Ac protoxin showed a significant 45-fold reduction in late instars compared to early instars. Read More

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December 2018

[Morbidity in Prematurity Associated with Fetal Growth Restriction: Experience of a Tertiary Care Center].

Acta Med Port 2018 Nov 30;31(11):648-655. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Serviço de Neonatologia. Departamento de Pediatria. Hospital Universitário de Santa Maria. Centro Hospitalar Lisboa Norte. Lisboa. Clínica Universitária de Pediatria. Faculdade de Medicina. Universidade de Lisboa. Lisboa. Portugal.

Introduction: Prematurity and low birth weight have been associated with increased neonatal morbidity and mortality. This study aimed to evaluate possible risk factors for prematurity associated with fetal growth restriction and being small for gestational age and to determine the incidence of morbidity in these two groups of infants.

Material And Methods: Retrospective case-control study of newborns with gestational age of less than 32 weeks, with obstetric diagnosis of fetal growth restriction and with the clinical diagnosis of small for gestational age, admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of a tertiary hospital for a period of six years. Read More

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November 2018

[Chronic Pain After Outpatient Inguinal Hernioplasty: Retrospective Cohort Study].

Acta Med Port 2018 Nov 30;31(11):624-632. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Unidade da Dor. Serviço de Anestesiologia. Hospital de Santo António. Centro Hospitalar do Porto. Porto. Portugal.

Introduction: Chronic postoperative pain is the most frequent late complication of inguinal hernia repair surgery. The aim of this study is to evaluate the incidence of chronic post-hernioplasty pain in outpatient care at Centro Hospitalar do Porto, describe it, analyse its relation with other variables defined in the literature and study its functional interference.

Material And Methods: We performed a retrospective cohort study between February and May 2016, using a structured telephone interview composed of questions from the authors and sections of published questionnaires, two of which are validated for the Portuguese language and culture. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

In vivo monitoring of intracellular Ca dynamics in the pancreatic β-cells of zebrafish embryos.

Islets 2018 Dec 6:1-18. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

a Institute of Molecular Biology/CMBI , University of Innsbruck , Innsbruck , Austria.

Assessing the response of pancreatic islet cells to glucose stimulation is important for understanding β-cell function. Zebrafish are a promising model for studies of metabolism in general, including stimulus-secretion coupling in the pancreas. We used transgenic zebrafish embryos expressing a genetically-encoded Ca sensor in pancreatic β-cells to monitor a key step in glucose induced insulin secretion; the elevations of intracellular [Ca]. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Updates in the correlation of electroneuromyographic findings in diabetic polyneuropathy

Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc 2018 11 30;56(4):354-359. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Unidad de Medicina Física y Rehabilitación Norte “Dr. Victorio de la Fuente Narváez”, Curso de especialidad médica en Medicina de Rehabilitación. Ciudad de México, México

Background: The diabetic neuropathy is the most common microvascular complication of diabetes mellitus. The reported prevalence ranges from 10-90%. Electrophysiological alterations can be demonstrated in nearly 100% of diabetics. Read More

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November 2018

Second infield re-irradiation with a resulting cumulative equivalent dose (EQD2 ) of >180 Gy for patients with recurrent head and neck cancer.

Head Neck 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Frankfurt, Germany.

Background: For locally recurrent head and neck cancer, re-irradiation with modern techniques like stereotactic body radiotherapy is a promising, possibly curative alternative to palliative systemic therapy.

Methods: We report on 1 patient with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) and 1 patient with cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Both patients received full dose primary treatment (>66 Gy, EQD2), full dose re-irradiation (>50 Gy, EQD2), and a second course of re-irradiation via robotic radiosurgery (CyberKnife) for a second local recurrence. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Extreme cold consistently reduces seedling growth but has species-specific effects on browse tolerance in summer.

Am J Bot 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Integrative Biology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 250 N. Mills Street, Madison, WI, 53706, USA.

Premise Of The Study: Extreme weather events can injure plants, causing decreased survival. However, we may underestimate the ecological importance of extreme events if they have strong sublethal effects that manifest after several months. We tested the hypothesis that late-winter extreme-cold events decrease the ability of woody plants to grow and tolerate stem removal in summer. Read More

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December 2018

Energetic investment associated with vitellogenesis induces an oxidative cost of reproduction.

J Anim Ecol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Biology, Utah State University, Logan, Utah, USA.

1.Oxidative stress is a potential cost of reproduction, but conclusive evidence for this relationship is lacking. The goal of this study was to serially assess across a seasonal gradient the relationship between reproduction, circulating plasma energy metabolites, and oxidative state. Read More

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December 2018

Minimal residual disease-based long-term efficacy of reduced-intensity conditioning versus myeloablative conditioning for adult Philadelphia-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

Cancer 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Hematology, Catholic Hematology Hospital, College of Medicine, Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.

Background: The sensitivity of Philadelphia chromosome (Ph)-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) to reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) versus myeloablative conditioning (MAC) allogeneic HCT by minimal residual disease (MRD) kinetics is not well established.

Methods: This study compared long-term outcomes based on MRD kinetics for 79 patients with RIC transplants and 116 patients with MAC transplants in first complete remission (CR1) after tyrosine kinase inhibitor-based chemotherapy (median follow-up, 67.1 months). Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Advances in Genomic Hepatocellular Carcinoma Research.

Gigascience 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Graduate School of Integrative Sciences and Engineering, National University of Singapore, 5 Lower Kent Ridge Road, Singapore 117456, Singapore.

Background: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the cancer with the second highest mortality in the world due to its late presentation and limited treatment options. As such, there is an urgent need to identify novel biomarkers for early diagnosis and develop novel therapies. The availability of Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) data from tumors of liver cancer patients has provided us with invaluable resources to better understand HCC through the integration of data from different sources to facilitate the identification of promising biomarkers or therapeutic targets. Read More

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December 2018

Association of Chemoradiotherapy With Outcomes Among Patients With Stage I to II vs Stage III Small Cell Lung Cancer: Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Clinical Trial.

JAMA Oncol 2018 Dec 6:e185335. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Division of Cancer Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom.

Importance: There is limited evidence to guide stage I to II small cell lung cancer (SCLC) treatment.

Objective: To examine the characteristics and outcomes among patients with stage I to II SCLC treated with modern chemoradiotherapy.

Design, Setting, And Participants: In this post hoc secondary analysis of the Concurrent Once-Daily vs Twice-Daily Radiotherapy Trial (CONVERT), a multicenter phase 3 trial conducted in patients with limited-stage SCLC from April 7, 2008, to November 29, 2013, patients with TNM stage I to II SCLC were compared with those with stage III disease. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Association of Audiometric Age-Related Hearing Loss With Depressive Symptoms Among Hispanic Individuals.

JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Psychiatry, New York State Psychiatric Institute, Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons, NewYork-Presbyterian/Columbia University Irving Medical Center, Columbia University, New York.

Importance: Age-related hearing loss is highly prevalent and has recently been associated with numerous morbid conditions of aging. Late-life depression is also prevalent and can be resistant to available treatments. Preliminary studies examining the association between hearing loss and late-life depression have been limited by subjective hearing measures, small sample sizes, and primarily white populations. Read More

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December 2018
7 Reads

Dear Mommy and Daddy, I Wish to Go Home at the Right Date, Not Too Early But Not Too Late….

Authors:
Paolo Biban

Pediatr Crit Care Med 2018 Dec;19(12):1175-1176

Division of Pediatric Critical and Emergency Care, Neonatal and Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Verona University Hospital, Verona, Italy.

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December 2018

Gout in the Gilded Age: The Case of Richard Morris Hunt.

Authors:
Robert S Pinals

J Clin Rheumatol 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

From the Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick, NJ.

Richard Morris Hunt, a distinguished American architect of the late 19th century (the Gilded Age), had onset of gout at age 41 years. His attacks became more frequent and severe, eventually leading to chronic pain and disability. His medical care by highly regarded physicians resulted in very limited benefit, but through his dedication and work ethic, he remained productive until his death at age 67 years. Read More

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December 2018

Social behaviour and making attachments: a report from the fifth 'Young Microbiologists Symposium on Microbe Signalling, Organisation and Pathogenesis'.

Microbiology 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

1​Wellcome-Wolfson Institute for Experimental Medicine, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast, UK.

The fifth Young Microbiologists Symposium was held in Queen's University Belfast, Northern Ireland, in late August 2018. The symposium, focused on 'Microbe signalling, organization and pathogenesis', attracted 121 microbiologists from 15 countries. The meeting allowed junior scientists to present their work to a broad audience, and was supported by the European Molecular Biology Organization, the Federation of European Microbiological Societies, the Society of Applied Microbiology, the Biochemical Society and the Microbiology Society. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Psychological benefits of attending the theatre associated with positive affect and well-being for subscribers over age 60.

Aging Ment Health 2018 Dec 6:1-8. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

a Dept. of Psychological & Brain Sciences , University of Louisville , Louisville , KY , USA.

Objectives: Although late adulthood may be a time of greater well-being, optimal aging still characterizes a minority of older adults. Understanding how individuals achieve well-being across adulthood is important for intervention and social policy. We focused on how attending live theatre might enhance the well-being of a sample of 53 season ticket holders aged 60 and older. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Enantioselective Synthesis of Isocarbostyril Alkaloids and Analogs Using Catalytic Dearomative Functionalization of Benzene.

J Am Chem Soc 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Enantioselective total syntheses of the anticancer isocarbostyril alkaloids (+)-7-deoxypancratistatin, (+)-pancratistatin, (+)-lycoricidine, and (+)-narciclasine are described. Our strategy for accessing this unique class of natural products is based on the development of a Ni-catalyzed dearomative trans-1,2-carboamination of benzene. The effectiveness of this dearomatization approach is notable, as only two additional olefin functionalizations are needed to construct the fully decorated aminocyclitol cores of these alkaloids. Read More

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December 2018

Ischemic optic neuropathy in robotic-assisted gynaecologic surgery: A case report.

J Obstet Gynaecol Res 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Ceyhan State Hospital Ophthalmology Department, Adana, Turkey.

The study was aimed to present a rare case of who developed non arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION) following robotic-assisted gynaecologic surgery. A 58-year-old female patient presented with vision loss in right eye after non-complicated robotic-assisted total hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oopherectomy. We observed on fundoscopy optic disc edema and splinter hemorrhages at the optic disc edges. Read More

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December 2018
4 Reads

Case Reports: Late Emergence of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in an Immunocompromised Patient in a Non-Endemic Setting.

Am J Trop Med Hyg 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Monash Medical Centre, School of Clinical Sciences, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia.

We report a case of reactivation of cutaneous leishmaniasis caused by in a 40-year-old man from Afghanistan, in the context of immune suppression. His last potential exposure was 7 years before the clinical presentation. To our knowledge, this is the most temporally distant reactivation of cutaneous leishmaniasis reported in a non-endemic country. Read More

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December 2018

Biosynthetic Vascular Graft: A Valuable Alternative to Traditional Replacement Materials for Treatment of Prosthetic Aortic Graft Infection?

Scand J Surg 2018 Dec 6:1457496918816908. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

1 Department of Vascular Surgery, Barmherzige Brüder Hospital, Regensburg, Germany.

Background And Aims:: To report the experience of a tertiary vascular surgery center using Omniflow II® biosynthetic vascular grafts for treatment of prosthetic aortic graft infection.

Materials And Methods:: Retrospective analysis of all patients with prosthetic graft infections who underwent in situ aortic reconstruction using Omniflow II® grafts or other conduits between March 2015 and May 2017. Early and late mortality, perioperative complications, and reinfection rate were analyzed. Read More

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December 2018

In vivo characterization of connective tissue remodeling using infrared photoacoustic spectra.

J Biomed Opt 2018 Dec;23(12):1-6

California Institute of Technology, Caltech Optical Imaging Laboratory, Andrew and Peggy Cherng Depa, United States.

Premature cervical remodeling is a critical precursor of spontaneous preterm birth, and the remodeling process is characterized by an increase in tissue hydration. Nevertheless, current clinical measurements of cervical remodeling are subjective and detect only late events, such as cervical effacement and dilation. Here, we present a photoacoustic endoscope that can quantify tissue hydration by measuring near-infrared cervical spectra. Read More

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December 2018
8 Reads
2.859 Impact Factor

Late cutaneous B-Cell pseudolymphoma after an upper-lid gold weight implant.

Contact Dermatitis 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Dermatology, Hospital Universitario Príncipe de Asturias, Madrid, Spain.

Upper eyelid gold weight implants are an established tool in the symptomatic treatment of lagophthalmos, the inability to close your eyes completely. Complications associated to this procedure are infrequent. When noted, non-infectious inflammatory reactions corresponding to type IV hypersensitivity reactions are resolved with the removal of the implant. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Late-onset administration of GDF11 extends life span and delays development of age-related markers in the annual fish Nothobranchius guentheri.

Biogerontology 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Institute of Evolution & Marine Biodiversity and Department of Marine Biology, Ocean University of China, 5 Yushan Road, Qingdao, 266003, China.

Current studies have generated disputes on the age-related change in the concentration of growth differentiation factor 11 (GDF11) and its role in the genesis of rejuvenation conditions. In this study we showed for the first time that both GDF11 gene expression and its protein abundance decreased with age in the fish Nothobranchius guentheri. We also showed that rGDF11 fed was indeed absorbed by the fish. Read More

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December 2018

Adolescent social isolation affects parvalbumin expression in the medial prefrontal cortex in the MAM-E17 model of schizophrenia.

Metab Brain Dis 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Institute of Pharmacology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Department of Pharmacology, Laboratory of Pharmacology and Brain Biostructure, Smętna Street 12, 31-343, Kraków, Poland.

Altered parvalbumin (PV) expression is observed in the prefrontal cortex of subjects with schizophrenia. Environmental context, particularly during adolescence, might regulate PV expression. In the present study, we investigated the effect of adolescent social isolation (SI) on PV expression in the medial prefrontal cortex in a neurodevelopmental model (MAM-E17) of schizophrenia. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Two cases of late-onset neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder initially presenting with isolated cerebral white matter lesions.

eNeurologicalSci 2018 Dec 19;13:35-37. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Department of Neurology and Neurological Science, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, Japan.

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December 2018

A LEA model peptide protects the function of a red fluorescent protein in the dry state.

Biochem Biophys Rep 2019 Mar 26;17:27-31. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Center for Biological Resources and Informatics, Tokyo Institute of Technology, B-62 4259, Nagatsuta-cho, Midori-ku, Yokohama 226-8501, Japan.

We tested whether a short model peptide derived from a group 3 late embryogenesis abundant (G3LEA) protein is able to maintain the fluorescence activity of a red fluorescent protein, mKate2, in the dry state. The fluorescence intensity of mKate2 alone decreased gradually through repeated dehydration-rehydration treatments. However, in the presence of the LEA model peptide, the peak intensity was maintained almost perfectly during such stress treatments, which implies that the three dimensional structure of the active site of mKate2 was protected even under severe desiccation conditions. Read More

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Diatoms and pollen data from modern surface sediment samples collected from the Merang wetlands, Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia.

Data Brief 2018 Dec 3;21:1886-1889. Epub 2018 Nov 3.

School of Earth Science and Geological Engineering, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China.

The data presented here are related to the research paper entitled "A below-the-present late Holocene relative sea level and the glacial isostatic adjustment during the Holocene in the Malay Peninsula" (Tam et al., 2018) [1]. The diatoms and pollen data are collected from surface sediments of the Merang wetlands, Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia, and are presented as percentages of total diatoms or total land pollen respectively. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Transcripts and tumors: regulatory and metabolic programming during biotrophic phytopathogenesis.

F1000Res 2018 19;7. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Institute for Microbiology and Genetics, Department of Molecular Microbiology and Genetics, Georg-August-University-Göttingen, Göttingen, Lower Saxony, D-37077, Germany.

Biotrophic fungal pathogens of plants must sense and adapt to the host environment to complete their life cycles. Recent transcriptome studies of the infection of maize by the biotrophic pathogen are providing molecular insights into an ordered program of changes in gene expression and the deployment of effectors as well as key features of nutrient acquisition. In particular, the transcriptome data provide a deeper appreciation of the complexity of the transcription factor network that controls the biotrophic program of invasion, proliferation, and sporulation. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Hidden cost of disease in a free-ranging ungulate: brucellosis reduces mid-winter pregnancy in elk.

Ecol Evol 2018 Nov 28;8(22):10733-10742. Epub 2018 Oct 28.

Department of Wildland Resources Utah State University Logan Utah.

Demonstrating disease impacts on the vital rates of free-ranging mammalian hosts typically requires intensive, long-term study. Evidence for chronic pathogens affecting reproduction but not survival is rare, but has the potential for wide-ranging effects. Accurately quantifying disease-associated reductions in fecundity is important for advancing theory, generating accurate predictive models, and achieving effective management. Read More

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November 2018

Maternal age effects on fecundity and offspring egg-to-adult viability are not affected by mitochondrial haplotype.

Ecol Evol 2018 Nov 18;8(22):10722-10732. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

School of Biological Sciences Monash University Clayton Victoria Australia.

While numerous studies have demonstrated that mitochondrial genetic variation can shape organismal phenotype, the level of contribution the mitochondrial genotype makes to life-history phenotype across the life course remains unknown. Furthermore, a clear technical bias has emerged in studies of mitochondrial effects on reproduction, with many studies conducted on males, but few on females. Here, we apply a classic prediction of the evolutionary theory of aging to the mitochondrial genome, predicting the declining force of natural selection with age will have facilitated the accumulation of mtDNA mutations that confer late-life effects on female reproductive performance. Read More

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November 2018

Targeting myomiRs by tocotrienol-rich fraction to promote myoblast differentiation.

Genes Nutr 2018 29;13:31. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Level 17, Preclinical Building, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre (UKMMC), Jalan Yaakob Latif, Bandar Tun Razak, Cheras, 56000 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Background: Several muscle-specific microRNAs (myomiRs) are differentially expressed during cellular senescence. However, the role of dietary compounds on myomiRs remains elusive. This study aimed to elucidate the modulatory role of tocotrienol-rich fraction (TRF) on myomiRs and myogenic genes during differentiation of human myoblasts. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

A two-step strategy for identification of plasma protein biomarkers for endometrial and ovarian cancer.

Clin Proteomics 2018 1;15:38. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

1Department of Immunology, Genetics, and Pathology, Biomedical Center, Science for Life Laboratory (SciLifeLab) Uppsala, Uppsala University, Box 815, 75108 Uppsala, Sweden.

Background: Over 500,000 women worldwide are diagnosed with ovarian or endometrial cancer each year. We have used a two-step strategy to identify plasma proteins that could be used to improve the diagnosis of women with an indication of gynecologic tumor and in population screening.

Methods: In the discovery step we screened 441 proteins in plasma using the proximity extension assay (PEA) and five Olink Multiplex assays (CVD II, CVD III, INF I, ONC II, NEU I) in women with ovarian cancer (n = 106), endometrial cancer (n = 74), benign ovarian tumors (n = 150) and healthy population controls (n = 399). Read More

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December 2018

Long noncoding RNA H19 mediated the chemosensitivity of breast cancer cells via Wnt pathway and EMT process.

Onco Targets Ther 2018 9;11:8001-8012. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Department of Internal Medicine,

Background: Breast cancer is still one of the major public health burdens worldwide, although there is tremendous progress in early diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer. Tamoxifen was one of the most popular endocrine therapies for early-stage estrogen receptor (ER) + breast cancer patients. However, a high incidence of drug resistance develops along with poor prognosis in breast cancer. Read More

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November 2018

Risankizumab: an anti-IL-23 antibody for the treatment of psoriasis.

Drug Des Devel Ther 2018 12;12:3879-3883. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Department of Dermatology, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA,

Risankizumab, a fully human IgG monoclonal antibody inhibitor of IL-23, is a therapeutic agent currently in late stage development for use in the treatment of moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis. It is a biologic agent similar to guselkumab and tildrakizumab which targets IL-23 specifically, and has been primarily developed for use in moderate-to-severe psoriasis. USA-based pharmaceutical company Abbvie submitted it for a Biologics License Application to the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in April 2018. Read More

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November 2018

Predictors of stent thrombosis and their implications for clinical practice.

Nat Rev Cardiol 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Kardiologie I, Zentrum für Kardiologie, University Medical Center Mainz and DZHK Standort Rhein-Main, Mainz, Germany.

Stent thrombosis (ST) is a rare but severe complication of coronary procedures with high mortality, high relapse rate and a very complex pathophysiology. An individual's susceptibility to ST is multifactorial and results from interactions between clinical factors, endothelial biology, hypersensitivity and/or inflammatory reactions, blood rheology, platelet reactivity, clotting factors, physical and mechanical properties of the stent and from the effects of these different factors on the fluid dynamics of blood flow. Since the introduction of stents 32 years ago, continuous improvements in our understanding of the pathophysiology of ST have triggered important advances, including new therapies, new technologies and an increased awareness of the implications of implantation techniques. Read More

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December 2018

Stable factor structure of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale during the whole peripartum period: Results from a Japanese prospective cohort study.

Sci Rep 2018 Dec 5;8(1):17659. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Psychiatry, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Aichi, Japan.

Early detection of perinatal depression is an urgent issue. Our study aimed to examine the construct validity and factor structure of the Japanese version of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) from a prospective cohort study from pregnancy to postpartum. A total of 1075 women completed all items of the EPDS at four time points: early pregnancy, late pregnancy, 5 days postpartum and 1 month postpartum. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

The spatial distribution pattern of Connexin26 expression in supporting cells and its role in outer hair cell survival.

Cell Death Dis 2018 Dec 5;9(12):1180. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 430022, Wuhan, China.

Mutations in the GJB2 gene (which encodes Connexin26 (Cx26)) account for about a quarter of all cases of non-syndromic deafness. Previous studies have indicated that knockout (KO) of Gjb2 gene during early postnatal days can cause outer hair cell (OHC) loss in mouse models. However, the postnatal spatial distribution pattern of Cx26 in different types of supporting cells (SCs) and the role of such distributions for the survival of OHCs is still obscure. Read More

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December 2018