19,784 results match your criteria Laryngoscope[Journal]


Lack of Sphenoid Pneumatization Does Not Affect Endoscopic Endonasal Pediatric Skull Base Surgery Outcomes.

Laryngoscope 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Objectives/hypothesis: Currently, due to the rarity of pathology, there are limited data surrounding outcomes of pediatric skull base surgery. Traditionally, surgeons have proceeded with caution when electing endonasal endoscopic transsellar/transplanum approaches to the skull base in pediatric patients due to poor sphenoid pneumatization. In this study, we review outcomes of endoscopic pediatric skull base surgery based on sphenoid pneumatization patterns. Read More

View Article
December 2018
1 Read

The effect of poly-p-dioxanone plates on the protection and vitality of cartilage: An animal study.

Laryngoscope 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Harran University, Sanliurfa, Turkey.

Objectives/hypothesis: In septorhinoplasty, septal, auricular, and costal cartilage are often used as autologous graft. Autologous grafts are preferred in nasal reconstruction. The aim of this study was to histopathologically examine the tissue compatibility and the effect on the stability and cartilage vitality of poly-p-dioxanone (PDS) plates. Read More

View Article
December 2018

When Should Pediatric Septoplasty Be Performed for Nasal Airway Obstruction?

Laryngoscope 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Otology and Laryngology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.

View Article
December 2018
2 Reads

Vertical head impulse and caloric are complementary but react opposite to Meniere's disease hydrops.

Laryngoscope 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Otolaryngology, University of Tokushima School of Medicine, Tokushima, Japan.

Objectives/hypothesis: Meniere's disease (MD) patients can show normal head impulses despite poor caloric test results. This study aimed to investigate the discrepancy in the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) in MD patients and whether endolymphatic hydrops (EH) influence the VOR.

Study Design: Prospective, cross-sectional observational study. Read More

View Article
December 2018
1 Read

Imaging predictors for malignant transformation of inverted papilloma.

Laryngoscope 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Stanford, California.

Objectives/hypothesis: Inverted papillomas (IPs) are benign tumors of the sinonasal tract with a malignant transformation potential. Predicting the transformation propensity of IPs and corresponding risk factors has long been a challenge. In this study, we aimed to use radiographic findings on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) to help differentiate IP from IP-transformed squamous cell carcinomas (IP-SCC). Read More

View Article
December 2018
2 Reads

Differences in video head impulse test gains from right versus left or outward versus inward head impulses.

Laryngoscope 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Objective: To investigate the effect of the right/left and outward/inward head impulses on video head impulse test (vHIT) gains.

Methods: Video head impulse test gains were calculated by recording the right eye movements with an infrared camera in a cohort of 24 healthy subjects (26-39 years old, 30 ± 9 years old). We compared the vHIT gains in four different situations in which the right and left lateral semicircular canals (LSCC) were stimulated through outward or inward head impulses. Read More

View Article
December 2018
1 Read

Use of bovine pericardium for the treatment of anterior iatrogenic glottic web.

Laryngoscope 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Ear, Nose, and Throat Department, Valencia University General Hospital and Valencia Medical School, Valencia, Spain.

View Article
December 2018
1 Read

Is acupuncture effective in reducing overall symptomatology in chronic rhinosinusitis?

Laryngoscope 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Dalhousie Medicine New Brunswick, Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada.

View Article
December 2018

Predicting laryngeal exposure in microlaryngoscopy: External validation of the laryngoscore.

Laryngoscope 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

ENT Clinic, Head and Neck Department, Trieste, Italy.

Objectives: Optimal laryngeal exposure during transoral laryngeal surgery is fundamental. We aimed to evaluate the reliability of a recently proposed score (Laryngoscore) in predicting difficult laryngeal exposure (DLE) in an independent cohort of patients undergoing elective microlaryngoscopy. We also verified the relation between DLE, surgeon's expertise, and difficult intubation, and investigated possible areas for score improvement. Read More

View Article
December 2018

In Response to Accuracy and Reliability of the Flow Coupler in Postoperative Monitoring of Head and Neck Free Flaps.

Laryngoscope 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Surgery (Otolaryngology), Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut.

View Article
November 2018

In Response to To Image or Not to Image? A Cost-effectiveness Analysis of MRI for Patients With Asymmetric Sensorineural Hearing Loss.

Laryngoscope 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Cleveland Clinic-Abu Dhabi, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.

View Article
November 2018

Cartilage tympanoplasty combined with eustachian tube balloon dilatation in the treatment of adhesive otitis media.

Laryngoscope 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery , Sun Yat-Sen Memorial Hospital, and Institute of Hearing and Speech-Language Science, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China.

Objectives/hypothesis: To investigate the simultaneous application of cartilage tympanoplasty combined with eustachian tube (ET) balloon dilatation in the treatment of adhesive otitis media (AdOM).

Study Design: Multicenter, prospective, double-blind, randomized, controlled clinical trial.

Methods: Patients with AdOM were randomly divided into four groups: control group (conservative treatment), ET balloon dilatation (ETBD) group, cartilage tympanoplasty (CT) group, and cartilage tympanoplasty combined with ET balloon dilatation (ETBD+CT) group. Read More

View Article
November 2018

Cost comparison of treatment for oropharyngeal carcinoma.

Laryngoscope 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Otolaryngology, Division of Head and Neck Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, California, U.S.A.

Objectives/hypothesis: Based on current guidelines, surgical and nonsurgical therapies are viable frontline treatment for patients with locoregional oropharyngeal carcinoma (OPC). We sought to compare financial parameters between chemoradiation and transoral robotic surgery (TORS) in this patient population.

Study Design: Case-control study. Read More

View Article
November 2018

Discrimination of "hot potato voice" caused by upper airway obstruction utilizing a support vector machine.

Laryngoscope 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Otolaryngology , Tenri Hospital, Tenri, Nara, Japan.

Objectives/hypothesis: "Hot potato voice" (HPV) is a thick, muffled voice caused by pharyngeal or laryngeal diseases characterized by severe upper airway obstruction, including acute epiglottitis and peritonsillitis. To develop a method for determining upper-airway emergency based on this important vocal feature, we investigated the acoustic characteristics of HPV using a physical, articulatory speech synthesis model. The results of the simulation were then applied to design a computerized recognition framework using a mel-frequency cepstral coefficient domain support vector machine (SVM). Read More

View Article
November 2018
1 Read

SDHx gene detection and clinical Phenotypic analysis of multiple paraganglioma in the head and neck.

Laryngoscope 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, People's Republic of China.

Objectives: The goal of this study was to detect and explore the mechanisms of the succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) complex subunit-related gene mutations in cases of multiple paraganglioma (PGL) in the head and neck.

Methods: In Beijing Tongren Hospital (Capital Medical University, Beijing, People's Republic of China) between January 2013 and February 2017, 23 cases of head and neck multiple PGL were evaluated by genetic sequencing. From these cases, four hereditary families and 10 cases with sporadic occurrences were found. Read More

View Article
November 2018

When to replace legacy cochlear implants for technological upgrades: Indications and outcomes.

Laryngoscope 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina, U.S.A.

Objective: To determine indications, surgical efficacy, and audiologic outcomes of replacing Advanced Bionics Clarion C1.2 internal devices (Advanced Bionics, LLC, Valencia, CA) as a means of technology upgrade.

Study Design: Retrospective review, case series. Read More

View Article
November 2018
8 Reads

Correlating laryngoscopic appearance of laryngeal lesions with histopathology.

Authors:
Mursalin M Anis

Laryngoscope 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Coastal Ear, Nose and Throat, Neptune, New Jersey; and the Jersey Shore University Medical Center, Neptune, New Jersey, U.S.A.

Objectives/hypothesis: Meticulous scrutiny of laryngeal lesions with laryngoscopes and microscopes often identify angiogenic activity, one of the hallmarks of neoplastic and preneoplastic lesions. The aim of this study was to determine if there is an association between laryngoscopic appearance and histopathology of laryngeal lesions based on operative biopsies.

Study Design: Retrospective case-control study. Read More

View Article
November 2018

Vocal motor control and central auditory impairments in unilateral vocal fold paralysis.

Laryngoscope 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, California, U.S.A.

Objectives: To evaluate differences in vocal motor control and central auditory processing between treated unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP) and healthy control cohorts.

Study Design: Cross-sectional.

Methods: Ten UVFP study patients treated by type I thyroplasty with stable voices were compared to 12 control subjects for vocal motor control using a pitch perturbation response task and central auditory processing performance using a battery of complex sound intelligibility assays that included adverse temporal and noise conditions. Read More

View Article
November 2018
4 Reads

Automated Quantification of Vocal Fold Motion in a Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve Injury Mouse Model.

Laryngoscope 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery , University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri, U.S.A.

Objectives/hypothesis: The goal of this study was to objectively examine vocal fold (VF) motion dynamics after iatrogenic recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) injury in a mouse surgical model. Furthermore, we sought to identify a method of inducing injury with a consistent recovery pattern from which we can begin to evaluate spontaneous recovery and test therapeutic interventions.

Study Design: Animal model. Read More

View Article
November 2018
6 Reads

Antileukotrienes improve naso-ocular symptoms and biomarkers in patients with NARES and asthma.

Laryngoscope 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Rhinology Unit & Smell Clinic, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Hospital Clinic, IDIBAPS, Universitat de Barcelona, CIBERES Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.

Objective: The aim of our study was to analyze the montelukast effectiveness in improving oculonasal symptoms, patient-reported outcomes (PROs), and eosinophilic biomarkers in patients with nonallergic rhinitis eosinophilic syndrome (NARES).

Methods: We enrolled prospectively 80 symptomatic patients treated with 10 mg once a day of montelukast in monotherapy for 2 months. All patients were investigated before and after treatment. Read More

View Article
November 2018
1 Read

Smartphone telemedical emergency department consults for screening of nonacute dizziness.

Laryngoscope 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Otolaryngology, University of Connecticut School of Medicine, Farmington, Connecticut, U.S.A.

Objectives/hypothesis: Each year, the United States spends over $4 billion on emergency department visits for evaluation of dizziness. Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is a common cause of dizziness that can easily be diagnosed by observing characteristic eye movements during the Dix-Hallpike test (DHT). The DHT is easily performed; however, interpretation requires more advanced training. Read More

View Article
November 2018
1 Read

Surgery of the major salivary glands and its impact on salivary flow-A review.

Laryngoscope 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

the Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Plastic, Aesthetic, and Reconstructive Head and Neck Surgery , University Hospital Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany.

Objective: The aim of this study was to bring attention to a rather unnoted side effect of salivary gland surgery-reduced salivary flow.

Methods: A systematic PubMed, Cochrane Library, LIVIVO, and Embase databases search was performed to identify relevant articles.

Results: Eight studies matched the inclusion criteria. Read More

View Article
November 2018
7 Reads

Isolated Paresis of Laryngeal Adduction: What Are the Laryngoscopic and Stroboscopic Findings?

Laryngoscope 2018 Nov 25. Epub 2018 Nov 25.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, School of Medicine, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil.

Objectives/hypothesis: This study aimed to describe the videolaryngostroboscopic (VLS) findings in a cohort of patients with isolated paresis of laryngeal adduction and identify predictive variables that may be related to voice recovery.

Study Design: Chart review and VLS analysis of dysphonic patients diagnosed with isolated paresis of laryngeal adduction by laryngeal electromyography (LEMG).

Methods: Demographic, clinical, VLS, and LEMG findings were analyzed according to the outcome of dysphonia. Read More

View Article
November 2018
4 Reads

The shifting relationship between weight and pediatric obstructive sleep apnea: A historical review.

Laryngoscope 2018 Nov 25. Epub 2018 Nov 25.

Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts.

Objectives: For more than a century, pediatric obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) was associated with failure to thrive. However, that association has faded over the last few decades. A 21st century child with OSA is much more likely to be overweight than underweight. Read More

View Article
November 2018
2 Reads

Ergonomic hazards in otolaryngology.

Laryngoscope 2018 Nov 25. Epub 2018 Nov 25.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Stanford Health Care and Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, U.S.A.

Objectives/hypothesis: To evaluate the presence of postural-related strain and musculoskeletal discomfort, along with the level of ergonomics training and the availability of ergonomic equipment among otolaryngology surgeons.

Study Design: Intraoperative observations and survey study.

Methods: Using the Rapid Entire Body Assessment score system to identify ergonomic hazards, we conducted intraoperative observations assessing operating room personnel during different otolaryngological subspecialty procedures. Read More

View Article
November 2018
1 Read

Presentation and eustachian tube function test results in children evaluated at a specialty clinic.

Laryngoscope 2018 Nov 25. Epub 2018 Nov 25.

Department of Otolaryngology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Objectives/hypothesis: Interest in eustachian tube (ET) dysfunction (ETD) has increased with the recent Food and Drug Administration approval of a new device for balloon dilation of the ET (BDET) in adults. However, children have been receiving BDET treatment with ET-specific or sinus balloons around the world and off-label in the United States for years. It is important, therefore, to understand the manifestations of and methods to verify ETD in children. Read More

View Article
November 2018
3 Reads

The effects of cryotherapy on vocal fold healing in a rabbit model.

Laryngoscope 2018 Nov 23. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Eye, Ear, Nose, and Throat Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

Objectives/hypothesis: Cryotherapy has been shown to be a scarless treatment modality for dermal lesions; however, there are limited data addressing the effect of cryotherapy on vocal fold tissue. The aim of this study was to clarify the effectiveness of cryotherapy for prevention of postsurgical vocal fold scarring.

Study Design: Prospective animal study in rabbits. Read More

View Article
November 2018
9 Reads

Do steroids improve recovery in vestibular neuritis?

Laryngoscope 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, U.S.A.

View Article
November 2018
10 Reads

Analysis of patient factors associated with 30-day mortality after tracheostomy.

Laryngoscope 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Otolaryngology, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, Michigan, U.S.A.

Objective: Mortality has been reported to be 22% to 45% in patients with a tracheostomy. To better counsel patients and families, we aimed to determine the effect of body mass index (BMI), socioeconomic status (SES), and the 17 conditions of the Charlson comorbidity index (CCI) on 30-day survival posttracheostomy.

Methods: This retrospective cohort study identified adult patients enrolled from our institution in the Global Tracheostomy Collaborative database from March 2014 to June 2015. Read More

View Article
November 2018
2 Reads

Physician impact on the patient and family experience in a pediatric otolaryngology practice.

Laryngoscope 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Surgery, Division of Otolaryngology, Nemours Children's Health System, Jacksonville, Florida, U.S.A.

Objective: On the Press Ganey (PG) survey, the item "likelihood of recommending practice" is a proxy for patient satisfaction because only the most satisfied patients will recommend a practice to friends and family. The objective of this study is to determine which other items on the PG survey best correlate with "likelihood of recommending practice" as a measure of patient satisfaction in pediatric otolaryngology.

Study Design: Retrospective analysis of a survey database. Read More

View Article
November 2018
8 Reads

Medialization laryngoplasty/arytenoid adduction: U.S. outcomes, discharge status, and utilization trends.

Laryngoscope 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Mayo Clinic.

Objectives/hypothesis: To evaluate trends, outcomes, and healthcare utilization following medialization laryngoplasty (ML) with or without arytenoid adduction (AA) over 10 years.

Study Design: Retrospective observational study.

Methods: Using OptumLabs Data Warehouse, trends, outcomes, and healthcare utilization from 2006 to 2015 were examined with a focus on discharge type (same day or not). Read More

View Article
November 2018
7 Reads

Acute inflammatory response to contrast agent aspiration and its mechanisms in the rat lung.

Laryngoscope 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Otolaryngology, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.

Objectives/hypothesis: Contrast agent (CA) aspiration is an established complication of upper gastrointestinal and videofluoroscopic swallow studies. The underlying molecular biological mechanisms of acute response to CA aspiration in the respiratory organs remain unclear. The aims of this study were to elucidate the histological and biological influences of three kinds of CAs on the lung and to clarify the differences in acute responses. Read More

View Article
November 2018
3 Reads

Solving periprosthetic leakage with a novel prosthetic device.

Laryngoscope 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Head and Neck Oncology and Surgery, The Netherlands Cancer Institute, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

View Article
November 2018
4 Reads

Validation of a septoplasty deformity grading system for the evaluation of nasal obstruction.

Laryngoscope 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Irvine, California, U.S.A.

Objectives/hypothesis: We developed and validated a septal deformity grading (SDG) system that accounts for anatomic location and grading of deformity severity.

Study Design: Retrospective cohort study.

Methods: Subjects were patients with nasal obstruction presenting to University of California, Irvine Medical Center. Read More

View Article
November 2018
1 Read

Should the Contralateral Tonsil Be Removed in Cases of HPV-Positive Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Tonsil?

Laryngoscope 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Head and Neck Surgery, David Geffen School of Medicine at University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA).

View Article
November 2018
2 Reads

Over-under versus medial tympanoplasty: Comparison of benefit, success, and hearing results.

Laryngoscope 2018 Nov 21. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Michigan Ear Institute, St. John Providence Hospital and Medical Centers, Novi, Michigan.

Objectives/hypothesis: A hybrid variation of a tympanoplasty technique, termed over-under tympanoplasty (OUT), was evaluated to demonstrate the long-term outcomes and complications compared to medial tympanoplasty.

Study Design: Retrospective review.

Methods: Patients who underwent a tympanoplasty between 2010 and 2015 were included. Read More

View Article
November 2018
7 Reads

Progression of hearing loss in neurofibromatosis type 2 according to genetic severity.

Laryngoscope 2018 Nov 19. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Oxford NF2 Unit, Neurosciences, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Objectives/hypothesis: This study set out to describe the progression of hearing loss in patients with neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2), treated in a quaternary multidisciplinary clinic. It also aimed to compare hearing loss across patients grouped according to a known genetic severity score to explore its utility for prognostication.

Study Design: Retrospective cohort study. Read More

View Article
November 2018
6 Reads

Novel approach using transoral robotic surgery for resection of cervical spine chordoma.

Laryngoscope 2018 Nov 19. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery.

Chordomas are rare, infiltrative neoplasms of notochordal origin that present along the spinal canal; en bloc surgical resection is paramount to successful treatment. Limited visualization and complex anatomy are major challenges to resection of upper cervical spine chordomas and often require invasive surgery. A 27-year-old male presented with an incidentally discovered chordoma of the midline second cervical vertebra of the spine. Read More

View Article
November 2018
7 Reads

Using word clouds to Re-envision letters of recommendation for residency applicants.

Laryngoscope 2018 Nov 19. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas, U.S.A.

Objectives/hypothesis: To develop a "word cloud"-based visual letter of recommendation (VLOR) and to evaluate its efficiency in discerning applicant quality compared to narrative letters of recommendation (NLORs).

Study Design: Cross-sectional cohort study.

Methods: NLORs for 48 otolaryngology residency applicants interviewed from the 2016 application cycle were identified and mined for descriptive terms to generate a word cloud, referred to as a VLOR. Read More

View Article
November 2018
4 Reads
2.030 Impact Factor

Airway anomalies in patients with craniosynostosis.

Laryngoscope 2018 Nov 19. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Department of Otolaryngology, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.A.

Objectives: 1) Characterize the spectrum of airway anomalies in patients with craniosynostosis, and 2) identify clinical characteristics of these patients that may be associated with the development of airway anomalies.

Methods: This study is a retrospective case series assessing the type and frequency of airway anomalies in all patients with craniosynostosis seen at a tertiary-care children's hospital between 2000 and 2016. Cohort analyses were then performed to identify differences in airway anomalies dependent on syndromic associations, multisutural fusion, and location of suture fusion. Read More

View Article
November 2018
3 Reads

Can Pharyngeal Packing Prevent Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting in Nasal Surgery?

Laryngoscope 2018 Nov 19. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Objectives: We aimed to perform a meta-analysis for the efficacy of pharyngeal packing during nasal surgery in the prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV).

Data Sources: MEDLINE, SCOPUS, and the Cochrane database.

Methods: Two authors independently searched the databases for relevant studies from inception to October 2017. Read More

View Article
November 2018
10 Reads

Nimodipine improves vocal fold and facial motion recovery after injury: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Laryngoscope 2018 Nov 19. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

UCSF Voice and Swallowing Center, Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, U.S.A.

Introduction: Nimodipine is a calcium channel blocker that has been used to treat hypertension and vasospasm. Emerging evidence in the literature suggests that it is neuroprotective by reducing cellular apoptosis after neuronal injury and promoting axonal sprouting at the nodes of Ranvier.

Objectives: To conduct a systematic review of the usage of nimodipine in cranial nerve injury and to perform a meta-analysis to estimate the efficacy of nimodipine on functional recovery of the injured cranial nerves. Read More

View Article
November 2018
6 Reads

Characterization of aged rat vocal fold fibroblasts.

Laryngoscope 2018 Nov 19. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.

Objectives/hypothesis: To elucidate the aging physiology of the vocal folds, we examined the characters of aged vocal fold fibroblasts (VFFs) in various conditions.

Study Design: In vitro study.

Methods: VFFs from young (12-week-old) and aged (19-month-old) Sprague-Dawley rats were compared. Read More

View Article
November 2018
2 Reads

Pediatricians' proficiency in the care of the dysphonic child.

Laryngoscope 2018 Nov 19. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Department of Otolaryngology, Columbia University Voice and Swallowing Institute, New York, New York.

Objectives/hypothesis: Pediatricians are the first physicians to see a dysphonic child (DC), yet there are limited data on their proficiency in caring for them. The objective of this study was to understand how pediatricians' experience and their comfort in recognizing/diagnosing voice disorders affects their referral patterns and use of basic treatment options.

Study Design: Survey study. Read More

View Article
November 2018
3 Reads

Changing trends in management of vestibular schwannoma: A National Cancer Database study.

Laryngoscope 2018 Nov 19. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Newark, New Jersey.

Objective: To describe changes in management trends of vestibular schwannoma (VS) and the effects of median income, education level, insurance status, and tumor size on receipt of treatment.

Methods: Cross-sectional analysis using the National Cancer Database from 2004 to 2014. All patients with a diagnosis of VS were identified between 2004 and 2014. Read More

View Article
November 2018
6 Reads

Mucocele formation following laryngeal cleft injection.

Laryngoscope 2018 Nov 19. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee, U.S.A.

A 12-month-old male underwent injection laryngoplasty for dysphagia associated with a deep interarytenoid notch. He subsequently developed a large postcricoid mucocele requiring revision surgery and marsupialization of the cyst just 2 weeks following the initial surgery. Laryngoscope, 2018. Read More

View Article
November 2018
1 Read

Voice outcomes after endoscopic sinus surgery in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis.

Laryngoscope 2018 Nov 19. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Sinus and Nasal Specialists of Louisiana, Baton Rouge, Louisiana.

Objectives/hypothesis: The purpose of this study was to assess voice outcomes after endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis (CRSwNP).

Study Design: Individual cohort study.

Methods: A study was performed of patients with CRSwNP who underwent ESS from July 2015 to May 2016 at a tertiary referral medical center. Read More

View Article
November 2018
1 Read

Osteoradionecrosis of the sternoclavicular joint after laryngopharyngeal radiation.

Laryngoscope 2018 Nov 19. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

SUNY Downstate Medical Center, New York, New York, U.S.A.

Objectives: Adequate treatment of laryngopharyngeal malignancy often incorporates radiation therapy. Structures surrounding laryngopharynx exposed to traditional radiation doses are susceptible to posttreatment toxicity. Among poorly understood sequelae is the rare manifestation of sternoclavicular joint (SCJ) osteoradionecrosis (ORN). Read More

View Article
November 2018
9 Reads

Mortality associated with tracheostomy complications in the United States: 2007-2016.

Laryngoscope 2018 Nov 19. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, U.S.A.

Objectives/hypothesis: To investigate patterns of tracheostomy-associated death in the United States.

Study Design: Retrospective database review.

Methods: We used Multiple Cause-of-Death data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to determine cumulative national mortality associated with tracheostomy complications in the United States from 2007 to 2016. Read More

View Article
November 2018
13 Reads

Endoscopic endonasal resection of adenoid cystic carcinoma of the sinonasal tract and skull base.

Laryngoscope 2018 Nov 19. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Department of Biotechnology and Life Sciences, Varese, Italy.

Objectives: Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) is a locally aggressive salivary gland malignancy prone to perineural invasion and local recurrences. In the literature, few data exist to guide treatment when this tumor involves the paranasal sinuses and skull base. We report our experience in the management of sinonasal adenoid cystic carcinoma through an endoscopic endonasal approach. Read More

View Article
November 2018
2 Reads