5,316 results match your criteria Laparoscopic Gastric Bypass


Five-Year Weight Loss Outcomes in Laparoscopic Vertical Sleeve Gastrectomy (LVSG) Versus Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (LRYGB) Procedures: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.

Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech 2020 Jul 10. Epub 2020 Jul 10.

School of Sciences, International Centre for Applied Climate Sciences and Centre for Health, Informatics, and Economic Research, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba.

Background: Laparoscopic vertical sleeve gastrectomy (LVSG) has overtaken the laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) as the most frequently performed bariatric surgical procedure. To date little has been reported on the long-term outcomes of the LVSG procedure comparative to the traditionally favoured LRYGB. We undertook a systematic review and meta-analysis to review the 5-year outcomes of comparing LVSG and LRYGB. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SLE.0000000000000834DOI Listing

Comparison of operating room inefficiencies and time variability in laparoscopic gastric bypass.

Surg Obes Relat Dis 2020 May 11. Epub 2020 May 11.

Department of Surgery, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana.

Background: Improving operating room (OR) inefficiencies has financial and operational ramifications. However, their incidence has not been systematically studied, especially in bariatric surgery.

Objectives: The study aimed to identify the operational inefficiencies of the laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) procedure, specify the steps of the procedure, and investigate whether the inefficiencies are related to case-by-case variability, using a surgical application. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soard.2020.04.046DOI Listing

A Systems Biology approach to understand gut microbiota and host metabolism in morbid obesity: design of the BARIA Longitudinal Cohort Study.

J Intern Med 2020 Jul 8. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Department of Vascular Medicine, Amsterdam UMC, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Prevalence of obesity and associated diseases, including type 2 diabetes mellitus, dyslipidaemia and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), are increasing. Underlying mechanisms, especially in humans, are unclear. Bariatric surgery provides the unique opportunity to obtain biopsies and portal vein blood-samples. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/joim.13157DOI Listing

Safety and effectiveness of laparoscopic Y-en-Roux gastric bypass surgery in obese elderly patients.

Acta Cir Bras 2020 6;35(6):e202000606. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Department of Pulmonology, Hôpital Arnaud de Villeneuve, University Hospital of Montpellier, Paris, France.

Purpose To analyze, in aged obese patients, the weight loss, comorbidity control, and safety postoperative complications of bariatric surgery by Roux-en-Y gastric bypass technique. Methods Twenty-seven patients who underwent laparoscopic weight-reducing gastroplasty with Roux-en-Y gastric bypass to treat obesity were included. All patients were ≥ 60 years old at the time of surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s0102-865020200060000006DOI Listing

Predictors of postoperative emergency department visits after laparoscopic bariatric surgery.

Surg Obes Relat Dis 2020 May 28. Epub 2020 May 28.

Department of Surgery, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, Michigan.

Background: Postoperative emergency department (ED) visits are a quality metric for bariatric surgical programs. Predictive factors of ED visits that do not result in readmission are not clear.

Objectives: We aimed to identify predictors of ED visits in patients without readmission after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) and laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soard.2020.05.023DOI Listing

Insurance-Related Delay in Access to Bariatric Surgery, Is It Helpful as Is Thought?

Obes Surg 2020 Jul 3. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

General and Bariatric Surgeon, Sanatorio Allende of Córdoba, 5749 Pedro Simon Laplace st, 5000, Villa Belgrano, Córdoba, Argentina.

Background: In Argentina, health insurances demand a 24-month duration preoperative weight loss program (POWLP) before bariatric surgery. It is unknown whether it enhances weight loss before or after surgery, or even if it is related to comorbidity remission. The main objective of this study was to determine its effectiveness and reliability. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11695-020-04794-9DOI Listing

Stapling Through a Bougie During Sleeve Gastrectomy in a Superobese Patient-a Video Vignette.

Obes Surg 2020 Jul 2. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Division of General Surgery, Department of Surgery, Vienna Medical University, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, 1090, Vienna, Austria.

Purpose: Bariatric-metabolic surgery in superobese patients (BMI > 50 kg/m) is very challenging indeed with little room for error. In many cases, a two-step procedure is required, since more complex primary bariatric procedures can be technically demanding and bearing a relevant risk for the patient. At our institution, laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (SG) is the preferred primary procedure, followed by a conversion to either SADI-S or Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) after initial weight loss is achieved [1, 2]. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11695-020-04790-zDOI Listing

Really Totally Robotic SADI-S in a Patient with Extreme Morbid Obesity and Non-Reducible Umbilical Hernia: Case Report.

Obes Surg 2020 Jul 2. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Endocrine, Metabolic and Bariatric Unit, General Surgery Department, Germans Trias i Pujol Hospital, Ctra de Canyet s/n, 08916, Badalona, Barcelona, Spain.

Background: Single anastomosis duodenoileal bypass with sleeve gastrectomy (SADI-s) is a well-known and accepted technique for extreme obesity but technically challenging in this group of patients and so frequently is performed as a laparoscopic staged procedure. Robotic devices such as Da Vinci® system may solve some limitations of laparoscopic surgery. The video shows a really totally robotic SADI-s (RTR-SADI-s) in a single stage on a patient with extreme morbid obesity and a non-reducible umbilical hernia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11695-020-04802-yDOI Listing

EUS-directed transgastric endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography versus laparoscopic-assisted ERCP versus deep enteroscopy-assisted ERCP for patients with RYGB.

Endosc Int Open 2020 Jul 16;8(7):E877-E882. Epub 2020 Jun 16.

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Allegheny Health Network, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States.

 Endoscopic ultrasound-directed transgastric endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) (EDGE) is a novel technique for managing pancreaticobiliary diseases in patients with a history of Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (RYGB). It has shown to have high technical success rates and fewer adverse events as compared to laparoscopic-assisted ERCP (LA-ERCP). We compared the technical success and clinical outcomes of EDGE vs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-1164-6282DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7297604PMC

Bariatric Surgery and the Mechanisms of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease.

J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A 2020 Jul 2. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

CHU de Montpellier, Montpellier, France.

The association between obesity and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is very well known and the pathophysiology of GERD is not completely understood but is likely to have a multifactorial nature especially after bariatric procedures. The current editorial summarizes the principal mechanisms involved in the reflux disease following different bariatric procedures. Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding could reduce the gastroesophageal reflux in the short term in some cases, but overeating will inevitably lead to enlargement of the pouch with loss of its antireflux properties. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/lap.2020.0323DOI Listing

Laparoscopic resection of intussusception after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass: comparison between the conventional and a simplified approach.

Surg Obes Relat Dis 2020 May 23. Epub 2020 May 23.

Department of Surgery, University of California San Francisco, Fresno, California; Advanced Laparoscopic Surgery Associates, Fresno, California.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soard.2020.05.006DOI Listing

Percutaneous Image-Guided Surgery in Complications After Bariatric Surgery.

J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A 2020 Jun 29. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

DAICIM Foundation, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Although bariatric surgery is a standardized procedure, it is not without complications. Image-guided surgery allows minimally invasive resolution of complications, making it ideal for bariatric patients. The objective of this work was to analyze the image-guided surgery approach to postoperative complications of bariatric surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/lap.2020.0410DOI Listing

Outcomes in Bariatric and Metabolic Surgery: an Updated 5-Year Review.

Curr Obes Rep 2020 Jun 30. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Ira A. Fulton Chair in Bariatric Surgery and Metabolic Disorders, Institute for Obesity and Metabolic Disorders, Banner University Medical Center - Phoenix, University of Arizona, 1441 N 12th Street, 1st floor, Phoenix, AZ, 85006, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Knowledge regarding postoperative outcomes after bariatric and metabolic surgery continues to evolve. This review highlights key findings in outcomes research over the last 5 years related to weight loss, remission of obesity-related disease, reflux, revisional surgery, robotic-assisted surgical platforms, and adolescent populations.

Recent Findings: Sleeve gastrectomy (SG) and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) produce similar weight loss patterns at 5 years, while duodenal switch (BPD/DS) and related procedures are associated with maximal weight loss overall and optimal resolution of obesity-related comorbidities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13679-020-00389-8DOI Listing

Retrograde Intussusception after Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass.

Cureus 2020 Jun 25;12(6):e8825. Epub 2020 Jun 25.

Anesthesiology, Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical College & General Hospital, Mumbai, IND.

Retrograde intussusception (RI), although relatively uncommon, has been increasingly seen in adults post Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery. The exact mechanism for its occurrence remains unknown but several theories have attributed it to bowel persialtic dysmotility. The increase in bariatric surgery over the last decade has resulted in a proportionate increase in the number of cases of intussusception seen globally. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.8825DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7320641PMC

Laparoscopic-assisted Esophageal Bypass for T4b Esophageal Tumor as a Bridge to Definitive Therapy.

In Vivo 2020 Jul-Aug;34(4):2163-2168

First Department of Surgery, Upper Gastrointestinal and General Surgery Unit, Laiko General Hospital, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece.

Background/aim: Esophagobronchial fistula is a common complication of advanced esophageal cancer, related to respiratory distress and mortality. Esophageal bypass has been successfully utilized for palliation, as bridging to definitive chemoradiotherapy. The aim of this study is to present an extremely difficult case of a mid-esophageal squamous cell carcinoma complicated with aerodigestive fistula that was treated using 3D laparoscopic-assisted esophageal bypass with curative intent. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21873/invivo.12024DOI Listing
January 2020

Bariatric surgery outcomes: is age just a number?

Surg Endosc 2020 Jun 29. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Section of Minimally Invasive and Bariatric Surgery, Department of Surgery, Indiana University School of Medicine Indiana, 11725 N Illinois St, Suite 350, Carmel, Indianapolis, IN, 46032, USA.

Introduction: Obesity and its associated comorbidities represent a pervasive problem in the United States across all age groups. There are conflicting data regarding the effectiveness and postoperative recovery of bariatric surgery in elderly patients. The aim of this study was to compare outcomes of bariatric surgery across age groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00464-020-07752-9DOI Listing

Randomised, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial to investigate the role of laparoscopic transversus abdominis plane block in gastric bypass surgery: a study protocol.

BMJ Open 2020 Jun 28;10(6):e025818. Epub 2020 Jun 28.

Department of Surgery, The Ottawa Hospital, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

Introduction: Evaluating the efficacy of a laparoscopically guided, surgical transversus abdominis plane (TAP) and rectus sheath (RS) block in reducing analgesic consumption while improving functional outcomes in patients undergoing laparoscopic bariatric surgery.

Methods: 150 patients Living with obesity undergoing elective laparoscopic Roux-En-Y gastric bypass for obesity will be recruited to this double-blinded, placebo-controlled randomised controlled trial from a Bariatric Centre of Excellence over a period of 6 months. Patients will be electronically randomised on a 1:1 basis to either an intervention or placebo group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-025818DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7322332PMC

Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy Versus Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass in Elderly Bariatric Patients: Safety and Efficacy-a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Obes Surg 2020 Jun 27. Epub 2020 Jun 27.

North Tees and Hartlepool NHS Foundation Trust, Stockton on Tees, UK.

Introduction: Obesity is a chronic disease due to excess fat storage, a genetic predisposition, and environmental contribution where surgery offers a viable treatment option. The surgical treatment of obesity in the elderly population (> 55 years) remains controversial.

Purpose: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) and laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) in elderly bariatric patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11695-020-04819-3DOI Listing

Surgical Management of Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth After Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass.

Obes Surg 2020 Jun 27. Epub 2020 Jun 27.

Université Côte d'Azur, Nice, France.

Introduction: Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) is a common adverse effect after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) and may be responsible for chronic diarrhea, abdominal pain, and discomfort. Although its pathophysiology is still unclear, surgical management may be appropriate in selected cases.

Methods: In this video, we present a surgical revision of LRYGB, 12 years after the initial surgery, for late postoperative chronic diarrhea. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11695-020-04809-5DOI Listing

The Role of Ursodeoxycholic Acid (UDCA) in Cholelithiasis Management After One Anastomosis Gastric Bypass (OAGB) for Morbid Obesity: Results of a Monocentric Randomized Controlled Trial.

Obes Surg 2020 Jun 24. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

Division of General, Mininvasive and Bariatric Surgery, University of Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli", Naples, Italy.

Introduction: Bariatric surgery leads to rapid weight loss, a well-known risk factor for gallstone formation. Postoperative biliary complication rate requiring cholecystectomy is between 0.9 and 7. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11695-020-04801-zDOI Listing

Laparoscopic Management of Internal Hernia After One Anastomosis Gastric Bypass (OAGB).

Obes Surg 2020 Jun 24. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

Department of Surgery, Bariatric and Metabolic Surgery Unit, Santa Maria Nuova Hospital, Piazza Santa Maria Nuova, 50122, Florence, Italy.

Among the advantages of the One Anastomosis Gastric Bypass (OAGB) are the lack of jejuno-jejunal anastomosis and a supposed lower incidence of internal hernia (IH), with only a few cases reported until now. However, the incidence of IH after OAGB is not null. We present a video of the laparoscopic management of an IH that occurred after an OAGB. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11695-020-04791-yDOI Listing

Five-year results after resleeve gastrectomy.

Surg Obes Relat Dis 2020 Apr 24. Epub 2020 Apr 24.

ELSAN, Clinique Saint Michel, Centre Chirurgical de l'Obesite, Toulon, France; ELSAN, Clinique Bouchard, Marseille, France. Electronic address:

Background: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has become increasingly popular in bariatric surgery. However, in the long-term follow-up, weight loss failure and intractable severe acid reflux after primary LSG can necessitate further interventions.

Objectives: The aim of our study was to evaluate long-term results 5 years after resleeve gastrectomy (ReSG). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soard.2020.04.021DOI Listing

Comparison of short-term outcomes following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in male and female patients using the MBSAQIP database.

Surg Obes Relat Dis 2020 May 11. Epub 2020 May 11.

Geisinger Medical Center, Danville, Pennsylvania. Electronic address:

Background: Male sex has long been identified as a risk factor for adverse outcomes, including mortality, after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB).

Objectives: The objective of this study was to compare short-term outcomes of patients undergoing laparoscopic RYGB based on biologic sex.

Setting: Geisinger Medical Center, Danville, PA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soard.2020.04.045DOI Listing

Safety and Efficacy of Bariatric Surgery in Inflammatory Bowel Disease Patients: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Obes Surg 2020 Jun 23. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, OH, USA.

Background: The safety and efficacy of bariatric surgery in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients is poorly understood. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis studying safety and efficacy of bariatric surgery in IBD patients as well as the impact of bariatric surgery on IBD course.

Methods: We conducted a comprehensive search of multiple databases (through September 2019) to identify studies that reported outcome of bariatric surgery in IBD patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11695-020-04729-4DOI Listing

Can surgical weight loss reduce the risk of developing coronary heart disease?

Surg Obes Relat Dis 2020 May 11. Epub 2020 May 11.

Department of General Surgery, Bariatric and Metabolic Institute, Cleveland Clinc Florida, Weston, Florida. Electronic address:

Background: Coronary heart disease (CHD) accounts for one third of all deaths in people older than 35 years in the United States.

Objectives: The aim of this study is to determine the impact of bariatric surgery, especially laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy, on the risk of developing CHD.

Setting: Academic, University affiliated hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soard.2020.04.043DOI Listing

Gastroesophageal reflux disease complicating laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy: current knowledge and surgical therapies.

Surg Obes Relat Dis 2020 May 4. Epub 2020 May 4.

Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Laboratory of Bariatric and Metabolic Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China; Department of General Surgery, Yaan People's Hospital, Yaan, China. Electronic address:

Background: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is currently the most commonly performed bariatric procedure worldwide. However, the incidence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) after LSG is high.

Objectives: The aim of this systematic review was to identify the optimal surgical strategy for treating GERD after LSG. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soard.2020.04.025DOI Listing

Laparoscopic Conversion of Sleeve Gastrectomy to One Anastomosis Gastric Bypass Due to Unresected Fundus and Weight Regain: Technical Considerations.

Obes Surg 2020 Jun 22. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

Department of Surgery A, Emek Medical Center, 21 Izhak Rabin Blvd, 1834111, Afula, Israel.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11695-020-04785-wDOI Listing
June 2020
3.747 Impact Factor

Comparison of early outcomes between Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy among patients with body mass index ≥ 60 kg/m.

Surg Endosc 2020 Jun 22. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

Department of Surgery, Henry Ford Hospital, 2799 W Grand Blvd, Detroit, MI, 48202, USA.

Background: There is no consensus on the ideal bariatric operation to choose for patients with extremely high body mass index (BMI). The aim of this study was to compare the perioperative complications, weight loss, and comorbidity remission between laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) among patients with BMI ≥ 60 kg/m.

Methods: Data from a statewide bariatric surgery registry were used to identify all patients with BMI ≥ 60 kg/m undergoing LRYGB or LSG between January 2006 and June 2019. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00464-020-07750-xDOI Listing

Sleeve Gastrectomy Combined with Nissen Fundoplication as a Single Surgical Procedure, Is It Really Safe? A Case Report.

Am J Case Rep 2020 Jun 23;21:e923543. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

Department of General Surgery, "M. Rubino" University Hospital Polyclinic of Bari, Bari, Italy.

BACKGROUND Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has become the most common surgical procedure performed in bariatric surgery. Large hiatal hernias and Barrett's esophagus are the only contraindications recognized among experts. However, some studies have suggested that LSG may exacerbated gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) symptoms or induce postoperative GERD de novo. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/AJCR.923543DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7327731PMC

A Step in the Right Direction: Trends over Time in Bariatric Procedures for Patients with Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease.

Obes Surg 2020 Jun 20. Epub 2020 Jun 20.

Division of Bariatric, Foregut, and Advanced Gastrointestinal Surgery, Department of Surgery, Renaissance School of Medicine, Health Sciences Center T18-040, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY, 11794-8191, USA.

Introduction: While laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has recently emerged as the predominant surgery type for the national bariatric cohort, the literature suggests that laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) may be more effective in normalizing gastroesophageal physiology for the subset of patients with GERD. This study explored practice patterns over time for patients with GERD or hiatal hernia, a related comorbidity, undergoing bariatric surgery.

Methods: Data for LSG and LRYGB were extracted from the Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Accreditation and Quality Improvement Program (MBSAQIP) datasets for 2015-2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11695-020-04776-xDOI Listing

Postobesity Surgery Esophageal Dysfunction: A Combined Cross-Sectional Prevalence Study and Retrospective Analysis.

Am J Gastroenterol 2020 Jun 11. Epub 2020 Jun 11.

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA.

Introduction: Esophageal dysmotility including features of achalasia may develop because of bariatric surgery. However, the prevalence of these complications is unknown. We sought to define the prevalence of dysphagia and major esophageal motility disorders including achalasia after bariatric surgery through a large retrospective database review. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14309/ajg.0000000000000733DOI Listing

Weight Regain After Gastric Plication: Reoperative Sleeve Gastrectomy or Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass?-Analysis of 116 Consecutive Cases.

Obes Surg 2020 Jun 17. Epub 2020 Jun 17.

Department of Minimally Invasive Surgery, Poissy Saint Germain Medical Center, 10 rue du Champ Gaillard, 78300, Poissy, France.

Purpose: In France, laparoscopic gastric plication (GP) has rarely been utilized as a weight loss procedure. Although relatively safe and efficient, its long-term results are still controversial. The goal of this study is to assess the indications and outcomes of revisional surgery post-GP. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11695-020-04767-yDOI Listing
June 2020
3.747 Impact Factor

Preoperative Opioid Prescription Patients Do Not Suffer Distinct Outcomes After Bariatric Surgery: a Matched Analysis of Outcomes.

Obes Surg 2020 Jun 17. Epub 2020 Jun 17.

University of Maryland School of Medicine, 29 S. Greene St., Ste 105, Baltimore, MD, 21201, USA.

Purpose: While over 200 million opioid prescriptions are written annually for chronic pain in the USA, little has been written on the impact of opioids on bariatric surgery, specifically on the effects of prescription opioid use on weight loss post laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG).

Materials And Methods: We completed a matched-cohort, retrospective review in 1176 consecutive patients undergoing primary bariatric surgery at a single institution. Patients were grouped into chronic prescription opioid users (POU), defined as ongoing opioid use for > 3 months at the time of surgery, and opioid-naïve controls (CON), defined as no opioid use prior to surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11695-020-04772-1DOI Listing

Low-pressure pneumoperitoneum with deep neuromuscular blockade in metabolic surgery to reduce postoperative pain: a randomized pilot trial.

Surg Endosc 2020 Jun 18. Epub 2020 Jun 18.

Department of Surgery, Franciscus Gasthuis & Vlietland, Kleiweg 500, 3045 PM, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Background: For metabolic laparoscopic surgery, higher pressures up to 20 mmHg are often used to create a surgical field of sufficient quality. This randomized pilot study aimed to determine the feasibility, safety and tolerability of low intraabdominal pressure (IAP) and deep neuromuscular blockade (NMB) to reduce postoperative pain.

Methods: In a teaching hospital in the Netherlands, 62 patients eligible for a laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) were randomized into one of four groups in a 2 × 2 factorial design: deep/moderate NMB and standard (20 mmHg)/low IAP (12 mmHg). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00464-020-07719-wDOI Listing

Portomesenteric vein thrombosis after bariatric surgery: a case series.

Rev Col Bras Cir 2020 3;47:e20202480. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Departamento de Medicina Interna - Divisão de Hepatologia - Rio de Janeiro - RJ - Brasil.

Objective: Portomesenteric vein thrombosis (PMVT) is a potentially severe complication that can occur after bariatric surgery. PMVT has gained importance because of the increasing number of bariatric surgeries being performed. to report a rare and severe complication after bariatric surgery, which is difficult to manage. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0100-6991e-20202480DOI Listing

Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of the analgesic effect of intraoperative esmolol for laparoscopic gastroplasty.

Acta Cir Bras 2020 5;35(4):e202000408. Epub 2020 Jun 5.

PhD, Pain Sector, Department of Surgery, UNIFESP, Sao Paulo-SP, Brazil. Manuscript writing, final approval.

Purpose: To evaluate the analgesic effect of esmolol in patients submitted to laparoscopic gastroplasty.

Methods: Forty patients aged between 18 and 50 years with American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status scores of II and III who underwent gastric bypass were allocated to two groups. Group 1 patients received a 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s0102-865020200040000008DOI Listing

Laparoscopic Heller Myotomy and Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass as Treatment for Patients with Achalasia and Morbid Obesity: Outcomes in a Short Series of Patients.

J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A 2020 Jun 17. Epub 2020 Jun 17.

Department of Surgery, Hospital de Gastroenterología "Dr. Carlos Bonorino Udaondo," Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina.

The association between morbid obesity and esophageal achalasia is very infrequent. However, over the last decade, these cases started to increase because of the disturbing rise of morbid obesity worldwide. Heller myotomy (HM) and laparoscopic fundoplication represent the best treatment option for esophageal achalasia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/lap.2020.0331DOI Listing

Reoperations for Long-Term Complications Following Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding: Analysis of Incidence and Causality.

Cureus 2020 May 14;12(5):e8127. Epub 2020 May 14.

Bariatric and Minimally Invasive Surgery, Summa Health, Akron, USA.

Background: Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) gained popularity in the early 2000s as a purely restrictive procedure with modest weight loss. The potential for complications requiring reoperation has since become evident. A retrospective review was performed to determine the incidence of long-term complications and predictive factors requiring surgical reintervention after LAGB. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.8127DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7294902PMC

Quality of Life 10 Years After Bariatric Surgery.

Obes Surg 2020 Jun 13. Epub 2020 Jun 13.

2nd Department of General Surgery, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Jakubowskiego 2 st., 30-688, Cracow, Poland.

Purpose: Improvement of the quality of life after bariatric surgery is an important outcome of the treatment. Assessing the long-term QoL results provides better insights into the effectiveness of bariatric surgery.

Materials And Methods: This is a cohort study including patients who underwent bariatric surgery between June 2009 and May 2010 in one academic center. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11695-020-04726-7DOI Listing

Gastroesophageal Reflux and Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy: Results of the First International Consensus Conference.

Obes Surg 2020 Jun 12. Epub 2020 Jun 12.

Bariatric Unit, CHU Montpellier, Institut de génomique fonctionnelle, CNRS, INSERM, University of Montpellier, Montpellier, France.

Background: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is probably the main drawback of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). Herein, we critically discuss the issue and report the results of the first international consensus conference held in Montpellier, France, during June 2019.

Methods: Fifty international bariatric experts from 25 countries convened for 2 days for interactive discussions, and to formulate the most relevant questions by electronically submitting 55 preliminary questions to panelists. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11695-020-04749-0DOI Listing

Assessment of the Effect of Perioperative Venous Lidocaine on the Intensity of Pain and IL-6 Concentration After Laparoscopic Gastroplasty.

Obes Surg 2020 Jun 12. Epub 2020 Jun 12.

Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Rua Botucatu 593, São Paulo, 04023-900, Brazil.

Background And Objectives: Opioids are associated with sedation and respiratory depression. The primary objective of this study was to assess pain intensity after gastric bypass with lidocaine. The secondary objective was to assess the IL-6 concentration, consumption of morphine, time to morphine request, time to extubation, and side effects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11695-020-04748-1DOI Listing

Management of adverse events of EUS-directed transgastric ERCP procedure.

VideoGIE 2020 Jun 20;5(6):260-263. Epub 2020 Mar 20.

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, Maryland.

Background And Aims: Accessing the pancreatobiliary region in patients with a history of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) can be challenging. Traditionally, techniques such as percutaneous biliary drainage, enteroscopy-assisted ERCP, and laparoscopy-assisted ERCP have been used. However, each technique has its limitations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vgie.2020.02.005DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7276935PMC

Risk of Alcohol Use Disorder After Sleeve Gastrectomy.

J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A 2020 Jun 11. Epub 2020 Jun 11.

İstanbul Bariatrics, Obesity and Advanced Laparoscopy Center, İstanbul, Turkey.

Several studies demonstrated increased alcohol intake after gastric bypass but not for laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). The purpose of this study is to determine whether there is an increased risk of developing alcohol use disorder after LSG. LSG patients with at least 1-year follow-up who completed the alcohol use disorder identification test (AUDIT) preoperatively, and at their control visit, were the subjects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/lap.2020.0306DOI Listing

Long-Term Outcomes and Quality of Life at More than 10 Years After Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Using Bariatric Analysis and Reporting Outcome System (BAROS).

Obes Surg 2020 Jun 10. Epub 2020 Jun 10.

Department of Upper GI and Bariatric Surgery, Luton and Dunstable University Hospital, Lewsey Road, Luton, LU4 0DZ, UK.

Introduction: Literature on long-term (> 10 years) outcomes in terms of weight loss, resolution of co-morbidities, and quality of life (QoL) after bariatric surgery is limited. The aim of this study was to investigate the excess weight loss (EWL), resolution of comorbidities, and QoL more than 10 years after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) using the Bariatric Analysis and Reporting Outcome System (BAROS).

Methods: Data on patient demographics, weight, body mass index (BMI), comorbidities, type of surgery, complications, and QoL were collected from a prospectively maintained database. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11695-020-04765-0DOI Listing

Associations of Bariatric Interventions With Micronutrient and Endocrine Disturbances.

JAMA Netw Open 2020 Jun 1;3(6):e205123. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Department of Upper Gastrointestinal and Bariatric Surgery, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore.

Importance: Few studies have described the longitudinal trajectories of serum levels of micronutrients whose deficiencies are associated with serious sequelae following bariatric procedures, such as anemia, osteoporotic fractures, and neuropathies. Furthermore, previous studies comparing laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) vs Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) or one-anastomosis gastric bypass (OAGB) procedures may have been limited by selection and confounding biases.

Objective: To appraise the spectrum and temporal course of micronutrient deficiencies associated with bone metabolism and erythropoiesis after LSG vs OAGB or LRYGB procedures, using the propensity score as a balancing score. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.5123DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7284307PMC

Development and Evaluation of a Novel Instrument to Measure Severity of Intraoperative Events Using Video Data.

Ann Surg 2020 Jun 4. Epub 2020 Jun 4.

International Centre for Surgical Safety, Keenan Centre for Biomedical Research, St., Michael's Hospital, Toronto, ON.

Objective: To develop and evaluate a novel instrument to measure SEVERE processes using video data.

Background: Surgical video data can serve an important role in understanding the relationship between intraoperative events and postoperative outcomes. However, a standard tool to measure severity of intraoperative events is not yet available. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SLA.0000000000003897DOI Listing

Long-term opioid use after bariatric surgery.

Surg Obes Relat Dis 2020 May 7. Epub 2020 May 7.

University of North Dakota School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Fargo, North Dakota.

Background: Opioid analgesics are often prescribed to manage pain after bariatric surgery, which may develop into chronic prescription opioid use (CPOU) in opioid-naïve patients. Bariatric surgery may affect opioid use in those with or without presurgical CPOU.

Objective: To compare CPOU persistence and incidence in a large multisite cohort of veterans undergoing bariatric surgery (open Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, laparoscopic RYGB, or laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy) and matched nonsurgical controls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soard.2020.04.037DOI Listing

Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and parastomal hernia repair: case report of concurrent operation in comorbid patient.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2020 21;71:360-363. Epub 2020 May 21.

Private Healthcare Institution Clinical Hospital "RGD-Medicine", Varfolomeeva Street 92, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation; FSBEI HE Rostov State Medical University of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Nakhichevansky Lane 19, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation. Electronic address:

Introduction: The treatment of parastomal hernias remains one of the most relevant issues in coloproctology and general surgery due to its high recurrence rate of 5 to 50%. An increase in the number of overweight people has led to the fact that at least 25% of patients with parastomal hernias are obese and have severe concurrent disorders.

Presentation Of Case: A 69-years old woman with 12 × 15 cm parastomal hernia, grade 3 obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus underwent concurrent laparoscopic IPOM hernia repair and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijscr.2020.05.024DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7276396PMC

Cardiopexy at the Time of Sleeve Gastrectomy as a Preventive Measure for Reflux.

Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech 2020 Jun 2. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Department of Bariatric Surgery, Orlando Regional Medical Center, Orlando Health, Orlando, FL.

Background: One of the most significant concerns after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is the new-onset or worsening of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Some patients with LSG undergo a conversion to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) because of severe GERD. Cardiopexy at the time of LSG may help prevent GERD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SLE.0000000000000816DOI Listing