1,745 results match your criteria Labor and Delivery Normal Delivery of the Newborn


The impact of birth anesthesia on the parameters of oxygenation and acid-base balance in umbilical cord blood.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2019 Feb 10:1-8. Epub 2019 Feb 10.

b Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Uniwersytet Warminsko-Mazurski Wydzial Nauk Medycznych , Olsztyn , Poland.

Background: There is a great number of studies dealing with the impact of birth anesthesia on the course of labor and condition of the newborn. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of birth anesthesia on the parameters of oxygenation and acid-base balance in umbilical cord blood.

Methods: Subjects were divided into four groups: vaginal delivery without anesthesia, vaginal delivery with epidural anesthesia, delivery by cesarean section under a subarachnoid block, and delivery by cesarean section under general anesthesia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14767058.2019.1574740DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Maternal serum vitamin D levels and preterm delivery among low-risk parturients in Lagos, Nigeria.

Int J Gynaecol Obstet 2019 Feb 10;144(2):216-220. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Idi-Araba, Lagos, Nigeria.

Objective: To determine the association between low maternal vitamin D levels and preterm delivery among parturients in Lagos, Nigeria.

Methods: The present study was an analytical cross-sectional study of women with preterm deliveries (defined as <37 weeks) and women with term deliveries (defined as ≥37 weeks) at the labor unit of Lagos University Teaching Hospital between December 1, 2015, and October 31, 2016. Relevant information was obtained via a proforma, and maternal venous samples were collected immediately after delivery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ijgo.12719DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6320281PMC
February 2019
4 Reads
1.563 Impact Factor

Preterm Labor Caused by Hemolysis, Elevated Liver Enzymes, Low Platelet Count (HELLP) Syndrome and Postpartum Infection Complicated with Actinomyces Species: A Case Report.

Am J Case Rep 2018 Nov 13;19:1350-1353. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Department of Infectious Disease Pharmacy, Piedmont Columbus Regional Health, Columbus, GA, USA.

BACKGROUND Actinomyces species are normal flora of the upper respiratory, female genital, and gastrointestinal tract. Actinomyces species are generally considered to have a low virulence potential. Here we report one case of Actinomyces viscosus isolated from a neonatal blood culture as a consequence of extreme prematurity in the presence of HELLP (hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, low platelet count) syndrome. Read More

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https://www.amjcaserep.com/abstract/index/idArt/911374
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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/AJCR.911374DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6240930PMC
November 2018
13 Reads

Childbirth experiences and their derived meaning: a qualitative study among postnatal mothers in Mbale regional referral hospital, Uganda.

Reprod Health 2018 Nov 3;15(1):183. Epub 2018 Nov 3.

Department of Nursing, Makerere University, College of Health Sciences, P.O Box 7072, Kampala, Uganda.

Background: Evidence shows that negative childbirth experiences may lead to undesirable effects including failure to breastfeed, reduced love for the baby, emotional upsets, post-traumatic disorders and depression among mothers. Understanding childbirth experiences and their meaning could be important in planning individualized care for mothers. The purpose of this study was to explore childbirth experiences and their meaning among postnatal mothers. Read More

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https://reproductive-health-journal.biomedcentral.com/articl
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-018-0628-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6215682PMC
November 2018
15 Reads

Seizures in newborn infants without hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy - antenatal and labor-related risk factors: a case-control study.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2018 Oct 29:1-7. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

b Department of Women's and Children's Health , Uppsala University , Uppsala , Sweden.

Objective: To identify antepartum and intrapartum risk factors for neonatal seizures in the absence of hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE).

Methods: Population-based case-control study. Of 98 484 births, 40 newborns at 34 gestational weeks or later had seizures within the first 7 days of life. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14767058.2018.1505853DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Obstetrical Outcomes in Adult Patients Born with Complex Anorectal Malformations and Cloacal Anomalies: A Literature Review.

J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol 2019 Feb 24;32(1):7-14. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio.

Patients born with complex anorectal malformations often have associated Müllerian anomalies, which might affect fertility and obstetrical outcomes. Other vertebral-anorectal-tracheoesophageal-renal-limb associations, such as renal or cardiac anomalies, could also affect pregnancy intention, fertility rates, and recommendations about mode of delivery or obstetrical outcomes. Associated conditions present at birth, like hydrocolpos, could also potentially affect fertility. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpag.2018.10.002DOI Listing
February 2019
21 Reads

Epidural Analgesia and Neonatal Morbidity: A Retrospective Cohort Study.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 09 24;15(10). Epub 2018 Sep 24.

Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, University of Huelva, 21071 Huelva, Spain.

(1) : Epidural analgesia (EA), at the present time, is one of the most effective methods to reduce labor pain. In recent years its use has increased, being used between 20⁻70% of all deliveries; (2) : Historical cohort on a total of 2947 deliveries during the years 2012⁻2016 at the "Mancha-Centro Hospital" of Alcázar de San Juan. The main outcome variables were four neonatal morbidity (NM) criteria: umbilical artery pH of <7. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15102092DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6210157PMC
September 2018
3 Reads

Foetal Macrosomia and Foetal-Maternal Outcomes at Birth.

J Pregnancy 2018 8;2018:4790136. Epub 2018 Aug 8.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sundsvall County Hospital, Sundsvall 85186, Sweden.

To investigate how macrosomia affects foetal-maternal birth outcomes, we conducted a retrospective cohort study of singleton pregnant women who gave birth at gestational age ≥37+0 weeks. The patients were divided into three groups according to birth weight: "macrosomia" group, ≥4500 g, n=285; "upper-normal" group, 3500-4499 g, n=593; and "normal" group, 2500-3499 g, n=495. Foetal-maternal and delivery outcomes were compared among the three groups after adjustment for confounders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/4790136DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6106949PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Effects of gestational weight gain and body mass index on obstetric outcome.

Saudi J Biol Sci 2018 Sep 27;25(6):1085-1089. Epub 2018 Feb 27.

Karadeniz Technical University, Faculty of Health Science, Obstetrics and Gynaecology Nursing Department, Trabzon, Turkey.

It is already known that maternal overweight, obesity, and morbid obesity are associated with adverse obstetric and neonatal outcomes. To assess the prevalence of overweight and obesity, and the impact of body mass index (BMI) on maternal and neonatal outcomes in Turkey. The study population consisted of 698 singleton pregnancies whose height and weight follow up were performed from the first trimester of pregnancy and whose deliveries were monitored in Trabzon, Turkey in July 2014-June 2015. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1319562X183004
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sjbs.2018.02.014DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6117369PMC
September 2018
14 Reads

Male partner involvement in efforts to eliminate mother-to-child transmission of HIV in Kisumu County, Western Kenya, 2015.

Pan Afr Med J 2017 4;28(Suppl 1). Epub 2017 Nov 4.

Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program (FELTP-K), Ministry of Health, Kenya.

Introduction: rates of caesarean sections (CS) have been rising globally over time. Our study sought to identify factors associated with CS among mothers delivering at Mama Lucy Kibaki Hospital in Nairobi city county, Kenya.

Methods: we conducted an unmatched case-control study using a 1:2 case-to-control ratio. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11604/pamj.supp.2017.28.1.9290DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6113696PMC
September 2018
7 Reads

The birth weight in pregnant women with Asherman syndrome compared to normal intrauterine cavity: A case-control study.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Aug;97(32):e11797

Reproductive Endocrine and Infertility Medicine Department, King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Women with Asherman syndrome (AS) have damaged endometrium and reduced blood flow to the uterus and placenta which may lead to low birth weight and several obstetric complications.The objective is to determine the association between low birth weight and obstetrical complications in women with AS compared to women with normal intrauterine cavity.A retrospective case-control study was conducted in Women's Specialized Hospital, King Fahad Medical City, from December 2008 to December 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000011797DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6133566PMC
August 2018
6 Reads

The effect of different forms of dysglycemia during pregnancy on maternal and fetal outcomes in treated women and comparison with large cohort studies.

Acta Biomed 2018 May 23;89(S5):11-21. Epub 2018 May 23.

Departments of Pediatrics and Neonatology, Hamad Medical Center, Doha, Qatar.

Aims Of The Study: We describe the impact of different forms of dysglycemia on maternal and neonatal health. This research is a part of the PEARL-Peristat Maternal and newborn registry, funded by Qatar National Research Fund (QNRF) Doha, Qatar.

Methods: A population-based retrospective data analysis of 12,255 women with singleton pregnancies screened during the year 2016-2017, of which 3,027 women were identified with gestation diabetes mellitus (GDM) during pregnancy and 233 were diabetic before pregnancy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.23750/abm.v89iS4.7356DOI Listing
May 2018
6 Reads

Clinical features of a fatal shoulder dystocia: The hypovolemic shock hypothesis.

Med Hypotheses 2018 Sep 6;118:139-141. Epub 2018 Jul 6.

Gynecologic and Obstetric Department, Nuovo Ospedale delle Apuane, Via Enrico Mattei 21, Massa Carrara, Italy.

Shoulder dystocia is a rare but severe obstetric complication associated with an increased risk of brachial plexus palsies, fractures of the clavicle and humerus, hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy and, rarely, neonatal death. Here we describe a fatal case of shoulder dystocia in a term newborn, although labor was uneventful, fetal heart rate tracing was normal until the delivery of the head and the head-to-body delivery interval (HBDI) occurred within 5 min. Full resuscitation was performed for 35 min without success. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mehy.2018.07.006DOI Listing
September 2018
23 Reads

Complications among Mothers and New Born Due to Delivery Process in Rupandehi District Nepal.

J Nepal Health Res Counc 2018 Jul 3;16(2):190-194. Epub 2018 Jul 3.

Department of Orthopedics, Lumbini Zonal Hospital, Butwal, Rupandehi, Nepal.

Background: Child birth is a universally celebrated occasion, yet everyday for thousands of women child birth is experienced not as a joyful event as it should be, but as a private hell that may even end in death. The objective of this study is to determine the complications of normal delivery and cesarean section on the mothers and new born.

Methods: A descriptive study was conducted in two selected hospitals of Rupandehi district, Nepal. Read More

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July 2018
8 Reads

Severe immune thrombocytopenia in pregnancy treated with Eltrombopag - A case report.

J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod 2018 Oct 4;47(8):405-408. Epub 2018 Jul 4.

Obstetrics Department, Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal.

Immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) during pregnancy is an acquired autoimmune disease present in 1-2 of every 1000 pregnancies. Thrombopoietin (TPO)-mimetic drugs, such as eltrombopag, have been successfully used for treatment of ITP during pregnancy, but studies regarding its safety during gestation are lacking. A 33-year-old nulliparous woman with a history of chronic ITP, presented at the emergency department with petechiae, epistaxis, bruises, conjunctival effusions and a platelet count of 3×10/L at 25 weeks gestation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jogoh.2018.06.010DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

[Cost-effectiveness analysis of spontaneous vaginal delivery and elective cesarean for normal risk pregnant women in the Brazilian Unified National Health System].

Cad Saude Publica 2018 05 10;34(5):e00022517. Epub 2018 May 10.

Instituto Nacional de Saúde da Mulher, da Criança e do Adolescente Fernandes Figueira, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil.

The purpose of this study was to conduct a cost-effectiveness analysis of spontaneous vaginal delivery and elective cesarean (with no clinical indication) for normal risk pregnant women, from the perspective of the Brazilian Unified National Health System. An analytical decision model was developed and included the choice of delivery mode and clinical consequences for mothers and newborns, from admission for delivery to hospital discharge. The reference population consisted of normal risk pregnant women with singleton, at-term gestations in cephalic position, subdivided into primiparas and multiparas with prior uterine scar. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0102-311X00022517DOI Listing
May 2018
1 Read

Physical Activity and Risk of Preterm Birth in a Cohort of African American Women.

Womens Health Issues 2018 Nov - Dec;28(6):488-494. Epub 2018 May 7.

Department of Family Medicine and Public Health Sciences, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan.

Background: Few studies have identified modifiable risk factors that are associated with the prevention of preterm delivery (PTD). This study examined the relationship between PTD and physical activity during pregnancy.

Methods: Data were obtained by medical record review and postpartum questionnaires from a cohort of African American women (N = 1,410) delivering singleton infants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.whi.2018.04.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6215495PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

Ameliorative effects of against lead-induced nephrotoxicity in newborn rats: Modulation of oxidative stress and histopathological changes.

EXCLI J 2018 2;17:215-232. Epub 2018 Mar 2.

Laboratory of Animal Ecophysiology, Faculty of Sciences, Sfax University, Tunisia.

Our experimental work was aimed at evaluating the safety and protective effects of dietary supplementation on the kidney of newborn rats, the offspring of lead contaminated lactating mothers. Female rats were randomly divided into four groups: group I (control) was given a normal diet, group II (positive control, S) received a diet enriched with , group III received only lead through drinking water (Pb), and group IV received both a diet enriched with and lead contaminated water (S Pb). The treatment of pregnant rats with lead administrated in drinking water, from the 5 day of pregnancy until day 14 after delivery, induced an increased level of renal lipid peroxidation, protein carbonyl, hydrogen peroxide and advanced oxidation protein product, a decreased renal content of glutathione and antioxidant enzyme activities such as superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione peroxidase in newborns. Read More

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http://www.excli.de/vol17/Gargouri_02032018_proof.pdf
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http://dx.doi.org/10.17179/excli2017-1016DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5938537PMC
March 2018
5 Reads

Mild ventriculomegaly from fetal consultation to neurodevelopmental assessment: A single center experience and review of the literature.

Eur J Paediatr Neurol 2018 Nov 12;22(6):919-928. Epub 2018 Apr 12.

Pediatric Neurology Unit, V. Buzzi Children's Hospital, Via Castelvetro 32, 20154 Milan, Italy.

Objective: The aim of our study was to determine the outcome of fetuses with isolated mild ventriculomegaly, with prenatal imaging work-up, prenatal consultation, delivery and clinical follow-up performed in a single tertiary referring center.

Methods: Fetuses with isolated and non-progressive mild ventriculomegaly (10-15 mm) were included in the study. Inclusion criteria were as follows: singleton pregnancies, normal chromosomal analysis, normal serological evaluation of TORCH, fetal ultrasound and MRI excluding additional CNS or extra-CNS malformations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejpn.2018.04.001DOI Listing
November 2018
13 Reads

Impact of gestational weight gain and prepregnancy body mass index on the prevalence of large-for-gestational age infants in two cohorts of women with type 1 insulin-dependent diabetes: a cross-sectional population study.

BMJ Open 2018 03 30;8(3):e019617. Epub 2018 Mar 30.

Division of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA.

Objectives: Despite improvements in treatment modalities, large-for-gestational age (LGA) prevalence has remained between 30% and 40% among infants of mothers with type 1 insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (TIDM). Our objective was to estimate LGA prevalence and examine the association between gestational weight gain (GWG) and prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) with LGA among mothers with TIDM.

Design: Cross-sectional study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2017-019617DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5884363PMC
March 2018
8 Reads

Umbilical Cord Management and Stump Care in Normal Childbirth in Slovenian and Croatian Maternity Hospitals.

Acta Clin Croat 2017 Dec;56(4):773-780

University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Health Sciences, Midwifery Department, Ljubljana, Slovenia.

The aim was to investigate first-care procedures for the newborn's umbilical cord at maternity hospitals in Slovenia and Croatia. The study was based on an empirical survey research approach and quantitative research paradigms and included all Slovenian (n=14) and all Croatian (n=35) maternity hospitals. Leaders of midwifery team of 14 Slovenian and 35 Croatian labor wards were invited to participate. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.20471/acc.2017.56.04.27DOI Listing
December 2017
2 Reads

Effect of prolonged hospitalization for threatened preterm labor on maternal and fetal vitamin D levels.

J Obstet Gynaecol Res 2018 Jun 23;44(6):1042-1048. Epub 2018 Mar 23.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Tokushima University Graduate School, Tokushima, Japan.

Aim: We aimed to evaluate the effect of prolonged hospitalization for threatened preterm labor (TPL) on maternal and fetal vitamin D status.

Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study, spanning 4 years, including 18 women with TPL and 36 women with normal pregnancy who received prenatal care for a singleton pregnancy at our center. TPL cases were women who were admitted to our hospital after the second trimester test for at least 28 days, during which time the third trimester test was also performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jog.13620DOI Listing
June 2018
6 Reads

A prospective cohort study of fetal heart rate monitoring: deceleration area is predictive of fetal acidemia.

Am J Obstet Gynecol 2018 05 1;218(5):523.e1-523.e12. Epub 2018 Feb 1.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, MO.

Background: Intrapartum electronic fetal monitoring is the most commonly used tool in obstetrics in the United States; however, which electronic fetal monitoring patterns predict acidemia remains unclear.

Objective: This study was designed to describe the frequency of patterns seen in labor using modern nomenclature, and to test the hypothesis that visually interpreted patterns are associated with acidemia and morbidities in term infants. We further identified patterns prior to delivery, alone or in combination, predictive of acidemia and neonatal morbidity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajog.2018.01.026DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5916338PMC
May 2018
9 Reads

Prenatal treatment of ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency.

Mol Genet Metab 2018 03 16;123(3):297-300. Epub 2018 Jan 16.

Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University, CA, USA. Electronic address:

Purpose Of Study: Patients with neonatal urea cycle defects (UCDs) typically experience severe hyperammonemia during the first days of life, which results in serious neurological injury or death. Long-term prognosis despite optimal pharmacological and dietary therapy is still poor. The combination of intravenous sodium phenylacetate and sodium benzoate (Ammonul®) can eliminate nitrogen waste independent of the urea cycle. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ymgme.2018.01.004DOI Listing
March 2018
16 Reads

Interventions to support effective communication between maternity care staff and women in labour: A mixed-methods systematic review.

Midwifery 2018 Apr 27;59:4-16. Epub 2017 Dec 27.

Department of Women and Children's Health, School of Life Course Sciences, Faculty of Life Sciences and Medicine, King's College London, London, UK. Electronic address:

Objectives: the objectives of this review were (1) to assess whether interventions to support effective communication between maternity care staff and healthy women in labour with a term pregnancy could improve birth outcomes and experiences of care; and (2) to synthesize information related to the feasibility of implementation and resources required.

Design: a mixed-methods systematic review.

Setting And Participants: studies which reported on interventions aimed at improving communication between maternity care staff and healthy women during normal labour and birth, with no apparent medical or obstetric complications, and their family members were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.midw.2017.12.014DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5852259PMC
April 2018
10 Reads
1.710 Impact Factor

Induction of labor in cases of late preterm isolated oligohydramnios: is it justified?

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2018 Feb 1:1-9. Epub 2018 Feb 1.

e Maternity Department "D", Division of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Soroka University Medical Center , Ben-Gurion University of the Negev , Be'er Sheva , Israel.

Objectives: To analyze in a retrospective cohort study the outcomes of pregnancies with isolated oligohydramnios at the late preterm period (34-36.6 weeks of gestation).

Study Design: This retrospective cohort study included three groups of women: (1) Women with isolated oligohydramnios whose pregnancy was managed conservatively (n = 33 births); (2) women with isolated oligohydramnios who were managed actively (i. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14767058.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14767058.2018.1430134DOI Listing
February 2018
4 Reads

Early neonatal Glutaric aciduria type I hidden by perinatal asphyxia: a case report.

Ital J Pediatr 2018 Jan 15;44(1). Epub 2018 Jan 15.

Pediatric Neurology Unit, "Vittore Buzzi" Children's Hospital, ASST FBF-Sacco, Milan, Italy.

Background: Perinatal asphyxia (PA) occurs in about 2 to 10 per 1000 live full-term births. Although neonatal epileptic seizures are observed in up to 60% of cases, PA may mimic or subtend other conditions. Hypoxia related brain injury is particularly relevant, as it may have permanent effects on neuropsychomotor development. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13052-018-0450-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5769368PMC
January 2018
7 Reads

The Waterbirth Project: São Bernardo Hospital experience.

Women Birth 2018 Oct 2;31(5):e325-e333. Epub 2018 Jan 2.

Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences of the University of Porto, Rua Alfredo Allen, 4200-135 Porto, Portugal. Electronic address:

Introduction: The following quantitative observational study aimed to analyse the maternal and neonatal outcomes of 90 low-risk pregnant women who gave birth in water at São Bernardo Hospital.

Methods: A form containing information on the obstetric history of the parturient, the type of immersion, and the labour and birth follow-up was used by midwives to collect the data.

Background: The Apgar score (at 1min after birth) used in this study, called Aqua Apgar, was adapted by Cornelia Enning. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wombi.2017.12.008DOI Listing
October 2018
11 Reads

Early neonatal mortality and neurological outcomes of neonatal resuscitation in a resource-limited setting on the Thailand-Myanmar border: A descriptive study.

PLoS One 2018 5;13(1):e0190419. Epub 2018 Jan 5.

Centre for Tropical Medicine and Global Health, Nuffield Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, Old Road Campus, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Background: Of the 4 million neonatal deaths worldwide yearly, 98% occur in low and middle-income countries. Effective resuscitation reduces mortality and morbidity but long-term outcomes in resource-limited settings are poorly described. This study reports on newborn neurological outcomes following resuscitation at birth in a resource-limited setting where intensive newborn care including intubation is unavailable. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0190419PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5755780PMC
February 2018
12 Reads

[Are womens attitudes towards pregnancy, childbirth and motherhood associated with length of labour?]

Ceska Gynekol 2017 ;82(6):462-472

Objective: To examine the association between length of labour and womens attitudes towards pregnancy, childbirth and motherhood, while controlling for biomedical and maternal psychosocial characteristics.

Design: Original study.

Setting: Department of Psychology, Faculty of Arts and Philosophy, Charles University, Prague. Read More

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January 2017
5 Reads

Influence of weight gain, according to Institute of Medicine 2009 recommendation, on spontaneous preterm delivery in twin pregnancies.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2018 01 3;18(1). Epub 2018 Jan 3.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Milano-Bicocca, S. Gerardo Hospital, MBBM Foundation, Via Pergolesi 33, Monza, 20900, Monza, Monza e Brianza, Italy.

Backgrounds: Maternal total weight gain during pregnancy influences adverse obstetric outcomes in singleton pregnancies. However, its impact in twin gestation is less understood. Our objective was to estimate the influence of total maternal weight gain on preterm delivery in twin pregnancies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-017-1645-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5751880PMC
January 2018
4 Reads

Spina bifida cystica and severe congenital bilateral talipes equinovarus in one twin of a monoamniotic pair: a case report.

BMC Res Notes 2017 Dec 28;10(1):771. Epub 2017 Dec 28.

Health and Human Development (2HD) Research Network, Douala, Cameroon.

Background: Spina bifida and congenital talipes equinovarus (CTEV) are common congenital malformations which may occur together and increase morbidity. Monozygous twins are particularly at risk of these malformations and discordance in one type of malformation is typical. The occurrence of both spina bifida and CTEV in one twin of a monozygotic pair is rare. Read More

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https://bmcresnotes.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s1310
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-017-3108-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5745804PMC
December 2017
7 Reads

Preoperative cesarean delivery intravenous acetaminophen treatment for postoperative pain control: a randomized double-blinded placebo control trial.

Am J Obstet Gynecol 2018 03 21;218(3):353.e1-353.e4. Epub 2017 Dec 21.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Tennessee Medical Center, Knoxville, TN.

Background: The United States currently has an opioid use disorder epidemic and research evaluating ways to minimize the use of opioids postsurgery are needed. One of these options is intravenous acetaminophen. If the use of preoperative intravenous acetaminophen was found to be effective for cesarean delivery, this would be beneficial for both the mother and breast-feeding neonate. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajog.2017.12.203DOI Listing
March 2018
11 Reads

Is unplanned out-of-hospital birth managed by paramedics 'infrequent', 'normal' and 'uncomplicated'?

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2017 12 22;17(1):436. Epub 2017 Dec 22.

University of the Sunshine Coast, ML40, Locked bag 4, Maroochydore DC, Qld, 4558, Australia.

Background: Unplanned out-of-hospital birth is often perceived as precipitate in nature, 'infrequent', 'normal' and 'uncomplicated'. However, international studies report unplanned out-of-hospital birth is associated with increased rates of maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. This research describes intrapartum, immediate postpartum and neonatal care provided by paramedics in Queensland, Australia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-017-1617-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5741876PMC
December 2017
6 Reads

Birth delivery method affects expression of immune genes in lung and jejunum tissue of neonatal beef calves.

BMC Vet Res 2017 Dec 14;13(1):391. Epub 2017 Dec 14.

Animal and Grassland Research and Innovation Centre, Teagasc, Grange, Dunsany, Co. Meath, Ireland.

Background: Caesarean section is a routine veterinary obstetrical procedure employed to alleviate dystocia in cattle. However, CS, particularly before the onset of labour, is known to negatively affect neonatal respiration and metabolic adaptation in humans, though there is little published information for cattle. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of elective caesarean section (ECS) or normal trans-vaginal (TV) delivery, on lung and jejunal gene expression profiles of neonatal calves. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-017-1310-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5729508PMC
December 2017
8 Reads

[Relationship between the risk of emergency cesarean section for nullipara with the prepregnancy body mass index or gestational weight gain].

Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi 2017 Nov;52(11):757-764

Department of Obstetrics, Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100026, China.

To investigate the risk of emergency cesarean section during labor with the pre-pregnancy body mass index or gestational weight gain. A total of 6 908 healthy nullipara with singleton pregnancy and cephalic presentation who was in term labor in Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital from August 1(st), 2014 to September 30(th), 2015 were recruited. They were divided into two groups, the vaginal delivery group (92. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0529-567X.2017.11.008DOI Listing
November 2017
22 Reads

Effect of body mass index on the incidence of perineal trauma.

Int J Gynaecol Obstet 2018 May 22;141(2):166-170. Epub 2017 Dec 22.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Epsom and St Helier University Hospitals NHS Trust, Epsom, UK.

Objective: To investigate the association between perineal trauma at childbirth and maternal body mass index (BMI), and estimate the risk of perineal trauma among different BMI groups.

Methods: Data were retrospectively assessed from all vaginal deliveries in a UK tertiary maternity unit between 1999 and 2014. Associations between BMI at booking and first- and second-degree tears (minor perineal trauma), third- and fourth-degree tears (obstetric anal sphincter injuries [OASIS]), and frequency of instrumental deliveries were assessed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ijgo.12403DOI Listing
May 2018
4 Reads

Effects of delivery on maternal & neonatal irisin levels in normal and preeclamptic pregnant women.

Pregnancy Hypertens 2017 Oct 10;10:226-229. Epub 2017 Oct 10.

Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Egypt.

Study Objective: The aim of this work was to measure the irisin levels in maternal and umbilical cord serums at cesarean section and vaginal delivery.

Study Design: This is a case-control study conducted at the Obstetric Department of the Mansoura University Hospital, Mansoura University, Egypt.

Material And Methods: The 150 nulliparous cases were divided into three groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.preghy.2017.10.003DOI Listing
October 2017
2 Reads

Short-term Impact of Assisted Deliveries: Evaluation Based on Behavioral Pain Scoring and Heart Rate Variability.

Clin J Pain 2018 05;34(5):445-449

Perinatal Environment and Health, Lille medical scool, research department.

Objectives: Assisted deliveries (ADs) are used in current practice by obstetrical teams during labor when the fetus is likely to face difficulties. In this study, we hypothesized that pain related to instrumental delivery could impair autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity.

Materials And Methods: We investigated infants born by spontaneous delivery (SD group, n=35) and those whose deliveries were assisted by vacuum, forceps, or both (AD group, n=35) between the second and fourth hours of life. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/AJP.0000000000000572DOI Listing
May 2018
15 Reads

EPIDEMIOLOGICAL FEATURES OF THE PERINATAL RISK FACTORS AND NEONATAL OUTCOMES IN GEORGIA - PILOT STUDY.

Georgian Med News 2017 Oct(271):38-44

Tbilisi State Medical University; Neurological Clinic LTD "Valeo", Tbilisi, Georgia.

The purpose of this work was to identify and evaluate the epidemiological features, like the point prevalence of the perinatal risk factors and related to them pathological conditions revealing at the neonatal period. The descriptive population based prospective pilot study of children population of age 0-2 years was con-ducted in the City Tbilisi (in clinical centers "Medcapital", "family center N3" and "Valeo"), also in medical centers of districts of Mtsketa and Dusheti in period January 2015- January 2017. Summary was surveyed 1018 newborns during two years. Read More

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October 2017
6 Reads

Fusion of lower limbs with severe urogenital malformation in a newborn, a rare congenital clinical syndrome: case report.

Int Med Case Rep J 2017 21;10:313-317. Epub 2017 Sep 21.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Maternity Hospital.

Background: Fused lower limbs combined with severe urogenital malformation, also known as sirenomelia, is a rare congenital clinical syndrome. The etiology is unknown, and the outcome for the affected fetus is rather uncertain.

Case Report: Mrs RB, a Kuwaiti woman primigravida, married to a non-consanguineous husband, had uneventful antenatal care in a private health service, until she was admitted to the Maternity Hospital, Kuwait, at 31 weeks of gestation with a 3-hour history of ruptured membranes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/IMCRJ.S139067DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5614763PMC
September 2017
4 Reads

[Neonatal presentation of Prader-Willi syndrome: A report of five cases].

Arch Pediatr 2017 Nov 28;24(11):1115-1120. Epub 2017 Sep 28.

Service de néonatalogie, hôpital Sainte-Musse, avenue Henri-Sainte-Claire-Deville, 83200 Toulon, France.

Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a fingerprint disease caused by the loss of paternally inherited chromosome 15q11.2-q13. In several populations studied, prevalence is estimated to be from 1/10,000 to 1/25,000 births. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.arcped.2017.08.015DOI Listing
November 2017
5 Reads

Deleterious impact of maternal hepatitis-C viral infection on maternal and fetal outcome: a 5-year prospective study.

Arch Gynecol Obstet 2017 Dec 27;296(6):1097-1102. Epub 2017 Sep 27.

Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, 25 Yasin Abdelghafar Street, Shibin El-kom, Menoufia Governorate, Egypt.

Objective: To assess prospectively the maternal and fetal outcome among pregnant women with chronic Hepatitis-C virus (HCV) infection compared to normal control group.

Methods: A prospective observational study conducted on 342 pregnant women with HCV who were divided into two groups according to polymerase chain reaction (PCR) result, group 1 (n = 184, HCV-PCR negative) and group 2 (n = 154, HCV-PCR positive) with a third group of normal pregnant women (n = 170). Obstetric outcome was recorded. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00404-017-4550-2DOI Listing
December 2017
29 Reads

[Pregnancy and delivery in patients with a personal history of cesarean section in Dakar: epidemiological, clinical, therapeutic and prognostic aspects].

Pan Afr Med J 2017 22;27:135. Epub 2017 Jun 22.

Centre Hospitalier National de Pikine, Service de Gynécologie et d'Obstétrique, Dakar, Sénégal.

The aim of our study was to determine hospitalization rate for vaginal birth after cesarean section in Pikine, to evaluate the quality of the management of pregnant women with previous cesarean section and to determine prognostic factors of the outcome of a trial of scar. We conducted a retrospective study based on medical records and operational protocols of patients who underwent vaginal birth after cesarean section over the period 1 January 2010 - 31 December 2011. We analyzed socio-demographic data, pregnancy follow-up, therapeutic modalities and prognosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11604/pamj.2017.27.135.11924DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5567968PMC
September 2017
32 Reads

Using an Elastic Band Device After a Severe Obstetric Pubic Symphyseal Separation: Clinical and Imaging Evaluation.

Obstet Gynecol 2017 09;130(3):625-629

Departments of Radiology, Gynecology, and Orthopedy, Clinique Mutualiste de la Sagesse, Inserm, UMR 1099, and LTSI, University of Rennes 1, Rennes, France.

Background: Severe separation of the pubic symphysis is a rare delivery complication. Facing this pathology, we decided to study a new elastic band device.

Method: To evaluate the elastic band device, clinical (pain-rated) and imaging (magnetic resonance imaging and radiography) evaluations with and without the device were performed. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00006250-201709000-0001
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/AOG.0000000000002194DOI Listing
September 2017
22 Reads

Perinatal outcomes in uncomplicated late preterm pregnancies with borderline oligohydramnios.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2018 Dec 16;31(23):3085-3088. Epub 2017 Aug 16.

d Department of Public Health , Erciyes Üniversitesi Faculty of Medicine , Kayseri , Turkey.

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to determine the adverse perinatal outcomes in uncomplicated late preterm pregnancies with borderline oligohydramnios.

Methods: A total of 430 pregnant women with an uncomplicated singleton pregnancy at a gestational age of 34 + 0-36 + 6 weeks were included. Borderline oligohydramnios was defined as an amniotic fluid index (AFI) of 5. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14767058.2017.1364722DOI Listing
December 2018
11 Reads

Comparison of midwife-led care and obstetrician-led care on maternal and neonatal outcomes in Singapore: A retrospective cohort study.

Midwifery 2017 Oct 18;53:71-79. Epub 2017 Jul 18.

Alice Lee Centre for Nursing Studies, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore; National University Health System, Singapore. Electronic address:

Objectives: to examine the maternal and neonatal outcomes of low-risk women receiving midwife-led care and obstetrician-led care. DESIGN, SETTING,&PARTICIPANTS: a retrospective cohort study design was used. Data were collected from a large tertiary maternity hospital in Singapore. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S02666138173053
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.midw.2017.07.010DOI Listing
October 2017
5 Reads