1,809 results match your criteria Labor and Delivery Normal Delivery of the Newborn


Perinatal Management of Haemophilia.

Hamostaseologie 2020 May 28;40(2):226-232. Epub 2020 May 28.

Universitätsklinikum Dresden Klinik/Poliklinik für Kinder- und Jugendmedizin Bereich Hämatologie, Dresden, Germany.

The aim of this review is to provide practical guidance for the treatment of carriers of haemophilia and newborns presenting with haemophilia. Both mother and newborn have an increased risk for clinically relevant bleeding. An experienced team should manage genetic counselling, prenatal diagnosis, pregnancy, delivery and the newborn presenting with haemophilia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-1141-1252DOI Listing

Is it home delivery or health facility? Community perceptions on place of childbirth in rural Northwest Tanzania using a qualitative approach.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2020 May 6;20(1):270. Epub 2020 May 6.

Department of Community Health Sciences, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, 3280 Hospital Drive, NW, Calgary, AB, Canada.

Background: In low and middle-income countries, pregnancy and delivery complications may deprive women and their newborns of life or the realization of their full potential. Provision of quality obstetric emergency and childbirth care can reduce maternal and newborn deaths. Underutilization of maternal and childbirth services remains a public health concern in Tanzania. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-020-02967-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7201655PMC

Clinical analysis of pregnant women with 2019 novel coronavirus pneumonia.

J Med Virol 2020 Mar 28. Epub 2020 Mar 28.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China.

The aim is to evaluate pregnant women infected with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and provide help for clinical prevention and treatment. All five cases of pregnant women confirmed COVID-19 were collected among patients who admitted to the Maternal and Child Hospital of Hubei Province between January 20 and February 10, 2020. All patients, aging from 25 to 31 years old, had the gestational week from 38th weeks to 41st weeks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jmv.25789DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7228212PMC

Factors related to perineal outcome after vaginal delivery in primiparas: a cross-sectional study.

Rev Esc Enferm USP 2020 13;54:e03549. Epub 2020 Mar 13.

Departamento De Enfermagem, Universidade Federal Do Ceará, Fortaleza, CE, Brazil.

Objective: Identify the associations between perineal outcome in primiparas and interventions during labor and delivery, newborn weight and APGAR score.

Method: Document-based, correlational, retrospective, quantitative study conducted in a tertiary maternity hospital in the state of Ceará, between July 2017 and January 2018. The independent variables were labor induction, amniotomy, non-pharmaceutical methods for relieving pain, forceps, episiotomy, Kristeller maneuver, position in the expulsion stage, shoulder dystocia, and newborn weight and APGAR score, and the dependent variable was perineal outcome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s1980-220x2018043503549DOI Listing

Differential Secretion of Angiopoietic Factors and Expression of MicroRNA in Umbilical Cord Blood from Healthy Appropriate-For-Gestational-Age Preterm and Term Newborns-.

Int J Mol Sci 2020 Feb 14;21(4). Epub 2020 Feb 14.

Department of General Pathology, Pomeranian Medical University, 70-111 Szczecin, Poland.

Premature birth, defined as less than 37 weeks gestation, affects approximately 12% of all live births around the world. Advances in neonatal care have resulted in the increased survival of infants born prematurely. Although prematurity is a known risk factor for different cardiovascular diseases, little is known about the pathophysiology of vasculature during premature gestation and angiopoietic factors network during premature birth. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms21041305DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7072966PMC
February 2020

Co-delivery of Cu(I) chelator and chemotherapeutics as a new strategy for tumor theranostic.

J Control Release 2020 May 28;321:483-496. Epub 2020 Feb 28.

Key Laboratory of Smart Drug Delivery (Ministry of Education), Minhang Hospital, State Key Laboratory of Medical Neurobiology and MOE Frontiers Center for Brain Science, Institutes of Brain Science, Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy, Research Center on Aging and Medicine, Fudan University, Shanghai 201203, PR China. Electronic address:

Chelating Cu from tumors has been verified as an effective and promising strategy for cancer therapy through antiangiogenesis. However, systematic removal Cu by injecting with Cu chelators will result unavoidable side effects, since Cu is indispensable to the body. In this work, a micelle targeting to tumors' newborn vessels based on a polypeptide was developed to co-load DOX and Probe X, which can go through an "OFF-to-ON" procedure to report the Cu-capture events in vivo in a real-time way by giving near infrared (NIR) fluorescence and photoacoustic signal. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jconrel.2020.02.023DOI Listing

Low Apgar score in term newborns and long-term infectious morbidity: a population-based cohort study with up to 18 years of follow-up.

Eur J Pediatr 2020 Jun 3;179(6):959-971. Epub 2020 Feb 3.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Soroka University Medical Center, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel.

Since introduced, the Apgar score has remained the most widespread predictor for neonatal morbidity and mortality. We aimed to investigate the association between low 5-min Apgar score and long-term infectious pediatric morbidity. A population-based cohort analysis was performed comparing total and specific subtypes of infectious morbidity leading to hospitalization among term newborns with normal (≥ 7) and low (< 7) 5-min Apgar scores, born between 1999 and 2014 at a single tertiary regional hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00431-020-03593-9DOI Listing
June 2020
1.983 Impact Factor

A CASE OF HYPERPARATHYROIDISM TREATED WITH CINACALCET DURING PREGNANCY.

AACE Clin Case Rep 2019 Jan-Feb;5(1):e40-e43. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Objective: Hyperparathyroidism during pregnancy is associated with increased maternal and neonatal complications. Cinacalcet is a calcimimetic medication that is used in the treatment of hyperparathyroidism; its use in pregnancy is limited to a few case reports.

Methods: Case report and literature review. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4158/ACCR-2018-0230DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6876973PMC
January 2019

Maternal air pollution exposure associated with risk of congenital heart defect in pre-pregnancy overweighted women.

Sci Total Environ 2020 Apr 7;712:136470. Epub 2020 Jan 7.

Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China. Electronic address:

Objectives: Prenatal exposure to air pollutant has been associated with congenital heart defect (CHD). However, no study has investigated this effect in pre-pregnancy overweighted women. This study aimed to evaluate gestational exposure to particulate pollutant (PM) and gaseous air pollutants (O and NO) on the risk of CHD, and explore the potential effect modifiers including maternal age, pre-pregnancy BMI and pregestational diseases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.136470DOI Listing

The impact of a nurse mentoring program on the quality of labour and delivery care at primary health care facilities in Bihar, India.

BMJ Glob Health 2019 18;4(6):e001767. Epub 2019 Dec 18.

Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

Introduction: Although the number of women who deliver with a skilled birth attendant in India has almost doubled between 2006 and 2016, the country still has the second highest number of maternal deaths and the highest number of neonatal deaths globally. This study examines the impact of a nurse mentoring programme intended to improve the quality of intrapartum care at primary healthcare centre (PHC) facilities in Bihar, India.

Method: We conducted an evaluation study in 319 public PHCs in Bihar, where nurses participated in a mentoring programme. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjgh-2019-001767DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6936590PMC
December 2019

Effectiveness of an Electronic Partogram: A Mixed-Method, Quasi-Experimental Study Among Skilled Birth Attendants in Kenya.

Glob Health Sci Pract 2019 12 23;7(4):521-539. Epub 2019 Dec 23.

Kenya Ministry of Health, Nairobi, Kenya.

Background: Timely identification and management of intrapartum complications could significantly reduce maternal deaths, intrapartum stillbirths, and newborn deaths due to hypoxia. The World Health Organization (WHO) identifies monitoring of labor using the paper partograph as a high-priority intervention for identifying abnormities in labor and fetal well-being. This article describes a mixed-method, quasi-experimental study to assess the effectiveness of an Android tablet-based electronic, labor clinical decision-support application (ePartogram) in limited-resource settings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.9745/GHSP-D-19-00195DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6927834PMC
December 2019

The knowledge versus self-rated confidence of facility birth attendants with respect to maternal and newborn health skills: the experience of Nigerian primary healthcare facilities.

Malawi Med J 2019 09;31(3):212-220

Department of Community Health, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.

Background: Competent and skilled birth attendants are critical in the reduction of maternal and infant morbidity and mortality at delivery. This study aimed to determine the association between knowledge and self-rated confidence in facility birth attendants affiliated with maternal and neonatal health (MNH) interventions.

Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in 24 primary healthcare facilities in Osun state, Nigeria among 128 consenting facility birth attendants who were selected via a multi-stage sampling technique. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/mmj.v31i3.8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6895387PMC
September 2019

Maternal and Neonatal Morbidity After 4 and 6 Hours of Protracted Active Labor in Nulliparous Term Pregnancies.

Obstet Gynecol 2020 01;135(1):185-193

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California.

Objective: To evaluate whether women with protracted active phase labor longer than 6 hours have an increased risk of adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes after the implementation of new labor management guidelines.

Methods: This was a retrospective study of nulliparous, term, singleton, vertex deliveries at Cedars Sinai Medical Center from August 2016 to September 2017. Women were included if they progressed to active phase labor, defined by cervical dilation of 6 cm or more. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/AOG.0000000000003587DOI Listing
January 2020

A one-year review of macrosomic births at the Cantonal Hospital Zenica, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Med Glas (Zenica) 2020 Feb 1;17(1). Epub 2020 Feb 1.

Department of Internal Medicine, Cantonal Hospital Zenica, Zenica, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Aim To identify a rate of macrosomic births in a one-year review, associated maternal characteristics and pregnancy outcome. Methods This one-year retrospective review included all macrosomic deliveries at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology at the Cantonal Hospital Zenica between 1 January 2018 and 31 December 2018. The data were collected from maternal and newborn medical records. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17392/1063-20DOI Listing
February 2020

Vaginal microbiota in pregnancy: Role in induction of labor and seeding the neonate''s microbiota?

J Biosci 2019 Oct;44(5)

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland.

Compared to other human microbiota, vaginal microbiota is fairly simple with low bacterial diversity and high relative abundance of Lactobacillus species. Lactobacillus dominance is even more pronounced during pregnancy. Genetic factors, such as ethnicity, along with environmental, individual and lifestyle factors all have an impact on vaginal microbiota composition. Read More

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October 2019

Skin microbiota: Friend or foe in pediatric skin health and skin disease.

Pediatr Dermatol 2019 Nov 6;36(6):815-822. Epub 2019 Oct 6.

Department of Dermatology, Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, Hershey, PA, USA.

The human integument and gastrointestinal tract host unique microbial ecosystems. Within the last decade, research has focused on understanding the contributions of the microbiota to human health and disease. The majority of skin microbiome studies involve adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pde.13955DOI Listing
November 2019
1 Read

Influence of maternal labor time on delta-aminolevulinate dehydratase enzyme activity and markers of oxidative stress in newborns.

Scand J Clin Lab Invest 2019 Nov 8;79(7):496-501. Epub 2019 Sep 8.

Department of Clinical and Toxicology Analysis, Center of Healthy Sciences, Federal University of Santa Maria (UFSM) , Santa Maria , Brazil.

The purpose is to determine markers of oxidative stress related to the longer and shorter duration of labor (DOL) of pregnant women in the umbilical cord blood of neonates, not yet studied. Blood samples from the umbilical cord were collected from pregnant women with normal delivery and classified according to DOL in two groups: a group with DOL less than 310 min ( = 33) and a group with DOL greater than or equal to 310 min ( = 35). The oxidative stress parameters were analyzed by the quantification of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), nitrate/nitrite (NOx), protein thiol groups (P-SH) and non-protein (NP-SH), vitamin C and plasma iron reduction capacity (FRAP), in addition to the activity of the enzyme delta-aminolevulinate dehydratase (δ-ALA-D). Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00365513.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00365513.2019.1661010DOI Listing
November 2019
2 Reads

Umbilical Cord Blood Gas in Newborns with Prenatal Diagnosis of Congenital Heart Disease: Insight into In-Utero and Delivery Hemodynamics.

Pediatr Cardiol 2019 Dec 30;40(8):1575-1583. Epub 2019 Aug 30.

Division of Cardiology, Children's National Medical Center, 111 Michigan Avenue NW, Washington, DC, 20010, USA.

The primary objective was to determine if newborns with congenital heart disease (CHD) are at a higher risk for acidosis at delivery as determined by cord blood gas analysis. The secondary objective was to determine whether specific fetal cardiac diagnosis, delivery method, or duration of labor is associated with an increased risk for acidosis. This was a retrospective study of newborns with CHD diagnosed prenatally and comparable patients without a CHD diagnosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00246-019-02189-xDOI Listing
December 2019
1 Read

Association between fetal sex, birthweight percentile and adverse pregnancy outcome.

Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2020 01 30;99(1):48-58. Epub 2019 Aug 30.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Amsterdam UMC, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Introduction: The objective was to evaluate the association between fetal sex and adverse pregnancy outcome, while correcting for fetal growth and gestational age at delivery.

Material And Methods: Data from the Netherlands Perinatal Registry (1999-2010) were used. The study population comprised all white European women with a singleton delivery between 25 and 42  weeks of gestation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aogs.13709DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6973256PMC
January 2020
3 Reads

Maternal and perinatal outcomes in external cephalic version: prognostic factors for the success of the technique.

J Perinat Med 2019 Sep;47(7):717-723

Maternal Fetal Medicine Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón, Universidad Complutense, 48 O' Donnell Street, 28009 Madrid, Spain.

Background We aimed to analyze the success rate of external cephalic version (ECV) for breech presentations performed in our center between March 2011 and March 2016. We evaluated factors related to a successful ECV, delivery mode, complications and newborn status after ECV. Methods Analysis of assembled data of 327 consecutive ECVs in the third trimester was done. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/jpm-2019-0143DOI Listing
September 2019
2 Reads

Fetal fibronectin testing for reducing the risk of preterm birth.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2019 07 29;7:CD006843. Epub 2019 Jul 29.

Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Thomas Jefferson University, 833 Chestnut Street, Level 1, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA, PA 19107.

Background: Fetal fibronectin (FFN) is an extracellular matrix glycoprotein localized at the maternal-fetal interface of the amniotic membranes, between chorion and decidua, where it is concentrated in this area between decidua and trophoblast. In normal conditions, FFN is found at very low levels in cervicovaginal secretions. Levels greater than or equal to 50 ng/mL at or after 22 weeks have been associated with an increased risk of spontaneous preterm birth. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD006843.pub3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6663121PMC

Comparison of obstetrical interventions in women with vaginal and cesarean section delivered: cross-sectional study in a reference tertiary center in the Northeast of Brazil.

Ceska Gynekol 2019 ;84(3):201-207

Objective: To compare the performance of obstetrical interventions and maternal and perinatal outcomes between vaginal and cesarean delivery routes in pregnant women at normal risk. Type of article: Original article. Desing: Cross-sectional study with 421 participants admitted for spontaneous or induced labor with full-term singleton gestations and fetuses weighing between 2,500 and 4,499 g. Read More

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September 2019
3 Reads

Influence of intrauterine growth restriction on caesarean delivery risk among preterm pregnancies undergoing induction of labor for hypertensive disease.

J Obstet Gynaecol Res 2019 Sep 9;45(9):1860-1865. Epub 2019 Jul 9.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Jewish General Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Aim: To evaluate the effect of intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) on the success rate of labor induction of preterm pregnancies complicated by hypertensive disorders.

Methods: A retrospective cohort study conducted using data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Linked Birth-Infant Death File in the United States from 2009 to 2013. Our cohort included live normal singleton cephalic pregnancies complicated by hypertensive disorders that underwent induction of labor and delivered between 24 and 35. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jog.14062DOI Listing
September 2019

Effect of maternal obesity on pregnancy outcomes in women delivering singleton babies: a historical cohort study.

J Perinat Med 2019 Aug;47(6):625-630

Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Biocruces Health Research Institute, Cruces University Hospital (UPV/EHU), Vizcaya, Spain.

Background Obesity in pregnancy is increasing worldwide, reaching epidemic proportions in many countries and frequently creating challenges for obstetricians. We conducted this study to assess the effects of maternal obesity on maternal and perinatal outcomes. Methods A historical cohort study was performed on 16,609 women who delivered singleton babies in a 5-year period (2013-2017). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/jpm-2019-0103DOI Listing
August 2019
6 Reads

Can we predict preterm delivery in patients with premature rupture of membranes?

Arch Gynecol Obstet 2019 09 23;300(3):615-621. Epub 2019 May 23.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Meir Medical Center, 59 Tchernichovsky St., Kfar Saba, Israel.

Purpose: To characterize the parameters that predict preterm delivery in patients with preterm, premature rupture of membranes.

Methods: This retrospective cohort study included women diagnosed with preterm premature rupture of membranes at 24-34 weeks gestation. Demographics, medical history, laboratory tests, and delivery data were reviewed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00404-019-05196-8DOI Listing
September 2019
6 Reads

Birth preparedness, readiness planning and associated factors among mothers in Farta district, Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 May 15;19(1):171. Epub 2019 May 15.

Department of Midwifery, College of Health Sciences, Debretabor University, P.O. Box: 272, Debretabor, Ethiopia.

Background: Birth Preparedness and Complication Readiness (BP/CR) is the process of planning for normal birth and anticipating actions needed in case of emergency. Even though there is no adequate evidences on determinant factors, women and newborn need timely access to skilled care during pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period. The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with the practice of birth preparedness and complication readiness plan among women who gave birth in the last 12 months in Farta District, Ethiopia, 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2325-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6521428PMC
May 2019
2 Reads

Three Consecutive Pregnancies in a Patient with Chronic Autoimmune Thyroid Disease Associated with Hypothyroidism and Extremely High Levels of Anti-Thyrotropin Receptor Antibodies.

Thyroid 2019 05;29(5):743-747

1 Service d'Endocrinologie - Diabète - Nutrition Reims, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Reims, Champagne-Ardenne, France.

Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) receptor (TSHR) antibodies (TRAb) can be present in chronic autoimmune thyroiditis. Transplacental TRAb transfer can lead to fetal thyroid dysfunction and serious complications. We report the case of a woman with autoimmune hypothyroidism and extremely high TRAb levels, with blocking and stimulating activities (biological activities characterized with Chinese hamster ovary cells expressing TSHR). Read More

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https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/thy.2018.0098
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/thy.2018.0098DOI Listing
May 2019
31 Reads

Breech delivery, rupture of Batson's plexus, T8 epidural hematoma, and paraplegia.

J Neonatal Perinatal Med 2019 ;12(3):325-331

Creighton University School of Medicine Phoenix Regional Campus, St Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center, Phoenix, Arizona, USA.

A male newborn born by an atraumatic vaginal frank breech delivery was noted to have normal limb movement at birth. However, at 24 hours the neonate developed paraplegia with no evidence of spinal cord injury on radiographic films. Ultrasound and MRI demonstrated an epidural hematoma at the level of T8 and distal cord edema which extended to the conus medullaris. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/NPM-180080DOI Listing
February 2020
17 Reads

Quality of intrapartum care for healthy women with spontaneous onset of labour in Rwanda: A health facility-based, cross-sectional study.

Sex Reprod Healthc 2019 Mar 17;19:78-83. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Objective: To investigate the quality of intrapartum care provided at Rwandan healthcare facilities to women undergoing normal pregnancy and spontaneous full-term labour.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted over eight weeks during 2014-2015 in 18 healthcare facilities in Kigali City and the Northern Province: eight health centres, seven district hospitals, one provincial hospital, one private hospital, and one referral hospital. Data were collected from medical records and a questionnaire including the Bologna score with its five variables: presence of a companion, use of partograph, no augmentation of labour, birth in a non-supine position, and skin-to skin contact. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.srhc.2019.01.002DOI Listing

Protocol for the prospective observational clinical study: estimation of fetal weight by MRI to PREdict neonatal MACROsomia (PREMACRO study) and small-for-gestational age neonates.

BMJ Open 2019 03 27;9(3):e027160. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Hospital Brugmann, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium.

Introduction: Macrosomia refers to growth beyond a specific threshold, regardless of gestational age. These fetuses are also frequently referred to as large for gestational age (LGA). Various cut-offs have been used but for research purposes, a cut-off above the 95th centile for birth weight is often preferred because it defines 90% of the population as normal weight. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-027160DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6475185PMC
March 2019
18 Reads

Occipital mass in antenatal sonography.

J Neonatal Perinatal Med 2019 ;12(3):321-324

Department of Pediatrics, Staten Island University Hospital Northwell Health, Staten Island, NY, USA.

Biophysical profile (BPP) with ultrasound performed for a 32-year-old G5P3013 admitted at 31 weeks gestation with preterm, premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) noted an extracalvarial mass concerning for an encephalocele. Fetal MRI demonstrated edema over the occiput with no definable lesion visualized. Preterm labor requiring Cesarean delivery resulted in a live male neonate at 33 weeks gestation. Read More

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https://www.medra.org/servlet/aliasResolver?alias=iospress&a
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/NPM-1872DOI Listing
February 2020
20 Reads

Impact of gestational weight gain on perinatal outcomes after a bariatric surgery.

J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod 2019 Jun 19;48(6):401-405. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Department of Obstetrics, Jeanne de Flandre Hospital, University Hospital of Lille, Lille 59000, France; EA 4489-Perinatal, Environment and health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Lille, Lille 59000, France.

Background: Recommendations by the Institute of Medicine (IOM) on gestational weight gain (GWG) for women with histories of bariatric surgery have yet to be studied.

Objectives: To describe GWG in women with histories of bariatric surgery and to investigate the relationship between GWG and maternal and neonatal outcomes.

Study Design: A bicentric retrospective study on the medical charts of pregnant women with histories of bariatric surgery who delivered between 2003 and 2017 in two level III maternity units. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jogoh.2019.03.001DOI Listing
June 2019
8 Reads

Michigan cohorts to determine associations of maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index with pregnancy and infant gastrointestinal microbial communities: Late pregnancy and early infancy.

PLoS One 2019 18;14(3):e0213733. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, United States of America.

Background: About 25% of women in the United States are obese prior to becoming pregnant. Although there is some knowledge about the relationship between the gastrointestinal microbiota and obesity, little is known about the relationship between pre-pregnancy obesity and the gastrointestinal microbiota in pregnancy or its impact on infant gut microbiota. However, the composition of the gut microbiota early in life may influence childhood health. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0213733PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6422265PMC
December 2019
2 Reads

The impact of birth anesthesia on the parameters of oxygenation and acid-base balance in umbilical cord blood.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2019 Feb 10:1-8. Epub 2019 Feb 10.

b Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Uniwersytet Warminsko-Mazurski Wydzial Nauk Medycznych , Olsztyn , Poland.

Background: There is a great number of studies dealing with the impact of birth anesthesia on the course of labor and condition of the newborn. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of birth anesthesia on the parameters of oxygenation and acid-base balance in umbilical cord blood.

Methods: Subjects were divided into four groups: vaginal delivery without anesthesia, vaginal delivery with epidural anesthesia, delivery by cesarean section under a subarachnoid block, and delivery by cesarean section under general anesthesia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14767058.2019.1574740DOI Listing
February 2019
9 Reads

Effectiveness of a Novel Continuous Doppler (Moyo) Versus Intermittent Doppler in Intrapartum Detection of Abnormal Foetal Heart Rate: A Randomised Controlled Study in Tanzania.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 01 24;16(3). Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Stavanger, 4036 Stavanger, Norway.

: Intrapartum foetal heart rate (FHR) monitoring is crucial for identification of hypoxic foetuses and subsequent interventions. We compared continuous monitoring using a novel nine-crystal FHR monitor (Moyo) versus intermittent single crystal Doppler (Doppler) for the detection of abnormal FHR. : An unmasked randomised controlled study was conducted in a tertiary hospital in Tanzania (ClinicalTrials. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16030315DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6388236PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Timely initiation of breastfeeding among first time mothers in Bahir Dar city, North West, Ethiopia, 2016.

Pediatr Res 2019 04 19;85(5):612-616. Epub 2019 Jan 19.

Lecturer, Department of public health, Addis Ababa University College of Health Sciences School of Allied Health Sciences, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Background: Timely initiation of breastfeeding is one important intervention to prevent childhood morbidities and mortalities. Globally, not more than 35 and 39% in developing countries, 52% in Ethiopia and 38% in Amhara region were initiated with breastfeeding early.

Methods: A community based cross-sectional study was conducted from 20 March to April, 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41390-019-0299-6DOI Listing
April 2019
5 Reads

[Induction of Labour In Growth Restricted and Small for Gestational Age Fetuses - A Historical Cohort Study].

Z Geburtshilfe Neonatol 2019 Feb 16;223(1):40-47. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

Frauenklinik, Universitätsklinikum Erlangen, Erlangen.

Purpose: Induction of labour for small-for-gestational-age (SGA) foetus or intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is common, but data are limited. The aim of this trial was therefore to compare labour induction for SGA/IUGR with cases with normal fetal growth beyond the 10 percentile.

Material And Methods: This historical multicentre cohort study included singleton pregnancies at term. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0809-6110DOI Listing
February 2019
6 Reads

Association between fetal macrosomia and risk of obesity in children under 3 years in Western China: a cohort study.

World J Pediatr 2019 Apr 11;15(2):153-160. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Chinese Evidence-based Medicine Center, Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Evidence-based Medicine, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, No. 37 Guoxue Alley, Chengdu, 610041, Sichuan, China.

Background: Fetal macrosomia, defined as birth weight equal or over 4000 g, is a major concern for both neonatal and maternal health. A rapid increasing trend in fetal macrosomia is observed in different regions of China. We aimed to examine the association between fetal macrosomia and risk of childhood obesity in Western China. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12519-018-0218-7DOI Listing
April 2019
12 Reads

Effects of maternal obesity on the success of assisted vaginal delivery in Chinese women.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2018 Dec 27;18(1):509. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Liaocheng People's Hospital, Liaocheng, 252000, Shandong Province, People's Republic of China.

Background: We examined the influence of pre-pregnancy body weight on the rates of attempted and successfully assisted-vaginal delivery.

Methods: We used 2008-2016 inpatient records including 3408 women who had singleton gestations and needed operative delivery assistance to conduct a retrospective cohort study. Patients were categorized based on pre-pregnancy BMI (normal weight = 18. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-018-2151-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307111PMC
December 2018
8 Reads

Recent Lifestyle Parameters Are Associated with Increasing Caesarean Section Rates among Singleton Term Births in Austria.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 12 21;16(1). Epub 2018 Dec 21.

Clinic for Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Danube Hospital, A-1220 Vienna, Austria.

Caesarean section (CS) rates are increasing in many parts of the world, recently reaching about 20% worldwide. The postmodern lifestyle characteristics, obesity and delayed childbirth, have been put forward as the main reasons for high CS rates. The present study tests the association patterns between lifestyle parameters and delivery mode on a data set of 3786 births in Vienna between 2005 and 2013. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16010014DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6338883PMC
December 2018
11 Reads

Type 2 diabetes mellitus in pregnancy: The impact of maternal weight and early glycaemic control on outcomes.

Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2019 Feb 13;233:53-57. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Qatar Metabolic Institute, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar.

Objectives: To study the pregnancy outcomes in women with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and to relate these to maternal risk factors.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective study of 419 women with T2DM (index group)- who attended our diabetes in pregnancy clinic at the Hamad Women's Hospital, Doha, between March 2015 and December 2016 -and 1419 normoglycaemic women (control group).

Results: Compared with the controls, T2DM women were older (mean age 34. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03012115183113
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejogrb.2018.12.008DOI Listing
February 2019
42 Reads

Perineal prevention and protection in obstetrics: CNGOF clinical practice guidelines.

J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod 2019 Sep 12;48(7):455-460. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Obs/Gyn, Epidemiologist. INSERM CIC1402, Université de Poitiers, CHU de Poitiers, France. Electronic address:

Introduction: The objective of these clinical practice guidelines was to analyse all of the interventions during pregnancy and childbirth that might prevent obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIS) and postnatal pelvic floor symptoms.

Material And Methods: These guidelines were developed in accordance with the methods prescribed by the French Health Authority (HAS).

Results: A prenatal clinical examination of the perineum is recommended for women with a history of Crohn's disease, OASIS, genital mutilation, or perianal lesions (professional consensus). Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S24687847183051
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jogoh.2018.12.002DOI Listing
September 2019
19 Reads

[Effect of oxytocin on the levels of malondialdehyde, nitric oxide, and s100b protein in newborns].

Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica 2018 Jul-Sep;35(3):449-455

. Hospital III Yanahuara. Arequipa, Perú.

Objectives: To assess the effects of the administration of oxytocin during labor management on the levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), nitric oxide (NO), and S100B protein in newborns.

Materials And Methods: We selected 80 term pregnant women without obstetric and fetal pathology, forming two groups: pregnant women with normal delivery and pregnant women conducted with oxytocin. Blood was collected immediately after delivery from the umbilical cord vein to measure MDA, ON and from the artery for protein S100B. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17843/rpmesp.2018.353.3305.DOI Listing
June 2019
6 Reads

[Treatment of HIV in Pregnancy - Progress Over One Decade].

Z Geburtshilfe Neonatol 2019 Feb 4;223(1):26-32. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Medizinische Klinik und Poliklinik I, Universitätsklinikum Bonn, Bonn.

Introduction: Worldwide, 37 million people are infected with HIV; more than 50% are women. Currently, MTCT (mother-to-child transmission) can be reduced to<1%. The intention of the present study was to analyze the development of (1) the course of pregnancy of HIV-infected women, (2) the mode of delivery and (3) the post-exposure prophylaxis of the newborn over the last decade. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0741-7700DOI Listing
February 2019
12 Reads

Comparison of Serum Electrolytes Abnormality and Renal Function Status in Asphyxiated and Normal Baby in a Tertiary Level Hospital.

Mymensingh Med J 2018 Oct;27(4):723-729

Dr Mrinal Kanti Das, Assistant Registrar, Department of Paediatrics, Mymensingh Medical College Hospital (MMCH), Mymensingh, Bangladesh.

Complication of perinatal asphyxia is a major cause of neonatal mortality & morbidity in developing countries. This comparative cross sectional study was conducted in Mymensingh Medical College Hospital, Mymensingh, Bangladesh from May 2012 to September 2012 to determine electrolytes & renal function status in perinatal asphyxia & their impact on outcome. Thirty term normal birth weight babies with perinatal asphyxia in neonatal ward were included as a case group and thirty term normal birth weight neonates of same gestational age, without perinatal asphyxia in the department of Gynae & Obs were enrolled as a control group. Read More

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October 2018
7 Reads

Maternal serum vitamin D levels and preterm delivery among low-risk parturients in Lagos, Nigeria.

Int J Gynaecol Obstet 2019 Feb 10;144(2):216-220. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Idi-Araba, Lagos, Nigeria.

Objective: To determine the association between low maternal vitamin D levels and preterm delivery among parturients in Lagos, Nigeria.

Methods: The present study was an analytical cross-sectional study of women with preterm deliveries (defined as <37 weeks) and women with term deliveries (defined as ≥37 weeks) at the labor unit of Lagos University Teaching Hospital between December 1, 2015, and October 31, 2016. Relevant information was obtained via a proforma, and maternal venous samples were collected immediately after delivery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ijgo.12719DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6320281PMC
February 2019
15 Reads
1.563 Impact Factor

Preterm Labor Caused by Hemolysis, Elevated Liver Enzymes, Low Platelet Count (HELLP) Syndrome and Postpartum Infection Complicated with Actinomyces Species: A Case Report.

Am J Case Rep 2018 Nov 13;19:1350-1353. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Department of Infectious Disease Pharmacy, Piedmont Columbus Regional Health, Columbus, GA, USA.

BACKGROUND Actinomyces species are normal flora of the upper respiratory, female genital, and gastrointestinal tract. Actinomyces species are generally considered to have a low virulence potential. Here we report one case of Actinomyces viscosus isolated from a neonatal blood culture as a consequence of extreme prematurity in the presence of HELLP (hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, low platelet count) syndrome. Read More

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https://www.amjcaserep.com/abstract/index/idArt/911374
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/AJCR.911374DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6240930PMC
November 2018
29 Reads

Complete molar pregnancy coexisting with a normal fetus in the third trimester.

Am J Obstet Gynecol 2019 06 9;220(6):600-601. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

University of Connecticut School of Medicine, Farmington, CT. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajog.2018.11.126DOI Listing

Childbirth experiences and their derived meaning: a qualitative study among postnatal mothers in Mbale regional referral hospital, Uganda.

Reprod Health 2018 Nov 3;15(1):183. Epub 2018 Nov 3.

Department of Nursing, Makerere University, College of Health Sciences, P.O Box 7072, Kampala, Uganda.

Background: Evidence shows that negative childbirth experiences may lead to undesirable effects including failure to breastfeed, reduced love for the baby, emotional upsets, post-traumatic disorders and depression among mothers. Understanding childbirth experiences and their meaning could be important in planning individualized care for mothers. The purpose of this study was to explore childbirth experiences and their meaning among postnatal mothers. Read More

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https://reproductive-health-journal.biomedcentral.com/articl
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-018-0628-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6215682PMC
November 2018
35 Reads