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Rekonstruktive und Ästhetische Intimchirurgie.

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Aktuelle Urol 2018 Dec 6;49(6):470-471. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

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December 2018
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Muskelinvasives Blasenkarzinom: neue Therapiestrategie bei Cisplatin-Resistenz.

Authors:

Aktuelle Urol 2018 Dec 6;49(6):470. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

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December 2018
1 Read

Symptomatische BPH: Wie effektiv ist die 5α-Reduktasehemmer-Monotherapie?

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Aktuelle Urol 2018 Dec 6;49(6):468-469. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

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December 2018
1 Read

Enuresis nocturna: was bringt die transkutane elektrische Nervenstimulation?

Authors:

Aktuelle Urol 2018 Dec 6;49(6):464-468. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

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December 2018
1 Read

Überaktive Blase bei Kindern und Jugendlichen: Solifenacin effektiv und sicher.

Authors:

Aktuelle Urol 2018 Dec 6;49(6):462. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

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December 2018
2 Reads

TENS plus Oxybutynin bei Urgeinkontinenz im Kindesalter.

Authors:

Aktuelle Urol 2018 Dec 6;49(6):462-463. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

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December 2018
2 Reads

Editorial.

Aktuelle Urol 2018 Dec 6;49(6):451-452. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

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December 2018
1 Read

Neuropathic Pain.

Semin Neurol 2018 Dec 6;38(6):644-653. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Neurology, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts.

Neuropathic pain management is challenging, and typically requires a multifaceted approach. There are several treatment options, both pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic. Of the available pharmacologic agents, those with the strongest supporting evidence include tricyclic antidepressants, serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors, and certain antiseizure agents. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Myofascial Pain.

Semin Neurol 2018 Dec 6;38(6):640-643. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Neurology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts.

Myofascial pain syndromes arise from acute and chronic musculoskeletal pain and often have a referred neuropathic component. It affects more than three quarters of the world's population and is one of the most important and overlooked causes of disability. The origins of pain are thought to reside anywhere between the motor end plate and the fibrous outer covering of the muscle, with involvement of microvasculature and neurotransmitters at the cellular level. Read More

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December 2018
4 Reads

Radicular Pain Syndromes: Cervical, Lumbar, and Spinal Stenosis.

Semin Neurol 2018 Dec 6;38(6):634-639. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Neurology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston University Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts.

Back pain is a top primary and urgent care complaint; radicular pain can be caused by herniation of the nucleus pulposus (intervertebral disc), spinal stenosis, or degenerative changes to the vertebrae. The focus of this clinical review will be the clinical approach and treatment of lumbar radicular pain, cervical radicular pain, and spinal stenosis. Usually localized through neurological history, exam, and imaging, specific signs and symptoms for lumbar radicular, spinal stenosis, and cervical radicular pain can help determine etiology. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Posttraumatic Headache.

Authors:
Brigid Dwyer

Semin Neurol 2018 Dec 6;38(6):619-626. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Neurology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts.

Posttraumatic headaches are among the most challenging complaints after mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). They are a debilitating problem experienced by patients after TBI of all severities. Up to 90% of mild TBI patients experience headache, particularly if female and with a premorbid history of primary headache. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Migraine and Tension-Type Headache.

Semin Neurol 2018 Dec 6;38(6):608-618. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Neurology, Boston Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts.

Migraine and tension-type headache (TTH) are common primary disorders that carry significant morbidity and socioeconomic effect. In this article, we will review the epidemiology, presentation, and diagnosis of these disorders. First-line acute treatment for migraine consists of analgesics, triptans, and antiemetics, while nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are the mainstay treatment for TTH. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Cluster Headache and Other Trigeminal Autonomic Cephalalgias.

Authors:
Brian E McGeeney

Semin Neurol 2018 Dec 6;38(6):603-607. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Neurology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts.

The trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias are a group of distinct primary headache disorders that share common characteristics of strict unilateral headache often accompanied by unilateral cranial autonomic features. Cluster headache is the most well-known example, but other than neurologists, practitioners often have limited familiarity with these disorders and treatment options. Delays in diagnosis are typical and treatment options remain suboptimal, associated with limited scientific research into these brain disorders. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Headache and Pain.

Semin Neurol 2018 Dec 6;38(6):601-602. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Neurology, Boston University Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts.

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December 2018

Shuhan Zhu, MD and James Otis, MD, FAAN.

Authors:
David M Greer

Semin Neurol 2018 Dec 6;38(6):599-600. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Neurology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts.

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December 2018
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In silico Leishmania proteome mining applied to identify drug target potential to be used to treat against visceral and tegumentary leishmaniasis.

J Mol Graph Model 2018 Nov 29;87:89-97. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde: Infectologia e Medicina Tropical, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil; Departamento de Patologia Clínica, COLTEC, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Electronic address:

New therapeutic strategies against leishmaniasis are desirable, since the treatment against disease presents problems, such as the toxicity, high cost and/or parasite resistance. As consequence, new antileishmanial compounds are necessary to be identified, as presenting high activity against Leishmania, but low toxicity in mammalian hosts. In the present study, a Leishmania proteome mining strategy was developed, in order to select new drug targets with low homology to human proteins, but that are considered relevant for the parasite' survival. Read More

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November 2018
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Management of slurry in Gran Canaria Island with full-scale natural treatment systems for wastewater (NTSW). One year experience in livestock farms.

J Environ Manage 2018 Dec 3;232:666-678. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Institute for Environmental Studies and Natural Resources (i-UNAT), University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain. Electronic address:

The aim of this work is to describe the performance of three full-scale natural treatment systems for wastewater, which operated in an integrated manner in livestock pig farms (1000-1500pigsintotal) over one year. Slurry management was performed with these natural treatment systems operating under the normal waste loading conditions of the livestock farms in which were integrated. The systems were comprised of elements such as first generation digesters, subsurface flow constructed wetlands and facultative ponds. Read More

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December 2018
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An approach to the implementation of Low Impact Development measures towards an EcoCampus classification.

J Environ Manage 2018 Dec 3;232:654-659. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

ECT-School of Science and Technology, University of Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro UTAD, Quinta de Prados, 5000-801 Vila Real, Portugal; Centre for Transdisciplinary Development Studies, University of Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Quinta de Prados, 5000-801 Vila Real, Portugal.

Impervious cover has important hydrologic impacts, namely the increased runoff volume and peak discharges in the rainwater network, which can lead to significant consequences like rapid urban floods with social, environmental and economic implications. LID (Low Impact Development) consist of distributed runoff management measures, like green roofs, pervious pavements, waterways covered with vegetation and filter trails, among others, that seek to control stormwater in the origin, reducing imperviousness. These solutions avoid increased runoff rate and volume, increase infiltration and groundwater recharge. Read More

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December 2018

Occurrence and levels of micropollutants across environmental and engineered compartments in Austria.

J Environ Manage 2018 Dec 3;232:636-653. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Institute for Water Quality and Resource Management, TU Wien, Karlsplatz 13/226, 1040, Vienna, Austria.

Occurrence and concentration of a broad spectrum of micropollutants are investigated in Austrian river catchments, namely polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), organotin compounds, perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) and metals. The parallel analysis across multiple environmental and engineered compartments sheds light on the ratio of dissolved and particulate transport and on differences in concentration levels between point and diffuse emission pathways. It is found that some PAHs and organotins are present in rivers, groundwater and bulk deposition at higher concentrations than in municipal wastewater effluents. Read More

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December 2018
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Patient readiness for hospital discharge and its relationship to discharge preparation and structural factors: A cross-sectional study.

Int J Nurs Stud 2018 Nov 19;90:13-20. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Institute of Nursing Science, University of Basel, Bernoullistrasse 28, 4056 Basel, Switzerland; Inselspital Bern University Hospital, Nursing Research Unit, 3010 Bern, Switzerland.

Background: Nursing discharge preparation is vital to successful hospital-to-home transitions. However, despite a wealth of evidence on its effectiveness, little is known of the structure- and process-related factors that facilitate or impede its use in clinical practice. Specifically, the associations between unit size and type, leadership support, skill mix, staffing, nurse and patient characteristics, discharge teaching and patient readiness for discharge have rarely been studied. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Seasonal occurrence and fate of chiral pharmaceuticals in different sewage treatment systems in Hong Kong: Mass balance, enantiomeric profiling, and risk assessment.

Water Res 2018 Nov 9;149:607-616. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

State Key Laboratory of Marine Pollution (SKLMP), Research Centre for the Oceans and Human Health, Shenzhen Key Laboratory for the Sustainable Use of Marine Biodiversity, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China; Department of Chemistry, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China. Electronic address:

Concern about the presence of chiral pharmaceuticals in the environment from wastewater discharge is mounting. In this work, the occurrence and fate of atenolol, metoprolol, venlafaxine, and chloramphenicol, including 10 different stereoisomers, were investigated in sewage and sludge from diverse treatment processes in 4 sewage treatment plants (STPs) in Hong Kong via 4 sampling campaigns over a period of 2 years. The average amounts of individual pharmaceuticals entering the STPs ranged from 4. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

On-line measurement of fluorescent aerosols near an industrial zone in the Yangtze River Delta region using a wideband integrated bioaerosol spectrometer.

Sci Total Environ 2018 Nov 26;656:447-457. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Collaborative Innovation Center of Atmospheric Environment and Equipment Technology, Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology, Nanjing 210044, China. Electronic address:

In this work, we present on-line fluorescent aerosol measurements by the wideband integrated bioaerosol spectrometer (WIBS-4A) near an industrial zone in Nanjing, a megacity in the Yangtze-River-Delta (YRD) region. The fieldwork was conducted from April 1 to May 8, 2014. A TSI. Read More

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November 2018
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Healed impact trauma to a Neolithic cattle frontal bone: A posthuman perspective.

Int J Paleopathol 2018 Dec 3;24:197-200. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

School of Archaeology and Ancient History, University of Leicester, University Road, Leicester, LE1 7RH, UK. Electronic address:

Trauma associated with slaughter is identified occasionally archaeologically in the cranial remains of domesticated animals, with evidence for pole-axing occurring in Europe, especially from the Roman period onwards. The injury typically extends through the frontal bone and sinuses to penetrate the braincase, causing haemorrhage, loss of consciousness, brain damage, and death. Evidence for slaughter methods in the British Neolithic, however, is lacking. Read More

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December 2018
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A 'Fingerprint' of locomotor maturation: Motor development descriptors, reference development bands and data-set.

Gait Posture 2018 Nov 29;68:232-237. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Electrical, Electronic and Information Engineering "Guglielmo Marconi", University of Bologna, Via del Risorgimento 2, 40136 Bologna, Italy.

Background: When aiming at studying and monitoring locomotor development in childhood, innovative indexes for the characterization of motor control performance and wearable technologies have highlighted the potential of significant advances. In particular, quantitative assessment of motor performance during natural walking (NW) and tandem walking (TW) has been proposed to highlight manifestations of motor automaticity and complexity, respectively.

Research Question: This work aims at providing a quantitative overview of metrics characterizing locomotor maturation in a typically developing population, by analysing NW and TW. Read More

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November 2018

Neuromuscular activation of the knee and hip extensor muscles during high-intensity interval and moderate-intensity constant cycling.

J Electromyogr Kinesiol 2018 Nov 28;44:64-69. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Research Center of Health, Physical Fitness & Sports, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan; Graduate School of Education and Human Development, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan.

We aimed to test the hypothesis that the magnitude of differences in muscle activation of the knee and hip extensor muscles between high-intensity interval exercise (HIE) and moderate-intensity constant exercise (CE) would be greater for the gluteus maximus than for the quadriceps femoris muscle. Participants were 11 male middle- or long-distance runners. The HIE (4 sets, 4-min induration, performed at 80-85%VO and followed by a 3-min period of cycling at < 30%VO) and CE (28-min, performed at or near 60%VO) were completed on different days, with the total exercise duration and work being identical for both protocols. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Engineering of pectin-dopamine nano-conjugates for carrying ruthenium complex: A potential tool for biomedical applications.

J Inorg Biochem 2018 Nov 28;191:135-142. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Institute of Environmental Toxicology and Environmental Ecology, Yancheng Teachers University, Yancheng City, Jiangsu Province 224007, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

In this work, we designed polysaccharide-metal complex of dopamine-modified pectin linking ruthenium compound, which exhibited a certain inhibition specificity to human renal cell adenocarcinoma cell line 786-O. The chemical structure and physical properties of the polysaccharide-metal complex were well characterized by multiple analysis methods. The multi-spectral results revealed that pectin-dopamine have been successfully coordinated by ruthenium complex to form nano-conjugates, which self-assembled into relatively regular nanospheres of approximately 200 nm. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Dynamic functional connectivity during task performance and rest predicts individual differences in attention across studies.

Neuroimage 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Psychology, Yale University, USA; Department of Neuroscience, Yale School of Medicine, USA; Interdepartmental Neuroscience Program, Yale University, USA.

Dynamic functional connectivity (DFC) aims to maximize resolvable information from functional brain scans by considering temporal changes in network structure. Recent work has demonstrated that static, i.e. Read More

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December 2018

22kHz and 55kHz ultrasonic vocalizations differentially influence neural and behavioral outcomes: Implications for modeling anxiety via auditory stimuli in the rat.

Behav Brain Res 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Developmental Neuropsychobiology Lab, Department of Psychology, Northeastern University, 360 Huntington Ave NI125, Boston, MA, 02115, United States. Electronic address:

The communicative role of ultrasonic vocalizations (USVs) in rats is well established, with distinct USVs indicative of different affective states. USVs in the 22 kHz range are typically emitted by adult rats when in anxiety- or fear-provoking situations (e.g. Read More

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December 2018

Nano-encapsulation using macrocyclic carbohydrate polymers (β-cyclodextrins) of Periploca angustifolia extract: Physical stability and protective effect against cadmium-induced alterations in HepG2 cells.

Int J Biol Macromol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

University of Sfax Tunisia, Faculty of Sciences, Department of Life Sciences, Laboratory of Biodiversity and Aquatic Ecosystems, Ecology and Planktonology, Unit UR 11 ES 72/Street of Soukra Km 3,5, B.P. 1171, CP 3000, Tunisia.

The nano-encapsulation of Periploca angustifolia phenolic extract using the macrocyclic carbohydrate polymers (β‑cyclodextrins) is a most approach compared with other encapsulation methods. In this work, the β‑Cyclodextrins-PAE complex stability has been evaluated by advanced analytical methods and techniques including HPLC, FTIR and XRD. The results showed that CdCl treatment caused a significant decrease in cell viability. Read More

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December 2018
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Tuning the ring strain effect in acridine derivatives on binding affinity with G-quadruplex-DNA: A computational and experimental study.

Int J Biol Macromol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Computation and Simulation Unit (Analytical and Environmental Science Division and Centralized Instrument Facility), CSIR-Central Salt & Marine Chemicals Research Institute, India; Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research, CSIR-CSMCRI, Bhavnagar, Gujarat 364 002, India. Electronic address:

Search for inhibitors to stabilize the telomeric G-quadruplex in order to deter telomerase activity is an active area of research. Inhibitors play an important role to initiate the tumor cell mortalization process. This work reports for the first time of acridine derivative with four membered ammonium rings at the side chain to surpass the binding ability against BRACO-19 with G-quadruplex-DNA. Read More

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December 2018
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Combined synergetic potential of metformin loaded pectin-chitosan biohybrids nanoparticle for NIDDM.

Int J Biol Macromol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Pharmaceutics, GITAM University, Rushikonda, Visakapatnam 530045, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Rationale: Combined therapy is a promising approach over its preference to minimize the dose, adverse effects and enhanced therapeutic efficiency in a various diseases including diabetes.

Aim: The present research work is to explore combined synergistic anti-diabetic potential of chitosan and pectin with Metformin (CPM) nano-formulation, with special emphasis on effect of Metformin when integrated with bio polymers.

Methods: The biohybrid nanoparticles (CPMNP) were formulated by ionic gelation process. Read More

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December 2018

Pilot-scale isolation and characterization of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) from cell-free medium of Spirulina sp. LEB-18 cultures under outdoor conditions.

Int J Biol Macromol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

College of Pharmacy, Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, Brazil.

This objective of this work was to monitor the EPS production during the growth of Spirulina sp. LEB-18, evaluate the productivity and to characterize the exopolymers obtained on pilot-scale under outdoor conditions. The production of crude EPS occurred in all phases of biomass growth and was approximately ten folds higher than that biomass concentration of Spirulina sp. Read More

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December 2018

Anticancer activity modulation of an innovative solid formulation of extra virgin olive oil by cultured zeolite scaffolds.

Food Chem Toxicol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Research Institute on Membrane Technology, Unit of Zeolite Membranes, ITM-CNR, University of Calabria, Cubo 17/c, 87036, Rende, Italy.

This paper deals with the design and manufacture of pure and hybrid synthetic (Mixed Matrix Membranes, MMMs) zeolite scaffolds (containing various amount of zeolite crystals dispersed in a polymeric matrix) to obtain new biomaterials. These scaffolds can potentially be used in the field of translational medicine to obtain innovative results to address tumorigenesis mechanisms with the promotion of an effort to deal with technical methods and information. Since olive oil has beneficial effects in healthy human cells and slows down and/or inhibits cell growth, the aim of this work was to monitor the protective and beneficial antitumor effects of olive oil in a new solid formulation (Spread Bio-Oil) on cancer cell cultured on zeolite scaffolds. Read More

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December 2018

Neuroevolution as a Tool for Microarray Gene Expression Pattern Identification in Cancer Research.

J Biomed Inform 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Institute of Informatics, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil. Electronic address:

Microarrays are still one of the major techniques employed to study cancer biology. However, the identification of expression patterns from microarray datasets is still a significant challenge to overcome. In this work, a new approach using Neuroevolution, a machine learning field that combines neural networks and evolutionary computation, provides aid in this challenge by simultaneously classifying microarray data and selecting the subset of more relevant genes. Read More

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December 2018
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Genetic inactivation of hypoxia inducible factor 1-alpha (HIF-1α) in adult hippocampal progenitors impairs neurogenesis and pattern discrimination learning.

Neurobiol Learn Mem 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Neuroscience, University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center, Albuquerque, New Mexico. Electronic address:

HIF-1α is a hypoxia-inducible protein that regulates many cellular processes, including neural stem cell maintenance. Previous work demonstrated constitutive stabilization of HIF-1α in neural stem cells (NSCs) of the adult mouse subventricular zone (SVZ) and hippocampal subgranular zone (SGZ). Genetic inactivation of NSC-encoded HIF-1α in the adult SVZ results in gradual loss of NSCs, but whether HIF-1α is required for the maintenance of SGZ hippocampal progenitors and adult hippocampal neurogenesis has not been determined. Read More

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December 2018

Development and biochemical characterization of a mouse model of Parkinson's disease bearing defective glucocerebrosidase activity.

Neurobiol Dis 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Laboratory of Functional Neurochemistry, IRCCS Mondino Foundation, Pavia, Italy. Electronic address:

GBA1 gene encode for the lysosomal membrane protein glucocerebrosidase (GCase). GBA1 heterozygous mutations profoundly impair GCase activity and are currently recognized as an important risk factor for the development of Parkinson's disease (PD). Deficits in lysosomal degradation pathways may contribute to pathological α-synuclein accumulation, thereby favoring dopaminergic neuron degeneration and associated microglial activation. Read More

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December 2018

Race and income moderate the association between depressive symptoms and obesity.

Prev Med 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Community Health Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles, United States of America.

Complex interrelationships between race, sex, obesity and depression have been well-documented. Because of differences in associations between socioeconomic status (SES) and health by race, determining the role of SES may help to further explicate these relationships. The aim of this study was to determine how race and income interact with obesity on depression. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Winning smiles: Signalling reward by overlapping and non-overlapping emotional valence differentially affects performance and neural activity.

Neuropsychologia 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Experimental Psychology, Ghent University.

It is well-known that both emotional and motivational events greatly impact our behaviour. Based on previous work on the interplay between these two constructs, the present study aimed to test whether and how concurrent emotion and reward signals interact in terms of their basic valence, when both are equally relevant to the task. To this end, we employed a novel fMRI paradigm in which reward availability was explicitly signalled by positive, neutral, or negative facial expressions (using block-wise instructions). Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

A diagnostic study comparing conventional and real-time PCR for Strongyloides stercoralis on urine and on faecal samples.

Acta Trop 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Centre for Tropical Diseases, IRCCS Sacro Cuore Don Calabria Hospital, Negrar 37024, Italy.

Strongyloides stercoralis is a soil-transmitted helminth with a wide distribution in tropical and subtropical areas. The diagnosis of S. stercoralisinfection can be challenging, due to the low sensitivity of microscopic examination of stool samples and coproculture. Read More

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December 2018

Economic cost of malaria at household in high and low transmission areas of central India.

Authors:
Mrigendra Singh

Acta Trop 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

ICMR-National Institute of Malaria Research Field Unit Jablpur, Epidemiology, ICMR-NIRTH Campus, Nagpur Road, 482003, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, India. Electronic address:

The cost burden of malaria at the household level, resulting from complex social, economic, and epidemiological factors, is enormous. This study was carried out to estimate the economic burden of malaria at the household level in low and high malaria transmission areas of central India. We conducted surveys with households in which at least one member had suffered from malaria in the three months preceding the survey. Read More

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December 2018
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The potential role of the sphaeractinomyxon collective group (Cnidaria, Myxozoa) in the life cycle of mugiliform-infecting myxobolids, with the morphological and molecular description of three new types from the oligochaete Tubificoides insularis.

J Invertebr Pathol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Laboratory of Animal Pathology, Interdisciplinary Centre of Marine and Environmental Research (CIIMAR), University of Porto, Terminal de Cruzeiros de Leixões, Av. General Norton de Matos s/n, 4450-208 Matosinhos, Portugal; University Institute of Health Sciences & Institute of Research and Advanced Training in Health Sciences and Technologies (CESPU), Rua Central da Gandra no. 1317, 4585-116 Gandra, Portugal.

Three new types of sphaeractinomyxon (Cnidaria, Myxozoa) are described from the coelomic cavity of the marine oligochaete Tubificoides insularis, collected from the Alvor estuary, Algarve, Portugal. Another known type is also registered from this location and host: Sphaeractinomyxon type 10 of Rangel et al., 2016, which was originally described from the marine oligochaete Tubificoides pseudogaster in the Aveiro estuary, Portugal. Read More

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December 2018

Whole-Brain Functional Ultrasound Imaging Reveals Brain Modules for Visuomotor Integration.

Neuron 2018 Dec;100(5):1241-1251.e7

Institute of Molecular and Clinical Ophthalmology Basel, Basel, Switzerland; Neural Circuit Laboratories, Friedrich Miescher Institute for Biomedical Research, Basel, Switzerland; University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland. Electronic address:

Large numbers of brain regions are active during behaviors. A high-resolution, brain-wide activity map could identify brain regions involved in specific behaviors. We have developed functional ultrasound imaging to record whole-brain activity in behaving mice at a resolution of ∼100 μm. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

[Postoperative functional angular anatomy in patients with anterior cruciate ligament with autologous graft].

Acta Ortop Mex 2018 May-Jun;32(3):157-162

Servicio de Cirugía Articular, Hospital Juárez de México, Ciudad de México.

Background: Reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) aims to restore the original anatomy. The clinical outcome could be imperfect when graft placement is not in an anatomical position; moreover, the conventional transtibial reconstruction of the ACL often locates the graft away from the anatomical site, leading to abnormal biomechanical behavior and kinematics of the knee. The objective of this work was to assess the importance of the angular reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament during arthroscopic replacement and to compare the postoperative functional results. Read More

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December 2018

[Continuous vs. intermitent intravenous analgesia for primary total knee replacement: analysis of the quality of the pain control, hospital stay and costs].

Acta Ortop Mex 2018 May-Jun;32(3):134-139

Instituto Allende de Cirugía Reconstructiva de los Miembros, Córdoba-Argentina.

Background: The International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP) defines pain as an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage. Total knee arthroplasty is one of the orthopedic surgeries that manifests more pain in the first 24-48 hours, needing a multimodal analgesic therapy. The objective of this work is to compare two different intravenous analgesic modes applied to patients undergoing a primary total knee arthroplasty, analyzing the quality of pain control, hospital stay and costs. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

[Prevalence of osteoporosis and osteopenia in patients occupationally active].

Acta Ortop Mex 2018 May-Jun;32(3):131-133

Clínica de Detección y Diagnóstico Automatizado, Instituto de Seguridad y Servicios Sociales de los Trabajadores del Estado (ISSSTE), Ciudad de México.

Background: Osteoporosis is a public health problem worldwide, affecting more than 200 million people. It is estimated that 30 to 50% of postmenopausal women suffer from it. According to the International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF), osteoporosis is a disease characterized by a decrease in the density and quality of bones. Read More

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December 2018

[Infrapectineal plate for repair with minimal invasion of quadrilateral blade acetabular fractures: description new implant and paramedial access].

Acta Ortop Mex 2018 May-Jun;32(3):118-125

Instituto de Astronomía de la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.

Introduction: Quadrilateral plate fractures are the most difficult to reduce and fix. Different techniques have been developed for quadrilateral plate osteosynthesis. The objective of this work was to create an implant and a novel approach to simplify and improve acetabular fracture osteosynthesis. Read More

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December 2018

Micro-ATR FTIR, SEM-EDS and X-ray micro-CT: an innovative multi-technique approach to investigate bone affected by peri-implantitis.

Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Purpose: The aim of this work was to prove the synergic complementarity of attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared microspectroscopy (micro-ATR FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) coupled with energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (EDS) and x-ray computed microtomography (micro-CT) by studying implant samples with bone affected by peri-implantitis.

Materials And Methods: Six samples of implanted bone affected by peri-implantitis and one control healthy bone were analyzed. Thick bone sections included in epoxy-resin and removed implants were analyzed by micro-ATR FTIR, SEM-EDS, and micro-CT. Read More

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December 2018
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