39 results match your criteria Labiaplasty and Labia Minora Reduction


A New Modified Labiaplasty Combined with Wedge De-Epithelialization on the Medial Side and Edge Resection.

Aesthetic Plast Surg 2021 Mar 8. Epub 2021 Mar 8.

Plastic Surgery Hospital, Peking Union Medical College, Chinese Academy of Medical Science, 33 Badachu road, Shijingshan District, Beijing, 100144, China.

Background: Labiaplasty (labia minora reduction) has been increasingly requested in recent years. The surgical procedures previously reported in the literature may have some complications that affect patient satisfaction.

Methods: Patients who underwent a new bilateral labiaplasty procedure that combined wedge de-epithelialization on the medial side with edge resection on the lateral side were retrospectively reviewed. Read More

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Surgical Technique and Outcomes of Inverted-Y Plasty Procedure in Clitoral Hoodoplasty Operations.

J Minim Invasive Gynecol 2021 Jan 27. Epub 2021 Jan 27.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Dr. Lütfi Kırdar Kartal Training and Research Hospital, University of Health Sciences (Dr. Anğın), Istanbul, Turkey.

Study Objective: Labia minora reduction is the most common operation requested by women concerned with the appearance of their vulvar area. In most cases, a concomitant clitoral hoodoplasty (CP) should be performed to achieve better esthetic outcomes. There are different surgical methods for removing excess tissue in the clitoral hood area. Read More

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January 2021

A preliminary observational study on the vascular, nerve, and lymphatic anatomy and histology of the labia minora from cadaveric and surgical samples.

Int Urogynecol J 2020 Oct 20. Epub 2020 Oct 20.

Gynecological Plastic Surgery Department, Plastic Surgery Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, No. 33 Ba-Da-Chu Road, Shi Jing Shan District, Beijing, 100144, People's Republic of China.

Introduction And Hypothesis: To better understand details of the fine anatomy of the labia minora, present images of the vascular anatomy and characterize the nerve and lymphatic distribution of the labia minora.

Methods: Two fixed and five fresh cadaveric specimens were perfused and dissected, and the vascular network was photographed. Labia minora samples, prepared from cadavers, and tissue resulting from labia reduction surgery underwent hematoxylin and eosin staining and S100 and D2-40 immunohistochemical staining. Read More

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October 2020

Easy way to perform a labia minora reduction.

J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod 2020 Aug 1:101884. Epub 2020 Aug 1.

CHU Lille, Department of Gynecology, F-59000, Lille, France.

Background: Labia minora reduction is a surgery in the rise. Surgeons are left with a large choice of described techniques yet there is a paucity of visual data to guide surgeons through this procedure. Also, many gynecologic surgeons are reluctant to perform this operation emphasizing potential complications. Read More

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L-Shaped Incision in Composite Reduction Labiaplasty.

Aesthetic Plast Surg 2020 10 16;44(5):1854-1858. Epub 2020 Jul 16.

Gynecological Plastic Surgery Department, Plastic Surgery Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, No. 33 Ba-Da Chu Road, Shi Jing Shan District, Beijing, 100144, People's Republic of China.

Labia minora hypertrophy, in combination with clitoral hood protrusion, is a common deformity encountered in clinic practice and should be treated as a compound entity. Most targeted surgical procedures are too complex to understand and master. Herein, we introduce a relatively simple method to correct this deformity. Read More

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October 2020

Labiaplasty with Stable Labia Minora Retraction-Butterfly-like Approach.

Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2020 Apr 29;8(4):e2664. Epub 2020 Apr 29.

Universidade Vale do Itajaí (Univale), Itajaí, Santa Catarina, Brazil.

Labiaplasty, referring to a surgical labia minora reduction, is the most commonly requested genital rejuvenation by women. The purpose of this article is to show an innovative maneuver in the technique for this increasingly demanded procedure. In this strategy, labia minora are attached temporarily to the internal thigh with stitches resembling an open butterfly wing. Read More

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Cosmetic gynecology-a systematic review and call for standardized outcome measures.

Int Urogynecol J 2020 10 8;31(10):1979-1995. Epub 2020 May 8.

Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Division of Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, 5th Floor Department of OB/GYN, 1542 Tulane Ave, New Orleans, LA, 70124, USA.

Objective: Cosmetic gynecology, a field which has garnered substantial attention over recent years, lacks a universally accepted nomenclature. The aim of this systematic review is to evaluate techniques, outcome measures reported, and adverse events in patients undergoing cosmetic gynecology procedures and offer recommendations to improve reporting metrics.

Methods: A systematic literature search was performed using electronic databases from inception to April 2019. Read More

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October 2020

Do Genital Cosmetic Procedures Improve Women's Self-Esteem? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Aesthet Surg J 2020 09;40(10):1143-1151

Research and Director of the Center for Obesity Research and Education in the College of Public Health, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA.

Background: The popularity of genital cosmetic procedures in women is increasing. These procedures are often assumed and promoted as having a positive effect on women's psychological well-being, particularly their self-esteem. Empirical support for these claims is lacking. Read More

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September 2020

Perception of Labial Size and Objective Measurements-Is There a Correlation? A Cross-Sectional Study in a Cohort Not Seeking Labiaplasty.

J Sex Med 2020 03 7;17(3):461-469. Epub 2020 Jan 7.

Department of Gynaecological Endocrinology and Reproductive Medicine, Medical University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria. Electronic address:

Introduction: Poor genital self-image is a common phenomenon leading to an increasing interest in female genital surgery over the last years.

Aim: The aim was to correlate objective measurements of the labia minora with the individual subjective perception of the labial size.

Methods: In a cross-sectional study with 200 premenopausal women (median age 33. Read More

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[Labiaplasty: Motivations and post-surgery satisfaction].

Gynecol Obstet Fertil Senol 2019 06 16;47(6):489-496. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Service de gynécologie-obstétrique, 4, rue Larrey, 49933 Angers cedex 9, France. Electronic address:

Objectives: In France, the number of labiaplasty increased by 57% between 2008 and 2016. To date, only one prospective study with low-power evaluated postoperative satisfaction has been performed. This observational prospective study aims to evaluate the motives and post-surgery satisfaction of patients who had a labiaplasty. Read More

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Reduction of Hypertrophic Labia Minora by Posterior-Lateral Wedge Resection with Preservation of the Central Blood Vessels and Nerve Bundle.

Aesthetic Plast Surg 2019 06 27;43(3):742-749. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

Plastic Surgery Hospital and Institute, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China.

Objective: The aim of this study was to introduce a new method of labiaplasty. Here, we describe the surgical procedure, outcomes and the advantages of this method.

Method: The medical records of 21 patients aged between 20 and 45 years who underwent reduction of the labia minora from February 2015 to June 2017 were reviewed. Read More

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[Functional or aesthetic labia minora reduction: Complications, revision surgeries and results - a comparative study].

Gynecol Obstet Fertil Senol 2019 04 14;47(4):330-336. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Service de chirurgie gynécologique, hôpital Nord Franche-Comté, 100, route de Moval, 90400 Trevenans, France. Electronic address:

Objective: To evaluate and compare the complications, the rate of revision surgeries and the long-term patient postoperative satisfaction level for the two main indications of labia minora reduction: aesthetic or functional.

Methods: A comparative, retrospective and multicentered study was carried out in Belfort and Montbéliard hospitals between January 2010 and January 2017. Ninety-two primary labia minora reductions for labia minora hypertrophy have been listed. Read More

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A Novel Technique for Mapping the Vascularity of Labia Minora Prior to Labiaplasty: Cold Light Illumination.

Geburtshilfe Frauenheilkd 2018 Aug 20;78(8):775-784. Epub 2018 Aug 20.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Bahçeşehir University School of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey.

Aim of the study was to assess the feasibility of a novel technique to determine the vascularity of labia minora prior to labiaplasty. A cold light source employed in laparoscopic procedures was used to illuminate the outer surface of the labia minora as described in this prospective descriptive study. Of the patients, 46. Read More

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Carbon Dioxide with a New Pulse Profile and Shape: A Perfect Tool to Perform Labiaplasty for Functional and Cosmetic Purpose.

Open Access Maced J Med Sci 2018 Jan 5;6(1):25-27. Epub 2018 Jan 5.

Universita degli Studi dell'Insubria Dipartimento di Scienze Chirurgiche e Morfologiche, Varese, Italy.

Objective: To describe the benefits and safety of using Carbon Dioxide Laser in multi-pulse modalities when performing labiaplasty and anatomical variants approach for functional and cosmetic indications.

Design: This is a prospective, descriptive case series study.

Setting: Private Practice Quirofano Calculaser Megacentro Pinares Pereira Colombia. Read More

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January 2018

Labiaplasty: A 24-Month Experience in 58 Patients: Outcomes and Statistical Analysis.

Ann Plast Surg 2018 Apr;80(4):316-322

From the Antiaging Group Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

Background: Because there has been a great raise in the interest of this type of surgery in our area, we decided to study if there were any differences among our patients and also to review our results.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to review our experience with labiaplasty. We assessed surgical complications and quality outcomes and compared surgical results according to maternal parity. Read More

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Labiaplasty: motivation, techniques, and ethics.

Nat Rev Urol 2018 Mar 6;15(3):175-189. Epub 2018 Feb 6.

Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Hand Surgery, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam Medical Center, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Labiaplasty (also known as labia minora reduction) is attracting increasing attention in the media and in online forums. Controversy exists among health-care professionals on how to manage a request for this surgery. Furthermore, the indications for and outcomes of labiaplasty have not yet been systematically assessed, and long-term outcomes have not yet been reported. Read More

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A new hyaluronic acid polymer in the augmentation and restoration of labia majora.

J Biol Regul Homeost Agents 2017 APR-JUN;31(2 Suppl. 2):153-161

Department of Aesthetic and Reconstructive Gynecology, Multispecialised Medical Center Gliwice, Poland.

Aesthetic surgery of female external genitalia has gained increasing popularity over the past decade, with reduction of the labia minora (labiaplasty) being the procedure most commonly requested and performed. Female external genitalia lose elasticity and volume with age, but few studies describe the techniques for labia majora augmentation. Currently, very few studies have investigated the effectiveness and safety of labia majora augmentation with hyaluronic acid (HA) injection. Read More

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Anatomy and Aesthetics of the Labia Minora: The Ideal Vulva?

Aesthetic Plast Surg 2017 Jun 10;41(3):714-719. Epub 2017 Mar 10.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Croix-Rousse Hospital, University of 103 Grande Rue de la Croix-Rousse, 69004, Lyon, France.

Female genital cosmetic surgery is becoming more and more widespread both in the field of plastic and gynaecological surgery. The increased demand for vulvar surgery is spurred by the belief that the vulva is abnormal in appearance. What is normal in terms of labial anatomy? Labia minora enlargement or hypertrophy remains a clinical diagnosis which is poorly defined as it could be considered a variation of the normal anatomy. Read More

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[Postoperative complications of labia minora reduction. Comparative study between wedge and edge resection].

Ann Chir Plast Esthet 2017 Jun 9;62(3):219-223. Epub 2017 Mar 9.

Service de chirurgie plastique reconstructrice et esthétique, hôpital Saint-Louis, AP-HP, 1, avenue Claude-Vellefaux, 75010 Paris, France; Université Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, 75013 Paris, France.

Background: Labia minora reduction interventions rise in Europe and in North America. Several techniques are described. The objective of this study was to compare postoperative complications of the two most practiced interventions: wedge resection and edge resection. Read More

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Psychological Outcomes of Labiaplasty: A Prospective Study.

Plast Reconstr Surg 2016 Dec;138(6):1202-1209

Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

Background: Although the demand for labiaplasty has increased rapidly over the past decade, little is known about the psychological outcomes of this procedure. In particular, there is a lack of prospective controlled studies to assess the effects of labiaplasty on women's psychological well-being and intimate relationship quality. Nor has research investigated whether preoperative patient characteristics predict satisfaction with surgery. Read More

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December 2016

Female genital cosmetic surgery: Investigating the role of the general practitioner.

Aust Fam Physician 2015 ;44(11):822-5

Background: Labiaplasty, the surgical reduction of the labia minora, has significantly increased in demand in Australia. Although general practice is one gatekeeper for patients requesting labiaplasty, as a referral is necessary to claim Medicare entitlements, there is little information available to assist general practitioners (GPs) in managing these requests for female genital cosmetic surgery.

Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with health professionals, including GPs, gynaecologists and plastic surgeons. Read More

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Labia Minora, Labia Majora, and Clitoral Hood Alteration: Experience-Based Recommendations.

Authors:
John G Hunter

Aesthet Surg J 2016 Jan 24;36(1):71-9. Epub 2015 Oct 24.

Dr Hunter is an Attending Surgeon in the Division of Plastic Surgery at the New York-Presbyterian Hospital (Weill Cornell Campus), New York, NY, and Vice Chairman in the Department of Surgery at the New York Methodist Hospital, Brooklyn, NY.

Aesthetic alteration of the genitalia is increasingly sought by women unhappy with the size, shape, and appearance of their vulva. Although the labia minora are usually the focus of concern, the entire anatomic region--minora, labia majora, clitoral hood, perineum, and mons pubis--should be evaluated in a preoperative assessment of women seeking labiaplasty. Labiaplasty is associated with high patient satisfaction and low complication rates. Read More

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January 2016

Cosmetic Labiaplasty in an Adolescent Population.

J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol 2016 Jun 8;29(3):218-22. Epub 2015 Oct 8.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Rockingham Wing, Kettering General Hospital, Kettering, Northamptonshire, United Kingdom.

Labiaplasty (defined as the surgical reduction of the labia minora) is the most common procedure under the umbrella of female genital cosmetic surgery with the prevalence increasing over the past 10-15 years. However, the concept of labial hypertrophy holds an arbitrary definition, with no research into labial size undertaken within the pediatric and adolescent populations. Under the tenets of medical ethics there is acceptance of the need to avoid harm and so, for reasons to be outlined, performance of labiaplasty in children and adolescents should be avoided. Read More

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A Prospective Evaluation of Female External Genitalia Sensitivity to Pressure following Labia Minora Reduction and Clitoral Hood Reduction.

Plast Reconstr Surg 2015 Oct;136(4):442e-452e

Chicago and Arlington Heights, Ill. From Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine; and Associated Plastic Surgeons, S.C.

Background: Little research has been conducted into the effects of labiaplasty on sensitivity of external genitalia. This study aimed to determine the effect of labia minora and clitoral hood reduction using the edge resection technique on external genitalia sensitivity.

Methods: Female subjects electing to undergo labia minora and clitoral hood reduction were enrolled. Read More

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October 2015

The Safety of Aesthetic Labiaplasty: A Plastic Surgery Experience.

Aesthet Surg J 2015 Aug 16;35(6):689-95. Epub 2015 Jun 16.

Dr Lista is an Assistant Professor and Dr Ahmad is a Lecturer, Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Canada. Mr Mistry is a Medical Student in the Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada. Ms Singh is a Medical Student in the School of Medicine at the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Dublin.

Background: The demand for female aesthetic labiaplasty surgery continues to rapidly increase. Several questions have been raised regarding the safety and effectiveness of female aesthetic genital surgery.

Objectives: The purpose of this study is to review our experience with aesthetic labiaplasty and describe the type and frequency of complications that have been experienced. Read More

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Labia minora reduction techniques: a comprehensive literature review.

Aesthet Surg J 2015 May;35(4):419-31

Dr Oranges is a Resident in the Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery School, Marche Polytechnic University, Ancona, Italy. Dr A. Sisti is a Resident in the General and Specialist Surgery Department, Plastic Surgery Division, University of Siena, Siena, Italy. Dr G. Sisti is a Resident in the Department of Science for Woman and Child Health, University of Florence, Florence, Italy.

Background: Many studies of techniques to reduce the labia minora have been published in recent decades, including case reports and retrospective case series. However, to date, there has been no study of the overall complications or satisfaction rates associated with the broad spectrum of techniques.

Objectives: The authors performed a comprehensive literature review to determine outcomes and complications of labiaplasty techniques, including patient satisfaction. Read More

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Vaginal labiaplasty: current practices and a simplified classification system for labial protrusion.

Plast Reconstr Surg 2015 Mar;135(3):774-788

Loma Linda, Calif.; Albany and New York, N.Y.; Durham, N.C.; and Baltimore, Md. From the Department of Plastic Surgery, Loma Linda University; the Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Albany Medical Center; the Division of Plastic, Maxillofacial, and Oral Surgery, Duke University; the Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Mount Sinai Hospital; and the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Johns Hopkins University.

Background: Vaginal labiaplasty has been described for the management of functional and aesthetic problems associated with protrusion of the labia minora. Despite increasing numbers of procedures performed, there is a paucity of data to guide treatment paradigms. This systematic review aims to establish a simple, unifying classification scheme for labial protrusion and summarize current labiaplasty techniques and practices. Read More

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Aesthetic Labia Minora Reduction with Combined Wedge-edge Resection: A Modified Approach of Labiaplasty.

Aesthetic Plast Surg 2015 Feb 6;39(1):36-42. Epub 2014 Dec 6.

Gynecological Plastic Surgery Department, Plastic Surgery Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, No. 33 Ba-Da-Chu Road, Shi Jing Shan District, Beijing, 100144, People's Republic of China.

Background: Nowadays, the demand for female genital rejuvenation procedures especially for labiaplasty is surging. Labia minora reduction has been the most practiced esthetic procedure for the female genitalia in China. Gynecological plastic surgeons have proposed several methods for labia reduction, but there is no consensus on which one is the best choice. Read More

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February 2015

Aesthetic surgery of the female genitalia: labiaplasty and beyond.

Plast Reconstr Surg 2014 Oct;134(4):661-673

Duxbury, Mass. From Cosmetic Surgery and Skin Spa.

Summary: Vaginal rejuvenation has been on the rise for the past 10 years. Women seem to prefer no pubic hair and minimal if any labia minora dangling beyond the majora. Labiaplasty or labia minora reduction is the most common procedure requested by women concerned with the appearance of their vulvar area. Read More

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October 2014