367 results match your criteria LGAS


Relationship between the Usage of Long-Lasting Insecticide-Treated Bed Nets (LLITNs) and Malaria Prevalence among School-Age Children in Southwestern Nigeria.

J Environ Public Health 2021 25;2021:8821397. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Department of Family Medicine, Federal Teaching Hospital, Ido Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria.

Purpose: The usage of LLITNs in malaria vector control has resulted in the reduction in malaria deaths among higher-risk groups (pregnant women and under-fives). However, there exists asymptomatic infection among older children, thereby making them a reservoir of malaria transmission. This study aimed at assessing the impact of LLITN usage on malaria prevalence among school-age children (SAC) in Ekiti, South Western Nigeria. Read More

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Molecular Characterization of "True" Low-Grade IDH-Wildtype Astrocytomas.

J Neuropathol Exp Neurol 2021 Apr 7. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

From the Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine and Glenn Biggs Institute for Alzheimer's & Neurodegenerative Diseases, University of Texas Health San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas, USA (TER, JMW); Department of Pathology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, USA (KJH).

Numerous recent studies have demonstrated that the vast majority of IDH-wildtype astrocytomas with WHO grade II/III histology have clinical outcomes equivalent to IDH-wildtype glioblastomas. This has called into question the existence of an IDH-wildtype lower-grade astrocytoma (LGA) category, and the cIMPACT-NOW study group has suggested 3 molecular features which, if present, warrant upgrading IDH-wildtype LGA to glioblastoma: EGFR amplification, 7+/10-, and TERT promoter mutation. Herein, we evaluate the clinical, histologic, and molecular features of IDH-wildtype low-grade astrocytomas, defined here as infiltrative adult astrocytoma lacking histologic features of glioblastoma (microvascular proliferation and/or necrosis), IDH1/2 mutation, and all 3 of the cIMPACT-NOW update 3 factors. Read More

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Assessing baseline knowledge and practices of injection safety among primary health care workers in Cross River State, Nigeria: a cross-sectional urban-rural comparative study.

Pan Afr Med J 2021 14;38:35. Epub 2021 Jan 14.

Department of Community Medicine, University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria.

Introduction: unsafe injection practices are commonplace in low-income countries, and place health care workers at risk of blood-borne infections. A safe injection strategy requires a synchronized approach to deal with change in behavior of users and service providers towards safer practice. There is general lack of data on injection safety practices in Cross River State. Read More

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Effect Of Interpersonal Communication Training Program On Child's Immunization Among Mothers Living In Kebbi State Of Nigeria.

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad 2021 Jan-Mar;33(1):139-144

College of Public Health, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Background: Sharing of information through health education training of mothers on child vaccination has proved an effective intervention for better outcome and increased immunization coverage. This study aimed to examine the effect of interpersonal communication (IPC) training program on mothers' knowledge of child's vaccination and routine childhood immunization uptake in local government areas (LGAs) of Kebbi State, Nigeria.

Methods: A quasi-experimental study was conducted in two local government areas in Kebbi State, from October 2016 to March 2017. Read More

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Dental Caries Severity and Nutritional Status of Nigerian Preschool Children.

JDR Clin Trans Res 2021 Mar 25:23800844211002108. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Department of Oral Pathology, Radiology and Medicine, College of Dentistry, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA.

Introduction: Malnutrition in children is one of the most prevalent global health challenges, and malnourished children have a higher risk of death from childhood diseases. Early childhood caries (ECC) is the most common chronic disease of childhood. Complications from ECC such as pain, loss of tooth/teeth, and infection can undermine a child's nutrition and growth. Read More

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Prognostic significance of vascular and valvular calcifications in low- and high-gradient aortic stenosis.

Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging 2021 Mar 8. Epub 2021 Mar 8.

University of Lyon, CREATIS UMR5220, INSERM U1044, INSA-15, 7 avenue Jean Capelle 69621 Villeurbanne Cedex, Lyon, France.

Aims: In low-gradient aortic stenosis (LGAS), the high valvulo-arterial impedance observed despite low valvular gradient suggests a high vascular load. Thoracic aortic calcifications (TACs) and valvular aortic calcifications (VACs) are, respectively, surrogates of aortic load and aortic valvular gradient. The aim of this study was to compare the respective contributions of TAC and VAC on 3-year cardiovascular (CV) mortality following TAVI in LGAS vs. Read More

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Optimising predictive modelling of Ross River virus using meteorological variables.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2021 Mar 9;15(3):e0009252. Epub 2021 Mar 9.

School of Natural Sciences, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia.

Background: Statistical models are regularly used in the forecasting and surveillance of infectious diseases to guide public health. Variable selection assists in determining factors associated with disease transmission, however, often overlooked in this process is the evaluation and suitability of the statistical model used in forecasting disease transmission and outbreaks. Here we aim to evaluate several modelling methods to optimise predictive modelling of Ross River virus (RRV) disease notifications and outbreaks in epidemiological important regions of Victoria and Western Australia. Read More

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Measles outbreak in complex emergency: estimating vaccine effectiveness and evaluation of the vaccination campaign in Borno State, Nigeria, 2019.

BMC Public Health 2021 Mar 4;21(1):437. Epub 2021 Mar 4.

Groningen Research Institute of Pharmacy, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.

Background: From January to May 2019, large measles outbreaks affected Nigeria. Borno state was the most affected, recording 15,237 suspected cases with the state capital of Maiduguri having 1125 cases investigated and line-listed by March 2019. In Borno state, 22 of the 27 Local Government Areas (LGAs or Districts), including 37 internally displaced persons (IDPs) camps were affected. Read More

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Estimating HIV incidence in the Akwa Ibom AIDS indicator survey (AKAIS), Nigeria using the limiting antigen avidity recency assay.

J Int AIDS Soc 2021 Feb;24(2):e25669

College of Health Sciences, University of Ghana, Accra, Ghana.

Introduction: HIV incidence estimates are important to characterize the status of an epidemic, identify locations and populations at high risk and to guide and evaluate HIV prevention interventions. We used the limiting antigen avidity assay (LAg) as part of a recent infection testing algorithm to estimate HIV incidence in the Akwa Ibom AIDS Indicator Survey (AKAIS), Nigeria.

Methods: In 2017, AKAIS, a cross-sectional population-based study was conducted at the household (HH) level in 31 local government areas (LGAs) of Akwa Ibom state. Read More

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February 2021

Urogenital Schistosomiasis among Primary School Children in Rural Communities in Obudu, Southern Nigeria.

Int J MCH AIDS 2021 6;10(1):70-80. Epub 2021 Feb 6.

Department of Animal and Environmental Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Uyo, Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria.

Background: Schistosomiasis is a Neglected Tropical Disease (NTD) that constitutes a public health problem in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), including Nigeria. There is need for updated information on the extent of the disease burden at community level to facilitate effective prioritization and monitoring of the disease.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among school-aged children in Obudu Local Government Area (LGA), one of the 18 LGAs in Cross River State, Southern Nigeria. Read More

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February 2021

Environmental and sociodemographic risk factors associated with environmentally transmitted zoonoses hospitalisations in Queensland, Australia.

One Health 2021 Jun 17;12:100206. Epub 2020 Dec 17.

Children's Health and Environment Program, Child Health Research Centre, The University of Queensland, South Brisbane 4101, Queensland, Australia.

Zoonoses impart a significant public health burden in Australia particularly in Queensland, a state with increasing environmental stress due to extreme weather events and rapid expansion of agriculture and urban developments. Depending on the organism and the environment, a proportion of zoonotic pathogens may survive from hours to years outside the animal host and contaminate the air, water, food, or inanimate objects facilitating their transmission through the environment (i.e. Read More

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The challenges of insecurity on implementing vaccination campaign and its effect on measles elimination and control efforts: A case study of 2017/18 measles campaign in Borno state, Nigeria.

Vaccine 2021 Feb 2. Epub 2021 Feb 2.

National Primary Health Care Development Agency, Nigeria.

Conflict has a negative effect on immunization outcomes leading to epidemics of measles and other vaccine preventable diseases. Borno state, located in the North-Eastern parts of the country, started experiencing insurgency since 2009 by a militant group commonly referred to as "Boko Haram", leading to displacement of numerous persons from their homes. The state government created internally displaced persons (IDPs) camps with an estimated 600,000 persons and over 100,000 children aged 9 - 59 months. Read More

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February 2021

OCCURRENCE AND DOSE FROM INTAKE OF RADON IN DRINKING GROUNDWATER IN OGUN STATE, NIGERIA.

Radiat Prot Dosimetry 2020 Dec;192(4):421-429

Department of Physics, University of Ibadan, UI Post Office, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Radon-222 concentrations in groundwater from 10 local government areas (LGAs) of Ogun State were measured using AlphaGUARD radon detector and AquaKIT. The mean activity concentration of radon ranged from 1.23 ± 0. Read More

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December 2020

The cholera risk assessment in Kano State, Nigeria: A historical review, mapping of hotspots and evaluation of contextual factors.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2021 Jan 19;15(1):e0009046. Epub 2021 Jan 19.

Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America.

Nigeria is endemic for cholera since 1970, and Kano State report outbreaks annually with high case fatality ratios ranging from 4.98%/2010 to 5.10%/2018 over the last decade. Read More

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January 2021

Internal displacement; an impediment to the successful implementation of planned measles supplemental activities in Nigeria, a case study of Benue State.

Vaccine 2021 Jan 15. Epub 2021 Jan 15.

National Primary Health Care Development Agency, Abuja, Nigeria.

Background: Measles is a highly infectious disease with great burden and implication on a displaced population with low immunity status. The disease can cause up to 140,000 deaths annually. Internal displacement during supplemental immunization activities often affects optimal reach and coverage of the campaign as people move and implementation and logistic plans are usually disrupted with attendant missed children. Read More

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January 2021

Community Knowledge, Attitude and Practices on Malaria Vector Control Strategies in Lagos State, South-West Nigeria.

J Med Entomol 2021 Jan 9. Epub 2021 Jan 9.

Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, Nigeria Institute of Medical Research, Yaba, Lagos, Nigeria.

Malaria is a leading public health challenge causing mortality and morbidity in sub-Saharan Africa. Prominent malaria vector control methods employed in sub-Saharan Africa include Long Lasting Insecticide Nets (LLINs) and Indoor Residual spraying (IRS). This study investigated knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) of malaria vector control methods in Lagos, South-West Nigeria. Read More

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January 2021

Growth of Leucoagaricus gongylophorus Möller (Singer) and production of key enzymes in submerged and solid-state cultures with lignocellulosic substrates.

Biotechnol Lett 2021 Apr 2;43(4):845-854. Epub 2021 Jan 2.

Departamento de Procesos y Tecnología, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana-Cuajimalpa, Vasco de Quiroga 4871, Cuajimalpa, 05348, Ciudad de México, Mexico.

The aim of this study was to characterize the growth of the fungus Leucoagaricus gongylophorus LEU18496, isolated from the fungus garden of the nest of leaf cutter ants Atta mexicana. The fungus garden was cultivated in an artificial laboratory nest and the fungus further grown in submerged (SmC) and solid state (SSC) cultures with sugarcane bagasse, grass or model substrates containing CM-cellulose, xylan or lignin. The CO production rate with grass in SmC (Vmax 34. Read More

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Analysis of ultrasonic pre-treatment for the ozonation of humic acids.

Ultrason Sonochem 2021 Mar 7;71:105359. Epub 2020 Oct 7.

Chemical and Process Engineering, University of Surrey, Guildford GU27XH, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

This paper presents an intensification study of an ozonation process through an ultrasonic pre-treatment for the elimination of humic substances in water and thus, improve the quality of water treatment systems for human consumption. Humic acids were used as representative of natural organic matter in real waters which present low biodegradability and a high potential for trihalomethane formation. Ultrasonic frequency (98 kHz, 300 kHz and 1 MHz), power (10-40 W) and sonicated volume (150-400 mL) was varied to assess the efficiency of the ultrasonic pre-treatment in the subsequent ozonation process. Read More

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Socio-economic status and hunger among orphans and vulnerable children households in Lagos State, Nigeria.

Afr Health Sci 2020 Jun;20(2):923-931

Association for Reproductive and Family Health.

Background: HIV/AIDS has contributed to increasing orphans and vulnerable children in Nigeria. A measure of vulnerability is household hunger.

Objective: To assess level of household hunger and associated factors among OVC households in Lagos State. Read More

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Geospatial patterns of comorbidity prevalence among people with osteoarthritis in Alberta Canada.

BMC Public Health 2020 Oct 15;20(1):1551. Epub 2020 Oct 15.

Department of Community Health Science, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, 3280 Hospital Drive NW, HRIC Building, Room 3C58, Calgary, AB, T2N 4Z6, Canada.

Background: Knowledge of geospatial pattern in comorbidities prevalence is critical to an understanding of the local health needs among people with osteoarthritis (OA). It provides valuable information for targeting optimal OA treatment and management at the local level. However, there is, at present, limited evidence about the geospatial pattern of comorbidity prevalence in Alberta, Canada. Read More

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October 2020

Assessing Hypoendemic Onchocerciasis in Endemic Areas of Southeast Nigeria.

Am J Trop Med Hyg 2020 12 17;103(6):2328-2335. Epub 2020 Sep 17.

The Carter Center, Atlanta, Georgia.

Nigeria changed its goal for onchocerciasis from control to transmission elimination. Under the control program, ivermectin mass drug administration (MDA) focused only on hyper/meso-endemic local government areas (LGAs) identified by Rapid Epidemiological Mapping of Onchocerciasis as having ≥ 20% nodule rates. Because transmission is likely in some LGAs where nodule rates are < 20%, the new elimination paradigm requires MDA expansion. Read More

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December 2020

Assessment of Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices on Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene in Some Selected LGAs in Kaduna State, Northwestern Nigeria.

J Environ Public Health 2020 31;2020:6532512. Epub 2020 Aug 31.

Department of Agricultural and Environmental Resources Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Nigeria.

Access to safe water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) facilities is a basic necessity for human livelihood, survival, and well-being. Adequate WASH facilities provision is a critical issue to most developing countries around the world including Nigeria. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding WASH are integral to effective and sustainable WASH facilities provision. Read More

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December 2020

Assessment of health service delivery parameters in Kano and Zamfara States, Nigeria.

BMC Health Serv Res 2020 Sep 15;20(1):874. Epub 2020 Sep 15.

Malaria Branch, Division of Parasitic Diseases and Malaria, Center for Global Health, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, MS- H24-3, 30329, Atlanta, Georgia.

Background: In 2013, the Nigeria Federal Ministry of Health established a Master Health Facility List (MHFL) as recommended by WHO. Since then, some health facilities (HFs) have ceased functioning and new facilities were established. We updated the MHFL and assessed service delivery parameters in the Malaria Frontline Project implementing areas in Kano and Zamfara States. Read More

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September 2020

Examining the distribution of benefits of a free Maternal and Child Health programme in Enugu State, Nigeria: a benefit incidence analysis.

Trop Med Int Health 2020 Dec 29;25(12):1522-1533. Epub 2020 Sep 29.

Department of Health Administration and Management, University of Nigeria Enugu Campus, Nsukka, Nigeria.

Objective: To determine the population groups that benefit from a Free Maternal and Child Health (FMCH) programme in Enugu State, South-east Nigeria, so as to understand the equity effects of the programme.

Method: A community-based survey was conducted in rural and urban local government areas (LGAs) to aid the benefit incidence analysis (BIA) of the FMCH. Data were elicited from 584 randomly selected women of childbearing age. Read More

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December 2020

Providing TB and HIV outreach services to internally displaced populations in Northeast Nigeria: Results of a controlled intervention study.

PLoS Med 2020 09 9;17(9):e1003218. Epub 2020 Sep 9.

Stop TB Partnership, Geneva, Switzerland.

Background: A decade of Boko Haram insurgency brought conflict, mass displacement, and the destruction of basic infrastructure to Northeast Nigeria. Over 2 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) suffering from lack of basic hygienic conditions, malnutrition, and disease live in camps or are hosted by communities in the region, where the conflict has contributed to a massive destruction of health facilities. Infectious diseases like tuberculosis (TB) and HIV are especially difficult to address under such conditions, and IDPs are vulnerable to both. Read More

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September 2020

Prediction of Large for Gestational Age by Ultrasound at 35 Weeks and Impact of Ultrasound-Delivery Interval: Comparison of 6 Standards.

Fetal Diagn Ther 2021 8;48(1):15-23. Epub 2020 Sep 8.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Miguel Servet University Hospital, Zaragoza, Spain.

Objective: The aim of the study was to assess the predictive ability of the ultrasound estimated percentile weight (EPW) at 35 weeks to predict large for gestational age (LGA) at term delivery according to 6 growth standards, including population, population-customized, and international references. The secondary objectives were to determine its predictive ability to detect adverse perinatal outcomes (APOs) and whether the ultrasound-delivery interval influences the detection rate of LGA newborns.

Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study of 9,585 singleton pregnancies. Read More

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September 2020

Aortic valve calcification is subject to aortic stenosis severity and the underlying flow pattern.

Heart Vessels 2021 Feb 7;36(2):242-251. Epub 2020 Sep 7.

Division of Cardiology, Pulmonology and Vascular Medicine, Heinrich Heine University, Moorenstr. 5, 40225, Düsseldorf, Germany.

Sex- and flow-related aortic valve calcification (AVC) studies are still limited in number, and data on the exact calcium quantity and distribution are scarce. Therefore, we aimed to (1) re-define the best threshold of AVC load to distinguish severe from moderate aortic stenosis (AS) in common AS entities and to (2) evaluate differences in the aortic annulus and left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) calcium load. Nine hundred and thirty-eight patients with contrast-enhanced cardiac MSCT and moderate-to-severe aortic stenosis (AS) were retrospectively enrolled. Read More

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February 2021

Spatial inequities of mental health nurses in rural and remote Australia.

Int J Ment Health Nurs 2021 Feb 17;30(1):167-176. Epub 2020 Aug 17.

Rural Clinical School, Medical School, College of Health and Medicine, The Australian National University, Acton, Australian Capital Territory, Australia.

Despite an increased burden from chronic mental health conditions, access to effective mental health services in rural and remote areas is limited, and these services remain spatially undefined. We examine the spatial availability of mental health nurses across local government areas in Australia and identify gaps in mental health service delivery capacity in a finer-grained level than the state/territory data. A spatial distribution of mental health nurses was conducted. Read More

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February 2021

Prevalence of gastrointestinal helminth parasites of trade cattle in Aguata and Orumba South Local Government Areas, Southeastern Nigeria.

J Parasit Dis 2020 Sep 4;44(3):546-552. Epub 2020 May 4.

Department of Agricultural Education, School of Agriculture and Home Economics Education, Federal College of Education (Technical), Umunze, Anambra State Nigeria.

The prevalence of gastrointestinal helminth parasites of trade cattle were investigated in Aguata and Orumba South Local Government Areas (LGA), Southeastern Nigeria. Between February and May, 2017, 210 cattle were randomly sampled in Aguata (140) and Orumba South (70) LGAs. Characteristics of each trade cattle such as sex, breed and body condition scores were noted. Read More

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September 2020

The development and implementation of electronic gambling machine policy: a qualitative study of local government policy makers.

Aust N Z J Public Health 2020 Oct 22;44(5):369-375. Epub 2020 Jul 22.

Faculty of Health Sciences, Curtin University, Western Australia.

Objective: To understand how policies developed by Local Government Authorities (LGAs) to address electronic gambling machine (EGM) harm are developed and implemented.

Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 16 participants from 15 LGAs in metropolitan Melbourne who worked in a role associated or aligned with gambling. An inductive thematic analysis was used to interpret the data. Read More

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October 2020