1,442 results match your criteria Korean Journal of Ophthalmology [Journal]


Bilateral Acute Angle-Closure Glaucoma after Macular Hole Surgery.

Korean J Ophthalmol 2019 Feb;33(1):101-102

Department of Ophthalmology, Keimyung University School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3341/kjo.2018.0061DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6372387PMC
February 2019

Atypical Pattern of Choroidal Hypopigmentation with Cutaneous Vitiligo.

Korean J Ophthalmol 2019 Feb;33(1):99-100

Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3341/kjo.2018.0054DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6372386PMC
February 2019

Palpebral Conjunctival and Tarsal Stromal Tumor.

Korean J Ophthalmol 2019 Feb;33(1):97-98

Department of Ophthalmology, Sanggye Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3341/kjo.2018.0059DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6372375PMC
February 2019

Nasolacrimal Duct Stenosis after Oral Capecitabine Administration.

Korean J Ophthalmol 2019 Feb;33(1):95-96

Department of Ophthalmology, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3341/kjo.2018.0113DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6372376PMC
February 2019

Exploring Brow Position Changes with Age in Koreans.

Korean J Ophthalmol 2019 Feb;33(1):91-94

Department of Ophthalmology, Dong-A University College of Medicine, Busan, Korea.

Purpose: Several studies have described age-associated brow drooping in Westerners. However, there are few studies that address brow drooping in the Asian population, and especially in the Korean population. Therefore, we studied brow position changes with age in Korean individuals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3341/kjo.2018.0013DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6372380PMC
February 2019

Association of Optic Neuritis with Neuromyelitis Optica Spectrum Disorder and Multiple Sclerosis in Korea.

Korean J Ophthalmol 2019 Feb;33(1):82-90

Department of Neurology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Purpose: To describe the clinical characteristics and course of optic neuritis (ON) and its association with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) and multiple sclerosis (MS) in Korea.

Methods: In this retrospective case series, 125 eyes of 91 Korean patients with ON were included. The medical documents of adult patients with ON were retrospectively reviewed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3341/kjo.2018.0050DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6372377PMC
February 2019

Analysis of Positional Relationships of Various Centers in Cataract Surgery.

Korean J Ophthalmol 2019 Feb;33(1):70-81

Department of Ophthalmology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Purpose: To analyze the positional relationships of various centers in patients undergoing femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS).

Methods: The locations of the pupil center (PC), limbal center (LC) and lens center were analyzed in each patient using optical coherence tomography during FLACS in 35 eyes of 35 patients. Using the preoperative corneal aberrometry device, angle kappa and the location of the visual axis (VA) were calculated. Read More

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https://synapse.koreamed.org/DOIx.php?id=10.3341/kjo.2018.00
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3341/kjo.2018.0085DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6372378PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Effect of Serous Retinal Detachment on the Measurement of Axial Length in Central Serous Chorioretinopathy.

Korean J Ophthalmol 2019 Feb;33(1):63-69

Department of Ophthalmology, Chungnam National University College of Medicine, Daejeon, Korea.

Purpose: To evaluate the changes of axial length (AXL) in eyes with unilateral idiopathic central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) after resolution of serous retinal detachment.

Methods: A total of 31 patients diagnosed with idiopathic unilateral CSC were included in this study. The changes of AXL according to serous retinal detachment were examined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3341/kjo.2018.0032DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6372381PMC
February 2019

Novel Findings of Polypoidal Choroidal Vasculopathy via Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography.

Korean J Ophthalmol 2019 Feb;33(1):54-62

Department of Ophthalmology, Nune Eye Hospital, Seoul, Korea.

Purpose: To introduce novel findings of polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) via optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA).

Methods: This study is a retrospective chart review of 16 patients (16 eyes) with PCV. OCTA (Avanti RTVue XR) findings were evaluated and selected for analysis after agreement by two retina specialists . Read More

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https://synapse.koreamed.org/DOIx.php?id=10.3341/kjo.2018.00
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3341/kjo.2018.0048DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6372389PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Diabetic Nephropathy in Type 2 Diabetic Retinopathy Requiring Panretinal Photocoagulation.

Korean J Ophthalmol 2019 Feb;33(1):46-53

Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, The Catholic University of Korea College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Purpose: To investigate the risk factors of diabetic nephropathy in patients with diabetic retinopathy requiring panretinal photocoagulation (PRP) and the visual prognosis.

Methods: A retrospective review of electronic medical records was conducted at Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, comprising 103 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and diabetic retinopathy who underwent PRP from 1996 to 2005. Read More

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https://synapse.koreamed.org/DOIx.php?id=10.3341/kjo.2018.00
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3341/kjo.2018.0034DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6372382PMC
February 2019
3 Reads

Efficacy of 4-Haptic Bitoric Intraocular Lens Implantation in Asian Patients with Cataract and Astigmatism.

Korean J Ophthalmol 2019 Feb;33(1):36-45

Department of Ophthalmology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Purpose: To determine the efficacy of 4-haptic bitoric intraocular lens (IOL) implantation in Asian patients with cataract and astigmatism.

Methods: A total of 19 eyes with ≤25.0 mm axial length and ≥0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3341/kjo.2018.0041DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6372384PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Association between Three Heavy Metals and Dry Eye Disease in Korean Adults: Results of the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

Korean J Ophthalmol 2019 Feb;33(1):26-35

Department of Ophthalmology, Soonchunhyang University Bucheon Hospital, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Bucheon, Korea.

Purpose: To investigate the associations between blood heavy metal concentrations and dry eye disease using a Korean population-based survey.

Methods: This study included 23,376 participants >40 years of age who participated in the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2010 to 2012. Blood concentrations of lead, cadmium, and mercury were measured in all participants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3341/kjo.2018.0065DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6372379PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Ocular Surface Reconstruction Using Circumferentially-trephined Autologous Oral Mucosal Graft Transplantation in Limbal Stem Cell Deficiency.

Korean J Ophthalmol 2019 Feb;33(1):16-25

Department of Ophthalmology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Purpose: To investigate the effects of transplantation of a circumferentially-trephined autologous oral mucosal graft using a vacuum trephine on ocular surface reconstruction in patients with limbal stem cell deficiency.

Methods: Patients with a limbal stem cell deficiency who underwent transplantation of autologous oral mucosal graft performed by a particular surgeon in Seoul National University Hospital were included. The medical records of these five patients were retrospectively reviewed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3341/kjo.2018.0111DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6372385PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Evaluation of Subconjunctival Remnant Particles after High-frequency Radio-wave Electrosurgery for Conjunctivochalasis.

Korean J Ophthalmol 2019 Feb;33(1):8-15

Department of Ophthalmology, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Purpose: To investigate the clinical manifestations and properties of remnant particles in the subconjunctival space after high-frequency radio-wave electrosurgery for conjunctivochalasis.

Methods: We performed a retrospective, observational case series with experimental imaging in nine eyes from eight patients who presented with small dark-gray lesions during follow-up after high-frequency radio-wave electrosurgery for conjunctivochalasis. General examination including slit-lamp examination and visual acuity testing was performed preoperatively and postoperatively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3341/kjo.2018.0093DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6372388PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Ophthalmologic Clinical Features of Facial Nerve Palsy Patients.

Korean J Ophthalmol 2019 Feb;33(1):1-7

Department of Ophthalmology, CHA Bundang Medical Center, Seongnam, Korea.

Purpose: To understand the ophthalmic clinical features and outcomes of facial nerve palsy patients who were referred to an ophthalmic clinic for various conditions like Bell's palsy, trauma, and brain tumor.

Methods: A retrospective study was conducted of 34 eyes from 31 facial nerve palsy patients who visited a clinic between August 2007 and July 2017. The clinical signs, management, and prognosis were analyzed. Read More

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https://synapse.koreamed.org/DOIx.php?id=10.3341/kjo.2018.00
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3341/kjo.2018.0010DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6372383PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Management of Postoperative Ocular Hypotony after Tube Surgery by Stenting Using Two 5-0 Nylon Threads.

Korean J Ophthalmol 2018 Dec;32(6):523-524

Department of Ophthalmology, Kim's Eye Hospital, Myung-Gok Eye Research Institute, Konyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3341/kjo.2018.0092DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6288013PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Choroidal Osteoma Accompanied by Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy.

Korean J Ophthalmol 2018 Dec;32(6):521-522

Department of Ophthalmology, Kangdong Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

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https://synapse.koreamed.org/DOIx.php?id=10.3341/kjo.2018.00
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3341/kjo.2018.0029DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6288023PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Central Retinal Arterial Occlusion in Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis.

Korean J Ophthalmol 2018 12;32(6):519-520

Department of Ophthalmology, Dongsan Medical Center, Keimyung University School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3341/kjo.2018.0019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6288024PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Thickness of the Macula, Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer, and Ganglion Cell-inner Plexiform Layer in the Macular Hole: The Repeatability Study of Spectral-domain Optical Coherence Tomography.

Korean J Ophthalmol 2018 Dec;32(6):506-516

Department of Ophthalmology, Chungnam National University College of Medicine, Daejeon, Korea.

Purpose: We measured the thicknesses of the ganglion cell and inner plexiform layer (GCIPL), the macula, and the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography in patients with idiopathic macula holes to analyze the repeatability of these measurements and compare them with those of the fellow eye.

Methods: We evaluated 85 patients who visited our retinal clinic. The patients were divided into two groups according to their macular hole size: group A had a size of <400 μm, while group B had a size of ≥400 μm. Read More

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https://synapse.koreamed.org/DOIx.php?id=10.3341/kjo.2018.00
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3341/kjo.2018.0030DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6288014PMC
December 2018
13 Reads

Comparison of Intraocular Lens Power Calculation Methods Following Myopic Laser Refractive Surgery: New Options Using a Rotating Scheimpflug Camera.

Korean J Ophthalmol 2018 Dec;32(6):497-505

Department of Ophthalmology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Purpose: To evaluate and compare published methods of calculating intraocular lens (IOL) power following myopic laser refractive surgery.

Methods: We performed a retrospective review of the medical records of 69 patients (69 eyes) who had undergone myopic laser refractive surgery previously and subsequently underwent cataract surgery at Samsung Medical Center in Seoul, South Korea from January 2010 to June 2016. None of the patients had pre-refractive surgery biometric data available. Read More

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https://synapse.koreamed.org/DOIx.php?id=10.3341/kjo.2018.00
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3341/kjo.2018.0008DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6288016PMC
December 2018
9 Reads

Factors Influencing Visual Field Recovery after Transsphenoidal Resection of a Pituitary Adenoma.

Korean J Ophthalmol 2018 Dec;32(6):488-496

Department of Ophthalmology and Research Institute of Medical Sciences, Chonnam National University Hospital, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, Korea.

Purpose: This study aimed to analyze the factors influencing visual field recovery after transsphenoidal approach-tumor resection (TSA-TR) in pituitary adenoma patients with visual field defects (VFDs).

Methods: We retrospectively evaluated 102 eyes of 102 patients with VFDs induced by pituitary adenomas who underwent TSA-TR between January 2010 and December 2015. All patients had been observed for more than one year. Read More

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https://synapse.koreamed.org/DOIx.php?id=10.3341/kjo.2017.00
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3341/kjo.2017.0094DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6288018PMC
December 2018
8 Reads

Comparison of Binocular Function and Surgical Outcomes of Tenacious Proximal Fusion and High Accommodative Convergence/Accommodation Ratio Types of Intermittent Exotropia.

Korean J Ophthalmol 2018 Dec;32(6):483-487

Department of Ophthalmology, Haeundae Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Busan, Korea.

Purpose: To compare the characteristics and surgical outcomes in patients with tenacious proximal fusion (TPF) and high accommodative convergence/accommodation ratio (AC/A) types of intermittent exotropia.

Methods: This study retrospectively enrolled 40 patients with intermittent exotropia, 23 with TPF and 17 with high AC/A. Binocular function was evaluated by Worth's 4-dot test. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3341/kjo.2018.0023DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6288019PMC
December 2018

Horizontal Effects of 10-mm Inferior Oblique Recession versus 14-mm Inferior Oblique Recession.

Korean J Ophthalmol 2018 Dec;32(6):478-482

Kim's Eye Hospital, Seoul, Korea.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the quantitative effect of inferior oblique (IO) 10- and 14-mm recession on postoperative horizontal deviation.

Methods: Patients (22 men and 18 women) who underwent IO recession were divided into two groups for comparison studies: group 1 (10-mm IO recession, 15 patients) and group 2 (14-mm IO recession, 25 patients). Preoperative and postoperative horizontal deviations were measured, and the resulting horizontal deviations from the 10- and 14-mm IO recession surgeries were compared. Read More

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https://synapse.koreamed.org/DOIx.php?id=10.3341/kjo.2018.00
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3341/kjo.2018.0040DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6288027PMC
December 2018
12 Reads

Relationship between Progressive Changes in Lamina Cribrosa Depth and Deterioration of Visual Field Loss in Glaucomatous Eyes.

Korean J Ophthalmol 2018 Dec;32(6):470-477

Department of Ophthalmology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Purpose: To investigate the relationship between the progression of visual field (VF) loss and changes in lamina cribrosa depth (LCD) as determined by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) enhanced depth imaging in patients with primary open angle glaucoma (POAG).

Methods: Data from 60 POAG patients (mean follow-up, 3.5 ± 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3341/kjo.2018.0015DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6288017PMC
December 2018

Peripapillary Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer Thicknesses Did Not Change in Long-term Hydroxychloroquine Users.

Korean J Ophthalmol 2018 Dec;32(6):459-469

Division of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Purpose: To evaluate changes in the peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thicknesses using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) in hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) users.

Methods: The medical records of HCQ users were retrospectively reviewed. In these HCQ users, an automated perimetry, fundus autofluorescence photography, and SD-OCT with peripapillary RNFL thickness measurements were performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3341/kjo.2018.0004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6288022PMC
December 2018

Anti-vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Treatment of Retinopathy of Prematurity: Efficacy, Safety, and Anatomical Outcomes.

Korean J Ophthalmol 2018 Dec;32(6):451-458

Department of Ophthalmology, Institute of Vision Research, Gangnam Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Purpose: To investigate the efficacy, safety, and anatomical outcomes associated with intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) treatment of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP).

Methods: We performed a retrospective review of intravitreal anti-VEGF (bevacizumab or ranibizumab) treatment of 153 eyes (83 infants) diagnosed with ROP at two tertiary hospitals from June 2011 to January 2017. The primary outcome was the rate of recurrence requiring additional treatment; secondary outcomes included incidence of major complications and final refractive error. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3341/kjo.2018.0011DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6288015PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Evaluation of Tear Film Lipid Layer Thickness Measurements Obtained Using an Ocular Surface Interferometer in Nasolacrimal Duct Obstruction Patients.

Korean J Ophthalmol 2018 Dec;32(6):445-450

Department of Ophthalmology, CHA Bundang Medical Center, CHA University, Seongnam, Korea.

Purpose: To compare the tear film lipid layer thickness (LLT) between patients with incomplete nasolacrimal duct obstruction (NLDO) and normal controls and to analyze the changes in tear film LLT and blinking pattern after silicone tube intubation in NLDO patients.

Methods: We reviewed the medical records of 68 eyes in 52 incomplete NLDO patients who underwent silicone tube intubation from January 2017 to July 2017. The LLT, blinking pattern, and Meibomian gland image were measured with the LipiView II ocular surface interferometer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3341/kjo.2018.0012DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6288021PMC
December 2018

Combination Surgery of Silicone Tube Intubation and Conjunctival Resection in Patients with Epiphora.

Korean J Ophthalmol 2018 Dec;32(6):438-444

Department of Ophthalmology, Dong-A University College of Medicine, Busan, Korea.

Purpose: To compare the success rates of performing only silicone tube intubation versus carrying out both conjunctival resection and silicone tube intubation.

Methods: The subjects of this study involved 62 patients (96 eyes) between October 2015 and May 2017 who were diagnosed as having punctal stricture or nasolacrimal duct stenosis. Out of 96 eyes, 47 underwent only silicone tube intubation, and 49 underwent both silicone tube intubation and conjunctival resection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3341/kjo.2018.0044DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6288025PMC
December 2018

Clinical Results of Anti-adhesion Adjuvants after Endonasal Dacryocystorhinostomy.

Korean J Ophthalmol 2018 Dec;32(6):433-437

Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Purpose: Various absorbable anti-adhesion agents have been used to prevent postoperative synechia formation after endonasal surgery. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the anti-adhesion effects of HyFence and Mediclore after endonasal dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) compared to a mixed solution of hyaluronic acid and sodium carboxymethylcellulose (Guardix-Sol).

Methods: In this retrospective study, endonasal DCR and silicone tube intubation were performed on 198 eyes of 151 patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3341/kjo.2017.0124DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6288020PMC
December 2018
11 Reads

Postoperative Hemorrhagic Occlusive Retinal Vasculitis with Intracameral Vancomycin.

Korean J Ophthalmol 2018 Oct;32(5):430-431

Department of Ophthalmology, Jeju National University Hospital, Jeju National University School of Medicine, Jeju, Korea.

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https://synapse.koreamed.org/DOIx.php?id=10.3341/kjo.2018.00
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3341/kjo.2018.0043DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6182214PMC
October 2018
11 Reads

High-grade Mucoepidermoid Carcinoma of the Lacrimal Gland.

Korean J Ophthalmol 2018 Oct;32(5):426-427

Department of Ophthalmology, Catholic University of Daegu College of Medicine, Daegu, Korea.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3341/kjo.2018.0026DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6182204PMC
October 2018

Effective Delivery of Exogenous Compounds to the Optic Nerve by Intravitreal Injection of Liposome.

Korean J Ophthalmol 2018 Oct;32(5):417-423

Department of Ophthalmology, Chonnam National University Hospital, Gwangju, Korea.

Purpose: To improve the treatment efficiency of optic nerve diseases by delivering therapeutic materials to the optic nerve directly.

Methods: We tried to optimize liposomal composition to deliver a payload to the optic nerve efficiently when it is injected intravitreally. After loading dexamethasone into this liposome, we tested the therapeutic effect of liposomes in this treatment using a murine model of ischemic optic neuropathy. Read More

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https://synapse.koreamed.org/DOIx.php?id=10.3341/kjo.2017.01
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3341/kjo.2017.0128DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6182217PMC
October 2018
10 Reads

Positional Intraocular Pressure of Vitrectomized and Normal Fellow Eyes.

Korean J Ophthalmol 2018 Oct;32(5):409-416

Department of Ophthalmology, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Purpose: To compare posture-induced intraocular pressure (IOP) changes in vitrectomized eyes and normal eyes of patients who had vitrectomy in one eye.

Methods: A total of 31 patients older than 20 years of age who underwent vitrectomy were enrolled in the study. At least six months after vitrectomy, we measured IOP in both eyes using a rebound tonometer 10 minutes after the patient assumed sitting, supine, right lateral decubitus, and left lateral decubitus positions. Read More

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https://synapse.koreamed.org/DOIx.php?id=10.3341/kjo.2017.01
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3341/kjo.2017.0136DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6182206PMC
October 2018
1 Read

Influence of Vitrectomy-related Factors on the Outcome of Ahmed Glaucoma Valve Implantation.

Korean J Ophthalmol 2018 Oct;32(5):400-408

Department of Ophthalmology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Purpose: To evaluate the outcome of Ahmed glaucoma valve (AGV) implantation in eyes with refractory secondary glaucoma following pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) and the associated prognostic factors.

Methods: A total of 146 eyes in 146 patients who underwent AGV implantation after PPV (followed up for ≥1 year) were included. AGV implantation was considered successful when the intraocular pressure (IOP) was 6 to 21 mmHg regardless of using IOP-lowering medication. Read More

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https://synapse.koreamed.org/DOIx.php?id=10.3341/kjo.2017.01
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3341/kjo.2017.0127DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6182216PMC
October 2018
9 Reads

Effects of Early Postoperative Intraocular Pressure after Ahmed Glaucoma Valve Implantation on Long-term Surgical Outcomes.

Korean J Ophthalmol 2018 Oct;32(5):391-399

Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Purpose: To evaluate the long-term effects of early postoperative intraocular pressure (IOP) after Ahmed glaucoma valve (AGV) implantation on long-term surgical outcomes.

Methods: This retrospective, non-randomized study included 100 eyes of 100 patients who underwent AGV surgery. We divided the enrolled patients into four groups according to the presence of transient hypotony within the first postoperative week or the presence of a hypertensive phase during the first three postoperative months. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3341/kjo.2017.0102DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6182210PMC
October 2018

Effects of Choroidal Thickness on Refractive Outcome Following Cataract Surgery in Primary Angle Closure.

Korean J Ophthalmol 2018 Oct;32(5):382-390

Department of Ophthalmology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Purpose: To identify the preoperative biometric factors, including subfoveal choroidal thickness (CT), associated with refractive outcome after cataract surgery in eyes with primary angle closure (PAC).

Methods: This study included 50 eyes of 50 PAC patients who underwent uneventful cataract surgery. Preoperatively, anterior segment parameters including anterior chamber depth (ACD) and lens vault were determined by anterior segment optical coherence tomography. Read More

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https://synapse.koreamed.org/DOIx.php?id=10.3341/kjo.2017.01
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3341/kjo.2017.0129DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6182207PMC
October 2018
1 Read

Posterior Vitreous Structures Evaluated by Swept-source Optical Coherence Tomography with En Face Imaging.

Korean J Ophthalmol 2018 Oct;32(5):376-381

Department of Ophthalmology, Haeundae Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Busan, Korea.

Purpose: To evaluate posterior vitreous structures using swept-source (SS) optical coherence tomography (OCT) with en face imaging.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed OCT images of healthy individuals who did not have intra-ocular disease. We obtained high-definition horizontal and vertical line scans crossing the fovea and 3D scans using SS-OCT, with the 3D scan centered between the fovea and the optic-nerve head. Read More

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https://synapse.koreamed.org/DOIx.php?id=10.3341/kjo.2017.01
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3341/kjo.2017.0123DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6182209PMC
October 2018
3 Reads

Effect of Nd:YAG Laser Capsulotomy on Anterior Segment Parameters in Patients with Posterior Capsular Opacification after Phacovitrectomy.

Korean J Ophthalmol 2018 Oct;32(5):369-375

Department of Ophthalmology, Gyeongsang National University School of Medicine, Jinju, Korea.

Purpose: To compare changes in anterior segment parameters after Nd:YAG laser capsulotomy in eyes that underwent either combined phacovitrectomy or cataract surgery.

Methods: This retrospective study enrolled 37 eyes of 35 patients with posterior capsular opacification treated with combined phacovitrectomy (group A), and 35 eyes of 32 patients with posterior capsular opacification treated with cataract surgery (group B). Anterior segment parameters, including anterior chamber depth (ACD), anterior chamber angle, and anterior chamber volume, were measured by a Pentacam before Nd:YAG laser capsulotomy and 1 hour, 1 day, 1 week, 1 month, and 3 months after this treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3341/kjo.2018.0020DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6182208PMC
October 2018
1 Read

Development of Submacular Hemorrhage in Neovascular Age-related Macular Degeneration: Influence on Visual Prognosis in a Clinical Setting.

Korean J Ophthalmol 2018 Oct;32(5):361-368

Department of Ophthalmology, Kim's Eye Hospital, Konyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate changes in visual acuity before and after the development of submacular hemorrhage secondary to neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and to compare the visual outcomes between patients with and without hemorrhage.

Methods: This retrospective observational study included 124 patients with neovascular AMD. Patients who developed a submacular hemorrhage involving the fovea were included in the hemorrhage group (n = 55). Read More

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https://synapse.koreamed.org/DOIx.php?id=10.3341/kjo.2017.00
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3341/kjo.2017.0095DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6182213PMC
October 2018
2 Reads

Clinical Features of Herpes Simplex Keratitis in a Korean Tertiary Referral Center: Efficacy of Oral Antiviral and Ascorbic Acid on Recurrence.

Korean J Ophthalmol 2018 Oct;32(5):353-360

Department of Ophthalmology, Gyeongsang National University School of Medicine, Jinju, Korea.

Purpose: To describe the clinical manifestations of herpes simplex keratitis (HSK) in a tertiary referral center in South Korea and to determine whether ascorbic acid treatment prevents recurrence of herpetic epithelial keratitis.

Methods: This retrospective cohort study included all consecutive patients with herpetic keratitis referred to our center from January 2010 to January 2015. Clinical features, ocular complications, and recurrences were recorded. Read More

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https://synapse.koreamed.org/DOIx.php?id=10.3341/kjo.2017.01
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3341/kjo.2017.0131DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6182212PMC
October 2018
4 Reads

Changes in Tear Meniscus Height Following Lower Blepharoplasty as Measured by Optical Coherence Tomography.

Korean J Ophthalmol 2018 Oct;32(5):344-352

Department of Ophthalmology, CHA Bundang Medical Center, CHA University, Seongnam, Korea.

Purpose: The lower eyelid serves important roles in tear distribution and drainage. The purpose of this study was to measure the tear meniscus height (TMH) with anterior segment optical coherence tomography after lower blepharoplasty.

Methods: A total of 52 eyes from 26 patients treated between July 2012 and June 2015 were included in the study. Read More

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https://synapse.koreamed.org/DOIx.php?id=10.3341/kjo.2017.01
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3341/kjo.2017.0125DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6182218PMC
October 2018
10 Reads

Clinical Features of Benign Essential Blepharospasm in Korean Patients.

Korean J Ophthalmol 2018 Oct;32(5):339-343

Department of Ophthalmology, Kim's Eye Hospital, Myung-Gok Eye Research Institute, Konyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Purpose: To analyze the clinical features of benign essential blepharospasm in Korean patients.

Methods: Patients diagnosed with benign essential blepharospasm in Kim's Eye Hospital from November 2014 to December 2016 were evaluated using a clinical examination and questionnaire. The questionnaire reviewed personal medical history, demographic factors, risk factors for blepharospasm development, and relieving and aggravating factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3341/kjo.2018.0038DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6182215PMC
October 2018

Effects of Ranibizumab, Bevacizumab, and Aflibercept on Senescent Retinal Pigment Epithelial Cells.

Korean J Ophthalmol 2018 08;32(4):328-338

Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, The Catholic University of Korea College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Purpose: Anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) agents have been used for the last 10 years, but their safety profile, including cytotoxicity against various ocular cells such as retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells, remains a serious concern. Safety studies of VEGF agents conducted to date have primarily relied on healthy RPE cells. In this study, we assessed the safety of three anti-VEGF agents, namely, ranibizumab, bevacizumab, and aflibercept, on senescent RPE cells. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3341/kjo.2017.0079DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6085187PMC
August 2018
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Characteristics of Patients Who Are Not Responsive to Alternate Patching for Overcorrected Intermittent Exotropia.

Korean J Ophthalmol 2018 08;32(4):319-327

Department of Ophthalmology, Haeundae Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Busan, Korea.

Purpose: To compare the characteristics of patients with surgically overcorrected intermittent exotropia treated with alternate patching.

Methods: The medical records of 51 patients who underwent bilateral lateral rectus muscle recession for intermittent exotropia and required alternate patching to correct postoperative overcorrection were retrospectively reviewed. Patients with postoperative esodeviation ≥18 prism diopters (PD) were started on alternate patching on postoperative day 1, whereas those with postoperative esodeviation of 10 to 17 PD were started after 2 weeks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3341/kjo.2017.0086DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6085190PMC
August 2018
1 Read

Macular Thickness in Moderate to Severe Amblyopia.

Korean J Ophthalmol 2018 08;32(4):312-318

Department of Ophthalmology, Torfeh Eye Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Purpose: To compare the macular retinal thickness of moderately to severely amblyopic eyes with non-amblyopic eyes as controls.

Methods: This case control study was conducted on 56 children aged 4 to 10 years old (64.3% female subjects). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3341/kjo.2017.0101DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6085182PMC

Optical Coherence Tomography Measurement and Visual Outcome in Acute Central Retinal Artery Occlusion.

Korean J Ophthalmol 2018 08;32(4):303-311

Institute of Vision Research, Department of Ophthalmology, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Purpose: This study investigated visual acuity (VA) values and differences depending on optical coherence tomography (OCT) findings in patients with acute central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO).

Methods: A retrospective chart review was performed on patients with acute CRAO who underwent macular and disc OCT. We evaluated changes in macular thickness and retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness after acute CRAO onset based on OCT. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3341/kjo.2017.0093DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6085189PMC
August 2018
15 Reads

Effectiveness of Intravitreal Ranibizumab for Diabetic Macular Edema with Serous Retinal Detachment.

Korean J Ophthalmol 2018 08;32(4):296-302

Department of Ophthalmology, Dokuz Eylul University School of Medicine, Izmir, Turkey.

Purpose: To evaluate the effectiveness of intravitreal injection of ranibizumab (IVR) in treating diabetic macular edema (DME) with serous retinal detachment (SRD) based on spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) patterns.

Methods: One hundred thirty-four eyes of 134 patients with DME who underwent SD-OCT evaluation were included in this study. We retrospectively analyzed the medical records of patients who received IVR for the treatment of DME. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3341/kjo.2017.0117DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6085191PMC
August 2018
1 Read