5,882 results match your criteria Knuckle Pads
Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Dept. of Plastic, Reconstructive and Hand Surgery, Erasmus Medical Center Rotterdam, the Netherlands; Dept. of Rehabilitation Medicine, Erasmus Medical Center Rotterdam, the Netherlands.
Objective: To compare the effect of exercises and orthotics with orthotics alone on pain and hand function in patients with thumb base (CMC-1) osteoarthritis (OA) and to predict outcomes on pain and hand function of exercises and orthotics.
Design: Prospective cohort study with propensity score matching SETTING: Data collection took place in thirteen outpatient clinics for hand surgery and hand therapy in the Netherlands.
Participants: A consecutive, population-based sample of 173 patients with CMC-1 OA was included in this study of which 84 were matched on baseline demographics and baseline primary outcomes. Read More
Trop Doct 2018 Dec 12:49475518816590. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
2 MD Resident, Department of Internal Medicine, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.
A combination of anaemia and knuckle pigmentation should always raise concern for megaloblastic anaemia. As the terminal ileum is the site of vitamin B absorption and also the commonest site of abdominal tuberculosis, a clinical triad of prolonged fever, knuckle pigmentation and right lower quadrant abdominal tenderness should suggest ileocaecal tuberculosis in endemic areas. Read More
Curr Health Sci J 2015 Jul-Sep;41(3):233-238. Epub 2015 Mar 15.
Rheumatology Department, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Faculty of Medicine, Romania.
Background: Early inflammatory arthritis (EIA) a condition defined by joint swelling, with or without morning stiffness, and/or swelling of metacarpophalangeal and/or metatarsophalangeal joints. Nail fold video-capillaroscopy (NVC) is important for the evaluation of microcirculation in vivo. There are limited data about the role of NVC in EIA. Read More
Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2018 Oct 3;6(10):e1805. Epub 2018 Oct 3.
Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Keelung & Taoyuan, Taiwan.
Background: The metatarsophalangeal joint (MTPJ) of the lessor toe has been used to reconstruct the metacarpophalangeal joint. When an oblique osteotomy of the metatarsal head is performed, the orientation of the vascular pedicle is crucial to preserve the blood supply to the MTPJ. This study was conducted to identify the path of the nutrient artery to the MTPJ. Read More
Trauma Case Rep 2018 Dec 27;18:31-36. Epub 2018 Nov 27.
Royal Alexandra Hospital, Corsebar Road, Paisley PA2 9PN, Scotland, United Kingdom.
Currently Kaplan's criteria on examination are used as the gold standard diagnostic tool for complex dorsal dislocations of the index finger Metacarpophalangeal joint. Our case report reveals a situation when the diagnosis was obscure and when conventional X-rays were not beneficial. With the use of CT imaging we were able to confirm the diagnosis of complex dorsal dislocation of the index finger Metacarpophalangeal joint and also reveal multiple other injuries. Read More
J Hand Surg Am 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL. Electronic address:
Purpose: We compare outcomes of revision surgery for trapeziometacarpal (TM) arthritis with outcomes for both primary and revision surgery for TM arthritis reported in the literature. We hypothesized that patients undergoing revision surgery for TM arthritis would demonstrate pain and functional outcome scores that were worse than those of patients undergoing primary TM surgery.
Methods: A retrospective analysis of all patients undergoing revision TM surgery at a single institution from 1995 to 2015 was performed. Read More
J Rheumatol 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.
From the Division of Rheumatology, Tufts Medical Center; Department of Radiology, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School; Division of Rheumatology, Immunology and Allergy, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts; Center for Primary Care and Prevention, Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Pawtucket, Rhode Island, USA; Department of Rheumatology, Diakonhjemmet Hospital, Oslo, Norway. These analyses were financially supported by grants from the US National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases of the National Institutes of Health under Award Number R01-AR065977 and Award Number R01-AR066378. This work was also supported in part by the Houston Veterans Affairs Health Services Research and Development Center of Excellence (HFP90-020). The views expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of the Department of Veterans Affairs. J.E. Davis, BS, Research Assistant II, Division of Rheumatology, Tufts Medical Center; L.F. Schaefer, MD, Radiology Fellow, Department of Radiology, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School; T.E. McAlindon, MD, MPH, Chief of Rheumatology, Division of Rheumatology, Tufts Medical Center; C.B. Eaton, MD, MS, Professor of Family Medicine and Epidemiology, Director of Center for Primary Care and Prevention, Alpert Medical School of Brown University; M.B. Roberts, MSc, Statistical Programmer, Center for Primary Care and Prevention, Alpert Medical School of Brown University; I.K. Haugen, MD, PhD, Rheumatology Fellow, Department of Rheumatology, Diakonhjemmet Hospital; S.E. Smith, MD, Section Head and Weissman Distinguished Chair of Musculoskeletal Radiology, Associate Radiology Residency Program Director, Department of Radiology, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School; J. Duryea, PhD, Associate Research Associate, Associate Professor of Radiology, Department of Radiology, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School; B. Lu, DrPH, MD, Assistant Professor of Medicine, Division of Rheumatology, Immunology and Allergy, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School; J.B. Driban, PhD, ATC, CSCS, Associate Professor, Division of Rheumatology, Tufts Medical Center. Address correspondence to J.B. Driban, Division of Rheumatology, Tufts Medical Center; 800 Washington St., Box 406, Boston, Massachusetts 02111, USA. E-mail: Accepted for publication August 15, 2018.
Objective: We aimed to determine whether hand joints develop an accelerated form of osteoarthritis (OA) and to characterize individuals who develop accelerated hand osteoarthritis (AHOA).
Methods: We evaluated 3519 participants in the Osteoarthritis Initiative with complete data for baseline and 48-month radiographic hand osteoarthritis (HOA). One reader scored posteroanterior radiographs of the dominant hand using a modified Kellgren-Lawrence (KL) scale and another reader scored the presence of central or marginal erosions. Read More
J Hum Evol 2018 Dec 16;125:15-26. Epub 2018 Oct 16.
Department of Anatomical Sciences, Stony Brook University School of Medicine, Stony Brook, NY 11794-8081, USA.
Great apes exhibit a suite of morphological traits of the shoulder and upper thorax that have traditionally been linked to orthograde arborealism. Recently it has been proposed that these traits are instead adaptations for knuckle-walking, and more broadly, that knuckle-walking itself is an adaptation for shock absorption during terrestriality. Here we test several tenets of these hypotheses using kinematic and kinetic data from chimpanzees and macaques, and electromyographic data of shoulder muscle activity in chimpanzees. Read More
J Hand Surg Eur Vol 2018 Dec 4:1753193418817172. Epub 2018 Dec 4.
Capio/CFR Hospital, Hellerup, Denmark.
I summarize my changing views and practices of arthroplasty in hand surgery over the past four decades. I recommend simple resection of the trapeziectomy for advanced arthritis of the first carpometacarpal joint, silicone implants for the metacarpophalangeal joints and the proximal interphalangeal joints, and the total wrist arthroplasty for advanced wrist arthritis and collapse. I also outline technical tips of these procedures. Read More
PLoS One 2018 4;13(12):e0207926. Epub 2018 Dec 4.
Lupus Clinic, Rheumatology, Dipartimento di Medicina Interna e Specialità Mediche, Sapienza Università di Roma, Rome, Italy.
Objective: Limited evidences are available on biomarkers to recognize Systemic Lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients at risk to develop erosive arthritis. Anti-citrullinated peptide antibodies (ACPA) have been widely investigated and identified in up to 50% of X-ray detected erosive arthritis; conversely, few studies evaluated anti-carbamylated proteins antibodies (anti-CarP). Here, we considered the application of machine learning models to identify relevant factors in the development of ultrasonography (US)-detected erosive damage in a large cohort of SLE patients with joint involvement. Read More
J Hand Microsurg 2018 Dec 5;10(3):162-165. Epub 2018 Apr 5.
Division of Plastic Surgery, University of Colorado, Aurora, Colorado, United States.
A right-hand-dominant 55-year-old male automotive mechanic presented 24 hours following a hydrofluoric acid burn to the volar left thumb. Despite the severity of soft tissue injury, the neurovascular bundles were intact. Although a free toe-pulp flap is often described to cover volar digit defects, the resultant 6- × 4-cm full-thickness injury of the thumb was too large to be adequately covered by a toe-pulp flap or other commonly used local flaps from the ipsilateral hand. Read More
J Digit Imaging 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.
Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, 25 New Chardon Street Suite 400B, Boston, MA, 02114, USA.
Despite the well-established impact of sex and sex hormones on bone structure and density, there has been limited description of sexual dimorphism in the hand and wrist in the literature. We developed a deep convolutional neural network (CNN) model to predict sex based on hand radiographs of children and adults aged between 5 and 70 years. Of the 1531 radiographs tested, the algorithm predicted sex correctly in 95. Read More
Meat Sci 2018 Nov 15;149:63-69. Epub 2018 Nov 15.
Centro Tecnolóxico da Carne de Galicia, Rúa Galicia Nº 4, Parque Tecnolóxico de Galicia, San Cibrán das Viñas, 32900 Ourense, Spain.
This study was conducted to compare the essential and toxic element content of seven veal cuts: shoulder clod (SC), inside round (IR), eye of round (ER), bottom round (BR), heel of round (HR), knuckle (KK) and tenderloin (TL). Eighty-four meat samples were determined by ICP-MS. Overall, essential trace elements (Co, Cu, Fe, Mn and Zn), except Se, varied significantly between the different meat cuts. Read More
Vet Radiol Ultrasound 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.
Diagnostic imaging, Department of Clinical science, VetAgro Sup, Veterinary Campus, University of Lyon, Marcy l'Etoile, France.
The metacarpophalangeal joint is a common site of pain in horses. Little information is available about bone marrow lesions in the distal condyles of the third metacarpal bone in sports and pleasure horses. Aims of this prospective, retrospective, observational study were to evaluate the prevalence of bone marrow lesions in the distal condyles of the third metacarpal bone, to describe their anatomic distribution and to correlate lesions with the presence of lameness and the level and type of activity. Read More
J Sci Food Agric 2018 Nov 24. Epub 2018 Nov 24.
Centro Tecnológico de la Carne de Galicia, Rúa Galicia N° 4, Parque Tecnológico de Galicia, San Cibrán das Viñas 32900, Ourense, Spain.
Background: Beef is a highly nutritious and valuable food. In order to complete its nutritional information, in this study was determined the chemical and physico-chemical parameters and fatty acids, amino acids and minerals contents in seven primal cuts from veal carcasses (shoulder clod [SC], inside round [IR], eye of round [ER], bottom round [BR], heel of round [HR], knuckle [KK] and tenderloin [TL]).
Results: The intramuscular fat content was higher and the cholesterol content was lower in TL than in the other cuts. Read More
Front Neurol 2018 7;9:923. Epub 2018 Nov 7.
Department of Physical Therapy and Human Movement Sciences, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, United States.
In this study, we explored whether improved hand function is possible in poststroke chronic hemiparetic individuals with severe upper limb motor impairments when they participate in device-aided task-specific practice. Eight participants suffering from chronic stroke (>1-year poststroke, mean: 11.2 years) with severely impaired upper extremity movement (Upper Extremity Subscale of the Fugl-Meyer Motor Assessment (UEFMA) score between 10 and 24) participated in this study. Read More
Arthritis Res Ther 2018 Nov 21;20(1):260. Epub 2018 Nov 21.
Department of Rheumatology C1-R, Leiden University Medical Centre, PO Box 9600, Leiden, 2300RC, the Netherlands.
Objective: Subclinical joint inflammation in patients with arthralgia is predictive for progression to rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, the time course of progression for bone marrow edema (osteitis), synovitis, and/or tenosynovitis is unsettled. This longitudinal study assessed the course of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-detected subclinical joint inflammation during progression to RA. Read More
Ann Plast Surg 2019 Jan;82(1S Suppl 1):S13-S17
From the Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan, Republic of China.
Background: In this study, we present the long-term functional and aesthetic outcomes in patients with complicated asymmetric radial polydactyly treated with this surgical technique involving the transposition of a duplicated thumb.
Methods: We evaluated 6 thumbs in 6 patients who underwent radial polydactyly reconstruction using the transposition of duplicated thumb procedure between 2001 and 2017. The procedure was used when one of the thumbs was not obviously dominant over the other, with one having a better proximal portion and the other having a better distal portion. Read More
Front Psychol 2018 5;9:2125. Epub 2018 Nov 5.
School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia.
A pianist's movements are fundamental to music-making by producing the musical sounds and the expressive movements of the trunk and arms which communicate the music's structural and emotional information making it valuable for this review to examine upper-body movement in the performance process in combination with the factors important in skill acquisition. The underpinning playing technique must be efficient with economic muscle use by using body segments according to their design and movement potential with the arm segments mechanically linked to produce coordinated and fluent movement. Two physiologically and pianistically important actions proposed by early music scientists to deliver the keystroke involve dropping the hand from the shoulders toward the keys via a wave action with the joints activated sequentially, and forearm rotation to position the fingers for the keystroke, an action followed by the elbow/upper-arm rotating in the opposite direction. Read More
J Rheumatol 2018 Nov 15. Epub 2018 Nov 15.
From the Department of Pediatrics, and the Department of Radiology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark. Supported by the Danish Rheumatism Association and by the Aarhus University Research Foundation. D.Ø. Pradsgaard, MD, PhD, Department of Pediatrics, Aarhus University Hospital; A. Hørlyck, MD, Department of Radiology, Aarhus University Hospital; A.H. Spannow, MD, PhD, Department of Pediatrics, Aarhus University Hospital; C. Heuck, MD, PhD, Department of Pediatrics, Aarhus University Hospital; T. Herlin, MD, DMSc, Department of Pediatrics, Aarhus University Hospital. Address correspondence to Dr. D.Ø. Pradsgaard, Aarhus University Hospital Skejby, Pediatrics, Palle Juul-Jensens Boulevard 99, Aarhus N 8200, Denmark. E-mail: Accepted for publication September 7, 2018.
Objective: Joint space narrowing (JSN) is a measurable outcome of tissue degeneration in arthritis. JSN is usually assessed by conventional radiography. Ultrasonographic (US) measurement of joint cartilage thickness has been validated in healthy children, and US measurement of the distal femoral cartilage has been validated in a group of patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). Read More
Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc 2018 Jul;2018:5890-5893
In this paper, we aim to extract the aortic knuckle (AK) contour in chest radiographs, an anatomical structure rarely being addressed in the literature. Since the AK structure is small and thin, simply adopting the deep network methods that are successful for large organ segmentation is inadequate for achieving good pixel-level accuracy and resolving local ambiguities. To address this challenge, we propose a new coarse-to-fine segmentation approach which focuses on global and local information contexts, respectively. Read More
Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc 2018 Jul;2018:3734-3737
This paper introduces a novel finger motion capture system using FBG (fiber Bragg grating) optical sensors. We develop two types of sensors to seamlessly reconstruct finger motion from strains induced in the FBGs. First, the shape sensor incorporates three optical fibers with multiple FBGs to reconstruct the position and orientation of a finger joint in 3D. Read More
Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc 2018 Jul;2018:3406-3409
In this work a fully automatic system to identify the extensor tendon on ultrasound images of the metacarpophalangeal joint is proposed. These images are used to diagnose rheumatic diseases which are one of the main causes of impairment and pain in developed countries. The early diagnosis of these conditions is crucial to a proper treatment and follow-up and so, a system such as the one proposed here, could be useful to automatically extract relevant information from the resulting images. Read More
J Hand Surg Asian Pac Vol 2018 Dec;23(4):601-604
1 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Sports Medicine, Tsukuba University Hospital Mito Clinical Education and Training Center, Mito Kyodo General Hospital, University of Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan.
We managed a case of locked metacarpophalangeal joint of the little finger in the extension position. Incarceration of a chronic osteochondral fracture fragment led to this unique condition. The fracture fragment partially adhered to the volar plate and ulnar collateral ligament on the joint side, which is supposed to have resulted in manually irreducible locking of the joint. Read More
Eur J Orthop Surg Traumatol 2018 Nov 13. Epub 2018 Nov 13.
Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Gölcük State Hospital, Kocaeli, Turkey.
Background: We aimed to present the radiological and clinical results of Kirschner-wire (K-wire) fixation and low-profile plate-screw fixation applied to unstable proximal phalangeal fractures without extension to the joint.
Methods: Clinical and radiological data of 22 patients who underwent fixation with open reduction and low-profile 1.5-mm titanium mini plate and unlocked screws and 18 patients who underwent fixation with K-wire due to closed, unstable extra-articular proximal phalangeal fractures were retrospectively examined. Read More
Ann Plast Surg 2019 Jan;82(1S Suppl 1):S130-S135
From the Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, National Cheng Kung University Hospital, College of Medicine, and.
Locked thumb metacarpophalangeal joint caused by entrapment of the sesamoid bone is an uncommon entity. The intact volar plate, strong ligamentous attachment between the sesamoid bone and the joint, and altered axis of inserted muscle all contribute to failure of closed reduction. The patient's history, clinical presentation, and plain radiographic findings are all important clues to diagnosing this rare disease. Read More
J Hand Surg Am 2018 Nov 9. Epub 2018 Nov 9.
Department of Plastic Surgery, University Medical Centre Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands. Electronic address:
Purpose: The aim of this study was to analyze the durability of the treatment results of the thumb and first web contractures in Dupuytren disease with collagenase Clostridium histolyticum.
Methods: Twelve patients (14 hands) were followed for an average of 35 months (range, 24-42 months). Two patients (3 hands) were excluded, yielding 11 hands available for assessment. Read More
Biomech Model Mechanobiol 2018 Nov 9. Epub 2018 Nov 9.
Institute of Lightweight Design and Structural Biomechanics, TU Wien, Getreidemarkt 9/BE, Vienna, Austria.
Previously, a micro-finite element (micro-FE)-based inverse remodelling method was presented in the literature that reconstructs the loading history of a bone based on its architecture alone. Despite promising preliminary results, it remains unclear whether this method is sensitive enough to detect differences of bone loading related to pathologies or habitual activities. The goal of this study was to test the sensitivity of the inverse remodelling method by predicting joint loading histories of metacarpal bones of species with similar anatomy but clearly distinct habitual hand use. Read More
Case Reports Plast Surg Hand Surg 2018 25;5(1):62-67. Epub 2018 Oct 25.
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Nara Medical University, Nara, Japan.
We present two rare cases of acute osteomyelitis after bite injury that were reconstructed with a third metacarpal base osteoarticular flap and a vascularised medial femoral trochlea osteocartilaginous flap. The outcomes show that a vascularised osteoarticular flap is a good treatment option for a metacarpal head defect. Read More
J Orthop Sci 2018 Nov 2. Epub 2018 Nov 2.
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Wakamatsu Hospital, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, 1-17-1 Hamamachi, Wakamatsu-ku, Kitakyushu 808-0024, Japan.
Purpose: To assess the short-term efficacy and safety of collagenase injection for Dupuytren's contracture and of our post-injection therapy protocol alternative the instruction of phase III studies at clinical setting.
Methods: The retrospective study included 23 fingers of 21 hands of 18 patients for primary metacarpophalangeal (MP) joints and 11 fingers of 10 hands of 10 patients for primary proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joints with Dupuytren's contracture who were treated with 0.58 mg collagenase Clostridium histolyticum (CCH) injections at our hospital consecutively from September 2015 to October 2017. Read More
Rev Bras Ortop 2018 Nov-Dec;53(6):788-791. Epub 2017 Dec 29.
University of South Florida, Tampa, United States.
Thumb injuries are not as common as those occurring in the fingers. The authors present the case of a patient who had an isolated avulsion of the extensor pollicis brevis that resulted in metacarpophalangeal joint instability, with intact radial and ulnar collateral ligament. Read More
BMC Med Res Methodol 2018 Oct 29;18(1):120. Epub 2018 Oct 29.
Department of Orthopedics, Kristianstad-Ystad-Hässleholm Hospitals, Hässleholm, Sweden.
Background: The most commonly reported outcome measure in Dupuytren disease is the extension deficit in finger joints. This study aimed to investigate the examiners' influence on the measured difference between active and passive extension deficit.
Methods: A prospective cohort study was conducted on 157 consecutive patients (81% men, mean age 70 years) scheduled for collagenase treatment for Dupuytren disease. Read More
J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 2018 Dec 24;71(12):1717-1722. Epub 2018 Aug 24.
Department of Hand Surgery, The Second Hospital of Jilin University, No. 218, Ziqiang Street, Changchun 130041, Jilin Province, China. Electronic address:
Purpose: We aimed to detect whether percutaneous arthrography can provide detailed information for surgery for Wassel type IV thumb duplication prior to skin incision.
Methods: Percutaneous arthrography of the metacarpophalangeal (MP) joints was performed in eight infants. Of these, three patients had interphalangeal (IP) joints, in which thumb duplication at the MP joint (Wassel type IV) was detected on radiography. Read More
Med J Malaysia 2018 Oct;73(5):330-331
Hospital Sungai Buloh, Department of Radiology, Sungai Buloh, Selangor, Malaysia.
Coarctation of the aorta (CoA) is present in 0.4% of live births and in 7% of patients with congenital heart disease. While there may be florid presentations of congestive heart failure in the neonatal period, the diagnosis during adulthood is often delayed. Read More
J Hand Surg Eur Vol 2018 Oct 22:1753193418806195. Epub 2018 Oct 22.
3 Clinical Research Center, International University of Health and Welfare, Tokyo, Japan.
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the mid- to long-term clinical outcomes of total finger joint arthroplasty using a costal osteochondral autograft for joint ankylosis. Twenty-three joints (three metacarpophalangeal joints, 20 proximal interphalangeal joints) in 23 patients (19 men and four women) were treated with a costal osteochondral autograft and were evaluated after a mean follow-up of 77 months (60-138). Mean age was 33 years (18 to 55). Read More
Hand Surg Rehabil 2018 Dec 19;37(6):372-379. Epub 2018 Oct 19.
Department of orthopedics, service of hand surgery, clinique du Mont-Louis, 8-10, rue de la Folie-Regnault, 75011 Paris, France.
Our aims were to study the anatomical feasibility of triceps brachii long head (TBLH) transfer to the extensor digitorum communis (EDC) and extensor pollicis longus (EPL) tendons through a medial route, and to report on its first clinical application. Dissections were conducted on 10 fresh-frozen cadaver specimens. Using a posteromedial approach, the TBLH was separated from the remaining triceps and extended distally with a fascia lata strip. Read More
Hand Surg Rehabil 2018 Dec 15;37(6):329-336. Epub 2018 Oct 15.
CHU de Nancy, centre chirurgical Émile-Gallé, service de chirurgie de la main, 49, rue Hermite, 54000 Nancy, France. Electronic address:
Vascularized toe joint transfers are used for proximal interphalangeal (PIP) or metacarpophalangeal reconstruction of the fingers in children or young adults, as an alternative to joint arthroplasty. In children, this reconstruction aims to restore range of motion (ROM) and the growing capacities. The typical donor sites are the PIP or metatarsophalangeal joints of the second toe. Read More
Anat Rec (Hoboken) 2018 Oct 17. Epub 2018 Oct 17.
Department of Anthropology, Central Connecticut State University, New Britain, Connecticut.
The third metacarpal has been a focus of study when examining questions surrounding early hominin locomotion since this bone is adapted to the diverse range of positional behaviors performed by extant hominoids. The shape of this bone is potentially under strong selective pressure related to the biomechanical demands of terrestrial knuckle-walking, arboreal clambering, and brachiation performed by extant hominoids since the hand directly interacts with the substrate during the performance of these movements. The objective of the present study was to explore shape variation of the third metacarpal and examine how different parts of the bone discriminated between hominoid genera that perform these different locomotor behaviors. Read More
Anat Rec (Hoboken) 2018 Oct 13. Epub 2018 Oct 13.
Department of Anthropology, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York.
The sacrum occupies a functionally important anatomical position as part of the pelvic girdle and vertebral column. Sacral orientation and external morphology in modern humans are distinct from those in other primates and compatible with the demands of habitual bipedal locomotion. Among nonhuman primates, however, how sacral anatomy relates to positional behaviors is less clear. Read More
Quant Imaging Med Surg 2018 Sep;8(8):781-787
Department of Ultrasound, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China.
Background: High frequency ultrasound is often used to measure the thickness of fluid in peripheral joints and bursae of healthy asymptomatic populations. Two major steps critical to this procedure are obtaining the detection rates and analyzing the relevant factors.
Methods: Healthy Chinese adult volunteers with no history of arthritis, past trauma or surgery and joint pain were enrolled in this study. Read More
J Neural Transm (Vienna) 2018 Dec 5;125(12):1813-1817. Epub 2018 Oct 5.
New York Medical College, Valhalla, NY, USA.
Hand deformities are well-known abnormalities observed in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). We determined the frequency and diagnostic accuracy of hand deformities in PD. We studied 44 consecutive patients with PD, 44 age- and gender-matched normal controls and 22 patients with essential tremor (ET). Read More
J Hand Surg Asian Pac Vol 2018 Sep;23(3):330-335
§ Hand Surgery Unit, St Vincent's Public Hospital, Fitzroy, VIC, Australia.
Background: The Extensor Pollicis Brevis (EPB) is an extrinsic thumb muscle whose main function is extension of the first metacarpophalangeal joint (MCPJ). It is subject to significant anatomical variation and may be absent, vestigial or have an anomalous distal attachment. Clinical examination of EPB is notoriously difficult and no reliable test has yet been described. Read More
J Hand Surg Asian Pac Vol 2018 Sep;23(3):408-411
* Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Tsuchiura Kyodo Hospital, Tsuchiura, Japan.
A 15-year-old male patient presented with difficulty extending his right thumb due to subluxation of the extensor pollicis longus (EPL) tendon. Physical examination showed that active motion of the thumb's metacarpophalangeal (MP) joint was 76° in flexion and -58° in extension. During active extension, the EPL tendon shifted onto the ulnar aspect of the MP joint, and the extensor pollicis brevis (EPB) tendon shifted onto the central dorsal course of the MP joint. Read More
BMJ Case Rep 2018 Sep 28;2018. Epub 2018 Sep 28.
Medicine/Rheumatology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, USA.
We report a case of calcium pyrophosphate deposition disease (CPPD) with an unusual presentation of severe chondrocalcinosis with atypical large burden deposited in the metacarpophalangeal joints as well as more typical deposition in wrists and knees as demonstrated on plain radiographs. A 77-year-old African-American woman 1-year status post parathyroidectomy for hyperparathyroidism initially presented to the rheumatology clinic to treat suspected rheumatoid arthritis given her pattern of joint involvement but was found to have CPPD. The patient's history is notable for end-stage renal disease which complicates medical management. Read More
Tech Hand Up Extrem Surg 2018 Dec;22(4):146-149
Yukioka Hospital Hand Center, Osaka Yukioka College of Health Science, Kita-ku, Osaka-shi, Osaka, Japan.
We developed a substitution technique for a sagittal band reconstruction for subluxation of the third extensor tendon at the metacarpophalangeal joint. Through this procedure, we attempted to supply a tether between the second and third extensor digitorum communis (EDC) tendons. A half-slip of the second EDC was interlaced to the third EDC tendon at the level of the third metacarpal head with the metacarpophalangeal joint in full flexion position; this ensured that the interlace of the graft serves as a direct stabilizer against ulnar subluxation. Read More
Comput Methods Biomech Biomed Engin 2018 Sep 26:1-10. Epub 2018 Sep 26.
b Department of Human Movement Sciences , KU Leuven , Leuven , Belgium.
To improve our understanding on the neuromechanics of finger movements, a comprehensive musculoskeletal model is needed. The aim of this study was to build a musculoskeletal model of the hand and wrist, based on one consistent data set of the relevant anatomical parameters. We built and tested a model including the hand and wrist segments, as well as the muscles of the forearm and hand in OpenSim. Read More
Orthop Traumatol Surg Res 2018 Oct 2;104(6):901-905. Epub 2018 Jul 2.
University of Granada, Spain; Ophtalmologic Department, Hospital Virxen da Xunqueira, Cee, 15270 A Coruña, Spain.
Background: Collagenase clostridium histolyticum is now recognized as a viable treatment for Dupuytren disease. The high rate of adverse effects reported in patients continues to spark debate and raise questions about the true frequency of effects and their associated mechanisms of action.
Hypothesis: To investigate whether outcomes of CCH treatment are related to the number of adverse effects experienced. Read More