79,625 results match your criteria Juvenile Xanthogranuloma Nevoxanthoendothelioma


New Directions in the Historiography of Psychiatry.

J Hist Med Allied Sci 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of History, University of Rochester.

Gerald Grob's work in the history of psychiatry over the course of almost fifty years created a model for how historians might successfully situate mental health in its social and political context, and how inseparable it was from this context. Over the last twenty years, the field has grown tremendously. Historians have incorporated categories of analysis like gender and race, methodologies like cultural history and intellectual history, and sought to continue Grob's quest to understand American mental health history as a critical component of American history writ large. Read More

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December 2018
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Disentangling the effects of disturbance, climate and tree age on xylem hydraulic conductivity of Betula pendula.

Ann Bot 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Physical Geography and Geoecology, Faculty of Science, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic.

Background And Aims: The increasing frequency of disturbances in temperate forests is responsible for the greater numbers of trees with mechanically damaged cambial zones. Adjustment of wood anatomical structure to balance between safe and efficient water conductivity is one mechanism trees employ to cope with mechanical damage. The relative role of disturbances, tree age and climate in shaping xylem conduits and affecting xylem hydraulic conductivity remains unknown. Read More

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December 2018

Effects of inosine 5'-monophosphate supplementation in high fishmeal and high soybean diets on growth, immune-related gene expression in gibel carp (Carassius auratus gibelio var. CAS Ⅲ), and its challenge against Aeromonas hydrophila infection.

Fish Shellfish Immunol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology, Institute of Hydrobiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, Hubei, 430072, PR China.

The present study was conducted to evaluate dietary inosine 5'-monophosphate (5'-IMP) on growth, immune genes expression and disease resistance against Aeromonas hydrophila in juvenile gibel carp (Carassius auratus gibelio var. CAS Ⅲ) (initial body weight: 7.48g). Read More

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December 2018

Characterization of locomotor response to psychostimulants in the parthenogenetic marbled crayfish (Procambarus fallax forma virginalis): A promising model for studying the neural and molecular mechanisms of drug addiction.

Behav Brain Res 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

J.P. Scott Center for Neuroscience, Mind & Behavior, and Department of Biological Sciences, Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, OH 43403, USA.

Although scientific research using mammalian models has made great strides in uncovering the enigmatic neural and molecular mechanisms orchestrating the state of drug addiction, a complete understanding has thus far eluded researchers. The complexity of the task has led to the use of invertebrate model systems to complement the research of drug-induced reward in mammalian systems. Invertebrates, such as crayfish, offer excellent model systems to help reveal the underlying mechanisms of drug addiction as they retain the ancestral neural reward circuit that is evolutionarily conserved across taxa, and they possess relatively few, large neurons, laid out in an accessible, modularly organized nervous system. Read More

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December 2018

Carry-over effects of early thermal conditions on somatic and germline oxidative damages are mediated by compensatory growth in sticklebacks.

J Anim Ecol 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Departamento de Ecoloxía e Bioloxía Animal, Universidade de Vigo, Vigo, Spain.

Most studies of climate change impacts focus on the effects of summer temperatures, which can immediately impact fitness of breeders, but winter temperatures are expected to have a greater impact on development and growth of animals with long-lasting consequences. Exposure to warmer temperatures can increase cellular oxidative damage in ectotherms. Yet, it is unknown whether thermal stress during early life has prolonged effects on oxidative status during adulthood. Read More

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November 2018

Kawasaki disease-related arthritis with synovial involvement.

Pediatr Int 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Japan, Kitakyushu, Japan.

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December 2018

Patterns of mercury and selenium exposure in Minnesota common loons.

Environ Toxicol Chem 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, 500 Lafayette Road, St. Paul, Minnesota 55155, USA.

Common loons (Gavia immer) are at risk of elevated dietary mercury (Hg) exposure in portions of their breeding range. To assess the level of risk among loons in Minnesota, we investigated loon blood Hg concentrations in breeding lakes across Minnesota. Loon blood Hg concentrations were regressed on predicted Hg concentrations in standardized 12-cm whole organism yellow perch (Perca flavescens), based on fish Hg records from Minnesota lakes, using the U. Read More

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December 2018

Apelinergic system in the kidney: implications for diabetic kidney disease.

Physiol Rep 2018 Dec;6(23):e13939

Department of Medicine, Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois.

The bioactive peptides of the apelinergic system and its receptor APJ have been shown to play a protective role in experimental cardiovascular and diabetic kidney disease (DKD). Mechanisms of this renoprotective effect remain to be elucidated. In this study, we examined the localization of APJ within the normal kidney and its kidney expression in the db/db model of DKD. Read More

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December 2018
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Rapidly growing juvenile granulosa cell tumor of the ovary arising in adult: a case report and review of the literature.

J Ovarian Res 2018 Dec 14;11(1):100. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Radiology, Osaka Medical College, 2-7 Daigaku-machi, Takatsuki City, Osaka, 569-8686, Japan.

Background: Ovarian granulosa cell tumors (GCTs) are divided into adult GCT (AGCT) and juvenile GCT (JGCT). The AGCT is more common type, conversely, less than 5% of tumors are the JGCT and occur in mainly premenarchal girls and in women younger than 30 years. Although JGCT have different histologic features compared to AGCT, the two types have similar imaging features because they have similar gross appearance. Read More

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December 2018

Off-label use of tocilizumab to treat non-juvenile idiopathic arthritis in pediatric rheumatic patients: a literature review.

Pediatr Rheumatol Online J 2018 Dec 14;16(1):79. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Rheumatology, Ajou University of medical school, 164 Worldcup-ro, Yeongtong-gu, Suwon, 16499, Republic of Korea.

Tocilizumab, an anti-interleukin-6 (IL-6) agent, is indicated as a treatment for several autoimmune or inflammatory diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis and juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). IL-6 plays roles in both immune system dysregulation and inflammation, and thus efforts to extend the utility of tocilizumab in patients with autoinflammatory conditions are ongoing. Here, we survey the literature on the off-label use of tocilizumab in patients with juvenile-onset rheumatic diseases including juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), juvenile dermatomyositis (DM), vasculitis, juvenile scleroderma, and other autoinflammatory diseases. Read More

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December 2018

Epigenetic modifications acetylation and deacetylation play important roles in juvenile hormone action.

BMC Genomics 2018 Dec 14;19(1):934. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Entomology, College of Agriculture, Food and Environment, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, 40546, USA.

Background: Epigenetic modifications including DNA methylation and post-translational modifications of histones are known to regulate gene expression. Antagonistic activities of histone acetyltransferases (HATs) and histone deacetylases (HDACs) mediate transcriptional reprogramming during insect development as shown in Drosophila melanogaster and other insects. Juvenile hormones (JH) play vital roles in the regulation of growth, development, metamorphosis, reproduction and other physiological processes. Read More

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December 2018

Regional differences in the infection of wild Japanese macaques by gastrointestinal helminth parasites.

Authors:
Shunji Gotoh

Primates 2000 Jul;41(3):291-298

Primate Research Institute, Kyoto University, Kanrin, Inuyama, 484-8506, Aichi, Japan.

A coprological survey of gastrointestinal parasites in wild Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata), from 14 natural habitats was done. Ova of five nematode species (Trichuris trichiura, Strongyloides fuelleborni, Streptopharagus pigmentatus, Oesophagostomum aculeatum, andGongylonema species) and a worm of the cestode species,Bertiella studieri, were detected. Some differences found in rates of infection by sex were observed in the 14 areas. Read More

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Clinical Features and Treatment of Down Syndrome Arthropathy: Experience from Two US Tertiary Hospitals.

Paediatr Drugs 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Division of Rheumatology, Children's Mercy Kansas City, 2401 Gillham Road, Kansas City, MO, 64108, USA.

Background: Arthropathy of Down syndrome (DA) is largely under-recognized, with an average 2-year delay in diagnosis. Most patients present with polyarthritis, and treatment has historically been challenging.

Objectives: Our objective was to investigate the clinical features and treatment of DA in the largest cohort reported to date. Read More

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December 2018
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Neuroinflammatory signals drive spinal curve formation in zebrafish models of idiopathic scoliosis.

Sci Adv 2018 Dec 12;4(12):eaav1781. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Program in Developmental & Stem Cell Biology, The Hospital for Sick Children, 686 Bay Street, Toronto, Ontario M5G 0A4, Canada.

The etiopathogenesis of idiopathic scoliosis (IS), a highly prevalent spinal deformity that occurs in the absence of obvious congenital or physiological abnormalities, is poorly understood. Although recent zebrafish genetic studies have linked cilia motility and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow defects with scoliosis progression, underlying mechanisms were not identified. Here, we use next-generation sequencing and conditional genetic methodologies to define the spatial and biological origins of spinal curve formation in mutant zebrafish, a faithful IS model. Read More

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December 2018

Nasopharyngeal angiofibroma in an elderly female patient: A rare case report.

Mol Clin Oncol 2018 Dec 5;9(6):702-704. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

Department of Sense Organs, Sapienza University of Rome, I-00186 Rome, Italy.

'Juvenile' nasopharyngeal angiofibroma, which accounts for <1% of all head and neck neoplasms, occurs predominantly in males between 10 and 18 years of age. The small number of patients older than 30 years confirms that presentation after this age is exceptional. Only rare cases of nasopharyngeal angiofibroma in female patients have been documented to date, and some authors believe that sex chromosome studies are indicated in such cases. Read More

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December 2018

The Possible Effects of High Vessel Traffic on the Physiological Parameters of the Critically Endangered Yangtze Finless Porpoise (. .

Front Physiol 2018 28;9:1665. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Institute of Hydrobiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, China.

Poyang is the largest freshwater lake in China, where the acoustic environment and space for the critically endangered Yangtze finless porpoises (YFPs) has been altered by heavy vessel traffic and dredging activities. The density of vessel and the rate of dredging increases annually, especially in the area with the highest density of YFPs. The heavy vessel traffic can cause an increase in the physical activities and direct physical injuries to the YFPs. Read More

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November 2018

Anakinra in Still's disease: a profile of its use.

Drugs Ther Perspect 2018 31;34(12):543-553. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Springer, Private Bag 65901, Mairangi Bay, 0754 Auckland, New Zealand.

The EU indication for anakinra has been extended to include Still's disease, a serious rare inflammatory disorder of unknown aetiology that comprises adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD) and systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (SJIA). As activated interleukin-1 pathways are associated with the systemic manifestations of these disorders, targeted treatment with anakinra, an interleukin-1 inhibitor, has been investigated. Across clinical and real-world studies in patients with AOSD and SJIA, treatment with anakinra achieved clinical remission/response, provided rapid and sustained improvements in systemic and laboratory manifestations, and allowed the use of corticosteroid- and disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARD) to be reduced or discontinued. Read More

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October 2018
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Molecular evolution of juvenile hormone esterase-like proteins in a socially exchanged fluid.

Sci Rep 2018 Dec 13;8(1):17830. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Center for Integrative Genomics, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland.

Socially exchanged fluids are a direct means by which an organism can influence conspecifics. It was recently shown that when workers of the carpenter ant Camponotus floridanus feed larval offspring via trophallaxis, they transfer Juvenile Hormone III (JH), a key developmental regulator, as well as paralogs of JH esterase (JHE), an enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of JH. Here we combine proteomic, phylogenetic and selection analyses to investigate the evolution of this esterase subfamily. Read More

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December 2018
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Vitamin D deficiency is associated with higher disease activity and the risk for uveitis in juvenile idiopathic arthritis - data from a German inception cohort.

Arthritis Res Ther 2018 Dec 13;20(1):276. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

German Rheumatism Research Center, a Leibniz Institute, Charitéplatz 1, 10117, Berlin, Germany.

Objective: The objective was to evaluate the 25(OH) vitamin D (25(OH)D) status of patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) and determine whether the 25(OH)D level is associated with disease activity and the course of JIA.

Methods: Patients ≤ 16 years of age with recently diagnosed JIA (< 12 months) were enrolled in the inception cohort of patients with newly diagnosed JIA (ICON), an ongoing prospective observational, controlled multicenter study started in 2010. Clinical and laboratory parameters were ascertained quarterly during the first year and half-yearly thereafter. Read More

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December 2018

Calprotectin strongly and independently predicts relapse in rheumatoid arthritis and polyarticular psoriatic arthritis patients treated with tumor necrosis factor inhibitors: a 1-year prospective cohort study.

Arthritis Res Ther 2018 Dec 13;20(1):275. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Rheumatology, Hospital Clinic, University of Barcelona, Carrer Villarroel 170, 08036, Barcelona, Spain.

Background: Calprotectin is a biomarker of disease activity in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and predicts relapse in juvenile idiopathic arthritis. Higher drug trough serum levels are associated with a good response in patients treated with tumor necrosis factor inhibitors (TNFi). Power Doppler ultrasound synovitis is predictive of relapse and structural damage progression in patients in clinical remission. Read More

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December 2018
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Rates of neglect in a national sample: Child and family characteristics and psychological impact.

Child Abuse Negl 2018 Dec 10;88:256-265. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH, United States.

Background: Childhood neglect is an understudied form of childhood maltreatment despite being the most commonly reported to authorities.

Objective: This study provides national estimates of neglect subtypes, demographic variations in exposure to neglect subtypes, and examines the psychological impact.

Participants And Setting: Pooled data from two representative U. Read More

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December 2018

Di-2-ethylhexylphthalate promotes thyroid cell proliferation and DNA damage through activating thyrotropin-receptor-mediated pathways in vitro and in vivo.

Food Chem Toxicol 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, 03760, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Phthalates are being suggested to be associated with altered thyroid function and proliferative changes, but detailed mechanisms remain unclear. Here, we examined the effects of di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) on DNA damage and proliferation in thyroid using thyroid carcinoma cell line, 8505C, in vitro and the rats orally treated with DEHP at 0, 0.3, 3, 30 and 150 mg/kg for 90 days from post-natal day 9 in vivo. Read More

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December 2018

Characterization of gene deletion mutants of Cyprinid herpesvirus 3 (koi herpesvirus) lacking the immunogenic envelope glycoproteins pORF25, pORF65, pORF148 and pORF149.

Virus Res 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Institute of Molecular Virology and Cell Biology, Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut, Greifswald-Insel Riems, Germany. Electronic address:

Cyprinid herpesvirus 3 (CyHV-3) or koi herpesvirus is a global pathogen causing mass mortality in koi and common carp, against which improved vaccines are urgently needed. In this study we investigated the role of four nonessential, but immunogenic envelope glycoproteins encoded by members of the ORF25 gene family (ORF25, ORF65, ORF148 and ORF149) during CyHV-3 replication. Single deletion of ORF65 did not affect in vitro replication, and deletion of ORF148 even slightly enhanced virus growth on common carp brain (CCB) cells, deletions of ORF25 or ORF149 led to reduced plaque sizes and virus titers, which was due to delayed entry into host cells. Read More

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December 2018

Endothelial Dysfunction in Children with Juvenile Psoriatic Arthritis.

Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove) 2018 ;61(3):79-85

Department of Dermatology, A. Reiman's Hospital, Prešov, Slovakia.

Background: To evaluate the presence of endothelial dysfunction in Slovak children with juvenile psoriatic arthritis in the absence of classic cardiovascular risk factors in order to assess its relationship to the disease activity and disability.

Methods: 25 juvenile psoriatic arthritis patients (JPSA) and 25 healthy controls aged 6-19 years were enrolled into this study. In all subjects vascular measurements over a period of three years (January 2013 - January 2016) were performed, in accordance with the guidelines for ultrasonographic evaluation of FMD% (flow-mediated endothelial dependent vasodilatation) of the brachial artery. Read More

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January 2018

Next-Generation Transgenic Cotton: Pyramiding RNAi with Bt Counters Insect Resistance.

Methods Mol Biol 2019 ;1902:245-256

Agronomy Department, College of Agriculture and Biotechnology, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China.

Transgenic crops expressing Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) toxins have become a cornerstone in integrated pest management. To counter rapidly increasing pest resistance to transgenic crops producing single Bt toxins, transgenic plant "pyramids" producing two or more Bt toxins targeting the same pest have been widely adopted. However, cross-resistance and antagonism between Bt toxins limit the sustainability of this approach. Read More

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January 2019

Experience-Dependent Intrinsic Plasticity During Auditory Learning.

J Neurosci 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Program in Neuroscience, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida 32306-4301

Song learning in zebra finches () requires exposure to the song of a tutor, resulting in an auditory memory. This memory is the foundation for later sensorimotor learning, resulting in the production of a copy of the tutor's song. The cortical premotor nucleus HVC (proper name) is necessary for auditory and sensorimotor learning as well as the eventual production of adult song. Read More

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December 2018

A case of incomplete Kawasaki disease with extremely high serum ferritin and interleukin-18 levels.

BMC Pediatr 2018 Dec 12;18(1):386. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, Nihon University School of Medicine, 30-1, Oyaguchi, Kami-cho, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo, 173-8610, Japan.

Background: The clinical features and laboratory parameters of patients with Kawasaki disease (KD) and systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (sJIA) occasionally overlap. Therefore, serum levels of cytokine and ferritin are used as markers to distinguish between KD and sJIA. KD patients have a high level of interleukin (IL)-6, low level of IL-18, and no elevation of the level of serum ferritin. Read More

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December 2018

Tuberculin skin test response in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis on anti-TNF therapy

Turk J Med Sci 2018 12 12;48(6):1109-1114. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Background/aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of biologic drugs on the tuberculin skin test in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis.

Materials And Methods: A total of 234 biologic drug-using juvenile idiopathic arthritis patients and 45 healthy controls were enrolled in the study. The tuberculin skin test results of the patients, which had been routinely provided during follow-up, were obtained from the patient files. Read More

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December 2018

Galectins-1 and-3 Increase in Equine Post-traumatic Osteoarthritis.

Front Vet Sci 2018 20;5:288. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, United States.

Galectins are potent regulators of cell adhesion, growth and apoptosis in diverse cell types, including chondrocytes and synovial fibroblasts. Elevations in synovial fluid galectin-3 have been observed in rheumatoid arthritis, juvenile idiopathic arthritis and experimental inflammatory arthritis in animal models, whereas galectin-1 is thought to be protective. Less is known about galectins-1 and-3 in osteoarthritis (OA). Read More

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November 2018

Victimisation in a French population of children and youths with autism spectrum disorder: a case control study.

Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2018 3;12:48. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

1INCIA, CNRS, UMR 5287, Centre Ressource Autisme Aquitaine, Centre Hospitalier Charles Perrens, Bordeaux, France.

Background: Children and youths with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have behavioural characteristics and severe social disabilities that make them vulnerable to victimisation. The current study explores the prevalence of peer victimisation in this population in France.

Methods: We used the Juvenile Victimization Questionnaire-Screener Sum Version in a French sample of 39 children and youths with ASD and 53 typically developing (TD) children and youths and tested the association of the victimisation with socio-demographic factors and clinical factors of anxiety and post-traumatic stress. Read More

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December 2018

Quantitative Genetics and Genomics Converge to Accelerate Forest Tree Breeding.

Front Plant Sci 2018 22;9:1693. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Forest and Conservation Sciences, Faculty of Forestry, University of British Columbia Vancouver, BC, Canada.

Forest tree breeding has been successful at delivering genetically improved material for multiple traits based on recurrent cycles of selection, mating, and testing. However, long breeding cycles, late flowering, variable juvenile-mature correlations, emerging pests and diseases, climate, and market changes, all pose formidable challenges. Genetic dissection approaches such as quantitative trait mapping and association genetics have been fruitless to effectively drive operational marker-assisted selection (MAS) in forest trees, largely because of the complex multifactorial inheritance of most, if not all traits of interest. Read More

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November 2018

Death Associated to Methicillin Resistant ST8 Infection in Two Dolphins Maintained Under Human Care, Italy.

Front Immunol 2018 22;9:2726. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Costa Edutainment spa, Riccione, Italy.

The present study describes the isolation of Methicillin-resistant (MRSA) from respiratory tract of 2 dolphins of different origin, a stranded juvenile Risso's dolphin () and a captive born common bottlenose dolphin () calf, which died in the same institution at 1-month distance from the other. A complete microbiological and genetic investigation confirmed the presence of MRSA clone-complex 8, sequence type (ST) 8, type t008 in both individuals. This strain differs from the one previously reported in walruses and dolphins and has never been described in dolphins before, but it is randomly isolated from Italian human patients. Read More

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November 2018

The Roles of E93 and Kr-h1 in Metamorphosis of .

Front Physiol 2018 22;9:1677. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

State Key Laboratory of Rice Biology, China National Rice Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Hangzhou, China.

Metamorphosis is a crucial process in insect development. Ecdysone-induced protein 93 (E93) is a determinant that promotes adult metamorphosis in both hemimetabolous and holometabolous insects. Krüppel-homolog 1 (Kr-h1), an early juvenile hormone (JH)-inducible gene, participates in JH signaling pathway controlling insect metamorphosis. Read More

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November 2018

New Approaches to Tay-Sachs Disease Therapy.

Front Physiol 2018 20;9:1663. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Institute of Fundamental Medicine and Biology, Kazan Federal University, Kazan, Russia.

Tay-Sachs disease belongs to the group of autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage metabolic disorders. This disease is caused by β-hexosaminidase A (HexA) enzyme deficiency due to various mutations in α-subunit gene of this enzyme, resulting in GM2 ganglioside accumulation predominantly in lysosomes of nerve cells. Tay-Sachs disease is characterized by acute neurodegeneration preceded by activated microglia expansion, macrophage and astrocyte activation along with inflammatory mediator production. Read More

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November 2018

Intellectual Disabilities in Juvenile Justice: The Case for Screening.

J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2018 Dec;57(12):909-910

NYU School of Medicine, New York, NY. Electronic address:

Recent efforts to reform and improve the juvenile justice system have overlooked one critically important issue-the widespread failure to routinely screen for intellectual and developmental disabilities (I/DD) in young offenders. Pursuant to the Americans with Disabilities Act and Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, offenders with I/DD must receive appropriate accommodations. Yet across the country, adolescents and adults with I/DD must engage with the juvenile justice system without appropriate supports and often with their disabilities unknown to corrections staff, lawyers, judges, and other personnel. Read More

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December 2018

Mobile Health (mHealth): Building the Case for Adapting Emerging Technologies for Justice-Involved Youth.

J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2018 Dec;57(12):903-905

University of California, Los Angeles and the UCLA Integrated Substance Abuse Programs, Los Angeles, CA.

The term justice-involved youth encompasses a broad range of youth. It can include youth who have not been detained and have been placed on probation or diversion programs, as well re-entry populations transitioning out of detention facilities or stated custody and placed on probation or parole. There are more than 1. Read More

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December 2018

[Bone remodeling in patients with juvenile condylar resorption after stabilization splint treatment].

Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi 2018 Dec;53(12):832-837

Department of Orthodontics, Stomatological Hospital of Chongqing Medical University & Chongqing Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases and Biomedical Sciences & Chongqing Municipal Key Laboratory of Oral Biomedical Engineering of Higher Education, Chongqing 401147, China.

To investigate bone remodeling in patients with different types of juvenile condylar resorption after stabilization splint treatment using cone-beam CT (CBCT). Fifty-nine juvenile condylar resorption patients (114 sides of condyle) treated with stabilization splint from January 2012 to May 2018 in Department of Temporomandibular Joint, Stomatological Hospital of Chongqing Medical University were selected as splint group, while twenty-four patients (48 sides of condyle) who underwent natural remodeling without stabilization splint treatment after 6-12 months were severed as control group. Pre-and post-treatment CBCT was taken for all patients. Read More

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December 2018

Investigations on the prevalence of tortoise picorna-virus in captive tortoises in Germany.

Tierarztl Prax Ausg K Kleintiere Heimtiere 2018 Oct 12;46(5):304-308. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Objective: Tortoise picornavirus (ToPV) has been speculated to play an important role in the frequently seen disease pattern of juvenile shell softening. This study aimed to determine ToPV prevalence among German tortoise collections.

Material And Methods: A total of 334 animals selected from 27 different collections were included. Read More

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October 2018
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miR172 Regulates both Vegetative and Reproductive Development in the Perennial Woody Plant Jatropha curcas.

Plant Cell Physiol 2018 Dec;59(12):2549-2563

CAS Key Laboratory of Tropical Plant Resources and Sustainable Use, Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Menglun, Mengla, Yunnan, China.

Jatropha curcas is a promising feedstock for biofuel production because its oil is highly suitable for processing bio-jet fuels and biodiesel. However, Jatropha exhibits a long juvenile stage in subtropical areas. miR172, a conserved small non-protein-coding RNA molecule with 21 nucleotides, regulates a wide range of developmental processes. Read More

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December 2018
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Differential developmental changes in cortical representations of auditory-vocal stimuli in songbirds.

J Neurophysiol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

University of Southern California, United States.

Procedural skill learning requires iterative comparisons between feedback of self-generated motor output and a goal sensorimotor pattern. In juvenile songbirds, neural representations of both self-generated behaviors (each bird's own immature song) and the goal motor pattern (each bird's adult tutor song) are essential for vocal learning, yet little is known about how these behaviorally relevant stimuli are encoded. We made extracellular recordings during song playback in anesthetized juvenile and adult zebra finches ( Taeniopygia guttata) in adjacent cortical regions RA (robust nucleus of the arcopallium), AId (dorsal intermediate arcopallium), and RA-cup, each of which is well-situated to integrate auditory-vocal information: RA is a motor cortical region that drives vocal output, AId is an adjoining cortical region whose projections converge with basal ganglia loops for song learning in the dorsal thalamus, and RA-cup surrounds RA and receives inputs from primary and secondary auditory cortex. Read More

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December 2018

Slow growth and delayed maturation in a Critically Endangered insular flying fox ().

J Mammal 2018 Dec 21;99(6):1510-1521. Epub 2018 Sep 21.

The Hawkesbury institute for the Environment, Western Sydney University, Richmond, New South Wales, Australia.

Flying foxes (family Pteropodidae) have distinct life histories given their size, characterized by longevity, low reproductive output, and long gestation. However, they tend to decouple the age at which sexual maturity is reached from the age at which they reach adult dimensions. We examined growth, maturation, and reproduction in the Critically Endangered Christmas Island flying fox () to determine the timing of sex-specific life cycle events and patterns of growth. Read More

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December 2018
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ATP13A2 facilitates HDAC6 recruitment to lysosome to promote autophagosome-lysosome fusion.

J Cell Biol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Institute of Molecular Precision Medicine, Xiangya Hospital and Center for Medical Genetics, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, China

Mutations in cause Kufor-Rakeb syndrome, an autosomal recessive form of juvenile-onset atypical Parkinson's disease (PD). Recent work tied to autophagy and other cellular features of neurodegeneration, but how ATP13A2 governs numerous cellular functions in PD pathogenesis is not understood. In this study, the ATP13A2-deficient mouse developed into aging-dependent phenotypes resembling those of autophagy impairment. Read More

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December 2018
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9.834 Impact Factor

Are Traumatic Brain Injuries Associated With Criminality After Taking Account of Childhood Family Social Status and Disruptive Behaviors?

J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci 2018 Dec 12:appineuropsych18040094. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

From the Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada (GIG, AP); the Centre de Recherche de l'Institut Universitaire de Santé Mentale de Montréal, Département de Psychiatrie et Addictologie, Université de Montréal (MPR, SH); the Groupe de Recherche sur l'Inadaptation Sociale, Montréal (FV, RET, SH); and the School of Health Care and Social Welfare, Mälardalens University, Västerås, Sweden (PL).

Objective:: The authors aimed to elucidate the links between traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) and criminal convictions in a sample of 724 Canadian males with and without criminal records followed up to age 24.

Methods:: Prospectively collected data were analyzed to determine whether prior TBIs predicted subsequent criminal convictions after taking account of family social status (FSS) and childhood disruptive behaviors. At age 24, diagnoses of TBIs were extracted from health records and convictions from official criminal records. Read More

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December 2018
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Successful percutaneous flow redirection to the juvenile patient of fulminant myocarditis treated with percutaneous cardio-pulmonary support.

J Cardiol Cases 2012 Aug 13;6(2):e55-e58. Epub 2012 Jun 13.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine and Advanced Cardiovascular Center, Shinshu University Graduate School of Medicine, 3-1-1 Asahi, Matsumoto 390-8621, Japan.

Percutaneous cardio-pulmonary support (PCPS) system is a powerful life support system for acute circulation failure. This life support system requires more than a fourteen-French cannula to the artery. Insertion with such a large tube sometimes induces damage to the peripheral circulation. Read More

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Management of persistent juvenile angiofibroma after endoscopic resection: Analysis of a single institution series of 74 patients.

Head Neck 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Unit of Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy.

Background: Management of persistent juvenile angiofibroma (pJA) after transnasal endoscopic resection is controversial. To better understand its behavior, optimize treatment, and minimize morbidity, we report our experience in pJA focusing on follow-up strategies and disease progression.

Methods: A retrospective review of clinical records of all JA cases treated with endoscopic surgery at the Unit of Otorhinolaryngology of the University of Brescia between January 1994 and October 2015 was performed. Read More

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December 2018
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The Praxis of Decoloniality in Researcher Training and Community-Based Data Collection.

Am J Community Psychol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development, New York University, New York, NY, USA.

In this paper, we detail our praxis of decoloniality in the context of a community-based study that employs a quantitative experimental methodology to evaluate an intervention for girls involved in the juvenile legal system. We resist the essentializing of methodology that positions quantitative paradigms as impermeable to reflexivity and decoloniality, and describe a model for training and supervising researchers engaged in an experimental randomized controlled trial of an advocacy program for girls, most of whom are girls of color and about half of whom identify as LGBT. In this way, we consider researcher training as a critical teaching context and describe the ways in which our training, community-based data collection, and supervision structure are anchored in de/anti/post colonial and indigenous scholarships. Read More

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December 2018

Cutaneous adult xanthogranuloma with a small portion of BRAF mutated Langerhans cell histiocytosis populations: A case report and the review of published work.

J Dermatol 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Dermatology, Gunma University Graduate School of Medicine, Maebashi, Japan.

Histiocytoses, including Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH), juvenile or adult xanthogranuloma (AXG) and Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD), are rare disorders characterized by the proliferation of cells derived from monocyte/macrophage lineages. A few cases of LCH coexisting with xanthogranuloma or RDD have been reported. The etiology of these diseases remains unclear. Read More

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December 2018
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Population Pharmacokinetics and Exposure-Response Modeling Analyses of Golimumab in Children With Moderately to Severely Active Ulcerative Colitis.

J Clin Pharmacol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Global Clinical Pharmacology, Janssen Research & Development, LLC, Spring House, PA, USA.

Population pharmacokinetics (PK) and exposure-response (E-R) analyses were conducted to compare the PK and E-R relationships of golimumab between children and adults with ulcerative colitis. PK data following subcutaneous golimumab administration to children with ulcerative colitis (6-17 years) in the PURSUIT-PEDS-PK study, adults with ulcerative colitis in the PURSUIT study, and children with pediatric polyarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis (2-17 years) in the GO-KIDS study, were included in the population PK analysis. E-R analysis was conducted using logistic regression to link serum golimumab concentration and Mayo score-based efficacy outcomes in pediatric and adult ulcerative colitis. Read More

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December 2018

Natural Concurrent Infection of Vibrio harveyi and V. alginolyticus in Cultured Hybrid Groupers in Malaysia.

J Aquat Anim Health 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Clinical Oral Biology, Faculty of Dentistry, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Jalan Raja Muda Abdul Aziz, 50300, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

In September 2016, a marine fish farm operator in Selangor, Malaysia reported a disease outbreak affecting juvenile Hybrid Groupers (Camouflage Grouper Epinephelus polyphekadion x Tiger Grouper E. fuscoguttatus). The average daily mortality was 120 fish, resulting in a cumulative mortality rate of 29% within 10 days. Read More

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December 2018

Changes in digestive enzyme activities during early ontogeny of Seriola rivoliana.

Fish Physiol Biochem 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Laboratorio de Fisiología Comparada y Genómica Funcional, Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas del Noroeste, La Paz, BCS, Mexico.

This study contributes to basic knowledge on the development of larval digestive enzyme activities of Seriola rivoliana, a carnivorous species that has shown high mortality in larval stage. The study was conducted under laboratory-controlled conditions until larvae reached 30 days after hatching (DAH). The specific activity of amylase and pepsin was analysed by spectrophotometric methods, and lipase, trypsin, chymotrypsin and alkaline phosphatase by fluorometry. Read More

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December 2018
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