1,285 results match your criteria Journal of veterinary medical education[Journal]


The Financial Life of Aspiring Veterinarians.

J Vet Med Educ 2019 Apr 22:1-8. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

The stress of veterinary students ranges from the financial stress associated with high student loan debt combined with possible credit card debt, to relational stress due to lack of time to commit to social activities, to uncertainty regarding the ability to perform at the highest level. While this study considers a multifaceted approach to veterinary student stress and ultimate depressive symptoms, the focus is on the financial stress. A common strategy for reducing debt is to increase financial literacy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0218-017r1DOI Listing

Monitoring the Curriculum through the Student Perspective.

J Vet Med Educ 2019 Apr 22:1-16. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Student input was deliberately included as part of the curriculum implementation and assessment plan at the University of Minnesota College of Veterinary Medicine. The new curriculum included design features to encourage deeper learning such as a spiral curriculum with cross-course integration, increased open time, and more active learning. Student well-being was seen as a simultaneous need. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0418-038r1DOI Listing

Evaluation of a Human Virtual-Reality Endoscopy Trainer for Teaching Early Endoscopy Skills to Veterinarians.

J Vet Med Educ 2019 Apr 22:1-11. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Competency in flexible endoscopy is a major goal of small animal internal medicine residency training programs. Hands-on laboratories to teach entry-level skills have traditionally used anesthetized laboratory dogs (live dog laboratory [LDL]). Virtual-reality endoscopy trainers (VRET) are used for this purpose in human medicine with the clear benefits of avoiding live animal use, decreasing trainee stress, and allowing repeated, independent training sessions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0418-037rDOI Listing

Comparison of the Moral Sensitivity, Judgment, and Actions of Australian and Turkish Veterinary Students in Relation to Animal Ethics Issues.

J Vet Med Educ 2019 Apr 22:1-10. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Veterinarians regularly face animal ethics conflicts, and research has identified the moral reasoning methods that they utilize to solve these. It is unclear whether students' sensitivity to animal ethics conflicts influences their reasoning methods, and the recent development of appropriate tests allows this to be assessed. We compared the moral reasoning methods, intended action and sensitivity of 112 first-year veterinary students in two contrasting veterinary schools, in Australia and Turkey. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.1117-178r1DOI Listing

The Effect of Ovariohysterectomy Model Practice on Surgical Times for Final-Year Veterinary Students' First Live-Animal Ovariohysterectomies.

J Vet Med Educ 2019 Apr 22:1-12. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

This study evaluated whether one supervised simulated ovariohysterectomy (OVH) using a locally developed canine OVH model, decreased surgical time for final-year veterinary students' first live-animal OVH. We also investigated student perceptions of the model as a teaching aid. Final-year veterinary students were exposed to an OVH model (Group M, = 48) and compared to students without the exposure (Group C, = 58). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.1217-181r1DOI Listing

Early and Increased Training in Veterinary Radiology Increases Student Interest in the Specialty But May Provide Little Short-Term Gain in Radiology Knowledge.

J Vet Med Educ 2019 Apr 22:1-12. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

There is a lack of consensus among educators regarding the ideal structure of radiology training in veterinary medicine. Research in the medical field suggests that early integration has positive short- and long-term impacts on student interest in radiology. This study evaluated the effect of a new radiology course in the first year of the veterinary curriculum. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.1017-147r1DOI Listing

Veterinary Behavior: Assessment of Veterinarians' Training, Experience, and Comfort Level with Cases.

J Vet Med Educ 2019 Apr 22:1-12. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Studies of US animal shelters consistently indicate that behavior is often a major reason for relinquishment and, thereby, euthanasia of millions of dogs and cats annually. Even though this is an area in which veterinarians can intervene to support the human-animal bond, prior research has documented that they frequently do not bring the topic up during appointments. This study explored veterinarians' training in animal behavior and behavioral medicine, along with their level of comfort in treating common behavioral problems. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0318-035r1DOI Listing
April 2019
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Guidelines for Implementing a Low-Cost Volunteer Desexing Skills Training Program for Veterinary and Veterinary Technology Students.

J Vet Med Educ 2019 Apr 22:1-13. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Although desexing surgeries are considered a core clinical skill for small animal veterinary practice, it can be challenging for veterinary schools to provide students with adequate training opportunities in the traditional curriculum. At the Massey University School of Veterinary Science, we recently established an innovative extracurricular volunteer program designed to have students teaching other students how to perform different elements of desexing procedures as they progress through their degree. This program includes administrative and assistant roles for first-year students (responsible for client communication, patient restraint, and medical record keeping), physical exam and recovery roles for second-year students (responsible for assessing patient fitness for surgery, drawing up anesthetic drugs, and monitoring patients in recovery), anesthesia and neuter surgeon roles for third-year students (responsible for inducing, preparing, and monitoring spay patients and performing cat neuter surgeries), and spay surgeon roles for fourth- and fifth-year students (responsible for performing cat spay surgeries, discharging patients, and following up with clients to monitor recovery). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0418-047r1DOI Listing

Development and Validation of a Canine Castration Model and Rubric.

J Vet Med Educ 2019 Apr 22:1-13. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Veterinary educators use models to allow repetitive practice of surgical skills leading to clinical competence. Canine castration is a commonly performed procedure that is considered a Day One competency for a veterinarian. In this study, we sought to create and evaluate a canine pre-scrotal closed castration model and grading rubric using a validation framework of content evidence, internal structure evidence, and relationship with other variables. Read More

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https://jvme.utpjournals.press/doi/10.3138/jvme.1117-158r1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.1117-158r1DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Faculty's Perception of a Research Project Embedded in the Undergraduate Veterinary Curriculum.

J Vet Med Educ 2019 Apr 22:1-7. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

In this article, we describe faculty's perception of a research project embedded in the final year of the undergraduate veterinary curriculum and look at factors associated with overall perceptions of the project. We hypothesized that faculty would have a dichotomous attitude toward the research project, with faculty viewing it either positively or negatively, and that this opinion of the project would be largely influenced by the background of the faculty member-in particular, her or his role at the Royal Veterinary College. We explored this hypothesis via a questionnaire consisting of 26 questions in categorical format, Likert-scale format, and ranking format. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0318-028r1DOI Listing

Tracking Veterinary Students Who Aspire to Careers in Science.

J Vet Med Educ 2019 Mar 28:1-6. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

The Cornell Leadership Program for Veterinary Students is an intensive 10-week learning experience intended to guide competitively selected scholars into careers in science and public health. It features independent research, vocational counseling, and student-directed learning modules. Program scholars are encouraged to objectively evaluate graduate training as preparation for careers promoted by the program. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0118-010r1DOI Listing

Using Creativity as an Educational Tool in Veterinary Surgery: Students' Perceptions and Surgical Performance.

J Vet Med Educ 2019 Mar 28:1-9. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

With the aim of improving students' ability to handle the complexity of surgery, we introduced a creative assignment in a veterinary surgical course. We hypothesized that by using this active, inductive educational method, reflection, creativity and self-efficacy in student novice surgeons could be improved. During a companion animal surgical course an intervention group was investigated against a control group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.1117-175r1DOI Listing

Is a Picture Worth a Thousand Words? Evaluating the Design of Instructional Animations in Veterinary Education.

J Vet Med Educ 2019 Mar 28:1-9. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Empirical evidence demonstrates that student learning outcomes improve when animations are developed in alignment with the design principles of the cognitive theory of multimedia learning (CTML). The extent to which these principles are used in the design of veterinary instructional animations is unknown. In this study, we reviewed the veterinary education literature for articles that discussed specific veterinary medical animations as learning resources. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0118-002rDOI Listing

Use of a Versatile, Inexpensive Ophthalmoscopy Teaching Model in Veterinary Medical Student Education Increases Ophthalmoscopy Proficiency.

J Vet Med Educ 2019 Mar 28:1-5. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Ophthalmoscopy is an important examination technique in the diagnosis of disease. Although it is difficult to learn, practice increases confidence and proficiency. Practicing ophthalmoscopy on live animals presents an additional level of complexity, so we sought to evaluate how students would respond to practicing ophthalmoscopy on an ocular fundus model. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.1117-157rDOI Listing

Lessons Learned from a Pilot Study Implementing a Team-Based Messaging Application (Slack) to Improve Communication and Teamwork in Veterinary Medical Education.

J Vet Med Educ 2019 Mar 28:1-9. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Communication skills are paramount for a successful veterinary curriculum. Technological advances have improved communication processes, and the way instruction is delivered. Yet, with these advances come challenges such as email overload, increased interruptions, and miscommunications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0717-091r2DOI Listing

Use of Contextualized Standardized Client Simulation to Develop Clinical Reasoning in Final-Year Veterinary Students.

J Vet Med Educ 2019 Mar 28:1-13. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Clinical reasoning is an important skill for veterinary students to develop before graduation. Simulation has been studied in medical education as a method for developing clinical reasoning in students, but evidence supporting it is limited. This study involved the creation of a contextualized, standardized client simulation session that aimed to improve the clinical reasoning ability and confidence of final-year veterinary students. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0917-132r1DOI Listing

Teaching Cultural Humility and Implicit Bias to Veterinary Medical Students: A Review and Recommendation for Best Practices.

J Vet Med Educ 2019 Mar 28:1-6. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Cultural humility, with its concomitant understanding of the importance of the influences of diversity and inclusion, improves health outcomes in the human medical field. Recent changes to the American Veterinary Medical Association Council on Education requirements in veterinary medicine include teaching the impact of implicit bias on the delivery of veterinary medical services. Because overt enhancement of self-awareness is not fodder for traditional veterinary medical education delivery systems, in this article we review existing literature on the impact of recognition of implicit bias on health care and offer insights on ways to help veterinary students learn this skill, drawing on evidence from an inter-professional intervention called WisCARES (Wisconsin Companion Animal Resources, Education, and Social Services). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.1117-173r1DOI Listing

Mental Health Stigma and Veterinary Medical Students' Attitudes Toward Seeking Professional Psychological Help.

J Vet Med Educ 2019 Mar 28:1-11. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Veterinary medical students may be at increased risk for a variety of mental health problems. However, research with student samples suggests that students in distress may not seek professional help, even when mental health services are available. The purpose of this study was to explore veterinary students' willingness to seek mental health services for several common presenting concerns, as well as their perceptions of their peers' willingness to seek help for the same concerns. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.1217-185rDOI Listing

Inter-Rater Reliability of Grading Undergraduate Portfolios in Veterinary Medical Education.

J Vet Med Educ 2019 Mar 28:1-8. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Centre for Quality Improvement in Veterinary Education, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, 3508 TC Utrecht University, Utrecht, the Netherlands.

The reliability of high-stakes assessment of portfolios containing an aggregation of quantitative and qualitative data based on programmatic assessment is under debate, especially when multiple assessors are involved. In this study carried out at the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, the Netherlands, two independent assessors graded the portfolios of students in their second year of the 3-year clinical phase. The similarity of grades (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0917-128r1DOI Listing

Peer-Led Academic Support for Pre-Arrival Students of the BVM&S Degree Program.

J Vet Med Educ 2019 Feb 26:1-8. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Mental health challenges are of growing concern to the veterinary community. Within veterinary education, there has been increasing focus on building resilience in students and identifying likely stressors, such as the transition into the veterinary curriculum for first-year students. In this study, we evaluated a peer-led project to provide pre-arrival materials to incoming students. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.1017-149rDOI Listing
February 2019

Evaluation of a First-Year Veterinary Surgical Skills Laboratory: A Retrospective Review.

J Vet Med Educ 2019 Feb 26:1-6. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

A retrospective review of the first-year surgical skills competency-based assessment was performed at the Western College of Veterinary Medicine (WCVM) using 6 years of data from 475 students. The cumulative pass rate was 88.2% on first attempt and 99. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.1017-143r1DOI Listing
February 2019
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AAVMC Internship Program Guidelines 2018.

J Vet Med Educ 2019 Feb 26:1-6. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Veterinary internships are common 1-year post-graduate clinical training programs that are offered both at veterinary colleges and in private practice settings. To promote the quality of these training programs, the American Association of Veterinary Medical Colleges (AAVMC) charged a working group to develop these internship guidelines, which were approved by the AAVMC in 2018 and have also been endorsed by the American Association of Veterinary Clinicians. These guidelines are intended to be applicable to all internships, in both academic and private practice settings, and they place particular emphasis on three aspects of internship training programs: competency-based education, intern well-being, and program outcome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0718-082rDOI Listing
February 2019

Mental Health Experiences and Service Use Among Veterinary Medical Students.

J Vet Med Educ 2019 Feb 26:1-10. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

The mental health and wellness of veterinary students is an important contemporary focus of scholarship. Yet, to date, little empirical work has investigated mental health experiences and rates of mental health service use in large samples of veterinary students from multiple institutions. The purpose of this study was to explore the prevalence of mental health concerns among veterinary medical students, as well as rates of mental health service utilization, using validated measures and a large sample. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.1017-145r1DOI Listing
February 2019

Using a Standardized Client Encounter to Practice Death Notification after the Unexpected Death of a Feline Patient Following Routine Ovariohysterectomy.

Authors:
Ryane E Englar

J Vet Med Educ 2019 Feb 26:1-17. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Death notification is an important skill for health care providers to carry out, yet few clinicians feel adequately prepared to complete this task. To address these gaps in clinical training, some medical educators have incorporated standardized patients (SPs) into the curriculum to allow students to practice death notification in a safe, controlled environment. Veterinary educators agree that end-of-life communication skills are essential for success in clinical practice, and many rely on standardized clients (SCs) for role-play concerning euthanasia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0817-111r1DOI Listing
February 2019

Does Studying Veterinary Medicine Improve Students' Haptic Perception Ability? A Pilot Study With Two Age-Groups.

J Vet Med Educ 2019 Feb 26:1-7. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Haptic perception is an important tool for veterinarians. The present study analyzed the association between the haptic perception threshold of veterinary students and their palpatory experience. To approach this goal, 35 female students of veterinary medicine were divided into two groups with different levels of experience: (a) students with little practical experience, at the beginning of their studies (first year), and (b) students close to the end of their theoretical training (fourth year). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0417-051rDOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Gender Imbalance in Authorship of Veterinary Literature: 1995 versus 2015.

J Vet Med Educ 2019 Feb 26:1-9. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Despite increasing representation of women in veterinary medicine, gender differences persist in pay and attainment of senior and leadership positions. In academia, scholarly publication is a measure of productivity and is emphasized in the promotion process. This study aimed to analyze gender differences in the authorship of veterinary research articles to understand factors that could influence women's advancement and standing in academic medicine. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.1017-141rDOI Listing
February 2019
0.875 Impact Factor

Understanding Non-Technical Competencies: Compassion and Communication among Fourth-Year Veterinarians-in-Training.

J Vet Med Educ 2019 Feb 26:1-12. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Over the past several decades, non-technical competencies have been given an increasing amount of emphasis in veterinary medical training. However, additional research is needed to continue understanding the role that non-technical competencies play in veterinary success and wellness. An inter-related pair of non-technical competencies that needs further empirical investigation is communication and the influence of compassion on veterinarians. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0917-131r1DOI Listing
February 2019

Response to Iatridou et al, "Mapping the Teaching of Laboratory Animal Science and Medicine in the European Union and European Free Trade Area".

J Vet Med Educ Spring 2019;46(1). Epub 2018 Dec 19.

ESLAV Board, Zealand Pharma A/S, Copenhagen, Denmark.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0818-095DOI Listing
December 2018

The Educational Resource Preferences and Information-Seeking Behaviors of Veterinary Medical Students and Practitioners.

J Vet Med Educ 2019 Feb 21:1-XX. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

The overall purpose of this study was to assess the information-seeking strategies of individuals representing different stages of veterinary training. More specifically, we conducted a survey to evaluate textbook ownership, to determine the preferred types of educational resources and why these preferences exist, and to determine if changes arise as training progresses. We asked students in the veterinary curriculum, interns, residents, and recent graduates from the University of Georgia (UGA) College of Veterinary Medicine (CVM) to participate in a confidential online survey. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.1017-150r1DOI Listing
February 2019

Student Experiences in Practice-Based Small Animal Clerkships.

J Vet Med Educ 2019 Feb 5:1-7. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Practice-based clerkships provide a way for students to experience the types of cases, clients, and procedures that they can expect to see in a general practice setting. These clerkships are typically quite different from those offered in teaching hospitals. Forty-seven (65. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0917-134rDOI Listing
February 2019

Virtual Oncology Clinic.

J Vet Med Educ 2019 Feb 5:1-5. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Due to limitations in traditional approaches to didactic and clinical learning, professional veterinary medical students face challenges in developing skills and competencies related to clinical practice. The Veterinary Information Network's (VIN) Virtual Clinic (VVC) aims to support learning by using gaming techniques to simulate clinical case management in a low-risk setting. The VVC lets students explore medical scenarios inside a virtual hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0817-107rDOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

The Effect of Graphic Organizers on Learning Outcomes, Study Efficiency, and Student Satisfaction in an Elective Veterinary Cardiology Course.

J Vet Med Educ 2019 Jan 31:1-14. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Graphic organizers (GOs) are visual and spatial displays, such as tables or charts, which facilitate learning by making conceptual relationships between content more apparent. We hypothesized that study aids in the form of GOs would lead to improved learning outcomes, study efficiency, and student satisfaction compared to traditional outline (OUT) format. A mixed-methods prospective randomized crossover trial was undertaken with veterinary students (n = 31) in an elective cardiology course. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0817-116r1DOI Listing
January 2019

Effect of Short- Versus Long-Term Video Game Playing on Basic Laparoscopic Skills Acquisition of Veterinary Medicine Students.

J Vet Med Educ 2018 Dec 19:1-11. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of playing video games on the performance of basic laparoscopic skills. The study was an experimental pre-test-post-test comparison group design. Fifty-two students (31 from the Western University of Health Sciences College of Veterinary Medicine and 21 from the Colorado State University College of Veterinary Medicine) completing their first or second year of the veterinary curriculum were randomized into two intervention groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0617-077r2DOI Listing
December 2018

Predictive Value of Three Different Selection Methods for Admission of Motivated and Well-Performing Veterinary Medical Students.

J Vet Med Educ 2018 Dec 19:1-12. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

uality Improvement of Veterinary Education, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, Yalelaan 1 (Room C 136), 3584 CL UTRECHT, The Netherlands.

In search for valid and reliable selection methods that predict applicants' study motivation and academic performance during the 3-year bachelor's program at the Dutch Faculty of Veterinary Medicine (FVM), this study aimed to (1) examine the predictive value of the three FVM selection methods for study motivation and academic performance (i.e., direct admission and weighted lottery based on secondary school grade point average [GPA], and selection based on non-cognitive criteria), and (2) examine whether type and level of study motivation could be of value regarding selection of well-performing students. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0417-050r1DOI Listing
December 2018

Current Policies and Support Services for Pregnant and Parenting Veterinary Medical Students and House Officers at United States Veterinary Medical Training Institutions.

J Vet Med Educ 2018 Dec 19:1-8. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Wellness and work-life balance are prominent concerns in the veterinary profession and data suggest that personal relationship-building with peers and family assist veterinary trainees and veterinarians with wellness. The demographics of veterinary medical trainees (students, interns, and residents) have shifted to a female-dominated cohort and veterinary training overlaps with peak reproductive age for the majority of trainees. Despite a robust body of literature in the human medical profession surrounding pregnancy, parenting, and family planning (PPFP) among human medical students, interns, and residents, no comparable data exist within the United States veterinary medical community. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0917-119rDOI Listing
December 2018

The Veterinary Identity: A Time and Context Model.

J Vet Med Educ 2018 Dec 19:1-10. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

The nature of professionalism teaching is a current issue in veterinary education, with an individual's identity as a professional having implications for one's values and behaviors, as well as for his or her career satisfaction and psychological well-being. An appropriately formed professional identity imparts competence in making complex decisions-those that involve multiple perspectives and are complicated by contextual challenges. It enables an individual to act in a way that aligns with his or her professional values and priorities, and imparts resilience to situations in which one's actions are dissonant to these personal beliefs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0517-067r1DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

The Development of Entrustable Professional Activities for Competency-Based Veterinary Education in Farm Animal Health.

J Vet Med Educ 2018 Dec 19:1-7. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Entrustable professional activities (EPAs) are professional tasks that can be entrusted to a student under a given level of supervision once he or she has demonstrated competence in these tasks. The EPA construct was conceived to increase transparency in objectives for clinical workplace learning and to help ensure patient safety and the quality of care. A first step in implementing EPAs in a veterinary curriculum is to identify the core EPAs of the profession. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0617-073rDOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Response to Iatridou et al, "Mapping the Teaching of Laboratory Animal Science and Medicine in the European Union and European Free Trade Area".

J Vet Med Educ Spring 2019;46(1):1-2. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Erasmus Laboratory Animal Science Center, EDC Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. Email: .

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0818-092DOI Listing
December 2018

A Randomized Trial Comparing Freely Moving and Zonal Instruction of Veterinary Surgical Skills Using Ovariohysterectomy Models.

J Vet Med Educ 2018 Dec 19:1-10. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Timely, specific feedback is the most important feature of simulation-based training, but providing adequate instructor supervision is challenging. Students' ( n = 76) surgical skills were assessed after training using either the traditional (T) method of large-group teaching by multiple instructors or the alternative method of one instructor assigned (A) to a defined group of students. Instructors rotated to a different group of students for each laboratory session. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0817-009rDOI Listing
December 2018

Turkish Undergraduate Veterinary Students' Attitudes to Use of Animals and Other Teaching Alternatives for Learning Anatomy.

J Vet Med Educ Spring 2019;46(1):116-127. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Department of Primary School Education in Ziya Gökalp Education Faculty, Dicle University, Diyarbakır, Turkey. E-mail: .

This study aimed to investigate the views of first-year veterinary students in Turkey from six veterinary faculties on their anatomy courses and to evaluate their perceptions of the uses of animals and other teaching alternatives from an ethical perspective. The study sample included a total of 293 veterinary students studying in the provinces of Ankara, Burdur, Diyarbakır, Kars, Konya, and Tekirdağ. The 38-item instrument tool developed by the researchers consisted of three sections and was administered to volunteer student participants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0217-032r1DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

Mucous Membrane Color Assessment Variability of Veterinary Students Using Either Colorimetric or Word-Based Scales.

J Vet Med Educ Spring 2019;46(1):77-80. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Department of Clinical Sciences, Mississippi State University, College of Veterinary Medicine, Mississippi State, MS 39762 USA.

A colorimetric scale has the potential to be very useful as a training tool for students in veterinary training programs. The authors of this report hypothesized that clinically active, graduate level veterinary students would assess mucous membrane color with greater consistency using an image-based system than with traditional word-based techniques. Third- and fourth-year veterinary students were asked to evaluate 10 canine gingival mucosa images and rate them with either an image-based scale designed by the authors or a word-based system. Read More

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https://jvme.utpjournals.press/doi/10.3138/jvme.0317-042
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0317-042DOI Listing
November 2018
12 Reads

Use of Three-Dimensional Printing Models for Veterinary Medical Education: Impact on Learning How to Identify Canine Vertebral Fractures.

J Vet Med Educ 2018 Nov 12:1-10. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Vertebral fractures and luxations are common causes of neurological emergencies in small-animal patients. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of three-dimensional printing (3Dp) models on how veterinary students understand and learn to identify canine spinal fractures and to compare 3Dp models to computed tomography (CT) images and three-dimensional CT (3D-CT) reconstructions. Three spinal fracture models were generated by 3Dp. Read More

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https://jvme.utpjournals.press/doi/10.3138/jvme.0817-109r
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0817-109rDOI Listing
November 2018
13 Reads

Challenges and Issues Surrounding Promotion and Tenure of Faculty with Clinical Service Responsibilities in Veterinary Medicine.

J Vet Med Educ 2018 Nov 12:1-9. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Mentoring, assessing, and rewarding faculty who have clinical service responsibilities with promotion and tenure can be challenging in many respects. Clinical service responsibilities can limit the time that faculty have available to participate in scholarly activities, especially if the scholarship required for promotion is restricted to traditional research efforts where an individual faculty member is assessed in terms of the number of scientific publications in high-tiered journals with senior authorship and the amount of extramural funding garnered. Even if other forms of scholarship are recognized, metrics used to evaluate research efforts are often inappropriately applied to other scholarly activities. Read More

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https://jvme.utpjournals.press/doi/10.3138/jvme.0717-090r1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0717-090r1DOI Listing
November 2018
14 Reads

Innovative, Simple Models for Teaching Neuroanatomy Using the Elnady Technique.

Authors:
Fawzy A Elnady

J Vet Med Educ 2018 Nov 12:1-4. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Plastination is a valuable tool for the teaching of neuroanatomy. However, the high cost of the process and the complexity of sheet plastination for brain slices remains a challenge. This article describes an innovative, simple, and inexpensive method, called the Elnady Technique, to develop brain slices of various domestic animals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0717-092r1DOI Listing
November 2018
12 Reads

Twitter in the Veterinary Diagnostic Imaging Classroom: Examination Outcomes and Student Views.

J Vet Med Educ Spring 2019;46(1):91-96. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, University of Minnesota College of Veterinary Medicine, 1365 Gortner Avenue, St. Paul, MN 55108 USA. Email: .

Radiographic lesion identification and differential diagnosis list generation can be difficult for veterinary students; thus, a novel means of distributing cases for study could improve students' engagement and learning. The goal of this study was to determine whether using Twitter as an adjunct means of studying diagnostic imaging would improve student outcomes on the final exam for a radiology course. A secondary goal was to determine students' preferred means of accessing additional cases for study. Read More

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https://jvme.utpjournals.press/doi/10.3138/jvme.0517-069r
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0517-069rDOI Listing
November 2018
11 Reads

Exploring the Effects of Participation in a Shelter Medicine Externship on Student Knowledge and Self-Confidence.

J Vet Med Educ Spring 2019;46(1):4-13. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Western University of Health Sciences College of Veterinary Medicine 309 E. Second Street, Pomona, CA 91766 USA.

With the recognition of shelter medicine as a sub-discipline of veterinary medicine, many veterinary programs are including clinical shelter experiences in their curricula. A concurrent mixed-methods study was designed with the aim to determine the effectiveness of a 4-week clinical shelter medicine program on students' perception of canine and feline surgical proficiency and shelter medicine knowledge as well as gain information on student attitudes toward shelter medicine and interest in pursuing this career path. Year 4 veterinary students at Western University of Health Sciences who were enrolled in a shelter medicine externship from 2014 to 2016 were invited to complete pre- and post-course online surveys. Read More

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https://jvme.utpjournals.press/doi/10.3138/jvme.0417-056r
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0417-056rDOI Listing
November 2018
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Australian and New Zealand Veterinary Students' Opinions on Animal Welfare and Ethical Issues Concerning Animal Use within Sport, Recreation, and Display.

J Vet Med Educ 2018 Nov 12:1-9. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Animals used for sport, recreation and display are highly visible and can divide community attitudes. The study of animal welfare and ethics (AWE) as part of veterinary education is important because it is the responsibility of veterinarians to use their scientific knowledge and skills to promote animal welfare in the context of community expectations. To explore the attitudes of veterinary students in Australia and New Zealand to AWE, a survey of the current cohort was undertaken. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0717-086rDOI Listing
November 2018
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Impact of Team Communication Training on Performance and Self-Assessment of Team Functioning during Sophomore Surgery.

J Vet Med Educ Spring 2019;46(1):45-55. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Department of Clinical Sciences, and Professor, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University, 1060 William Moore Drive, Raleigh, NC 27607 USA. Email: .

Collaboration and teamwork are important skills for veterinary professionals that affect relationship development, health and well-being, financial success, and clinical outcomes. This study explores the impact of team communication training on performance and assessment of team functioning during second-year surgery by comparing two different classes. The class of 2017 (control group) received no formal training in team communication before their participation in surgery, and the class of 2018 (treatment group) participated in training offered through a dedicated team communication course. Read More

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https://jvme.utpjournals.press/doi/10.3138/jvme.0317-046r1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0317-046r1DOI Listing
November 2018
11 Reads

One Health-One Education: Medical and Veterinary Inter-Professional Training.

J Vet Med Educ Spring 2019;46(1):14-20. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

School of Veterinary Medicine, William R. Pritchard Veterinary Medicine Teaching Hospital, University of California at Davis, Davis, CA 95616 USA.

Physicians and veterinarians are increasingly expected to collaborate across disciplines; however, in most cases their education and training remain isolated within their respective professions. Medical and veterinary students are rarely provided with opportunities for inter-professional learning during their coursework and clinical training. One Health serves as an ideal framework for developing problem-focused curricula that promote inter-professional teamwork. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.1116-171rDOI Listing
November 2018
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Construction of the Equine Digestive System: A Tool for Teaching Topographical Anatomy.

J Vet Med Educ Spring 2019;46(1):108-115. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

School of Veterinary Medicine, FMU University, Rue Gal. Bagnuolo, No. 1026, apartomento 08, CEP 02152-130, São Paulo, Brazil. Email: .

Anatomy is traditionally regarded as a difficult, non-motivating course involving a large body of theoretical and practical content, and it is often associated with high levels of dropout and failure. Given the relevance of the topic, we propose an alternative active multisensory teaching tool consisting of the construction of a low-fidelity anatomical model assembled into an articulated equine skeleton. Model construction and assembly assists students in the recognition of the topography and anatomical boundaries of the equine abdominal digestive system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0317-043rDOI Listing
November 2018
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