1,257 results match your criteria Journal of veterinary medical education[Journal]


The Educational Resource Preferences and Information-Seeking Behaviors of Veterinary Medical Students and Practitioners.

J Vet Med Educ 2019 Feb 21:1-XX. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

The overall purpose of this study was to assess the information-seeking strategies of individuals representing different stages of veterinary training. More specifically, we conducted a survey to evaluate textbook ownership, to determine the preferred types of educational resources and why these preferences exist, and to determine if changes arise as training progresses. We asked students in the veterinary curriculum, interns, residents, and recent graduates from the University of Georgia (UGA) College of Veterinary Medicine (CVM) to participate in a confidential online survey. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.1017-150r1DOI Listing
February 2019

Student Experiences in Practice-Based Small Animal Clerkships.

J Vet Med Educ 2019 Feb 5:1-7. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Practice-based clerkships provide a way for students to experience the types of cases, clients, and procedures that they can expect to see in a general practice setting. These clerkships are typically quite different from those offered in teaching hospitals. Forty-seven (65. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0917-134rDOI Listing
February 2019

Virtual Oncology Clinic.

J Vet Med Educ 2019 Feb 5:1-5. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Due to limitations in traditional approaches to didactic and clinical learning, professional veterinary medical students face challenges in developing skills and competencies related to clinical practice. The Veterinary Information Network's (VIN) Virtual Clinic (VVC) aims to support learning by using gaming techniques to simulate clinical case management in a low-risk setting. The VVC lets students explore medical scenarios inside a virtual hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0817-107rDOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

The Effect of Graphic Organizers on Learning Outcomes, Study Efficiency, and Student Satisfaction in an Elective Veterinary Cardiology Course.

J Vet Med Educ 2019 Jan 31:1-14. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Graphic organizers (GOs) are visual and spatial displays, such as tables or charts, which facilitate learning by making conceptual relationships between content more apparent. We hypothesized that study aids in the form of GOs would lead to improved learning outcomes, study efficiency, and student satisfaction compared to traditional outline (OUT) format. A mixed-methods prospective randomized crossover trial was undertaken with veterinary students (n = 31) in an elective cardiology course. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0817-116r1DOI Listing
January 2019

Effect of Short- Versus Long-Term Video Game Playing on Basic Laparoscopic Skills Acquisition of Veterinary Medicine Students.

J Vet Med Educ 2018 Dec 19:1-11. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of playing video games on the performance of basic laparoscopic skills. The study was an experimental pre-test-post-test comparison group design. Fifty-two students (31 from the Western University of Health Sciences College of Veterinary Medicine and 21 from the Colorado State University College of Veterinary Medicine) completing their first or second year of the veterinary curriculum were randomized into two intervention groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0617-077r2DOI Listing
December 2018

Predictive Value of Three Different Selection Methods for Admission of Motivated and Well-Performing Veterinary Medical Students.

J Vet Med Educ 2018 Dec 19:1-12. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

uality Improvement of Veterinary Education, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, Yalelaan 1 (Room C 136), 3584 CL UTRECHT, The Netherlands.

In search for valid and reliable selection methods that predict applicants' study motivation and academic performance during the 3-year bachelor's program at the Dutch Faculty of Veterinary Medicine (FVM), this study aimed to (1) examine the predictive value of the three FVM selection methods for study motivation and academic performance (i.e., direct admission and weighted lottery based on secondary school grade point average [GPA], and selection based on non-cognitive criteria), and (2) examine whether type and level of study motivation could be of value regarding selection of well-performing students. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0417-050r1DOI Listing
December 2018

Current Policies and Support Services for Pregnant and Parenting Veterinary Medical Students and House Officers at United States Veterinary Medical Training Institutions.

J Vet Med Educ 2018 Dec 19:1-8. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Wellness and work-life balance are prominent concerns in the veterinary profession and data suggest that personal relationship-building with peers and family assist veterinary trainees and veterinarians with wellness. The demographics of veterinary medical trainees (students, interns, and residents) have shifted to a female-dominated cohort and veterinary training overlaps with peak reproductive age for the majority of trainees. Despite a robust body of literature in the human medical profession surrounding pregnancy, parenting, and family planning (PPFP) among human medical students, interns, and residents, no comparable data exist within the United States veterinary medical community. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0917-119rDOI Listing
December 2018

The Veterinary Identity: A Time and Context Model.

J Vet Med Educ 2018 Dec 19:1-10. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

The nature of professionalism teaching is a current issue in veterinary education, with an individual's identity as a professional having implications for one's values and behaviors, as well as for his or her career satisfaction and psychological well-being. An appropriately formed professional identity imparts competence in making complex decisions-those that involve multiple perspectives and are complicated by contextual challenges. It enables an individual to act in a way that aligns with his or her professional values and priorities, and imparts resilience to situations in which one's actions are dissonant to these personal beliefs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0517-067r1DOI Listing
December 2018

The Development of Entrustable Professional Activities for Competency-Based Veterinary Education in Farm Animal Health.

J Vet Med Educ 2018 Dec 19:1-7. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Entrustable professional activities (EPAs) are professional tasks that can be entrusted to a student under a given level of supervision once he or she has demonstrated competence in these tasks. The EPA construct was conceived to increase transparency in objectives for clinical workplace learning and to help ensure patient safety and the quality of care. A first step in implementing EPAs in a veterinary curriculum is to identify the core EPAs of the profession. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0617-073rDOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Letter to the Editor.

J Vet Med Educ 2018 Dec 19. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0818-092DOI Listing
December 2018

A Randomized Trial Comparing Freely Moving and Zonal Instruction of Veterinary Surgical Skills Using Ovariohysterectomy Models.

J Vet Med Educ 2018 Dec 19:1-10. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Timely, specific feedback is the most important feature of simulation-based training, but providing adequate instructor supervision is challenging. Students' ( n = 76) surgical skills were assessed after training using either the traditional (T) method of large-group teaching by multiple instructors or the alternative method of one instructor assigned (A) to a defined group of students. Instructors rotated to a different group of students for each laboratory session. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0817-009rDOI Listing
December 2018

Turkish Undergraduate Veterinary Students' Attitudes to Use of Animals and Other Teaching Alternatives for Learning Anatomy.

J Vet Med Educ 2018 Nov 12:1-12. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

This study aimed to investigate the views of first-year veterinary students in Turkey from six veterinary faculties on their anatomy courses and to evaluate their perceptions of the uses of animals and other teaching alternatives from an ethical perspective. The study sample included a total of 293 veterinary students studying in the provinces of Ankara, Burdur, Diyarbakır, Kars, Konya, and Tekirdağ. The 38-item instrument tool developed by the researchers consisted of three sections and was administered to volunteer student participants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0217-032r1DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Mucous Membrane Color Assessment Variability of Veterinary Students Using Either Colorimetric or Word-Based Scales.

J Vet Med Educ 2018 Nov 12:1-4. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

A colorimetric scale has the potential to be very useful as a training tool for students in veterinary training programs. The authors of this report hypothesized that clinically active, graduate level veterinary students would assess mucous membrane color with greater consistency using an image-based system than with traditional word-based techniques. Third- and fourth-year veterinary students were asked to evaluate 10 canine gingival mucosa images and rate them with either an image-based scale designed by the authors or a word-based system. Read More

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https://jvme.utpjournals.press/doi/10.3138/jvme.0317-042
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0317-042DOI Listing
November 2018
7 Reads

Use of Three-Dimensional Printing Models for Veterinary Medical Education: Impact on Learning How to Identify Canine Vertebral Fractures.

J Vet Med Educ 2018 Nov 12:1-10. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Vertebral fractures and luxations are common causes of neurological emergencies in small-animal patients. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of three-dimensional printing (3Dp) models on how veterinary students understand and learn to identify canine spinal fractures and to compare 3Dp models to computed tomography (CT) images and three-dimensional CT (3D-CT) reconstructions. Three spinal fracture models were generated by 3Dp. Read More

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https://jvme.utpjournals.press/doi/10.3138/jvme.0817-109r
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0817-109rDOI Listing
November 2018
9 Reads

Challenges and Issues Surrounding Promotion and Tenure of Faculty with Clinical Service Responsibilities in Veterinary Medicine.

J Vet Med Educ 2018 Nov 12:1-9. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Mentoring, assessing, and rewarding faculty who have clinical service responsibilities with promotion and tenure can be challenging in many respects. Clinical service responsibilities can limit the time that faculty have available to participate in scholarly activities, especially if the scholarship required for promotion is restricted to traditional research efforts where an individual faculty member is assessed in terms of the number of scientific publications in high-tiered journals with senior authorship and the amount of extramural funding garnered. Even if other forms of scholarship are recognized, metrics used to evaluate research efforts are often inappropriately applied to other scholarly activities. Read More

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https://jvme.utpjournals.press/doi/10.3138/jvme.0717-090r1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0717-090r1DOI Listing
November 2018
9 Reads

Innovative, Simple Models for Teaching Neuroanatomy Using the Elnady Technique.

Authors:
Fawzy A Elnady

J Vet Med Educ 2018 Nov 12:1-4. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Plastination is a valuable tool for the teaching of neuroanatomy. However, the high cost of the process and the complexity of sheet plastination for brain slices remains a challenge. This article describes an innovative, simple, and inexpensive method, called the Elnady Technique, to develop brain slices of various domestic animals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0717-092r1DOI Listing
November 2018
9 Reads

Twitter in the Veterinary Diagnostic Imaging Classroom: Examination Outcomes and Student Views.

J Vet Med Educ 2018 Nov 12:1-6. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Radiographic lesion identification and differential diagnosis list generation can be difficult for veterinary students; thus, a novel means of distributing cases for study could improve students' engagement and learning. The goal of this study was to determine whether using Twitter as an adjunct means of studying diagnostic imaging would improve student outcomes on the final exam for a radiology course. A secondary goal was to determine students' preferred means of accessing additional cases for study. Read More

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https://jvme.utpjournals.press/doi/10.3138/jvme.0517-069r
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0517-069rDOI Listing
November 2018
8 Reads

Exploring the Effects of Participation in a Shelter Medicine Externship on Student Knowledge and Self-Confidence.

J Vet Med Educ 2018 Nov 12:1-10. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

With the recognition of shelter medicine as sub-discipline of veterinary medicine, many veterinary programs are including clinical shelter experiences in their curricula. A concurrent mixed-methods study was designed with the aim to determine the effectiveness of a 4-week clinical shelter medicine program on students' perception of canine and feline surgical proficiency and shelter medicine knowledge as well as gain information on student attitudes toward shelter medicine and interest in pursuing this career path. Year 4 veterinary students at Western University of Health Sciences who were enrolled in a shelter medicine externship from 2014 to 2016 were invited to complete pre- and post-course online surveys. Read More

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https://jvme.utpjournals.press/doi/10.3138/jvme.0417-056r
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0417-056rDOI Listing
November 2018
6 Reads

Australian and New Zealand Veterinary Students' Opinions on Animal Welfare and Ethical Issues Concerning Animal Use within Sport, Recreation, and Display.

J Vet Med Educ 2018 Nov 12:1-9. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Animals used for sport, recreation and display are highly visible and can divide community attitudes. The study of animal welfare and ethics (AWE) as part of veterinary education is important because it is the responsibility of veterinarians to use their scientific knowledge and skills to promote animal welfare in the context of community expectations. To explore the attitudes of veterinary students in Australia and New Zealand to AWE, a survey of the current cohort was undertaken. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0717-086rDOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Impact of Team Communication Training on Performance and Self-Assessment of Team Functioning during Sophomore Surgery.

J Vet Med Educ 2018 Nov 12:1-11. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Collaboration and teamwork are important skills for veterinary professionals that affect relationship development, health and well-being, financial success, and clinical outcomes. This study explores the impact of team communication training on performance and assessment of team functioning during second-year surgery by comparing two different classes. The class of 2017 (control group) received no formal training in team communication before their participation in surgery, and the class of 2018 (treatment group) participated in training offered through a dedicated team communication course. Read More

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https://jvme.utpjournals.press/doi/10.3138/jvme.0317-046r1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0317-046r1DOI Listing
November 2018
6 Reads

One Health-One Education: Medical and Veterinary Inter-Professional Training.

J Vet Med Educ 2018 Nov 12:1-7. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Physicians and veterinarians are increasingly expected to collaborate across disciplines; however, in most cases their education and training remain isolated within their respective professions. Medical and veterinary students are rarely provided with opportunities for inter-professional learning during their coursework and clinical training. One Health serves as an ideal framework for developing problem-focused curricula that promote inter-professional teamwork. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.1116-171rDOI Listing
November 2018

Construction of the Equine Digestive System: A Tool for Teaching Topographical Anatomy.

J Vet Med Educ 2018 Nov 12:1-8. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Anatomy is traditionally regarded as a difficult, non-motivating course involving a large body of theoretical and practical content, and it is often associated with high levels of dropout and failure. Given the relevance of the topic, we propose an alternative active multisensory teaching tool consisting of the construction of a low-fidelity anatomical model assembled into an articulated equine skeleton. Model construction and assembly assists students in the recognition of the topography and anatomical boundaries of the equine abdominal digestive system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0317-043rDOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Flipped Classroom Use in Veterinary Education: A Multinational Survey of Faculty Experiences.

J Vet Med Educ 2018 Nov 12:1-11. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Active teaching approaches such as the flipped classroom are linked to better quality student learning outcomes across healthcare disciplines, with the potential to support students' preparedness for practice. In the flipped classroom instructional approach, students engage in significant pre-class preparation to learn foundational knowledge and skills, then undertake instructional activities in the classroom which require them to integrate, apply and extend their learning to new contexts. This study reports the results of a multinational survey of flipped classroom use in veterinary education. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0517-058r1DOI Listing
November 2018

The One Health Leadership Experience at the University of Saskatchewan, Canada.

J Vet Med Educ 2018 Nov 12:1-12. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Competency in One Health (OH) leadership was emphasized in the Roadmap for Veterinary Medical Education in the 21st Century in 2011. Since then, several educational interventions have been aimed at increasing awareness and capacity for inter-professional collaboration. At the University of Saskatchewan, Canada, a 3-day event, the One Health Leadership Experience (OHLE), was initiated in 2012 and continues to the present. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0617-082rDOI Listing
November 2018

Qualitative pilot study of veterinarians' perceptions of and experiences with counseling about dog walking in companion-animal practice in southern Ontario.

J Vet Med Educ 2018 Oct 4:1-12. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

Dog wal king is beneficial to dogs and their owners, and it supports One Health, an initiative devoted to improving the health of animals and humans. Despite the benefits of dog walking, many dogs and their owners are not engaging in adequate dog-walking exercise. One way to encourage dog walking is for veterinarians to counsel owners on dog walking during veterinary appointments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0117-011r1DOI Listing
October 2018
17 Reads

Exploring the Social Determinants of Animal Health.

J Vet Med Educ 2018 Oct 4:1-11. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

An understanding of the One Health and EcoHealth concepts by students is dependent on medical pedagogy and veterinary medical pedagogy having similarities that allow a common discourse. Medical pedagogy includes a focus on the social, political, and economic forces that affect human health, while this discourse is largely absent from veterinary medical pedagogy. There is, however, a gradient in health that human and animal populations experience. Read More

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https://jvme.utpjournals.press/doi/10.3138/jvme.0317-047r
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0317-047rDOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Tracking Veterinary Students' Acquisition of Communication Skills and Clinical Communication Confidence by Comparing Student Performance in the First and Twenty-Seventh Standardized Client Encounters.

Authors:
E Englar Ryane

J Vet Med Educ 2018 Oct 4:1-23. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

The American Veterinary Medical Association's Council on Education mandates that veterinary students graduate with competence in clinical communication. Communication competence facilitates the successful transition of students into clinical practice by improving veterinary client satisfaction and reducing the risk of litigation. Curricular experimentation with communications training has led to innovative approaches to this content area, including the adoption of standardized patients from human health care education. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0917-117r1DOI Listing
October 2018

Using a Standardized Client Encounter in the Veterinary Curriculum to Practice Veterinarian-Employer Discussions about Animal Cruelty Reporting.

Authors:
Ryane E Englar

J Vet Med Educ 2018 Oct 4:1-16. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

Animal cruelty is the antithesis of animal welfare. Because veterinarians take an oath to protect animal welfare, they are professionally obligated to report animal cruelty. Several US states have mandatory reporting laws for veterinarians, and both the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) and the American Animal Hospital Association support reporting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0117-001r1DOI Listing
October 2018

Am I Being Understood? Veterinary Students' Perceptions of the Relationship between Their Language Background, Communication Ability, and Clinical Learning.

J Vet Med Educ 2018 Oct 4:1-10. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

During clinical workplace learning, effective communication between veterinary students and clinical staff is of paramount importance to facilitating learning, assessment, and patient care. Although studies in health sciences education have indicated that students may experience communication difficulties as a result of linguistic, cultural, and other factors and that these difficulties can affect clinical learning and academic outcomes, this has not yet been explored in veterinary clinical educational contexts. In this study, the authors sought to identify whether final-year veterinary students perceived that their communication ability influenced their clinical learning and, if so, whether language background was of significance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0417-057rDOI Listing
October 2018

Assessing Differences in Understanding of Companion-Animal Preventive Care between a Veterinary Healthcare Team and Pet Owners in a Veterinary Teaching Hospital.

J Vet Med Educ 2018 Oct 4:1-21. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

Preventive healthcare visits to primary care veterinary practices in the United States have been on the decline over the past decade. One of the main factors that has been identified is a lack of understanding by pet owners regarding the importance of preventive care. The Partners for Healthy Pets Opportunity Survey was adapted for use in this study to determine whether there were differences in perceptions of a veterinary healthcare team between team members and clients, specifically regarding preventive care within the Community Practice service of the Virginia-Maryland College of Veterinary Medicine. Read More

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https://jvme.utpjournals.press/doi/10.3138/jvme.0317-035r1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0317-035r1DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Evaluation of Two Training Methods for Teaching the Abdominal Focused Assessment with Sonography for Trauma Technique (A-FAST) to First- and Second-Year Veterinary Students.

J Vet Med Educ 2018 Oct 4:1-16. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

Ultrasound techniques, including focused assessment with sonography for trauma (FAST) examinations, are commonly used in veterinary practice, making inclusion of ultrasound in veterinary curricula increasingly important. The best approach for teaching ultrasound techniques in veterinary medicine has not been evaluated. This study compared the results of two training techniques, live-animal training and online video instruction, on students' performance during abdominal FAST (A-FAST) examinations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0517-059r1DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Educators' Perspectives on Animal Welfare and Ethics in the Australia and New Zealand Veterinary Curricula.

J Vet Med Educ 2018 Oct 4:1-16. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

The current study was designed to explore the importance that veterinary science educators in Australia and New Zealand universities assign to animal welfare and ethics (AWE) topics as Day One/Initial Competences for new graduates. An online questionnaire was deployed in parallel with an equivalent study of veterinary science students at these educators' schools. Responses were received from 142 educators (51% females n=72 and 49% males n=70), representing an overall participation rate of 25%. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0117-017rDOI Listing
October 2018

Evaluating Dog and Cat Owner Preferences for Calgary-Cambridge Communication Skills: Results of a Questionnaire.

J Vet Med Educ 2018 Oct 4:1-10. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

Veterinary client retention by companion animal practices is influenced by whether the client feels connected to the healthcare provider. Effective communication between the veterinarian and the client facilitates that connection. To prepare new graduates for success in clinical practice, many colleges of veterinary medicine are now incorporating communication into the curriculum to emphasize its importance in establishing and maintaining the veterinarian-client relationship. Read More

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https://jvme.utpjournals.press/doi/10.3138/jvme.0117-002r1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0117-002r1DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

What are Employers Looking for in New Veterinary Graduates? A Content Analysis of UK Veterinary Job Advertisements.

Authors:
Hannah C Perrin

J Vet Med Educ 2018 Oct 4:1-7. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

As veterinary educators, we have a responsibility to ensure that our graduates are prepared for working life. Veterinary practices, like any other businesses, rely on good employees, and the implications of a poor match between newly employed veterinarian and employing practice could be extremely costly in terms of personal well-being and enjoyment of work as well as the time, financial, and goodwill costs of high staff turnover for the practice. Contemporary veterinary curricula encompass a range of teaching to complement the clinical content; including communication, teamwork, problem solving, and business skills, to support good practice and increase the employability of new graduates. Read More

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https://jvme.utpjournals.press/doi/10.3138/jvme.0317-045r
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0317-045rDOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Effect of Different Instructional Methods on Contamination and Personal Protective Equipment Protocol Adherence among Veterinary Students.

J Vet Med Educ 2018 Oct 4:1-10. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

Proper use of personal protective equipment (PPE) is crucial to prevent disease spread. Recent studies in human medicine have shown disconcerting inconsistencies in the use of PPE in hospital wards. In this study, we compared the effect of three instructional methods for PPE use on contamination and protocol adherence among veterinary students. Read More

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https://jvme.utpjournals.press/doi/10.3138/jvme.0417-053r
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0417-053rDOI Listing
October 2018
14 Reads

Analysis of Small Animal Rotating Internship Applicants' Personal Statements.

J Vet Med Educ 2018 Oct 4:1-7. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

The primary purpose of this study was to identify themes that are consistent across veterinary internship applicants' personal statements and that are correlated with the statements' perceived overall quality. A secondary purpose was to investigate the reliability in personal statement quality scoring among six experienced internship candidate evaluators. One hundred applications to the University of Georgia Small Animal Rotating Internship program were evaluated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0617-071rDOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Changes and Transitions at the JVME.

Authors:
Daryl D Buss

J Vet Med Educ Fall 2018;45(3):293-294

Editor-in-Chief, Journal of Veterinary Medical Education.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0518-052DOI Listing
December 2018

Veterinary Medical Students' Motivations for Exercise.

J Vet Med Educ Fall 2018;45(3):367-373

Clinical Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology, North Carolina State University, Department of Molecular Biomedical Sciences, 1060 William Moore Dr., Raleigh, NC 27607 USA.

The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) declares exercise to be one of the most important activities one can do to improve health. The benefits of exercise are well documented and include both physiologic and psychological health. Given the current landscape of wellness issues in veterinary medical education, it is necessary that students engage in exercise activities to manage stress and increase overall health. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0117-004rDOI Listing
December 2018
10 Reads

Changes in Student Perceptions and Study Strategies Over Time in a Veterinary Clinical Pathology Course Using Case-Based Instruction.

J Vet Med Educ 2018 Jun 13:1-12. Epub 2018 Jun 13.

Veterinary students are challenged to develop new, nonlinear ways of thinking as they learn diagnostic reasoning skills. To support this process, we use real-life cases in our clinical pathology course. Changes in student perceptions regarding the use of cases and changes in study strategies over time have not been previously investigated or compared to student grades. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0317-038rDOI Listing
June 2018
4 Reads

Developing a Professional Studies Curriculum to Support Veterinary Professional Identity Formation.

J Vet Med Educ 2018 13;45(4):489-501. Epub 2018 Jun 13.

Royal Veterinary College, University of London, Hawkshead Lane, North Mymms, Hatfield, Hertfordshire AL9 7TA UK.

Professional studies teaching in medical and veterinary education is undergoing a period of change. Traditional approaches, aiming to teach students professional values and behaviors, are being enhanced by curricula designed to support students' professional identity formation. This development offers the potential for improving student engagement and graduates' mental well-being. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.1216-192r1DOI Listing

Mapping the Teaching of Laboratory Animal Science and Medicine in the European Union and European Free Trade Area.

J Vet Med Educ 2018 Jun 13:1-11. Epub 2018 Jun 13.

Developing a common market and allowing free movement of goods, services, and people is one of the main objectives of the European Union (EU) and the European Free Trade Area. In the field of scientific research, Directive 2010/63/EU on the protection of animals used for scientific purposes aims to improve the welfare of laboratory animals by following the principle of the 3Rs (replacement, reduction, and refinement). Each breeder, supplier, and user must appoint a designated veterinarian to advise on the well-being and treatment of the animals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0117-009r1DOI Listing
June 2018
1 Read

Strategies Used for Making Healthy Eating Choices among Veterinary Medical Students.

J Vet Med Educ Fall 2018;45(3):364-380. Epub 2018 Jun 13.

North Carolina State University, College of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, 1060 William Moore Dr., Raleigh, NC 27607 USA.

Healthy eating is a challenge for most college students, and students in the field of veterinary medicine are no exception. Health experts have recommended that universities emphasize the importance of healthy eating and promote healthy eating habits among students. However, before we can begin offering targeted interventions to promote healthy eating strategies and behaviors, we must first understand students' current strategies used for making healthy eating choices, self-reported eating habits, and perceptions of diet quality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0317-041rDOI Listing
December 2018

Think Subscores Are a Helpful Form of Feedback? Think Again.

J Vet Med Educ 2018 13;45(4):567-570. Epub 2018 Jun 13.

North Carolina State University, Office of Academic Affairs, 1060 William Moore Dr., Raleigh, NC 27607 USA.

Many educators believe subscores offer an easy approach for (1) discerning what students know/can do, and (2) providing more analytical feedback to students. In addition, many educators use subscores as a tool for guiding targeted remediation in specific areas of study. Unfortunately, there are several significant problems associated with subscores, and such beliefs and practices may be problematic and ill-advised. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0117-014r1DOI Listing

Student Perceptions of Veterinary Anatomy Practical Classes: A Longitudinal Study.

J Vet Med Educ Summer 2018;45(2):163-176

Faculty of Medicine & Health Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine and Science, University of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington Campus, Loughborough LE12 5RD UK.

Using cadaveric material to teach veterinary students poses many challenges. However, little research exists on the contribution of this traditional approach to student learning. This longitudinal study aimed to investigate student perceptions of cadaver-based anatomy classes in a vertically integrated veterinary curriculum at the University of Nottingham's School of Veterinary Medicine and Science. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0816-132r1DOI Listing
September 2018

On Teaching Biomedical Science to Undergraduates.

Authors:
Peter Eyre

J Vet Med Educ Summer 2018;45(2):147

Virginia-Maryland College of Veterinary Medicine, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061 USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0917-121DOI Listing
September 2018

Teaching Tip: Development of Veterinary Anesthesia Simulations for Pre-Clinical Training: Design, Implementation, and Evaluation Based on Student Perspectives.

J Vet Med Educ Summer 2018;45(2):232-240

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, Midwestern University, 19555 N. 59th Avenue, Glendale, AZ 85308 USA.

Anesthesia simulations have been used in pre-clinical medical training for decades to help learners gain confidence and expertise in an operating room environment without danger to a live patient. The authors describe a veterinary anesthesia simulation environment (VASE) with anesthesia scenarios developed to provide a re-creation of a veterinarian's task environment while performing anesthesia. The VASE uses advanced computer technology with simulator inputs provided from standard monitoring equipment in common use during veterinary anesthesia and a commercial canine training mannequin that allows intubation, ventilation, and venous access. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.1016-163rDOI Listing
September 2018
3 Reads

The Relationship between Intuitive Action Choices and Moral Reasoning on Animal Ethics Issues in Students of Veterinary Medicine and Other Relevant Professions.

J Vet Med Educ Summer 2018;45(2):269-292

Centre for Animal Welfare and Ethics, School of Veterinary Science, University of Queensland, Gatton, Queensland 4343, Australia.

With growing understanding of animals' capabilities, and public and organizational pressures to improve animal welfare, moral action by veterinarians and other relevant professionals to address animal issues is increasingly important. Little is known about how their action choices relate to their moral reasoning on animal ethics issues. A moral judgment measure, the VetDIT, with three animal and three non-animal scenarios, was used to investigate the action choices of 619 students in five animal- and two non-animal-related professional programs in one Australian university, and how these related to their moral reasoning based on Personal Interest (PI), Maintaining Norms (MN), or Universal Principles (UP) schemas. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0117-016rDOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads

Comparison of Two Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care Clerkship Grading Protocols.

J Vet Med Educ Fall 2018;45(3):347-357. Epub 2018 May 14.

College of Education, University of Florida, PO Box 117040, 140 Norman Hall, Gainesville, FL 32611 USA. Email:

Universal guidelines for evaluating veterinary students' clinical clerkship performance are unavailable. At our institution, each service determines its own grading protocol. In this study, researchers compared clinician, staff, and student perceptions of a traditional and newly devised grading practice on the Emergency and Critical Care (ECC) clerkship. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.1216-195rDOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Teaching Slaughter: Mapping Changes in Emotions in Veterinary Students during Training in Humane Slaughter.

J Vet Med Educ 2018 May 14:1-10. Epub 2018 May 14.

As part of their training, Dutch veterinary students learn how to carry out the humane slaughter of livestock, which many students consider emotionally challenging. The aims of this study were to plot changes in self-reported emotions in veterinary students at different time points during an educational program on humane slaughter using emotion cards and to assess the change in reported emotions after adding a video and a short period of self-reflection to the program. Emotions were mapped in five groups of students at the beginning, middle, and end of the program by asking them to select from 40 cards depicting emotions in photo and text. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0617-075rDOI Listing

Teaching Tip: A Method for Evaluating Learning Evidence when Using Cumulative Final Examinations.

Authors:
Kenneth Royal

J Vet Med Educ Fall 2018;45(3):343-346. Epub 2018 May 14.

Assistant Professor of Educational Assessment & Outcomes, North Carolina State University, College of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, 1060 William Moore Drive, Raleigh, NC 27609 USA. Email:

Cumulative final examinations create a unique opportunity to investigate repeated-measures of an examinee's performance. This article outlines a framework for evaluating authentic learning evidence when presented with repeated measurement opportunities. The article explains how to apply the framework, including how to conduct the procedure using Microsoft Excel. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/jvme.0117-015rDOI Listing
December 2018