11,302 results match your criteria Journal of the National Medical Association[Journal]


The Growing Use of Virtual Reality in Cognitive Rehabilitation: Fact, Fake or Vision? A Scoping Review.

J Natl Med Assoc 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

IRCCS Centro Neurolesi "Bonino-Pulejo", Messina, Italy. Electronic address:

Objective: This review aims to evaluate the role of Virtual Reality (VR) in cognitive rehabilitation of different neurological diseases, and the accessibility to healthcare systems providing this type of treatment.

Method Of Research: Studies performed between 2003 and 2017 and fulfilling the selected criteria were found on PubMed, Scopus, Cochrane and Web of Sciences databases. The search combined the terms VR rehabilitation with different neurological disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnma.2019.01.003DOI Listing
February 2019

Review of the Captain America Graphic Novel 'TRUTH: Red, White and Black' Focusing on Parallels with the Infamous USPHS Syphilis Study at Tuskegee.

J Natl Med Assoc 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

National Center for Bioethics in Research and Health Care, Tuskegee University, United States.

This review presents the first detailed presentation of the parallelism between the Tuskegee Syphilis Study and the Captain America graphic novel 'TRUTH: Red, White and Black', published as a graphic novel by Marvel Comics in 2004 as a paperback, and then in 2009 as a hardcover. First written, published and distributed monthly in 2003 as pre-sequel seven comic book series to tell the story of the origins of the WWII superhero Captain America. In 2003, Marvel Comics chose to tell a 'very dark story' to explain the origins of Captain America, a half century after the initial introduction of Captain America as a WWII action hero in 1940. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnma.2019.01.004DOI Listing
February 2019

Prevalence of Parvovirus B19 Infection by Serology and PCR in Pregnant Women Referring to Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinic.

J Natl Med Assoc 2019 Jan 31. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Department of Infectious Disease, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran.

Objective: Infection by Primate erythroparvovirus 1, generally known Parvovirus B19, is highly prevalent worldwide. Although infection by this virus will not be clinically problematic in most cases, new infections during pregnancy could result in serious repercussions in the fetus. Serologic and PCR-based methods are among the available approaches for diagnosis of Parvovirus B19 infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnma.2018.12.001DOI Listing
January 2019

Urban Minority Community Safety and its Impact on Physical Activity: The Center for Promoting Health and Health Equity-Racial and Ethnic Approaches to Community Health (CPHHE-REACH) Initiative.

J Natl Med Assoc 2019 Jan 30. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Creighton University School of Medicine Center for Promoting Health and Health Equity (CPHHE), Racial and Ethnic Approaches to Community Health (REACH) Grant, School of Medicine, USA.

Background/purpose: Daily physical activity is known to improve personal health and well-being and can often be influenced by one's living environment. A qualitative secondary data analysis of a focus group study, performed by the Creighton University Center for Promoting Health and Health Equity (CPHHE) - Racial and Ethnic Approaches to Community Health (REACH), assesses behavioral changes in individuals who participated in newly established physical activities in faith-based organizations, local residential towers, and the local community health center.

Method: Applying thematic analysis within the Health Belief Model framework, the investigators further investigated the relationships between its constructs and levels of physical activity in urban minority neighborhoods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnma.2019.01.001DOI Listing
January 2019

Aortic Stenosis in African Americans: Focus On Disparities in Treatment and Outcomes.

J Natl Med Assoc 2018 Dec 24. Epub 2018 Dec 24.

University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN, USA.

Aortic stenosis (AS) is the third most common type of cardiovascular disease after hypertension and coronary artery disease, and it carries a high mortality rate when left untreated. Risk factors include male sex, hypertension, tobacco use, advanced age, elevated LDL cholesterol, and coronary atherosclerosis. Definitive treatment for AS includes valve repair, either percutaneously or surgically; however, in aging populations corrective surgery carries increased risk. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnma.2018.11.004DOI Listing
December 2018

Osteogenic Potential of Porous Titanium. An Experimental Study in Sheep.

J Natl Med Assoc 2018 Dec 21. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

Department of Stomatology, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Stavropol State Medical University, Russian Federation; Periodontology, School of Dental Medicine, Faculty of Health, Witten/Herdecke University, Germany; Praxisteam Hasslinghausen, Germany. Electronic address:

The search for osteoinductive as well as osteoconductive materials has led to the novel idea of using titanium in bone augmentations of the alveolar crest. Due to its excellent biocompatibility and favorable osteogenic properties, highly porous TiO granules has been proposed as a promising material for non-resorbable synthetic bone grafts in the restoration of large bone defects, and for bone augmentation in dental applications.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the osteoconductive properties and biological performance of porous titanium granules used in osseous defects adjacent to the maxillary sinus in sheep. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnma.2018.11.003DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Association Between Executive Dysfunction and Instrumental Activities of Daily Living: Racial and Ethnic Differences Among Community-Dwelling Older Adults in the Southeastern US.

J Natl Med Assoc 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

The George Washington School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Washington, DC, USA.

Objective: Examining cultural differences in assessment of cognitive/functional disability among older Americans is needed. This analysis examined associations between day-to-day function, measured by activities of daily living (ADL), and cognition, measured by CLOX scores, among older African American (AA) and non-Hispanic White (nHW) community-dwelling women and men.

Methods: Design- Cross-sectional. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnma.2018.11.002DOI Listing
December 2018

Strengthening the postpartum transition of care to address racial disparities in maternal health.

J Natl Med Assoc 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Section of General Internal Medicine, Boston University Schools of Medicine and Public Health, Boston Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA.

Maternal morbidity and mortality, important indicators of healthcare quality both nationally and internationally, have gained increasing public attention in the United States (U.S.). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnma.2018.10.016DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

African-American sexual minority adolescents and sexual health disparities: An exploratory cross-sectional study.

J Natl Med Assoc 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Alpert Medical School, Brown University Providence, RI, 02912, USA; Centers for Behavioral and Preventive Medicine, The Miriam Hospital, 164 Summit Avenue, Coro East, Suite 309, Providence, RI, 02903, USA; Department of Behavioral and Social Sciences, Brown University, Providence, RI, 02903, USA.

Purpose: To better understand sexual health disparities among African-American sexual minority adolescents.

Methods: African-American adolescents (N = 1120; mean age = 15.24 years) were recruited from 4 cities (Columbia, SC; Macon, GA; Providence, RI; Syracuse, NY) to a larger trial. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00279684183008
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnma.2018.11.001DOI Listing
December 2018
6 Reads

Evaluating a Media Strategy to Provide Health Messages to Medically Underserved Populations.

J Natl Med Assoc 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

College of Nursing, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC 29425, USA.

For nearly every category of chronic disease, blacks with African American ancestry (AAs) bear a disproportionate disease burden in comparison to their non-Hispanic white (NHW) counterparts. The purpose of this study was to evaluate perceptions of a radio-based health communication strategy, geared towards AA adults and the medically underserved. The radio broadcast, titled "Closing the Gap in Healthcare, Inc. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnma.2018.10.002DOI Listing
November 2018
9 Reads

Association between Foot Care Knowledge and Practices among African Americans with Type 2 Diabetes: An Exploratory Pilot Study.

J Natl Med Assoc 2018 Nov 16. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Texas A&M University, Department of Health and Kinesiology; College Station, TX, USA.

Objectives: African Americans bear a disproportionate burden of lower extremity complications associated with a type 2 diabetes diagnosis. We examined the relationship that self-reported foot care knowledge, foot self-care behaviors, and foot self-care management barriers had on a participants' intention to maintain long term foot self-care.

Methods: African Americans were recruited using a convenience and snowball sampling plan, as well as telephone, email and flyers detailing the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnma.2018.10.004DOI Listing
November 2018
8 Reads

Long-term Outcomes for Teen Mothers Who Participated in a Mentoring Program to Prevent Repeat Teen Pregnancy.

J Natl Med Assoc 2018 Nov 15. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Department of Family Medicine, 4420 Bayard Street, Suite 520, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA.

Background: Each year in the United States (US), one million adolescents are pregnant, of which approximately 20% are repeat pregnancies. Adolescent motherhood is associated with lower educational attainment, socioeconomic status and poorer health outcomes. A mentoring program called the Maikuru Program conducted from 2011 to 2015, was designed to teach young mothers under 20 years old how to face daily life challenges, to support them by pairing them with an adult mentor, and prevent a subsequent pregnancy during their teens. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00279684183016
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnma.2018.10.014DOI Listing
November 2018
13 Reads

President Message.

J Natl Med Assoc 2018 Dec;110(6):531-532

The National Medical Association, 116(th) NMA Annual Convention and Scientific Assembly, Orlando, FL, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnma.2018.10.015DOI Listing
December 2018

The one hundredth and tenth anniversary.

Authors:
William B Lawson

J Natl Med Assoc 2018 Dec;110(6):529-530

Silver Spring, MD, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnma.2018.10.017DOI Listing
December 2018

Source of Education, Source of Care, Access to Glucometers, and Independent Correlates of Diabetes Knowledge in Ethiopian Adults with Diabetes.

J Natl Med Assoc 2018 Nov 12. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Department of Medicine, Division of General Internal Medicine, Froedtert and The Medical College of Wisconsin, 9200 W. Wisconsin Ave, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53226, USA; Center for Advancing Population Science, Medical College of Wisconsin, 8701 Watertown Plank Road, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53226, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Knowledge, self-care and access to diabetes-related resources is critical to diabetes management. However, there is paucity of data on source of education, source of care, and access to diabetes-related resources in the developing world, including Ethiopia.

Objective: To examine source of education, source of care, access to diabetes-related resources, and correlates of diabetes knowledge in a random sample of adults with diabetes in Ethiopia. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00279684173032
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnma.2018.10.008DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads

Cluster Enrollment: A Screening Tool for Stroke Risk Factors in Minority Women Caregivers.

J Natl Med Assoc 2018 Nov 12. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Department of Neurology and Institute for Stroke and Cerebrovascular Disease, McGovern Medical School at UTHealth, Houston, TX, USA.

Background And Purpose: Women minorities have an overall increased lifetime incidence of cerebrovascular disease. The provision of risk factor modification in this group can prove difficult. In a population-based study, we used cluster enrollment to identify vascular risk factors in the female caregivers of stroke survivor study participants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnma.2018.10.013DOI Listing
November 2018

Depression and African Americans in the First Decade of Midlife: The Consequences of Social Roles and Gender.

J Natl Med Assoc 2018 Nov 10. Epub 2018 Nov 10.

Department of Sociology & Criminology, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701, USA.

Objective: This study examined gender differences in how three social roles - marriage, parenthood, and employment - impact depressive symptoms and clinically significant depression for African Americans in the first decade of midlife, from 40 to 50 years old. Specifically, we sought to understand the associations between roles configurations (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnma.2018.10.012DOI Listing
November 2018

"They were just waiting to die": Somali Bantu and Karen Experiences with Cancer Screening Pre- and Post-Resettlement in Buffalo, NY.

J Natl Med Assoc 2018 Nov 9. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Department of Family Medicine, Jacobs School of Medicine & Biomedical Sciences, University of Buffalo, 77 Goodell Street, Suite 220D, Buffalo, NY, 14203, USA.

Background: Little is known about how pre-resettlement experiences affect refugees' uptake of cancer screenings. The objective of this study was to characterize Somali Bantu and Karen experiences with cancer and cancer screenings prior to and subsequent to resettlement in Buffalo, NY in order to inform engagement by health providers.

Methods: The study was grounded in a community-based participatory research approach, with data collection and analysis guided by the Health Belief Model and life course framework. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00279684183009
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnma.2018.10.006DOI Listing
November 2018
12 Reads

Is initial optic nerve sheath diameter prognostic of specific head injury in emergency departments?

J Natl Med Assoc 2018 Nov 8. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Ankara Numune Education and Research Hospital; Department of Neurosurgery, Ankara, Turkey.

Background: Emergency departments (EDs) are typically the first medical contact for patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and early diagnosis and treatment of intracranial pressure (ICP) in patients with neurotrauma primarily falls under the liability of emergency doctors. Monitoring ICP with optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) via tools has gained popularity among emergency service doctors. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the predictive value of ONSD for specific head injury on initial cranial tomography. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00279684183020
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnma.2018.10.009DOI Listing
November 2018
5 Reads

Prostate Cancer Screening Guidelines for African American Veterans: A New Perspective.

J Natl Med Assoc 2018 Nov 5. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

UMMC Radiation Oncology, 2500 N State St, Jackson, MS 39216, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Prostate cancer is the most common form of cancer, other than skin cancers, in American men and the second leading cause of cancer deaths. In 2012, the US Preventative Task Force recommended against the prostate specific antigen-based screening for prostate cancer, regardless of race or age, due to overtreatment of low-risk disease and lack of impact on disease outcomes. In African-American men, however, the incidence of prostate cancer is almost 60% higher and the mortality rate is two- to three-times greater than that of Caucasian men. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00279684183028
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnma.2018.10.010DOI Listing
November 2018
9 Reads

A Contemporary Analysis of Outcomes and Modifiable Risk Factors of Ethnic Disparities in Kidney Transplantation.

J Natl Med Assoc 2018 Nov 5. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

Department of Urology, Glickman Urological and Kidney Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: The aim of this study was to provide a contemporary analysis of longitudinal kidney transplant outcomes and to evaluate potential causes of ethnic disparities among African American (AA) and Caucasian American (CA) patients undergoing kidney transplantation at our institution.

Patients And Methods: 1400 patients were identified who underwent kidney transplantation from 2003 to 2013 from a large, academic institution in Cleveland, OH. Relevant recipient and donor demographic and clinical covariates were obtained from an institutional transplant database. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00279684183010
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnma.2018.10.011DOI Listing
November 2018
9 Reads

Order in The Court? The Association Between Substance Use, Exposure to Violence, Risky Sexual Behaviors & Observed Court Behaviors Among Women Involved in the Criminal Justice System.

J Natl Med Assoc 2018 Nov 5. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

Department of Epidemiology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA.

Drug courts, therapeutic justice programs for individuals charged with drug offenses, have sub-optimal completion rates. The Courtroom Behavior Checklist (CRBCL), an assessment that quantifies readiness for drug court and drug court behaviors, was developed to predict female offenders who may be at-risk for non-compliance and termination. Data derived from 264 mainly urban women recruited from a Municipal Drug Court System in St. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnma.2018.10.007DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads

Do Anti-TNF Agents Increase the Risk of Inflammatory Bowel Disease Evolution in Patients with Ankylosing Spondylitis? Real Life Data.

J Natl Med Assoc 2018 Oct 30. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Division of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Eskişehir Osmangazi University, Eskişehir, Turkey.

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine whether there is any association with anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) agent administration and development of new-onset inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients.

Methods: Records of the patients who met 1984 modified New York criteria for AS between 1998 and 2016 at Rheumatology Department were evaluated retrospectively and data about the patients, IBD properties and medication were obtained.

Results: Among 420 patients, 310 were male, the average age was 42. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00279684173015
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnma.2018.10.003DOI Listing
October 2018
9 Reads

Race and Time to Receipt of Androgen Deprivation Therapy Among Men With Metastatic Prostate Cancer.

J Natl Med Assoc 2018 Oct 30. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Evidera, Real-World Evidence, 500 Totten Pond Road, Waltham, MA 02451, USA.

Background: The Medicare Modernization Act (MMA) drastically reduced reimbursement for androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) in 2005. One unintended consequence of the MMA may be an increase in the racial disparities in receipt of ADT. Given these policy changes, it becomes increasingly important to assess racial disparities in timely receipt of ADT. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnma.2018.10.005DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Public Attitudes and Knowledge About Youth Sports Participation and Concussion Risk in an Urban Area.

J Natl Med Assoc 2018 Dec 28;110(6):635-643. Epub 2018 Oct 28.

Department of Pediatrics, University of Chicago, 5841 S Maryland Ave, Chicago, IL, 60637, USA; MacLean Center for Clinical Medical Ethics, University of Chicago, 5841 S Maryland Ave, Chicago, IL, 60637, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Every year, millions of children in the United States participate in youth full-contact sports, which carry concussion risks-the long-term sequelae of which are not well understood. We examined the attitudes and knowledge of adults in Chicago about youth sports participation, concussion risk, and whether physicians should counsel against youth participation in full-contact sports.

Methods: An anonymous paper survey featuring 13 attitudinal, 13 demographic, and 9 knowledge questions was distributed to a convenience sample of adults ≥18 years in hospital waiting areas and four Chicago parks. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00279684183006
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnma.2018.10.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6226021PMC
December 2018
3 Reads

Protective Propensity of Race or Environmental Features in the Development of Barrett's Esophagus in African Americans - A Single Center Pilot Study.

J Natl Med Assoc 2018 Oct 23. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

Division of Gastroenterology, University of Florida/Jacksonville, Jacksonville, FL, USA; Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Augusta University-Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, GA. Electronic address:

Background And Study Aims: Barrett's Esophagus (BE) is a well-recognized pre-malignant condition. Previous data indicate histologically confirmed BE frequency varies by ethnicity in the United States. However, clinical factor assessment to explain this has only occurred in a veteran population to date. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnma.2018.09.008DOI Listing
October 2018
6 Reads

A Community-Based Study of Giving ACTS: Organ Donation Education for African American Adults.

J Natl Med Assoc 2018 Oct 13. Epub 2018 Oct 13.

Department of Behavioral Sciences & Health Education, Rollins School of Public Health, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Background: Transplantation continues to be the therapy of choice for people experiencing end-stage organ failure. African Americans (AAs) are overrepresented among those awaiting an available organ for the purpose of a transplant, yet donate at rates lower than other races due to a list of well-studied barriers. The Giving ACTS (About Choices in Transplantation and Sharing) Intervention was developed to provide culturally appropriate messaging to AAs about organ and tissue donation and transplantation (OTDT). Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00279684183023
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnma.2018.09.005DOI Listing
October 2018
10 Reads

High Blood Pressure Guidelines Editorial HBP.

J Natl Med Assoc 2018 Dec 13;110(6):533. Epub 2018 Oct 13.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnma.2018.09.007DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Recognition and Treatment of Sleep-disordered Breathing in Obese African American Hospitalized Patients may Improve Outcome.

J Natl Med Assoc 2018 Oct 9. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

Department of Internal Medicine and the Division of Pulmonary, Allergy and Sleep Medicine, Albert Einstein Medical Center, Sidney Kimmel Medical College, Philadelphia, PA, USA. Electronic address:

Purpose: The HoSMed Database recently demonstrated a high prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in hospitalized obese patients. Based on a long-term follow-up, this study showed an improved survival among patients who were adherent with the therapy. In this post-hoc analysis we explore the characteristics, associations, and mortality outcome of OSA in the African American (AA) population. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00279684183024
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnma.2018.09.003DOI Listing
October 2018
10 Reads

Improving Uptake of Hydroxyurea in Patients with Sickle Cell Disease: A Retrospective Study of a Clinic-based Change in Consenting Practices.

J Natl Med Assoc 2018 Oct 9. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

Kent State University, 144 Kent Hall, Kent, OH 44242, USA.

Introduction: Sickle cell disease (SCD) can shorten lives and may result in severe clinical complications. Hydroxyurea (HU) is inexpensive, widely available, and National Institutes of Health (NIH) recommends HU for SCD. Despite these benefits, utilization of HU is low. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00279684183002
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnma.2018.09.004DOI Listing
October 2018
5 Reads

Leaving the light on illuminating the NMA path to health equity - Past, present and future.

J Natl Med Assoc 2018 Oct;110(5):418-420

The National Medical Association, 116(th) NMA Annual Convention and Scientific Assembly, Orlando, FL, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnma.2018.09.002DOI Listing
October 2018

Maintaining the legacy.

Authors:
William B Lawson

J Natl Med Assoc 2018 Oct;110(5):417

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00279684183030
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnma.2018.09.001DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

A Qualitative Study of Chronic Pain and Self-Management in Adults with Sickle Cell Disease.

J Natl Med Assoc 2018 Sep 25. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Emory University, School of Medicine, 100 Woodruff Circle, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA.

Acute, intermittent vaso-occlusive pain is the hallmark of sickle cell disease (SCD) and is associated with substantial morbidity and impaired quality of life (QOL). The subgroup of adults with SCD who transition from recurrent, acute pain to chronic, persistent pain have even greater QOL impairment and higher rates of healthcare utilization. Self-management is central to SCD management; however, its role in chronic pain management is not established. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnma.2018.08.001DOI Listing
September 2018
7 Reads

Effects of Immigration on Infant Feeding Practices in an Inner City, Low Socioeconomic Community.

J Natl Med Assoc 2018 Aug 31. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Department of Pediatrics, Rutgers Biomedical and Health Sciences, New Jersey Medical School, 90 Bergen St Suite 7300, Newark, NJ 07103, USA.

Objective: Infant feeding practices have been shown to differ between immigrants and non-immigrants in the United States. Our study characterizes feeding practices of infants of immigrant versus American-born mothers followed in an inner city Pediatric continuity clinic serving predominantly low socioeconomic status families.

Methods: A survey was given to 102 parents of infants ranging from 12 to 15 months of age who attended the clinic. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00279684183014
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnma.2018.07.006DOI Listing
August 2018
9 Reads

Mentoring Underrepresented Minority in Medicine (URMM) Students Across Racial, Ethnic and Institutional Differences.

J Natl Med Assoc 2018 Oct 6;110(5):421-423. Epub 2017 Nov 6.

University of Utah, USA.

Cross cultural mentoring for underrepresented minority in medicine (URMM) students has increased significance. It is especially important for non-URMM faculty and others from different backgrounds, ethnicities and cultures to know how to provide mentorship for URMM student success. This article provides approaches to mentorship for URMM students. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnma.2017.09.004DOI Listing
October 2018
10 Reads

Extraordinary Presentation of Elastofibroma Dorsi After a Thoracotomy Procedure.

J Natl Med Assoc 2018 Oct 2;110(5):428-430. Epub 2017 Nov 2.

Department of Radiology, Ufuk University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Elastofibroma dorsi is a reactive pseudotumor of connective tissue, typically located in the infrascapular region. Awareness of this benign entity is crucial for radiologists, as well as clinicians, to avoid misdiagnosis and potential patient harm. In this report, we present clinical and imaging findings of an elastofibroma dorsi after a thoracotomy procedure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnma.2017.09.005DOI Listing
October 2018
10 Reads

Response to a Supervised Structured Aerobic Exercise Training Program in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus - Does Gender Make a Difference? A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial.

J Natl Med Assoc 2018 Oct 14;110(5):431-439. Epub 2017 Nov 14.

Riphah College of Rehabilitation Sciences, Riphah International University, Plot#50, St#05, Faiz Ahmad Faiz Road, H-8/2, Islamabad, Pakistan.

Objective: Because of the globally increasing occurrence of diabetes mellitus (DM) in the population, exercise is becoming vitally important for prevention and disease management, along with medical and dietary interventions. This study was designed to test the hypothesis that women with DM would respond similarly to men with DM following supervised structured aerobic exercise training (SSAET) program.

Methods: This randomized, single blind, controlled clinical trial was conducted on 102 patients with T2DM with ranging in age from 40 to 70 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnma.2017.10.003DOI Listing
October 2018
11 Reads

The Relationship Between Body Mass Index (BMI) and Menstrual Disorders at Different Ages of Menarche and Sex Hormones.

J Natl Med Assoc 2018 Oct 23;110(5):440-447. Epub 2017 Nov 23.

Department of Midwifery, Maternal -Fetal Medicine Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran. Electronic address:

Objective: The present research aimed to study the relationship between body mass index and menstrual disorders at different ages of menarche and sex hormones.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 2000 girls aged between 9 and 18 in all levels were selected through cluster sampling in Shiraz. Data were collected using demographic characteristics, menstrual disorders, body mass index and hormones' measure questionnaires. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnma.2017.10.007DOI Listing
October 2018
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Patient Voices Network: Bringing Breast Cancer Awareness and Action into Underserved Communities.

J Natl Med Assoc 2018 Oct 26;110(5):448-454. Epub 2017 Nov 26.

Patient Voices Network, 77 Goodell St, Buffalo, NY 14203, United States; Buffalo Clinical and Translational Science Institute, University at Buffalo, 875 Ellicott Street, Buffalo, NY 14203, United States. Electronic address:

Background/purpose: African American women are diagnosed with breast cancer at later stages and have higher mortality rates than white women. The Patient Voices Network (PVN), a community group whose vision is "a community of educated and involved patients working hand in hand with physicians in making decisions about their own health care," conceived of and implemented a walk to raise awareness of breast cancer and link women to screening resources in a low-income, urban community OBJECTIVES: To describe the planning and implementation of the Concerned About You: Breast Cancer Awareness Walk & Wellness Event and its impact on an academic community partnership.

Methods: A narrative approach was used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnma.2017.10.008DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Are Multiple Choice Questions for Post Graduate Dental Entrance Examinations Spot On?-Item Analysis of MCQs in Prosthodontics in India.

J Natl Med Assoc 2018 Oct 6;110(5):455-458. Epub 2017 Dec 6.

Dept of Oral Medicine and Radiology, KLE VK Institute of Dental Sciences, Belgaum, Karnataka, India.

Background: Construction of appropriate test items is a challenge in preparing quality multiple choice questions. Item analysis provides valuable feedback data on validity of multiple choice questions. The present study was conducted to evaluate the difficulty index, discrimination index and distracter efficiency of the items present in the multiple choice questions of post graduate dental entrance examinations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnma.2017.11.001DOI Listing
October 2018

Evaluating the Effectiveness of a Continuing Education Program for Prevention of Occupational Exposure to Needle Stick Injuries in Nursing Staff Based on Kirkpatrick's Model.

J Natl Med Assoc 2018 Oct 19;110(5):459-463. Epub 2017 Dec 19.

Department of Psychiatric Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Background: Nurses are the most vulnerable group that are faced with occupational injuries caused by exposure to needle stick injuries. This study evaluated the effectiveness of a continuing education program about the prevention of occupational exposure to needle stick injuries in the nursing staff, based on the Kirkpatrick model.

Methods: In this study, 120 nurses were selected in the experimental and control groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnma.2017.11.002DOI Listing
October 2018
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Exploring the Association of Healthcare Worker Race and Occupation with Implicit and Explicit Racial Bias.

J Natl Med Assoc 2018 Oct 27;110(5):464-472. Epub 2017 Dec 27.

Division of Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA.

Background: Racial bias is associated with suboptimal healthcare treatment for minorities. Research focuses on bias among physicians rather than non-physician healthcare staff (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnma.2017.12.001DOI Listing
October 2018
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Gender and Ethnicity of Enrolled Participants in U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Clinical Trials for Approved Ophthalmological New Molecular Entities.

Authors:
Faith A Birnbaum

J Natl Med Assoc 2018 Oct 1;110(5):473-479. Epub 2018 Feb 1.

Division of Internal Medicine, Steward Carney Hospital, Tufts School of Medicine, Dorchester, MA, USA and Department of Ophthalmology, Duke University Medical Center, 2351 Erwin Road, Durham, NC 27705, USA. Electronic address:

Purpose: The purpose of this review is to describe the demographics (age, gender, race and iris color) of subjects enrolled in clinical trials supportive of approved New Molecular Entities (NMEs) in ophthalmology over the last 10 years (2006-2016).

Methods: Publicly available data on Drugs@FDA were reviewed for all 9 approved NMEs, including biologics, from 2006 to 2016.

Results: All NMEs have publicly available data on the race, gender and age of clinical trial participants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnma.2017.12.004DOI Listing
October 2018

Anticaries Activity of Curcumin on Decay Process in Human Tooth Enamel Samples (In Vitro Study).

J Natl Med Assoc 2018 Oct 1;110(5):486-490. Epub 2018 Feb 1.

Department of Orthodontics, Jundishapur University of Medical Science, Ahvaz, Iran.

Background: Dental caries is a big public health problem which is prevalent in the highest degree worldwide, especially in lower socioeconomic levels. This study aims to investigate the anti-caries effects of Curcumin in Turmeric on the caries model of enamel under laboratory conditions.

Methods: In order to make a reliable model of caries, a Streptococcus mutans (ATCC 3568) bacterium was used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnma.2017.12.005DOI Listing
October 2018
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Engaging United States Black Communities in HIV Pre-exposure Prophylaxis: Analysis of a PrEP Engagement Cascade.

J Natl Med Assoc 2018 Oct 1;110(5):480-485. Epub 2018 Feb 1.

Philadelphia Department of Public Health, Division of Ambulatory Health Services, 500 South Broad St., Philadelphia, PA 19146, USA.

Background/purpose: National PrEP utilization analyses show US non-Hispanic Blacks accessing PrEP at disproportionately low rates given the higher HIV prevalence among Blacks, and in comparison to utilization by non-Hispanic Whites. Women also are underrepresented among PrEP utilizers, especially Black women. We examine the process of accessing PrEP for a majority Black population in an urban community health center setting. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00279684173018
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnma.2017.12.006DOI Listing
October 2018
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Primary Care Physicians Beliefs about Prostate-Specific Antigen Evidence Uncertainty, Screening Efficacy, and Test Use.

J Natl Med Assoc 2018 Oct 7;110(5):491-500. Epub 2018 May 7.

Division of Cancer Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta, GA, USA.

Background/purpose: Little is known about primary care physicians' (PCPs) beliefs about prostate cancer screening efficacy, evidence uncertainty, and their actual screening behaviors. We examined factors associated with PCP beliefs about screening efficacy and uncertainty and whether beliefs were associated with prostate specific-antigen (PSA) test use.

Methods: The 2008 National Survey of Primary Care Physicians' Practices Regarding Prostate Cancer Screening collected information on physicians' attitudes, beliefs, and practices related to prostate cancer and screening (n=1,256). Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00279684173004
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnma.2017.12.007DOI Listing
October 2018
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Central Obesity in Africans: Anthropometric Assessment of Abdominal Adiposity and its Predictors in Urban Nigerians.

J Natl Med Assoc 2018 Oct 13;110(5):519-527. Epub 2018 Feb 13.

Department of Medicine, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Objective: To assess the occurrence of central obesity and identify its predictors in urban Africans using anthropometric tools. Another objective was to evaluate the anthropometric indices and their interaction with various cardiovascular risk factors.

Methods: In an obesity survey in a major Nigerian city, we measured the prevalence of central obesity in 998 randomly selected men and women using the IDF (International Diabetes Federation) criteria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnma.2018.01.001DOI Listing
October 2018
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Diversity in Pediatrics: The Myth of Sisyphus.

Authors:
Richard Garcia

J Natl Med Assoc 2018 Oct 3;110(5):501-503. Epub 2018 Feb 3.

Ethnic Health Institute, Oakland, CA, USA. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnma.2017.12.009DOI Listing
October 2018

Mediation Effect of Physical Activity on Obesity in Black Women.

J Natl Med Assoc 2018 Oct 1;110(5):512-518. Epub 2018 Feb 1.

Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, DC, USA.

Background And Objective: Sociodemographic and lifestyle factors, physical activity, diet, and nutrients are important in the understanding of obesity. The possibly direct or indirect nature of the associations among these factors and the eventual link to obesity is not well understood. In this study, we assess the indirect association between socio-demographic factors and obesity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnma.2018.01.002DOI Listing
October 2018
9 Reads