2,543 results match your criteria Journal of religion and health[Journal]


Does Religious Activity Distinguish the Mortality Experiences of Older Taiwanese? An Analysis Using Eighteen Years of Follow-Up Data.

J Relig Health 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Institute for Ageing, Newcastle University, Newcastle, UK.

This paper extends investigation of religiosity and longevity to Taiwan using a 1989 survey: N = 3849, aged 60+, with 18 years of follow-up. Religious activity is measured as worship and performance of rituals. A Gompertz regression, adjusted and non-adjusted for covariates and mediating factors, shows the hazard of dying is lower for the religiously active versus the non-active. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00778-xDOI Listing
February 2019

Germ-Inating Solutions or Gene-Rating Problems: An Islamic Perspective on Human Germline Gene Editing.

Authors:
Ismail Lala

J Relig Health 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Independent Scholar, University of Oxford, Bolton, UK.

Human germline gene editing (hGGE) poses many questions for the Muslim community. They range from the scientific: is there sufficient evidence that hGGE is better than existing technologies? To the ethical: is the lack of consent an insurmountable hurdle? What is the moral status of the embryo? What effect would hGGE have on societal inequalities? And, most crucially, can hGGE be interdicted on the basis of preventing its ineluctable use in eugenic programming? This paper confronts these issues from a religious perspective basing its judgements and reasoning on traditional sources of Islamic jurisprudence. It concludes that, except in very few instances that must be individual and case-specific, hGGE is not congruent with the tenets of Islam. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00770-5DOI Listing
February 2019

Enhancing Human Cognition Through Vajrayana Practices.

J Relig Health 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Psychology Department, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, National University of Singapore, 9 Arts Link, Block AS4, Level 2, Singapore, 117570, Singapore.

Phenomenological studies suggest the existence of enhanced cognitive states, termed flow or peak experiences, in which specific cognitive processes (e.g., attention, perception) can be dramatically increased for limited durations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00776-zDOI Listing
February 2019

Opinions, Knowledge and Attitudes Concerning "Spirituality, Religiosity and Health" Among Health Graduates in a Spanish University.

J Relig Health 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

University of Seville, Seville, Spain.

This study aims to investigate the opinions, knowledge and attitudes concerning spirituality, religiosity and health among 75 health MSc graduates from a Spanish university. The questionnaire "Religion and Spirituality in Medicine, Perspectives of Physicians" was used. Most students had low levels of religious activities, agreeing that S/R could have a high influence on the health professional-patient relationship (62. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00780-3DOI Listing
February 2019

Emergency Department Patients are Receptive to Prayer-Based Interventions to Reduce Alcohol Use.

J Relig Health 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Center for Policy & Research in Emergency Medicine, Department of Emergency Medicine, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR, USA.

Previous studies show that elements of spirituality, including prayer and religious services, may contribute to reductions in harmful alcohol use. The objective of this study was to assess the acceptability of prayer as a component of emergency department (ED) interventions for risky alcohol use. A 12-question multiple-choice questionnaire was developed, piloted, and refined by the study team. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00779-wDOI Listing
February 2019

The Anatomy of Papal Tiara: A Story About Popes' Contribution and Protection of Anatomists.

J Relig Health 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

2nd Neurosurgery Clinic, "Prof. Dr. N. Oblu Emergency Clinical Hospital", Iasi, Romania.

Beginning with the thirteenth century, the papacy has exerted an important role in the development of anatomy and medical sciences through the protection and support provided to anatomists, who were in most cases the personal physicians of the popes as well. The work is intended to be a lesson of anatomy of Papal tiara, presenting the most important contributing popes, the anatomists-physicians whom they supported and protected and the relations between papacy and medical sciences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00772-3DOI Listing
February 2019

Quality of Life and the Predictive Roles of Religiosity and Spiritual Coping Among Nursing Students: A Multi-country Study.

J Relig Health 2019 Feb 9. Epub 2019 Feb 9.

Oman College of Health Sciences - Dhofar, Salalah City, Dhofar, Sultanate of Oman.

There has been high interest in religious and spirituality practices among college students due to positive benefits to university life. However, no studies have been conducted examining nursing students' religiosity and use of spiritual coping and its impact on their QOL. This cross-sectional, descriptive study measured the QOL and examined the predictive roles of religiosity and spiritual coping among nursing students from four countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00771-4DOI Listing
February 2019

Beyond Good and Evil: Doing Ethics in the Clinic. A Lecture Celebrating 25 Years of the Philip Hallie Lecture, College of Letters, Wesleyan University, November 2, 2018.

Authors:
Joseph J Fins

J Relig Health 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

The E. William Davis, M.D., Professor of Medical Ethics, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00768-zDOI Listing
February 2019

The Effect of Spirituality Intervention on the Anxiety Parents of Hospitalized Newborns in a Neonatal Department.

J Relig Health 2019 Feb 4. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

School of Medicine Social, Determinants of Health Research Center, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran.

Admission leads to many problems in the family, one of the most important of which is Stress parents. Therefore, specify The Effect of Religious Intervention on the Anxiety parents of hospitalized newborns in a neonatal department. The study was a semi-experimental study with experimental and control groups and before and after the intervention, Anxiety and care pressure questionnaires were given to parents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-018-00753-yDOI Listing
February 2019

Religiosity and Adolescent Major Depressive Episodes Among 12-17-Year-Olds.

J Relig Health 2019 Jan 31. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Health Promotion and Education Program, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, 45221-0068, USA.

This study examined whether age plays a role in the relationship between religiosity and adolescent major depressive episodes (MDEs). The 2012 National Survey on Drug Use and Health data was examined. Odds ratios were computed to determine if the association between religiosity and MDE differed based on age of adolescent among 12-13-year-olds, 14-15-year-olds, and 16-17-year-olds. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00766-1DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Attachment to God and Psychological Adjustment: God's Responses and Our Coping Strategies.

J Relig Health 2019 Jan 30. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Department of Psychology, Auburn University at Montgomery, 210I Goodwyn Hall, Montgomery, AL, 36124, USA.

An outgrowth of research has established an association between attachment to God dimensions and psychosocial indices. There has been a dearth of studies, however, examining variables that mediate these relationships. This study examined three categories of coping strategies (emotion-focused, problem-focused, and dysfunctional) as mediators in the relationship between attachment to God dimensions and psychological adjustment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00765-2DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

The Effect of Religious Beliefs on the Attitude of Aesthetic Surgery Operation in Islam.

J Relig Health 2019 Jan 30. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Medicine, Hitit University, Çorum, Turkey.

This study aims to investigate the relationship between individuals' attitudes about acceptance of aesthetic surgery (e.g. rhinoplasty, autoplasty, blepharoplasty, and mammaplasty) and some of the worship practices in Islamic religion such as performing prayer, fasting, and going to pilgrimage. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00767-0DOI Listing
January 2019

Study of Spiritual Health Determinants in Indian Saints (Sadhus) at Ujjain Kumbh Mela (Simhast) 2016.

J Relig Health 2019 Jan 25. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Department of Community Medicine, R D Gardi Medical College, Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh, India.

Spirituality is the oldest and most intrinsic health determinant. Unfortunately, it has surfed rough weather for a reasonable time. In spite of this chronic inattention, still in India we have established communes (saints) who thrive on spiritual living. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10943-019-00764-3
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00764-3DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

The Effectiveness of Spiritual Therapy on Spiritual Well-Being, Self-Esteem and Self-Efficacy in Patients on Hemodialysis.

J Relig Health 2019 Jan 23. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Faculty of Humanistic, Islamic Azad University, Unit of Ilam, Iran.

Spirituality is an important part of practice of the healthcare providers. Spiritual therapy is important for patients with chronic and end-stage diseases such as end-stage renal disease due to changes in physical, mental, social and spiritual needs. Promotion of spiritual well-being, self-esteem and self-efficacy is very important for these patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-018-00750-1DOI Listing
January 2019

Key Tenets of Classical Buddhist Dharma Leave Space for the Practice of Abortion and are Upheld by Contemporary Japanese Buddhist Mizuko Kuyo Remembrance Rituals.

J Relig Health 2019 Jan 23. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Department of Theology, Georgetown University, 3700 O St NW, Washington, DC, 20057, USA.

Core Buddhist principles of continuity, karmic assignment, and emphasis on separation of mind from body, permit, though do not expressly advocate for, the practice of abortion. Further, in certain contemporary contexts, Buddhist practices exist to mitigate the suffering experienced by women who have lost an unborn child, whether through abortion or miscarriage. In modern-day Japan for example, many Buddhists practice mizuko kuyō, a set of formal remembrance rituals, which provides structured support to families in their efforts to mourn, to remember the departed, and to celebrate the redirection of human potential. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00763-4DOI Listing
January 2019

Knowledge, Attitudes, and Beliefs of Catholic Clerics' Regarding Mental Health in Lebanon.

J Relig Health 2019 Jan 19. Epub 2019 Jan 19.

Department of Psychiatry, Hôtel Dieu de France, Beirut, Lebanon.

Arabic speakers rarely seek the help of professional mental health providers while they heavily rely on religious leaders. However, little is known about the knowledge, beliefs, and attitudes of clerics regarding mental illness. A standardized questionnaire was administered to 115 Christian religious men. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00758-1DOI Listing
January 2019

The Role of Socio-demographics in Adoption of Religious-Spiritual and Other Coping Strategies Among Muslim Chronic Patients with Hepatitis C in Pakistan.

J Relig Health 2019 Jan 18. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Department of Sociology, University of Gujrat, Room#A8, Al-Farabi Block, Hafiz Hayat Campus, Gujrat, 50700, Pakistan.

Coping has emerged as a vital indicator among patients in the chronic conditions. The current study examined the role of demographic characteristics (such as age, education, gender, marital status, residential background, family type and number of children) in adoption of coping (emotion-focused, problem-solving, religious-spiritual) strategies for nursing among hepatitis patients. A sample of 500 patients (of hepatitis C) was drawn from five most populous districts (Lahore, Faisalabad, Rawalpindi, Gujranwala and Multan) of Punjab, Pakistan, by using Epi Info software with an alpha level of 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00761-6DOI Listing
January 2019
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Religiosity and Excess Weight Among African-American Adolescents: The Jackson Heart KIDS Study.

J Relig Health 2019 Jan 16. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

Department of Population Health Science, John D. Bower School of Population Health, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS, USA.

Recent studies suggest that religion and spirituality can yield health benefits for young African-Americans. We examined the relationship between religious practices, spirituality, and excess weight among African-American adolescents (N = 212) residing in the Deep South. Results from modified Poisson regression analysis indicate that adolescents who prayed daily had a lower prevalence of excess weight (PR 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00762-5DOI Listing
January 2019

Relationship Between Praying and Self-Care in Elderly with Heart Failure: A Cross-Sectional Study in West of Iran.

J Relig Health 2019 Jan 14. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Kermanshah University of Medical Science, Kermanshah, Iran.

Given the prevalence of Heart Failure (HF), the current study was conducted, aiming to determine the relationship between praying and self-care in the patients with HF in Iran in 2018. The type of the study is descriptive-analytical, which has been conducted in patient group of more than 65, suffering HF. The population of study has consisted of HF patients, referring to Shahid Mostafa Khomeini Hospital of Ilam province. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-018-00757-8DOI Listing
January 2019
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Comparison of Newly Graduated Nurses' and Doctors' Opinions About Spiritual Care and Their Emotional Intelligence Levels.

J Relig Health 2019 Jan 11. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Erzurum Nene Hatun Gynecology Hospital, Erzurum, Turkey.

The study has been conducted to compare newly graduated nurses' and doctors' opinions about spiritual care and their emotional intelligence levels. Descriptive study's sample consisted of 50 nurses and 50 doctors who graduated from a university's medical faculty and health faculty recently. Data were collected by Personal Information Form, Spirituality and Spiritual Care Rating Scale, and Schutte Emotional Intelligence Scale. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00760-7DOI Listing
January 2019

Religiosity/Spirituality and Mental Health: A Meta-analysis of Studies from the German-Speaking Area.

J Relig Health 2019 Jan 10. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Department of Social Work, Education, and Diaconia, The Protestant University of Applied Sciences Rhineland-Westphalia-Lippe, Bochum, Germany.

The meta-analysis presented here investigates the relationship between religiosity/spirituality (R/S) and mental health based on 67 studies from the German-speaking area (Germany, Austria, Switzerland). The weighted average correlation is .03 (95% CI [. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10943-019-00759-0
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00759-0DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Do Religious Coping and Attachment to God Affect Perceived Pain? Study of the Elderly with Chronic Back Pain in Iran.

J Relig Health 2019 Jan 4. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Kermanshah University of Medical Science, Kermanshah, Iran.

Religious Coping (RC) refers to the individual's ability to understand and cope with the stress in life. Attachment is a God relatively stable emotional bond that forms through continuous communication and requires interaction, pleasure and relaxation. Considering the increasing population of the elderly and the role of pain in their health status, the present study was conducted aimed to determine the relationship between RC and attachment to God with perceived pain in the elderly with chronic low back pain (CLBP) in Ilam in Iran. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-018-00756-9DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Christian Spirituality and Smartphone Addiction in Adolescents: A Comparison of High-Risk, Potential-Risk, and Normal Control Groups.

Authors:
Jung Yeon Shim

J Relig Health 2019 Jan 4. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Chongshin University, Seoul, Korea.

The goal of this study was to compare aspects of Christian spirituality such as God's image and sense of spiritual well-being among three groups: the high-risk, potential-risk and normal control groups for smartphone addiction. Participants were: 11 adolescents in the high-risk group for smartphone addiction; 20 adolescents who were potentially at risk of smartphone addiction, and 254 adolescents who were in the normal control group. The results showed that the high-risk group for smartphone addiction adolescent group showed low levels of spiritual well-being and positive image of God comparing to those in the potential-risk and control groups. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10943-018-00751-0
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-018-00751-0DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Can Religious and Spiritual Struggle Enhance Well-Being? Exploring the Mediating Effects of Internal Dialogues.

J Relig Health 2019 Jan 2. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Institute of Psychology, The John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin, Al. Racławickie 14, 20-950, Lublin, Poland.

Although a number of studies have demonstrated links between religious/spiritual struggle and well-being, only a few have examined what makes religious/spiritual struggle increase or decrease well-being. The present paper aims to examine different forms of internal dialogues (IDs) as potential mediators of the relationship between religious/spiritual struggle and well-being among Roman Catholics. There were 143 respondents (81 female) who participated in the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-018-00755-wDOI Listing
January 2019

Editorial: After Eight Years.

Authors:
Curtis W Hart

J Relig Health 2019 Jan 2. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-018-00754-xDOI Listing
January 2019

Medical Problems of Way of St. James Pilgrimage.

Authors:
Peter Felkai

J Relig Health 2019 Jan 2. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Travel Medicine Chair, Internal Medicine Faculty, Debrecen University, Medical School, Szentendrei ut 301, Budapest, 1039, Hungary.

It appears that the El Camino pilgrimage route has become a long-distance trek and endurance test of the individual. The continuously increasing number of hikers demands more attention by travel medicine professionals. Analysis of the age groups of the pilgrims over recent years shows that the number of young pilgrims (< 30 years) is decreasing, but the number of middle-aged people (30-60 years) is slightly increasing, while the number of elderly people (> 60 years) is considerably increased. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-018-00744-zDOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

The Relationship Between Spiritual Development and Life Satisfaction Among Students of Qom University of Medical Sciences.

J Relig Health 2019 Jan 1. Epub 2019 Jan 1.

Spiritual Health Research Center, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran.

Having a spiritual perspective on life can have an effect on the optimism and individuals level of life satisfaction, and it is a protective factor against self-harm in life. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between spiritual development and life satisfaction in students of Qom University of Medical Sciences, Iran. This cross-sectional study is part of study that was performed in Qom University of Medical Sciences, Iran, from February 2015 to July 2016 which accommodates 250 medical and paramedical students that were selected through systematic random sampling. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10943-018-00749-8
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-018-00749-8DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads

Use of the Spiritual Development Framework in Conducting Spirituality and Health Research with Adolescents.

J Relig Health 2019 Jan 1. Epub 2019 Jan 1.

Capstone College of Nursing, The University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL, USA.

Spirituality is considered a universal phenomenon, but research addressing the spiritual needs of adolescents in the context of health and illness is limited. The aim of this article is to provide a description of how the spiritual development framework (SDF) was used in conducting research with adolescents. An exemplar of a qualitative descriptive study is provided to demonstrate applicability of the SDF. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-018-00752-zDOI Listing
January 2019

My Personal Experience of Orthodox Psychiatry and Alternative Approaches.

Authors:
Ruth Smith

J Relig Health 2018 Dec 20. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

, 35 Channings, 215 Kingsway, Hove, East Sussex, BN34FT, UK.

Ruth Smith's incisive and moving account of her experiences with orthodox psychiatry as delivered by the UK National Health Service sets the scene for this special section. She gives a detailed description of her own twelve years' experience as a Carer to her daughter, diagnosed with psychosis at age 24 years. She explains how they struggled to comply with the psychiatric services and cope with the, often traumatic, treatment provided to them. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-018-00748-9DOI Listing
December 2018

Defining and Operationalizing Chaplain Presence: A Review.

Authors:
Kevin Adams

J Relig Health 2018 Dec 18. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Department of Chaplaincy Services and Pastoral Education, University of Virginia Health System, P.O. Box 800672, Charlottesville, VA, 22908-0672, USA.

Presence is a vaguely defined word often used by chaplains to describe their work with patients, families, and staff. The current literature defines presence as a process of creating a trusting atmosphere for nonjudgmental and compassionate sharing in another's story. Presence has no apparent agenda, much flexibility, and requires emotional vulnerability in the chaplain interactions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-018-00746-xDOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

The Influence of Religiosity on the Emotional-Behavioral Health of Adolescents.

J Relig Health 2018 Dec 18. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Religion is a multidimensional structure. Former studies examined only one or a few dimensions of the religion and the study that has looked comprehensively to the topic was not found. Considering this feature, the impact of religion on the emotional-behavioral health of adolescents should be investigated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-018-00747-wDOI Listing
December 2018

Women's Narratives of Marital and Divorce Issues and Impact on their Health.

J Relig Health 2018 Dec 17. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

School of Sociology and Anthropology, Sun Yat-Sen University, No. 135 Xingang West Road, Guangzhou, 510275, People's Republic of China.

This research is an ethnographic study focused on the women's narratives about their marital and divorce issues and impact on their health. Women's narratives about their issues, starting with deliberating in what way narrative explanation is a beneficial gismo for appreciative and in what way women build and convey their gendered identities through unfolding their stories, are a focus of this study. This as a result enlightened the association between the individual and society, where combined patterns of gendered socialization begin through apparently private interpretations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-018-00741-2DOI Listing
December 2018

Religiosity and Beliefs About the Transmission of Cancer, Chemotherapy, and Radiation Through Physical Contact in Saudi Arabia.

J Relig Health 2019 Feb;58(1):221-235

Department of Psychiatry, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

We examined relationships between religiosity and Saudi cancer patients' beliefs about the spread of cancer, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy through close physical contact. Surveyed were 64 patients seen in university oncology clinics. Assessed were beliefs about the spread of cancer and its treatments, along with religious, demographic, social, psychological, and cancer-related characteristics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-018-00745-yDOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

The Evolution of Spirituality, Religion and Health Publications: Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow.

Authors:
Emre Demir

J Relig Health 2019 Feb;58(1):1-13

Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Medicine, Hitit University, Çorum, Turkey.

This research aims to present a bibliometric analysis of the published documents on spirituality, religion and health. Despite the increasing number of publications spirituality, religion and health research in recent years, there is still little information about the effects of these publications in the literature. "Religion," "spirituality," "spiritual," "health" and "medicine" keywords were used to search the Web of Science (WoS) database. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-018-00739-wDOI Listing
February 2019
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The Impact of Fasting on the Psychological Well-Being of Muslim Graduate Students.

J Relig Health 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Human Sciences, Azadshahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Azadshahr, Golestan Province, Islamic Republic of Iran.

The main objective of this research was to evaluate the impact of fasting on the psychological well-being of Muslim graduate students. In a single-group pretest posttest research design, students who intended to fast in the month of Ramadan were asked to respond to a psychological well-being scale and its subscales before and after the end of fasting month of Ramadan. Findings show that fasting led to the promotion of overall psychological well-being, self-acceptance, autonomy, positive relations, environmental mastery, and personal growth among students who fasted in this month. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-018-00740-3DOI Listing
December 2018

Understanding the Diverse Forms of Spiritual Expression of Older People in Residential Aged Care in Australia.

J Relig Health 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Flinders University, GPO Box 2100, Adelaide, SA, 5001, Australia.

The ability of older people to express their spirituality is an important component of aged care. Spirituality is not specifically religiousness although, for some, religion offers a means for spiritual expression. This paper aimed to explore what constitutes spiritual life for residents in three residential aged care facilities in South Australia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-018-00742-1DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Music as a Medicine for the Soul in Bible and Christian Patristic Tradition.

J Relig Health 2018 Nov 24. Epub 2018 Nov 24.

Department of Internal Medicine, Naval Hospital of Crete, Souda, Chania, Crete, Greece.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-018-0738-4DOI Listing
November 2018

A Data Mining and Data Visualization Approach to Examine the Interrelationships Between Life Satisfaction, Secularization and Religiosity.

J Relig Health 2019 Feb;58(1):271-288

Program of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, St. Mary's University, Halifax, Canada.

Previous studies have suggested a positive relationship between secularization and happiness, as well as a geographical, cultural and development pattern, primarily based on data gathered in Europe and the USA. To gain a more holistic view on the interrelationships between secularization, religiosity and subjective perception of well-being, this study utilized the Wave 6 archival data set (2010-2014) of World Values Survey, which contains 74,042 observations from 60 countries. In this study, the rating of satisfaction with life was treated as the dependent variable. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-018-0737-5DOI Listing
February 2019
8 Reads

Religious Attendance, Healthy Lifestyles, and Perceived Health: A Comparison of Baby Boomers with the Silent Generation.

Authors:
Anyuan Shen

J Relig Health 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

School of Business, State University of New York at New Paltz, New Paltz, USA.

Baby boomers are aging, and their health is an important concern. Research has suggested that (1) aging boomers are more vulnerable to mental and physical health problems than their parents' generation; (2) adoption of healthy lifestyles is critically important for the health of the aging population; and (3) religious attendance, often found to be associated with health-related outcomes, is lower among aging boomers than their parents' generation. In this research, we use a large national dataset to examine (1) whether the baby boom generation lags behind their parents' generation in adoption of healthy lifestyles and perceived health; and (2) if it does, whether the lag might possibly be attributed to lower religious attendance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-018-0736-6DOI Listing
November 2018
8 Reads

The Development and Validation of a Modesty Measure for Diverse Muslim Populations.

J Relig Health 2018 Nov 21. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Section of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.

This paper reports on the multi-phase development of an English-language modesty measure for use among Muslim populations. The process yielded a 10-item measure that has high levels of internal consistency reliability (Cronbach's α of 0.83), and has acceptable discriminant and predictive validity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-018-0734-8DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Spirituality and Religiosity are Associated with Quality of Life in Patients with Lung Disease.

J Relig Health 2018 Nov 21. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Laboratory of Translational Research, Universidade Federal de Ciências da Saúde de Porto Alegre, Sarmento Leite, 245, Building 3, Laboratory: 503 - Fisiologia Translacional, Cidade Baixa, Porto Alegre, 90050-170, Brazil.

Patients were separated into two groups: (1) non-waiting list (NWL) and (2) waiting list (WL) for the lung transplantation. We found greater levels of the faith and spirituality, in those awaiting transplantation. In the NWL group, higher 'meaning' was associated with higher 'vitality,' 'emotional well-being,' and 'mental health'; higher 'peace' was associated with higher 'mental health. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-018-0735-7DOI Listing
November 2018
6 Reads

Cross-Cultural Differences in the Influences of Spiritual and Religious Tendencies on Beliefs in Genetic Determinism and Family Health History Communication: A Teleological Approach.

Authors:
Soo Jung Hong

J Relig Health 2018 Nov 16. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

National University of Singapore, Block AS6, #03-06, 11 Computing Drive, Singapore, 117416, Singapore.

Adopting a teleological approach, this study investigates how beliefs in genetic determinism, intentional spirituality, and religious tendencies are associated with family health history (FHH) communication among European American, Chinese, and Korean college students. The results indicate that intentional spirituality was negatively associated with beliefs in genetic determinism and FHH communication, while beliefs in genetic determinism were positively associated with FHH communication. Intrinsic and extrinsic religiosity and paranormal beliefs showed interesting dynamics with beliefs in genetic determinism and FHH communication. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-018-0729-5DOI Listing
November 2018

Methodology in Research on the Rainbow Body: Anthropological and Psychological Reflections on Death and Dying.

Authors:
Francis V Tiso

J Relig Health 2018 Nov 15. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Catholic Diocese of Isernia-Venafro, Contrada Colle Croce, 86, 86170, Isernia, IS, Italy.

The rainbow body research project, engaging claims of spiritual attainment and personal transformation, enables us to examine key features of anthropological research. Engagement with communities of discourse exposed aspects of the artificial emic-etic divide, allowing the anthropological study of religion to advance methods in religious studies. The study of paranormal phenomena cannot be isolated from societal contextualization. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-018-0733-9DOI Listing
November 2018
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The Reliability and Validity of the Religious Health Fatalism Scale in Turkish Language.

J Relig Health 2018 Nov 14. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Public Health Nursing Department, Faculty of Nursing, Ataturk University, University Campus, 25040, Erzurum, Turkey.

This study aimed to conduct the reliability and validity study of the Religious Health Fatalism Scale in Turkish language. The study carried out in methodological type and consisted of 500 individuals. The basic component analysis was applied to the 17-item scale, and it was decided that the Turkish version of the scale would have one sub-dimension. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10943-018-0731-y
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-018-0731-yDOI Listing
November 2018
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The Effect of Religion Intervention on Life Satisfaction and Depression in Elderly with Heart Failure.

J Relig Health 2018 Nov 12. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Student Research Committee, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.

The elderly suffering from heart failure is facing with some problems such as lowering of life satisfaction and depression. Regarding a lack of information in this issue, the current study was conducted to determine the effect of religion intervention on life satisfaction and depression in the elderly with heart failure, in Ilam-Iran. In a clinical trial study conducted on the elderly with heart failure disease in Ilam-Iran, the patients were randomly allocated into two experimental (46) and control (47) groups. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10943-018-0727-7
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-018-0727-7DOI Listing
November 2018
6 Reads

Spirituality Needs in Chronic Pain Patients: A Cross-Sectional Study in a General Hospital in Malaysia.

J Relig Health 2018 Nov 8. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Department of Anesthesiology, Tengku Ampuan Rahimah Hospital, 41200, Klang, Selangor, Malaysia.

Evidence-based practices that rely upon pain relieving medications and interventional strategies for symptom alleviation in chronic pain survivors have shown modest benefits. The recent emphasis of spiritual care as a new dimension of treatment strategy incorporated within the biopsychosocial model has inspired new hopes to mediate mental and physical health for illness coping. This study aimed to explore the factors associated with spirituality needs among chronic pain patients in a general hospital in Malaysia. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10943-018-0730-z
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-018-0730-zDOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

Religion, Spirits, Human Agents and Healing: A Conceptual Understanding from a Sociocultural Study of Tehuledere Community, Northeastern Ethiopia.

J Relig Health 2018 Nov 7. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

Leslie Dan Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Toronto, 144 College Street, Toronto, ON, M5S 3M2, USA.

This paper explores the relationship among religion, spirits and healing in the Tehuledere community in the northeastern part of Ethiopia and focuses on how this knowledge can inform primary healthcare reform. The study employed qualitative ethnographic methods. Participatory observation, over a total of 5 months during the span of 1 year, was supplemented by focus group discussions (96 participants in 10 groups) and in-depth interviews (n = 20) conducted with key informants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-018-0728-6DOI Listing
November 2018

The Impact of Spiritual Care Education on Anxiety in Family Caregivers of Patients with Heart Failure.

J Relig Health 2018 Nov 7. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

Student Research Committee, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Islamic Republic of Iran.

Heart failure (HF) has been emerging as a general health problem over recent decades. Spiritual care is a type of support service provided to patients suffering from HF. Spiritual care intervention in nursing is a unique aspect of care, which cannot be replaced by psychosocial care. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10943-018-0689-9
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-018-0689-9DOI Listing
November 2018
5 Reads

The Autopsy of the Prophet Muhammad in Dante's Inferno.

J Relig Health 2018 Nov 3. Epub 2018 Nov 3.

Dipartimento di Medicina, Ospedale "San Giovanni di Dio", via Fatebenefratelli, 34, 34170, Gorizia, Italy.

Dante places the sinners who promoted scandals, schism, and discord in the ninth Ditch of the Inferno. Among those is also the Prophet Muhammad. Describing the Prophet's punishment, Dante resorts to technical terms and vulgar expressions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-018-0725-9DOI Listing
November 2018
13 Reads