2,582 results match your criteria Journal of religion and health[Journal]


Dimensions of Religiosity and PTSD Symptom Clusters in US Veterans and Active Duty Military.

J Relig Health 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

School of Sociology, University of Arizona, Social Sciences 400, PO Box 210027, Tucson, AZ, 85721-0027, USA.

We examined multiple dimensions of religiosity and their relationship to the four DSM-5 PTSD symptom clusters among US Veterans and Active Duty Military (ADM), hypothesizing that religiosity would be most strongly inversely related to negative cognitions/emotions (Criterion D symptoms) and less strongly to neurobiologically based symptom clusters (B, C, and E). This cross-sectional multisite study involved 591 Veterans and ADM from across the southern USA. Inclusion criteria were having served in a combat theater and the presence of PTSD symptoms. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10943-019-00817-7
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00817-7DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Effects of Hand Massage and Therapeutic Touch on Comfort and Anxiety Living in a Nursing Home in Turkey: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

J Relig Health 2019 Apr 13. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

Department of Fundamentals Nursing, Ege University Nursing School, 35000, Izmir, Turkey.

This study was carried out to investigate the effects of hand massage and therapeutic touch on comfort and anxiety in the elderly living in nursing homes. The study was designed as a randomized controlled, experimental study (with a pre- and posttest control group). The study population comprised 255 older people aged 65-89 living in a nursing home in Izmir, a province in Turkey. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00813-xDOI Listing

Pilgrim Satisfaction in a Mass Religious Gathering: Study from Sabarimala Destination, Kerala State of India.

J Relig Health 2019 Apr 11. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Geology, University of Kerala, Trivandrum, 695581, Kerala, India.

Identification of basic factors of pilgrim satisfaction is essential to responsive authorities for effective implementation of devotee welfare programmes. The determinants of satisfaction in a particular location are comprised of environmental, economic and sociocultural activities. The Sabarimala hill temple is one of the major Sastha temples in India. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00814-wDOI Listing

The Effect of Religious Belief on the Attitudes of Pregnant's Toward the Fetal Health.

J Relig Health 2019 Apr 10. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Hitit University, Çorum, Turkey.

The purpose of this study is to identify the effect of religious beliefs on the attitudes of pregnant women toward the health of the fetus. Pregnancy, one of the important periods of life, is a special period in terms of affecting both the mother's and the baby's health. Health beliefs and attitudes are the factors that have effects on mother-baby death rates (mortality)-which is one of the most important criteria showing health level of societies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00818-6DOI Listing
April 2019
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Do Perceptions of Spiritual Care Affect Attitudes Towards Care for Dying Patients in a Group of Turkish Nursing Students?

Authors:
Ezgi Karadağ

J Relig Health 2019 Apr 10. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Department of Oncology Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Dokuz Eylul University, Izmir, Turkey.

The present study was designed to determine the relation between attitudes to death and perceptions of spiritual care in nursing students. It is a descriptive study and included 290 fourth-year nursing students (intern students). Data were collected with a descriptive characteristics form, Frommelt Attitude Towards Care of the Dying Instrument and Spirituality and Spiritual Care Rating Scale. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00815-9DOI Listing

Celebrating Sabbath as a Holistic Health Practice: The Transformative Power of a Sanctuary in Time.

J Relig Health 2019 Apr 10. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Holistic Health Studies, St. Catherine University, Minneapolis, MN, USA.

Sabbath-keeping has several holistic health benefits when done for intrinsic reasons. Most research on Sabbath-keeping is about individuals where Sabbath-keeping is customary. This organic inquiry describes how a Sabbath promoted transformation for ten women where Sabbath-keeping was not the norm. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00799-6DOI Listing

The Effect of Music on the Comfort and Anxiety of Older Adults Living in a Nursing Home in Turkey.

J Relig Health 2019 Apr 9. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Department of Fundamentals Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Ege University, 35000, Izmir, Turkey.

The study was designed as a randomized controlled experimental study with a pretest/posttest and a control group. The study sample comprised 56 seniors who resided in a nursing home. The study data were collected using the "Mini-Mental State Examination," "Identification Form," "General Comfort Questionnaire," and "Beck Anxiety Inventory. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00811-zDOI Listing

Happiness, Meaning, and Satisfaction in Life as Perceived by Indian University Students and Their Association with Spirituality.

J Relig Health 2019 Apr 8. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Department of Applied Psychology, Pondicherry University, Puducherry, India.

The present study aims to examine the association between various dimensions of psychological well-being (subjective happiness, satisfaction, and meaning in life), spirituality, and demographic and socioeconomic background of university students. A total of 414 postgraduate students were selected from three different schools, viz. science, management, and social sciences/humanities of Pondicherry University (A Central University), Puducherry, India, following multistage cluster sampling method. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00806-wDOI Listing

Ritualization as Alternative Approach to the Spiritual Dimension of Palliative Care: A Concept Analysis.

J Relig Health 2019 Apr 6. Epub 2019 Apr 6.

Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC, P.O. Box: 2040, 3000 CA, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

The spiritual dimension is considered to be a central component of palliative care. However, healthcare professionals have difficulties incorporating the spiritual dimension into their everyday practice. We propose a new approach by looking beyond the mere functionality of care practices. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00792-zDOI Listing
April 2019
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Rural Residents' Depressive Symptoms and Help-Seeking Preferences: Opportunities for Church-Based Intervention Development.

J Relig Health 2019 Apr 5. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Department of Community Psychology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA.

This study examines rural residents' depressive symptoms, helps seeking preferences and perceptions of a church-based group depression intervention, informing feasibility of adapting evidence-based treatment for delivery in rural churches. A cross-sectional survey was administered to 100 members of 2 churches in a rural Midwestern community; 63 congregants responded. Depression was assessed via the Patient Health Questionnaire-9. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00807-9DOI Listing
April 2019
7 Reads

Religion and Health in Rural Malawi.

Authors:
Jacob Kendall

J Relig Health 2019 Apr 5. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Department of International and Global Studies, Mercer University, 1501 Mercer University Drive, Macon, GA, 31207, USA.

While research has found important links between religion and health, there is a gap in knowledge in sub-Saharan Africa. The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship between religion and health in rural Malawi. After controlling for baseline health, results show that: (1) the relationship differs between younger (15-44 years) and older (45 + years) adults; (2) among younger adults, Muslims are relatively less healthy, whereas Muslims are healthier in older age; (3) religious activities have a stronger relationship with health than do other measures, especially for women; and (4) religious activities have a relationship with health only for two or more activities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00804-yDOI Listing

The Use of Prayer During Life-Threatening Illness: A Connectedness to God, Inner-Self, and Others.

J Relig Health 2019 Apr 4. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Moore and Moore Healthcare Consulting, LLC, Durham, NC, USA.

To explore how prayers were used as expressions of spirituality among community-dwelling African Americans in response to life-threatening illness. Fifty-eight older African American adults residing in the Southeastern US participated in a qualitative descriptive study. Through prayers, participants requested the strength to endure, protection, healing and expressed gratitude. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00809-7DOI Listing

The Effect of Becoming Disabled on the Subjective Well-Being of Religious and Nonreligious People.

Authors:
DaeHwan Kim

J Relig Health 2019 Apr 4. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Dong-A University, Busan, South Korea.

Positive associations between religiosity and subjective well-being (SWB) have been found in a multitude of studies. However, there has been little effort in documenting the role that religion plays in helping people during the onset of adverse circumstances in their lives. This study investigates the effect of religion on the SWB of the disabled. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00808-8DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Religion, Health, and Life Satisfaction: Evidence from Australia.

J Relig Health 2019 Apr 3. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

State University of Maringá, Maringá, Brazil.

In this article, we examine the influence of religion on health and life satisfaction while controlling for an extensive range of demographic characteristics and life conditions-marital satisfaction, job satisfaction, financial stress, and social resources-using data drawn from the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) survey. Our findings suggest that, on average, high levels of faith and attendance at religious services are associated with lower health. In contrast, however, we find no relationship between high levels of faith, attendance, and life satisfaction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00810-0DOI Listing
April 2019
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Is the Physical Environment Associated with Spiritual and Religious Coping in Older Age? Evidence from Brazil.

J Relig Health 2019 Mar 29. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

School of Medicine, Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Luz Interior Street, N° 150, apt 601, Estrela Sul, Juiz de Fora, 36030-776, Brazil.

In this cross-sectional Brazilian survey, we examined associations between aspects of physical environment (PE) and spiritual/religious coping (SRC) behaviors. Our studied sample was 77 nursing homes (NH) and 326 community-dwelling residents (CDRs). Aspects of the PE were measured using the environmental domain of the WHOQOL-BREF. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00796-9DOI Listing

Does Religiosity Predict Blood Donation in Brazil?

J Relig Health 2019 Mar 28. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Department of Social Medicine, Ribeirão Preto Medical School, University of São Paulo - USP, Avenida Bandeirantes 3900, Monte Alegre, Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, CEP 14049-900, Brazil.

The aim of this study was to investigate the association of religiosity with blood donation in a representative/stratified sample of primary healthcare users of Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, Brazil. A cross-sectional study was conducted using the Duke University Religious Index-DUREL (dimensions: organizational, non-organizational, and intrinsic religiosity). Odds ratios adjusted by sex and age were used as measures of association. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00802-0DOI Listing

'I Do Not Exist': Pathologies of Self Among Western Buddhists.

Authors:
Judith Pickering

J Relig Health 2019 Mar 28. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

, Camperdown, Australia.

This paper presents a clinical case involving a patient suffering 'depersonalisation' who had a psychotic episode at a Buddhist retreat. Recent writing on possible psychological risks of meditation has discussed problems of depersonalisation associated with misunderstandings of the Buddhist conception of non-self (anātman) and emptiness (śūnyatā). Drawing on the work of Winnicott and Bion, this article helps us to realise some of what is at stake in the failure to achieve and maintain an effective sense of self. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00794-xDOI Listing

The Effect of Emotional Intelligence on Work-Related Psychological Health Among Anglican Clergy in Wales.

J Relig Health 2019 Mar 28. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Warwick Religions and Education Research Unit, Centre for Education Studies, The University of Warwick, Coventry, CV4 7AL, UK.

This study explores the effect of emotional intelligence (assessed by the Schutte Emotional Intelligence Scale) on work-related psychological health (assessed by the two scales of the Francis Burnout Inventory) among 364 Anglican clergy serving in the Church in Wales (264 clergymen, 93 clergywomen, and 7 who did not disclose their sex). After controlling for personal factors (sex and age) and for personality dimensions (extraversion, neuroticism, and psychoticism), the data suggested that higher levels of emotional intelligence enhanced work-related psychological health both in terms of lowering negative affect (emotional exhaustion in ministry) and in terms of increasing positive affect (satisfaction in ministry). These findings suggest that there may be benefits in professional development programmes designed to develop emotional intelligence among clergy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00798-7DOI Listing
March 2019
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Denver Religious Leaders' Vaccine Attitudes, Practices, and Congregational Experiences.

J Relig Health 2019 Mar 28. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Department of Pediatrics, The University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine, Aurora, CO, USA.

Religious vaccine exemptions are widely available in America and increased in the past decade for unclear reasons. Religious leaders strive to influence their congregants' attitudes and practices. We sought to describe Denver religious leaders' vaccine attitudes, practices, and congregational experiences using a cross-sectional online survey. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00800-2DOI Listing

Determinants of Congregational Attendees' Psychological Outcomes.

J Relig Health 2019 Mar 27. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

School of Social Policy and Practice, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA.

Congregational membership is known to enhance physical and mental health, as well as providing psychological outcomes (subjective well-being and loneliness). However, it is not clear whether these outcomes can be attributed to social resources or personal resources. The study was conducted in Israel among 260 active synagogue members between 18 and 88 years of age (mean = 32. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00803-zDOI Listing

Traditionality, Spirituality and Somatoform Dissociation Symptoms in Chinese Buddhists.

J Relig Health 2019 Mar 27. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Southwest MinZu University, Chengdu, China.

To evaluate the relationship between spiritual experience and hysterical experiences in Buddhist participants in ethnic groups in China, this cross-sectional study recruited 39 participants aged 16-57 years old, and self-administered surveys were administered in two villages, one city and one town by four research assistants in the Inner Mongolia and Qinhai areas. Binary logistic regression analyses were used to evaluate the factors associated with somatoform dissociation symptoms. Surveys were completed by 639 participants (mean age 31 years; 54. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00793-yDOI Listing

Editor's Introduction for Special Section: Mental Health, The Mind and Consciousness-Tibetan and Western Approaches.

Authors:
Curtis W Hart

J Relig Health 2019 Mar 26. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00797-8DOI Listing

Sexual Orientation, Religious Coping, and Drug Use in a Sample of HIV-Infected African-American Men Living in the Southern USA.

J Relig Health 2019 Mar 25. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Duke University, Durham, NC, 27708, USA.

Religiosity and spirituality are associated with reduced drug use in the general population, but it is unclear whether this relationship generalizes to sexual minorities. This study investigated the relationship between religious coping, drug use, and sexual orientation in a sample of HIV-infected African-American men (40 heterosexuals; 64 sexual minorities). Most participants (76%) reported being "moderately" or "very" religious. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00791-0DOI Listing

The Impact of Spirituality and Religiosity on Mental Health and Quality of Life of Patients with Active Crohn's Disease.

J Relig Health 2019 Mar 25. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, Inflammatory Bowel Disease Center, University Hospital, Federal University of Juiz de Fora, University of Juiz de Fora School of Medicine, Maria José Leal Street, 296, CEP 36036-247, Juiz de Fora, MG, Brazil.

We aim to investigate the association among religious/spiritual coping (RSC), quality of life (QOL), and mental health in patients with active Crohn's disease (CD). This cross-sectional study included 102 patients with active CD. Religious and spiritual beliefs were common among patients, being positive RSC higher than negative RSC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00801-1DOI Listing
March 2019
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Introduction to Special Section of Journal of Religion and Health, 'Mental Health, The Mind and Consciousness: Tibetan and Western Approaches'.

J Relig Health 2019 Mar 20. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Department of Religion and Theology, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00795-wDOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Religion Affiliation and Depression Risk: Factory Workers Working in Hi-Tech Companies in Shanghai, China.

J Relig Health 2019 Apr;58(2):490-505

School of Social Work and Public Administration, East China University of Science & Technology, 130 Meilong Road, Shanghai, 200237, China.

This study examines factors contributing to depression among migrant factory workers in Shanghai. A survey was designed with mental health questions under a framework explaining: (1) social capital, (2) migratory stress, and (3) mental health consequences. With a return rate of 98. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00790-1DOI Listing

Developmental Trajectories of Religious Service Attendance: Predictors of Nicotine Dependence and Alcohol Dependence/Abuse in Early Midlife.

J Relig Health 2019 Mar 16. Epub 2019 Mar 16.

Department of Psychiatry, New York University School of Medicine, 215 Lexington Avenue, 15th Floor, New York, NY, 10016, USA.

This longitudinal study assesses the associations between developmental trajectories of religious service attendance from mean age 14 to mean age 43 and nicotine dependence and alcohol dependence/abuse at mean age 43 (N = 548). Six trajectories of religious service attendance were identified. As compared with belonging to weekly stable trajectory group, a higher probability of belonging to the weekly/none decreasing, occasional stable, and non-attendance trajectory group was significantly associated with a higher likelihood of nicotine dependence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00787-wDOI Listing

Bullying Victimization and Use of Substances in High School: Does Religiosity Moderate the Association?

J Relig Health 2019 Mar 13. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, American University of Beirut, PO Box 11-0236, Beirut, 1107 2020, Lebanon.

Alcohol, tobacco and other drug use continue to pose serious public health concerns among youth. Bullying victimization has been identified as a risk factor and religiosity a protective factor for adolescent substance use. No previous research has examined the potential moderating role of religiosity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00789-8DOI Listing

Determination of Compassion Levels of Nurses Working at a University Hospital.

J Relig Health 2019 Mar 7. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Uludag University Faculty of Medicine, Bursa, Turkey.

This study was conducted to determine the compassion levels of nurses working in a university hospital. The study sample consists of 227 nurses who were available and participated in the research voluntarily during the study. The study data were collected by using "Nurse Description Form" and "Compassion Scale (CS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00786-xDOI Listing

Urban Religious Congregations' Responses to Community Substance Use: An Exploratory Study of Four Cases.

J Relig Health 2019 Mar 5. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Bethel African Methodist Episcopal Church, Oxnard, CA, USA.

Faith-based drug treatment programs are common, and many are implemented through congregations; however, little is documented about how congregations conceptualize and implement these programs. We use case study analysis to explore congregational approaches to drug treatment; qualitative findings emerged in three areas: (1) religion's role in congregational responses to substance use, (2) relationships between program participants and the broader congregation, and (3) interactions between congregational programs and the external community. Congregational approaches to drug treatment can be comprehensive, but work is needed to evaluate such efforts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00788-9DOI Listing

Religious and Spiritual Aspects of Disaster Experience Among Survivors of the 9/11 Attacks on New York City's World Trade Center.

J Relig Health 2019 Mar 1. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

The Altshuler Center for Education and Research, Metrocare Services, Dallas, TX, USA.

This study examined religious and spiritual aspects of disaster experience among 379 survivors of the 9/11 attacks on New York City's World Trade Center. Interviews conducted 35 months after the disaster provided structured diagnostic assessments of psychiatric disorders and specific detail of demographic characteristics, experience of the disaster, and variables related to religion and spirituality. The study participants overwhelmingly identified with a specific religion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00785-yDOI Listing

Religious Perfectionism Scale Among Believers of Multiple Faiths in China: Development and Psychometric Analysis.

J Relig Health 2019 Feb 28. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Department of Clinical Psychology, Fuller Theological Seminary, Pasadena, CA, USA.

In China, many people are converting to various world religions. Nonetheless, religious adherence for them, as with many people, can still function as a double-edged sword with regards to mental health. In particular, religious perfection can become either a healthy commitment or a rigid outlook that leads to distress. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00784-zDOI Listing
February 2019

Religiosity and Death Anxiety: A Study of Muslim Dars Attendees.

J Relig Health 2019 Feb 27. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

Department of Physiology, Federal Medical and Dental College, Chak Shehzad, Islamabad, Pakistan.

Dars is usually considered a religious lecture or activity where attendees spend much time in search of Islamic information, which often keeps the attendees away from negative thinking. Religious directions, belief salience, spiritual activities and practices are significant assets for dealing with difficult situations and odds of life. Death anxiety can increase the vulnerability of development of any psychological illness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00783-0DOI Listing
February 2019

'Spirituality' in Health Studies: Competing Spiritualities and the Elevated Status of Mindfulness.

Authors:
Maria Nita

J Relig Health 2019 Feb 26. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Department of Theology and Religion, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK.

The article investigates discourses of 'spirituality' in the field of Health Studies, among scholarly voices and the voices of the practitioners and patients these studies reflect. It examines current trends in contemporary spirituality as well as links with debates involving science, religion and secularisation. The article argues that, in the public domain, 'spirituality' is beginning to denote a collective practice rather than an individual search for meaning. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00773-2DOI Listing
February 2019

The Effect of Spiritual Care on Perceived Stress and Mental Health Among the Elderlies Living in Nursing Home.

J Relig Health 2019 Feb 22. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Shariati Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of spiritual care on the perceived stress and mental health of the elderlies living in nursing home in Isfahan. This is a semi-experimental study with pretest and posttest design with control group. Ninety eligible elderlies living in the nursing home were divided into intervention and control groups through census and random allocation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00782-1DOI Listing
February 2019

rLung, Mind, and Mental Health: The Notion of "Wind" in Tibetan Conceptions of Mind and Mental Illness.

Authors:
Susannah Deane

J Relig Health 2019 Feb 21. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

, Bath, UK.

This article presents an analysis of the way in which rlung ("wind, breath") functions as a mode of explanation for what Western medicine regards as "psychiatric" illness, based on field research on the topic of mental health, illness, and healing conducted within a Tibetan population in Darjeeling, northeast India. The article explores this notion of rlung and its relationship to body and mind, in order to examine its role in the causation and treatment of various forms of "mental illness", before analysing some similarities and differences between rlung-related categories and biomedical classifications of mental illness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00775-0DOI Listing
February 2019

Correction to: Religiosity/Spirituality and Mental Health: A Meta-analysis of Studies from the German-Speaking Area.

J Relig Health 2019 Feb 21. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Department of Social Work, Education, and Diaconia, The Protestant University of Applied Sciences Rhineland-Westphalia-Lippe, Bochum, Germany.

The original version of the article contained an error in the values of Table 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00781-2DOI Listing
February 2019

Correction to: Editorial: After Eight Years.

Authors:
Curtis W Hart

J Relig Health 2019 Apr;58(2):367

Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, USA.

Unfortunately, the editorial was initially published with Dr. Joseph J. Fins article. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00769-yDOI Listing

Unbalanced Flows in the Subtle Body: Tibetan Understandings of Psychiatric Illness and How to Deal With It.

Authors:
Geoffrey Samuel

J Relig Health 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

School of History, Archaeology and Religion, Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK.

Much of what Western medicine classifies as psychiatric illness is understood by Tibetan thought as associated with imbalance of rlung (wind, breath). Rlung has a dual origin in Indian thought, combining elements from Ayurvedic medicine and Tantric Buddhism. Tibetan theories of rlung seem to correspond in significant ways with Western concepts of the autonomic nervous system (ANS), and Western medicine too has associated psychiatric issues with ANS problems. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00774-1DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Does Religious Activity Distinguish the Mortality Experiences of Older Taiwanese? An Analysis Using Eighteen Years of Follow-Up Data.

J Relig Health 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Institute for Ageing, Newcastle University, Newcastle, UK.

This paper extends investigation of religiosity and longevity to Taiwan using a 1989 survey: N = 3849, aged 60+, with 18 years of follow-up. Religious activity is measured as worship and performance of rituals. A Gompertz regression, adjusted and non-adjusted for covariates and mediating factors, shows the hazard of dying is lower for the religiously active versus the non-active. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00778-xDOI Listing
February 2019

Germ-Inating Solutions or Gene-Rating Problems: An Islamic Perspective on Human Germline Gene Editing.

Authors:
Ismail Lala

J Relig Health 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Independent Scholar, University of Oxford, Bolton, UK.

Human germline gene editing (hGGE) poses many questions for the Muslim community. They range from the scientific: is there sufficient evidence that hGGE is better than existing technologies? To the ethical: is the lack of consent an insurmountable hurdle? What is the moral status of the embryo? What effect would hGGE have on societal inequalities? And, most crucially, can hGGE be interdicted on the basis of preventing its ineluctable use in eugenic programming? This paper confronts these issues from a religious perspective basing its judgements and reasoning on traditional sources of Islamic jurisprudence. It concludes that, except in very few instances that must be individual and case-specific, hGGE is not congruent with the tenets of Islam. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00770-5DOI Listing
February 2019

Enhancing Human Cognition Through Vajrayana Practices.

J Relig Health 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Psychology Department, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, National University of Singapore, 9 Arts Link, Block AS4, Level 2, Singapore, 117570, Singapore.

Phenomenological studies suggest the existence of enhanced cognitive states, termed flow or peak experiences, in which specific cognitive processes (e.g., attention, perception) can be dramatically increased for limited durations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00776-zDOI Listing
February 2019

Opinions, Knowledge and Attitudes Concerning "Spirituality, Religiosity and Health" Among Health Graduates in a Spanish University.

J Relig Health 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

University of Seville, Seville, Spain.

This study aims to investigate the opinions, knowledge and attitudes concerning spirituality, religiosity and health among 75 health MSc graduates from a Spanish university. The questionnaire "Religion and Spirituality in Medicine, Perspectives of Physicians" was used. Most students had low levels of religious activities, agreeing that S/R could have a high influence on the health professional-patient relationship (62. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00780-3DOI Listing
February 2019

Emergency Department Patients are Receptive to Prayer-Based Interventions to Reduce Alcohol Use.

J Relig Health 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Center for Policy & Research in Emergency Medicine, Department of Emergency Medicine, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR, USA.

Previous studies show that elements of spirituality, including prayer and religious services, may contribute to reductions in harmful alcohol use. The objective of this study was to assess the acceptability of prayer as a component of emergency department (ED) interventions for risky alcohol use. A 12-question multiple-choice questionnaire was developed, piloted, and refined by the study team. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00779-wDOI Listing
February 2019

The Anatomy of Papal Tiara: A Story About Popes' Contribution and Protection of Anatomists.

J Relig Health 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

2nd Neurosurgery Clinic, "Prof. Dr. N. Oblu Emergency Clinical Hospital", Iasi, Romania.

Beginning with the thirteenth century, the papacy has exerted an important role in the development of anatomy and medical sciences through the protection and support provided to anatomists, who were in most cases the personal physicians of the popes as well. The work is intended to be a lesson of anatomy of Papal tiara, presenting the most important contributing popes, the anatomists-physicians whom they supported and protected and the relations between papacy and medical sciences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00772-3DOI Listing
February 2019

Quality of Life and the Predictive Roles of Religiosity and Spiritual Coping Among Nursing Students: A Multi-country Study.

J Relig Health 2019 Feb 9. Epub 2019 Feb 9.

Oman College of Health Sciences - Dhofar, Salalah City, Dhofar, Sultanate of Oman.

There has been high interest in religious and spirituality practices among college students due to positive benefits to university life. However, no studies have been conducted examining nursing students' religiosity and use of spiritual coping and its impact on their QOL. This cross-sectional, descriptive study measured the QOL and examined the predictive roles of religiosity and spiritual coping among nursing students from four countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00771-4DOI Listing
February 2019

Beyond Good and Evil: Doing Ethics in the Clinic. A Lecture Celebrating 25 Years of the Philip Hallie Lecture, College of Letters, Wesleyan University, November 2, 2018.

Authors:
Joseph J Fins

J Relig Health 2019 Apr;58(2):368-371

The E. William Davis, M.D., Professor of Medical Ethics, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00768-zDOI Listing

The Effect of Spirituality Intervention on the Anxiety Parents of Hospitalized Newborns in a Neonatal Department.

J Relig Health 2019 Feb 4. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

School of Medicine Social, Determinants of Health Research Center, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran.

Admission leads to many problems in the family, one of the most important of which is Stress parents. Therefore, specify The Effect of Religious Intervention on the Anxiety parents of hospitalized newborns in a neonatal department. The study was a semi-experimental study with experimental and control groups and before and after the intervention, Anxiety and care pressure questionnaires were given to parents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-018-00753-yDOI Listing
February 2019

Religiosity and Adolescent Major Depressive Episodes Among 12-17-Year-Olds.

J Relig Health 2019 Jan 31. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Health Promotion and Education Program, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, 45221-0068, USA.

This study examined whether age plays a role in the relationship between religiosity and adolescent major depressive episodes (MDEs). The 2012 National Survey on Drug Use and Health data was examined. Odds ratios were computed to determine if the association between religiosity and MDE differed based on age of adolescent among 12-13-year-olds, 14-15-year-olds, and 16-17-year-olds. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00766-1DOI Listing
January 2019
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Attachment to God and Psychological Adjustment: God's Responses and Our Coping Strategies.

J Relig Health 2019 Jan 30. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Department of Psychology, Auburn University at Montgomery, 210I Goodwyn Hall, Montgomery, AL, 36124, USA.

An outgrowth of research has established an association between attachment to God dimensions and psychosocial indices. There has been a dearth of studies, however, examining variables that mediate these relationships. This study examined three categories of coping strategies (emotion-focused, problem-focused, and dysfunctional) as mediators in the relationship between attachment to God dimensions and psychological adjustment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00765-2DOI Listing
January 2019
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