6,266 results match your criteria Journal of personality and social psychology[Journal]


The empirical structure of narrative identity: The initial Big Three.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Psychology, Monmouth College.

A robust empirical literature suggests that individual differences in the thematic and structural aspects of life narratives are associated with and predictive of psychological well-being. However, 1 limitation of the current field is the multitude of ways of capturing these narrative features, with little attention to overarching dimensions or latent factors of narrative that are responsible for these associations with well-being. In the present study we uncovered a reliable structure that accommodates commonly studied features of life narratives in a large-scale, multi-university collaborative effort. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/pspp0000247
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspp0000247DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Learning what to inhibit: The influence of repeated testing on the encoding of gender and age information.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Psychology & Neuroscience.

Psychological research has devoted considerable attention to the relationship between the multiple category dimensions that can be extracted from faces. In the present studies, we investigated the role of experience and learning on the way the social perceiver deals with multiple category dimensions. Specifically, we tested whether learning which of 2 dimensions is the most relevant to the task at hand influences the encoding and retrieval of both task-relevant and irrelevant dimensions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspa0000162DOI Listing

Understanding contemporary forms of exploitation: Attributions of passion serve to legitimize the poor treatment of workers.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Fuqua School of Business.

The pursuit of passion in one's work is touted in contemporary discourse. Although passion may indeed be beneficial in many ways, we suggest that the modern cultural emphasis may also serve to facilitate the legitimization of unfair and demeaning management practices-a phenomenon we term the legitimization of passion exploitation. Across 7 studies and a meta-analysis, we show that people do in fact deem poor worker treatment (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspi0000190DOI Listing

Signaling when no one is watching: A reputation heuristics account of outrage and punishment in one-shot anonymous interactions.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Sloan School, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Moralistic punishment can confer reputation benefits by signaling trustworthiness to observers. However, why do people punish even when nobody is watching? We argue that people often rely on the heuristic that reputation is typically at stake, such that reputation concerns can shape moralistic outrage and punishment even in one-shot anonymous interactions. We then support this account using data from Amazon Mechanical Turk. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspi0000186DOI Listing

"The longitudinal links of personality traits, values, and well-being and self-esteem: A five-wave study of a nationally representative sample": Correction to Fetvadjiev and He (2018).

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J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Apr 11. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Reports an error in "The longitudinal links of personality traits, values, and well-being and self-esteem: A five-wave study of a nationally representative sample" by Velichko H. Fetvadjiev and Jia He (, Advanced Online Publication, Nov 05, 2018, np). In the article, the stability model is referred to incorrectly as trait-state error model in the abstract, twice in the main body of the article, and in the Table 2 Note. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspp0000246DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Norm-based spontaneous categorization: Cultural norms shape meaning and memory.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Apr 11. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Psychology.

When cultures have different norms for the same situation, does culture affect memory by influencing the weight individuals assign to information or also by affecting the meaning of information itself, influencing memory via categorization? We present 4 experiments showing that, in relying on contrasting cultural norms of reciprocity (Studies 1 and 2) and spiritual purity (Studies 3 and 4), Indians and Americans differ in their interpretation of and memory for identical information. Studies 1 ( = 123) and 3 ( = 78), utilizing cued-recall, and Studies 2 ( = 143) and 4 ( = 79), utilizing multiple-choice incidental-memory tests, show cultural differences in memory and categorization in culturally relevant normative domains. In Studies 1 and 2 Americans, applying their own culture-specific reciprocity norms, were more likely than Indians to interpret gifts given after receiving help as implying reciprocity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspi0000188DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Debriefed but still troubled? About the (in)effectiveness of postexperimental debriefings after ego threat.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Apr 8. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Department of Psychology, Saarland University.

Psychological researchers often use powerful experimental manipulations to temporarily reduce participants' well-being. Postexperimental debriefings are intended to eliminate such detrimental effects. However, experimentally induced beliefs can persevere even when the underlying information is explicitly discredited. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspa0000155DOI Listing

Securing the future: Threat to self-image spurs financial saving intentions.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Apr 8. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Department of Management and Marketing, Faculty of Business, Hong Kong Polytechnic University.

This research examines when and why a threat to self-image influences saving intentions. Data from a set of seven studies, comprising a large-scale survey and 6 experiments, show that when individuals experience a self-image threat, they generate negative expectations about their future. Consequently, these individuals show a greater propensity to save money compared with nonthreatened individuals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspa0000159DOI Listing

The language of well-being: Tracking fluctuations in emotion experience through everyday speech.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Apr 4. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Department of Psychology.

The words that people use have been found to reflect stable psychological traits, but less is known about the extent to which everyday fluctuations in spoken language reflect transient psychological states. We explored within-person associations between spoken words and self-reported state emotion among 185 participants who wore the Electronically Activated Recorder (EAR; an unobtrusive audio recording device) and completed experience sampling reports of their positive and negative emotions 4 times per day for 7 days (1,579 observations). We examined language using the Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count program (LIWC; theoretically created dictionaries) and open-vocabulary themes (clusters of data-driven semantically-related words). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspp0000244DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Agentic narcissism, communal narcissism, and prosociality.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Apr 4. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Department of Psychology, University of Mannheim.

Grandiose narcissism and prosociality are important topics in personality and social psychology, but research on their interplay is lacking. We present a first large-scale, systematic, and multimethod investigation linking the two. In 2 studies (N1 = 688, N2 = 336), we assessed grandiose narcissism comprehensively (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspp0000190DOI Listing

Compassion magnifies third-party punishment.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Apr 4. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Department of Social Psychology, Ulm University.

The last decades of research have provided overwhelming evidence that compassion fosters a vast range of behaviors toward reducing suffering of others. In this regard, compassion has been described as a prosocial tendency par excellence, fostering helping behavior across a variety of social situations. With the present contribution, we apply a differentiated perspective on compassion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspi0000165DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Polygenic score for educational attainment captures DNA variants shared between personality traits and educational achievement.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Mar 28. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

MRC Social, Genetic, and Developmental Psychiatry Centre.

Genome-wide polygenic scores (GPS) can be used to predict individual genetic risk and resilience. For example, a GPS for years of education () explains substantial variance in cognitive traits such as general cognitive ability and educational achievement. Personality traits are also known to contribute to individual differences in educational achievement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspp0000241DOI Listing

Kids becoming less alike: A behavioral genetic analysis of developmental increases in personality variance from childhood to adolescence.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Mar 28. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Department of Psychology, Population Research Center, University of Texas at Austin.

Recent work in personality development has indicated that the magnitude of individual differences in personality increases over child development. Do such patterns reflect the differentiation of individuals by genotype, an increasing influence of environmental factors, or some (interactive) combination of the two? Using a population-based sample of over 2,500 twins and multiples from the Texas Twin Project, we estimated age trends in the variances in self- and parent-reported measures of the Big Five personality traits between Ages 8 and 18 years. We then estimated age trends in the genetic and environmental components of variance in each measure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspp0000194DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

True to which self? Lay rationalism and decision satisfaction in self-control conflicts.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Mar 28. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Department of Economics, University of Zurich.

Are people more satisfied with decisions to resist or to indulge temptation? We propose that the effect of restraint versus indulgence on decision satisfaction depends on individual differences in lay rationalism, that is, reliance on reason versus feelings to guide decisions. Across 2 pilot studies and 9 main studies (N = 3,264) with different methodologies and various self-control domains, we found consistent evidence that individuals experience higher satisfaction with restraint the more they rely on reason than on feelings. The proposed effect uniquely concerns individual differences in lay rationalism and is independent from individual differences in trait self-control. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspp0000242DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

When mere action versus inaction leads to robust preference change.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Mar 28. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Behavioral Science Institute, Radboud University.

Understanding the formation and modification of preferences is important for explaining human behavior across many domains. Here we examined when and how preferences for food items can be changed by linking mere action versus inaction to these items. In 7 preregistered experiments, participants were trained to consistently respond to certain food items (go items) and not respond to other items (no-go items) in a go/no-go training. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspa0000158DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

The role of effortful control in the development of ADHD, ODD, and CD symptoms.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Mar 28. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Department of Psychology, University of California, Davis.

Many adolescents have difficulty regulating their impulses and become prone to externalizing problems (e.g., attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder [ADHD], oppositional defiant disorder [ODD], and conduct disorder [CD]) and other adverse consequences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspp0000243DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Targeted identity-safety interventions cause lasting reductions in discipline citations among negatively stereotyped boys.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Mar 28. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Department of Psychology.

High rates of discipline citations predict adverse life outcomes, a harm disproportionately borne by Black and Latino boys. We hypothesized that these citations arise in part from negative cycles of interaction between students and teachers, which unfold in contexts of social stereotypes. Can targeted interventions to facilitate identity safety-a sense of belonging, inclusion, and growth-for students help? Experiment 1 combined , and delivered in several class sessions in 2 middle schools with a large Latino population ( = 669). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspa0000152DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Enjoy it again: Repeat experiences are less repetitive than people think.

Authors:
Ed O'Brien

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Apr;116(4):519-540

University of Chicago.

What would it be like to revisit a museum, restaurant, or city you just visited? To rewatch a movie you just watched? To replay a game you just played? People often have opportunities to repeat hedonic activities. Seven studies (total N = 3,356) suggest that such opportunities may be undervalued: Many repeat experiences are not as dull as they appear. Studies 1-3 documented the basic effect. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/pspa0000147
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspa0000147DOI Listing
April 2019
4 Reads

Beyond attractiveness: A multimethod approach to study enhancement in self-recognition on the Big Two personality dimensions.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Mar 21. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Department of Social Psychology, University of Basel.

Self-enhancement refers to the phenomenon that individuals tend to have unrealistically positive self-views. Traditional measures of self-enhancement typically imply self-evaluations and reference values, such as evaluations by others or evaluations of the average other. Comparing individuals' self-evaluations with such reference values, however, bears risks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspa0000157DOI Listing

Twice-told tales: Self-repetition decreases observer assessments of performer authenticity.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Mar 21. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Department of Marketing.

People often engage in self-repetition-repeating the same story, joke, or presentation across different audiences. While behaving consistently has generally been found to enhance perceptions of authenticity, 10 studies demonstrate that performers who are revealed to be self-repeating are perceived as less authentic. We find convergent evidence that this effect is driven by observers' implicit assumption that social interactions are unique. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspi0000183DOI Listing

The preference for distributed helping.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Mar 18. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Haas School of Business.

Whether deciding how to distribute donations to online requesters or divide tutoring time among students, helpers must often determine how to allocate aid across multiple individuals in need. This paper investigates the psychology underlying helpers' allocation strategies and tests preferences between two types of allocations: distribution (allocating help to multiple requesters) and concentration (allocating help to a single requester). Six main experiments and three follow-up experiments ( = 3,016) show a general preference for distributing help, because distribution feels procedurally fairer than concentration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspi0000179DOI Listing

Understanding the process of moralization: How eating meat becomes a moral issue.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Mar 14. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Department of Psychology.

A large literature demonstrates that moral convictions guide many of our thoughts, behaviors, and social interactions. Yet, we know little about how these moral convictions come to exist. In the present research we explore -the process by which something that was morally neutral takes on moral properties-examining what factors facilitate and deter it. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspa0000149DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

On the updating of spontaneous impressions.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Mar 14. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Department of Psychology, Lehigh University.

A large body of work has shown that perceivers form spontaneous inferences about others' characteristics (e.g., mean, bad) as soon as they observe their behaviors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspa0000156DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Why are well-adjusted people seen more accurately? The role of personality-behavior congruence in naturalistic social settings.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Mar 14. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Department of Psychology, University of Tennessee at Chattanooga.

Expressive accuracy, being viewed in line with one's unique, distinctive personality traits, is emerging as an important individual difference that is strongly linked to psychological well-being. Yet little is known about what underlies expressive accuracy and its associations with well-being. The current studies examined whether personality-behavior congruence, the tendency to behave in line with one's distinctive personality trait profile, contributes to the links between well-being and expressive accuracy with new acquaintances (Unique perceiver-target pairs: Study 1: N = 437; Study 2: N = 874), by assessing congruence in naturalistic situations, including in a series of getting-acquainted interactions (Study 1; Ntargets = 77; Mdn Interactions: 7) and social situations in daily life over a 2-week period (Study 2; Ntargets = 146; MdnAssessments: 49). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspp0000193DOI Listing
March 2019
6 Reads

Who shines most among the brightest?: A 25-year longitudinal study of elite STEM graduate students.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Mar 14. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Department of Psychology and Human Development.

In 1992, the Study of Mathematically Precocious Youth (SMPY) surveyed 714 first- and second-year graduate students (48.5% female) attending U.S. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/pspp0000239
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspp0000239DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

Different physiological reactions when observing lies versus truths: Initial evidence and an intervention to enhance accuracy.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Mar 14. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Haas School of Business.

Humans consistently face the challenge of discerning liars from truth-tellers. Hundreds of studies in which observers judge the veracity of laboratory-created lies and truths suggest that this is a difficult task; in this context, lie-detection accuracy is notoriously poor. Challenging these findings and traditional methodologies in lie-detection research, we draw upon the somatic marker hypothesis and research on interoception to find that: (a) people experience physiological reactions indicating increased sympathetic arousal while observing real, high-stakes lies (vs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspi0000175DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Growing STEM: Perceived faculty mindset as an indicator of communal affordances in STEM.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Mar 14. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Department of Psychology, Miami University.

As students explore science and engineering fields, they receive messages about what competencies are required in a particular field, as well as whether they can reach their goals by entering the field. Faculty members convey information both about whether students might have the ability to succeed in a particular field and also whether students might want to succeed in a particular field-is this career one that serves the values or goals of the student? We hypothesize a novel pathway through which growth versus fixed mindset messages communicated by faculty affect students. Specifically, we explore whether emphasizing the potential for growth, rather than emphasizing fixed abilities, can indicate to students that science, technology, engineering, or math (STEM) fields offer opportunities to fulfill their goals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspa0000154DOI Listing

Mass shootings and the salience of guns as means of compensation for thwarted goals.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 May 11;116(5):704-723. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

Department of Psychology, University of Maryland College Park.

Between 2016 and 2017, Americans suffered 3 of the deadliest mass shootings in modern history by a lone gunman: the Orlando nightclub shooting, the Las Vegas strip shooting, and the Texas church shooting. We studied American gun owners in the wakes of these tragedies, theorizing that a byproduct of the salience of mass shootings is to increase the salience of guns as means of individual empowerment and significance. We hypothesized that this increase in salience would be especially relevant in the context of thwarted goals, because such individuals may be seeking a compensatory means to interact more effectively with their environment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspa0000150DOI Listing

Drawing the diversity line: Numerical thresholds of diversity vary by group status.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Mar 11. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

Department of Management & Organizations, Anderson School of Management, University of California, Los Angeles.

This research estimates the points of relative group representation at which members of dominant and nondominant groups declare an organization to be diverse. Across 7 studies, members of dominant groups, relative to members of nondominant groups, reported that diversity was achieved at lower representations of the nondominant group within an organization. This was explained by the dominant group members' relative opposition to using the equal representation of groups as a standard against which to judge diversity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspi0000182DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Self-presentation in interracial settings: The competence downshift by White liberals.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Mar 7. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Department of Psychology.

Most Whites, particularly sociopolitical liberals, now endorse racial equality. Archival and experimental research reveals a subtle but persistent ironic consequence: White liberals self-present less competence to minorities than to other Whites-that is, they patronize minorities stereotyped as lower status and less competent. In an initial archival demonstration of the competence downshift, Study 1 examined the content of White Republican and Democratic presidential candidates' campaign speeches. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/pspi0000166
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspi0000166DOI Listing
March 2019
6 Reads

Personality change: Longitudinal self-other agreement and convergence with retrospective-reports.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Mar 7. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Department of Psychological & Brain Sciences.

The research literature on personality development is based mostly on self-report studies and on samples in younger adulthood. The present multimethod study examines self-other agreement on longitudinal personality change and convergence between self- and informant-reports of longitudinal and retrospective personality change in older adulthood. It provides a rare validation test of longitudinal measurements of personality change. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspp0000238DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Pain offset reduces rumination in response to evoked anger and sadness.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Mar 7. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Melbourne School of Psychological Sciences.

Four studies examined whether pain offset reduces rumination in response to anger or sadness. Past research has demonstrated that, following the offset of pain, individuals show a distinct state of relief involving both reduction in negative affect and an increase in positive affect. This response may help to explain why people sometimes seek out pain and discomfort (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspp0000240DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Reducing discrimination: A bias versus noise perspective.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Mar 7. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Department of Psychological & Brain Sciences.

Discrimination can occur when people fail to focus on outcome-relevant information and incorporate irrelevant demographic information into decision-making. The magnitude of discrimination then depends on (a) how many errors are made in judgment and (b) the degree to which errors disproportionately favor one group over another. As a result, discrimination can be reduced through two routes: reducing noise-lessening the total number of errors but not changing the proportion of remaining errors that favor one group-or reducing bias-lessening the proportion of errors that favor one group but not changing the total number of errors made. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspa0000153DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Attitude change via repeated evaluative pairings versus evaluative statements: Shared and unique features.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 May 4;116(5):681-703. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

Department of Psychology, Harvard University.

When tested immediately, evaluative statements (ES; verbal information about upcoming categories and their positive/negative attributes) surprisingly shift implicit (IAT) attitudes more effectively than repeated evaluative pairings (REP; actual pairing of category members with positive/negative attributes). The present project (total N = 5,317) explored the shared and unique features of these two attitude change modalities by probing (a) commonalities visible in the extent to which propositional inferences created by ES infiltrate REP learning and (b) differences visible in performance of ES and REP learning over time. In REP, the number of stimulus pairings (varied parametrically from 4 to 24) produced no effect (Study 1), but verbally describing stimulus pairings as diagnostic versus nondiagnostic did modulate learning (Study 2), suggesting that even REP give rise to some form of propositional representation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspa0000151DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

"The face of STEM: Racial phenotypic stereotypicality predicts stem persistence by-and ability attributions about-students of color": Correction to Williams, George-Jones, and Hebl (2018).

Authors:

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 03;116(3):443

Reports an error in "The face of STEM: Racial phenotypic stereotypicality predicts STEM persistence by-and ability attributions about-students of color" by Melissa J. Williams, Julia George-Jones and Mikki Hebl (, Advanced Online Publication, Oct 15, 2018, np). In the article "The Face of STEM: Racial Phenotypic Stereotypicality Predicts STEM Persistence by-and Ability Attributions About-Students of Color" by Melissa J. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/pspi0000185
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspi0000185DOI Listing
March 2019
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"Is overconfidence a social liability? The effect of verbal versus nonverbal Expressions of confidence": Correction to Tenney et al. (2018).

Authors:

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 03;116(3):415

Reports an error in "Is overconfidence a social liability? The effect of verbal versus nonverbal expressions of confidence" by Elizabeth R. Tenney, Nathan L. Meikle, David Hunsaker, Don A. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspi0000184DOI Listing

Updating implicit impressions: New evidence on intentionality and the affect misattribution procedure.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Mar;116(3):349-374

Department of Psychology, Cornell University.

Recent work has shown that implicit first impressions of other people can be rapidly updated when new information about them is highly diagnostic or provides a reinterpretation of the basis of prior belief. The Affect Misattribution Procedure (AMP; Payne, Cheng, Govorun, & Stewart, 2005) is one prominent implicit measure that has been widely used in this and other work. However, the status of the AMP as a measure of unintentional responding has been a matter of debate, which necessarily also raises questions about the "implicitness" of the updated responses within recent person impression research. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspa0000146DOI Listing

The malleable morality of conspicuous consumption.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Marketing, S.C. Johnson Graduate School of Management, Cornell University.

Conspicuous consumption has often been decried as immoral by many philosophers and scholars, yet it is ubiquitous and widely embraced. This research sheds light on the apparent paradox by proposing that the perceived morality of conspicuous consumption is malleable, contingent upon how different moral lenses highlight the different characteristics embedded in the behavior. Utilizing the Moral Foundations Theory, we demonstrate that the individualizing values (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspp0000237DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

When a good god makes bad people: Testing a theory of religion and immorality.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Psychology and Neuroscience.

When might religious belief lower ethical standards? We propose a theory of religion and immorality that makes 3 central predictions. First, people will judge immoral acts as more permissible when they make divine attributions for these acts, seeing them as enabled by an intervening God. Second, people will be more likely to make divine attributions when evaluating passive immorality (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspp0000206DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Empathetic collective angst predicts perpetrator group members' support for the empowerment of the victimized group.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Psychology.

Although victimized groups have a need to recover diminished power, perpetrator groups are often reluctant to support actions that may undermine their own systemic advantages. We hypothesized that perpetrator group members' experience of empathetic collective angst-a group-based emotion focused on concern for the future vitality of an outgroup-mediates the relation between the perception of threat to the future of the victimized group and support for policies that may satisfy the group's empowerment. Across 5 studies and 3 distinct intergroup contexts (victimization of Aboriginal Canadians by non-Aboriginal Canadians, Native Americans by non-Native Americans, and French Canadians by Anglophone Canadians), we showed that perpetrator group members who perceive (Study 1) or are manipulated to perceive (Studies 2-5) that the victimized group is under existential threat (vs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspi0000176DOI Listing
February 2019

Creative expertise is associated with transcending the here and now.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Apr 4;116(4):483-494. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Department of Psychology, Princeton University.

Human imagination is bounded. As situations become more distant in time, place, perspective, and likelihood, they also become more difficult to simulate. What underlies the ability to successfully engage in distal simulations? Here we examine the psychological and neural mechanisms underlying distal simulation by studying individuals known for transcending these limits: creative experts. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/pspa0000148
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspa0000148DOI Listing
April 2019
6 Reads

To die for a cause but not for a companion: Attachment-related variations in the terror management function of self-sacrifice.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Feb 4. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Department of Psychology,.

In 8 studies, we examined the terror management function of self-sacrifice and the moderating role of attachment orientations. Studies 1-5 focused on readiness to self-sacrifice for a cause, whereas Studies 6-8 focused on self-sacrifice to save a relationship partner's life. In Studies 1-3 and 6, we examined whether mortality salience increases readiness to self-sacrifice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspi0000172DOI Listing
February 2019

Does personality become more stable with age? Disentangling state and trait effects for the big five across the life span using local structural equation modeling.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Apr 4;116(4):666-680. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Department of Educational Measurement.

The cumulative continuity principle of personality proposes a steady increase in Big Five trait stability across the adult life span. However, empirical support for this theoretical notion is still limited. Furthermore, the classical approach of using retest correlations might not be fully capable of illustrating the full picture of personality stability (Hertzog & Nesselroade, 1987). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspp0000203DOI Listing

Saying "thank you": Partners' expressions of gratitude protect relationship satisfaction and commitment from the harmful effects of attachment insecurity.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Jan 31. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Department of Psychology.

Five studies examined whether receiving gratitude expressions from a romantic partner can buffer insecurely attached individuals from experiencing low relationship satisfaction and commitment. In Study 1, the negative associations between attachment avoidance and both satisfaction and commitment were weaker among individuals who perceived that their partner expressed gratitude more frequently. The same pattern was found with attachment anxiety and satisfaction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspi0000178DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Creativity and romantic passion.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Jan 28. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Department of Psychology, Goldsmiths, University of London.

Romantic passion typically declines over time, but a downward trajectory is not inevitable. Across 3 studies (1 of which encompassed 2 substudies), we investigated whether creativity helps bolster romantic passion in established relationships. Studies 1A and 1B revealed that people with highly creative personalities report not only greater overall passion but also an attenuation in the tendency for passion to decline as relationship duration increases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspi0000162DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Longitudinal associations between trait neuroticism and negative daily experiences in adolescence.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Jan 24. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Department of Developmental Psychology, Tilburg University.

It is well established that trait neuroticism bears strong links with negative affect and interpersonal problems. The goal of this study was to examine the longitudinal associations between neuroticism and daily experiences of negative affect and interpersonal problems during the developmentally important period of adolescence. Dutch adolescents and their best friends (N = 1,046) completed up to 6 yearly personality trait questionnaires and up to 15 between-year assessment bursts between the ages 13 and 18. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspp0000233DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Happy fish in little ponds: Testing a reference group model of achievement and emotion.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Jan 21. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Department of Psychology.

A theoretical model linking achievement and emotions is proposed. The model posits that individual achievement promotes positive achievement emotions and reduces negative achievement emotions. In contrast, group-level achievement is thought to reduce individuals' positive emotions and increase their negative emotions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspp0000230DOI Listing
January 2019

The impact of art: Exploring the social-psychological pathways that connect audiences to live performances.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Jan 21. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Department of Social Psychology, University of Groningen.

Group growth is of fundamental importance to understanding social influence. How do passive bystanders become psychologically involved when observing a small group of actors? Our hypothesis was that the kind of solidarity displayed by the group shapes the bonds that emerge with an audience. We studied audience responses to modern dance performances and conducted 2 field experiments and 1 lab experiment (N = 263, 363, and 147). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspi0000159DOI Listing
January 2019

When individual goal pursuit turns competitive: How we sabotage and coast.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Jan 21. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Department of Marketing and Behavioral Science, Guanghua School of Management, Peking University.

People working toward individual goals often find themselves surrounded by others who are pursuing similar goals, such as at school, in fitness classes, and through goal-oriented network devices like Fitbit. This research explores when these individual goal pursuits can turn into competitions, why it happens, and the downstream consequences of this pseudocompetition on goal pursuers. We found that people were more likely to treat their goal pursuit as a competition when they were near the end (vs. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/pspi0000170
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspi0000170DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads