6,228 results match your criteria Journal of personality and social psychology[Journal]


The malleable morality of conspicuous consumption.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Marketing, S.C. Johnson Graduate School of Management, Cornell University.

Conspicuous consumption has often been decried as immoral by many philosophers and scholars, yet it is ubiquitous and widely embraced. This research sheds light on the apparent paradox by proposing that the perceived morality of conspicuous consumption is malleable, contingent upon how different moral lenses highlight the different characteristics embedded in the behavior. Utilizing the Moral Foundations Theory, we demonstrate that the individualizing values (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspp0000237DOI Listing
February 2019

When a good god makes bad people: Testing a theory of religion and immorality.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Psychology and Neuroscience.

When might religious belief lower ethical standards? We propose a theory of religion and immorality that makes 3 central predictions. First, people will judge immoral acts as more permissible when they make divine attributions for these acts, seeing them as enabled by an intervening God. Second, people will be more likely to make divine attributions when evaluating passive immorality (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspp0000206DOI Listing
February 2019

Empathetic collective angst predicts perpetrator group members' support for the empowerment of the victimized group.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Psychology.

Although victimized groups have a need to recover diminished power, perpetrator groups are often reluctant to support actions that may undermine their own systemic advantages. We hypothesized that perpetrator group members' experience of empathetic collective angst-a group-based emotion focused on concern for the future vitality of an outgroup-mediates the relation between the perception of threat to the future of the victimized group and support for policies that may satisfy the group's empowerment. Across 5 studies and 3 distinct intergroup contexts (victimization of Aboriginal Canadians by non-Aboriginal Canadians, Native Americans by non-Native Americans, and French Canadians by Anglophone Canadians), we showed that perpetrator group members who perceive (Study 1) or are manipulated to perceive (Studies 2-5) that the victimized group is under existential threat (vs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspi0000176DOI Listing
February 2019

Creative expertise is associated with transcending the here and now.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Feb 4. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Department of Psychology, Princeton University.

Human imagination is bounded. As situations become more distant in time, place, perspective, and likelihood, they also become more difficult to simulate. What underlies the ability to successfully engage in distal simulations? Here we examine the psychological and neural mechanisms underlying distal simulation by studying individuals known for transcending these limits: creative experts. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/pspa0000148
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspa0000148DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

To die for a cause but not for a companion: Attachment-related variations in the terror management function of self-sacrifice.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Feb 4. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Department of Psychology,.

In 8 studies, we examined the terror management function of self-sacrifice and the moderating role of attachment orientations. Studies 1-5 focused on readiness to self-sacrifice for a cause, whereas Studies 6-8 focused on self-sacrifice to save a relationship partner's life. In Studies 1-3 and 6, we examined whether mortality salience increases readiness to self-sacrifice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspi0000172DOI Listing
February 2019

Does personality become more stable with age? Disentangling state and trait effects for the big five across the life span using local structural equation modeling.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Feb 4. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Department of Educational Measurement.

The cumulative continuity principle of personality proposes a steady increase in Big Five trait stability across the adult life span. However, empirical support for this theoretical notion is still limited. Furthermore, the classical approach of using retest correlations might not be fully capable of illustrating the full picture of personality stability (Hertzog & Nesselroade, 1987). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspp0000203DOI Listing
February 2019

Saying "thank you": Partners' expressions of gratitude protect relationship satisfaction and commitment from the harmful effects of attachment insecurity.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Jan 31. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Department of Psychology.

Five studies examined whether receiving gratitude expressions from a romantic partner can buffer insecurely attached individuals from experiencing low relationship satisfaction and commitment. In Study 1, the negative associations between attachment avoidance and both satisfaction and commitment were weaker among individuals who perceived that their partner expressed gratitude more frequently. The same pattern was found with attachment anxiety and satisfaction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspi0000178DOI Listing
January 2019

Creativity and romantic passion.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Jan 28. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Department of Psychology, Goldsmiths, University of London.

Romantic passion typically declines over time, but a downward trajectory is not inevitable. Across 3 studies (1 of which encompassed 2 substudies), we investigated whether creativity helps bolster romantic passion in established relationships. Studies 1A and 1B revealed that people with highly creative personalities report not only greater overall passion but also an attenuation in the tendency for passion to decline as relationship duration increases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspi0000162DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Longitudinal associations between trait neuroticism and negative daily experiences in adolescence.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Jan 24. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Department of Developmental Psychology, Tilburg University.

It is well established that trait neuroticism bears strong links with negative affect and interpersonal problems. The goal of this study was to examine the longitudinal associations between neuroticism and daily experiences of negative affect and interpersonal problems during the developmentally important period of adolescence. Dutch adolescents and their best friends (N = 1,046) completed up to 6 yearly personality trait questionnaires and up to 15 between-year assessment bursts between the ages 13 and 18. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspp0000233DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Happy fish in little ponds: Testing a reference group model of achievement and emotion.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Jan 21. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Department of Psychology.

A theoretical model linking achievement and emotions is proposed. The model posits that individual achievement promotes positive achievement emotions and reduces negative achievement emotions. In contrast, group-level achievement is thought to reduce individuals' positive emotions and increase their negative emotions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspp0000230DOI Listing
January 2019

The impact of art: Exploring the social-psychological pathways that connect audiences to live performances.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Jan 21. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Department of Social Psychology, University of Groningen.

Group growth is of fundamental importance to understanding social influence. How do passive bystanders become psychologically involved when observing a small group of actors? Our hypothesis was that the kind of solidarity displayed by the group shapes the bonds that emerge with an audience. We studied audience responses to modern dance performances and conducted 2 field experiments and 1 lab experiment (N = 263, 363, and 147). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspi0000159DOI Listing
January 2019

When individual goal pursuit turns competitive: How we sabotage and coast.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Jan 21. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Department of Marketing and Behavioral Science, Guanghua School of Management, Peking University.

People working toward individual goals often find themselves surrounded by others who are pursuing similar goals, such as at school, in fitness classes, and through goal-oriented network devices like Fitbit. This research explores when these individual goal pursuits can turn into competitions, why it happens, and the downstream consequences of this pseudocompetition on goal pursuers. We found that people were more likely to treat their goal pursuit as a competition when they were near the end (vs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspi0000170DOI Listing
January 2019

Anti-immigrant prejudice: Understanding the roles of (perceived) values and value dissimilarity.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Jan 21. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Department of Psychology, University of Bath.

Although human values and value dissimilarity play pivotal roles in the prejudice literature, there remain important gaps in our understanding. To address these gaps, we recruited three British samples (N = 350) and presented Muslim immigrants, refugees, and economic migrants as target groups. Using polynomial regression analyses, we simultaneously tested effects of individuals' own values, their perceptions of immigrant values, and self-immigrant value dissimilarities on prejudice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspi0000177DOI Listing
January 2019

Nostalgia and well-being in daily life: An ecological validity perspective.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Jan 21. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Department of Psychology, University of Southern California.

Nostalgia is a mixed emotion. Recent empirical research, however, has highlighted positive effects of nostalgia, suggesting it is a predominantly positive emotion. When measured as an individual difference, nostalgia-prone individuals report greater meaning in life and approach temperament. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspp0000236DOI Listing
January 2019

Meaning is about mattering: Evaluating coherence, purpose, and existential mattering as precursors of meaning in life judgments.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Jan 7. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

School of Psychology, University of Sussex.

When people judge their lives as meaningful, what is this judgment about? Drawing on recent tripartite theoretical accounts of meaning in life (MIL), we tested the separate contributions of coherence (or comprehension), purpose, and existential mattering (or significance) as potential precursors of people's self-reported evaluations of MIL. In Study 1 (N = 314 social media users), we developed brief acquiescence-free measures of these constructs, confirming that sense of coherence, purpose, mattering, and MIL judgments were distinct from each other and from related constructs (sense of control, belonging, self-esteem, self-competence, mood). In Study 2 (N = 168 students) and Study 3 (N = 442 Prolific Academic respondents; preregistered), we collected longitudinal data to test temporal relationships between coherence, purpose, mattering, and MIL judgments over a 1-month time lag. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/pspp0000225
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspp0000225DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads

Developmental structure of personality and interests: A four-wave, 8-year longitudinal study.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Jan 7. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Department of Psychology and Department of Educational Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

Personality traits and vocational interests capture different aspects of human individuality that intersect in certain ways. In this longitudinal study, we examined developmental relations between the Big 5 traits and RIASEC vocational interests over 4 timepoints from late adolescence to young adulthood (age 16-24) in a sample of Icelandic youth (N = 485) well-representative of the total student population. Results showed that interests and personality traits were similarly stable over time, but showed different patterns of mean-level change. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspp0000228DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Beyond harmfulness and impurity: Moral wrongness as a violation of relational motivations.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Jan 7. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Department of Psychology, Bahçeşehir University.

Building on Rai and Fiske's (2011) Relationship Regulation Theory, we argue that violation of relational motives will predict the perception of the moral wrongness of moral transgressions better than violation of harmlessness or purity. We also argue that "metarelational threat" plays an important role in determining the degree of moral wrongness of a particular act. To test our propositions, we conducted 6 studies, 3 with Turkish and American respondents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspi0000169DOI Listing
January 2019

When there's a will, there's a way: Disentangling the effects of goals and means in emotion regulation.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Jan 7. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Department of Psychology.

Emotion regulation involves activating an emotion goal (e.g., decrease negative emotions) and using an emotion regulation strategy (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspp0000232DOI Listing
January 2019

Why so serious? A laboratory and field investigation of the link between morality and humor.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Jan 7. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Department of Organizational Behavior, INSEAD.

Previous research has identified many positive outcomes resulting from a deeply held moral identity, while overlooking potential negative social consequences for the moral individual. Drawing from Benign Violation Theory, we explore the tension between moral identity and humor, and the downstream workplace consequence of such tension. Consistent with our hypotheses, compared with participants in the control condition, participants whose moral identities were situationally activated (Study 1a) or chronically accessible (Study 1b) were less likely to appreciate humor and generate jokes others found funny (Study 2), especially humor that involved benign moral violations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspi0000171DOI Listing
January 2019

Relational mobility and cultural differences in analytic and holistic thinking.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Jan 7. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Organizational Behavior Department, Kenan-Flagler Business School, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

We hypothesized that individuals in cultures typified by lower levels of relational mobility would tend to show more attention to the surrounding social and physical context (i.e., holistic vs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspa0000142DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Making social neuroscience less WEIRD: Using fNIRS to measure neural signatures of persuasive influence in a Middle East participant sample.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Jan 7. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Department of Psychology, University of California - Los Angeles.

The large majority of social neuroscience research uses WEIRD populations-participants from Western, educated, industrialized, rich, and democratic locations. This makes it difficult to claim whether neuropsychological functions are universal or culture specific. In this study, we demonstrate one approach to addressing the imbalance by using portable neuroscience equipment in a study of persuasion conducted in Jordan with an Arabic-speaking sample. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/pspa0000144
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspa0000144DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Perceiving happiness in an intergroup context: The role of race and attention to the eyes in differentiating between true and false smiles.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Jan 7. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin-Madison.

The present research comprises six experiments that investigated racial biases in the perception of positive emotional expressions. In an initial study, we demonstrated that White participants distinguished more in their happiness ratings of Duchenne ("true") and non-Duchenne ("false") smiles on White compared with Black faces (Experiment 1). In a subsequent study we replicated this effect using a different set of stimuli and non-Black participants (Experiment 2). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspa0000139DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

The healthy personality from a basic trait perspective.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Jan 7. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Department of Psychology, Michigan State University.

What basic personality traits characterize the psychologically healthy individual? The purpose of this article was to address this question by generating an expert-consensus model of the healthy person in the context of the 30 facets (and 5 domains) of the Revised NEO Personality Inventory (Costa & McCrae, 1992) system of traits. In a first set of studies, we found that the healthy personality can be described, with a high level of agreement, in terms of the 30 facets of the NEO-PI-R. High levels of openness to feelings, positive emotions, and straightforwardness, together with low levels on facets of neuroticism, were particularly indicative of healthy personality functioning. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspp0000231DOI Listing
January 2019

When and why people misestimate future feelings: Identifying strengths and weaknesses in affective forecasting.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Jan 3. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Texas A&M University.

People try to make decisions that will improve their lives and make them happy, and to do so, they rely on affective forecasts-predictions about how future outcomes will make them feel. Decades of research suggest that people are poor at predicting how they will feel and that they commonly overestimate the impact that future events will have on their emotions. Recent work reveals considerable variability in forecasting accuracy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspa0000143DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

"The accumulation of stereotype-based self-fulfilling prophecies": Correction to Madon et al. (2018).

Authors:

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Jan;116(1):68

Reports an error in "The accumulation of stereotype-based self-fulfilling prophecies" by Stephanie Madon, Lee Jussim, Max Guyll, Heather Nofziger, Elizabeth R. Salib, Jennifer Willard and Kyle C. Scherr (, 2018[Nov], Vol 115[5], 825-844). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspi0000173DOI Listing
January 2019

Metacognition fosters cultural learning: Evidence from individual differences and situational prompts.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Jan;116(1):46-68

Management Division, Graduate School of Business, Columbia University.

We investigated the role of metacognition in the process by which people learn new cultural norms from experiential feedback. In a lab paradigm, participants received many trials of simulated interpersonal situations in a new culture, each of which required them to make a choice, and then provided them with evaluative feedback about the accuracy of their choice with regard to local norms. Studies 1 to 3 found that participants higher on an individual difference dimension of metacognitive proclivity learned to adhere to the local norms faster. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspi0000149DOI Listing
January 2019

The shifting preference for contingent rewards in goal pursuit.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Jan;116(1):33-45

Guanghua School of Management, Peking University.

This research explored a dynamic self-control process and examined people's preference for contingent rewards during and after the completion of an active focal task. We found that during the completion of such a task, people tend to prefer choice options that undermine their chronic goals as postcompletion rewards. However, by the time that people have completed the focal task and obtained the rewards that they had desired, these options seem less attractive because the chronic goals, which were inhibited by the focal task when people craved the reward, have rebounded in priority. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspa0000140DOI Listing
January 2019

The physiological basis of psychological disgust and moral judgments.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Jan;116(1):15-32

Department of Psychology.

To address ongoing debates about whether feelings of disgust are causally related to moral judgments, we pharmacologically inhibited spontaneous disgust responses to moral infractions and examined effects on moral thinking. Findings demonstrated, first, that the antiemetic ginger (Zingiber officinale), known to inhibit nausea, reduces feelings of disgust toward nonmoral purity-offending stimuli (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspa0000141DOI Listing
January 2019

A new way to look at the data: Similarities between groups of people are large and important.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2018 Dec 31. Epub 2018 Dec 31.

School of Psychology, Cardiff University.

Most published research focuses on describing differences, while neglecting similarities that are arguably at least as interesting and important. In Study 1, we modified and extended prior procedures for describing similarities and demonstrate the importance of this exercise by examining similarities between groups on 22 social variables (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspi0000154DOI Listing
December 2018

Self-control development in adolescence predicts love and work in adulthood.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Psychology.

This longitudinal study over a 23-year time span examined predictive associations between self-control development in adolescence and love and work outcomes in adulthood. Participants were 1,527 adults aged 35 years (48.3% female). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspp0000229DOI Listing
December 2018

"Same but different": Associations between multiple aspects of self-regulation, cognition, and academic abilities.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Psychology.

Self-regulation describes the ability to control both behaviors and internal states against a backdrop of conflicting or distracting situations, drives, or impulses. In the cognitive psychology tradition, individual differences in self-regulation are commonly measured with performance-based tests of executive functioning, whereas in the personality psychology tradition, individual differences in self-regulation are typically assessed with report-based measures of impulse control, sustained motivation, and perseverance. The goal of this project was (a) to comprehensively examine the structure of associations between multiple self-regulatory constructs stemming from the cognitive and personality psychology traditions; (b) to estimate how these constructs, individually and collectively, related to mathematics and reading ability beyond psychometric measures of processing speed and fluid intelligence; and (c) to estimate the extent to which genetic and environmental factors mediated the observed associations. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/pspp0000224
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspp0000224DOI Listing
December 2018
10 Reads

Perceiver and target characteristics contribute to impression formation differently across race and gender.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Psychology.

Social impressions arise from characteristics of both perceivers and targets. However, empirical research in the domain of impression formation has yet to quantify the extent to which perceiver and target characteristics uniquely contribute to impressions across group boundaries (e.g. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/pspi0000160
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspi0000160DOI Listing
December 2018
7 Reads

Handshaking promotes deal-making by signaling cooperative intent.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Marketing, Harvard Business School.

We examine how a simple handshake-a gesture that often occurs at the outset of social interactions-can influence deal-making. Because handshakes are social rituals, they are imbued with meaning beyond their physical features. We propose that during mixed-motive interactions, a handshake is viewed as a signal of cooperative intent, increasing people's cooperative behavior and affecting deal-making outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspi0000157DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Lean in messages increase attributions of women's responsibility for gender inequality.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2018 Dec;115(6):974-1001

Fuqua School of Business, Duke University.

Although women's underrepresentation in senior-level positions in the workplace has multiple causes, women's self-improvement or "empowerment" at work has recently attracted cultural attention as a solution. For example, the bestselling book states that women can tackle gender inequality themselves by overcoming the "internal barriers" (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspa0000129DOI Listing
December 2018
26 Reads

How mindfulness training promotes positive emotions: Dismantling acceptance skills training in two randomized controlled trials.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2018 Dec;115(6):944-973

Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University.

Mindfulness meditation interventions-which train skills in monitoring present-moment experiences with a lens of acceptance-have shown promise for increasing positive emotions. Using a theory-based approach, we hypothesized that learning acceptance skills in mindfulness interventions helps people notice more positive experiences in daily life, and tested whether removing acceptance training from mindfulness interventions would eliminate intervention-related boosts in positive affect. In 2 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of stressed community adults, mindfulness skills were dismantled into 2 structurally equivalent interventions: (a) training in both monitoring and acceptance (Monitor + Accept) and (b) training in monitoring only (Monitor Only) without acceptance training. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspa0000134DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6296247PMC
December 2018
1 Read

"Wisdom, bias, and balance: Toward a process-sensitive measurement of wisdom-related cognition": Correction to Brienza et al. (2017).

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J Pers Soc Psychol 2018 Dec;115(6):943

Reports an error in "Wisdom, bias, and balance: Toward a process-sensitive measurement of wisdom-related cognition" by Justin P. Brienza, Franki Y. H. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/pspp0000234
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspp0000234DOI Listing
December 2018
6 Reads

New recommendations for testing indirect effects in mediational models: The need to report and test component paths.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2018 Dec;115(6):929-943

Department of Psychology, University of Colorado.

In light of current concerns with replicability and reporting false-positive effects in psychology, we examine Type I errors and power associated with 2 distinct approaches for the assessment of mediation, namely the component approach (testing individual parameter estimates in the model) and the index approach (testing a single mediational index). We conduct simulations that examine both approaches and show that the most commonly used tests under the index approach risk inflated Type I errors compared with the joint-significance test inspired by the component approach. We argue that the tendency to report only a single mediational index is worrisome for this reason and also because it is often accompanied by a failure to critically examine the individual causal paths underlying the mediational model. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspa0000132DOI Listing
December 2018

Norm talk and human cooperation: Can we talk ourselves into cooperation?

J Pers Soc Psychol 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Computing and Information Systems, University of Melbourne.

Norm talk is verbal communication that explicitly states or implicitly implies a social norm. To investigate its ability to shape cultural dynamics, 2 types of norm talk were examined: injunction, which explicitly states what should be done, and gossip, which implies a norm by stating an action approved or disapproved of by the communicator. In 2 experiments, participants engaged in norm talk in repeated public goods games. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/pspi0000163
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspi0000163DOI Listing
November 2018
13 Reads

An interdependence account of sexism and power: Men's hostile sexism, biased perceptions of low power, and relationship aggression.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Psychology, Florida State University.

Protecting men's power is fundamental to understanding the origin, expression, and targets of hostile sexism, yet no prior theoretical or empirical work has specified how hostile sexism is related to experiences of power. In the current studies, we propose that the interdependence inherent in heterosexual relationships will lead men who more strongly endorse hostile sexism to perceive they have lower power in their relationship, and that these perceptions will be biased. We also predicted that lower perceptions of power would in turn promote aggression toward intimate partners. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspi0000167DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Decomposing the causes of the socioeconomic status-health gradient with biometrical modeling.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2018 Nov 8. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Department of Psychology and Human Development, Vanderbilt University.

The consistent relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and health has been widely covered in the media and scientific journals, which typically argue that physical-health inequalities are caused by material disadvantage directly or indirectly (e.g., chronic environmental-stress, health care resources, etc. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/pspp0000226
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspp0000226DOI Listing
November 2018
31 Reads

The longitudinal links of personality traits, values, and well-being and self-esteem: A five-wave study of a nationally representative sample.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2018 Nov 5. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

Department of Methodology and Statistics, Tilburg University.

The existence of links between personality traits, values, and well-being and self-esteem is well established, but the nature and direction of these links have been less clearly understood. This study examines longitudinally the stability of traits and values, their mutual effects, and their effects on affective and cognitive well-being and self-esteem. We analyzed data from a nationally representative panel in The Netherlands, spanning 5 time points spread across 8 years (n = 5,159 to 7,021 per time point, total N = 11,890). Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/pspp0000212
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspp0000212DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

Indirect contact predicts direct contact: Longitudinal evidence and the mediating role of intergroup anxiety.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Feb 1;116(2):277-295. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford.

Although the effects of direct and indirect forms of contact on intergroup relations are well documented, little is known about their longitudinal co-development. Based on the social-psychological literature, we hypothesize that indirect contact predicts future direct contact by reducing intergroup anxiety. Across five longitudinal studies (Study 1: German adults, N = 560; Study 2: German, Dutch, and Swedish school students, N = 6,600; Study 3: Northern Irish children, N = 1,593; Study 4: Northern Irish adults, N = 404; Study 5: German adults, N = 735), we systematically examined this effect, and further tested the mediating role of intergroup anxiety in Studies 3 to 5. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/pspi0000146
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspi0000146DOI Listing
February 2019
6 Reads

Farming cultivates a community-level shared culture through collective activities: Examining contextual effects with multilevel analyses.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Jan 1;116(1):1-14. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Kokoro Research Center, Kyoto University.

It has been suggested that the well-known cultural differences in interdependence across cultures are linked to economic activities, such as farming. However, the underlying processes of how such psychological tendencies are shared among people in a society has not been sufficiently investigated. This article addresses the multilevel processes of how psychological characteristics are shared among people. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspa0000138DOI Listing
January 2019
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Divided loyalties: Perceptions of disloyalty underpin bias toward dually-identified minority-group members.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2018 Nov 1. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Department of Psychology.

Majority-group members often hold negative attitudes toward minority-group members who identify with both the majority and their minority group. Integrating perspectives from social identity theory and acculturation research with a coalitional psychology framework, we show that an underlying mechanism for such bias is the perception that dual identifiers are disloyal to the majority group. In Study 1, majority-group participants in the U. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspi0000168DOI Listing
November 2018
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The role of sensation seeking in political violence: An extension of the Significance Quest Theory.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2018 Nov 1. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Department of Psychology.

Adventure and excitement have often been invoked to explain why people engage in political violence, yet empirical evidence on the topic has thus far been anecdotal. The present research sought to fill this gap in knowledge by examining the role of sensation seeking in political violence and integrating this concept with Significance Quest Theory (Kruglanski, Chen, Dechesne, Fishman, & Orehek, 2009; Kruglanski et al., 2013). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspp0000223DOI Listing
November 2018
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People systematically update moral judgments of blame.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Feb 25;116(2):215-236. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Department of Cognitive, Linguistic, and Psychological Sciences, Brown University.

Six experiments examine people's updating of blame judgments and test predictions developed from a socially regulated blame perspective. According to this perspective, blame emerged in human history as a socially costly tool for regulating other's behavior. Because it is costly for both blamers and violators, blame is typically constrained by requirements for "warrant"-evidence that one's moral judgment is justified. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/pspa0000137
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspa0000137DOI Listing
February 2019
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Facing one's implicit biases: From awareness to acknowledgment.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2018 Oct 25. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Department of Psychology, University of Texas at Austin.

Expanding on conflicting theoretical conceptualizations of implicit bias, 6 studies tested the effectiveness of different procedures to increase acknowledgment of harboring biases against minorities. Participants who predicted their responses toward pictures of various minority groups on future implicit association tests (IATs) showed increased alignment between implicit and explicit preferences (Studies 1-3), greater levels of explicit bias (Studies 1-3), and increased self-reported acknowledgment of being racially biased (Studies 4-6). In all studies, effects of IAT score prediction were significant even when participants did not actually complete IATs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspi0000155DOI Listing
October 2018
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You have to follow through: Attaining behavioral change goals predicts volitional personality change.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2018 Oct 25. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

Prior research has found that people's desires to change their personality traits predict corresponding subsequent trait growth over time. However, few studies have examined the processes through which people can volitionally change their personality traits. Thus, it remains unclear whether merely desiring change predicts trait growth or whether actively pursuing change is necessary. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/pspp0000221
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspp0000221DOI Listing
October 2018
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Does the future look bright? Processing style determines the impact of valence weighting biases and self-beliefs on expectations.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2019 Feb 25;116(2):193-214. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Department of Psychology, Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis.

People regularly form expectations about their future, and whether those expectations are positive or negative can have important consequences. So, what determines the valence of people's expectations? Research seeking to answer this question by using an individual-differences approach has established that trait biases in optimistic/pessimistic self-beliefs and, more recently, trait biases in behavioral tendencies to weight one's past positive versus negative experiences more heavily each predict the valence of people's typical expectations. However, these two biases do not correlate, suggesting limits on a purely individual-differences approach to predicting people's expectations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspa0000136DOI Listing
February 2019
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The meaning of guilt: Reconciling the past to inform the future.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2018 Oct 25. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Department of Psychology, Northeastern University.

Despite decades of empirical research, a deceptively simple question remains unanswered: Is guilt good? Whereas some researchers assert that routine experiences of guilt (i.e., "trait guilt") are maladaptive and indicative of poor psychological adjustment, others assert trait guilt to be adaptive and indicative of a prosocial disposition. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/pspp0000216
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspp0000216DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads