2,795 results match your criteria Journal of health psychology[Journal]


The Hans Eysenck affair: Time to correct the scientific record.

Authors:
David F Marks

J Health Psychol 2019 Feb 22:1359105318820931. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Editor, Journal of Health Psychology and Health Psychology Open.

The Journal of Health Psychology publishes here Dr Anthony Pelosi's analysis of questionable science by one of the world's best-known psychologists, the late Professor Hans J Eysenck. The provenance of a huge body of data produced by Eysenck and Ronald Grossarth-Maticek is highly controversial. In Open letters to King's College London and the British Psychological Society, this editor is requesting a thorough investigation of the facts together with retraction or correction of 61 publications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1359105318820931DOI Listing
February 2019

Brief report: Meaning in life is mediated by self-efficacy in the prediction of physical activity.

J Health Psychol 2019 Feb 22:1359105319828172. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

1 University of Colorado Denver, USA.

Meaning and purpose in life are related to a reduced risk of mortality and cardiovascular events, and meaning has been established as a correlate of physical activity. However, it is not clear what mechanisms account for the relationship between meaning and physical activity. A cross-sectional analysis ( N = 94) indicated that self-efficacy in improving physical fitness is a statistically significant mediator of the relationship between meaning and physical activity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1359105319828172DOI Listing
February 2019

Personality and fatal diseases: Revisiting a scientific scandal.

Authors:
Anthony J Pelosi

J Health Psychol 2019 Feb 22:1359105318822045. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

During the 1980s and 1990s, Hans J Eysenck conducted a programme of research into the causes, prevention and treatment of fatal diseases in collaboration with one of his protégés, Ronald Grossarth-Maticek. This led to what must be the most astonishing series of findings ever published in the peer-reviewed scientific literature with effect sizes that have never otherwise been encounterered in biomedical research. This article outlines just some of these reported findings and signposts readers to extremely serious scientific and ethical criticisms that were published almost three decades ago. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1359105318822045DOI Listing
February 2019

Navigating the unknown: A content analysis of the unique challenges faced by adults with rare diseases.

J Health Psychol 2019 Feb 21:1359105319828150. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Oregon State University, USA.

Living with a rare disease can present unique challenges not shared by individuals with common diseases. A content analysis explored which challenges, in participants' own words, are most prevalent across a sample of individuals ( n = 1157) with diverse rare diseases in the United States. Symptoms, activity limitations, treatments, uncertainty, and companionship support were mentioned most. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1359105319828150DOI Listing
February 2019

Gender and racial/ethnic differences in adolescent intentions and willingness to smoke cigarettes: Evaluation of a structural equation model.

J Health Psychol 2019 Feb 17:1359105319829536. Epub 2019 Feb 17.

5 Kaiser Permanente School of Medicine, USA.

Dual-process theories may be effective at predicting adolescent smoking; however, little is known about the effectiveness of these models across race/ethnicity and gender. Adolescents ( N = 4035) completed biopsychosocial and tobacco-related perception measures in Grade 7 and reported on smoking initiation in Grade 10. Using structural equation modeling and comparing models by gender and race/ethnicity showed differences, where both intentions and willingness predicted smoking initiation for only Black and male adolescents, compared to their Latino and White and female counterparts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1359105319829536DOI Listing
February 2019

Subjective socioeconomic status, health, and early-life conditions.

J Health Psychol 2019 Feb 15:1359105319828137. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Sam Houston State University, USA.

We study the role of subjective social status on health and its correlates, with an emphasis on the predictive power of early-life conditions on subjective social status. A well-established literature links early-life conditions to later-life objective measures of socioeconomic status, but little attention has been paid to their effects on subjective socioeconomic status. We find that socioeconomic factors during childhood are important predictors of subjective social status, even after controlling for contemporaneous socioeconomic conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1359105319828137DOI Listing
February 2019

Using psychologically informed care to improve mental health and wellbeing for people living with a heart condition from birth: A statement paper.

Authors:
Liza Morton

J Health Psychol 2019 Feb 7:1359105319826354. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

University of Strathclyde, UK.

Over the last few decades, medical and surgical advances have led to a growing population of individuals living with congenital heart disease. The challenges of this condition can reach beyond physical limitations to include anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder. To date, these psychological outcomes have been neglected; yet, they need not be inevitable. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1359105319826354DOI Listing
February 2019

Genetic testing for Huntington's disease: A thematic analysis of online support community messages.

J Health Psychol 2019 Jan 30:1359105319826340. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

University of Nottingham, UK.

Huntington's disease is a fatal late-onset genetic illness that causes motor, cognitive and psychiatric disorders. Individuals considering genetic testing may benefit from online social support. This study investigates how genetic testing is discussed within health forums. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1359105319826340DOI Listing
January 2019

The role of gender-based violence, health worries, and ambivalent sexism in the development of women's gynecological symptoms.

J Health Psychol 2019 Jan 30:1359105318825292. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

2 University of Massachusetts, Boston, USA.

This article explored the role of a lifetime history of gender-based violence, ambivalent sexism, and gynecological health worries in the development of reproductive and sexual symptoms among women in Kyrgyzstan. Non-pregnant women who were patients of gynecological clinics ( N = 143) participated in the study. A positive relationship between the experience of any type of violence (physical, sexual, and emotional) and number of gynecological symptoms was found. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1359105318825292DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Real-time changes in emotion regulation and loss of control eating.

J Health Psychol 2019 Jan 25:1359105318823242. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

1 University of Central Florida, USA.

Difficulties in emotion regulation are an important theoretical construct implicated in the maintenance of loss of control eating. In this study, 45 community and college participants who reported loss of control eating at least once per week carried tablets for 2 weeks, responding to random assessments throughout each day. We compared trajectories of emotion regulation abilities before and after loss of control eating episodes (using average loss of control eating episode time to divide non-loss-of-control eating days). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1359105318823242DOI Listing
January 2019

The effect of psychological distress on self-care intention and behaviour in young adults with type 1 diabetes.

J Health Psychol 2019 Jan 22:1359105318824795. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Curtin University, Australia.

An extended theory of planned behaviour including psychological distress was used to predict blood glucose monitoring in young adults with type 1 diabetes. Participants completed two surveys, a week apart ( n = 167). Attitudes and perceived behavioural control were significantly associated with intention but subjective norm was not. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1359105318824795DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

The living experience of losing genetic continuity: Concealment tendency in Chinese recipients of donor-assisted conception.

J Health Psychol 2019 Jan 8:1359105318820667. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong.

This study explored how Chinese women with donor-assisted conception experienced loss of genetic continuity and managed donor-assisted conception-related information. Through Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis, a thematic framework on women's beliefs, motivation, and behaviors in information management was constructed. Contrary to the Western trend toward disclosure, it was found that Chinese women strongly preferred to conceal, in order to protect their family members, the parent-child relationship, and family stability. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1359105318820667DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Childhood heart problems, adulthood emotional stability, and sex associated with self-report heart conditions in adulthood.

J Health Psychol 2019 Jan 1:1359105318820107. Epub 2019 Jan 1.

1 University College London, UK.

The present study investigated biomedical, social, and psychological factors associated with self-reported heart conditions in adulthood in a British cohort. In total, 5697 (50.7% males) participants with data on parental socioeconomic status, childhood cognitive ability, childhood heart problems, educational qualifications, current occupational levels, adulthood personality traits, and the prevalence of self-reported heart conditions in adulthood were included in the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1359105318820107DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Emotion regulation and alcohol abuse in second-generation immigrant adolescents: The protective role of cognitive reappraisal.

J Health Psychol 2019 Jan 1:1359105318820715. Epub 2019 Jan 1.

Sapienza University of Rome, Italy.

The individual predictors of drinking behaviors among second-generation immigrant adolescents are still understudied. This study investigated emotion regulation strategies and alcohol abuse in 472 adolescents (86 second-generation immigrants and 386 Italian natives; age range: 17-18). The Emotion Regulation Questionnaire and the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test were used to assess cognitive reappraisal, emotional suppression, and alcohol abuse, respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1359105318820715DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Psychometric properties of the body and appearance self-conscious emotions scale in Brazilian adolescents.

J Health Psychol 2019 Jan 1:1359105318820690. Epub 2019 Jan 1.

1 Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Brasil.

This study examined the psychometric properties of the Body and Appearance Self-Conscious Emotions Scale in Brazilian adolescents. A sample of 827 adolescents (55% boys) filled out a questionnaire comprising the Body and Appearance Self-Conscious Emotions Scale and instruments assessing social physique anxiety, positive/negative affect, and self-esteem. After removing one item originally proposed for the guilt factor (Item 7), the results supported a 4-factor structure that was invariant across gender and weight status. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1359105318820690
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1359105318820690DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Intersectional internalized stigma among Black gay and bisexual men: A longitudinal analysis spanning HIV/sexually transmitted infection diagnosis.

J Health Psychol 2019 Jan 1:1359105318820101. Epub 2019 Jan 1.

2 University of Connecticut, USA.

Internalized stigma undermines health among people diagnosed with HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STI), yet limited research has examined how internalized stigma develops. Black gay and bisexual men ( n = 151) reported their race and sexual orientation internalized stigma once before HIV/STI diagnosis and their HIV/STI internalized stigma monthly for 1 year after HIV/STI diagnosis. Multilevel analyses demonstrated that race and sexual orientation internalized stigma before diagnosis were associated with greater HIV/STI internalized stigma after diagnosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1359105318820101DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Subjective health in relation to hedonic and eudaimonic wellbeing: Evidence from the Gallup World Poll.

J Health Psychol 2018 Dec 22:1359105318820104. Epub 2018 Dec 22.

2 University of Novi Sad, Serbia.

This study investigated the relationships between subjective health, hedonic wellbeing (i.e. positive affect, negative affect, and life satisfaction), and eudaimonic wellbeing (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1359105318820104DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Psychological distress in relatives of critically ill patients: Risk and protective factors.

J Health Psychol 2018 Dec 23:1359105318817357. Epub 2018 Dec 23.

2 Universitat Jaume I de Castellón, Spain.

The admission to an intensive care unit can result in a significant burden of emotional distress in the family. This study analyzes the psychological distress of 89 relatives of intensive care unit patients and the potential risk/protective factors for such distress. Families show high levels of anxiety, depression, and stress. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1359105318817357DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Couples living with type 1 diabetes: An integrative review of the impacts on health and wellbeing.

J Health Psychol 2018 Dec 21:1359105318817356. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

2 Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing, Midwifery and Palliative Care, King's College London, UK.

Impacts of type 1 diabetes and relationship factors on health and wellbeing of both persons with diabetes and partners (T1D partners) have not been investigated. Integrative review methods evaluated the evidence. From 323 titles, we included 24 studies involving 16,083 persons with diabetes and 1020 T1D partners. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1359105318817356DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Similarities and differences in predictors of life satisfaction across age groups: A 150-country study.

J Health Psychol 2018 Dec 19:1359105318819054. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

2 University of Novi Sad, Serbia.

This study used multi-level modeling in a sample of 952,739 adults across 150 countries to investigate age differences in demographic, psychological, and social predictors of life satisfaction. Based on percentiles of age distribution, the sample was categorized into five age groups (15-24, 25-33, 34-43, 44-57, and ⩾58). The predictors were generally more effective in predicting life satisfaction in older groups (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1359105318819054DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Anxiety from the perspective of modernity: An empirical study based on the Chinese General Social Survey of 2005-2013.

Authors:
Junfeng Jiang

J Health Psychol 2018 Dec 19:1359105318819052. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Wuhan University, China.

Based on the Chinese General Social Survey of 2005-2013, with a sample of 41,242 people, this study carried out a hierarchical age-period-cohort cross-classified random-effects model on anxiety scores. The results indicated a U-shaped relationship between age and anxiety with increased anxiety from young to the middle age and a decline in the old. Population disparities showed cumulative advantage/disadvantage and age-as-leveler effects in different groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1359105318819052DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Acceptability of the Medication Adherence for Patients Support intervention to improve adherence to patients prescribed medications for hypertension or comorbidities, as an adjunct to primary care: A qualitative study.

J Health Psychol 2018 Dec 19:1359105318819051. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

University of Cambridge, UK.

Tailored interventions delivered via text and voice messages can improve adherence to multiple medications. However, no such intervention has been developed in the UK primary-care setting. We conducted focus groups with 12 patients with hypertension, type 2 diabetes, or both conditions, presumed to be non-adherent and recruited from deprived neighborhoods, to assess the acceptability and inform the development of an intervention to provide ongoing support for adherence, as an adjunct to primary-care consultations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1359105318819051DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Shared illness appraisal and self-efficacy among adults with type 1 diabetes.

J Health Psychol 2018 Dec 17:1359105318817895. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

2 The University of Utah, USA.

We examined the interaction between shared illness appraisal and self-efficacy among couples in which one partner was diagnosed with type 1 diabetes ( n = 199). We hypothesized that the relation between self-efficacy and health would be weakened under conditions of shared rather than individual appraisal. Multiple regression analyses demonstrated that partner shared illness appraisal interacted with the self-efficacy of the person with type 1 diabetes to predict overall psychological distress and daily diabetes stressors in the predicted direction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1359105318817895DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Mediating effect of psychological suzhi on the relationship between perceived social support and self-esteem.

J Health Psychol 2018 Dec 17:1359105318807962. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

1 Southwest University, China.

This study examined the mediating role of psychological suzhi on the relationship between perceived social support and self-esteem in a sample of 612 Chinese secondary school students (grades 7-12, mean age 15.20 ± 1.73 years). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1359105318807962DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Neighborhood social cohesion and viral suppression after HIV diagnosis.

J Health Psychol 2018 Dec 5:1359105318810088. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

1 New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, USA.

Social cohesion has varying effects on health. We investigated the association of perceived neighborhood social cohesion with HIV viral suppression using individual-level data from the New York City HIV registry and surveillance-based interviews ( n = 92). Suppression was achieved within 12 months of HIV diagnosis by 60 percent of persons perceiving low cohesion and 71 percent of those perceiving high ( p = 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1359105318810088DOI Listing
December 2018
7 Reads

Exploring the emotional experiences of young women with chronic pain: The potential role of self-compassion.

J Health Psychol 2018 Dec 5:1359105318816509. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

University of Saskatchewan, Canada.

Chronic pain is multidimensional and includes an emotional dimension in addition to the physical and cognitive dimensions. Self-compassion, being touched by and open to one's own suffering, has been identified as a useful resource during difficult experiences. The purpose of this narrative inquiry was to explore the role of self-compassion in the emotional experiences of women with chronic pain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1359105318816509DOI Listing
December 2018
10 Reads

Understanding the causes of breast cancer treatment delays at a teaching hospital in Ghana.

J Health Psychol 2018 Nov 30:1359105318814152. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

1 University of Ghana, Ghana.

Poor outcomes for breast cancer in Ghana have been attributed to late presentation of symptoms at biomedical facilities. This study explored factors accounting for delays in initiation of breast cancer treatment at the Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital in Accra. Focus group discussions were conducted with 20 women with breast cancer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1359105318814152DOI Listing
November 2018
6 Reads

Evaluation and exploration of a social prescribing initiative: Study protocol.

J Health Psychol 2018 Nov 29:1359105318814160. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Nottingham Trent University, UK.

Attention is being given to healthcare initiatives with the potential to save money and improve lives. One example is social prescribing, which supports patients whose ill-health is exacerbated by loneliness. While evidence has accumulated attesting to social prescribing's efficacy, one limitation has been the lack of a theoretical framework, which limits understanding of how tackling loneliness improves health. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1359105318814160DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Efficacy of the Best Possible Self protocol in diabetes self-management: A mixed-methods approach.

J Health Psychol 2018 Nov 29:1359105318814148. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Liverpool John Moores University, UK.

Recent research has demonstrated that positive affect may facilitate illness self-management. This study used a sequential exploratory mixed-methods typology to assess whether a brief writing task designed to boost positive affect (the Best Possible Self protocol) could improve aspects of diabetes self-management, specifically. A qualitative investigation explored people with diabetes' ( n = 20) views regarding Best Possible Self feasibility and acceptability, while a subsequent quantitative investigation assigned people with diabetes ( n = 50) to a Best Possible Self or non-Best Possible Self condition and assessed affect and self-management behaviours over a 4-week period. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Relations of civil liberties and women's health satisfaction around the globe: The explanatory power of autonomy.

J Health Psychol 2018 Nov 14:1359105318810074. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

1 Cardiff University, UK.

Research on how sociopolitical factors differentially affect the health and well-being of individuals is nascent and mechanisms responsible have not yet been identified. This work examined how the civil liberties afforded across 79 countries differentially affect the health satisfaction of men and women and tested one potential reason for this link: autonomy satisfaction, the experience of being choiceful, and free to express oneself. Women reported lower health satisfaction in countries that were lower in civil liberties, a relation mediated by autonomy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1359105318810074DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

'Adolescents are reckless': Representations at stake in the construction of the relationship of trust in paediatric diabetology.

J Health Psychol 2018 Nov 14:1359105318809861. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

1 Aix Marseille Univ, LPS, Aix-en-Provence, France.

A total of 10 focus groups were held with adolescents living with diabetes, their parents and health professionals in order to explore their needs in therapeutic education. The analysis showed that the relationship of trust was a central concern for a number of participants. Several adults were divided between a feeling of confidence inspired by the need to empower adolescents to cope with the chronic condition and a sense of distrust inspired by the idea of carelessness and irresponsibility thought to characterize adolescence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1359105318809861DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Making the leap and finding your feet: A qualitative study of disclosure and social support in university students with type 1 diabetes.

J Health Psychol 2018 Nov 11:1359105318810875. Epub 2018 Nov 11.

University of Limerick, Ireland.

University poses unique challenges surrounding disclosure for students living with type 1 diabetes, with implications for social support and self-management. Semi-structured interviews with students and peer interviewers living with type 1 diabetes explored university experiences of disclosure and social support. Thematic analysis identified three major themes: disclosure as a measured process, the need for lived experience for true understanding and personal growth and self-awareness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1359105318810875DOI Listing
November 2018
7 Reads

A network analysis of the General Health Questionnaire.

Authors:
Cjj van Zyl

J Health Psychol 2018 Nov 9:1359105318810113. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

University of Johannesburg, South Africa.

The General Health Questionnaire-28 is a well-known symptom-based rating scale of mental health. Several studies have investigated its latent structure using confirmatory factor analysis. This study questions this approach on several substantive points, most notably the inability for symptoms to interact using confirmatory factor analysis, and argues for the use of network analysis instead. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1359105318810113DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

The development of an instrument to assess post-exertional malaise in patients with myalgic encephalomyelitis and chronic fatigue syndrome.

J Health Psychol 2018 Oct 24:1359105318805819. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

DePaul University, USA.

Post-exertional malaise, or a variation of this term, is a key symptom of myalgic encephalomyelitis and chronic fatigue syndrome, as this symptom is mentioned in almost all myalgic encephalomyelitis and chronic fatigue syndrome case definitions. Until now there has not been a comprehensive questionnaire to assess post-exertional malaise. To rectify this situation, in this article we describe the development of a new questionnaire, called the DePaul Post-Exertional Malaise Questionnaire, which was based on input from hundreds of patients. Read More

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October 2018
2 Reads

Main and interactive effects of diabetes distress and stress from life events on overall psychological distress.

J Health Psychol 2018 Oct 17:1359105318804865. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

Rutgers University, USA.

This study sought to extend previous research by examining rates of three different types of diabetes distress and whether stress from life events amplified the association between diabetes distress and overall psychological distress in a community-based sample of 119 middle-aged and older adults with type 2 diabetes. Consistent with past research, individuals experienced a moderate level of diabetes distress. However, only some types of diabetes distress were associated with depressive symptoms, independent of stressful life events, whereas all types of diabetes distress were only related to anxious symptoms when stress from life events was also high. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1359105318804865DOI Listing
October 2018
13 Reads

Close relationships and diabetes management across the lifespan: The good, the bad, and autonomy.

J Health Psychol 2018 Oct 15:1359105318805815. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

The University of Utah, USA.

Relationships are linked with positive and negative self-management and illness outcomes for individuals with type 1 diabetes. Explanations for these mixed associations have remained separated in psychosocial research in type 1 diabetes by relationship type (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1359105318805815DOI Listing
October 2018
7 Reads

Triple Aim: Benefits of behavioral health providers in primary care.

J Health Psychol 2018 Oct 15:1359105318802949. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

Samaritan Health Services, USA.

There is little research on behavioral health consultants addressing The Triple Aim goals in a community setting. This study examined the behavioral health consultants' effect on (1) reducing overall patient cost and (2) improving population health by examining psychological screening measures, healthcare utilization, and hospital charges. Results revealed changes in patient charges: emergency department encounters reduce by 8 percent, psychological distress significantly decrease (Patient Health Questionnaire-9, 13. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1359105318802949DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

Does self-efficacy in diabetes management differ by type of diabetes and gender? Results from network analysis.

J Health Psychol 2018 Oct 8:1359105318804866. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

5 Endocrinology Unit, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, S. Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, Alma Mater Studiorum-University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy.

This study aims to analyze the correlations and relevance of self-efficacy items in 411 patients with diabetes using network analysis. We found that the self-efficacy items structure is consistent between genders and types of diabetes. However, the strength of item correlations was significantly higher in type 2 diabetes. Read More

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October 2018
6 Reads

Adding insult to injury: Perceived inequity modulates pain perception.

J Health Psychol 2018 Oct 8:1359105318802936. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

1 School of Psychological and Cognitive Sciences and Beijing Key Laboratory of Behavior and Mental Health, Peking University,China.

Inequity and pain typically co-appear during disasters or illnesses and have significant effects on health. However, the relationship between inequity and pain perception is poorly understood. Four studies investigated whether perceived inequity modulates pain perception using different priming paradigms and pain measurements. Read More

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October 2018
2 Reads

Adverse childhood experiences as a predictor of attendance at a health-promotion program.

J Health Psychol 2018 Oct 8:1359105318802929. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

2 University of St. Thomas, Minnesota, USA.

This short-term longitudinal study examined whether adverse childhood experiences predicted attendance at a fitness program. We asked undergraduates participating in a group fitness program at a university to complete measures of mental health and adverse childhood experiences at the start of the semester. Attendance data were obtained from the recreational center at the end of the semester. Read More

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October 2018
2 Reads

The longitudinal associations among grandparent-grandchild cohesion, cultural beliefs about adversity, and depression in Chinese rural left-behind children.

J Health Psychol 2018 Oct 4:1359105318803708. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

Shandong Normal University, P.R. China.

This study examined the effects of grandparent-grandchild cohesion on the cross-lagged associations between depression and cultural beliefs about adversity in a sample of 625 rural left-behind children in China. Grandparent-grandchild cohesion was concurrently and longitudinally associated with children's depression and cultural beliefs about adversity. Cultural beliefs about adversity mediated the associations between grandparent-grandchild cohesion and children's depression, while depression mediated the associations between grandparent-grandchild cohesion and children's beliefs about adversity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1359105318803708DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

A cost-benefit analysis of the Improving Access to Psychological Therapies programme using its key defining outcomes.

Authors:
Scott Steen

J Health Psychol 2018 Oct 4:1359105318803751. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

Birmingham City University, UK.

The economic argument underpinning the Improving Access to Psychological Therapy programme has been a central component in its initial and continued investment. Using open-access data, this article undertook a cost-benefit analysis using the programme's key defining outcomes to determine its return-on-investment. It was found that in terms of investment and efficiency gains, the programme was in the higher ends of the cost spectrum for delivering psychological therapies. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1359105318803751
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1359105318803751DOI Listing
October 2018
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The aftermath of burn injury from the child's perspective: A qualitative study.

J Health Psychol 2018 Sep 29:1359105318800826. Epub 2018 Sep 29.

1 Association of Dutch Burn Centres, The Netherlands.

A burn injury event and subsequent hospitalization are potentially distressing for children. To elucidate the child's experience of pediatric burn injury, children's reflections on the burn event and its aftermath were examined. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with eight children (12-17 years old). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1359105318800826DOI Listing
September 2018
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Young people with left-behind experiences in childhood have higher levels of psychological resilience.

J Health Psychol 2018 Sep 28:1359105318801056. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

3 Chongqing University of Arts and Sciences, P.R. China.

This study investigated the development of psychological capital and its relationship with adult attachment in Chinese college students with left-behind experiences in childhood. The results show that the psychological capital of left-behind experiences in childhood was moderate, and their self-efficacy, optimism, hope, and overall psychological capital were significantly lower than those without left-behind experiences. However, their psychological resilience was remarkably higher than the latter. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1359105318801056DOI Listing
September 2018
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Associations between different components of executive control in childhood and sleep problems in early adolescence: A longitudinal study.

J Health Psychol 2018 Sep 25:1359105318801065. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

1 University of Nebraska-Lincoln, USA.

Research has examined the impact of poor sleep on executive control and related abilities, but the inverse relationship has received less attention. Youth completed objective executive control tasks in childhood ( N = 208; M = 10.03; 50. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1359105318801065DOI Listing
September 2018
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Reconsidering the experience machine: Self-reported versus objective measures of physical activity to increase positive affect.

J Health Psychol 2018 Sep 24:1359105318801939. Epub 2018 Sep 24.

Claremont Graduate University, USA.

This article tests the utility of self-report and objective assessment of physical activity to predict increased positive affect. Participants wore Fitbit activity trackers and responded to single-item assessments of momentary affect and self-reported physical activity following an experience sampling method protocol. A test of the within-person mediation indicated that, on average, 63 percent of the relationship between objective physical activity and affect was accounted for by self-reported physical activity. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1359105318801939
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1359105318801939DOI Listing
September 2018
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Cultivating healthy trajectories: An experimental study of community gardening and health.

J Health Psychol 2018 Sep 21:1359105318800784. Epub 2018 Sep 21.

2 University of California, Riverside, USA.

Advances in behavioral medicine suggest that optimal solutions to modern health challenges should be multifaceted, targeting multiple cognitions and behaviors simultaneously. Community gardening holds great promise as one such multifaceted intervention but lacks rigorous evidence of efficacy. We present one of the first experimental studies on the topic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1359105318800784DOI Listing
September 2018
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Subjective social status and health: Multidisciplinary explanations and methodological challenges.

J Health Psychol 2018 Sep 19:1359105318800804. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

Robert Koch Institute, Germany.

Since the early 2000s, evidence has been accumulating that subjective social status - a person's sense of their own position on the social ladder - affects health above and beyond objective socioeconomic status. To date, however, little is known about how these distinct health effects of subjective social status can be explained. This article narratively reviews different explanatory approaches and key methodological challenges, backed up by empirical findings and supplemented by the authors' own reflections. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1359105318800804DOI Listing
September 2018
14 Reads