8,937 results match your criteria Journal of forensic sciences[Journal]


The Status of Forensic Anthropology in Europe and South Africa: Results of the 2016 FASE Questionnaire on Forensic Anthropology.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Laboratory of Forensic Anthropology and Odontology (LABANOF), University of Milan, Milan, Italy.

One of the goals of the Forensic Anthropology Society of Europe (FASE) is to map the existing education and practice opportunities in the field of forensic anthropology in order to support the development of the discipline and to optimize the training courses provided by the Society. To address this goal, an online questionnaire was sent to European and South African practitioners of forensic anthropology and related disciplines in 2016. The results of the questionnaire showed that the status and roles of forensic anthropologists vary depending on the national legal systems, education, and employment status of the practitioners. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/1556-4029.14016
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14016DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads
1.306 Impact Factor

Fluorescence of 1,2-Indanedione with Amino Acids Present in the Fingerprint Residue: Application in Gender Determination.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Chemistry Department, University at Albany, State University of New York, Albany, NY, 12212.

1,2-indanedione is used for latent fingerprint visualization on porous surfaces. In this paper, fluorescence spectra of 1,2-indanedione after reacting with 21 individual amino acids present in latent fingerprints residue were measured in water-methanol solutions. The fluorescence intensity depends on the amino acid used, while the fluorescence peak does not change much. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14025DOI Listing
February 2019
11 Reads

Latent Fingermark Aging Patterns (Part IV): Ridge Width as One Indicator of Degradation.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Faculty of Medicine, Forensic Genetics Laboratory, University of Barcelona, C/Casanova 143, 08036, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.

This fourth article of the series is taking an in-depth analysis at the visible aging of latent fingermarks regarding changes in ridge widths over time. The objective is to quantify and statistically describe significant ridge size variations under controlled indoor conditions. The effect of three environmental variables are examined: type of secretion (sebaceous- and eccrine-rich) and type of substrate (glass and polystyrene) when aged in three light conditions (direct natural light, shade, and dark). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14018DOI Listing
February 2019

Explosion Scene Forensic Image Interpretation.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Institute of Forensic Science, Ministry of Public Security, No. 17, Muxidi Nanli, Beijing, China, 100038.

Image interpretation is an important aspect in the field of forensic science; however, it is seldom reported how to use these techniques in explosion scene forensic investigations. On 12 August 2015, a series of explosions killed 165 people and injured hundreds more at a container storage station at the Port of Tianjin. In this study, we applied image interpretation methods to determine the seat of the explosion by analyzing low-quality video clips of the event. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.13996DOI Listing
February 2019

Forensic Application of Analytical Mechanics in Fatal Fall From a Height.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Engineering Science and Ocean Engineering, National Taiwan University, No. 1, Sec. 4, Roosevelt Rd., Taipei, 10617, Taiwan.

Fatal fall from a height initiated with a swinging motion on the sagittal plane of the victim's body is examined. Method of analytical mechanics is adopted to establish the functional relations between the swinging angle of the body and the force needed to sustain the body until release, and the amount of the horizontal displacement that would occur after release. The analysis is applied to support an expert opinion presented in a criminal court in which two accused were convicted of murder for dropping a female victim from a bridge. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/1556-4029.14022
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14022DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Development of a Protein-based Human Identification Capability from a Single Hair.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Forensic Science Center, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 7000 East Avenue, Livermore, CA, 94550.

Shed human hair (lacking root nuclear DNA) frequently contributes important information to forensic investigations involving human identification. Detection of genetic variation observed in amino acid sequences of hair proteins provides a new suite of identity markers that augment microscopic hair analysis and mitochondrial DNA sequencing. In this study, a new method that completely dissolves single hairs using a combination of heat, ultrasonication, and surfactants was developed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.13995DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Use of a Gelatin-based Consolidant to Preserve Thermally-Altered Skeletal Remains.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

George Mason University, Fairfax, VA, 22030.

Thermally altered skeletal remains can be very fragile and fragmented and are typically further fragmented or even destroyed when handled; recovery of such remains from a scene can therefore be extremely challenging. There are few recommendations and no generally accepted practices for preserving burned bone for recovery and transport. Here, we test whether the application of a gelatin-based consolidant at the scene can preserve thermally altered bone in the condition and relative anatomical position in which it was discovered. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14019DOI Listing
February 2019

An Alternative Method to Using a Mandibulometer.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Anatomy, Des Moines University, 3200 Grand Avenue, Des Moines, IA, 50312.

Mandibular length, mandibular angle, and maximum ramus height measurements used during forensic evaluation of skeletal remains require use of a mandibulometer. This study presents a new method of taking these measurements from images, so that practitioners without access to an expensive mandibulometer or those working with 3D models (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14026DOI Listing
February 2019

Cold Case Homicides: DNA Testing of Retained Autopsy Sexual Assault Smears.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Office of the Chief Medical Examiner, 11 Shuttle Road, Farmington, CT, 06032.

Archival medical examiner specimens may contain perpetrator DNA evidence useful in unsolved ("cold case") homicides. The Office of the Chief Medical Examiner (OCME) histology slide archives were searched for sexual assault smears for all 376 female homicides from 1990 to 1999. Of these, the OCME had sexual assault smears on 84 of which 13 slides had sperm. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14023DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

A Fatal Case of Acute Arsenic Poisoning.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

School of Forensic Science, Henan University of Science and Technology, Luoyang, 471023, China.

This manuscript reported a case of fatal arsenic poisoning. A woman with schizophrenia took arsenic-containing "pills," which consisted of arsenic trioxide and realgar (arsenic (II) sulfide) and wrapped with gauze. The victim consumed 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14017DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Gabapentin-related Deaths: Patterns of Abuse and Postmortem Levels.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Forensic Sciences, Commonwealth of Virginia, 500 North 7th Street, Richmond, VA.

Gabapentin, a GABA analogue, is a nonopioid prescribed for seizure control and neuralgic pain. Its abuse for recreational purposes has been increasing in recent years as the number of prescriptions also increases. In our series, we review 104 cases of decedents who tested positive for gabapentin in postmortem blood samples and an additional 53 nonfatal cases of motor vehicle drivers suspected of driving under the influence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14021DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

A Retrospective Study of Intentional Body Dismemberment in New York City: 1996-2017.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Feb 1. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Forensic Operations, Office of Chief Medical Examiner, 421 East 26th Street, New York, NY, 10016.

A review of New York City dismemberment cases occurring between 1996 and 2017 was conducted, which resulted in a total of 55 dismembered decedents in a 22-year period. Annual trends indicate an average of 2.5 dismembered decedents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14012DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

A Test of Sex Estimation in Subadults Using the Elevation of the Auricular Surface from Four Samples of Known Age and Sex.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Feb 1. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Department of Anthropology, State University of New York at Oswego, 310A Mahar Hall, Oswego, NY, 13126.

Biological sex is foundational to the work of forensic anthropologists and bioarcheologists. The lack of reliable biological sex estimation methods for subadults has, thus, greatly limited forensic and bioarcheological analyses. Auricular surface elevation showed promise as a subadult sex estimation method in previous studies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14011DOI Listing
February 2019

Either or? Reconciling Findings on Mental Health and Extremism using a Dimensional Rather than Categorical Paradigm.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Jan 29. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Department of Political Science, Aarhus University, Bartholins Alle 7, 8000, Aarhus C, Denmark.

The background for this paper is the debate over what role mental illness plays in radicalization to violent extremism. While one camp points to cases of abnormal functioning of perpetrators, another argues that normal psychological mechanisms are central. Through a review of these perspectives, it becomes clear that mental illness cannot be ruled out as an epi-phenomenon, but is not a necessary condition either. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14014DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Hair Analysis for Drug-Facilitated Crime: The Critical Role of Hair Growth Rate.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Jan 29. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Israeli Ministry of Law, Nazeret Ilit, Israel 21735-070.

Hair analysis is increasingly used in detecting drug-facilitated crime (DFC) claiming success in identifying even single dose exposures. The calculation of accurate deposition time of the drug in hair is typically based on the assumption of mean hair growth of 1 cm/month. We describe a case of potential exposure to flunitrazepam. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14013DOI Listing
January 2019

Implementation and Optimization of the Sodium-Rhodizonate Method for Chemographic Shooting Distance Estimation.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Jan 25. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

National Institute for Criminalistics and Criminology-Criminalistics, Vilvoordsesteenweg, 100 1120 Neder-over-heembeek, Brussels, Belgium.

In shooting incident investigations where it is important to estimate the shooting distance, the sodium-rhodizonate coloring method has been used for the visualization of GSR patterns extensively. This publication describes the optimization of this method by the use of a heated press for the transfer of GSR traces on garments, as well as variation of a number of other important process parameters. Our final aim for this project was to prepare a formal validation of the coloring method as prerequisite for its inclusion into the scope of ISO17025-certified methods in the GSR Laboratory. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.13984DOI Listing
January 2019

Social Media and Medicolegal Death Investigation: Logged in…To the Morgue.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Jan 25. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Department of Pathology, University of Colorado - School of Medicine, 13001 E. 17th Place, Aurora, CO, 80045.

Social media (SM) represent a global consumer phenomenon with an exponential rise in usage within the last few years. The various applications and websites are relatively easy and fast to access, and the number of users increases continuously. SM are an incredible source of freely available, public information about their users. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.13953DOI Listing
January 2019

Determining the Method Threshold of Identification via Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry of Weathered Gasoline Extracted from Burnt Nylon Carpet.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Jan 25. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Department of Chemistry, Master of Science, Forensic Science Program, Towson University, Towson, MD, 21252-0001.

The Organization of Scientific Area Committees defines threshold of identification as the minimum concentration of ignitable liquid identifiable from gas chromatographic-mass spectrometry data using accepted pattern identification criteria. We propose a method for determining this threshold for gasoline based on base peak to qualifier ratios of six compounds. The ion ratios were established for each compound in the neat gasoline. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.13983DOI Listing
January 2019

Preliminary Studies on the Absorbance Ratio Method Used to Determining the Age of Stamp-pad Ink Seal.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Jan 22. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Shanghai Key Laboratory of Crime Scene Evidence, No. 803 Zhongshan North Road, Shanghai City, 200083, China.

Stamp-pad ink seals are often placed on important documents, and determining the dating of stamp-pad ink seal is important to assess the authenticity of a document. In this study, 20 different brands and types of stamp-pad inks were classified by ultraviolet visible spectrophotometer. Six different brands and types of papers were classified by micro-Fourier transform infrared spectrometer and visual spectral comparator 6000. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14008DOI Listing
January 2019

Bullet Caliber and Type Categorization from Gunshot Wounds in Sus Scrofa (Linnaeus) Long Bone.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Jan 21. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Forensic Osteology Laboratory, Department of Forensic Science, Laurentian University, Sudbury, Ontario, P3E 2C6, Canada.

Studies on ballistic trauma to the ribs and thorax, cranium, and long bones demonstrate the potential of obtaining a bullet caliber from an entrance wound. In order to validate prior research on caliber estimation in bone tissue and assess the viability of bullet type determination based on the macroscopic evidence at the entrance wound, thirty fleshed pork (Sus scrofa) shoulders (humeri) were shot with either lead or copper jacketed bullets in one of three calibers; 0.22, 9 mm, or 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14004DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Homicidal Ideation and Individuals on the Autism Spectrum.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Jan 21. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Mental Health and Neurosciences Division, VA Portland Health Care System, 3710 SW US Veterans Hospital Road, Portland, OR, 97239.

Interest in the relationship between autism and violence has increased in recent years; however, no link has clearly been established between them. Researchers remain curious if autistic people with certain traits (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14002DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

An Experiment to Characterize the Decomposer Community Associated with Carcasses (Sus scrofa domesticus) on Oahu, Hawaii.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Jan 21. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Laboratory of Forensic Taphonomy, Forensic Sciences Unit, Division of Natural Sciences and Mathematics, Chaminade University of Honolulu, Honolulu, HI, 96816.

Pig (Sus scrofa domesticus) carcasses were decomposed on the soil surface of a terrestrial habitat on the island of Oahu, Hawaii to begin characterizing the decomposer community. Results showed that carcasses can decompose rapidly on Oahu, primarily due to the activity of fly larvae, with ~80% of mass lost by 8 days (~220 ADD) postmortem. Scavenging was conducted exclusively by the small Indian mongoose (Herpestes javanicus), first feeding on larvae then feeding on the remains. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/1556-4029.14009
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14009DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Entomological and Cardiologic Evidence of Time Since Death in Short Postmortem Intervals.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Jan 21. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Institute of Legal Medicine, University of Leipzig, Johannisallee 28, D-04103, Leipzig, Germany.

Estimating the time since death of the deceased is a main goal in forensic investigations, but this can be challenging due to contradictory results derived from different investigations at the scene of death. We present a case of a 78-year-old woman, found dead in a small forest with broad-leaved trees, whose husband had a history of domestic violence. Routinely performed investigations, such as postmortem rectal temperature and lividity, yielded inconsistent time since death results between only a few and longer than 20 h. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/1556-4029.14010
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14010DOI Listing
January 2019
8 Reads

The Evidentiary Significance of Automotive Paint from the Northeast: A Study of Red Paint.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Jan 21. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

John Jay College of Criminal Justice, 524 W 59th Street, New York, NY, 10019.

This population study was conducted to assess the frequency of physical, microscopical, and chemical properties of automotive paint chips. Population studies of trace evidence provide valuable analytical data for criminalists to assess evidentiary significance. Two-hundred automotive paint chips were collected from auto body shops from the Northeastern United States. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14007DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Measuring Desiccation Using Qualitative Changes: A Step Toward Determining Regional Decomposition Sequences.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Jan 21. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Department of Biological Sciences, Colorado Mesa University, 1100 North Avenue, Grand Junction, CO, 81501.

The creation of a regional decomposition scoring system for western Colorado provides a model for the creation of regional systems. The development of a scoring system requires: (1) human remains, not proxies, (2) longitudinal observations, and (3) large sample size. First, an enhanced system (total body desiccation score; TBDS) was developed through observations of 40 human remains. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14003DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy Pathology After Shotgun Injury to the Brain.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Jan 15. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Department of Pathology, Western Michigan University Homer Stryker MD School of Medicine, Kalamazoo, MI.

Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) was initially conceptualized in boxers, but has extended to other athletes in recent years, albeit with limited clinical correlations. It is often asserted that CTE pathology represents the substrate for progressive neurodegenerative disease. We report the case of a shotgun injury to the brain with 42-year survival and no neurological disease progression until shortly before death. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14001DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Swollen Lips After a Night of Partying-An Allergic Reaction to Ecstasy?

J Forensic Sci 2019 Jan 15. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Department of Legal Medicine, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Butenfeld 34, 22529, Hamburg, Germany.

Ecstasy (MDMA) is a mood-lifting drug with numerous somatic side effects, for example, dehydration or continuous chewing and biting. We describe the case of a young woman who underwent a forensic medical examination for suspected sexual assault. She claimed to have suffered from a memory lapse, and she had a painful swelling of her lips with a plaque-like coating on her lips and buccal mucosa. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.13999DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

The Forensic Pathology of Fatal Attacks by the Large Mammals Inhabiting the Nordic Wilderness-A Literature Review.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Jan 10. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

The Swedish National Board of Forensic Medicine, The Division for Forensic Medicine, Artillerigatan 12, 58758, Linköping, Sweden.

Fatalities due to animal attacks are rare in forensic medical work but have been known to pose problems due to their potential to mimic homicide. This review summarizes reported cases of fatal attacks by large mammals that inhabit the Nordic wilderness, namely brown bear, moose, wild boar, and wolf, and attempts to elucidate injury patterns that can guide the forensic pathologist to identifying the species and modus operandi of the attacker. A tendency toward a species-specific injury pattern was observed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.13994DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Solving Double-Sided Puzzles: Automated Assembly of Torn-up Banknotes Evidence.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Jan 8. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Department of Computer Engineering, Karadeniz Technical University, 61080, Trabzon, Turkey.

Reconstruction of 2D object is a problem concerning many different fields such as forensics science, archiving, and banking. In the literature, it is considered as one-sided puzzle problem. But this study handles torn banknotes as a double-sided puzzle problem for the first time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.13993DOI Listing
January 2019

Commentary on: Borrini M, Garlaschelli L. A BPA Approach to the Shroud of Turin. J Forensic Sci https://doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.13867. Epub 2018 July 10.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Jan;64(1):325-326

Section of Anatomy and Physiopatology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Sciences, University of Brescia, Viale Europa 11, 25123, Brescia, Italy.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.13939DOI Listing
January 2019

Letter to the Editor-Call for a Scientific Consensus Regarding the Application of Retrograde Extrapolation to Determine Blood Alcohol Content in DUI Cases.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Jan;64(1):322

New York State Police Forensic Investigation Center, 1220 Washington Avenue, Building 30, Albany, NY.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.13928DOI Listing
January 2019

Commentary on: Borrini M, Garlaschelli L. A BPA approach to the Shroud of Turin. J Forensic Sci https://doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.13867. Epub 2018 July 10.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Jan;64(1):329-332

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Padua, via Venezia 1, 35131, Padua, Italy.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.13943DOI Listing
January 2019

The NAS Report: Ten Years of Response.

Authors:
Susan M Ballou

J Forensic Sci 2019 Jan;64(1):6-9

Special Programs Office, National Institute of Standards and Technology, 100 Bureau Drive, Gaithersburg, MD, 20899.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.13961DOI Listing
January 2019

Letter to the Editor-Commentary on: Dror IG, Langenburg G. "Cannot decide": The Fine Line Between Appropriate Inconclusive Determinations Versus Unjustifiably Deciding not to Decide. J Forensic Sci https://doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.13854. Epub 2018 Jul 5.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Jan;64(1):318-321

Faculty of Law, Criminal Justice and Public Administration School of Criminal Justice, University of Lausanne, Lausanne-Dorigny, 1015, Switzerland.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.13944DOI Listing
January 2019

Letter to the Editor-Hair Ethanol Glucuronide (EtG) and Washout Effects: Can and Should Pre-Analytical Washout Effects be Assessed During the Method Validation Phase?

Authors:
Kazama Tachibana

J Forensic Sci 2019 Jan;64(1):323-324

Territory Pathology, Department of Pathology, Royal Darwin Hospital, Rocklands Drive, Tiwi, NT, 0810, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.13933DOI Listing
January 2019

Authors' Response.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Jan;64(1):327-328

CICAP - Italian Committee for the Investigation of Claims of the Pseudosciences, via Pascoli, 1, Padova, 35125, Italy.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.13940DOI Listing
January 2019

Authors' Response.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Jan;64(1):333-335

Department of Chemistry, University of Pavia, Via Taramelli 10, 27100, Pavia, Italy.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.13941DOI Listing
January 2019

Attitudes, Perceptions, and Preferences of Individuals from Temuco (Chile) About Denture Marking.

J Forensic Sci 2018 Dec 28. Epub 2018 Dec 28.

Programa de Magister en Odontología, Facultad de Odontología, Universidad de La Frontera, Francisco Salazar 01145, Building L 4811230, Temuco, Chile.

Denture marking (DM) helps identify edentulous people with different methods. Analyzing perceptions and attitudes of denture wearers would enable understanding of the practical aspects, an analysis still absent in South America. Fifty-three individual candidates for removable dentures were instructed on disaster victim identification (DVI) and the usefulness of DM for this purpose. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.13991DOI Listing
December 2018

Body Transportation after Homicides: Offender and Offense Characteristics.

J Forensic Sci 2018 Dec 26. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

Sookmyung Women's University, 100 Chungpa-ro,47 Gil, Yongsan-gu, Seoul, Korea.

Body transportation is defined as moving the body of the victim from the scene of a homicide to another location. We analyzed data on 513 South Korean homicide cases with convictions to compare 104 homicides involving the transportation of victims' bodies with 409 homicides that did not. Offenders who transported their victims' bodies were significantly younger and more likely to be related to the victims and were less likely to use sharp instruments and more likely to use blunt instruments or strangle the victims than offenders who did not. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/1556-4029.13989
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.13989DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Religious Radicalization and Lone-Actor Terrorism: A Matter for Psychiatry?

J Forensic Sci 2018 Dec 26. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

Unité pour Malades Difficiles Henri Colin, Centre Hospitalier Paul Guiraud, 54, avenue de la République 94806, Villejuif, France.

This article discusses the place of the psychiatric field in the ongoing phenomenon of religious radicalization. First, the article provides an overview of the existing literature on lone-actor terrorists and the link with mental illness. Current research is focusing increasingly on lone-actor terrorists. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.13992DOI Listing
December 2018

A Historical, Detailed Toolmark Examination from 1916.

J Forensic Sci 2018 Dec 21. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

New York City Police Department, Police Laboratory, 150-14 Jamaica Avenue, New York, NY, 11432.

Marc Bischoff received his PhD from the University of Lausanne, Institute of Police Science and Criminology, and later became the head of the Institute. His final examination paper for his doctorate degree constitutes a toolmark analysis and comparison between a suspected axe and questioned cuttings of wood trunks. Bischoff uses the scientific method to test the hypothesis he formulated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.13988DOI Listing
December 2018

Changes in Fingerprints Depending on Physiological Factors.

J Forensic Sci 2018 Dec 21. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

Chief Commissioner of the Forensic Laboratory of the Voivodeship Police Headquarters in Lublin, Lublin, Poland.

The aim of the study was to determine the effect of gender, body mass index, and time on the width of friction ridge impressions in fingerprints and the content of sweat and sebum forming the print. The research showed that the friction ridge impressions of women are significantly wider than those of men, and this tendency persists throughout the existence of the print. The differences may result from the anatomical structure of the skin, as well as from the use of protective products such as creams, which are used more often by women. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.13937DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Disaggregating Mass Public Shootings: A Comparative Analysis of Disgruntled Employee, School, Ideologically motivated, and Rampage Shooters.

J Forensic Sci 2018 Dec 18. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Law & Justice Studies, Rowan University, 201 Mullica Hill Road, Glassboro, NJ, 08028.

This study compares the demographic, background, motivation, and pre-event and event-level behaviors across four types of mass public shooters: disgruntled employee, school, ideologically motivated, and rampage offenders. Using a database containing detailed information on 318 mass public shootings that occurred in the United States between 1966 and 2017, we find systematic differences in the characteristics, motivations, target selection, planning, and incident-level behaviors among these offenders. The results show that ideologically motivated shooters to be the most patient, and methodical, and as a result the most lethal. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.13985DOI Listing
December 2018

Relationship Between Pulp Tooth Area Ratio and Chronological Age Using Cone-beam Computed Tomography Images.

J Forensic Sci 2018 Dec 18. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Department of Dentomaxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Bolu Abant İzzet Baysal, Bolu, Turkey.

This study investigated the relationship between chronological age and pulp tooth area ratio (PTR) in maxillary central teeth using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images in the Turkish population. The sample consisted of CBCT images of 120 male and female subjects between 14 and 75 years old. The PTR of the maxillary central teeth was calculated using inVivo 5 software (Anatomage, San Jose, CA). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.13986DOI Listing
December 2018

Factors Influencing the Filing of Complaints, Their Investigation, and Subsequent Legal Judgment in Cases of Sexual Assault.

J Forensic Sci 2018 Dec 17. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

University Center of Legal Medicine, Geneva and Lausanne, Geneva site de Genève, 1 rue Michel Servet, 1211, Genève 4, Switzerland.

In Geneva, examination of victims of sexual assault is performed by a gynecologist and a medical examiner. 48% of the victims file a complaint and we wanted to investigate the factors leading to file a complaint, those leading the Prosecutor to go to trial, and those influencing a conviction. Between 2006 and 2012, 676 victims of sexual assault were investigated (averaged age 26 year, mean 22). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.13971DOI Listing
December 2018

Evaluating the Efficiency of Primer Extension Capture as a Method to Enrich DNA Extractions.

J Forensic Sci 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Laboratories of Molecular Anthropology and Microbiome Research, Norman, OK, 73019.

In this study, we sought to document the efficiency of primer extension capture (PEC) as a method to enrich DNA eluates of targeted DNA molecules and remove nontarget molecules from pools containing both. Efficiency of the method was estimated by comparing number of "copies in" to "copies out" by quantitative polymerase chain reaction. PEC retention of DNA targets ranging 109-288 base pairs (bps) in length was 15. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.13973DOI Listing
December 2018
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Bone Mineral Density Adult Age Estimation in Forensic Anthropology: A Test of the DXAGE Application.

J Forensic Sci 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Biological Sciences, North Carolina State University, 100 Eugene Brooks Avenue, Raleigh, NC, 27695.

Estimating age-at-death of individuals represented only by skeletonized human remains is a fundamental aspect of forensic anthropological casework. Recently, several researchers have proposed that bone mineral density (BMD) is a useful predictor of age-at-death in forensic contexts. Navega et al. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.13987DOI Listing
December 2018
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Carbon-Based Fingerprint Powder as a One-Step Development and Matrix Application for High-Resolution Mass Spectrometry Imaging of Latent Fingerprints.

J Forensic Sci 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Chemistry, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa, 50011.

Carbon-based materials are often used as matrices for matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS) and its imaging (MALDI-MSI). However, researchers have refrained from using carbon-based fingerprint powder (CFP) as a matrix due to high background and contamination. In this work, the compatibility of CFP is reevaluated with MALDI-MSI using a high-resolution mass spectrometer (HRMS) and compared to traditional organic matrices. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.13981DOI Listing
December 2018

Unpredictable Behavior Under the Influence of "Magic Mushrooms": A Case Report and Review of the Literature.

J Forensic Sci 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Forensic Medicine Department, University Hospital of Lyon, 5 place d'Arsonval, Lyon, France.

Fatalities implicating psychedelic mushrooms are not a common clinical situation in everyday forensic medicine. Despite classification as an illegal drug in many countries, psilocybin mushrooms have the reputation of being safe. We report the case of a young man who jumped from a second story balcony under the influence of psilocybin mushrooms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.13982DOI Listing
December 2018

Validation of the Acetabulum As a Skeletal Indicator of Age at Death in Modern European-Americans.

J Forensic Sci 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Anthropology, University of West Florida, 11000 University Parkway, Bldg. 13, Pensacola, FL, 32514.

Progressive changes in the acetabulum have been used in modern skeletal age estimation, but they have not been completely understood. If their age correlations are weakened by the influence of factors like physical activity and obesity, acetabular changes should not be used for age estimation. To investigate their utility for aging, the acetabular variables of Rissech et al. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.13972DOI Listing
December 2018
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