8,974 results match your criteria Journal of forensic sciences[Journal]


Letter to Editor-NBOH Derivatization for the Analysis of Seized Drug Casework by GC-MS.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

The Center for Forensic Science Research and Education at the Fredric Rieders Family Foundation, 2300 Stratford Ave, Willow Grove, PA 19090.

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/1556-4029.14
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14064DOI Listing
April 2019
7 Reads

Predictive Soil Provenancing (PSP): An Innovative Forensic Soil Provenance Analysis Tool.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Australian Federal Police, GPO Box 401, Canberra, ACT, 2601, Australia.

Soil is a common evidence type used in forensic and intelligence operations. Where soil composition databases are lacking or inadequate, we propose to use publicly available soil attribute rasters to reduce forensic search areas. Soil attribute rasters, which have recently become widely available at high spatial resolutions, typically three arc-seconds (~90 m), are predictive models of the distribution of soil properties (with confidence limits) derived from data mining the inter-relationships between these properties and several environmental covariates. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14060DOI Listing

Potential Forensic Application of Receptor for Advanced Glycation End Products (RAGE) as a Novel Biomarker for Estimating Postmortem Interval.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Biomedical Laboratory Science, College of Medical Sciences, Soonchunhyang University, Asan, 31538, Republic of Korea.

Studies which estimate the postmortem interval (PMI) based on diatoms or bacterial communities have been well-conducted. However, predicting the PMI based on microorganisms has limited accuracy. The objective of this study was to discover specific biomarkers for estimating the PMI for drowning. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14063DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Juvenile Facial Growth and Mimicry: A Preliminary 3D Study.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Dipartimento di Scienze della Sanità Pubblica e Pediatriche, Sezione di Medicina Legale, "Università degli Studi di Torino", corso Galileo Galilei 22, 10126, Torino, Italia.

Studies focused on facial development during childhood have been conducted by means of 3D technology to provide modifications of anthropometric parameters. Facial mobility was also considered. This study proposed a 3D approach to facial growth changes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14061DOI Listing

Psychostimulant Use and Fatal Stroke in Young Adults.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Apr 2. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

National Drug & Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Psychostimulant use is associated with increased stroke risk. To determine the proportion of psychostimulant users among fatal strokes in young adults (15-44 years), all cases were retrieved from the National Coronial Information System (1/1/2009-31/12/2016). A total of 279 cases were identified: hemorrhagic (259), ischemic (8), thrombotic (8), and mycotic (4). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14056DOI Listing
April 2019
6 Reads

Expressing Uncertainty in Dental Age Estimation: A Comparison between Two Methods of Calculating the "Average" Standard Deviation.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Apr 1. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Faculty of Dentistry, Oral & Craniofacial Sciences, Department of Orthodontics, King's College London, Guy's Tower Wing, Great Maze Pond, London Bridge, SE1 9RT, U.K.

The expression of uncertainty is defined by the standard deviation and is usually expressed in multiples of the standard deviation (±1sd, ±2sd, and ±3sd). The objective was to use weighting of the sd calculation by the number or count of subjects for each tooth development stage. A comparison shows the difference between the range of uncertainty using the unweighted sd and the weighted sd. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14049DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Comparative and Correlation Studies of Biochemical Substances in Vitreous Humor and Synovial Fluid.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Jan 14. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

Division of Clinical Chemistry, Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, 10400, Thailand.

Vitreous humor (VH) and synovial fluid (SF) become optional postmortem samples for biochemistry investigation. However, few studies have explored SF as a potential source, and there is still controversy whether the biochemical concentrations in bilateral VH are the same. We explored the concentrations of biochemical substances in both VH and SF, and compared between both sides and between the fluids. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.13966DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Extraction of DNA from Skeletonized Postcranial Remains: A Discussion of Protocols and Testing Modalities.

Authors:
Suni M Edson

J Forensic Sci 2019 Mar 29. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Armed Forces DNA Identification Laboratory, Armed Forces Medical Examiner System, 115 Purple Heart Drive, Dover AFB, DE, 19902.

This paper provides a retrospective of the DNA analysis performed by the Armed Forces Medical Examiner-Armed Forces DNA Identification Laboratory between 1990 and 2018. Over 13,000 postcranial osseous materials, comprised of wartime losses from World War II, the Korean War, and South-East Asia, were examined by the following: mitochondrial DNA sequencing, a modified AmpFlSTR® Yfiler™, AmpFlSTR® MiniFiler™, PowerPlex® Fusion, or NGS. Four different DNA extraction protocols were used: incomplete demineralization coupled with an organic purification; complete demineralization with an organic purification; complete demineralization with an inorganic purification using QIAquick PCR Purification Kit; and a protocol designed specifically for use with next-generation sequencing. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/1556-4029.14
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14050DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

The Reconstruction of the Dynamic of a Murder Using 3D Motion Capture and 3D Model Buildings: The Investigation of a Dubious Forensic Case.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Mar 28. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

University "Magna Graecia" of Catanzaro, Viale Europa, Loc. Germaneto, 88100, Calabria, Italy.

Photographic surveying is fundamental to crime scene investigation. It is performed using 2D images; however, this method is limited because it does not offer a detailed view. We present a 3D (three-dimensional) experimental model that has clarified unsolved aspects of a homicide. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14041DOI Listing

Determination of Vehicle Speed from Recorded Video Using Reverse Projection Photogrammetry and File Metadata.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Mar 28. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Department of Justice Studies, San Jose State University, San Jose, CA, 95192.

The prevalence of security and in-car video has increased the number of motor vehicle accidents captured on digital video. However, inconsistencies in how to accurately determine time and distance for vehicle speed has led to examinations with varying results. A potential solution for calculating time intervals is to use frame timing contained within many digital video file's metadata, recorded with 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14053DOI Listing

A Preliminary Study on Vacuum Metal Deposition as a Standalone Method for Enhancement of Fingermarks on Ballistic Brass Materials.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Mar 25. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

School of Pharmacy and Biomolecular Sciences, Faculty of Science, Liverpool John Moores University, Byrom Street, Liverpool, L3 3AF, U.K.

In order to assess the efficacy of vacuum metal deposition (VMD) as a technique to develop fingermarks on ballistic metallic surfaces, a preliminary study using six donors (three male & three female) was conducted. Using a sequential metal deposition process, two metal combinations were studied-gold/zinc and silver/zinc. Results indicate the potential of this technique, by developing identifiable fingermarks on brass metal disks aged from a few days up to more than a month old. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14052DOI Listing

Silicosis: Diagnosis and Medicolegal Implications.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Mar 22. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Wisconsin, 750 Highland Ave, Madison, WI, 53726.

Despite well-publicized sources of occupational hazard, silicosis continues to threaten industrial workers in the United States. We performed a retrospective search of the University of Wisconsin electronic pathology database to retrieve autopsy cases of silicosis and collaborated with the Wisconsin Department of Health Services to obtain statewide epidemiologic data regarding silicosis morbidity/mortality since 2003. Three silicosis autopsy cases were retrieved: all were men with ≥ 30 years of occupational crystalline silica exposure and similar histologic features of collagenous pulmonary nodules with admixed refractile particles. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/1556-4029.14
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14048DOI Listing
March 2019
6 Reads

Identification of a Suspect in a Murder Case through Recovery of Fingermarks from a Fired Cartridge Case.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Mar 22. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

Department of Natural Sciences, Federal University of Espírito Santo, 29932-540, São Mateus, ES, Brazil.

During the period of one year, the Police of the State of Espírito Santo in Brazil analyzed 1,431 cartridge cases obtained from crime scenes and seizures. The cartridges were subjected to a development sequence (cyanoacrylate fuming + gun bluing + fluorescent dying), and panoramic images of the developed fingermarks were generated based on the photographs taken during the rotation of the cartridges. Ridge details were observed in 50 cartridges, but only in 5 cartridges, the marks were considered with value for identification. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/1556-4029.14
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14045DOI Listing
March 2019
17 Reads

Stability and Specificity of Counterfeit Protection System Code.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Mar 22. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

Hubei Key Laboratory of Forensic Science, Department of Forensic Science and Intelligence, Hubei University of Police, Wuhan, China.

In this study, the stability and specificity of a counterfeit protection system (CPS) code were determined. This research involved an analysis of a counterfeit protection system code unit over time using the pattern location measurement method. We collected 379 sample sheets from 196 printers or photocopiers, covering 14 original brands, including 129 models. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14051DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Performance Evaluation of a Registered Ballistic Database Using the Evofinder® System.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Mar 22. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

Shanghai Key Laboratory of Crime Scene Evidence, Institute of Forensic Science, Shanghai Public Security Bureau, Shanghai, 200083, China.

Firearms for police in China are registered along with their fired bullets and cartridge cases. A Registered Ballistic Database (RBD) of 1000 Norinco QSZ-92 pistols with registered ammunition was established and was evaluated through the Evofinder® system. In this research, 1000 bullets and 1000 cartridge cases were randomly selected and correlated against an RBD of 2996 bullets and 2999 cartridge cases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14054DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Discordance of Gross and Histologic Findings in Estimating the Range of Fire of Gunshot Wounds.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Mar 21. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Wayne County Medical Examiner's Office, 1300 E. Warren Avenue, Detroit, MI, 48207.

Forensic pathologist use soot and/or stippling surrounding entrance gunshot wounds in categorizing range of fire. If absent, some pathologists suggest utilizing histology when the range is diagnostically critical. This study investigates the concordance of macroscopic and microscopic findings in estimating range of fire by evaluating gunshot entrance and exit wounds made through human tissue analogs at defined distances using two handgun calibers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14055DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

PTSD Symptoms Experienced and Coping Tactics Used by Crime Scene Investigators in the United States.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Mar 20. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Ohio Attorney General's Center for the Future of Forensic Science, Bowling Green State University, 116 Life Sciences Building, Bowling Green, OH.

Few investigations have assessed the prevalence of posttraumatic stress experiences among Crime Scene Investigators (CSIs). We recruited a nationwide sample of 225 CSIs to complete online questionnaires assessing PTSD symptoms, use of specific coping tactics, perceived social support, trait resilience, and demographics. Seven symptoms had been experienced by at least 50% of participants during the previous month, and 9. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14044DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

BrowStExPlus: A Tool to Aggregate IndexedDB Artifacts for Forensic Analysis.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Mar 20. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Department of Computer Science, Sam Houston State University, 1903 Ave I, Huntsville, TX, 77341, USA.

As the Internet and World Wide Web have rapidly evolved and revolutionized the applications in everyday life, it is a demanding challenge for investigators to keep up with the emerging technologies for forensic analyses. Investigating web browser usages for criminal activities, also known as web browser forensics, is a significant part of digital forensics as crucial browsing information of the suspect can be discovered. Particularly, in this study, an emerging web storage technology, called IndexedDB, is examined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14043DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Combined DNA Typing and Protein Identification from Unfired Brass Cartridges,,.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Mar 20. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

John Jay College of Criminal Justice, 524 W. 59th St., New York, NY, 10019.

Biological evidence analysis from contact traces is adversely affected by low quantity and quality of DNA. Proteins in these samples contain potentially individualizing information and may be particularly important for difficult surfaces such as brass, where DNA may yield incomplete profiles. In this study, touched unfired brass cartridges were sampled using dry tape or wet swabs and analyzed by separating DNA and protein from the same collected material, thus producing both genomic and proteomic information. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14042DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Ruptured Syphilitic Aneurysm: A Cause of Sudden Death in a Man with Human Immunodeficiency Coinfection.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Mar 20. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Department of Legal Medicine, St. Marianna University School of Medicine, Kanagawa, 216-8511, Japan.

Syphilis, a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium Treponema palladium, is experiencing a worldwide resurgence. The risk of syphilis infection is particularly high in men who have sex with men (MSM), especially those who are human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive. Untreated syphilis can lead to rare but severe late-stage complications, including syphilitic aortitis. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/1556-4029.14
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14046DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Forensic Investigation of a Shawl Linked to the "Jack the Ripper" Murders.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Mar 12. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Reproduction and Early Development Group, Institute of Genetics, Health and Therapeutics, University of Leeds, Clarendon Way, Leeds, LS2 9JT, UK.

A set of historic murders, known as the "Jack the Ripper murders," started in London in August 1888. The killer's identity has remained a mystery to date. Here, we describe the investigation of, to our knowledge, the only remaining physical evidence linked to these murders, recovered from one of the victims at the scene of the crime. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14038DOI Listing
March 2019
15 Reads

Psychopathy and Female Gender: Phenotypic Expression and Comorbidity; A Study Comparing a Sample of Women Hospitalized in Italy's Maximum Security Facility with Women Who were Criminally Sentenced and Imprisoned.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Mar 12. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Sistema Polimodulare REMS Castiglione delle Stiviere ASL MN, Mantova, Italy.

Various studies have shown that women with psychopathy tend to commit crimes that are less violent than those of psychopathic men. The present study was designed to address the influence of psychopathy on the crimes committed by female offenders. A national sample of female offenders found NGRI or of diminished responsibility and at risk for criminal recidivism (OPG patients) was compared with a sample of female offenders who were convicted and imprisoned. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14039DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Quantitative Statistics and Identification of Tool-Marks.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Mar 12. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Department of Forensic Medicine, Soochow University, Ganjiang East Road, Suzhou, 215000, China.

This study was designed to establish a feature identification method of tool-mark 2D data. A uniform local binary pattern histogram operator was developed to extract the tool-mark features, and the random forest algorithm was adopted to identify these. The presented method was used to conduct five groups of experiments with a 2D dataset of known matched and nonmatched tool-marks made by bolt clippers, cutting pliers, and screwdrivers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14040DOI Listing

Raman Spectroscopic Differences between Ephedrine and Pseudoephedrine.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Mar 5. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Lanzhou University, No. 222, South Tianshui Road, Chengguan District, Lanzhou, Gansu Province, China, 730000.

Ephedrine (EPH) and pseudoephedrine (PSE) were studied by micro-Raman spectroscopy and UV resonance Raman spectroscopy excited at 785 and 360 nm, respectively. Raman bands at approximately 245 and 410 cm for ephedrine have apparent differences from the same bands at approximately 215, 265, 350, 450, and 555 cm for pseudoephedrine, and these differences can be applied to distinguish between EPH and PSE. Additionally, density functional theory was used for the Raman calculations to obtain results identical to the experimental spectra. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14015DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

Authors' Response.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Mar;64(2):656-657

CICAP - Italian Committee for the Investigation of Claims of the Pseudosciences, via Pascoli, 1, 35125, Padova, Italy.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.13998DOI Listing

Letter to the Editor - Overarching Forensic Conclusion Categories.

Authors:
Srini Rathinam

J Forensic Sci 2019 Mar;64(2):658

Forensic Practitioner, Los Angeles, CA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.13990DOI Listing

The Search for "Fred": An Unusual Vertical Burial Case.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Feb 25. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

School of Geography, Geology and Environment, Keele University, Keele, ST5 5BG, U.K.

Police witness intelligence stated a murdered adult male "Fred" had been vertically buried in wooded hilly terrain 30 years ago in the Midlands, U.K. Conventional search methods were unsuccessful; therefore, the police requested a geophysical investigation to be undertaken to determine whether "Fred" could be detected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14035DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Estimating Individual Contributions to Complex DNA SNP Mixtures.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Feb 22. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Bioengineering Systems & Technologies, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Lincoln Laboratory, 244 Wood Street, Lexington, MA.

High-throughput sequencing (HTS) of large panels of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) provides an alternative or complimentary approach to short tandem repeats (STRs) panels for the analysis of complex DNA mixture forensic samples. For STRs, methods to estimate individual contribution concentrations compare capillary electrophoresis peak heights, peak areas, or HTS allele read counts within a mixture. This article introduces three approaches (mean, median, and slope methods) for estimating individual DNA contributions to forensic mixtures for HTS/massively parallel sequencing (MPS) SNP panels. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14030DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

An Overview of Zoonotic Disease Outbreaks and its Forensic Management Over Time.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Feb 22. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

CIISA - Centre for Interdisciplinary Research in Animal Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Lisbon, Avenida da Universidade Técnica, 1300-477, Lisbon, Portugal.

Most emerging or re-emerging infections are vector-borne or zoonotic and can be disseminated worldwide by infected humans or animals. They are a major public health problem and cause a great impact on economy. Zoonotic outbreaks began to be characterized in the 90s, after the creation of Europol and the FBI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14034DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Postmortem Analysis of Electrogram Records from an Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator (ICD) in the Reconstruction of a Road Traffic Accident.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Feb 21. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Department of Cardiology and Electrotherapy, Medical University of Gdansk, ul. Smoluchowskiego 17, Gdańsk, 80-214, Poland.

The case of a 69-year-old man, equipped with an ICD and suffering from several chronic cardiac diseases, who died in a car accident, was presented. We analyzed electrogram records from the ICD explanted from the body during the autopsy, which showed that the driver had suffered from malignant ventricular arrhythmia-ventricular fibrillation (VF). A thorough analysis of the details of the accident, as well as the timing of VF and the rhythm observed after the discharge of the ICD showed that the direct cause of the accident was the episode of arrhythmia resulting in a loss of consciousness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14037DOI Listing
February 2019

Forensic Gait Analysis and Recognition: Standards of Evidence Admissibility.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Feb 21. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Institute of Archaeology, University College London, 31-34 Gordon Square, London, WC1H 0PY, U.K.

Gait is one biological characteristic which has attracted strong research interest due to its potential use in human identification. Although almost two decades have passed since a forensic gait expert has testified to the identity of a perpetrator in court, the methods remain insufficiently robust, considering the recent paradigm shift witnessed in the forensic science community regarding quality of evidence. In contrast, technological advancements have taken the lead, and research into automated gait recognition has greatly surpassed forensic gait analysis in terms of the size of acquired datasets and demographic variability of participants, tested variables, and statistical evaluation of results. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14036DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

How Cross-Examination on Subjectivity and Bias Affects Jurors' Evaluations of Forensic Science Evidence.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Feb 21. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Department of Criminology, Law, & Society, University of California-Irvine, Irvine, CA.

Contextual bias has been widely discussed as a possible problem in forensic science. The trial simulation experiment reported here examined reactions of jurors at a county courthouse to cross-examination and arguments about contextual bias in a hypothetical case. We varied whether the key prosecution witness (a forensic odontologist) was cross-examined about the subjectivity of his interpretations and about his exposure to potentially biasing task-irrelevant information. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14031DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Sudden Death Due to Primary Intraventricular Hemorrhage: Report of Two Cases.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Feb 21. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Department of Forensic Medicine, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430030, China.

Primary intraventricular hemorrhage (PIVH) is a rare type of stroke defined as bleeding within the ventricles of the brain without any associated parenchymal hemorrhage. Here, we reported two cases of sudden death due to PIVH. One of the patients was found dead under a highway bridge without witnesses, and the other patient was hospitalized with hemorrhage in the ventricular system, as revealed by a head computed tomography scan. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14032DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Child Sexual Abuse Perpetrated by Women: Case Series and Review of the Literature.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Feb 21. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Dipartimento di Scienze della Sanità Pubblica e Pediatriche, Sezione di Medicina Legale, "Università degli Studi di Torino", corso Galileo Galilei 22, 10126, Torino, Italia.

The literature on child sexual abuse (CSA) perpetrated by female sexual offenders (FSOs) is exiguous, and many studies have focused on judicial databases. The present retrospective study, instead, analyzed clinical and judicial data of a group of both victims and alleged FSOs, to additionally include women who have not been convicted by the criminal justice system, but who hold strong clinical suspicions of being perpetrators of CSA. The medical records and the Court files of 11 children and their eight suspected FSOs have been collected and critically reviewed in light of the literature to date. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14033DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Detection and Classification of Ignitable Liquid Residues in the Presence of Matrix Interferences by Using Direct Analysis in Real Time Mass Spectrometry.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Feb 21. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Forensic Science Program, College of Basic and Applied Sciences, Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, TN, 37132.

Conventional Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS) methods for the analysis of ignitable liquids (ILs) are usually time-consuming, and the data produced are difficult to interpret. A fast IL screening method using direct analysis in real time mass spectrometry (DART-MS) is proposed in this study. GC-MS, QuickStrip DART-MS, and thermal desorption DART-MS methods were used to analyze neat ILs and thermal desorption DART-MS without extraction was used to analyze ILs on five substrates (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14029DOI Listing
February 2019

Abdominal Stab Wounds with Tension Pneumopericardium Confirmed by Autopsy and Postmortem Computed Tomography.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Legal Medicine, St. Marianna University School of Medicine, Kanagawa, 216-8511, Japan.

We present the first report of pneumopericardium observed by autopsy and on postmortem computed tomography (PMCT) images. The subject was a woman who died of self-inflicted stab wounds to the abdomen. The PMCT scan revealed air in the pericardial sac, a "flattened heart" sign, and retroperitoneal hemorrhage. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14028DOI Listing
February 2019

The Status of Forensic Anthropology in Europe and South Africa: Results of the 2016 FASE Questionnaire on Forensic Anthropology.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Laboratory of Forensic Anthropology and Odontology (LABANOF), University of Milan, Milan, Italy.

One of the goals of the Forensic Anthropology Society of Europe (FASE) is to map the existing education and practice opportunities in the field of forensic anthropology in order to support the development of the discipline and to optimize the training courses provided by the Society. To address this goal, an online questionnaire was sent to European and South African practitioners of forensic anthropology and related disciplines in 2016. The results of the questionnaire showed that the status and roles of forensic anthropologists vary depending on the national legal systems, education, and employment status of the practitioners. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/1556-4029.14016
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14016DOI Listing
February 2019
9 Reads
1.306 Impact Factor

Fluorescence of 1,2-Indanedione with Amino Acids Present in the Fingerprint Residue: Application in Gender Determination.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Chemistry Department, University at Albany, State University of New York, Albany, NY, 12212.

1,2-indanedione is used for latent fingerprint visualization on porous surfaces. In this paper, fluorescence spectra of 1,2-indanedione after reacting with 21 individual amino acids present in latent fingerprints residue were measured in water-methanol solutions. The fluorescence intensity depends on the amino acid used, while the fluorescence peak does not change much. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14025DOI Listing
February 2019
18 Reads

Latent Fingermark Aging Patterns (Part IV): Ridge Width as One Indicator of Degradation.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Faculty of Medicine, Forensic Genetics Laboratory, University of Barcelona, C/Casanova 143, 08036, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.

This fourth article of the series is taking an in-depth analysis at the visible aging of latent fingermarks regarding changes in ridge widths over time. The objective is to quantify and statistically describe significant ridge size variations under controlled indoor conditions. The effect of three environmental variables are examined: type of secretion (sebaceous- and eccrine-rich) and type of substrate (glass and polystyrene) when aged in three light conditions (direct natural light, shade, and dark). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14018DOI Listing
February 2019

Explosion Scene Forensic Image Interpretation.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Institute of Forensic Science, Ministry of Public Security, No. 17, Muxidi Nanli, Beijing, China, 100038.

Image interpretation is an important aspect in the field of forensic science; however, it is seldom reported how to use these techniques in explosion scene forensic investigations. On 12 August 2015, a series of explosions killed 165 people and injured hundreds more at a container storage station at the Port of Tianjin. In this study, we applied image interpretation methods to determine the seat of the explosion by analyzing low-quality video clips of the event. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.13996DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Forensic Application of Analytical Mechanics in Fatal Fall From a Height.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Engineering Science and Ocean Engineering, National Taiwan University, No. 1, Sec. 4, Roosevelt Rd., Taipei, 10617, Taiwan.

Fatal fall from a height initiated with a swinging motion on the sagittal plane of the victim's body is examined. Method of analytical mechanics is adopted to establish the functional relations between the swinging angle of the body and the force needed to sustain the body until release, and the amount of the horizontal displacement that would occur after release. The analysis is applied to support an expert opinion presented in a criminal court in which two accused were convicted of murder for dropping a female victim from a bridge. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/1556-4029.14022
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14022DOI Listing
February 2019
30 Reads

Development of a Protein-based Human Identification Capability from a Single Hair.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Forensic Science Center, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 7000 East Avenue, Livermore, CA, 94550.

Shed human hair (lacking root nuclear DNA) frequently contributes important information to forensic investigations involving human identification. Detection of genetic variation observed in amino acid sequences of hair proteins provides a new suite of identity markers that augment microscopic hair analysis and mitochondrial DNA sequencing. In this study, a new method that completely dissolves single hairs using a combination of heat, ultrasonication, and surfactants was developed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.13995DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Use of a Gelatin-based Consolidant to Preserve Thermally-Altered Skeletal Remains.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

George Mason University, Fairfax, VA, 22030.

Thermally altered skeletal remains can be very fragile and fragmented and are typically further fragmented or even destroyed when handled; recovery of such remains from a scene can therefore be extremely challenging. There are few recommendations and no generally accepted practices for preserving burned bone for recovery and transport. Here, we test whether the application of a gelatin-based consolidant at the scene can preserve thermally altered bone in the condition and relative anatomical position in which it was discovered. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14019DOI Listing
February 2019

An Alternative Method to Using a Mandibulometer.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Anatomy, Des Moines University, 3200 Grand Avenue, Des Moines, IA, 50312.

Mandibular length, mandibular angle, and maximum ramus height measurements used during forensic evaluation of skeletal remains require use of a mandibulometer. This study presents a new method of taking these measurements from images, so that practitioners without access to an expensive mandibulometer or those working with 3D models (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14026DOI Listing
February 2019

Cold Case Homicides: DNA Testing of Retained Autopsy Sexual Assault Smears.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Office of the Chief Medical Examiner, 11 Shuttle Road, Farmington, CT, 06032.

Archival medical examiner specimens may contain perpetrator DNA evidence useful in unsolved ("cold case") homicides. The Office of the Chief Medical Examiner (OCME) histology slide archives were searched for sexual assault smears for all 376 female homicides from 1990 to 1999. Of these, the OCME had sexual assault smears on 84 of which 13 slides had sperm. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14023DOI Listing
February 2019
6 Reads

A Fatal Case of Acute Arsenic Poisoning.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

School of Forensic Science, Henan University of Science and Technology, Luoyang, 471023, China.

This manuscript reported a case of fatal arsenic poisoning. A woman with schizophrenia took arsenic-containing "pills," which consisted of arsenic trioxide and realgar (arsenic (II) sulfide) and wrapped with gauze. The victim consumed 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14017DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Gabapentin-related Deaths: Patterns of Abuse and Postmortem Levels.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Forensic Sciences, Commonwealth of Virginia, 500 North 7th Street, Richmond, VA.

Gabapentin, a GABA analogue, is a nonopioid prescribed for seizure control and neuralgic pain. Its abuse for recreational purposes has been increasing in recent years as the number of prescriptions also increases. In our series, we review 104 cases of decedents who tested positive for gabapentin in postmortem blood samples and an additional 53 nonfatal cases of motor vehicle drivers suspected of driving under the influence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14021DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

A Retrospective Study of Intentional Body Dismemberment in New York City: 1996-2017.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Feb 1. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Forensic Operations, Office of Chief Medical Examiner, 421 East 26th Street, New York, NY, 10016.

A review of New York City dismemberment cases occurring between 1996 and 2017 was conducted, which resulted in a total of 55 dismembered decedents in a 22-year period. Annual trends indicate an average of 2.5 dismembered decedents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14012DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

A Test of Sex Estimation in Subadults Using the Elevation of the Auricular Surface from Four Samples of Known Age and Sex.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Feb 1. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Department of Anthropology, State University of New York at Oswego, 310A Mahar Hall, Oswego, NY, 13126.

Biological sex is foundational to the work of forensic anthropologists and bioarcheologists. The lack of reliable biological sex estimation methods for subadults has, thus, greatly limited forensic and bioarcheological analyses. Auricular surface elevation showed promise as a subadult sex estimation method in previous studies. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/1556-4029.14011
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14011DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads