27,558,239 results match your criteria Journal of dental hygiene : JDH / American Dental Hygienists' Association[Journal]

  • Page 1 of 551165

[The role of food in prevention and correction of iodine deficiency in the endemic territory].

Vopr Pitan 2018 13;87(5):27-36. Epub 2018 Sep 13.

Industrial University of Tyumen.

Iodine supply remains the global problem due to the wide prevalence and a wide range of clinical manifestations in all age groups of population. However, iodine deficiency is a nutritional deficiency and the solution of this problem lies in the organization of rational nutrition of the population. The purpose of this study was to examine the food features of the population of the mild iodine-deficient region from the standpoint of adequacy of iodine sufficiency. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.24411/0042-8833-2018-10050DOI Listing
September 2018

[The study of the metabolism of iodotyrosines included in the iodized milk protein in rats].

Vopr Pitan 2018 11;87(3):12-17. Epub 2018 May 11.

The Fund for the Development of Science, Moscow.

In the course of evolution in animals and humans, a complex and effective system for providing the body with iodine in the form of various organic and inorganic compounds was developed. The metabolism of inorganic iodine has been studied quite well, in contrast to the mechanism of assimilation of its organic compounds. Among the latter, iodotyrosines, which are part of iodinated milk proteins, are of particular interest. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.24411/0042-8833-2018-10037DOI Listing

Inadvertent Rapid Lipid Emulsion Administration.

Isr Med Assoc J 2019 Feb;21(2):129-130

Institute of Gastroenterology, Nutrition, and Liver Disease, Schneider Children's Medical Center of Israel, Petah Tikva, Israel.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
February 2019

Bilateral Diaphragmatic Paralysis: A Rare but not to be Neglected Cause of Dyspnea.

Isr Med Assoc J 2019 Feb;21(2):126-129

Zabludowicz Center for Autoimmune Diseases, Sheba Medical Center, Israel.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
February 2019

Immunoglobulin G4-Related Disease Presenting with Clinical Similarity to Churg-Strauss Syndrome.

Isr Med Assoc J 2019 Feb;21(2):124-125

Department of Internal Medicine, Meir Medical Center, Kfar Saba, affiliated with Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
February 2019

Ultrasound-Guided Botulinum Toxin Injections into the Salivary Glands for the Treatment of Drooling.

Isr Med Assoc J 2019 Feb;21(2):116-119

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, affiliated with Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Background: Drooling is the unintentional loss of saliva from the mouth, usually caused by poor coordination of the swallowing mechanism. It is commonly seen in patients with chronic neurologic disorders, such as Parkinson's disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), cerebral palsy, and stroke, as well as in patients with cognitive impairment and dementia.

Objectives: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of ultrasound-guided botulinum toxin injections into the parotid and submandibular salivary glands for the treatment of drooling. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
February 2019

Hospitalization for Respiratory Syncytial Virus Bronchiolitis in the Palivizumab Prophylaxis Era: Need for Reconsideration of Preventive Timing and Eligibility.

Isr Med Assoc J 2019 Feb;21(2):110-115

Department of Pediatrics A, Schneider Children's Medical Center, Petah Tikva, Israel.

Background: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)-related bronchiolitis is a common cause of morbidity in young infants. The recommendations for its passive prevention by palivizumab are currently under intensive debate.

Objectives: To elucidate the optimal prevention strategy by studying the morbidity of RSV disease under the current recommendations for palivizumab prophylaxis in Israel. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
February 2019

Nationwide Survey of Intratympanic Steroids for the Management of Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss.

Isr Med Assoc J 2019 Feb;21(2):105-109

Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Western Galilee Medical Center, Nahariya, Israel.

Background: The currently accepted treatment for idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSHL) is systemic steroids as first-line and intratympanic steroids as salvage therapy. Intratympanic (IT) treatment is applied worldwide in many different ways with no universally accepted protocol.

Objectives: To present the current disparity in ISSHL management and to discuss the necessity for establishing a common national protocol. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
February 2019

Ga-PSMA PET/CT Staging of Newly Diagnosed Intermediate- and High-Risk Prostate Cancer.

Isr Med Assoc J 2019 Feb;21(2):100-104

Department of Nuclear Medicine, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv, affiliated with Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Background: Ga-prostate-specific membrane antigen positron emission tomography/computerized tomography (Ga-PSMA PET/CT) is part of the initial workup of patients with intermediate and high-risk prostate cancer provided by the Israeli national health services.

Objectives: To assess the incidence of metastatic spread in consecutive patients with newly diagnosed cancer, and the potential added value of Ga-PSMA PET/CT to the staging imaging algorithm.

Methods: Patients with newly diagnosed intermediate- and high-risk prostate cancer were referred for initial staging by Ga-PSMA PET/CT between May 2016 and April 2017. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
February 2019

Hyperchloremia and Diuresis in Children Undergoing Scoliosis Surgery: A Retrospective Cohort Study.

Isr Med Assoc J 2019 Feb;21(2):94-99

Division of Anesthesiology, Critical Care and Pain Medicine, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Background: Hyperchloremia is frequent in adult surgical patients and is associated with renal dysfunction. Studies in surgical pediatric patients are lacking.

Objectives: To identify both the incidence of postoperative hyperchloremia in children undergoing surgery for idiopathic and non-idiopathic scoliosis, and the association of postoperative hyperchloremia with intraoperative fluid management and postoperative diuresis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
February 2019

Maternal and Neonatal Complications of Pregnant Women with Mitral Stenosis.

Isr Med Assoc J 2019 Feb;21(2):88-93

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Israel.

Background: Rheumatic mitral stenosis (MS) is a relatively rare diagnosis in the developed countries and its treatment during pregnancy is challenging due to hemodynamic changes. With the demographic changes due to recent waves of immigration an increase in the prevalence of rheumatic heart disease is expected.

Objectives: To evaluate maternal and neonatal complications in patients with mitral stenosis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
February 2019

Unilateral Renal Agenesis Diagnosed on Early Prenatal Trans-Vaginal Scans.

Isr Med Assoc J 2019 Feb;21(2):85-87

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Rambam Medical Center, affiliated with Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel.

Background: Unilateral renal agenesis is a rare finding. There are no large-scale studies reporting this finding in early pregnancy.

Objectives: To evaluate the incidence of unilateral renal agenesis (URA) and of associated anomalies diagnosed by early prenatal trans-vaginal sonography. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
February 2019

Comparative Study of Frozen and Paraffin-Embedded Sections: Evaluation of Inflammatory Dermatoses.

Isr Med Assoc J 2019 Feb;21(2):82-84

Department of Dermatology, Sourasky Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Background: Frozen section (FS) is often performed when histopathological evaluations are urgently required for implementation of therapeutic measures. In dermatology, this method is most commonly used to evaluate excision margins of tumors. FS are also routinely employed to differentiate toxic epidermal necrolysis from staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
February 2019

Case-Control Retrospective Study of Child Sexual Abuse History among Psychiatric Consultations in a General Hospital Emergency Room.

Isr Med Assoc J 2019 Feb;21(2):77-81

Department of Consultation and Liaison Psychiatry, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel.

Background: A history of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) has been linked to a variety of physical and psychiatric illnesses, including ischemic heart disease and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Objectives: To determine the prevalence of past CSA and re-traumatization among hospital psychiatric consultations and to determine whether a CSA group in a hospital setting shared characteristics with community samples described in the literature.

Methods: We divided 228 consecutive psychiatric consultations into two groups. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
February 2019

Inhibition of endothelial Progenitor Cells Inhibition in the first 24 hours of an Acute Ischemic Cerebrovascular Event.

Isr Med Assoc J 2019 Feb;21(2):71-76

Department of Medicine, Padeh Medical Center, Poriya, Israel.

Background: Endothelial progenitor cells may have a role in ongoing endothelial repair. Impaired mobilization or depletion of these cells may contribute to progression of vascular disease. Our hypothesis was that endothelial progenitor cells would be suppressed in patients with acute cerebrovascular event based on our previous study that found severe endothelial dysfunction in those patients. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
February 2019

Transcriptomic evidence for immaturity induced by antidepressant fluoxetine in the hippocampus and prefrontal cortex.

Neuropsychopharmacol Rep 2019 Feb 16. Epub 2019 Feb 16.

Division of Systems Medical Science, Institute for Comprehensive Medical Science, Fujita Health University, Toyoake, Japan.

Aims: The molecular and cellular mechanisms underlying the antidepressant effects of fluoxetine in the brain are not fully understood. Emerging evidence has led to the hypothesis that chronic fluoxetine treatment induces dematuration of certain types of mature neurons in rodents. These studies have focused on the properties of typical molecular and/or electrophysiological markers for neuronal maturation. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/npr2.12048DOI Listing
February 2019

Circle of Willis variations in migraine patients with ischemic stroke.

Brain Behav 2019 Feb 16:e01223. Epub 2019 Feb 16.

Department of Neurology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands.

Objectives: Migraine is a risk factor for stroke, which might be explained by a higher prevalence in anatomical variants in the circle of Willis (CoW). Here, we compared the presence of CoW variants in patients with stroke with and without migraine.

Materials And Methods: Participants were recruited from the prospective Dutch acute Stroke Study. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/brb3.1223DOI Listing
February 2019

Mesenteric adipose tissue B lymphocytes promote local and hepatic inflammation in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease mice.

J Cell Mol Med 2019 Feb 17. Epub 2019 Feb 17.

Department of Gastroenterology, Peking University People's Hospital, Beijing, P.R. China.

Mesenteric adipose tissue (MAT) inflammation is associated with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), and immune cells play pivotal roles in the inflammation of adipose tissue. Here, we investigated the roles of MAT B lymphocytes in NAFLD. Mice fed with high-fat diet (HFD) and normal diet (ND) were killed in time gradients (4, 8 and 12 weeks). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jcmm.14232DOI Listing
February 2019

The latest progress on miR-374 and its functional implications in physiological and pathological processes.

J Cell Mol Med 2019 Feb 17. Epub 2019 Feb 17.

Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong, China.

Non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) have been emerging players in cell development, differentiation, proliferation and apoptosis. Based on their differences in length and structure, they are subdivided into several categories including long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs >200nt), stable non-coding RNAs (60-300nt), microRNAs (miRs or miRNAs, 18-24nt), circular RNAs, piwi-interacting RNAs (26-31nt) and small interfering RNAs (about 21nt). Therein, miRNAs not only directly regulate gene expression through pairing of nucleotide bases between the miRNA sequence and a specific mRNA that leads to the translational repression or degradation of the target mRNA, but also indirectly affect the function of downstream genes through interactions with lncRNAs and circRNAs. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jcmm.14219DOI Listing
February 2019

Risk factors and self-perception for facial aging among Nepalese population.

J Cosmet Dermatol 2019 Feb 17. Epub 2019 Feb 17.

Department of Dermatology, B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal.

Background: Facial appearance has increasing importance to individuals and women, in particular. Till date, there are no reports of the extrinsic factors influencing skin aging in Nepalese population.

Objectives: To assess the risk factors and self-perception for facial aging in Nepalese population. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jocd.12885DOI Listing
February 2019

Extracellular vesicles from human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells improve nerve regeneration after sciatic nerve transection in rats.

J Cell Mol Med 2019 Feb 17. Epub 2019 Feb 17.

Department of Central Laboratory, The Affiliated Hospital of Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, China.

Peripheral nerve injury results in limited nerve regeneration and severe functional impairment. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are a remarkable tool for peripheral nerve regeneration. The involvement of human umbilical cord MSC-derived extracellular vesicles (hUCMSC-EVs) in peripheral nerve regeneration, however, remains unknown. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jcmm.14190DOI Listing
February 2019

Local oestrogen therapy modulates extracellular matrix and immune response in the vaginal tissue of post-menopausal women with severe pelvic organ prolapse.

J Cell Mol Med 2019 Feb 17. Epub 2019 Feb 17.

Department of Physiology, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.

This study investigates the effect of local oestrogen therapy (LET) on the expression of proteins participating in collagen/elastin biogenesis and immune markers in vaginal tissues of post-menopausal women with severe pelvic organ prolapse (POP). Vaginal biopsies were collected from the anterior vaginal wall of informed and consented 52 post-menopausal women with severe POP undergoing total hysterectomy. Twenty-nine of the 52 women were treated with LET (in the form of vaginal oestrogen cream or tablet), while the remaining 23 untreated patients served as the controls. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jcmm.14199DOI Listing
February 2019

Contemporary Concise Review 2018: Lung cancer and pleural disease.

Respirology 2019 Feb 16. Epub 2019 Feb 16.

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Royal Brompton Hospital, London, UK.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/resp.13499DOI Listing
February 2019

Nutrition and its role in human evolution.

J Intern Med 2019 Feb 17. Epub 2019 Feb 17.

Vice Chancellor and Dean for Agriculture and Life Sciences, Texas A&M AgriLife, College Station, TX, USA.

Our understanding of human evolution has improved rapidly over recent decades, facilitated by large-scale cataloguing of genomic variability amongst both modern and archaic humans. It seems clear that the evolution of the ancestors of chimpanzees and hominins separated 7-9 million years ago with some migration out of Africa by the earlier hominins; Homo sapiens slowly emerged as climate change resulted in drier, less forested African conditions. The African populations expanded and evolved in many different conditions with slow mutation and selection rates in the human genome, but with much more rapid mutation occurring in mitochondrial DNA. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/joim.12878DOI Listing
February 2019

Potential role of Anitschkow cells in cardiovascular disease in human and veterinary medicine: A review of the literature.

Anat Histol Embryol 2019 Feb 17. Epub 2019 Feb 17.

Department of Veterinary Sciences, University of Turin, Grugliasco, Turin, Italy.

Anitschkow cells (AC) are a peculiar type of stromal cells observed in myocardium, cardiac valves and coronary vessels wall whose origin, characterization and role remain controversial. In human heart, they represent a histological hallmark of Aschoff nodules in rheumatic fever, but they have also been observed in other myocardial pathologies. Firstly, they have been considered a myocyte-derived cells, but light microscopy, immunohistochemical and ultrastructural studies pointed out that a macrophagic/histiocytic origin cannot be excluded. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ahe.12433DOI Listing
February 2019

Vertebral heart size in healthy Australian cattle dog.

Anat Histol Embryol 2019 Feb 17. Epub 2019 Feb 17.

Department of Veterinary Medicine, Agroveterinary Sciences Center, State University of Santa Catarina (CAV / UDESC), Lages, Brazil.

The vertebral heart score or size (VHS) measurement is routinely used to provide a more objective measurement of cardiomegaly in dogs. However, breed or body conformation can influence the VHS. To assess the specific VHS for the Australian Cattle Dog, left-to-right lateral, right-to-left lateral, dorsoventral and ventrodorsal thoracic radiographs from 20 individuals free from cardiac and pulmonary disease were obtained. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ahe.12434DOI Listing
February 2019
  • Page 1 of 551165