6,552 results match your criteria Journal of consulting and clinical psychology[Journal]


Time-varying moderation of treatment outcomes by illness duration and comorbid depression in generalized anxiety disorder.

J Consult Clin Psychol 2019 Feb 4. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Department of Biobehavioral Health, Pennsylvania State University.

Objective: To extend the sparse literature on moderators, we used time-varying effect modeling (TVEM; Tan, Shiyko, Li, Li, & Dierker, 2012) to examine how depressive symptoms and duration of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) moderated effects of 3 treatments for GAD (applied relaxation [AR], cognitive-behavioral therapy [CBT], and nondirective therapy [ND]) over time using intensive repeated measures.

Method: In a secondary analysis of Borkovec and Costello (1993), 66 GAD clients were randomly assigned to AR (n = 23), CBT (n = 23), or ND (n = 20). Clients received 12 therapy sessions over 6 weeks, and after 2 weeks of posttreatment assessment, had 2 additional weekly fading sessions. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/ccp0000385
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000385DOI Listing
February 2019
7 Reads

Randomized cost-effectiveness trial of group interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) for prisoners with major depression.

J Consult Clin Psychol 2019 Feb 4. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Division of Dissemination and Training, National Center for PTSD.

Objective: This study tested the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) for major depressive disorder (MDD) among prisoners. It is the first fully powered randomized trial of any treatment (pharmacological or psychosocial) targeting MDD among incarcerated individuals.

Method: One hundred eighty-one male (n = 117) and female (n = 64) prisoners from prison facilities in 2 states were randomized to group IPT (delivered by master's-level and nonspecialist prison counselors) for MDD plus prison treatment as usual (TAU) or to TAU alone. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/ccp0000379
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000379DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Impact of a father-daughter physical activity program on girls' social-emotional well-being: A randomized controlled trial.

J Consult Clin Psychol 2019 Jan 14. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

Priority Research Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition.

Objective: To increase girls' well-being, strategies are needed to optimize their social-emotional competence during childhood. Although positive fathering is important for girls, many fathers discount their unique influence and few participate in interventions. The Dads And Daughters Exercising and Empowered (DADEE) program was developed to engage fathers and their daughters through shared physical activity experiences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000374DOI Listing
January 2019

Additive effectiveness of mindfulness meditation to a school-based brief cognitive-behavioral alcohol intervention for adolescents.

J Consult Clin Psychol 2019 Jan 14. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

Centre for Youth Substance Abuse Research.

Objective: This randomized controlled trial is the 1st study to evaluate the additive efficacy of mindfulness meditation to brief school-based universal cognitive behavior therapy (CBT + MM) for adolescent alcohol consumption. Previous studies have lacked strong controls for nonspecific effects, and treatment mechanisms remain unclear. The present study compared a CBT + MM condition to an active control CBT intervention with progressive muscle relaxation (CBT + PMR) for nonspecific effects and an assessment-only control (AoC). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000382DOI Listing
January 2019

Change mechanisms in psychotherapy: Both improved insight and improved affective awareness are necessary.

J Consult Clin Psychol 2019 Jan 10. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Department of Psychology, University of Oslo.

Objective: Insight and affect awareness are correlated with outcome in a number of studies across different treatment orientations. In this study, we perform a full mediational analysis to examine whether improvement of both cognitive insight and affect awareness are mediators of the specific effects of transference work in dynamic psychotherapy.

Method: This was a dismantling randomized controlled clinical trial specifically designed to study long-term effects of transference work (exploration of problematic patterns in the therapeutic relationship). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000381DOI Listing
January 2019

Changes in parental prosody mediate effect of parent-training intervention on infant language production.

J Consult Clin Psychol 2018 Dec 27. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Department of Psychology.

Objective: Parent-training interventions to reduce behavior problems in young children typically coach parents on the content of their speech, but rarely assess parents' prosody during parent-child interactions. Infant-directed speech helps shape the parent-infant relationship and promote language development, which predicts adaptive behavioral outcomes in children. The current study examined (a) the effect of a parent-training intervention on parents' vocal cues in interactions with their infant and (b) whether parental prosody mediated the impact of the intervention on infant language production. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000375DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Treatment integrity in psychotherapy research and implications for the delivery of quality mental health services.

J Consult Clin Psychol 2018 Dec 27. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Department of Psychology.

Objective: Treatment integrity, or the degree to which an intervention is delivered as intended, serves a crucial function as an independent variable check in treatment outcome research. Implementation science focuses on understanding and improving the processes (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000370DOI Listing
December 2018

Family therapy techniques and one-year clinical outcomes among adolescents in usual care for behavior problems.

J Consult Clin Psychol 2018 Dec 27. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse.

Objective: This study tested whether use of family therapy (FT) techniques predicted long-term clinical outcomes in usual care for adolescents enrolled in either family-based or non-family-based treatment for conduct and substance use problems.

Method: Participants included 70 adolescents (53% female; mean age 15.4 years) from diverse backgrounds (64% Hispanic, 16% African American, 11% multiracial) assessed at baseline and 3-, 6-, and 12-month follow-up. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000376DOI Listing
December 2018

An Internet-based controlled trial of interpretation bias modification versus progressive muscle relaxation for body dysmorphic disorder.

J Consult Clin Psychol 2018 Dec 27. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Department of Psychology.

Objective: The current study extended upon previous research efforts by evaluating the utility and feasibility of an 8-session Internet-based interpretation bias modification (IBM) training protocol targeting evaluation- and appearance-related threat biases characteristic of the disorder compared to a progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) condition for treatment of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD).

Method: Fifty participants with BDD were recruited from across the United States and randomly assigned to eight sessions of either IBM or PMR. Assessments of interpretation bias, BDD symptoms, depression, and anxiety were administered at pretreatment, 1-week posttreatment, and 3-month follow-up. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000372DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Measures of psychosocial care utilization in a national sample of cancer patients.

J Consult Clin Psychol 2018 Dec 27. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Cancer Prevention Research Center.

Objective: Cancer is one of the most physically and emotionally debilitating diseases. Despite evidence that psychosocial care can improve psychological and physiological functioning, as few as 4.4% of patients are willing to engage in psychosocial treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000369DOI Listing
December 2018

The effect of implementation climate on program fidelity and student outcomes in autism support classrooms.

J Consult Clin Psychol 2018 Dec 20. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

Department of Psychiatry.

Objective: An organization's implementation climate, or the extent to which use of an intervention is expected, supported, and rewarded by colleagues and supervisors, has been identified as critical to successful intervention implementation and outcomes. The effect of implementation climate has not been well studied in special education settings. The present study examines the association between teachers' perceptions of implementation climate, teacher fidelity to a school-based program for students with autism, and student outcomes (measured as changes in IQ) over time. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/ccp0000368
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000368DOI Listing
December 2018
7 Reads

The validity of risk assessment instruments for transition-age youth.

J Consult Clin Psychol 2019 Feb 20;87(2):171-183. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

Systems for Psychosocial Advances Research Center (SPARC).

Objective: There is increasing recognition in the justice system that transition-age youth (TAY) are in a unique developmental period that may require tailored policies and practices. This study investigated the differential predictive validity and potential for disparate impact of both juvenile (the Structured Assessment of Violence Risk for Youth and Youth Level of Service/Case Management Inventory) and adult risk assessment instruments (the Historical-Clinical-Risk Management-20 [HCR-20] and the Violence Risk Appraisal Guide [VRAG]) with this age group (ages 16-24), relative to adolescents (ages 12-15) or older adults (ages 25-40).

Method: The authors obtained secondary data sets for the 4 instruments totaling 3,353 cases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000366DOI Listing
February 2019

A multimethod screening approach for pediatric depression onset: An incremental validity study.

J Consult Clin Psychol 2019 Feb 20;87(2):184-197. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

Department of Psychology.

Objective: Screening protocols that rely on a single informant are inadequate in predicting pediatric depression. Multi-informant and risk factor screening approaches are potentially more sensitive methods for identifying depression risk, but the incremental validity of these protocols has not been adequately tested. Using a translational analytic approach and multimethod, longitudinal study design, we simultaneously tested several multi-indicator approaches to depression screening to identify an optimal algorithm for predicting depression onset in youth. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/ccp0000364
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000364DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6336512PMC
February 2019
8 Reads

Cognitive behavioral therapy for social activation in recent-onset psychosis: Randomized controlled trial.

J Consult Clin Psychol 2019 Feb 20;87(2):151-160. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

Department of Psychiatry.

Objective: Negative symptoms largely account for poor outcome in psychotic disorders but remain difficult to treat. A cognitive-behavioral approach to these symptoms showed promise in chronic schizophrenia patients. We explored whether a combination of group and individual treatment focused on social activation (CBTsa) could benefit patients recently diagnosed with a psychotic disorder. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/ccp0000362
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000362DOI Listing
February 2019
10 Reads

Trajectories and predictors of response in youth anxiety CBT: Integrative data analysis.

J Consult Clin Psychol 2019 Feb 20;87(2):198-211. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

Department of Statistics and Biostatistics.

Objective: Integrative data analysis was used to combine existing data from nine trials of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for anxious youth ( = 832) and identify trajectories of symptom change and predictors of trajectories.

Method: Youth- and parent-reported anxiety symptoms were combined using item-response theory models. Growth mixture modeling assessed for trajectories of treatment response across pre-, mid-, and posttreatment and 1-year follow-up. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000367DOI Listing
February 2019

Preliminary evidence is promising, but challenges remain in providing service dogs to veterans: Commentary on preliminary efficacy of service dogs as a complementary treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder in military members and veterans (O'Haire & Rodriguez, 2018).

J Consult Clin Psychol 2019 Jan;87(1):118-121

Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research.

Objective: Veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are interested in service dogs to manage or reduce symptoms. Until recently, evidence was anecdotal with few research studies documenting the feasibility or benefits of service dogs for veterans. In the past year, new studies have presented preliminary evidence on the benefits of service dogs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000352DOI Listing
January 2019

Little evidence for late-onset ADHD in a longitudinal sample of women.

J Consult Clin Psychol 2019 Jan;87(1):112-117

Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley.

Objective: Individuals with late-onset symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are presenting to providers at increasing rates. Recent birth-cohort studies reveal evidence for late-onset ADHD, but conclusions are challenged by measurement methods as well as presence of participant impairment and psychiatric comorbidities. We examined the occurrence of late-onset ADHD in a small but thoroughly investigated group of diverse (47% white) women followed from childhood to adulthood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000353DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

A combined mindfulness-prolonged chewing intervention reduces body weight, food craving, and emotional eating.

J Consult Clin Psychol 2019 Jan;87(1):106-111

Department of Psychology and Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Salzburg.

Objective: Conventional weight-loss programs that induce a calorie deficit mostly fail in long-term weight reduction and disadvantageous eating styles often remain unchanged. Mindfulness interventions therefore redirect the focus away from the weight-loss goal and toward the process of eating itself. By eating more mindfully, at a slower pace, and with an enhanced focus on bodily sensations, participants might not only indirectly reduce their daily calorie intake but also eat less craving and stress driven. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000361DOI Listing
January 2019

Meta-analysis of the efficacy of psychological and medical treatments for binge-eating disorder.

J Consult Clin Psychol 2019 Jan;87(1):91-105

Integrated Research and Treatment Center Adiposity Diseases, Department of Medical Psychology, University of Leipzig.

Objective: To provide a comprehensive meta-analysis on the efficacy of psychological and medical treatments for binge-eating disorder (BED), including those targeting weight loss.

Method: Through a systematic search before March 2018, 81 published and unpublished randomized-controlled trials (RCTs), totaling 7,515 individuals with BED (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Fourth Edition [DSM-IV] and Fifth Edition [DSM-5]), were retrieved and analyzed using random-effect modeling.

Results: In RCTs with inactive control groups, psychotherapy, mostly consisting of cognitive-behavioral therapy, showed large-size effects for the reduction of binge-eating episodes and abstinence from binge eating, followed by structured self-help treatment with medium-to-large effects when compared with wait-list. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000358DOI Listing
January 2019

Randomized trial of a dissonance-based group treatment for eating disorders versus a supportive mindfulness group treatment.

J Consult Clin Psychol 2019 Jan;87(1):79-90

Oregon Research Institute.

Objective: This report evaluates a dissonance-based group eating disorder treatment designed to be a cost-effective front-line transdiagnostic treatment that could be more widely implemented than extant treatments that are more intensive and expensive relative to a supportive mindfulness group treatment typical of that offered at colleges.

Method: Young women with eating disorders (N = 84) were randomized to 8-week dissonance-based Body Project treatment (BPT) or supportive mindfulness treatment, completing diagnostic interviews and questionnaires at pretest, posttest, and 6-month follow up.

Results: Regarding primary outcomes, by 6-month follow up 77% of BPT participants no longer met diagnosis for an eating disorder versus 60% of supportive mindfulness participants (relative risk ratio = 2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000365DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6309312PMC
January 2019

Editorial.

Authors:
Joanne Davila

J Consult Clin Psychol 2019 Jan;87(1):1-2

Stony Brook University.

This editorial provides a new policy going forward, and reaffirms a key policy issue for journal article reporting standards to (JCCP). JCCP will now require all clinical trials presenting analyses of primary outcomes to be registered. By clinical trials, the author means those studies designed to examine the efficacy or effectiveness of a treatment or preventive intervention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000380DOI Listing
January 2019

Prevention of anxiety and depression in school children: Effectiveness of the transdiagnostic EMOTION program.

J Consult Clin Psychol 2019 Feb 13;87(2):212-219. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Centre for Child and Adolescent Mental Health, Eastern and Southern Norway.

Objective: The objective of the study was to examine the effectiveness of a transdiagnostic program (EMOTION, Coping Kids Managing Anxiety and Depression) targeting symptoms of anxiety and depression in schoolchildren by comparing the intervention condition (EC) to a control condition (CC).

Method: A clustered randomized design was used with schools as the unit of randomization. Children ( = 1686) aged 8-12 years in 36 schools completed screening using the Multidimensional Anxiety Scale (MASC-Child) and The Mood and Feelings Questionnaire Short version (SMFQ-Child). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000360DOI Listing
February 2019

Reducing intrusive memories of trauma using a visuospatial interference intervention with inpatients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

J Consult Clin Psychol 2018 Dec;86(12):1076-1090

Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy.

Objective: The core clinical feature of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is recurrent intrusive memories of trauma. This study aimed to test a novel and simple intervention, inspired by the concepts of concurrent task interference and memory reconsolidation, to reduce the occurrence of intrusive memories among inpatients with complex PTSD.

Method: In this open-label single case series 20 patients with longstanding complex PTSD in inpatient treatment monitored the occurrence of intrusive trauma memories (intrusions) over the course of their admission (5 to 10 weeks). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000340DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

A randomized control trial of a deviance regulation theory intervention to increase alcohol protective strategies.

J Consult Clin Psychol 2018 Dec;86(12):1061-1075

Department of Psychology.

Objective: Normative feedback remains an effective approach to reducing alcohol use among college students. However, this approach is difficult to extend to protective behavioral strategies (PBS), which are proximal to alcohol-related problems. Deviance regulation theory (DRT) is a social psychology theory that posits individuals engage in behaviors to standout out in positive ways or avoid standing out in negative ways. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000347DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6292690PMC
December 2018

Sustaining attendance at a mental health service: A randomized controlled trial.

J Consult Clin Psychol 2018 Dec;86(12):1056-1060

Department of Psychology and Neuroscience.

Objective: A substantial proportion of psychotherapeutic treatments are prematurely terminated because the client discontinues attendance. Interventions have been developed to reduce premature termination, but these are only moderately effective and often place considerable burden on clients and services. This research evaluated a brief, low-cost self-regulation intervention (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000341DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Evaluative conditioning as a body image intervention for adolescents with eating disorders.

J Consult Clin Psychol 2018 Dec;86(12):1046-1055

Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University.

Objective: The aim was to investigate whether a computer-based evaluative conditioning intervention improves body image in adolescents with an eating disorder. Positive effects were found in earlier studies in healthy female students in a laboratory and a field setting. This study is the first to test evaluative conditioning in a clinical sample under less controlled circumstances. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/ccp0000311
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000311DOI Listing
December 2018
9 Reads

Towards personalized, brain-based behavioral intervention for transdiagnostic anxiety: Transient neural responses to negative images predict outcomes following a targeted computer-based intervention.

J Consult Clin Psychol 2018 Dec;86(12):1031-1045

Deparments of Psychiatry and Psychology, University of Pittsburgh.

Objective: Clinical anxiety is prevalent, highly comorbid with other conditions, and associated with significant medical morbidity, disability, and public health burden. Excessive attentional deployment toward threat is a transdiagnostic dimension of anxiety seen at both initial and sustained stages of threat processing. However, group-level observations of these phenomena mask considerable within-group heterogeneity that has been linked to treatment outcomes, suggesting that a transdiagnostic, individual differences approach may capture critical, clinically relevant information. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000309DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6287282PMC
December 2018

Interpretation training to target repetitive negative thinking in generalized anxiety disorder and depression.

J Consult Clin Psychol 2018 Dec;86(12):1017-1030

Department of Psychology, University of California, Davis.

Objective: Repetitive negative thinking (RNT) for example, worry in generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) and rumination in depression, is often targeted during psychological treatments. To test the hypothesis that negative interpretation bias contributes to worry and rumination, we assessed the effects of inducing more positive interpretations in reducing RNT.

Method: Volunteers diagnosed with GAD (66) or depression (65) were randomly allocated to one of two versions of cognitive bias modification for interpretation (CBM-I), either with or without RNT priming prior to training, or a control condition, each involving 10 Internet-delivered sessions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000310DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Relapse prevention in abstinent alcoholics by cognitive bias modification: Clinical effects of combining approach bias modification and attention bias modification.

J Consult Clin Psychol 2018 Dec;86(12):1005-1016

Salus Clinic Lindow.

Objective: Alcohol-dependent patients show attentional and approach biases for alcohol-related stimuli. Computerized cognitive bias modification (CBM) programs aim to retrain these biases and reduce relapse rates as add-ons to treatment. Retraining of alcohol-approach tendencies has already yielded significant reductions of relapse rates in previous studies, and retraining of biased attention toward alcohol is promising approach. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000321DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

A randomized controlled trial of inhibitory control training for the reduction of alcohol consumption in problem drinkers.

J Consult Clin Psychol 2018 Dec;86(12):991-1004

Department of Psychological Sciences.

Objective: We conducted a randomized controlled trial to compare the effects of three types of Internet-delivered Inhibitory Control Training (ICT) with each other and with an active control intervention on alcohol consumption in a community sample of problem drinkers.

Method: Two hundred and 46 heavy drinkers, who were motivated to reduce their alcohol consumption (mean age 41.32, 130 female) self-monitored their alcohol consumption for 1 week before being randomized to receive 1 of 3 variants of ICT (Associative No-Go, Associative Stop Signal, General Inhibition) or an active control. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000312DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6277130PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Go/no-go training changes food evaluation in both morbidly obese and normal-weight individuals.

J Consult Clin Psychol 2018 Dec;86(12):980-990

Behavioural Science Institute.

Objective: Not responding to appetitive food items in the go/no-go training has been shown to reduce the evaluation of these items in normal-weight university students. In this preregistered study, we administered an identical go/no-go training in both morbidly obese individuals and normal-weight university students, to assess whether findings from laboratory studies on go/no-go training performed in university environments can be translated to clinical settings.

Method: Obese individuals (N = 59, 14 males, M = 46. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000320DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Can working memory training work for ADHD? Development of central executive training and comparison with behavioral parent training.

J Consult Clin Psychol 2018 Dec;86(12):964-979

Department of Psychology, Florida State University.

Objective: Working memory deficits have been linked experimentally and developmentally with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)-related symptoms/impairments. Unfortunately, substantial evidence indicates that extant working memory training programs fail to improve these symptoms/impairments. We hypothesized that this discrepancy may reflect insufficient targeting, such that extant protocols do not adequately engage the specific working memory components linked with the disorder's behavioral/functional impairments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000308DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6287280PMC
December 2018
5 Reads

Introduction to the special issue on translating basic science into clinical practice.

J Consult Clin Psychol 2018 Dec;86(12):961-963

Maastricht University.

The goal of this special issue is to highlight examples of translational research, wherein findings or principles from basic science are translated into efficacious prevention and treatment interventions for a public health problem. Bridging the gap between basic research and clinical practice has several advantages. First, basic science findings often emerge from rigorous randomized experiments that have isolated the effects of a particular manipulation, which can allow firmer scientific inferences than findings from less rigorous research designs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000371DOI Listing
December 2018

Anger-reduction treatment reduces negative affect reactivity to daily stressors.

J Consult Clin Psychol 2019 Feb 3;87(2):141-150. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University Medical Center.

Objective: Negative affect (NA) reactivity to daily stressors may confer health risks over and above stress exposure, especially in chronically angry adults. This randomized controlled trial tests the hypothesis that a 12-week cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) anger-reduction treatment would decrease NA reactivity to daily stressors assessed via ambulatory diary for those in treatment, but not on a wait-list for treatment.

Method: Healthy adults (N = 158, aged 20-45 years, 53. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/ccp0000359
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000359DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6336501PMC
February 2019
34 Reads

Strengthening resilience in military officer cadets: A group-randomized controlled trial of coping and emotion regulatory self-reflection training.

J Consult Clin Psychol 2019 Feb 29;87(2):125-140. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Directorate of Strategic and Operational Mental Health.

Objective: This group-randomized control trial examined the efficacy of guided coping and emotion regulatory self-reflection as a means to strengthen resilience by testing the effects of the training on anxiety and depression symptoms and perceived stressor frequency after an intensive stressor period.

Method: The sample was 226 officer cadets training at the Royal Military College, Australia. Cadets were randomized by platoon to the self-reflection ( = 130) or coping skills training ( = 96). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000356DOI Listing
February 2019

Therapists' empathic accuracy toward their clients' emotions.

J Consult Clin Psychol 2019 Jan 26;87(1):33-45. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Psychology.

Objective: Therapists' empathic accuracy (EA) toward their clients' fluctuating emotions is a crucial clinical skill that underlies many therapeutic interventions. In contrast to the subjective components of empathy, limited empirical work has addressed EA or its effect on the outcomes of psychotherapy. Here, we differentiate between the components of EA (tracking accuracy, directional discrepancy) as well as the valence of the target emotions (positive vs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000354DOI Listing
January 2019

Increasing bystander behavior to prevent adolescent relationship violence: A randomized controlled trial.

J Consult Clin Psychol 2019 Jan 26;87(1):3-15. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Psychology.

Objective: The present research reports a randomized controlled trial evaluating TakeCARE, a video bystander program designed to help prevent relationship and sexual violence among high school students.

Method: High school students ( = 165) were randomly assigned to view TakeCARE or a control video. Students completed self-report measures of bystander behavior and bystander self-efficacy before viewing the videos. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000355DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6309203PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Working alliance predicts symptomatic improvement in public hospital-delivered psychotherapy in Nairobi, Kenya.

J Consult Clin Psychol 2019 Jan 15;87(1):46-55. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Nairobi.

Objective: Although patient-therapist collaboration (working alliance) has been studied extensively in Europe and America, it is unknown to what extent the importance of working alliance for psychotherapy outcome generalizes to lower- and middle-income countries. Additionally, there is a need for more studies on the alliance using methods that are robust to confounders of its effect on outcome.

Method: In this study, 345 outpatients seeking care at the 2 public psychiatric hospitals in Nairobi, Kenya, filled out the Session Alliance Inventory (SAI) and the Clinical Outcomes in Routine Evaluation-Outcome Measure (CORE-OM) during each session. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/ccp0000363
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000363DOI Listing
January 2019
11 Reads

Cognitive "insomnia" processes in delayed sleep-wake phase disorder: Do they exist and are they responsive to chronobiological treatment?

J Consult Clin Psychol 2019 Jan 15;87(1):16-32. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

College of Education, Psychology, and Social Work.

Objective: To systematically investigate whether cognitive "insomnia" processes are implicated in adolescent Delayed Sleep-Wake Phase Disorder (DSWPD) and to examine whether these processes are responsive to chronobiological treatment.

Method: Sixty-three adolescents (M = 15.8 ± 2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000357DOI Listing
January 2019

Practice of therapy acquired regulatory skills and depressive relapse/recurrence prophylaxis following cognitive therapy or mindfulness based cognitive therapy.

J Consult Clin Psychol 2019 Feb 15;87(2):161-170. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Department of Psychology.

Background: To investigate whether usage of treatment-acquired regulatory skills is associated with prevention of depressive relapse/recurrence.

Method: Remitted depressed outpatients entered a 24-month clinical follow up after either 8 weekly group sessions of cognitive therapy (CT; N = 84) or mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT; N = 82). The primary outcome was symptom return meeting the criteria for major depression on Module A of the SCID. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/ccp0000351
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000351DOI Listing
February 2019
7 Reads

Risks, strengths, gender, and recidivism among justice-involved youth: A meta-analysis.

J Consult Clin Psychol 2018 Nov;86(11):931-945

Department of Psychology, Carleton University.

Objective: Debate ensues regarding female-specific risk and strength factors among adolescent offenders. Using meta-analysis, we examined whether risk and strength factors predicted recidivism differentially between male and female youth.

Method: Database searches identified 22 studies, representing 50,601 justice-involved youth (11,952 females and 38,649 males) and a total of 584 effect sizes. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/ccp0000343
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000343DOI Listing
November 2018
16 Reads

Effects of mental health interventions with Asian Americans: A review and meta-analysis.

J Consult Clin Psychol 2018 Nov;86(11):915-930

Department of Psychology.

Objective: Evidence demonstrating treatment efficacy for ethnic minorities has grown in recent years; however, Asian Americans (i.e., of East Asian or Southeast Asian heritage) are mostly excluded from recent reviews. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/ccp0000346
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000346DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

Does cessation fatigue predict smoking-cessation milestones? A longitudinal study of current and former smokers.

J Consult Clin Psychol 2018 Nov;86(11):903-914

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Medical University of South Carolina.

Objective: Long-term abstinence can be undermined by cessation fatigue-an exhaustion of coping resources attributable to quitting smoking/staying quit. The current study examines the predictive validity of a Cessation Fatigue Scale (CFS; three subscales). Among current smokers, we hypothesized higher fatigue would predict longer latency to both quit initiation and achieving 7-day point prevalence abstinence (7-day PPA). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000338DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6196734PMC
November 2018
11 Reads

Intraindividual variability in symptoms consistently predicts sudden gains: An examination of three independent datasets.

J Consult Clin Psychol 2018 Nov;86(11):892-902

Department of Psychology, University of Haifa.

Objective: Sudden gains are robust predictors of outcome in psychotherapy. However, previous attempts at predicting sudden gains have yielded inconclusive findings. The aim of the present study was to examine a novel, transdiagnostic, transtherapeutic predictor of sudden gains that would replicate in different settings and populations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000344DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Harmful and helpful therapy practices with consensually non-monogamous clients: Toward an inclusive framework.

J Consult Clin Psychol 2018 Nov;86(11):879-891

Department of Psychology, Chapman University.

Objective: Drawing on minority stress perspectives, we investigated the therapy experiences of individuals in consensually nonmonogamous (CNM) relationships.

Method: We recruited a community sample of 249 individuals engaged in CNM relationships across the U.S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000349DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Effectiveness of interpersonal psychotherapy-trauma for depressed women with childhood abuse histories.

J Consult Clin Psychol 2018 Oct;86(10):868-878

Private Practice.

Background: Women with depression and childhood sexual abuse histories constitute more than 20% of the female patient population in publicly funded community mental health centers (CMHCs). Interventions are needed that address depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and social health.

Method: We compared Interpersonal Psychotherapy-Trauma (IPT-T), an IPT adaptation for this population and setting, to Clinic Psychotherapy (CP). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000335DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6167992PMC
October 2018
18 Reads

Effects of the Family Check-Up on reducing growth in conduct problems from toddlerhood through school age: An analysis of moderated mediation.

J Consult Clin Psychol 2018 Oct;86(10):856-867

Department of Social Policy and Intervention, University of Oxford.

Objective: The Family Check-Up (FCU) is a preventive intervention found to significantly reduce child conduct problems (CP). This study examined the extent to which parents reported that their child's CP were a problem for them at baseline (baseline CP) as a moderator of FCU effects into middle childhood and moderated mediation models to explore positive parent-child dyadic interaction and maternal depressive symptoms as mediators.

Method: Participants included 731 mother-child dyads followed from child ages 2 to 9. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000337DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6207195PMC
October 2018