1,082 results match your criteria Journal of conservative dentistry : JCD[Journal]


Dentine hypersensitivity-like tooth pain associated with the use of high-dose steroid therapy.

J Conserv Dent 2019 Jan-Feb;22(1):102-106

Centre for Family Oral Health, Faculty of Dentistry, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Malaysia.

Although corticosteroid provides many clinical benefits, it may cause a range of side effects. A 47-year-old female patient presented with a complaint of pain from her teeth, triggered upon taking cold, hot, and sweet food and drink. From her medical history, she was previously diagnosed with ulcerative colitis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_113_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6385580PMC
March 2019
6 Reads

Effects of fruit vinegars on root dentin microhardness and roughness.

J Conserv Dent 2019 Jan-Feb;22(1):97-101

Department of Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Selcuk University, Konya, Turkey.

Aims: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of newly proposed irrigants; the pomegranate, apple cider, and grape vinegars in comparison with contemporary irrigants; sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl), chlorhexidine gluconate (CHX), and octenidine-hydrochloride (OCT) on microhardness and surface roughness of human root canal dentin.

Subjects And Methods: The crowns of the 105 mandibular incisor teeth were removed, and roots were separated longitudinally. Root halves were embedded in acrylic-resin and were ground flat. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_394_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6385574PMC
March 2019
7 Reads

A 1-year comparative evaluation of clinical performance of nanohybrid composite with Activa™ bioactive composite in Class II carious lesion: A randomized control study.

J Conserv Dent 2019 Jan-Feb;22(1):92-96

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, K. M. Shah Dental College, Sumandeep Vidyapeeth, Vadodara, Gujarat, India.

Aim: The aim of this study was to compare and evaluate the clinical performance of nanohybrid composite with Activa™ bioactive composites in Class II carious lesion.

Methodology: After ethical approval, patients were selected according to the inclusion-exclusion criteria with minimum of two carious lesions in a single patient. Lesions were randomly divided into two groups: Group A - nanohybrid composite and Group B - Activa™ bioactive composite. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_511_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6385569PMC
March 2019
1 Read

An comparative evaluation of commonly consumed catechu and catechu with lime on surface roughness and color stability of the conventional nano-hybrid composite.

J Conserv Dent 2019 Jan-Feb;22(1):87-91

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, K. M. Shah Dental College, Sumandeep Vidyapeeth, Vadodara, Gujarat, India.

Aim: Comparative evaluation of commonly consumed catechu and catechu with lime on surface roughness and color stability of the conventional nano-hybrid composite.

Methodology: A total of 50 uniform cylindrical disks of 10-mm diameter and 2-mm thickness prepared from the nano-hybrid composite were used in the study. Each sample was randomly divided into three subgroups of 20 samples each in two experimental groups (catechu, catechu, and lime) and 10 samples in the control group (artificial saliva). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_181_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6385565PMC
March 2019
1 Read

A comparative evaluation of the three different antioxidant treatments on the bond strength of composite resin to bleached enamel: An study.

J Conserv Dent 2019 Jan-Feb;22(1):82-86

Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics, Government Dental College, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India.

Context: Natural antioxidants have capacity to neutralize the action of free radicles, therefore, effective in reversal of compromised bond strength.

Aims: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of three different antioxidant treatments on the bond strength of composite resin to bleached enamel.

Materials And Methods: Ninety extracted human anterior teeth were divided into five groups: Group I ( = 10) - control group no bleaching, Group II ( = 20) - bleaching with 35% carbamide peroxide gel, Group III ( = 20): bleaching with application of 10% sodium ascorbate, Group IV ( = 20): bleaching with application of 6. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_193_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6385577PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Bonding strengths to porcelain: An study of ultrasonic and conventional tooth preparation and etching.

J Conserv Dent 2019 Jan-Feb;22(1):76-81

Department of Applied Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.

Objective: To compare the bond strength of porcelain to enamel and dentin preparations finished with either ultrasonic instruments or diamond burs, with or without acid etching.

Materials And Methods: A total of 140 extracted bovine incisor teeth were divided into two groups, enamel and dentin. A split tooth model was employed: each tooth having a randomly allocated combination of diamond burs, ultrasonic instrument, etching, and no etching treatments on their labial surface. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_302_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6385573PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Perception of smile attractiveness among orthodontists, restorative dentists, and laypersons in Saudi Arabia.

J Conserv Dent 2019 Jan-Feb;22(1):69-75

Consultant of Restorative Dentistry Prince Sultan Military Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Background: A smile is defined as a universal welcome. The perception of smile attractiveness is affected by the persons' social background and their own experiences. The existing literature states that orthodontists, restorative dentists, and laypersons have different opinions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_429_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6385572PMC
March 2019
8 Reads

Evaluation of the effect of home bleaching gel on microleakage of different glass ionomers reinforced with micro-hydroxyapatite.

J Conserv Dent 2019 Jan-Feb;22(1):64-68

Department of Operative Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of home bleaching gel on microleakage of glass-ionomer cements reinforced with micro-hydroxyapatite (HAP).

Methods: Class V cavities prepared on the forty extracted third molars were restored in four groups ( = 10): Group 1, Zirconomer; Group 2, resin-modified glass ionomer (RMGI); Group 3, Zirconomer + micro-HAP (20% WT); and Group 4, RMGI + micro-HAP (20% WT). After thermocycling (1000 cycles at 5 ± 2/55 ± 2°C, a dwell time of 30 s), each group was randomly divided into two groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_312_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6385584PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Effect of different core design made of computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing system and veneering technique on the fracture resistance of zirconia crowns: A laboratory study.

J Conserv Dent 2019 Jan-Feb;22(1):59-63

Department of Fixed Prosthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Damascus University, Damascus, Syria.

Background: It is unclear how the different core designs made of computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) system and veneering techniques affect the fracture resistance of endodontically treated teeth.

Aim: The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of different core designs made of CAD/CAM system and veneering techniques on the fracture resistance of zirconia ceramic crowns.

Materials And Methods: Two types of zirconia copings were designed; the first one with circumferential 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_426_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6385581PMC
March 2019
3 Reads

Effect of pretreatment medication on postendodontic pain: A double-blind, placebo-controlled study.

J Conserv Dent 2019 Jan-Feb;22(1):54-58

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, GITAM Dental College and Hospital, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Background: Posttreatment endodontic pain has been reported in 25%-40% of all endodontic patients. Effective management of endodontic pain represents a continuing challenge.

Aim: To evaluate and compare the efficacy of preoperative single dose of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, piroxicam (20 mg), with two types of corticosteroid drugs - dexamethasone (4 mg) or deflazacort (30 mg) - for the prevention and control of postendodontic pain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_135_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6385568PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Effect of varying durations of intracanal medicament application used in regenerative endodontic treatment on the push-out bond strength of a novel cement: NeoMTA Plus.

J Conserv Dent 2019 Jan-Feb;22(1):48-53

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, SDM College of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Dharwad, Karnataka, India.

Aim: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of varying durations of intracanal medicament application used in regenerative endodontic treatment on the push out the bond strength of a novel cement-NeoMTA Plus.

Materials And Methods: A total of 60 extracted single-rooted maxillary anterior teeth were decoronated. Roots were instrumented uniformly until Peeso Reamer size #5 to simulate open apices. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_80_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6385570PMC
March 2019
21 Reads

Qualitative and quantitative analysis of precipitate formation following interaction of chlorhexidine with sodium hypochlorite, neem, and tulsi.

J Conserv Dent 2019 Jan-Feb;22(1):40-47

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Introduction: The interaction between chlorhexidine (CHX) and sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) yields a thick precipitate capable of occluding dentinal tubules. Previous studies are unclear as to the above-mentioned precipitate contains para-chloroaniline (PCA) or not. PCA is a known toxic and carcinogenic compound which may lead to methemoglobinemia in humans. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_284_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6385576PMC
March 2019
5 Reads

A relative assessment of essential oil of and along with calcium hydroxide and chlorhexidine gel against in root canal models.

J Conserv Dent 2019 Jan-Feb;22(1):34-39

Department of Molecular Bioprospection, CSIR-Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the antibacterial efficacy of two doses of vetiver and chamomile essential oils compared with chlorhexidine and calcium hydroxide against .

Materials And Methods: The growth inhibition and minimum inhibitory concentration of all tested materials were determined following agar diffusion and broth dilution assay procedure. Human maxillary anterior teeth were prepared with protaper rotary files, followed by incubation with standard broth of . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_69_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6385582PMC
March 2019
9 Reads

Comparative evaluation of radiopacity and cytotoxicity of platelet-rich fibrin, platelet-rich fibrin + 50wt% nano-hydroxyapatite, platelet-rich fibrin + 50wt% dentin chips: An study.

J Conserv Dent 2019 Jan-Feb;22(1):28-33

Department of Conservative Dentistry Endodontics, Tamil Nadu Government Dental College and Hospital, Tamil Nadu Dr. M. G. R. Medical University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Aims: The aim of this study is to impart radiopacity to platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) using two different bioactive agents (nano-hydroxyapatite [nHA] and dentin chips [DC]) and to assess the cell proliferation rate induced by the modified PRF.

Subjects And Materials: PRF was modified with 50wt% of nHA (G bone-SHAG31, Surgiwear Company) and 50wt% of DC. The five samples of each group (Group 1 - dentin disc, Group 2 - PRF, Group 3 - PRF + 50wt% nHA, and Group 4-PRF + 50wt% DC) were digitally radiographed together with 8-mm aluminum stepwedge using DIGORA software (for Windows 2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_281_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6385566PMC
March 2019
3 Reads

Comparative evaluation of angiogenesis using a novel platelet-rich product: An study.

J Conserv Dent 2019 Jan-Feb;22(1):23-27

Department of Biotechnology, Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Biotechnology, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India.

Background: angiogenesis is normal and vital process in growth and development, wound healing, and formation of granulation tissue wherein new blood vessels form from preexisting vessels as part of revascularization. Platelet-rich products promote wound healing associated with angiogenesis. Biomaterials such as titanium were found to be angiogenic. Read More

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http://www.jcd.org.in/text.asp?2019/22/1/23/252244
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_216_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6385567PMC
March 2019
6 Reads

Cellular interaction and antibacterial efficacy of two hydraulic calcium silicate-based cements: Cell-dependent model.

J Conserv Dent 2019 Jan-Feb;22(1):17-22

Department of Oral Biology, Faculty of Oral and Dental Surgery, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt.

Background: This study investigated cytotoxic probability, osteogenic potential, and antibacterial efficacy of two pulp-capping hydraulic calcium-silicate cements.

Materials And Methods: For osteogenic potential and cytotoxicity evaluation, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and materials disc-shaped specimens were used. Increase or decrease in a number of proliferating MSCs was calculated after three intervals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_272_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6385579PMC
March 2019
1 Read

NLRP1 and NLRC4 inflammasomes are not responsible for the induction of inflammation in pulp tissues from carious teeth.

J Conserv Dent 2019 Jan-Feb;22(1):12-16

Immunology of Infectious Diseases Research Center, Research Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran.

Introduction: Inflammation is a risk factor for dental complications. Inflammasomes are a set of intracellular sensors which participate in the induction of inflammation. As the main factors involved in the induction of pulp inflammation in the carious teeth are yet to be clarified, this study was aimed to evaluate NLRP1 and NLRC4 expression levels in the inflamed and healthy pulps. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_195_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6385575PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Antimicrobial efficacy of liquorice against biofilms in various concentrations at time-dependent variables: An study.

J Conserv Dent 2019 Jan-Feb;22(1):7-11

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Rajah Muthiah Dental College and Hospital, Annamalai Nagar, Tamil Nadu, India.

Introduction: The purpose this study was to evaluate the inhibitory efficacy of liquorice at various concentrations against and their biofilms at time-dependent variables in 24 h, 48 h, 72 h, 120 h, and 168 h.

Materials And Methods: The antienterococcal activity of liquorice and calcium hydroxide was detected employing concentration ranging from 1-4 g and interpreted based on the zone of inhibition. The ability of liquorice to inhibit biofilms during the stages of growth kinetics on microtiter plate was assessed, and the biofilm architecture was evaluated by scanning electron microscope (SEM). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_173_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6385578PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Saliva as a biomarker for dental caries: A systematic review.

J Conserv Dent 2019 Jan-Feb;22(1):2-6

A B Shetty Memorial Institute of Dental Science, NITTE University, Deralakatte, Mangalore, Karnataka, India.

Aim: The aim of the present review article is to establish a systematic review to describe the role of various salivary components such as pH, buffering capacity, proteins, electrolyte, antioxidant, enzymes, and minerals in occurrence and initiation of dental caries in participants with and without dental caries.

Methodology: An electronic search was conducted in the PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and Google Scholar databases. The MESH terms (Medical Subject Headings) were "dental caries susceptibility," "caries risk assessment, "Salivary Biomarker," "saliva," "Proteins," "electrolytes," "biomarker," "Anti-oxidant's. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_531_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6385571PMC
March 2019
3 Reads

Editorial.

J Conserv Dent 2019 Jan-Feb;22(1)

R. G. Kar Medical College, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_21_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6385583PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Combined endodontic therapy and peri-radicular regenerative surgery in the treatment of dens invaginatus type III associated with apicomarginal defect.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Nov-Dec;21(6):696-700

Private Practice, Noida, India.

Dens invaginatus (DI) is a dental developmental abnormality, probably resulting from an infolding of the dental papilla during tooth development. The following case report presents a case of Type III DI with apicomarginal defect and peri-radicular lesion, diagnosed with cone-beam computed tomography scan and treated with combined orthograde endodontic therapy and peri-radicular regenerative surgery. Follow-up examination at 2 years revealed uneventful healing and improvement in the status of the tooth-supporting structures. Read More

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http://www.jcd.org.in/text.asp?2018/21/6/696/245253
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_311_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249934PMC
December 2018
6 Reads

Report of a case of platelet-rich fibrin-mediated revascularization of immature 12 with histopathological evaluation.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Nov-Dec;21(6):691-695

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Dr. R. Ahmed Dental College and Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

The procedure of regeneration has shown promising results in the treatment of nonvital teeth with immature apices. However, the tissue being regenerated can only be confirmed through histological examination. This report describes an immature nonvital 12 with apical pathology which was treated via revascularization using 3% NaOCl and 17% ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid as irrigants; Ca(OH)2 as intracanal medicament and platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) as scaffold. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_286_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249949PMC
December 2018
7 Reads

Evaluation of remineralization potential and mechanical properties of pit and fissure sealants fortified with nano-hydroxyapatite and nano-amorphous calcium phosphate fillers: An study.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Nov-Dec;21(6):681-690

Department of Prosthodontics, Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Objectives: The aim of this study was: (i) to formulate pit and fissure sealants (PFS) containing nano-hydroxyapatite (nHAP) filler; nHAP filler and silica co-filler; nHAP and nano-Amorphous Calcium Phosphate (nACP) co-filler, (ii) to evaluate physical properties; degree of conversion (DOC), curing depth (CD) and mechanical properties; microshear bond strength (MBS) of fortified PFS, and (iii) to assess remineralization potential and release of Ca and PO ions from newly synthesized sealants.

Materials And Methods: Four PFS were prepared using monomers with mixture of 35.5 wt % BisGMA, 35. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_31_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249947PMC
December 2018
4 Reads

A comparative evaluation of antimicrobial efficacy and flow characteristics of two epoxy resin-based sealers-AH plus and Perma Evolution: An study.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Nov-Dec;21(6):676-680

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Vokkaligara Sangha Dental College and Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

Aim Of The Study: Bacteria that persist at the time of obturation increase the possibility of persistent apical periodontitis. An ideal sealer should be able to kill these remaining bacteria that are present on the dentinal walls as well as inside the dentinal tubules. This could be possible if a sealer has antimicrobial properties with optimum flow characteristics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_305_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249942PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

A comparative evaluation of shear bond strength of composite resin to pulp chamber dentin treated with sodium thiosulfate and proanthocyanidin: An study.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Nov-Dec;21(6):671-675

Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, SMBT Dental College and Research Centre, Sangamner, Maharashtra, India.

Aim: Based on the importance of coronal sealing right after endodontic treatment, this study aimed to evaluate the difference of shear bond strength to pulp chamber dentin treated with sodium thiosulfate and proanthocyanidin (PA).

Materials And Methods: Fifteen extracted mandibular molar teeth were decoronated at the level of cementoenamel junction horizontally. The individual teeth were then sectioned mesiodistally to expose the pulp chamber dentin using a diamond disc. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_160_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249938PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Light intensity output of visible light communication units and clinicians' knowledge and attitude among Riyadh private clinics.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Nov-Dec;21(6):667-670

Department of Restorative, College of Dentistry, Riyadh Elm University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Background: With the evolution of bonded restorations, visible light-curing units became inseparable from the practice of dentistry. This study was designed to evaluate light intensity output of light-emitting diode (LED) units used in private clinics in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, and to investigate dentists' knowledge and attitude regarding the usage of light-curing units.

Methodology: Two hundred randomly selected LED units' light intensity output was evaluated using Demetron LED Radiometer-Kerr among evenly distributed private clinics in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_252_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249954PMC
December 2018
6 Reads

Antibiofilm efficacy of biosynthesized silver nanoparticles against endodontic-periodontal pathogens: An study.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Nov-Dec;21(6):662-666

Department of Microbiology, Gulbarga University, Kalaburgi, Karnataka, India.

Background: Endodontic-periodontal pathogens exist as biofilms which are difficult to eliminate. Biosynthesized silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) emerged as newer antimicrobial agents with potential benefits.

Aim: The aim of this study is to determine the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC); evaluate the antibiofilm efficacy of fungal-derived AgNPs against , , and . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_203_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249955PMC
December 2018
3 Reads

Effect of intratooth location and thermomechanical cycling on microtensile bond strength of bulk-fill composite resin.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Nov-Dec;21(6):657-661

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, GITAM Dental College and Hospital, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Context: The initial bond strength and potential durability of an adhesive restoration are significantly affected by regional variations in dentin composition.

Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the influence of dentin location and thermomechanical cyclic loading on microtensile bond strength of bulk-fill composite resin to coronal dentin.

Materials And Methods: Disto-occlusal cavity preparations were done on 60 extracted human mandibular molars with pulpal floor depth of 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_30_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249940PMC
December 2018
4 Reads

An appraisal of properties of dental amalgam using commercially available and ayurvedically recycled mercury: Recycle and reuse.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Nov-Dec;21(6):651-656

Department of Mechanical Engineering, IIT, BHU, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Introduction: With the introduction of tooth-colored restoration material, the usage of amalgam has reduced over years. However, results regarding toxicity and health concerns are conflicting. Based on the concept of recycle and reuse, we previously used an ayurvedic method for purification of excess mercury obtained from dental operatory. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_114_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249937PMC
December 2018
4 Reads

Induction of dentinal microcracks during postspace preparation: A comparative microcomputed tomography study.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Nov-Dec;21(6):646-650

Department of conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Subharti Dental College, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Introduction: This study evaluated and compared techniques of postspace preparation for induction of dentinal microcracks utilizing microcomputed tomography (CT).

Materials And Methods: A total of 45 extracted micro-CT scanned mandibular premolars were prepared and obturated. After the second micro-CT, samples were divided into three groups ( = 15). Read More

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http://www.jcd.org.in/text.asp?2018/21/6/646/245246
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_227_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249946PMC
December 2018
12 Reads

Efficacy of compared to , , and sodium hypochlorite when used as root canal irrigants against and : An antimicrobial study.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Nov-Dec;21(6):642-645

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Nair Hospital Dental College, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Aim: The aim is to test the antimicrobial activity of , (neem), and (curcumin) as a root canal irrigant, against and using agar diffusion test. Sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) served as a standard control for comparisons.

Materials And Methods: The bacterial strains of and culture were grown overnight (18-20 h) in the brain heart infusion broth at 37°C and inoculated in Mueller-Hinton agar plates. Read More

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http://www.jcd.org.in/text.asp?2018/21/6/642/245240
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_118_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249952PMC
December 2018
12 Reads

Comparative analysis of canal-centering ratio, apical transportation, and remaining dentin thickness between single-file systems, i.e., OneShape and WaveOne reciprocation: An study.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Nov-Dec;21(6):637-641

Reader, Maitri College of Dentistry and Research Center, Durg, Chhattisgarh, India.

Aim: This study aimed to compare the canal-centering ability, apical transportation, and remaining dentin thickness (RDT) of OneShape and WaveOne (WO) systems using cone-beam computed tomography.

Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of two rotary systems in maintaining original root canal anatomy.

Materials And Methods: Forty extracted human single-rooted mandibular premolars were used in the present study. Read More

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http://www.jcd.org.in/text.asp?2018/21/6/637/245237
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_101_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249956PMC
December 2018
5 Reads

Retreatability of root canals filled with Gutta percha and a novel bioceramic sealer: A scanning electron microscopy study.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Nov-Dec;21(6):632-636

Department of Endodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece.

Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the residual filling material and the reestablishment of working length (WL) and apical patency after retreatment of BioRoot™ RCS, versus TotalFill BC Sealer, and AH26, used in a single cone obturation technique.

Materials And Methods: Sixty single-rooted permanent canines were instrumented up to size 40/.04 (Sendoline, Täby, Sweden). Read More

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http://www.jcd.org.in/text.asp?2018/21/6/632/245247
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_228_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249936PMC
December 2018
16 Reads

Effectiveness of different resin composite materials for repairing noncarious amalgam margin defects.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Nov-Dec;21(6):627-631

Department of Restorative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Objectives: The specific objective of this study was to determine whether the current flowable resin composites can establish an effective seal in repairing noncarious amalgam margin defects.

Material And Methods: A total of 30 freshly extracted caries-free human third molars were used for this investigation. Class I preparations with a standardized 160-μ marginal defect were made by condensing amalgam against a Mylar strip. Read More

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http://www.jcd.org.in/text.asp?2018/21/6/627/245257
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_34_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249941PMC
December 2018
4 Reads

Comparative evaluation of fluoride release and recharge potential of novel and traditional fluoride-releasing restorative materials: An study.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Nov-Dec;21(6):622-626

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, India.

Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the fluoride ion release and uptake of glass ionomer cement GP IX Extra (GE), EQUIA Forte Fil (EF), Beautifil Bulk (BB), Dyract XP (DXP), Tetric N-Ceram (TNC) .

Materials And Methods: The restorative materials were divided into five groups ( = 12), namely G1 - GE, G2 - EF, G3 - BB, G4 - DXP, G5 - TNC. Fluoride release was checked using fluoride ion-selective electrode (Orion 9609BNWP, Ionplus Sure-Flow Fluoride, Thermo Scientific, USA) at time intervals of 1 day and thereafter at 3, 7, 14, 21, and 28 days. Read More

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http://www.jcd.org.in/text.asp?2018/21/6/622/245256
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_338_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249945PMC
December 2018
12 Reads

Comparative evaluation of bond strength of self-adhering flowable composites to the dentin prepared with different burs: An study.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Nov-Dec;21(6):618-621

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, V. S. Dental College and Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the shear bond strength (SBS) of self-adhering flowable composites on the dentinal surface prepared with carbide and diamond burs.

Materials And Methods: A total of 64 extracted mandibular molars were mounted on acrylic resin blocks, and the coronal part of the dentin was exposed and polished. Then, they were divided into Group 1 and Group 2 for carbide and diamond bur preparation, respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_71_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249948PMC
December 2018
3 Reads

Does ferrule thickness influence resistance to fracture of endodontically treated teeth?

J Conserv Dent 2018 Nov-Dec;21(6):613-617

Department of Restorative Dentistry, School of Dentistry, University of Pernambuco(FOP/UPE), Camaragibe, PE, Brazil.

Background: Teeth with severe crown destruction and endodontically treated may or may not present a circular strip of dental tissue located in the cervical region called ferrule.

Aims: The aims of this study were to evaluate ferrule thickness influence on endodontically treated teeth (ETT) resistance to fracture.

Materials And Methods: A total of 30 bovine incisor teeth were selected, endodontically treated and randomly distributed, according to the ferrule thickness: G1- no ferrule, G2 - 1 mm, and G3 - 2 mm. Read More

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http://www.jcd.org.in/text.asp?2018/21/6/613/245244
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_204_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249943PMC
December 2018
15 Reads

Reliability and accuracy of linear measurements in cone-beam computed tomography using different software programs and voxel sizes.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Nov-Dec;21(6):607-612

Department of Dentistry, State University of Maringá, Maringá, PR, Brazil.

Objectives: The aim of this study is to evaluate the accuracy of linear measurements on cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images using three software programs and different voxel sizes.

Methods: Ten human mandibles with 25 silica markers were scanned for 0.250-, 0. Read More

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http://www.jcd.org.in/text.asp?2018/21/6/607/245255
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_314_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249944PMC
December 2018
17 Reads

Effect of cleaning protocols on bond strength of etch-and-rinse adhesive system to dentin.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Nov-Dec;21(6):602-606

Department of Restorative Dentistry, Araraquara School of Dentistry, Araraquara, São Paulo, Brazil.

Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the cleaning protocol of dentin impregnated with epoxy resin-based sealer (AH Plus) and the effects on the adhesive interface using 95% ethanol (E) or formamide solution (F) associated with microabrasion with glass microparticles (M).

Methodology: Forty dentin specimens were impregnated with sealer (AH Plus). Specimens were cleansed according to the following protocols ( = 10): G1 (E); G2 (F); G3 (E = M); and G4 (F = M). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_112_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249950PMC
December 2018
5 Reads

Influence of tobacco dependence on caries development in young male adults: A cross-sectional study.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Nov-Dec;21(6):597-601

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Faculty of Dental Sciences, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Background: A definite cause and effect relationship between tobacco use and caries are lacking in literature.

Aim: The aim of this study is to determine the influence of tobacco dependence on caries development in young male adults.

Materials And Methods: Three hundred healthy adult males in the age group of 20-40 years were divided into three groups containing 100 participants each. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_218_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249953PMC
December 2018
3 Reads

Regulation of matrix metalloproteinase-3 gene expression in inflammation: A molecular study.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Nov-Dec;21(6):592-596

Department of Biochemistry, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Introduction: Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play a significant role in the efficient tissue turnover and remodeling. This study focuses on the regulation of the MMPs by the protein kinases at the level of gene expression and their signaling pathways.

Materials And Methods: Lipopolysaccharide-induced murine macrophage-like RAW 264. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_154_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249951PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

The internal root canal morphology of single-rooted mandibular canines revealed by micro-computed tomography.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Nov-Dec;21(6):588-591

Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Rio de Janeiro Federal University, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Context: The lack of thorough knowledge regarding morphological and anatomical variations of the root canal system can result in failure to identify all root canals and lead to inadequate instrumentation and consequent failure of the endodontic treatment.

Aims: The aim of the study was to evaluate the anatomy of single-rooted mandibular canines using micro-computed tomography (micro-CT).

Subjects And Methods: Eighty mandibular canines were scanned by micro-CT to determine anatomic parameters: Vertucci's classification, number of lateral canals, roundness, and minor and major diameters. Read More

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http://www.jcd.org.in/text.asp?2018/21/6/588/245254
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_313_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249939PMC
December 2018
14 Reads

Editorial.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Nov-Dec;21(6):587

R. G. Kar Medical College, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_489_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249935PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Deducing a surgical dilemma using a novel three dimensional printing technique.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Sep-Oct;21(5):582-585

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, K. M. Shah Dental College, Sumandeep Vidyapeeth, Vadodara, Gujarat, India.

Persistent apical periodontitis even after nonsurgical retreatment demands for a surgical approach. This requires a thorough diagnosis and planning to eliminate the pathology and induce healing. This is sometimes challenging when the pathology is present in close relationship to the vital structures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_133_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6161517PMC
October 2018
18 Reads

Endodontic management of invasive cervical resorption: Report of two cases.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Sep-Oct;21(5):578-581

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Panineeya Dental College, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.

Invasive cervical resorption of the tooth is a relatively rare and uncommon phenomenon where the etiology remains idiopathic and unclear, and if not treated may lead to ultimate loss of tooth structure. Advancements in digital imaging have made the clinician to diagnose the pathological changes with great precision. Proper diagnosis and management of this condition is key to the successful outcome. Read More

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http://www.jcd.org.in/text.asp?2018/21/5/578/241182
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_119_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6161521PMC
October 2018
13 Reads

Endodontic management of double dens invaginatus in maxillary central incisor.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Sep-Oct;21(5):574-577

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Meenakshi Ammal Dental College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

This case report deals with the successful endodontic treatment of double dens invaginatus in maxillary left central incisor. Dens invaginatus is a rare developmental anomaly that is challenging to diagnose and treat. A patient reported with unesthetic appearance and previously attempted endodontic treatment of tooth #21. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_93_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6161532PMC
October 2018
3 Reads

Intracanal heating of sodium hypochlorite: Scanning electron microscope evaluation of root canal walls.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Sep-Oct;21(5):569-573

Department of Neurosciences, Reproductive and Odontostomatological Sciences, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy.

Introduction: The aim of this study is to evaluate the surface of root canals dentine using scanning electron microscope (SEM) after instrumentation with rotary Nickel-Titanium systems and two different protocols of activation of sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) (extracanal heating at 50°C and intracanal heating at 180°C), to assess the presence/absence of smear layer and also the presence/absence of open dentinal tubules along the walls at the coronal, middle, and apical third of each sample.

Materials And Methods: Thirty-six single-rooted teeth were selected, divided into three groups and shaped with ProTaper Universal instruments following irrigation protocols with 5.25% NaOCl. Read More

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http://www.jcd.org.in/text.asp?2018/21/5/569/241195
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_245_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6161513PMC
October 2018
7 Reads

Prevention of coronal discoloration induced by root canal sealer remnants using Dentin Bonding agent: An study.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Sep-Oct;21(5):562-568

Faculty of Dentistry, SEGi University, Selangor, Malaysia.

Introduction: Among the various causes of tooth discoloration after root canal treatment, percolation of sealer remnants into the dentinal tubules of the pulp chamber is the most common cause.

Objectives: The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of dentin bonding agent (DBA) in preventing coronal discoloration caused by four different root canal sealers- MTA Fillapex, Sealapex, Zical and Z. O. Read More

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http://www.jcd.org.in/text.asp?2018/21/5/562/241181
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_115_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6161518PMC
October 2018
21 Reads

Stress distribution in endodontically treated abfracted mandibular premolar restored with different cements and crowns: A three-dimensional finite element analysis.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Sep-Oct;21(5):557-561

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Army College of Dental Sciences, Secunderabad, Telangana, India.

Context: Noncarious cervical lesions may penetrate the pulp and require root canal treatment followed by crown placement. Such teeth may be susceptible to fracture, especially at the cervical area.

Aims: To estimate which combination of restorative material and crown resulted in homogenous stress-strain distribution of endodontically treated abfracted mandibular premolar using three-dimensional finite element model (FEM). Read More

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http://www.jcd.org.in/text.asp?2018/21/5/557/241191
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_206_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6161515PMC
October 2018
4 Reads

Effect of ultrasonic activation on calcium ion quantification, smear layer removal, and canal cleaning efficacy of demineralizing irrigants.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Sep-Oct;21(5):551-556

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Terna Dental College and Hospital, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Background: Effective removal of smear layer ensures better penetration of irrigants ensuring root canal disinfection and has the potential of sealing dentinal tubules during obturation.

Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the canal cleaning efficacy and calcium ion liberation with the use of demineralizing irrigants, namely, 17% ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), 7% maleic acid, and 10% citric acid with or without ultrasonic (US) activation.

Materials And Methods: Crowns of 62 extracted maxillary central incisors were decoronated and root canals prepared. Read More

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http://www.jcd.org.in/text.asp?2018/21/5/551/241185
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_162_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6161526PMC
October 2018
4 Reads