1,062 results match your criteria Journal of conservative dentistry : JCD[Journal]


Combined endodontic therapy and peri-radicular regenerative surgery in the treatment of dens invaginatus type III associated with apicomarginal defect.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Nov-Dec;21(6):696-700

Private Practice, Noida, India.

Dens invaginatus (DI) is a dental developmental abnormality, probably resulting from an infolding of the dental papilla during tooth development. The following case report presents a case of Type III DI with apicomarginal defect and peri-radicular lesion, diagnosed with cone-beam computed tomography scan and treated with combined orthograde endodontic therapy and peri-radicular regenerative surgery. Follow-up examination at 2 years revealed uneventful healing and improvement in the status of the tooth-supporting structures. Read More

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http://www.jcd.org.in/text.asp?2018/21/6/696/245253
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_311_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249934PMC
December 2018
5 Reads

Report of a case of platelet-rich fibrin-mediated revascularization of immature 12 with histopathological evaluation.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Nov-Dec;21(6):691-695

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Dr. R. Ahmed Dental College and Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

The procedure of regeneration has shown promising results in the treatment of nonvital teeth with immature apices. However, the tissue being regenerated can only be confirmed through histological examination. This report describes an immature nonvital 12 with apical pathology which was treated via revascularization using 3% NaOCl and 17% ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid as irrigants; Ca(OH)2 as intracanal medicament and platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) as scaffold. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_286_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249949PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Evaluation of remineralization potential and mechanical properties of pit and fissure sealants fortified with nano-hydroxyapatite and nano-amorphous calcium phosphate fillers: An study.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Nov-Dec;21(6):681-690

Department of Prosthodontics, Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Objectives: The aim of this study was: (i) to formulate pit and fissure sealants (PFS) containing nano-hydroxyapatite (nHAP) filler; nHAP filler and silica co-filler; nHAP and nano-Amorphous Calcium Phosphate (nACP) co-filler, (ii) to evaluate physical properties; degree of conversion (DOC), curing depth (CD) and mechanical properties; microshear bond strength (MBS) of fortified PFS, and (iii) to assess remineralization potential and release of Ca and PO ions from newly synthesized sealants.

Materials And Methods: Four PFS were prepared using monomers with mixture of 35.5 wt % BisGMA, 35. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_31_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249947PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

A comparative evaluation of antimicrobial efficacy and flow characteristics of two epoxy resin-based sealers-AH plus and Perma Evolution: An study.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Nov-Dec;21(6):676-680

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Vokkaligara Sangha Dental College and Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

Aim Of The Study: Bacteria that persist at the time of obturation increase the possibility of persistent apical periodontitis. An ideal sealer should be able to kill these remaining bacteria that are present on the dentinal walls as well as inside the dentinal tubules. This could be possible if a sealer has antimicrobial properties with optimum flow characteristics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_305_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249942PMC
December 2018
1 Read

A comparative evaluation of shear bond strength of composite resin to pulp chamber dentin treated with sodium thiosulfate and proanthocyanidin: An study.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Nov-Dec;21(6):671-675

Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, SMBT Dental College and Research Centre, Sangamner, Maharashtra, India.

Aim: Based on the importance of coronal sealing right after endodontic treatment, this study aimed to evaluate the difference of shear bond strength to pulp chamber dentin treated with sodium thiosulfate and proanthocyanidin (PA).

Materials And Methods: Fifteen extracted mandibular molar teeth were decoronated at the level of cementoenamel junction horizontally. The individual teeth were then sectioned mesiodistally to expose the pulp chamber dentin using a diamond disc. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_160_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249938PMC
December 2018

Light intensity output of visible light communication units and clinicians' knowledge and attitude among Riyadh private clinics.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Nov-Dec;21(6):667-670

Department of Restorative, College of Dentistry, Riyadh Elm University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Background: With the evolution of bonded restorations, visible light-curing units became inseparable from the practice of dentistry. This study was designed to evaluate light intensity output of light-emitting diode (LED) units used in private clinics in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, and to investigate dentists' knowledge and attitude regarding the usage of light-curing units.

Methodology: Two hundred randomly selected LED units' light intensity output was evaluated using Demetron LED Radiometer-Kerr among evenly distributed private clinics in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_252_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249954PMC
December 2018
5 Reads

Antibiofilm efficacy of biosynthesized silver nanoparticles against endodontic-periodontal pathogens: An study.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Nov-Dec;21(6):662-666

Department of Microbiology, Gulbarga University, Kalaburgi, Karnataka, India.

Background: Endodontic-periodontal pathogens exist as biofilms which are difficult to eliminate. Biosynthesized silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) emerged as newer antimicrobial agents with potential benefits.

Aim: The aim of this study is to determine the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC); evaluate the antibiofilm efficacy of fungal-derived AgNPs against , , and . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_203_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249955PMC
December 2018

Effect of intratooth location and thermomechanical cycling on microtensile bond strength of bulk-fill composite resin.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Nov-Dec;21(6):657-661

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, GITAM Dental College and Hospital, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Context: The initial bond strength and potential durability of an adhesive restoration are significantly affected by regional variations in dentin composition.

Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the influence of dentin location and thermomechanical cyclic loading on microtensile bond strength of bulk-fill composite resin to coronal dentin.

Materials And Methods: Disto-occlusal cavity preparations were done on 60 extracted human mandibular molars with pulpal floor depth of 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_30_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249940PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

An appraisal of properties of dental amalgam using commercially available and ayurvedically recycled mercury: Recycle and reuse.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Nov-Dec;21(6):651-656

Department of Mechanical Engineering, IIT, BHU, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Introduction: With the introduction of tooth-colored restoration material, the usage of amalgam has reduced over years. However, results regarding toxicity and health concerns are conflicting. Based on the concept of recycle and reuse, we previously used an ayurvedic method for purification of excess mercury obtained from dental operatory. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_114_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249937PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Induction of dentinal microcracks during postspace preparation: A comparative microcomputed tomography study.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Nov-Dec;21(6):646-650

Department of conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Subharti Dental College, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Introduction: This study evaluated and compared techniques of postspace preparation for induction of dentinal microcracks utilizing microcomputed tomography (CT).

Materials And Methods: A total of 45 extracted micro-CT scanned mandibular premolars were prepared and obturated. After the second micro-CT, samples were divided into three groups ( = 15). Read More

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http://www.jcd.org.in/text.asp?2018/21/6/646/245246
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_227_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249946PMC
December 2018
6 Reads

Efficacy of compared to , , and sodium hypochlorite when used as root canal irrigants against and : An antimicrobial study.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Nov-Dec;21(6):642-645

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Nair Hospital Dental College, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Aim: The aim is to test the antimicrobial activity of , (neem), and (curcumin) as a root canal irrigant, against and using agar diffusion test. Sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) served as a standard control for comparisons.

Materials And Methods: The bacterial strains of and culture were grown overnight (18-20 h) in the brain heart infusion broth at 37°C and inoculated in Mueller-Hinton agar plates. Read More

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http://www.jcd.org.in/text.asp?2018/21/6/642/245240
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_118_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249952PMC
December 2018
5 Reads

Comparative analysis of canal-centering ratio, apical transportation, and remaining dentin thickness between single-file systems, i.e., OneShape and WaveOne reciprocation: An study.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Nov-Dec;21(6):637-641

Reader, Maitri College of Dentistry and Research Center, Durg, Chhattisgarh, India.

Aim: This study aimed to compare the canal-centering ability, apical transportation, and remaining dentin thickness (RDT) of OneShape and WaveOne (WO) systems using cone-beam computed tomography.

Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of two rotary systems in maintaining original root canal anatomy.

Materials And Methods: Forty extracted human single-rooted mandibular premolars were used in the present study. Read More

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http://www.jcd.org.in/text.asp?2018/21/6/637/245237
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_101_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249956PMC
December 2018
4 Reads

Retreatability of root canals filled with Gutta percha and a novel bioceramic sealer: A scanning electron microscopy study.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Nov-Dec;21(6):632-636

Department of Endodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece.

Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the residual filling material and the reestablishment of working length (WL) and apical patency after retreatment of BioRoot™ RCS, versus TotalFill BC Sealer, and AH26, used in a single cone obturation technique.

Materials And Methods: Sixty single-rooted permanent canines were instrumented up to size 40/.04 (Sendoline, Täby, Sweden). Read More

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http://www.jcd.org.in/text.asp?2018/21/6/632/245247
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_228_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249936PMC
December 2018
12 Reads

Effectiveness of different resin composite materials for repairing noncarious amalgam margin defects.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Nov-Dec;21(6):627-631

Department of Restorative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Objectives: The specific objective of this study was to determine whether the current flowable resin composites can establish an effective seal in repairing noncarious amalgam margin defects.

Material And Methods: A total of 30 freshly extracted caries-free human third molars were used for this investigation. Class I preparations with a standardized 160-μ marginal defect were made by condensing amalgam against a Mylar strip. Read More

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http://www.jcd.org.in/text.asp?2018/21/6/627/245257
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_34_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249941PMC
December 2018
3 Reads

Comparative evaluation of fluoride release and recharge potential of novel and traditional fluoride-releasing restorative materials: An study.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Nov-Dec;21(6):622-626

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, India.

Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the fluoride ion release and uptake of glass ionomer cement GP IX Extra (GE), EQUIA Forte Fil (EF), Beautifil Bulk (BB), Dyract XP (DXP), Tetric N-Ceram (TNC) .

Materials And Methods: The restorative materials were divided into five groups ( = 12), namely G1 - GE, G2 - EF, G3 - BB, G4 - DXP, G5 - TNC. Fluoride release was checked using fluoride ion-selective electrode (Orion 9609BNWP, Ionplus Sure-Flow Fluoride, Thermo Scientific, USA) at time intervals of 1 day and thereafter at 3, 7, 14, 21, and 28 days. Read More

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http://www.jcd.org.in/text.asp?2018/21/6/622/245256
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_338_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249945PMC
December 2018
11 Reads

Comparative evaluation of bond strength of self-adhering flowable composites to the dentin prepared with different burs: An study.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Nov-Dec;21(6):618-621

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, V. S. Dental College and Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the shear bond strength (SBS) of self-adhering flowable composites on the dentinal surface prepared with carbide and diamond burs.

Materials And Methods: A total of 64 extracted mandibular molars were mounted on acrylic resin blocks, and the coronal part of the dentin was exposed and polished. Then, they were divided into Group 1 and Group 2 for carbide and diamond bur preparation, respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_71_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249948PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Does ferrule thickness influence resistance to fracture of endodontically treated teeth?

J Conserv Dent 2018 Nov-Dec;21(6):613-617

Department of Restorative Dentistry, School of Dentistry, University of Pernambuco(FOP/UPE), Camaragibe, PE, Brazil.

Background: Teeth with severe crown destruction and endodontically treated may or may not present a circular strip of dental tissue located in the cervical region called ferrule.

Aims: The aims of this study were to evaluate ferrule thickness influence on endodontically treated teeth (ETT) resistance to fracture.

Materials And Methods: A total of 30 bovine incisor teeth were selected, endodontically treated and randomly distributed, according to the ferrule thickness: G1- no ferrule, G2 - 1 mm, and G3 - 2 mm. Read More

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http://www.jcd.org.in/text.asp?2018/21/6/613/245244
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_204_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249943PMC
December 2018
9 Reads

Reliability and accuracy of linear measurements in cone-beam computed tomography using different software programs and voxel sizes.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Nov-Dec;21(6):607-612

Department of Dentistry, State University of Maringá, Maringá, PR, Brazil.

Objectives: The aim of this study is to evaluate the accuracy of linear measurements on cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images using three software programs and different voxel sizes.

Methods: Ten human mandibles with 25 silica markers were scanned for 0.250-, 0. Read More

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http://www.jcd.org.in/text.asp?2018/21/6/607/245255
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_314_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249944PMC
December 2018
7 Reads

Effect of cleaning protocols on bond strength of etch-and-rinse adhesive system to dentin.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Nov-Dec;21(6):602-606

Department of Restorative Dentistry, Araraquara School of Dentistry, Araraquara, São Paulo, Brazil.

Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the cleaning protocol of dentin impregnated with epoxy resin-based sealer (AH Plus) and the effects on the adhesive interface using 95% ethanol (E) or formamide solution (F) associated with microabrasion with glass microparticles (M).

Methodology: Forty dentin specimens were impregnated with sealer (AH Plus). Specimens were cleansed according to the following protocols ( = 10): G1 (E); G2 (F); G3 (E = M); and G4 (F = M). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_112_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249950PMC
December 2018
3 Reads

Influence of tobacco dependence on caries development in young male adults: A cross-sectional study.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Nov-Dec;21(6):597-601

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Faculty of Dental Sciences, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Background: A definite cause and effect relationship between tobacco use and caries are lacking in literature.

Aim: The aim of this study is to determine the influence of tobacco dependence on caries development in young male adults.

Materials And Methods: Three hundred healthy adult males in the age group of 20-40 years were divided into three groups containing 100 participants each. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_218_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249953PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Regulation of matrix metalloproteinase-3 gene expression in inflammation: A molecular study.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Nov-Dec;21(6):592-596

Department of Biochemistry, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Introduction: Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play a significant role in the efficient tissue turnover and remodeling. This study focuses on the regulation of the MMPs by the protein kinases at the level of gene expression and their signaling pathways.

Materials And Methods: Lipopolysaccharide-induced murine macrophage-like RAW 264. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_154_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249951PMC
December 2018
1 Read

The internal root canal morphology of single-rooted mandibular canines revealed by micro-computed tomography.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Nov-Dec;21(6):588-591

Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Rio de Janeiro Federal University, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Context: The lack of thorough knowledge regarding morphological and anatomical variations of the root canal system can result in failure to identify all root canals and lead to inadequate instrumentation and consequent failure of the endodontic treatment.

Aims: The aim of the study was to evaluate the anatomy of single-rooted mandibular canines using micro-computed tomography (micro-CT).

Subjects And Methods: Eighty mandibular canines were scanned by micro-CT to determine anatomic parameters: Vertucci's classification, number of lateral canals, roundness, and minor and major diameters. Read More

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http://www.jcd.org.in/text.asp?2018/21/6/588/245254
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_313_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249939PMC
December 2018
6 Reads

Editorial.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Nov-Dec;21(6):587

R. G. Kar Medical College, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_489_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249935PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Deducing a surgical dilemma using a novel three dimensional printing technique.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Sep-Oct;21(5):582-585

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, K. M. Shah Dental College, Sumandeep Vidyapeeth, Vadodara, Gujarat, India.

Persistent apical periodontitis even after nonsurgical retreatment demands for a surgical approach. This requires a thorough diagnosis and planning to eliminate the pathology and induce healing. This is sometimes challenging when the pathology is present in close relationship to the vital structures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_133_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6161517PMC
October 2018
9 Reads

Endodontic management of invasive cervical resorption: Report of two cases.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Sep-Oct;21(5):578-581

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Panineeya Dental College, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.

Invasive cervical resorption of the tooth is a relatively rare and uncommon phenomenon where the etiology remains idiopathic and unclear, and if not treated may lead to ultimate loss of tooth structure. Advancements in digital imaging have made the clinician to diagnose the pathological changes with great precision. Proper diagnosis and management of this condition is key to the successful outcome. Read More

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http://www.jcd.org.in/text.asp?2018/21/5/578/241182
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_119_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6161521PMC
October 2018
8 Reads

Endodontic management of double dens invaginatus in maxillary central incisor.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Sep-Oct;21(5):574-577

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Meenakshi Ammal Dental College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

This case report deals with the successful endodontic treatment of double dens invaginatus in maxillary left central incisor. Dens invaginatus is a rare developmental anomaly that is challenging to diagnose and treat. A patient reported with unesthetic appearance and previously attempted endodontic treatment of tooth #21. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_93_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6161532PMC
October 2018
2 Reads

Intracanal heating of sodium hypochlorite: Scanning electron microscope evaluation of root canal walls.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Sep-Oct;21(5):569-573

Department of Neurosciences, Reproductive and Odontostomatological Sciences, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy.

Introduction: The aim of this study is to evaluate the surface of root canals dentine using scanning electron microscope (SEM) after instrumentation with rotary Nickel-Titanium systems and two different protocols of activation of sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) (extracanal heating at 50°C and intracanal heating at 180°C), to assess the presence/absence of smear layer and also the presence/absence of open dentinal tubules along the walls at the coronal, middle, and apical third of each sample.

Materials And Methods: Thirty-six single-rooted teeth were selected, divided into three groups and shaped with ProTaper Universal instruments following irrigation protocols with 5.25% NaOCl. Read More

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http://www.jcd.org.in/text.asp?2018/21/5/569/241195
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_245_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6161513PMC
October 2018
5 Reads

Prevention of coronal discoloration induced by root canal sealer remnants using Dentin Bonding agent: An study.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Sep-Oct;21(5):562-568

Faculty of Dentistry, SEGi University, Selangor, Malaysia.

Introduction: Among the various causes of tooth discoloration after root canal treatment, percolation of sealer remnants into the dentinal tubules of the pulp chamber is the most common cause.

Objectives: The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of dentin bonding agent (DBA) in preventing coronal discoloration caused by four different root canal sealers- MTA Fillapex, Sealapex, Zical and Z. O. Read More

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http://www.jcd.org.in/text.asp?2018/21/5/562/241181
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_115_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6161518PMC
October 2018
19 Reads

Stress distribution in endodontically treated abfracted mandibular premolar restored with different cements and crowns: A three-dimensional finite element analysis.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Sep-Oct;21(5):557-561

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Army College of Dental Sciences, Secunderabad, Telangana, India.

Context: Noncarious cervical lesions may penetrate the pulp and require root canal treatment followed by crown placement. Such teeth may be susceptible to fracture, especially at the cervical area.

Aims: To estimate which combination of restorative material and crown resulted in homogenous stress-strain distribution of endodontically treated abfracted mandibular premolar using three-dimensional finite element model (FEM). Read More

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http://www.jcd.org.in/text.asp?2018/21/5/557/241191
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_206_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6161515PMC
October 2018
1 Read

Effect of ultrasonic activation on calcium ion quantification, smear layer removal, and canal cleaning efficacy of demineralizing irrigants.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Sep-Oct;21(5):551-556

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Terna Dental College and Hospital, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Background: Effective removal of smear layer ensures better penetration of irrigants ensuring root canal disinfection and has the potential of sealing dentinal tubules during obturation.

Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the canal cleaning efficacy and calcium ion liberation with the use of demineralizing irrigants, namely, 17% ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), 7% maleic acid, and 10% citric acid with or without ultrasonic (US) activation.

Materials And Methods: Crowns of 62 extracted maxillary central incisors were decoronated and root canals prepared. Read More

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http://www.jcd.org.in/text.asp?2018/21/5/551/241185
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_162_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6161526PMC
October 2018
2 Reads

Assessment of pain and dissolution of apically extruded sealers and their effect on the periradicular tissues.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Sep-Oct;21(5):546-550

Private Practitioners, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.

Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the intensity of pain after unintentional extrusion of resin-based and calcium hydroxide (Ca[OH])-based endodontic sealers as well as their influence on the periradicular tissues.

Materials And Methods: A total of 120 single-rooted teeth exhibiting extrusion of sealer in the postoperative radiographs were included in the study. According to the sealers used, the teeth were divided into four groups ( = 30): Group I - AH Plus, Group II - Resino Seal, Group III - Sealapex™, and Group IV - Apexit Plus. Read More

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http://www.jcd.org.in/text.asp?2018/21/5/546/241194
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_224_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6161529PMC
October 2018
3 Reads

Effect of alcoholic beverages on shear bond strength of composites to enamel.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Sep-Oct;21(5):542-545

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, SVS Institute of Dental Sciences, Mahabubnagar, Telangana, India.

Background: Longevity of composite restoration in the oral cavity is dependent on various factors. One such factor is exposure to various foods and beverages which could alter the properties of the material.

Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of most widely consumed alcoholic beverages on shear bond strength of composites to enamel. Read More

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http://www.jcd.org.in/text.asp?2018/21/5/542/241186
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_180_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6161519PMC
October 2018
12 Reads

Comparative evaluation of remineralizing efficacy of biomimetic self-assembling peptide on artificially induced enamel lesions: An study.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Sep-Oct;21(5):536-541

Department of Conservative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.

Background: The biomimetic self-assembling peptide technology is a paradigm for dental hard tissue regeneration.

Aim: To investigate the efficacy of biomimetic self-assembling peptide (P-4) on enamel remineralization compared to casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate fluoride (CPP-ACPF) and fluoride-based delivery systems.

Materials And Methods: Artificial enamel lesions were created on buccal surfaces of 40 extracted human molars. Read More

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http://www.jcd.org.in/text.asp?2018/21/5/536/241183
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_123_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6161534PMC
October 2018
3 Reads

Spectrophotometric evaluation of white spot lesion treatment using novel resin infiltration material (ICON).

J Conserv Dent 2018 Sep-Oct;21(5):531-535

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, KVG Dental College and Hospital, Sullia D.K, Karnataka, India.

Aims And Objectives: The aim of this study is to compare the esthetic improvement of white spot lesions (WSLs) treated by icon, sodium fluoride (NaF), and bioactive glass using VITA Easyshade spectrophotometer.

Methodology: Ninety intact human maxillary central incisors were collected and artificial WSLs were created on facial surface having dimensions of 4 mm × 4 mm by immersing in demineralized solution for 4 days, baseline comparisons were performed by measuring the color of the WSLs compared to the adjacent sound enamel. All samples were divided into three groups of 30 each. Read More

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http://www.jcd.org.in/text.asp?2018/21/5/531/241200
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_52_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6161516PMC
October 2018
15 Reads

Cone-beam computed tomographic analysis of middle mesial canals and isthmus in mesial roots of mandibular first molars-prevalence and related factors.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Sep-Oct;21(5):526-530

Department of Conservative Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, Qassim University, Buraydah, Saudi Arabia.

Context: The internal anatomy of mandibular first molars has been studied in depth in different populations. However, limited information is present in differentiating a true middle mesial (MM) canal from an isthmus.

Aims: The primary aim of this study was to identify the prevalence of a true MM canal and isthmus by retrospectively analyzing cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images . Read More

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http://www.jcd.org.in/text.asp?2018/21/5/526/241190
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_205_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6161522PMC
October 2018
6 Reads

Effect of root canal preparation, obturation, and retreatment on the induction of dentinal microcracks: A microcomputed tomography study.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Sep-Oct;21(5):521-525

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Subharti Dental College, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Introduction: This study evaluated the effect of root canal preparation, obturation, and different techniques of retreatment on the percentage increase in the number of dentinal microcracks using microcomputed tomography (CT) analysis.

Materials And Methods: Forty-five mandibular premolars after micro-CT scanning were prepared using Protaper universal files up to F4 and obturated. After the second micro-CT scanning again, the samples were randomly divided into three groups ( = 15) for retreatment procedure. Read More

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http://www.jcd.org.in/text.asp?2018/21/5/521/241187
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_184_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6161531PMC
October 2018
7 Reads

Comparative evaluation of grape seed and cranberry extracts in preventing enamel erosion: An optical emission spectrometric analysis.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Sep-Oct;21(5):516-520

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Introduction: Dental erosion is defined as the loss of tooth structure due to chemical process that does not involve bacteria. The management of such a condition calls for a comprehensive approach to identifying the cause and treating it.

Aim: The aim of this study is to comparatively evaluate the role of grape seed extract (GSE) and cranberry extract (CE) in preventing dental erosion using optical emission spectrometry. Read More

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http://www.jcd.org.in/text.asp?2018/21/5/516/241180
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_110_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6161533PMC
October 2018
8 Reads

Clinical performance of resin-modified glass ionomer cement, flowable composite, and polyacid-modified resin composite in noncarious cervical lesions: One-year follow-up.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Sep-Oct;21(5):510-515

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Background: The restoration of noncarious cervical lesions (NCCLs) often poses a challenge to the clinician. Various restorative materials are available in the market for the restoration of the same. Each material has various advantages and shortcomings. Read More

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http://www.jcd.org.in/text.asp?2018/21/5/510/241199
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_51_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6161514PMC
October 2018
6 Reads

Stress distribution in a tooth treated through minimally invasive access compared to one treated through traditional access: A finite element analysis study.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Sep-Oct;21(5):505-509

Department of Endodontics, Texas A and M University College of Dentistry, Richardson, Texas, USA.

Introduction: The purpose of this study was to compare the stress distributions in the teeth treated through minimally invasive access (MIA) designs to those of the teeth treated through traditional straight-line access and their relationship to the final restoration using three-dimensional finite element analysis (FEA).

Materials And Methods: Four FEA models of an extracted mandibular first molar were constructed. An intact model served as the control, whereas the other three were prepared with either an MIA or traditional straight-line access. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_260_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6161525PMC
October 2018
5 Reads

Effect of different concentrations of carbamide peroxide on the staining susceptibility of resin composites.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Sep-Oct;21(5):500-504

Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Health Research Institute, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran.

Context: Bleaching can affect the surface properties of resin composites.

Aims: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of three regimens of carbamide peroxide (CP) on staining susceptibility of silorane and methacrylate-based resin composites.

Methods: In this study, 80 composite disks were prepared from A2 shade of P90 and Z250 composite resins (40 each). Read More

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http://www.jcd.org.in/text.asp?2018/21/5/500/241201
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_59_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6161510PMC
October 2018
10 Reads

Comparative evaluation of a low-level laser and topical desensitizing agent for treating dentinal hypersensitivity: A randomized controlled trial.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Sep-Oct;21(5):495-499

Department of Pedodontic and Preventive Dentistry, Indira Gandhi Institute of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Puducherry, India.

Aim: The aim of this randomized, controlled, double-blinded, clinical study is to evaluate and compare the clinical effectiveness of low-level diode GaAlAs laser and glutaraldehyde-based topical desensitizing agent on cervical dentin hypersensitivity with the help of visual analog scale (VAS).

Materials And Methods: Fifty teeth of patients aged between 20 and 50 years were included, and VAS was used to assess the dentin hypersensitivity. The teeth were randomly allocated to either Group 1 or 2 using flip coin technique. Read More

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http://www.jcd.org.in/text.asp?2018/21/5/495/241188
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_197_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6161530PMC
October 2018
3 Reads

Porosity analysis of mineral trioxide aggregate Fillapex and BioRoot cements for use in endodontics using microcomputed tomography.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Sep-Oct;21(5):491-494

Department of Research, School of Medicine, Catholic University of Cuenca, Cuenca, Ecuador.

Aim: The purpose of this study is to compare the porosity of two sealant cements, mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) Fillapex and BioRoot root canal sealer (RCS). These samples were analyzed using microcomputed tomography.

Materials And Methods: Sixteen samples were used in the study that were divided according to the composition of the materials used. Read More

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http://www.jcd.org.in/text.asp?2018/21/5/491/241193
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_22_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6161511PMC
October 2018
4 Reads

Clinical evaluation of self-adhering flowable composite versus conventional flowable composite in conservative Class I cavities: Randomized controlled trial.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Sep-Oct;21(5):485-490

Department of Conservative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.

Background: Self-adhering flowable composite (SAFC) minimized the time-consuming application procedures encountered with the traditional adhesive systems and restorative materials. Self-adhering composite combines the merits of both adhesive and restorative material technologies (8 generation) in a single product, bringing new horizons, and ambitions to restorative procedures.

Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical performance of SAFC compared to conventional flowable composite in conservative Class I cavities. Read More

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http://www.jcd.org.in/text.asp?2018/21/5/485/241192
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_210_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6161520PMC
October 2018
2 Reads

The internal anatomy of danger zone of mandibular molars: A cone-beam computed tomography study.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Sep-Oct;21(5):481-484

Department of Endodontics, Estácio de Sá University, Nova Iguaçu, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Aim: The aim of this study was the assessment of the anatomical thickness of danger zone in the cervical third of mesial canals of mandibular molars.

Materials And Methods: Fifty mandibular molars were selected and scanned with cone-beam computed tomography. Data were compared using a length tool provided by scanner software. Read More

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http://www.jcd.org.in/text.asp?2018/21/5/481/241197
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_271_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6161528PMC
October 2018
2 Reads

The influence of ProTaper and WaveOne on apically extruded debris: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Sep-Oct;21(5):474-480

Department of Endodontics, Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, Qingdao, China.

Background: Apically extruded debris produced during root canal preparation can induce postoperative inflammation and subsequent failure of root canal treatment. Therefore, debris production must be reduced to improve the outcome of root canal treatment.

Aim: This study aimed to provide a theoretical basis for the improvement of root canal treatment by comparing the difference in the amount of apically extruded debris produced during the root canal preparation of extracted human teeth with ProTaper Universal (PTU), ProTaper Next (PTN), and WaveOne (WO). Read More

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http://www.jcd.org.in/text.asp?2018/21/5/474/241202
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_82_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6161523PMC
October 2018
19 Reads

Biodentine versus mineral trioxide aggregate as a direct pulp capping material for human mature permanent teeth - A systematic review.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Sep-Oct;21(5):466-473

Department of Oral Biology, Faculty of Dentistry, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt.

Background: Biodentine is comparatively a new biomaterial claimed to have properties comparable to mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA). Biodentine and MTA are effectively used for direct pulp capping (DPC), and they are capable of regenerating relatively damaged pulp and formation of hard dentine bridge.

Objectives: The aim of this systematic review was to test the null hypothesis of no difference between Biodentine and MTA as DPC materials for human permanent mature teeth, against the alternative hypothesis of a difference. Read More

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http://www.jcd.org.in/text.asp?2018/21/5/466/241189
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_198_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6161524PMC
October 2018
13 Reads

Apexification: A systematic review.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Sep-Oct;21(5):462-465

Department of Research, School of Medicine, Catholic University of Cuenca, Cuenca, Ecuador.

Pulpal necrosis in permanent teeth that have not completed their root development leads to teeth with a very short root, roots with very thin walls, and an inadequate crown-root ratio, which overshadows their survival prognosis. Currently, there are various therapies to treat immature permanent teeth with pulpal pathology such as the case of apexification. An electronic search was performed in the PubMed database (www. Read More

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http://www.jcd.org.in/text.asp?2018/21/5/462/241204
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_96_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6161512PMC
October 2018
30 Reads

Heartiset greetings from the editorial team.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Sep-Oct;21(5):461

R. G. Kar Medical College, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

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http://www.jcd.org.in/text.asp?2018/21/5/461/241198
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_404_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6161527PMC
October 2018
4 Reads

Digital smile design and mock-up technique for esthetic treatment planning with porcelain laminate veneers.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Jul-Aug;21(4):455-458

Graduate Program in Dentistry, Positivo University, Curitiba, PR, Brazil.

The use of digital tools offers a new perspective to daily clinical activities. The digital information serves as a starting point for a wax-up and intraoral mock-up, which is widely reported in literature as an objective and efficient communication tool among dentist, patient, and technician. This case report of a maxillary anterior rehabilitation demonstrates esthetic planning with the digital smile design (DSD) system and a direct mock-up technique. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_172_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6080190PMC
August 2018
32 Reads

Concealment effect of resin infiltration on incisor of Grade I molar incisor hypomineralization patients: An study.

J Conserv Dent 2018 Jul-Aug;21(4):450-454

DDS (ISP-1), School of Dental Medicine, University of Colorado, Denver, USA.

Context: Molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH) is a commonly occurring esthetic setback among patients. Depending on the graveness of the lesion, esthetics of MIH can be improved by treatments such as enamel microabrasion, bleaching, composite resin bonding, and the combination of some or all of these techniques.

Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the esthetic results of resin infiltration treatment on incisors with Grade I molar incisor MIH. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JCD.JCD_61_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6080169PMC
August 2018
22 Reads