2,298 results match your criteria Journal of biosocial science[Journal]


Fluctuating body asymmetry in young Polish women in relation to childhood socioeconomic status.

J Biosoc Sci 2019 Apr 22:1-9. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

1Department of Anthropology,Institute of Zoology and Biomedical Research,Jagiellonian University,Cracow,Poland.

The aim of this study was to analyse the relationship between childhood socioeconomic conditions and body asymmetry in young Polish women. The study measured fluctuating asymmetry (FA), which refers to small random deviations from perfect symmetry in bilaterally paired body structures. Data were obtained from 620 female students aged from 19 to 25 years recruited from Jagiellonian University in Cracow, Poland. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S002193201
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932019000099DOI Listing
April 2019
4 Reads

Spearman's hypothesis tested comparing Korean young adults with various other groups of young adults on the items of the Advanced Progressive Matrices.

J Biosoc Sci 2019 Apr 22:1-38. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

1National Research Center for Dementia,Chosun University,Gwangju,Korea.

Spearman's hypothesis tested at the subtest level of an IQ battery states that differences between races on the subtests of an IQ battery are a function of the g loadings of these subtests, such that there are small differences between races on subtests with low g loadings and large differences between races on subtests with high g loadings. Jensen (1998) stated that Spearman's hypothesis is a law-like phenomenon. It has also been confirmed many times at the level of items of the Raven's Progressive Matrices. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932019000026DOI Listing

BMI and adiposity based approach to obesity: the need for ethnic specificity. A reply to Kapoor et al. (2019).

J Biosoc Sci 2019 Apr 4:1-2. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

4Biological Anthropology Unit,Indian Statistical Institute,Kolkata,India.

The ethnicity of the studied group is one of the key characteristics that should be taken into consideration when analysing the problem of overweight and obesity. It is especially crucial in populations of countries such as India, where the proportion of the fat to lean mass and general adiposity are significantly different from those observed among Europeans. This can cause a higher risk of various metabolic-related diseases to appear at relatively lower absolute adiposity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S002193201900018XDOI Listing
April 2019
12 Reads

The BMI-adiposity conundrum in South Asian populations: need for further research.

J Biosoc Sci 2019 Apr 4:1-3. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

2Melbourne School of Population and Global Health,Faculty of Medicine,Dentistry and Health Science,University of Melbourne,Australia.

High body fat in apparently lean individuals is a commonly described phenotype in individuals of Asian descent, but very limited consolidated scientific literature is available on this topic. This phenotype is known as 'normal-weight obesity' and may explain the large disparity between the prevalence of obesity (as measured by BMI) and diabetes that occurs in these individuals. Routine use of obesity indicators that best predict body fat content would help to identify these individuals in clinical practice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932019000166DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Ethnicity-specific cut-offs that predict co-morbidities: the way forward for optimal utility of obesity indicators.

J Biosoc Sci 2019 Apr 4:1-3. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

2Melbourne School of Population and Global Health,Faculty of Medicine,Dentistry and Health Science,University of Melbourne,Australia.

Obesity indicators are useful clinical tools in the measurement of obesity, but it is important for clinicians to appropriately interpret their values in individuals with different ethnicities. Future research is needed to identify optimal cut-offs that can predict the occurrence of cardio-metabolic comorbidities in individuals of different ethnic descent. Assessment of more recently developed indicators like the Edmonton Obesity Staging System and visceral adipose tissue are able to appropriately identify metabolically at-risk individuals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932019000178DOI Listing

Malnutrition and anaemia among adult women in India.

J Biosoc Sci 2019 Apr 1:1-11. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

1Indian Statistical Institute,Kolkata,India.

The latest National Family Health Survey conducted in 2015-16 (NFHS-4) showed that malnutrition and anaemia still pose huge health challenges in India. Data on 651,642 adult non-pregnant women aged 15-49 years were taken from the survey to study the nutritional and anaemia statuses of adult women by Indian zone and state. The relationships of these two variables with the women's urban/rural place of residence, education level, religion and eating habits, and wealth index of the family, were assessed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S002193201800041XDOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

DIABETES MELLITUS PREVALENCE AMONG TRADITIONAL ROMA WOMEN IN SERBIA: RESPONSE TO ČVOROVIČ.

J Biosoc Sci 2019 May 20;51(3):467-468. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Department of Internal Medicine,University Hospital Motol,Second Faculty of Medicine,Charles University,Prague,Czech Republic.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932019000129DOI Listing

A population-based study of inter-generational attitudes towards consanguineous marriages in north-eastern Brazil.

J Biosoc Sci 2019 Mar 13:1-15. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

1Community Genetics Group,Universidade Estadual da Paraíba,Brazil.

The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate beliefs, attitudes and reproductive behaviours in relation to consanguinity in a population living in the backlands of north-eastern Brazil. Data were collected by face-to-face interview from 147 high school students aged 13-20 years and from 532 elderly individuals aged 60 years and over from Brejo dos Santos in the state of Paraíba in 2017. The frequency of consanguineous marriage was found to have increased over the generations, being 15. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000433DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Thinness in a population of rural girls in Poland: 14-year changes and regional differentiation.

J Biosoc Sci 2019 Mar 7:1-8. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

3Department of Anatomy,University of Physical Education,Krakow,Poland.

Worldwide data indicate a growing number of energy homeostasis disorders, which are especially dangerous in childhood. The distribution and growing trends of overweight and obesity in children have been widely investigated, unlike the prevalence of too-low body weight and its determinants. This study aimed to estimate the frequency of body mass deficiency in Polish rural girls and differences among four Polish regions - Choszczno and Leszno in the north-west, and Ostrów Mazowiecka and Suwałki in the north-east. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932019000063DOI Listing
March 2019
6 Reads

DIABETES MELLITUS PREVALENCE AMONG TRADITIONAL ROMA WOMEN IN SERBIA: A REPLY TO BROŽ AND NUNES.

Authors:
J Čvorović

J Biosoc Sci 2019 May 7;51(3):465-466. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Institute of Ethnography,SASA,Belgrade,Serbia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932019000117DOI Listing

DIABETES PREVALENCE AMONG TRADITIONAL ROMA WOMEN IN SERBIA: A COMMENTARY ON ČVOROVIČ (2018).

J Biosoc Sci 2019 May 7;51(3):463-464. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Department of Internal Medicine,University Hospital Motol,Second Faculty of Medicine,Charles University,Prague,Czech Republic.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932019000105DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

Schistosoma mansoni infection and risk factors among the fishermen of Lake Hawassa, southern Ethiopia.

J Biosoc Sci 2019 Mar 6:1-10. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

2School of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences,Institute of Health,Jimma University,Jimma,Ethiopia.

Schistosomiasis is a neglected tropical parasitic disease caused by different species of genus Schistosoma. Schistosoma mansoni causes a severe intestinal parasitic infection of high public and medical importance in Ethiopia. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of, and risk factors for, S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932019000075DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Social relationships, neighbourhood poverty and cumulative biological risk: findings from a multi-racial US urban community.

J Biosoc Sci 2019 Feb 26:1-18. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

4School of Nursing,University of Michigan-Flint,Flint,MI,USA.

Prior research has established associations between neighbourhood poverty and cumulative biological risk (CBR). CBR is conceptualized as indicative of the effects of stress on biological functioning, and is linked with increased morbidity and mortality. Studies suggest that supportive social relationships may be health protective, and may erode under conditions of poverty. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S002193201900004XDOI Listing
February 2019

Net nutrition on the late 19th and early 20th century American Great Plains: a robust biological response to the challenges to the Turner Hypothesis.

J Biosoc Sci 2019 Feb 26:1-22. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

University of Texas,Permian Basin,Odessa, TX,USA and University of Münich and CESifo,Münich,Germany.

In 1893, Frederick Jackson Turner proposed that America's Western frontier was an economic 'safety-valve' - a place where settlers could migrate when conditions in eastern states and Europe crystallized against their upward economic mobility. However, recent studies suggest the Western frontier's material conditions may not have been as advantageous as Jackson proposed because settlers lacked the knowledge and human capital to succeed on the Plains and Far Western frontier. Using stature, BMI and weight from five late 19th and early 20th century prisons, this study uses 61,276 observations for men between ages 15 and 79 to illustrate that current and cumulative net nutrition on the Great Plains did not deteriorate during the late 19th and early 20th centuries, indicating that recent challenges to the Turner Hypothesis are not well supported by net nutrition studies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932019000014DOI Listing
February 2019

Social stratification and allostatic load: shapes of health differences in the MIDUS study in the United States.

J Biosoc Sci 2019 Jan 28:1-18. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

2Division of Geriatrics, David Geffen School of Medicine,University of California,Los Angeles,USA.

Social stratification is an important mechanism of human organization that helps to explain health differences between demographic groups commonly associated with socioeconomic gradients. Individuals, or group of individuals, with similar health profiles may have had different stratification experiences. This is particularly true as social stratification is a significant non-measurable source of systematic unobservable differences in both SES indicators and health statuses of disadvantage. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000378DOI Listing
January 2019

Did family size affect differences in body height in non-urbanized societies? Evidence from the Lemko community in Poland in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

J Biosoc Sci 2019 Jan 11:1-14. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

3Department of Human Evolutionary Biology,Faculty of Biology,Institute of Anthropology,Adam Mickiewicz University,Poznań,Poland.

The aim of this study was to examine the effect of economic changes in the Polish territories under Austrian partition at the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th centuries on the trend in adult body height, and to examine the effect of number of children in a family, as a socioeconomic factor, on the differences in heights of males and females. Data collected in a 1939 survey for a group of 350 Lemkos living in Polish lands under the Austrian partition were obtained from archive material. Individual data were obtained for body height and number of siblings, to calculate family size. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000421DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

SNIFF AND TELL: THE FEASIBILITY OF USING BIO-DETECTION DOGS AS A MOBILE DIAGNOSTIC INTERVENTION FOR ASYMPTOMATIC MALARIA IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA.

J Biosoc Sci 2019 May 8;51(3):436-443. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

3Department of Disease Control and ARCTEC,London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine,London,UK.

Bio-Detection Dogs (BDDs) are used in some high-income countries as a diagnostic intervention, yet little is known about their potential in low/middle-income countries with limited diagnostic resources. This exploratory study investigated the opportunities and implications of deploying BDDs as a mobile diagnostic intervention to identify people with asymptomatic malaria, particularly at ports of entry, as an important step to malaria elimination in a population. A qualitative study design consisting of participant observation, five focus group discussions and informal conversations was employed in The Gambia in April-May 2017. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S002193201
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000408DOI Listing
May 2019
3 Reads

Estimating geographic variations in the determinants of attitude towards the practice of female genital mutilation in Nigeria.

J Biosoc Sci 2018 Dec 27:1-13. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Biostatistics and Spatial Statistics Laboratory,Department of Statistics,Federal University of Technology,Akure,Nigeria.

Female genital mutilation (FGM) has persisted in Nigeria despite the very harmful effects on its victims. Massive inequality in the demographic and socioeconomic status of the Nigerian populace, coupled with marked differences in cultural values, have led to lopsided patterns of most health indicators based on the geographical location. The risk factors of health indicators are equally expected to vary according to location. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000391DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

What affects utilization of malaria control services? A qualitative approach to understanding community perception in highly malarious Gadchiroli district, Maharashtra, India.

J Biosoc Sci 2018 Dec 27:1-12. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

5ICMR-National Institute of Malaria Research Field Station,Jabalpur,India.

National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme (NVBDCP) data have shown that nearly half of all malaria deaths in India occur in tribal-dominated areas. The present study took a qualitative approach to understanding community perceptions and practices related to malarial infection and anti-malarial programmes. Twelve focus group discussions and 26 in-depth interviews of Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs) were conducted in nine villages in the district of Gadchiroli, Maharashtra state in India in June 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S002193201800038XDOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Differences in prevalence and determinants of hypertension according to rural-urban place of residence among adults in Bangladesh.

J Biosoc Sci 2018 Dec 19:1-13. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

2Bloomberg School of Public Health,Johns Hopkins University,Baltimore,MD,USA.

This cross-sectional study analysed Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey 2011 data with the aim of investigating the prevalence of, and risk factors for, hypertension in individuals aged over 35 by rural-urban place of residence. After estimation of the stratified prevalence of hypertension by background characteristics, multivariable logistic regression analysis was conducted to calculate the adjusted odds (AORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for selected factors. Of the 7839 participants, 1830 were from urban areas and 6009 from rural areas. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000366DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Association between spousal violence and the incidence of acute respiratory infection among children under five: random-effect modelling using data from Nigeria and Bangladesh.

J Biosoc Sci 2018 Dec 3:1-15. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

3Mailman School of Public Health,Columbia University,New York,USA.

Acute respiratory infection (ARI) is a major cause of mortality among children under the age of five in developing countries. This paper examines Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) data on maternal recall of episodes of ARI in the contrasting settings of Bangladesh and Nigeria, where about 11.1% and 3. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000329DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Concerns about contracting HIV, knowing partners' HIV sero-status and discussion of HIV/STI with sexual partners as determinants of uptake of HIV testing.

J Biosoc Sci 2018 Dec 5:1-13. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

1Department of Sociology,Faculty of Social Sciences & Humanities,University of Fort Hare,East London,South Africa.

Worldwide, adolescents and young adults (aged 15-25 years) account for the highest proportion of new HIV infections, yet the uptake of HIV testing among this cohort is sub-optimal. Understanding factors that predict the uptake of HIV testing among adolescents and young adults is critical for designing effective and relevant interventions to increase testing. Drawing from the psychosocial constructs of the Health Belief Model, the study examined the effects of HIV risk perception, discussion of HIV with partners and knowing partners' HIV status on HIV testing uptake among adolescents and young adults in two Nigerian universities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000330DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Anthropometric variations in different BMI and adiposity levels among children, adolescents and young adults in Kolkata, India.

J Biosoc Sci 2018 Dec 4:1-16. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

4Biological Anthropology Unit,Indian Statistical Institute,Kolkata,India.

The objective of the study was to analyse selected anthropometric features of children, adolescents and young adults from middle-class families in Kolkata, India, by BMI and adiposity categories. Standardized anthropometric measurements of 4194 individuals (1999 male and 2195 female) aged 7-21 were carried out between the years 2005 and 2011. The results were compared by BMI and adiposity categories. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000354DOI Listing
December 2018
10 Reads

Women living with multi-morbidity in the Greater Accra Region of Ghana: a qualitative study guided by the Cumulative Complexity Model.

J Biosoc Sci 2018 Nov 26:1-16. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

3Academic Unit of Social Statistics & Demography, Faculty of Social & Human Sciences,University of Southampton,Southampton,UK.

Defined as the co-occurrence of more than two chronic conditions, multi-morbidity has been described as a significant health care problem: a trend linked to a rise in non-communicable disease and an ageing population. Evidence on the experiences of living with multi-morbidity in middle-income countries (MICs) is limited. In high-income countries (HICs), multi-morbidity has a complex impact on health outcomes, including functional status, disability and quality of life, complexity of health care and burden of treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000342DOI Listing
November 2018
18 Reads

Buruli ulcer in southern Côte D'ivoire: dynamic schemes of perception and interpretation of modes of transmission.

J Biosoc Sci 2018 Oct 31:1-14. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

2Centre Suisse de Recherches Scientifiques en Côte d'Ivoire (CSRS),Abidjan,Côte d'Ivoire.

Buruli ulcer (BU) belongs to the group of neglected tropical diseases and constitutes a public health problem in many rural communities in Côte d'Ivoire. The transmission patterns of this skin infection are poorly defined, hence the current study aimed to contribute to the understanding, perceptions and interpretations of its mode of transmission using a socio-environmental approach. Social and environmental risk factors that may expose people to infection, and the dynamics of local transfer of knowledge and practices related to BU, were assessed in two endemic locations in southern Côte d'Ivoire, i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000317DOI Listing
October 2018
6 Reads

SEX DIFFERENCES IN THE SOCIAL ECOLOGY OF BREASTFEEDING: A MIXED METHODS ANALYSIS OF THE BREASTFEEDING VIEWS OF EXPECTANT MOTHERS AND FATHERS IN THE US EXPOSED TO ADVERSITY.

J Biosoc Sci 2019 May 23;51(3):374-393. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

2University of Michigan Medical School,Ann Arbor,Michigan,US.

Despite the significant health benefits of breastfeeding for the mother and the infant, economic class and race disparities in breastfeeding rates persist. Support for breastfeeding from the father of the infant is associated with higher rates of breastfeeding initiation. However, little is known about the factors that may promote or deter father support of breastfeeding, especially in fathers exposed to contextual adversity such as poverty and violence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S002193201800024XDOI Listing
May 2019
6 Reads

Stigma as a barrier to family planning use among married youth in Ethiopia.

J Biosoc Sci 2018 Oct 23:1-15. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

2Population Council,Addis Ababa,Ethiopia.

Nearly 33 million female youths have an unmet need for voluntary family planning (FP), meaning they are sexually active and do not want to become pregnant. In Ethiopia, age at marriage remains low: 40% and 14% of young women aged 20-24 were married by the ages of 18 and 15, respectively. Despite increases in FP use by married 15- to 24-year-olds from 5% in 2000 to 37% in 2016, unmet need remains high at 19%. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000305DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Factors influencing satisfaction with oral contraceptive pills and injectables among past users in Kenya.

J Biosoc Sci 2018 Oct 12:1-14. Epub 2018 Oct 12.

4Department of Sociology,Ohio State University,Ohio,USA.

This study examines factors associated with satisfaction with oral pills and injectables among past users in Kenya based on a baseline survey for the 2-year prospective longitudinal study Improving Measurement of Unintended Pregnancy and Unmet Need for Family Planning conducted in 2016. Married women aged 15-39 years were interviewed using a structured questionnaire that captured information on reproduction, contraceptive knowledge and beliefs and attitudes towards contraception in general and towards specific methods. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to examine factors that influenced satisfaction with oral pills and injectables among past users in one urban site (Nairobi slums) and one predominantly rural site (Homa Bay in western Kenya). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000299DOI Listing
October 2018
4 Reads

EXPERIENCING SYNDEMIC: DISENTANGLING THE BIOSOCIAL COMPLEXITY OF TUBERCULOSIS THROUGH QUALITATIVE RESEARCH.

J Biosoc Sci 2019 May 9;51(3):403-417. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

4Department of Tuberculosis and Pulmonology,Siberian State Medical University,Russian Federation.

Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major global public health problem that has become a crisis fuelled by HIV and the increasing occurrence of antimicrobial resistance. What has been termed the biosocial nature of TB challenges effective control of the disease. Yet, biosocial interactions involved in the persistence of TB in diverse settings are difficult to systematically account for. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S002193201
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000263DOI Listing
May 2019
9 Reads

Biocultural determinants of overweight and obesity in the context of nutrition transition in Senegal: a holistic anthropological approach.

J Biosoc Sci 2018 Oct 8:1-22. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

2CNRS,UMI 3189,Faculty of Medicine,UCAD,Dakar,Sénégal.

Senegal is experiencing a rising obesity epidemic, due to the nutrition transition occurring in most African countries, and driven by sedentary behaviour and high-calorie dietary intake. In addition, the anthropological local drivers of the social valorization of processed high-calorie food and large body sizes could expose the population to obesity risk. This study aimed to determine the impact of these biocultural factors on the nutritional status of Senegalese adults. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S002193201
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000287DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

FROM BIRTH TO ADULTHOOD: ANTHROPOMETRIC TRAJECTORIES AND THEIR IMPLICATIONS FOR CHRONIC DISEASES IN GUATEMALA.

Authors:
Carmen D Ng

J Biosoc Sci 2019 Mar 8;51(2):292-306. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

Graduate Group in Demography,University of Pennsylvania,Philadelphia,PA,USA.

The objective of this paper was to study nutritional status and growth, as measured by height and weight, over the life course and their connection with chronic diseases in Guatemala, a country with high levels of child undernutrition and adult overnutrition, using data from the Institute of Nutrition of Central America and Panama (INCAP) Nutrition Trial Cohort study. The study sample comprised a birth cohort of 1570 individuals who had data in the original 1969-1977 survey as well as the 2002-2004 follow-up, allowing for an analysis of the nutritional transition from childhood to adulthood. The associations between childhood and adulthood anthropometrics were analysed, and the links of these with chronic disease indicators were assessed using multiple regression analysis and structural equation modelling. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S002193201
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000238DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6365185PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

ESTIMATING THE HEALTH AND SOCIOECONOMIC EFFECTS OF COUSIN MARRIAGE IN SOUTH ASIA.

J Biosoc Sci 2019 May 5;51(3):418-435. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

9Facebook,Seattle,WA,USA.

The effects of marriage between biological relatives on the incidence of childhood genetic illness and mortality are of major policy significance, as rates of consanguinity exceed 50% in various countries. Empirical research on this question is complicated by the fact that consanguinity is often correlated with poverty and other unobserved characteristics of households, which may have independent effects on mortality. This study has developed an instrumental variables empirical strategy to re-examine this question, based on the concept that the availability of unmarried cousins of the opposite gender at the time of marriage creates quasi-random variation in the propensity to marry consanguineously. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000275DOI Listing
May 2019
5 Reads

DEVELOPMENT AND PSYCHOMETRIC TESTING OF AN INSTRUMENT TO MEASURE WOMEN'S PERCEPTIONS OF UNPLANNED PREGNANCY.

J Biosoc Sci 2019 May 2;51(3):394-402. Epub 2018 Oct 2.

5School of Nursing Programs,Binghamton University,Binghamton,New York,USA.

A woman's decision to continue or terminate an unplanned pregnancy is affected by a broad range of contextual and cognitive factors. The identification of women's perceptions of unplanned pregnancy is crucial for health care providers to be able to offer supportive care and counselling. The aim of this study was to develop an instrument to accurately measure women's perceptions of unplanned pregnancy: the Women's Perceptions of Unplanned Pregnancy Questionnaire. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000251DOI Listing
May 2019
14 Reads

DOWRY, 'DOWRY AUTONOMY' AND DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AMONG YOUNG MARRIED WOMEN IN INDIA.

J Biosoc Sci 2019 May 30;51(3):353-373. Epub 2018 Jul 30.

†International Development Studies,School of Languages and Area Studies,University of Portsmouth,UK.

SummaryDowry practice, women's autonomy to use dowry ('dowry autonomy') and the association of these with domestic violence were examined among young married women in India. Data were taken from the 'Youth in India: Situation and Needs Study' carried out in six Indian states during 2006-07. A total of 13,912 women aged 15-24 years were included in the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000226DOI Listing
May 2019
9 Reads

ANALYSING GROUP DIFFERENCES IN INTELLIGENCE USING THE PSYCHOMETRIC META-ANALYTIC METHOD OF CORRELATED VECTORS HYBRID MODEL: A REPLY TO WICHERTS (2018) ATTACKING A STRAWMAN.

J Biosoc Sci 2018 Nov 17;50(6):870-871. Epub 2018 Jul 17.

Work and Organizational Psychology,University of Amsterdam,the Netherlands.

SummaryWicherts (2018) criticizes the use of the method of correlated vectors when testing Spearman's hypothesis. It is argued that Wicherts ignores the psychometric meta-analytic method of correlated vectors hybrid model and so is attacking a strawman. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000160DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

IGNORING PSYCHOMETRIC PROBLEMS IN THE STUDY OF GROUP DIFFERENCES IN COGNITIVE TEST PERFORMANCE.

Authors:
Jelte M Wicherts

J Biosoc Sci 2018 Nov 17;50(6):868-869. Epub 2018 Jul 17.

Department of Methodology and Statistics,Tilburg University,Tilburg,the Netherlands.

SummaryIn a recent study, te Nijenhuis et al. (2017) used a version of Jensen's method of correlated vectors to study the nature of ethnic group differences on Raven's Progressive Matrices test. In this comment, the author points out that this method has been shown to be psychometrically inappropriate in studying group differences in performance on dichotomous (correctly or incorrectly scored) items. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000172DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

THIS (METHOD) IS (NOT) FINE.

Authors:
Jelte M Wicherts

J Biosoc Sci 2018 Nov 17;50(6):872-874. Epub 2018 Jul 17.

Department of Methodology and Statistics,Tilburg University,Tilburg,the Netherlands.

SummaryIn their response to my criticism of their recent article in Journal of Biosocial Science (te Nijenhuis et al., 2017), te Nijenhuis and van den Hoek (2018) raise four points none of which concerns my main point that the method of correlated vectors (MCV) applied to item-level data represents a flawed method. Here, I discuss te Nijenhuis and van den Hoek's four points. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000184DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

DIFFERENTIALS IN SEXUAL AND REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH KNOWLEDGE AMONG EAST MALAYSIAN ADOLESCENTS.

J Biosoc Sci 2019 Mar 6;51(2):282-291. Epub 2018 Jul 6.

¶National Population and Family Development Board,Kuala Lumpur,Malaysia.

SummaryThe aim of this study was to assess the knowledge of East Malaysian adolescents on sexual and reproductive health issues. Data were collected in March-July 2015 from 2858 adolescents aged 13-18 years from selected East Malaysian secondary schools using a self-administered questionnaire. Twelve items relating to sexual and reproductive health were used to measure respondents' knowledge based on their responses 'True', 'False' or 'Don't know', with the proportion of correct answers being the variable of interest. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000214DOI Listing
March 2019
9 Reads

PROGRESS AND PROSPECTS OF HEALTH-RELATED SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS IN INDIA.

J Biosoc Sci 2019 May 26;51(3):335-352. Epub 2018 Jun 26.

International Institute for Population Sciences,Mumbai,India.

SummaryThe Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are increasingly being used to measure developmental progress among and within countries. Achieving the health-related SDGs remains a primary concern of many developing countries. This study measured the progress in selected health-related indicators of SDGs in the states of India by social and economic groups, and predicted their likely progress by 2030. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S002193201
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000202DOI Listing
May 2019
2 Reads

SELF-RATED HEALTH AND TEENAGE PREGNANCIES IN ROMA WOMEN: INCREASING HEIGHT IS ASSOCIATED WITH BETTER HEALTH OUTCOMES.

J Biosoc Sci 2019 May 11;51(3):444-456. Epub 2018 Jun 11.

Institute of Ethnography,Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts,Belgrade,Serbia.

SummaryThis paper reports on the association between early marriage, age at first reproduction and height, as an indicator of childhood environment, and maternal health outcomes among traditional Roma women in Serbia. Demographic data, marital and reproductive histories, height, weight and self-rated health were collected from 414 Roma women living in rural settlements in Serbia in 2015-2017. Data analysis showed that higher age and weight were associated with a greater risk of poor health, greater height contributed to reduced risk of poor health while reproductive variables were insignificant. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000196DOI Listing
May 2019
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A STUDY OF THE HERITABILITY OF INTELLIGENCE IN SUDAN.

J Biosoc Sci 2019 Mar 23;51(2):307-311. Epub 2018 May 23.

§Department of Special Education,College of Education,King Saud University,Riyadh,Saudi Arabia.

SummaryIntelligence was assessed using the Standard Progressive Matrices in 316 MZ and 550 same-sex DZ twins with a mean age of 10 years in Sudan. Heritability was estimated at 0.172 and shared environmental influences at 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000159DOI Listing
March 2019
12 Reads

GENDER DIFFERENCES IN THE ASSOCIATION BETWEEN MARITAL STATUS AND HYPERTENSION IN GHANA.

J Biosoc Sci 2019 May 21;51(3):313-334. Epub 2018 May 21.

†Department of Internal Medicine and Therapeutics,School of Medical Sciences,College of Health and Allied Sciences,University of Cape Coast,Ghana.

SummaryHypertension is a significant contributor to the global burden of cardiovascular and related target organ diseases such as heart failure, coronary heart disease, stroke and kidney failure, and their associated premature morbidity, mortality and disability. Marital status is an important social characteristic known to predict a range of health outcomes including cardiovascular disease. However, little is known about its impact on hypertension in sub-Saharan Africa. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000147DOI Listing
May 2019
16 Reads

SEXUAL AND REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH CONCERNS OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITY IN INDIA: AN ISSUE OF DEEP-ROOTED SILENCE.

J Biosoc Sci 2019 Mar 18;51(2):225-243. Epub 2018 May 18.

School of Health Systems Studies,Tata Institute of Social Sciences,Mumbai,India.

SummaryGlobal estimates suggest that over a billion people live with a disability that is significant enough to affect their daily lives. According to the 2011 Indian Census, India alone has about 26.8 million people with disabilities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000081DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

MATERNAL EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT AND SEX RATIO AT BIRTH BY RACE IN THE UNITED STATES, 2007-2015.

Authors:
Victor Grech

J Biosoc Sci 2019 May 15;51(3):457-462. Epub 2018 May 15.

Paediatric Department,University of Malta Medical School,Msida,Malta.

SummaryMany factors influence the male:female birth ratio (number of male births divided by total births, M/T). Studies have suggested that this ratio may be positively correlated with the education levels of mothers. This study assessed the effect of maternal education on M/T in the US population overall and by racial group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000123DOI Listing
May 2019
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REGIONAL DIFFERENCES IN INTELLIGENCE IN EGYPT: A COUNTRY WHERE UPPER IS LOWER.

J Biosoc Sci 2019 Mar 11;51(2):273-281. Epub 2018 May 11.

†Department of Special Education,College of Education,King Saud University,Riyadh,Saudi Arabia.

SummaryTwo administrations of the Coloured Progressive Matrices in Egypt were compared. The first was administered to a large, representative national sample between 2011 and 2013. The second was administered to primary school pupils in villages in Menoufia in northern Egypt in 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000135DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

CONSISTENCY OF THE EFFECTS OF FEMALE EDUCATION ON FERTILITY ACROSS THE NORTH-SOUTH DEMOGRAPHIC DIVIDE IN NIGERIA, 2003-2013.

J Biosoc Sci 2019 Jan 10;51(1):138-153. Epub 2018 Apr 10.

†Department of Sociology,University of Ibadan,Ibadan,Oyo State,Nigeria.

SummaryMost studies examining the association between female education and fertility have reported an inverse association. However, little is known about the consistency of the relationship, or what level of education triggers an inverse association. This study examined the consistency of the association between female education and fertility across the north-south demographic divide in Nigeria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000111DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads

REGIONAL DIFFERENCES IN POSITIVE SEXUAL BEHAVIOUR AMONG YOUTH IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA.

J Biosoc Sci 2019 Mar 10;51(2):254-272. Epub 2018 Apr 10.

Demography and Population Studies Programme,Schools of Public Health and Social Sciences,University of the Witwatersrand,Johannesburg,South Africa.

SummaryThe question of youth sexual behaviour has been widely debated, with researchers such as Berhan and Berhan (2015) arguing that young adults aged 15-24 are more likely to engage in risky behaviours. However, research has not adequately addressed the issue of positive sexual behaviours, in particular among young people in sub-Saharan Africa. Adapting the compensatory model of risk and resiliency theory, this study examined the determinants of positive sexual behaviours among youth in sub-Saharan Africa. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S002193201
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S002193201800010XDOI Listing
March 2019
35 Reads

PREVALENCE OF CHILDHOOD OBESITY AND UNDERNUTRITION AMONG URBAN SCHOOL CHILDREN IN BANGLADESH.

J Biosoc Sci 2019 Mar 10;51(2):244-253. Epub 2018 Apr 10.

Department of Community Medicine,Ibrahim Medical College,Dhaka,Bangladesh.

SummaryDespite the ongoing problems of undernutrition and infectious disease, obesity and overweight have become a major problem in developing countries, including Bangladesh. This cross-sectional study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of obesity, overweight and underweight among school children aged 6-12 years in Bangladesh. The study was conducted from June 2012 to May 2013 and the study sample comprised 1768 children (980 boys; 788 girls) from eight purposively selected schools in different areas of Dhaka city. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000093DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

INDIVIDUAL- AND COMMUNITY-LEVEL DETERMINANTS OF ANTENATAL HIV TESTING IN ZIMBABWE.

J Biosoc Sci 2019 Mar 6;51(2):203-224. Epub 2018 Mar 6.

School of Education and Social Sciences,University of Hull,UK.

SummaryThis study contributes to the dialogue on the prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission (PMTCT) through the use of HIV and antenatal care (ANC) integrated services. The determinants of antenatal HIV testing in Zimbabwe were explored. Multilevel logistic regression models were applied to data for 8471 women from 406 clusters who gave birth in the 5 years preceding Zimbabwe Demographic and Health Surveys conducted in 2005/6 and 2010/11. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S002193201800007XDOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

WOMEN'S EMPOWERMENT AND INTIMATE PARTNER VIOLENCE IN BANGLADESH: INVESTIGATING THE COMPLEX RELATIONSHIP.

J Biosoc Sci 2019 Mar 6;51(2):188-202. Epub 2018 Mar 6.

†Department of Agricultural Statistics,Bangladesh Agricultural University,Mymensingh,Bangladesh.

SummaryThe aim of this study was to assess whether women's empowerment ensures reduced intimate partner violence (IPV). The differential relationship between women's empowerment and IPV among married women in Bangladesh was investigated using 2007 Demographic and Health Survey data. Logistic regression models were used to assess whether women's empowerment had any influence on their likelihood of experiencing IPV while controlling for other covariates. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000068DOI Listing
March 2019
7 Reads