2,284 results match your criteria Journal of biosocial science[Journal]


Social stratification and allostatic load: shapes of health differences in the MIDUS study in the United States.

J Biosoc Sci 2019 Jan 28:1-18. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

2Division of Geriatrics, David Geffen School of Medicine,University of California,Los Angeles,USA.

Social stratification is an important mechanism of human organization that helps to explain health differences between demographic groups commonly associated with socioeconomic gradients. Individuals, or group of individuals, with similar health profiles may have had different stratification experiences. This is particularly true as social stratification is a significant non-measurable source of systematic unobservable differences in both SES indicators and health statuses of disadvantage. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000378DOI Listing
January 2019

Did family size affect differences in body height in non-urbanized societies? Evidence from the Lemko community in Poland in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

J Biosoc Sci 2019 Jan 11:1-14. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

3Department of Human Evolutionary Biology,Faculty of Biology,Institute of Anthropology,Adam Mickiewicz University,Poznań,Poland.

The aim of this study was to examine the effect of economic changes in the Polish territories under Austrian partition at the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th centuries on the trend in adult body height, and to examine the effect of number of children in a family, as a socioeconomic factor, on the differences in heights of males and females. Data collected in a 1939 survey for a group of 350 Lemkos living in Polish lands under the Austrian partition were obtained from archive material. Individual data were obtained for body height and number of siblings, to calculate family size. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000421DOI Listing
January 2019

Sniff and tell: the feasibility of using Bio-Detection Dogs as a mobile diagnostic intervention for asymptomatic malaria in sub-Saharan Africa.

J Biosoc Sci 2019 Jan 8:1-8. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

3Department of Disease Control and ARCTEC,London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine,London,UK.

Bio-Detection Dogs (BDDs) are used in some high-income countries as a diagnostic intervention, yet little is known about their potential in low/middle-income countries with limited diagnostic resources. This exploratory study investigated the opportunities and implications of deploying BDDs as a mobile diagnostic intervention to identify people with asymptomatic malaria, particularly at ports of entry, as an important step to malaria elimination in a population. A qualitative study design consisting of participant observation, five focus group discussions and informal conversations was employed in The Gambia in April-May 2017. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S002193201
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000408DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Estimating geographic variations in the determinants of attitude towards the practice of female genital mutilation in Nigeria.

J Biosoc Sci 2018 Dec 27:1-13. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Biostatistics and Spatial Statistics Laboratory,Department of Statistics,Federal University of Technology,Akure,Nigeria.

Female genital mutilation (FGM) has persisted in Nigeria despite the very harmful effects on its victims. Massive inequality in the demographic and socioeconomic status of the Nigerian populace, coupled with marked differences in cultural values, have led to lopsided patterns of most health indicators based on the geographical location. The risk factors of health indicators are equally expected to vary according to location. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000391DOI Listing
December 2018

What affects utilization of malaria control services? A qualitative approach to understanding community perception in highly malarious Gadchiroli district, Maharashtra, India.

J Biosoc Sci 2018 Dec 27:1-12. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

5ICMR-National Institute of Malaria Research Field Station,Jabalpur,India.

National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme (NVBDCP) data have shown that nearly half of all malaria deaths in India occur in tribal-dominated areas. The present study took a qualitative approach to understanding community perceptions and practices related to malarial infection and anti-malarial programmes. Twelve focus group discussions and 26 in-depth interviews of Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs) were conducted in nine villages in the district of Gadchiroli, Maharashtra state in India in June 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S002193201800038XDOI Listing
December 2018

Differences in prevalence and determinants of hypertension according to rural-urban place of residence among adults in Bangladesh.

J Biosoc Sci 2018 Dec 19:1-13. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

2Bloomberg School of Public Health,Johns Hopkins University,Baltimore,MD,USA.

This cross-sectional study analysed Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey 2011 data with the aim of investigating the prevalence of, and risk factors for, hypertension in individuals aged over 35 by rural-urban place of residence. After estimation of the stratified prevalence of hypertension by background characteristics, multivariable logistic regression analysis was conducted to calculate the adjusted odds (AORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for selected factors. Of the 7839 participants, 1830 were from urban areas and 6009 from rural areas. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000366DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Association between spousal violence and the incidence of acute respiratory infection among children under five: random-effect modelling using data from Nigeria and Bangladesh.

J Biosoc Sci 2018 Dec 3:1-15. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

3Mailman School of Public Health,Columbia University,New York,USA.

Acute respiratory infection (ARI) is a major cause of mortality among children under the age of five in developing countries. This paper examines Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) data on maternal recall of episodes of ARI in the contrasting settings of Bangladesh and Nigeria, where about 11.1% and 3. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000329DOI Listing
December 2018

Concerns about contracting HIV, knowing partners' HIV sero-status and discussion of HIV/STI with sexual partners as determinants of uptake of HIV testing.

J Biosoc Sci 2018 Dec 5:1-13. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

1Department of Sociology,Faculty of Social Sciences & Humanities,University of Fort Hare,East London,South Africa.

Worldwide, adolescents and young adults (aged 15-25 years) account for the highest proportion of new HIV infections, yet the uptake of HIV testing among this cohort is sub-optimal. Understanding factors that predict the uptake of HIV testing among adolescents and young adults is critical for designing effective and relevant interventions to increase testing. Drawing from the psychosocial constructs of the Health Belief Model, the study examined the effects of HIV risk perception, discussion of HIV with partners and knowing partners' HIV status on HIV testing uptake among adolescents and young adults in two Nigerian universities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000330DOI Listing
December 2018

Anthropometric variations in different BMI and adiposity levels among children, adolescents and young adults in Kolkata, India.

J Biosoc Sci 2018 Dec 4:1-16. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

4Biological Anthropology Unit,Indian Statistical Institute,Kolkata,India.

The objective of the study was to analyse selected anthropometric features of children, adolescents and young adults from middle-class families in Kolkata, India, by BMI and adiposity categories. Standardized anthropometric measurements of 4194 individuals (1999 male and 2195 female) aged 7-21 were carried out between the years 2005 and 2011. The results were compared by BMI and adiposity categories. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000354DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Women living with multi-morbidity in the Greater Accra Region of Ghana: a qualitative study guided by the Cumulative Complexity Model.

J Biosoc Sci 2018 Nov 26:1-16. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

3Academic Unit of Social Statistics & Demography, Faculty of Social & Human Sciences,University of Southampton,Southampton,UK.

Defined as the co-occurrence of more than two chronic conditions, multi-morbidity has been described as a significant health care problem: a trend linked to a rise in non-communicable disease and an ageing population. Evidence on the experiences of living with multi-morbidity in middle-income countries (MICs) is limited. In high-income countries (HICs), multi-morbidity has a complex impact on health outcomes, including functional status, disability and quality of life, complexity of health care and burden of treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000342DOI Listing
November 2018
12 Reads

Buruli ulcer in southern Côte D'ivoire: dynamic schemes of perception and interpretation of modes of transmission.

J Biosoc Sci 2018 Oct 31:1-14. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

2Centre Suisse de Recherches Scientifiques en Côte d'Ivoire (CSRS),Abidjan,Côte d'Ivoire.

Buruli ulcer (BU) belongs to the group of neglected tropical diseases and constitutes a public health problem in many rural communities in Côte d'Ivoire. The transmission patterns of this skin infection are poorly defined, hence the current study aimed to contribute to the understanding, perceptions and interpretations of its mode of transmission using a socio-environmental approach. Social and environmental risk factors that may expose people to infection, and the dynamics of local transfer of knowledge and practices related to BU, were assessed in two endemic locations in southern Côte d'Ivoire, i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000317DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

Sex differences in the social ecology of breastfeeding: a mixed methods analysis of the breastfeeding views of expectant mothers and fathers in the US exposed to adversity.

J Biosoc Sci 2018 Oct 23:1-20. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

2University of Michigan Medical School,Ann Arbor,Michigan,US.

Despite the significant health benefits of breastfeeding for the mother and the infant, economic class and race disparities in breastfeeding rates persist. Support for breastfeeding from the father of the infant is associated with higher rates of breastfeeding initiation. However, little is known about the factors that may promote or deter father support of breastfeeding, especially in fathers exposed to contextual adversity such as poverty and violence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S002193201800024XDOI Listing
October 2018
5 Reads

Stigma as a barrier to family planning use among married youth in Ethiopia.

J Biosoc Sci 2018 Oct 23:1-15. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

2Population Council,Addis Ababa,Ethiopia.

Nearly 33 million female youths have an unmet need for voluntary family planning (FP), meaning they are sexually active and do not want to become pregnant. In Ethiopia, age at marriage remains low: 40% and 14% of young women aged 20-24 were married by the ages of 18 and 15, respectively. Despite increases in FP use by married 15- to 24-year-olds from 5% in 2000 to 37% in 2016, unmet need remains high at 19%. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000305DOI Listing
October 2018

Factors influencing satisfaction with oral contraceptive pills and injectables among past users in Kenya.

J Biosoc Sci 2018 Oct 12:1-14. Epub 2018 Oct 12.

4Department of Sociology,Ohio State University,Ohio,USA.

This study examines factors associated with satisfaction with oral pills and injectables among past users in Kenya based on a baseline survey for the 2-year prospective longitudinal study Improving Measurement of Unintended Pregnancy and Unmet Need for Family Planning conducted in 2016. Married women aged 15-39 years were interviewed using a structured questionnaire that captured information on reproduction, contraceptive knowledge and beliefs and attitudes towards contraception in general and towards specific methods. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to examine factors that influenced satisfaction with oral pills and injectables among past users in one urban site (Nairobi slums) and one predominantly rural site (Homa Bay in western Kenya). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000299DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

Experiencing syndemic: disentangling the biosocial complexity of tuberculosis through qualitative research.

J Biosoc Sci 2018 Oct 9:1-15. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

4Department of Tuberculosis and Pulmonology,Siberian State Medical University,Russian Federation.

Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major global public health problem that has become a crisis fuelled by HIV and the increasing occurrence of antimicrobial resistance. What has been termed the biosocial nature of TB challenges effective control of the disease. Yet, biosocial interactions involved in the persistence of TB in diverse settings are difficult to systematically account for. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S002193201
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000263DOI Listing
October 2018
6 Reads

Biocultural determinants of overweight and obesity in the context of nutrition transition in Senegal: a holistic anthropological approach.

J Biosoc Sci 2018 Oct 8:1-22. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

2CNRS,UMI 3189,Faculty of Medicine,UCAD,Dakar,Sénégal.

Senegal is experiencing a rising obesity epidemic, due to the nutrition transition occurring in most African countries, and driven by sedentary behaviour and high-calorie dietary intake. In addition, the anthropological local drivers of the social valorization of processed high-calorie food and large body sizes could expose the population to obesity risk. This study aimed to determine the impact of these biocultural factors on the nutritional status of Senegalese adults. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S002193201
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000287DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

FROM BIRTH TO ADULTHOOD: ANTHROPOMETRIC TRAJECTORIES AND THEIR IMPLICATIONS FOR CHRONIC DISEASES IN GUATEMALA.

Authors:
Carmen D Ng

J Biosoc Sci 2019 Mar 8;51(2):292-306. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

Graduate Group in Demography,University of Pennsylvania,Philadelphia,PA,USA.

The objective of this paper was to study nutritional status and growth, as measured by height and weight, over the life course and their connection with chronic diseases in Guatemala, a country with high levels of child undernutrition and adult overnutrition, using data from the Institute of Nutrition of Central America and Panama (INCAP) Nutrition Trial Cohort study. The study sample comprised a birth cohort of 1570 individuals who had data in the original 1969-1977 survey as well as the 2002-2004 follow-up, allowing for an analysis of the nutritional transition from childhood to adulthood. The associations between childhood and adulthood anthropometrics were analysed, and the links of these with chronic disease indicators were assessed using multiple regression analysis and structural equation modelling. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S002193201
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000238DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6365185PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Estimating the health and socioeconomic effects of cousin marriage in South Asia.

J Biosoc Sci 2018 Oct 5:1-18. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

9Facebook,Seattle,WA,USA.

The effects of marriage between biological relatives on the incidence of childhood genetic illness and mortality are of major policy significance, as rates of consanguinity exceed 50% in various countries. Empirical research on this question is complicated by the fact that consanguinity is often correlated with poverty and other unobserved characteristics of households, which may have independent effects on mortality. This study has developed an instrumental variables empirical strategy to re-examine this question, based on the concept that the availability of unmarried cousins of the opposite gender at the time of marriage creates quasi-random variation in the propensity to marry consanguineously. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000275DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Development and psychometric testing of an instrument to measure women's perceptions of unplanned pregnancy.

J Biosoc Sci 2018 Oct 2:1-9. Epub 2018 Oct 2.

5School of Nursing Programs,Binghamton University,Binghamton,New York,USA.

A woman's decision to continue or terminate an unplanned pregnancy is affected by a broad range of contextual and cognitive factors. The identification of women's perceptions of unplanned pregnancy is crucial for health care providers to be able to offer supportive care and counselling. The aim of this study was to develop an instrument to accurately measure women's perceptions of unplanned pregnancy: the Women's Perceptions of Unplanned Pregnancy Questionnaire. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000251DOI Listing
October 2018
10 Reads

DOWRY, 'DOWRY AUTONOMY' AND DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AMONG YOUNG MARRIED WOMEN IN INDIA.

J Biosoc Sci 2018 Jul 30:1-21. Epub 2018 Jul 30.

†International Development Studies,School of Languages and Area Studies,University of Portsmouth,UK.

SummaryDowry practice, women's autonomy to use dowry ('dowry autonomy') and the association of these with domestic violence were examined among young married women in India. Data were taken from the 'Youth in India: Situation and Needs Study' carried out in six Indian states during 2006-07. A total of 13,912 women aged 15-24 years were included in the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000226DOI Listing
July 2018
4 Reads

ANALYSING GROUP DIFFERENCES IN INTELLIGENCE USING THE PSYCHOMETRIC META-ANALYTIC METHOD OF CORRELATED VECTORS HYBRID MODEL: A REPLY TO WICHERTS (2018) ATTACKING A STRAWMAN.

J Biosoc Sci 2018 Nov 17;50(6):870-871. Epub 2018 Jul 17.

Work and Organizational Psychology,University of Amsterdam,the Netherlands.

SummaryWicherts (2018) criticizes the use of the method of correlated vectors when testing Spearman's hypothesis. It is argued that Wicherts ignores the psychometric meta-analytic method of correlated vectors hybrid model and so is attacking a strawman. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000160DOI Listing
November 2018

IGNORING PSYCHOMETRIC PROBLEMS IN THE STUDY OF GROUP DIFFERENCES IN COGNITIVE TEST PERFORMANCE.

Authors:
Jelte M Wicherts

J Biosoc Sci 2018 Nov 17;50(6):868-869. Epub 2018 Jul 17.

Department of Methodology and Statistics,Tilburg University,Tilburg,the Netherlands.

SummaryIn a recent study, te Nijenhuis et al. (2017) used a version of Jensen's method of correlated vectors to study the nature of ethnic group differences on Raven's Progressive Matrices test. In this comment, the author points out that this method has been shown to be psychometrically inappropriate in studying group differences in performance on dichotomous (correctly or incorrectly scored) items. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000172DOI Listing
November 2018

THIS (METHOD) IS (NOT) FINE.

Authors:
Jelte M Wicherts

J Biosoc Sci 2018 Nov 17;50(6):872-874. Epub 2018 Jul 17.

Department of Methodology and Statistics,Tilburg University,Tilburg,the Netherlands.

SummaryIn their response to my criticism of their recent article in Journal of Biosocial Science (te Nijenhuis et al., 2017), te Nijenhuis and van den Hoek (2018) raise four points none of which concerns my main point that the method of correlated vectors (MCV) applied to item-level data represents a flawed method. Here, I discuss te Nijenhuis and van den Hoek's four points. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000184DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

DIFFERENTIALS IN SEXUAL AND REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH KNOWLEDGE AMONG EAST MALAYSIAN ADOLESCENTS.

J Biosoc Sci 2019 Mar 6;51(2):282-291. Epub 2018 Jul 6.

¶National Population and Family Development Board,Kuala Lumpur,Malaysia.

SummaryThe aim of this study was to assess the knowledge of East Malaysian adolescents on sexual and reproductive health issues. Data were collected in March-July 2015 from 2858 adolescents aged 13-18 years from selected East Malaysian secondary schools using a self-administered questionnaire. Twelve items relating to sexual and reproductive health were used to measure respondents' knowledge based on their responses 'True', 'False' or 'Don't know', with the proportion of correct answers being the variable of interest. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000214DOI Listing
March 2019
7 Reads

PROGRESS AND PROSPECTS OF HEALTH-RELATED SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS IN INDIA.

J Biosoc Sci 2018 Jun 26:1-18. Epub 2018 Jun 26.

International Institute for Population Sciences,Mumbai,India.

SummaryThe Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are increasingly being used to measure developmental progress among and within countries. Achieving the health-related SDGs remains a primary concern of many developing countries. This study measured the progress in selected health-related indicators of SDGs in the states of India by social and economic groups, and predicted their likely progress by 2030. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S002193201
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000202DOI Listing
June 2018
1 Read

SELF-RATED HEALTH AND TEENAGE PREGNANCIES IN ROMA WOMEN: INCREASING HEIGHT IS ASSOCIATED WITH BETTER HEALTH OUTCOMES.

J Biosoc Sci 2018 Jun 11:1-13. Epub 2018 Jun 11.

Institute of Ethnography,Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts,Belgrade,Serbia.

SummaryThis paper reports on the association between early marriage, age at first reproduction and height, as an indicator of childhood environment, and maternal health outcomes among traditional Roma women in Serbia. Demographic data, marital and reproductive histories, height, weight and self-rated health were collected from 414 Roma women living in rural settlements in Serbia in 2015-2017. Data analysis showed that higher age and weight were associated with a greater risk of poor health, greater height contributed to reduced risk of poor health while reproductive variables were insignificant. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000196DOI Listing

A STUDY OF THE HERITABILITY OF INTELLIGENCE IN SUDAN.

J Biosoc Sci 2019 Mar 23;51(2):307-311. Epub 2018 May 23.

§Department of Special Education,College of Education,King Saud University,Riyadh,Saudi Arabia.

SummaryIntelligence was assessed using the Standard Progressive Matrices in 316 MZ and 550 same-sex DZ twins with a mean age of 10 years in Sudan. Heritability was estimated at 0.172 and shared environmental influences at 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000159DOI Listing
March 2019
6 Reads

GENDER DIFFERENCES IN THE ASSOCIATION BETWEEN MARITAL STATUS AND HYPERTENSION IN GHANA.

J Biosoc Sci 2018 May 21:1-22. Epub 2018 May 21.

†Department of Internal Medicine and Therapeutics,School of Medical Sciences,College of Health and Allied Sciences,University of Cape Coast,Ghana.

SummaryHypertension is a significant contributor to the global burden of cardiovascular and related target organ diseases such as heart failure, coronary heart disease, stroke and kidney failure, and their associated premature morbidity, mortality and disability. Marital status is an important social characteristic known to predict a range of health outcomes including cardiovascular disease. However, little is known about its impact on hypertension in sub-Saharan Africa. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000147DOI Listing
May 2018
12 Reads

SEXUAL AND REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH CONCERNS OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITY IN INDIA: AN ISSUE OF DEEP-ROOTED SILENCE.

J Biosoc Sci 2019 Mar 18;51(2):225-243. Epub 2018 May 18.

School of Health Systems Studies,Tata Institute of Social Sciences,Mumbai,India.

SummaryGlobal estimates suggest that over a billion people live with a disability that is significant enough to affect their daily lives. According to the 2011 Indian Census, India alone has about 26.8 million people with disabilities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000081DOI Listing

MATERNAL EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT AND SEX RATIO AT BIRTH BY RACE IN THE UNITED STATES, 2007-2015.

Authors:
Victor Grech

J Biosoc Sci 2018 May 15:1-6. Epub 2018 May 15.

Paediatric Department,University of Malta Medical School,Msida,Malta.

SummaryMany factors influence the male:female birth ratio (number of male births divided by total births, M/T). Studies have suggested that this ratio may be positively correlated with the education levels of mothers. This study assessed the effect of maternal education on M/T in the US population overall and by racial group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000123DOI Listing

REGIONAL DIFFERENCES IN INTELLIGENCE IN EGYPT: A COUNTRY WHERE UPPER IS LOWER.

J Biosoc Sci 2019 Mar 11;51(2):273-281. Epub 2018 May 11.

†Department of Special Education,College of Education,King Saud University,Riyadh,Saudi Arabia.

SummaryTwo administrations of the Coloured Progressive Matrices in Egypt were compared. The first was administered to a large, representative national sample between 2011 and 2013. The second was administered to primary school pupils in villages in Menoufia in northern Egypt in 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000135DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

CONSISTENCY OF THE EFFECTS OF FEMALE EDUCATION ON FERTILITY ACROSS THE NORTH-SOUTH DEMOGRAPHIC DIVIDE IN NIGERIA, 2003-2013.

J Biosoc Sci 2019 Jan 10;51(1):138-153. Epub 2018 Apr 10.

†Department of Sociology,University of Ibadan,Ibadan,Oyo State,Nigeria.

SummaryMost studies examining the association between female education and fertility have reported an inverse association. However, little is known about the consistency of the relationship, or what level of education triggers an inverse association. This study examined the consistency of the association between female education and fertility across the north-south demographic divide in Nigeria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000111DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

REGIONAL DIFFERENCES IN POSITIVE SEXUAL BEHAVIOUR AMONG YOUTH IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA.

J Biosoc Sci 2019 Mar 10;51(2):254-272. Epub 2018 Apr 10.

Demography and Population Studies Programme,Schools of Public Health and Social Sciences,University of the Witwatersrand,Johannesburg,South Africa.

SummaryThe question of youth sexual behaviour has been widely debated, with researchers such as Berhan and Berhan (2015) arguing that young adults aged 15-24 are more likely to engage in risky behaviours. However, research has not adequately addressed the issue of positive sexual behaviours, in particular among young people in sub-Saharan Africa. Adapting the compensatory model of risk and resiliency theory, this study examined the determinants of positive sexual behaviours among youth in sub-Saharan Africa. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S002193201
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S002193201800010XDOI Listing
March 2019
26 Reads

PREVALENCE OF CHILDHOOD OBESITY AND UNDERNUTRITION AMONG URBAN SCHOOL CHILDREN IN BANGLADESH.

J Biosoc Sci 2019 Mar 10;51(2):244-253. Epub 2018 Apr 10.

Department of Community Medicine,Ibrahim Medical College,Dhaka,Bangladesh.

SummaryDespite the ongoing problems of undernutrition and infectious disease, obesity and overweight have become a major problem in developing countries, including Bangladesh. This cross-sectional study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of obesity, overweight and underweight among school children aged 6-12 years in Bangladesh. The study was conducted from June 2012 to May 2013 and the study sample comprised 1768 children (980 boys; 788 girls) from eight purposively selected schools in different areas of Dhaka city. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000093DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

INDIVIDUAL- AND COMMUNITY-LEVEL DETERMINANTS OF ANTENATAL HIV TESTING IN ZIMBABWE.

J Biosoc Sci 2019 Mar 6;51(2):203-224. Epub 2018 Mar 6.

School of Education and Social Sciences,University of Hull,UK.

SummaryThis study contributes to the dialogue on the prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission (PMTCT) through the use of HIV and antenatal care (ANC) integrated services. The determinants of antenatal HIV testing in Zimbabwe were explored. Multilevel logistic regression models were applied to data for 8471 women from 406 clusters who gave birth in the 5 years preceding Zimbabwe Demographic and Health Surveys conducted in 2005/6 and 2010/11. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S002193201800007XDOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

WOMEN'S EMPOWERMENT AND INTIMATE PARTNER VIOLENCE IN BANGLADESH: INVESTIGATING THE COMPLEX RELATIONSHIP.

J Biosoc Sci 2019 Mar 6;51(2):188-202. Epub 2018 Mar 6.

†Department of Agricultural Statistics,Bangladesh Agricultural University,Mymensingh,Bangladesh.

SummaryThe aim of this study was to assess whether women's empowerment ensures reduced intimate partner violence (IPV). The differential relationship between women's empowerment and IPV among married women in Bangladesh was investigated using 2007 Demographic and Health Survey data. Logistic regression models were used to assess whether women's empowerment had any influence on their likelihood of experiencing IPV while controlling for other covariates. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000068DOI Listing
March 2019
6 Reads

GENDER DIFFERENCES IN INTELLIGENCE OF 5- TO 11-YEAR-OLDS ON THE COLOURED PROGRESSIVE MATRICES IN EGYPT.

J Biosoc Sci 2019 Jan 5;51(1):154-156. Epub 2018 Mar 5.

University of Ulster,Coleraine, Northern Ireland,UK.

SummaryThis study was based on data for a sample of 1756 Egyptian primary school children (863 boys and 893 girls) aged 5-11 years assessed for intelligence with Raven's Coloured Progressive Matrices (CPM). The results showed that boys obtained a slightly higher IQ than girls and had greater variance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000020DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

IS FERTILITY AFTER THE DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION MALADAPTIVE?

J Biosoc Sci 2019 Mar 5;51(2):157-176. Epub 2018 Mar 5.

Department of Sociology,University of North Carolina at Charlotte,NC,USA.

SummaryFitness is always relative to the fitness of others in the group or breeding population. Even in very low-fertility societies, individual fitness as measured by the share of genes in subsequent generations may still be maximized. Further, sexual selection theory from evolutionary biology suggests that the relationship between status and fertility will differ for males and females. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000032DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

ASSOCIATION BETWEEN SINGLE-PARENT FAMILY STRUCTURE AND AGE OF SEXUAL DEBUT AMONG YOUNG PERSONS IN JAMAICA.

J Biosoc Sci 2019 Mar 26;51(2):177-187. Epub 2018 Feb 26.

Faculty of Medical Sciences,University of the West Indies,Kingston,Jamaica.

SummaryThere is a high and increasing proportion of single-parent families in Jamaica. This has raised concerns about the potential impact of single-parent families on the social, cognitive and behavioural development of children, including their sexual relationships. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between being raised in a single-parent family and age of sexual debut among young people in Jamaica. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000044DOI Listing
March 2019
6 Reads

A LONGITUDINAL ANALYSIS OF INTERNAL MIGRATION, DIVORCE AND WELL-BEING IN CHINA.

J Biosoc Sci 2018 Sep 19;50(5):723. Epub 2018 Feb 19.

†The World Bank,Washington, DC,USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000056DOI Listing
September 2018
11 Reads

MATERNAL SENSITIVITY AND PERFORMANCE AND VERBAL INTELLIGENCE IN LATE CHILDHOOD AND ADOLESCENCE.

J Biosoc Sci 2019 Jan 15;51(1):48-58. Epub 2018 Feb 15.

†Unz Foundation,Palo Alto,CA,USA.

SummaryThe aim of this study was to investigate the association between maternal sensitivity and offspring intelligence in late childhood and adolescence. Secondary data (N=117) from the Block and Block (2006a, b) 30-year longitudinal study of Californian children, which began in the late 1960s, was used to test the hypothesis that maternal sensitivity in childhood would be predictive of late childhood and adolescent intelligence. Correlational analyses revealed that maternal sensitivity, as judged by raters viewing mother's interactions with their children in a set of four joint structured cognitive tasks when the child was 5 years of age, was associated with verbal and performance IQ test scores when the children were ages 11 and 18. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932017000669DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

COMPLETED FERTILITY DURING THE TWENTIETH CENTURY: AN EXAMPLE FROM SIX SETTLEMENTS IN NORTHERN GREECE.

J Biosoc Sci 2019 Jan 6;51(1):118-137. Epub 2018 Feb 6.

†Department of Philosophy and Social Studies,University of Crete,Rethymnon,Crete,Greece.

SummaryThis study aimed to delineate temporal trends and differentials of completed fertility and their relationship with some characteristics of the marriage system in specific anthropological populations of northern Greece. The analysis was based on the life history of quinquennial and decennial birth cohorts of married women born in the 20th century who reproduced solely within the settlements studied. The variables studied were: children ever born, mean age of mother at first marriage, mean age of mother at first child (live birth), mean age of mother at last child and reproductive span. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932018000019DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

GENES AND GINI: WHAT INEQUALITY MEANS FOR HERITABILITY.

J Biosoc Sci 2019 Jan 1;51(1):18-47. Epub 2018 Feb 1.

*Department of Psychology,Tomsk State University,Tomsk,Russia.

SummaryResearch has established that genetic differences among people explain a greater or smaller proportion of the variation in life outcomes in different environmental conditions. This review evaluates the results of recent educationally relevant behavioural genetic studies and meta-analyses in the context of recent trends in income and wealth distribution. The pattern of results suggests that inequality and social policies can have profound effects on the heritability of educational attainment and achievement in a population (Gene-Gini interplay). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932017000645DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

DO BIOMARKERS VARY BY SOCIAL CLASS, EDUCATION AND REGION AND IS MIGRATION IMPORTANT? EVIDENCE FROM A COHORT OF BRITISH ADULTS.

J Biosoc Sci 2019 Jan 1;51(1):95-117. Epub 2018 Feb 1.

†Department of Archaeology and Anthropology,University of Cambridge,UK.

SummaryThe aim of this study was to test whether Body Mass Index (BMI), waist circumference, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, Forced Expiratory Volume (FEV1) and Peak Expiratory Flow (PEF) vary in relation to social class at birth and adulthood, educational level and region of residence, and also with inter-generational social, educational and regional mobility/migration. The study used 5702 adults (2894 males and 2718 females) from the longitudinal British National Child Development Study (all children born in England, Scotland and Wales during the first week in March 1958 with follow-up throughout childhood and adulthood, most recently at 55 years of age). In both sexes BMI and waist circumference tended to increase from social classes I+II to IV+V and higher social class was associated with higher mean FEV1 and PEF. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932017000700DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

ASSOCIATION BETWEEN HIV AWARENESS FACTORS, HEALTH FACILITY CHARACTERISTICS AND RISKY SEXUAL BEHAVIOUR AMONG YOUNG WOMEN IN ZOMBA DISTRICT, MALAWI.

J Biosoc Sci 2018 Nov 30;50(6):853-867. Epub 2018 Jan 30.

*Department of Epidemiology,Robert Stempel College of Public Health and Social Work,Florida International University,Miami,FL,USA.

SummaryThe objective of this study was to examine the association between multilevel factors related to HIV awareness and risky sexual behaviour among young women in Zomba district, Malawi. Secondary analyses of the Schooling, Income, and Health Risk (SIHR) study were undertaken. Four outcomes related to risky sexual behaviour were examined among young women: if participants had ever had sex, consistent condom use and two scores measuring risk related to partner history and age during sexual activity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932017000694DOI Listing
November 2018
6 Reads

THE ASSOCIATION BETWEEN SEXUAL BEHAVIOURS AND INITIATION OF POST-SECONDARY EDUCATION IN SOUTH AFRICA.

J Biosoc Sci 2019 Jan 21;51(1):59-76. Epub 2018 Jan 21.

§School of Social Work,Salford University,UK.

SummaryAlthough young people in South Africa are growing up in an era where their socioeconomic circumstances are seemingly better than those of their parents' generation, they face greater risks in their trajectory to adulthood. This is mainly because the environment in which they are making sexual decisions is also rapidly evolving. Currently, South Africa has the highest prevalence of HIV and AIDS in the world among young people aged 15-24. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932017000670DOI Listing
January 2019
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AGE AT MENARCHE AND SEXUAL DEBUT AMONG YOUNG FILIPINO WOMEN.

J Biosoc Sci 2019 Jan 21;51(1):77-94. Epub 2018 Jan 21.

Population Studies Unit, Faculty of Economics and Administration,University of Malaya,Kuala Lumpur,Malaysia.

SummaryThere has been a secular decline in age at menarche since the 19th century. Early-maturing women are more likely to have their sexual debut at a younger age, which in turn gives rise to a host of reproductive health and social problems. This study used data from five waves of National Demographic and Health Surveys conducted in the Philippines between 1993 and 2013 to examine the trends and socioeconomic differentials in age at menarche and sexual debut. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932017000682DOI Listing
January 2019
8 Reads

INFORMED CHOICE AND FEMALE STERILIZATION IN SOUTH ASIA AND LATIN AMERICA.

J Biosoc Sci 2018 Nov 18;50(6):823-839. Epub 2018 Jan 18.

†Division of Health and Exercise Science,Western Oregon University,Monmouth,OR,USA.

SummaryGlobally, female sterilization is one of the most popular contraceptive methods despite concerns about quality of care for women who report being sterilized. In this study, informed choice among sterilized women was quantified using Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) data from 2000 to 2012 for countries in South Asia and Latin America. Three responses measured informed choice and knowledge about whether women were informed by a health worker or provider: that sterilization is permanent, the potential side-effects of sterilization and other methods of contraception. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932017000621DOI Listing
November 2018
5 Reads

HIV EPIDEMIC HETEROGENEITY IN ZIMBABWE: EVIDENCE FROM SUCCESSIVE DEMOGRAPHIC AND HEALTH SURVEYS.

J Biosoc Sci 2018 Nov 15;50(6):840-852. Epub 2018 Jan 15.

*Division of Health Sciences,Warwick Medical School,University of Warwick,Coventry,UK.

SummaryZimbabwe has one of the worst HIV epidemics in the world. This study investigated data from two successive Zimbabwe Demographic and Health Surveys (ZDHS) conducted in 2005-06 and 2010-11. A random representative sample of 30,000 men aged 15-59 and women aged 15-49 was selected from the two surveys. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932017000657DOI Listing
November 2018
7 Reads

CHILD NUTRITIONAL STATUS IN EGYPT: A COMPREHENSIVE ANALYSIS OF SOCIOECONOMIC DETERMINANTS USING A QUANTILE REGRESSION APPROACH.

J Biosoc Sci 2019 Jan 10;51(1):1-17. Epub 2018 Jan 10.

§Department of Economics,Frankfurt School of Finance & Management,Germany.

SummaryThis study examined the underlying demographic and socioeconomic determinants of child nutritional status in Egypt using data from the most recent round of the Demographic and Health Survey. The height-for-age Z-score (HAZ) was used as a measure of child growth. A quantile regression approach was used to allow for a heterogeneous effect of each determinant along different percentiles of the conditional distribution of the HAZ. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932017000633DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads